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PH-CM -26

ASSIGNMENTS
SUBJECTIVE
LEVEL - I
1.

2.

Two thin rods of each of length L and a ring of radius


L/2 are arranged in an inverted U, as shown in the
figure. The rod and the ring on the arms of the U
each have mass M, the second rod has mass 3M.
Where is the center of mass of the assembly?

L
3M
L

From the base of a hemisphere a right cone of height


R/2 and same base has been scooped out. Find the
C.M. of the remaining part.
R/2

3.

An acrobat of mass m clings to a rope ladder hanging below a balloon of mass M. The
balloon is stationary with respect to ground.
(a) If the acrobat begins to climb the ladder at a speed v (with respect to the ladder), in what
direction and with what speed (with respect to the Earth) will the balloon move ?
(b) If man stops climbing, what will be the velocity of the balloon?

4.

A car weighing 1000 kg is running at 25 m/s with three men weighing 75 kg each. Three men
run with a speed of 5 m/s relative to the car and jump off from the rear end. Find the speed
of the car if three men jump off (a) in succession (b) All together.

5.

A thick plank of mass M can slide without friction on ice along a straight line. Initially, a man
of mass m is standing on the plank, which is moving to the right with speed v o. What is the
change in velocity of the plank if the man runs to the left so that his speed relative to the
plank is vrel just before he jumps off at the left end ?

6.

A tennis ball approaches a player's racket horizontally at 10 m/s. After it is struck its velocity
is horizontally in the opposite direction with magnitude 20 ms -1. The ball has mass 0.060 kg
and it is in contact with the racket for 0.01 s. What average force acted on the ball ?

7.

A toy railroad car of mass M is at rest on frictionless rails when an insect of mass m starts
crawling on the car towards the engine. If the car recoils with a speed v in opposite direction
on the rails, with what velocity is the insect approaching the engine?

8.

A body of mass m collides elastically with another identical body at rest. Show that if the
collision is not head-on, the bodies go at right angle to each other after they collide.

9.

A space shuttle along with the fuel has a mass 1.11 105 kg of which 8.70 104 kg is fuel, is
to be launched vertically. The fuel will be burned at the constant rate of 820 kg/s. Relative
to the rocket, what is the minimum exhaust speed that allows liftoff at launch ?

10.

A metal sphere A of mass 2.5 kg collides elastically with another ball B that is at rest. After
collision, ball A continues to move in its original direction with a speed 1/5 th of its original
speed. Determine the mass of ball B.

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PH-CM -27

11.

A block of mass m moving at speed v collides with another block of mass 2 m at rest. The
lighter block comes to rest after the collision. Find the coefficient of restitution.

12.

A rocket of mass Mo starts from rest in gravity free space and exhaust velocity of gases
equal to V km/s. Find the mass of the rocket when the rocket speed is 3 times the exhaust
speed.

13.

A particle of mass m moving with a speed


u strikes a smooth horizontal at angle .
The particle rebounds at angle with a
speed v. Determine the expression for v
and if the coefficient of restitution is e.

14.

A non-uniform thin rod of length lies along the x-axis with one end at the origin. It has a
linear mass density kg/m, given by = 0 (1+x/). Find the center of mass of the rod.

15.

A projectile of mass m is fired with a velocity v0 at an angle with the horizontal. At the
m
highest position in its fight it explodes into two fragments of masses m 1 =
and m2 =
3
2m
. The fragement of mass m1 falls vertically with zero initial speed.
3
(i) Find the initial velocity of the fragment m2.
(ii) Find the distance d at which the fragment m2 will land with respect to m1.

***

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PH-CM -28

LEVEL - II
1.

From the bottom of a cone of height h a cone of same base is scooped out so that the centre
of mass of the remaining part remains at the tip of the hollow. Find the height of the hollow.

2.

A pulley fixed to a rigid support carries a rope whose one end is tied to a ladder with a man
and the other end the counterweight of mass M. The man of mass m climbs up a distance h
with respect to the ladder and then stops. If the mass of the rope and the friction in the pulley
axle are negligible, find the displacement of the (i) center of inertia of this system (ii) counter
weight.

3.

A ball is dropped from the top of a tower of height h and, at the same time another ball of
equal mass is projected up from the base of the tower with velocity just sufficient to take it to
the top of the tower and collides directly with the falling ball. If the co-efficient of the
restitution is 5 /3 , find the height to which the falling ball rises after collision.

4.

A cubical block of mass m is placed on a frictionless surface


of a movable wedge of mass M, which in turn is placed on a
horizontal frictionless surface as shown in the figure. Find the
velocity of the triangular block when the smaller block
reaches the bottom. All surfaces are frictionless.

m
h

5.

A block of mass 200 gm is suspended through a vertical spring. The spring is stretched by 1
cm when the block is in equilibrium. A particle of mass 120 gm is dropped on the block from
a height of 45 cm. The particle sticks to the block after the impact. Find the maximum
extension of the spring. Take g = 10 m/s2.

6.

From a pistol A bullet of mass 20 gm is fired such that it


passes horizontally with a speed of 500 m/s through a
wooden block of mass 10 kg with a speed of 100 m/s and the
block slides 20 cm on the surface before coming to rest. Find
the coefficient of friction between the block and the surface.

7.

A body of mass 4m falls vertically


downwards from a height H. A t height
h it explodes in to two parts m and 3m
and fly opposite to each other in the
same horizontal plane. There is a
pond at a horizontal distance x from
the line of fall. Calculate the minimum
horizontal velocity imparted to mass
m due to explosion that the 3m just
fall in the pond. Also find the position
where mass m lands.

500 m/s
10 kg

H
h
x
ground

pond

8.

A ball of mass m1 experiences perfectly elastic collision with a stationary ball of mass m 2.
What fraction of the kinetic energy does the striking ball lose, if
(a) it recoils at right angles to its original motion direction;
(b) the collision is a head-on one?. Assuming the balls to be smooth, find the fraction n of the
kinetic energy of the striking ball that turned into potential energy at the moment of the
maximum deformation.

9.

A box is put on a weighing machine which is adjusted to read zero when the box is empty. A
stream of pebbles is the poured into the box from a height h above its bottom at a rate of

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PH-CM -29

(pebbles per second) Each pebble has a mass m . If the collisions between the pebbles
and box are completely inelastic, find the scale reading at time t after the pebbles begin to fill
the box.
10.

A rocket starts from rest with velocity of exhaust gases equal to 1.6 km/s.
(a) Find the ratio of mass of the fuel to the mass of rocket that the rocket attains escape
velocity.
(b) Find out the time in which the rocket attains this velocity, if the rate of the fuel burning is
1
th of the initial mass.
10

11.

In the arrangement shown in the figure, ball and block


have the same mass m = 1kg each, = 600 and length =
250 m. Co-efficient of friction between block and floor in
0.5. When the ball is released from the position shown in
the figure, it collides with the block and the block stops
after moving distance 2.50 m.
Find coefficient of restitution for collision between the ball
and the block. (g = 10m/s2).

12.

13.

14.

15.

v0

Three identical balls each of mass m = 0.5 kg are


connected with each other as shown and rest over a
smooth horizontal table. At moment t = 0, ball B is imparted
a velocity v0 = 9 m/s. Calculate velocity of A when it collides
with ball C.

A right angled wedge ABC of mass M = 4 kg and base


angle = 530 is resting over a smooth horizontal plane. A
shell of mass m = 0.5 kg moving horizontally with velocity
v0 = 40 m/s collides with the wedge, just above point A. as
a consequence, wedge starts to move towards left with
velocity v = 5 m/s. Calculate
(a) heat generated during collision,
(b) maximum height reached by the shell, and
In the figure shown, a ball of mass m
collides perpendicularly on a smooth
stationary wedge of mass M. if the
coefficient of the restitution of collision
is e then determine the velocity of the
wedge after collision.

530

v0

v0
A

A spring of spring constant k connects two bocks of masses


m1 and m2 as shown in the figure. The block of mass m 2 is
given a sharp impulse so that it acquires a velocity Vo
towards right . Find
(a) the velocity of the centre of mass
(b) the maximum elongation of the spring.

vo
m1

m2

***
OBJECTIVE
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PH-CM -30

LEVEL -I
1.

A surface is hit elastically and normally by n balls per unit time, all the balls having the same
mass m and moving with the same velocity u. The force on the surface is:
(A) mnu2
(B) 2mnu
2
(C) (1/2)mnu
(D) 2mnu2

2.

The spacecraft of mass M moves with velocity V in free space at first, then it explodes
breaking into two pieces. If after explosion a piece of mass m comes to rest, the other piece
of space craft will have a velocity:
(A) MV/(M m)
(B) MV/(M + m)
(C) mV/(M m)
(D) mV/(M + m)

3.

If the KE of a body becomes four times of its initial value, then the new momentum will
increases by
(A) 50%
(B) 100%
(C) 125%
(D) 150%

4.

A bullet in motion hits and gets embedded in a solid block resting on a frictionless table.
What is conserved?
(A) Momentum and KE
(B) Kinetic energy alone
(C) Neither KE nor momentum
(D) Momentum alone

5.

A bag of mass M hangs by a long thread and a bullet (mass m) comes horizontally with
velocity v and gets caught in the bag. Then for the combined system (bag + bullet):
(A) Momentum is mMv/(M + m)
(B) KE is (1/2) Mv2
(C) Momentum is mv
(D) KE is m2v2/2(M + m)

6.

A bullet of mass m hits a target of mass M hanging by a string and gets embedded in it. If
the block rises to a height h as a result of this collision, the velocity of the bullet before
collision is:
(A) v 2gh
(B) v 2gh [1 (m / M)]
(C) v 2gh [(1 M / m)]
(D) v 2gh [1 (m / M)]

7.

A massive ball moving with speed v collides with a tiny ball having a mass very much smaller
than the mass of the first ball. If the collision is elastic, then immediately after the impact, the
second ball will move with a speed approximately equal to:
(A) v
(B) 2v
(C) v/2
(D)

8.

A nutron travelling with a velocity v and kinetic energy E collides elastically head on with the
nucleus of an atom of mass number A at rest. The fraction of total energy retained by the
neutron is:
A 1

A 1

A 1

(A)
(C)
9.

A 1

A 1

A 1

(B)
(D)

A sphere of mass m moving with a constant velocity u hits another stationary sphere of the
same mass. If e is the coefficient of restitution, then ratio of velocities of the two spheres
after collision will be:

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PH-CM -31

1 e

1 e

(B)

1 e

1 e

(C)

e 1

e 1

(D)

The centre of mass of a body:


(A) Lies always at the geometrical center
(C) Lies always outside the body

(B) Lies always inside the body


(D) Lies within or outside the body

(A)

10.

e 1

e 1

11.

Consider a system of two identical particles. One of the particles is at rest and other has

acceleration a . The centre of mass has acceleration


1
(A) Zero
(B)
a
2

(C) a
(D) 2 a

12.

A bomb travelling in a parabolic path under gravity, explodes in mid air. The centre of mass
of fragments will:
(A) Move vertically upwards and then downwards
(B) Move vertically downwards
(C) Move in irregular path
(D) Move in the parabolic path as the unexploded bomb would have traveled

13.

If a ball is thrown upwards from the surface of earth:


(A) The earth remains stationary while the ball moves upwards
(B) The ball remains stationary while the earth moves downwards
(C) The ball and earth both moves towards each other
(D) The ball and earth both move away from each other

14.

A body of mass 1 kg initially at rest, explodes and breaks into three fragments of mass in the
ratio 1 : 1 :3. The two pieces of equal mass fly off perpendicular to each other with speed of
15 m/sec. each. The speed of heavier fragment is:
(A) 52 m/s
(B) 45 m/se
(C) 5 m/s
(D) 156 m/s

15.

A bullet weighing 10 gm and moving at 300 m/s strikes a 5 kg ice and drops dead. The ice
block is sitting on a frictionless level surface. The speed of the block after the collision, is
(A) 6 cm/sec
(B) 6 m/sec
(C) 60 m/sec
(D) 60 m/sec.

***

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PH-CM -32

LEVEL - II
1.

From a point on smooth floor of a room a block is given some initial velocity and then it
strikes a vertical wall. The ball then returns back to the point of projection. If the time taken
by the block in returning is twice the time taken in reaching the wall the coefficient of
restitution for the collision between the block and the wall is
1
1
(A)
(B)
3
2
1
(C)
(D) 0.2
4

2.

A particle strikes a horizontal frictionless floor with a speed u at an angle with the vertical,
and rebounds with speed v at an angle with vertical. The coefficient of restitution between
the particle and the floor is e. The magnitude of v is
(A) e v
(B) (1 e)v
2
2
2
(C) u sin e cos
(D) u e sin2 cos2

3.

A smooth ball of mass m strike a horizontal surface with a velocity v in a


direction making an angle with the normal to the surface as shown in
the figure. If the coefficient of restitution for the collision between the ball
and the surface is e and the ball was in contact with the surface for a
small time 't' the average force acting on the ball during collision is
mv (1 e)
(A) mg
(B)
2t
(C)

3 mv (1 e)
2t

(D)

300

3 mv (1 e)
2t

4.

Three identical spheres lie at rest other along a line on a smooth horizontal surface. The
separation between any two adjacent spheres is L. the first sphere is moved with a velocity
u towards the second sphere at time t = 0. The coefficient of restitution for collision between
any two block is 1/3.
5L
(A) The third sphere will start moving at t =
2u
4L
(B) The third sphere will start moving at t =
u
u
(C) The centre of mass of the system will have a final speed
3
(D) The centre of mass of the system will have a final speed u.

5.

A man of mass M stands at one end of a plank of length L which lies at rest on a frictionless
M
horizontal surface. The man walks to the other end of the plank. If mass of the plank is
3
, the distance that the man moves relative to ground is
L
(A) L
(B)
4
3L
L
(C)
(D)
4
3

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PH-CM -33

6.

7.

Four particle A, B, C and D of equal mass move with equal


speed v along the diagonals of a square in a horizontal plane as
shown in the figure. After the collision A comes to rest, B and C
retrace their path, then the particle D
(A) will continue to move along the same line with speed v
(B) will retrace its path with speed 2v
(C) will come to rest
(D) will move with a speed 2 v along a line parallel to CD.

A small spherical ball strikes a frictionless horizontal plane with a velocity v making an angle
to the normal at the surface. If the coefficient of restitution is e, the particle will again strike
the surface after time
2ev cos
2v sin
(A)
(B)
g
g
(C)

2ev sin
g

(D)

2v cos
g

8.

A molecule of mass m flying at a velocity V elastically impinges on the wall at an angle


with the wall. Then
(A) Impulsive reaction of the wall is 2m V cos
(B) impulsive reaction of the wall is 2m V sin
(C) impulsive reaction of the wall is 0
(D) above data are insufficient to calculate impulsive reaction of the wall

9.

Two equal billiard balls are in contact on a table. A third identical ball strikes then
symmetrically and remains at rest after impact. The coefficient of restitution is :
2
1
(A)
(B)
3
3
1
3
(C)
(D)
6
2

10.

A particle of mass m is made to move with uniform speed v 0 along the perimeter of a regular
hexagon, inscribed in a circle of radius R. The magnitude of impulse applied at each corner
of the hexagon is

(A) 2mv0 sin


(B) mv0 sin
6
6

(C) mv0 sin


(D)2mv0 sin
3
3

11.

A ball strikes a wall with a velocity u at an angle with the normal to the wall surface and
rebounds from it at angle with the surface. Then
(A) (+) 900 if wall is smooth

tan
cot
tan
(C) If wall is rough, coefficient of restitution <
cot

(B) If wall is smooth, coefficient of restitution =

(D) None of these.

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PH-CM -34

12.

A particle, moving horizontally, collides perpendicularly at one end of a rod


having equal mass and placed on a smooth horizontal surface.
(A) Particle comes to rest if collision is perfectly elastic and center of rod
starts to move with same velocity.
(B) Particle continues to move along the same direction, whatever is the
value of e.
(C) Particle may get rebound back

v
(D) Velocity of mid point of the rod will be less than 0 if particle gets stick.
2
13.

Two identical blocks having mass M each are


smoothly conjugated and placed on a smooth
horizontal floor as shown in figure. On left of block A,
h
there is a wall. A small block of mass m is released
from the position shown in the figure. Velocity of block
B is maximum
(A) when m is at highest position on B.
(B) when m is at lowest position and moving towards left.
(C) when m is at point C.
(D) is equal to

m,

A
S

C
M

m 2gh
mM

14.

Velocity of center of mass of system of two particles is v C and total mass of particles is equal
to M. Kinetic energy of the system.
1
2
2
MvC
(A) May be equal to
(B) M v C
2
1
2
MvC
(C)
2
(D) Can not be calculated because this information is insufficient.

15.

A non-zero external force acts on a system of particles. The velocity and the acceleration of
the centre of mass are found to be v0 and a0 at an instant t. It is possible that
(A) v0 = 0, a0 = 0
(B) v0 = 0, a0 0
(C) v0 0, a0 = 0
(D) v0 0, a0 0

***

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PH-CM -35

ANSWERS
LEVEL - I
1.

L/5 below the heavy rod along its perpendicular bisector

2.

11R/24

3.

(a ) down ,

4.

(a) 25.98 m/s,

5.

m
Vrel
Mm

6.

180 N

M
V
m

9.

1.33 Km/s

11.

0.5

7.

mv
, (b) balloon again stationary
Mm

(b) 25.92 m/s

10.

1.67 kg

12.

M0 / e3

13.

= tan-1[e(tan)], v =

15.

(a )

3
v 0 cos
2

(b)

cos 2 e 2 sin2

5L
9

14.

3
R
4

LEVEL - II
1.

h/3

2.

3.

h/9

4.

5.

4.5 cm

6.

3x

7.

2H

9.

m (gt +

11.

2 H h

, 3x opposite to mass

mh
mh
(ii)
2M
2M

2m2gh cos2

2
M m M m sin

1/ 2

0.16

2m

(a) n =
m

m
2
1

(b) n =

10.

(a) 1100, (b) 9.99 sec

12.

6 m/s

13.

(a) 125 J, (b) 45 m

14.

15.

m2 v 0

m1m2
(a)
, (b) v0

m1 m2
(m1 m2 )k

2gh

), 1.55 N

8.

(i)

4m1m2
m1 m2 2

1 e mv 0 sin
M m sin2

1/ 2

3m falls

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PH-CM -36

OBJECTIVE
LEVEL - I
1.

(B)

2.

(A)

3.

(B)

4.

(D)

5.

(C)

6.

(C)

7.

(B)

8.

(A)

9.

(D)

10.

(D)

11.

(B)

12.

(D)

13.

(D)

14.

(A)

15.

(C)

LEVEL - II
1.

(B)

2.

(C)

3.

(C)

4.

(A)

5.

(C)

6.

(D)

7.

(B)

8.

(B)

9.

(A)

10.

(A)

11.

(A), (B) & (C)

12.

(B) & (D)

13.

(B)

14.

(A), (C) & (D)

15.

(B) & (D)

***

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