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Lahore University of Management Sciences

POL 328 Politics of Pakistan

Room No.
Office Hours

Mohammad Waseem
Pol Sci Wing

Spring 2013-2014

This course is thematically arranged inasmuch as it deals with multiple aspects of political life in Pakistan. It
seeks to highlight the two factors of structure and agency as represented respectively by state institutions such
as military and bureaucracy on the one hand and political institutions such as parliament and political parties
on the other. It seeks to analyze the patterns of leadership in the country. The course focuses on the
overarching influence of the initial stages of state formation on the legal and constitutional developments i9n
the following decades. It brings out among other things, the political role of extra-parliamentary forces led by
army as well as the impact of ethnic and religio-sectarian identities on politics of Pakistan.
1. To expose students to various structural and operational aspects of politics in Pakistan;
2. To develop a comprehensive understanding of politics in the country in a conceptual framework
beyond the traditional chronological approach;
3. To provide a perspective on the working of state institutions in the context of comparative

Mid-term examination
Final examination

Session 1: Introduction


Session 2: Origins of Pakistan

Ayesha Jalal, Demand for Pakistan, in The State of Martial Rule: The Origins of Pakistans Politi
Economy of Defence, Cambridge, Melbourne, 1990, 9-24
Asma Barlas, The League and Muslim Politics, in Democracy, Nationalism and Cummunalism: T
Colonial Legacy in South Asia, Boulder, Westview Press, 1995, 171-191
Session 3: Partition Violence

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Ishtiaq Ahmed, The Punjab:Bloodied, partititoned and Cleansed, OUP Karachi, 2012
Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar, Hindu Exodus from Karachi, in The Long Partition and the
Making of Modern South Asia: Refugees, Boundaries, Histories, Karachi: Oxford, 2008, 45-76

Session 4: Migration and settlement

Sarah Ansari, Coping with the immediate challenge of partition: 1947-1948, in Life After Partiti
Migration, Community and Strife in Sindh 1947-1962, Karachi: Oxford, 2005, 46-73
Tai Yan Tang and Gyanesh kudeysya The Aftermath of Partition in South Asia, Routledge, 2001
Session 5: Profile of the nation
Ian Talbot, Nation Building in Pakistan: Ideas and Institutions, in Inventing the Nation: India a
Pakistan, New York: Oxford, 2000, 196-222
Stephen P. Cohen, The Nation and the State of Pakistan, The Washington Quarterly, 25: 3, Summer 200
Session 6: Constitutional issues
Michael Hager, The Great Experiment: Law and Development in Pakistan, in Wolfgang Peter Zingel a
Stephanie Zingel Ave Lallemant eds, Pakistan in the 1980s, Vol. I, Vanguard, Lahore, 1985, 209-230
Katherine Adeney, Constitutional Centring: Nation Formation and Constitutional Federalism in India a
Pakistan, Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, November 2002, 8-33
Session 7: Legislature
PILDAT, Citizens report: Performane of the 13th National Assembly of Pakistan, The Third Year March
2010 to March 16 2011, Islamabad, 5-25
Session 8: Military and Politics
Mohammad Waseem, Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan, in Rajshree Jetly, ed, Pakistan in Regional
and Global Politics, Routledge, New Delhi, 2009, 181-211
Ayesha Siddiqa, Evolution of the Military Class: 1977-2005, in Military Inc.: Inside Pakistans Milit
Economy, Oxford, Karachi, 2007, 83-111
Session 9: Political parties
Hasan-Askari Rizvi, Political Parties and Fragmented Democracy, Report, Published by Henriche B
Stiftung, Lahore, 2010, 1-12
Taimur Rehman, Political Parties: A Brief Class Analysis, mimeograph, LUMS, 2012, 1-13
Session 10: Electoral Politics
Andrew Wilder, Pakistans Electoral History, in The Pakistani Voter: Electoral Politics and Vot
Behaviour in the Punjab, Oxford, Karachi, 15-33
Mohammad Waseem, Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Elections, in Democratisation in Pakist

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A Study of the 2002 Elections, Oxford, Karachi, 2006, 37-55
Session 11: Bureaucracy and Politics
Hamza Alavi, The State in Post-Colonial Societies: Pakistan and Bangladesh, in Harry Goulbourne
Politics and State in the Third World, Macmillan, London, 1979, 38-69
Charles Kennedy, Bureaucracy in Pakistan, Oxford, Karachi, 1987, 1-16
Session 12: Judiciary
Paula Newberg, As if to Frame a Picture: Courts and Politics, in Rasul Bukhsh Rais ed, State, Society a
Democratic Change in Pakistan, Oxford, Karachi, 1997, 76-102
Nasim Hasan Shah, Judiciary in Pakistan: A Quest for Independence, in Craig Baxter and Char
Kennedy eds, Pakistan 1997, Westview Press, Boulder 1998, 61-78
Session 13: Democracy and Civil Society
Mustafa Kamal Pasha, The Hyper-Extended State: Civil Society and Democracy, in Rasul Bukhsh R
ed, State, Society and Democratic Change in Pakistan, Oxford, Karachi, 1997, 182-203
Holly Sims, Democratization and the Revitalization of Civil Society, in Rasul Bukhsh Rais ed, Sta
Society and Democratic Change in Pakistan, Oxford, Karachi, 1997, 204-219
Session 14: Patterns of governance
Mushahid Hussain and Akmal Hussain, Pakistan: Problems of Governance, Vanguard, 1993, 25-67
Sessions 15: Mid-term examination
Session 16: Devolution and Local Bodies Elections
Charles Kennedy, 'Analysis of Pakistan's Devolution Plan', Mimeographed paper, Islamabad, 2001, 1 1
Shahrukh Rafi Khan, Aasim Sajjad Akhtar and Foqia Sadiq Khan, Local Bodies Elections: Need
Improvement, in Mohammad Waseem ed, Electoral Reform in Pakistan, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftu
Islamabad, 2002, 91-122
Session 17: Patterns of Leadership
K. B. Sayeed, Political Leadership and Institution Building Under Jinnah, Ayub and Bhutto, in L. Ziri
R. Braibanti and Howard Wriggins eds, Pakistan: The Long View, Longman, Durban, 1977, 241-270
Ian Talbot, General Pervez Musharraf: Saviour or Destroyer of Pakistans Democracy, Contempor
South Asia, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2002
Session 18: Language and Politics
Tariq Rahman, The Sindhi Language Movement, in Language and Politics in Pakistan, Oxford, Karac

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Christopher Shackle, Siraiki: A Language Movement in Pakistan, Modern Asian Studies, 11; 3, 1976, 3

Session 19: Islamic statehood

Ishtiaq Ahmed, The Concept of an Islamic State: An Analysis of the Ideological Controversy in Pakist
University of Stockholm, 1985, 31-45
Munir D. Ahmed, Conflicting Definitions of the Islamic State in Pakistan, in W. P. Zingel and Stepha
Ave Lallemant Zingel eds, Pakistan in the 80s, Vanguard, Lahore, 1985, 231-261
Session 20: Islamic movements
Vali Nasr, Organisation in Islamic Movements, in Charles H. Kennedy and Rasul Bakhsh Rais e
Pakistan 1995, Westview Press, 1995, 61-81
Mohammad Waseem, Political Sources of Islamic Militancy in Pakistan, in Ian Talbot ed, The Dea
Embrace: Religion, Politics and Violence in India and Pakistan 1947-2002, Oxford, 2007, 145-163
Session 21: Ethnic movements
Yunas Samad, In and Out of Power but not Down and Out: Mahajir Identity Politics, in Christop
Jafferlot ed, Pakistan: Nationalism without a Nation, Manohar Publishers, New Delhi, 2002, 63-83
Adeel Khan, Sindhi Ethnic Nationalism: Migration and Marginalization, in Politics of Identity: Eth
Nationalism and the State in Pakistan, Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2005, 127-159
Rajshree Jetly, Resurgence of the Baluch Movement in Pakistan: Emerging Perspectives and Challenge
in Rajshree Jetly ed, Pakistan in Regional and Global Politics, Routeledge, 2009, 212-234
Session 22: Women and Politics
Fauzia Gardezi, Nationalism and State Formation: Womens Struggles and Islamization in Pakistan
Neelam Hussain, Sumiya Mumtaz and Rubina Saigol eds, Engendering the Nation-State, Vol. 1, Simor
Lahore, 1997, 79-110
Khawar Mumtaz and Farida Shaheed, Women of Pakistan: Two Steps Forward, One Step Bac
Vanguard, Lahore, 1987, 99-122
Session 23: Politics and Media
Syed Abdul Siraj, Critical analysis of press freedom in Pakistan, Journal Media and Communicat
Studies Vol. 1(3) 43-47 September, 2009
Muhammad Amir Rana, Jihadi Print Media in Pakistan: An Overview, Conflict and Peace Studies, V
2008, No. 1, October-December 2008, Islamabad, 45-64
Session 24: Terrorism
Robert Wirsing, Pakistans Transformation: The Limits of Extreme Makeover in US Counter-terrori
Strategy, Paper for the annual LUMS conference, March-April 2005, 1-21

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Saba Noor, Evolution of Counter-Terrorism Legislation, Conflict and Peace Studies, Islamabad, V
2008, No. 1, October-December 2008, 87-110

Session 25: Human rights

HRCP, Freedom of thought, conscience and religion, State of Human Rights in 2012, Lahore, 2013,
Session 26: Religious Minorities
Tahir Kamran, Community of the marginalized state, society and Punjabi Christians, South Asian Revi
Pittsburg, 31, 2, 2010, 66-84
Theodore Gabriel, The Blasphemy Law and its impact on the Christian community, in Christian Citiz
in an Islamic State: the Pakistan Experience, Ashgate, 2007, 59-73
Session 27: Pakistan in the 21st Century
Stephen Cohen, Pakistans Futures, in The Idea of Pakistan, Lahore, Vanguard, 2005, 267-300
1. Session 28: Recapitulation