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ASSIGNMENTS
SUBJECTIVE
LEVEL -I
1.

White light is used in a Young's double slit experiment. Find the minimum order of the violet
fringe ( = 400 nm) which overlaps with a red fringe ( = 700 nm).

2.

In a double slit interference experiment, the separation between the slits is 1.0 mm, the
wavelength of light used is 5.0 x 10-7 m and the distance of the screen from the slits is 1.0 m.
(a) Find the width of the central maximum.
(b) How many bright fringes are formed in one centimeter width on the screen?

3.

A plate of thickness t made of a material of refractive index is placed in front of one of the
slits in a double slit experiment.
(a)
Find the change in the optical path due to introduction of the plate.
(b)
What should be the minimum thickness t which will make the intensity at the centre of
the fringe pattern zero? Wavelength of the light used is . Neglect any absorption of light
in the plate.

4.

The width of one of the two slits in a Youngs double slits experiment is double of the other
slit. Assuming that the amplitude of the light coming from a slit is proportional to the slitwidth, find the ratio of the maximum to the minimum intensity in the interference pattern.

5.

A long narrow horizontal slit is placed 1 mm above a horizontal plane mirror. The
interference between the light coming directly from the slit and that after reflection is seen on
a screen 1.0 m away from the slit. If the mirror reflects only 64% of the light energy falling on
it, what will be the ratio of the maximum to the minimum intensity in the interference pattern
observed on the screen?

6.

A rod of length 10 cm lies along the principal axis


of a concave mirror of focal length 10 cm in such
a way that the end closer to the pole is 20 cm
away from it. Find the length of the image.

B
10 cm

7.

F
20 cm

The refractive index of the material of a prism of refracting angle 45 0 is 1.6 for a certain
monocromatic ray. What would be the minimum angle of incidence of this ray on the prism
so that no total internal reflection takes place. As rays comes out of the prism.
5
= 3840, sin6020 = 0.11, sin1040 = 0.176)
8

(Sin-1
8.

An astronomical telescope has an objective of focal length 100 cm and an eyepiece of focal
length 20 cm. The diameter of the objective is 5 cm. Find the magnifying power in normal
adjustment.

9.

A point source S is placed midway


between two converging mirrors having
equal focal length f as shown in figure.
Find the values of d for, which only on
image is formed.

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10.

Consider the situation in figure. The bottom of the pot is a


reflecting plane mirror, S is a small fish and T is a human eye.
Refractive index of water is .
(a) At what distance(s) from itself will the fish see the image (s) of
the eye?
(b) At what distance(s) from itself will the eye see the image(s) of
the fish?

11.

H
S

A cylindrical vessel, whose diameter and height both are equal


to 30 cm, is placed on a horizontal surface and a small particle
P is placed in it at a distance of 5.0 cm from the centre. An eye
is placed at a position such that the edge of the bottom is just
visible. The particle P is in the plane of drawing. Up to what
minimum height should water be poured in the vessel to make
the particle P visible?

12.

H/2

An object is placed 21 cm in front of a concave mirror of radius of curvature 20cm. A glass


slab of thickness 3 cm and refractive index 3/2 is placed closed to the mirror in the space
between the object and the mirror. Find the position of the final image formed. The distance
of the nearer surface of the slab from the mirror is 10 cm.

13.

A narrow slit S transmitting light of


wavelength is placed a distance d above
a large plane mirror as shown in fig. The
light coming directly from the slit and that
coming after the reflection interfere at a
screen placed at a distance D from the
slit.
(a) What will be the intensity at a point just
above the mirror i.e., just above O?
(b) At what distance from O does the first
maximum occur?

14.

S
d

For what value of a, image of the object O will


be formed at I, at the same distance a from the
third lens.

10cm

10cm

I
a

a
-5 D

15.

+10 D

-5 D

The focal length of the object glass of a microscope is 2 cm, that of the eye-piece is 4 cm
and the distance between them is 20 cm. What should be the object distance from object
glass if the final image is to be seen at least distance of distinct vision (25 cm) from the
eyepiece? What will be the magnification in this situation ?

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LEVEL - II
1.

2.

In a Youngs double slit experiment a parallel light beam containing wavelength 1 = 4000 A
and 2 = 5600A is incident on a diaphragm having two narrow slits. Separation between the
slits is d = 2mm. If distance between diaphragm and screen is D = 40 cm, calculate
(a) distance of first black line from central bright fringe and
(b) distance between two consecutive black lines.
White coherent light (400 nm - 700-nm) is
sent through the slits of a Young's double slit
experiment (fig.). The seperation between
the slits is 0.5 mm and the screen is
observed at a point 1.0 mm away (along the
width of the fringes) from the central line.

1mm
0.5mm

50 cm

(a) Which wavelength(s) will be absent in the


light coming from the hole?
(b) which wavelength(s) will have a strong
intensity?(a = 0.5 mm; b = 1.0 mm)
3.

A thin paper of thickness 0.02 mm having a refractive index 1.45 is pasted across one of the
slits in a Youngs double slit experiment. The paper transmits 4/9 of the light energy falling on
it.
(a)
Find the ratio of the maximum intensity to the minimum intensity in the fringe pattern.
(b)
How many fringes will cross through the centre if an identical paper piece is pasted on
the other slit also? The wavelength of the light used is 600 nm.

4.

A right prism is to be made by selecting a proper


material and the angles A and B (B A), as shown
in figure. It is desired that a ray of light incident
normally on AB emerges parallel to the incident
direction after two total internal reflections.
(a) What should be the minimum refractive index for
this to be possible ?
(b) For = 5/3, is it possible to achieve this with the
angle A equal to 60 degrees ?

5.

A convex lens focuses a distant object on a screen placed 10 cm away from it. A glass plate
( = 1.5) of thickness 1.5 cm is inserted between the lens and the screen. Where should the
object be placed so that its image is again focused on the screen?

6.

A biconvex thin lens is prepared from glass ( = 1.5), the two bounding surfaces having
equal radii of 25 cm each. One of the surfaces is silvered from outside to make it reflecting.
Where should an object be placed before this lens so that the image is formed on the object
itself ?

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7.

A point object is placed at a distance of 0.3m from


a convex lens (focal length 0.2m) cut into two
halves each of which is displaced by 0.0005m as
shown in the figure. Find the position of the
images. If more than one image is formed, find
their number and the distance between them

8.

A thin biconvex lens of refractive index 3/2 is placed on a


horizontal plane mirror as shown in the figure. The space
between the lens and the mirror is then filled with water of
refractive index 4/3. It is found that when a point object is
placed 15cm above the lens on its principle axis, the object
coincides with its own image. On repeating with another
liquid, the object and the image again coincide at a
distance 25 cm from the lens. Calculate the refractive
index of the liquid.

9.

Two coherent narrow slits emitting light of


wavelength in the same phase are placed parallel
to each other a small separation of 2. The light si
collected on a screen which is placed at a
distance D (>> ) from the slits S1 as shown in
figure. Find the distance x such that the intensity at
P is equal to the intensity at O.

10.

11.

O
S1

A converging lens of focal length 15 cm and a


converging mirror of focal length 20cm are placed
with their principal axis coinciding. A point source S is
placed on the principal axis at a distance 12cm from
the lens as shown in the figure. It is found that the
final beam comes out parallel to the principal axis
find the separation between the mirror and the lens.

S2

12 cm

A ray of light is incident on the surface of a


transparent sphere of refractive index

7
. After
2

refraction it is reflected and refracted out of sphere


again. Determine the value of the angle of incidence
and deviation to the nearest degree so that the
deviation may be minimum. (sin 47= 3/7)
12.

0.0005 m

A cubical block of glass (refractive index = 1.5) has a


concentric spherical cavity of radius r = 3cm. Each edge
of the cube is = 12cm long. A luminous point object is
at a distance a = 12cm on left of left face of the cube as
shown in figure. Calculate apparent position of the object
when seen from right side of the cube

= 12

a = 12

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13.

A thin plano-convex lens made of glass ( = 1.5) split


into two halves. One of the halves is shifted along the
optical axis as shown in figure. The separation between
fixed luminous point object O and fixed screen is D = 180
cm. The magnification of image formed by one of the half
lenses is m =2. Calculate focal length f of the lens and
separation between two half lenses.

screen

O
D = 180 cm

One of the two half lenses is removed and one surface of the other half lens is silvered. Now
this half lens is moved along the optical axis so that a sharp image of object is again formed
on the screen. Calculate distance of this half lens from object O at this instant.
14.

15.

The figure shows two coherent sources S 1 and S2 which emit light
of wavelength in phase. The separation between the sources is
3. A circular wire of large radius is placed in such a way that S 1S2
is at the centre of the wire. Find the angular position on the wire
for which constructive interference takes place.

S1

S2

The refractive indices of the crown glass for blue and red lights are 1.51 and 1.49
respectively and those of the flint glass are 1.77 and 1.73 respectively. An isosceles prism of
angle 60 is made of crown glass. A beam of white light is incident at a small angle of this
prism. The other flint glass isosceles prism is combined with the crown glass prism such that
there is no deviation of the incident light. Determine the angle of the flint glass prism.
Calculate the net dispersion of the combined system.

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OBJECTIVE
Level -I
1.

If the behavior of light rays through a convex looking lens is as


shown in the adjoining figure, then;
(A) = 2
(C) > 2

(B) < 2
(D) 2

2.

A convex lens A of focal length 20 cm and a concave lens B of focal length 5 cm are kept
along the same axis with a distance d between them. If a parallel beam of light falling on. A
leaves B as a parallel beam, then the distance d in cm will be:
(A) 25
(B) 15
(C) 2f
(D) 4 f

3.

A spherical convex surface separates object and image space of refractive index 1.0 and
1.33. If radius of curvature of the surface is 0.1 m, its power is :
(A) 2.48 D
(B) 2.48 D
(C) 3.3 D
(D) 3.3 D

4.

A converging lens is used to form an image on a screen. When the upper half of the lens is
covered by an opaque screen :
(A) half of the image will disappear
(B) complete image will be formed
(C) intensity of image will increase
(D) intensity of image will decrease

5.

A layered lens as shown in the figure is made of two types of


transparent materials indicated by different shades. A point
object is placed on its axis. The object will form:
(A) 1 image
(B) 2 images
(C) 3 images
(D) 9 images

6.

As astronomical telescope has an angular magnification of magnitude 5 for distant objects.


The separation between the objective and the eyepiece is 36 cm and the final image is
formed at infinity. The focal length f0 of the objective and the focal length fe of the eye piece
are:
(A) f0 = 45 cm and fe = 9 cm
(B) f0 = 50 cm and fe = 10 cm
(C) f0 = 7.2 cm and fe = 5 cm
(D) f0 = 30 cm and fe = 6 cm

7.

The minimum distance between a real object and its virtual image formed by a convex lens
is:
(A) f
(B) 4 f
(C) 0
(D) 2 f

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8.

When the distance between the object and the screen is more than 4f, we can obtain the
image of the object on the screen for the two positions of the lens. It is called displacement
method. In one case the image is magnified. If I 1 and I2 be the sizes of the two images, then
the size of the object is:
(A) (I1 + I2)/2
(B) I1 I2
(C) (I1 I2)
(D) (I1/I2)

9.

In the displacement method, a convex lens is placed in between an object and a screen. If
the magnification in the two positions be m 1 and m2 and the displacement of the lens
between the two positions is X, then the focal length of the lens is :
(A) X/m1 m2)
(B) X/(m1 m2)
(C) X/(m1 + m2)
(D) X/(m1 m2)2

10.

A convex lens of focal length f is placed in between a real object and a screen. The distance
between the object and the screen is X. If the numerical value of the magnification produced
by the lens is m, then the focal length of the lens is :
(A) mX/(m + 1)2
(B) mX/(m 1)2
(C) (m + 1)2/mX
(D) (m 1)X/m

11.

A ray of light passes through an equilateral prism. (refractive index = 1.5) sucyh that the
angle of incidence is equal to the angle of emergence and later is equal to 3/4 th the angle of
prism. The angle of deviation is :
(A) 45o
(B) 39o
o
(C) 20
(D) 30o

12.

A thin prism P1 with angle 4o and made from glass of refractive index 1.54 is combined with
another thin prism P2 made from glass of refractive index 1.72 to produce dispersion without
deviation. The angle of the prism P2 is :
(A) 5.33o
(B) 4o
(C) 3o
(D) 2.6o

13.

Focal lengths of two lenses are f and f and dispersive powers of their materials are . To
form achromatic combination from these, which relation is correct?
(A) = 0, = 20, f = 2f
(B) = w0, = 20, f = 2f
(C) = 0, = 20, f =f/2
(D) = 0, = 20, f = f/2.

14.

For which colour the angle of deviation is the least?


(A) Violet
(B) Blue
(C) Red
(D) Yellow

15.

A liquid is placed in a hollow prism of angle 60 o. If angle of the minimum deviation is 30 o,


what is the refractive index of the liquid?
(A) 1.41
(B) 1.50
(C) 1.65
(D) 1.95

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LEVEL-II
1.

The focal lengths of a convex lens for blue and red colours of light are f b and fr respectively
and those of a concave lens are Fb and Fr. Then;
(A) fb > fr and Fb < Fr
(B) fb < fr and Fb > Fr
(C) fb > fr and Fb > Fr
(D) fb < fr and Fb < Fr

2.

A convex lens, a glass slab, a glass prism and a spherical solid ball have been prepared
from the same optically transparent material. Dispersive power will be possessed by:
(A) the glass slab and the prism
(B) the lens and the solid ball
(C) the prism only
(D) all the four

3.

A beam of light consisting of red, green and blue


colours is incident on a right-angled prism. The
refractive indices of the material of prism for the above
red, green and blue wavelengths are 1.39, 1.44 and
1.47 respectively. The prism will:

45o

(A) separate part of the red colour from the green and blue colours
(B) separate part of the blue colour from the red and green colours
(C) separate all the three colours from one another
(D) not separate even partially any colour from the other two colours.
4.

A prism can produce a minimum deviation in a light beam. It three such prisms are
combined, the minimum deviation that can be produced in this beam is:
(A) 0
(B)
(C) 2
(D) 3

5.

A beam of white light is incident on a hollow prism of glass. Then :


(A) The light emerging from prism gives no spectrum
i
(B) The light emerging from prism gives spectrum but
the bending of all colours is a away from base.
White
light
(C) The light emerging from prism gives spectrum, all the
colours bend towards base, the violet most and red
the least.
(D) The light emerging from prism gives spectrum, all the
colours bend towards base, the violet the least and
red the most.

6.

An equilateral triangular prism is made of glass ( = 1.5). A ray of light is incident normally on
one of the faces. The angle between the incident and emergent ray is :
(A) 60o
(B) 90o
o
(C) 120
(D) 180o

7.

A prism of refractive index g deviates the incident ray towards it base. If it is immersed in a
transparent liquid of refractive index such that > g then the prism would:
(A) Deviate the ray towards its base
(B) Deviate the ray away from its base
(C) Not deviate the ray at all
(D) Nothing can be said

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8.

A thin prism of glass is placed in air and water successively. If ag = 3/2 and
aw = 4/3, then the deviation produced by the prism for a small angle of incidence when
placed in air and water is :
(A) 9 : 8
(B) 4 : 3
(C) 3 : 4
(D) 4 : 1

9.

The angle of a prism is 30o. The rays incident at 60 o on one refracting face suffer a deviation
of 30o. Then the angle of emergence is :
(A) 0o
(B) 30o
o
(C) 60
(D) 90o

10.

P is a small angled prism of angle 3 o made of a material of


refractive index 1.5. A ray of light is incident as shown in
figure. M is a plane mirror. The angle of deviation for the
ray reflected from the mirror M with respect to the incident
ray is :
(A) 4.5o
(B) 175.3o
o
(C) 177
(D) 178.5o

11.

The face PR of a prism PQR of angle 30 is silvered. A ray


is incident on face PQ at an angle of 45 o as shown in
figure. The refracted ray undergoes reflection on face PR
and retraces its path. The refractive index of the prism is :
(A) 2
(C) 1.5

(B) 3/2
(D) 1.33

45o

90o

12.

In Youngs double-slit experiment, the separation between the slits is halved and the
distance between the slits and screen is doubled: The fringe-width will
(A) remain unchanged
(B) be halved
(C) be doubled
(D) be four times.

13.

In Youngs double slit experiment interference is produced due to slits distance d metre
apart. The fringe pattern is observed on a screen distant D metre from the slits. If in metre,
denotes, the wavelengths of light, the number of fringes per metre of the screen is :
(A) D/d
(B) d/D
(C) d/D
(D) D/d

14.

Two coherent monochromatic light beams of intensities I and 4I are superposed. The
maximum and minimum possible intensities in the resulting beam are:
(A) 5 I and I
(B) 9 I and I
(C) 5 I and 3 I
(D) 9 I and 3 I

15.

In Youngs double slit experiment the 7th maximum with wavelength 1 is at a distance d1 and
that with wavelength 2 is at distance d2. Then d1/d2 is
(A) 1/2
(B) 2/1
2
2
(C) 1 / 2
(D) 22 / 21

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ANSWERS

SUBJECTIVE
LEVEL - I
1.
2.

7
(a) 0. 5 mm

(b) 20

3.

(a) ( - 1)t

(b)

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

9
81 : 1
15 cm from pole, image length equals 5 cm
minimum value of i = 100 8'
5
2f, 4f

10.

(a) H

(b) H

2 1

1
3

above itself, H below itself


2
2

1
3
below itself, H 1
below itself
1
2
2

11.

26.7 cm

12.

14.

Image will form at object itself.

D
d2 D2
(a) zero
(b)
when d < < D
4d
4d
20 cm

15.

48

13.

LEVEL - II
1.

(a) 280 m

(b) 560 m

3.

(a) 25

4.

(a)

5.

190 cm from the lens.

6.

12.5 cm

7.

v = 0.6 m, d = 0.003 m

8.

1.6

9.

3D

10.

25 cm.

11.

r = 41, 136

12.

52/9 cm

13.

f = +40 cm, (b a) = 60 cm

14.

1 = 90o , 2 = 48.2o, 3 = 70.5o , 4 = 0o and points symmterically located in other


quadrants.

15.

40, 0.040

2.

(a) 400 nm, 667 nm

(b) 500 n m

(b) 15
2

(b) Total internal reflection does not takes place at one of the surface.

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OBJECTIVE
LEVEL- I
1.

2.

3.

4.

B, D

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

A
LEVEL- II

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

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