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PH - MP - 32

ASSIGNMENTS
SUBJECTIVE
LEVEL - I
1.

The half life of radon is 3.8 days. After how many days will only one twentieth of radon
sample be left over ?

2.

Monochromatic light of wave length 5 10-5 cm illuminates a metal surface (work function
= 2.0 eV). Calculate
(a) threshold wavelength
(b) maximum energy of photoelectrons
(c) minimum retarding potential to prevent photo emission.

3.

Light is incident on the cathode of a photocell and the stopping voltages are measured for
lights of two different wavelengths as shown in data below. Determine the work function of
the metal of cathode in eV. Also determine the value of the constant from given data.
: 4000
4500
V : 1.3 V
0.9 V

4.

A beam of light has three wavelengths 4144 , 4972 and 6216 with a total intensity of
3.6 10-3 W/m2, equally distributed amongst the three wavelengths. The beam falls on an
area 1 cm2 of a clean metallic surface of workfunction 2.3 eV. Assume that there is no loss
of light by reflection and that each energetically capable photon ejects one electron.
Calculate the number of photo electrons liberated in 2 seconds.

5.

A hydrogen atom in its ground state is excited by incident light having a continuous
spectrum with all wavelengths 975 A0. How many lines are observed in the resulting
spectrum?

6.

An X-rays tube operates at 20 kV. Find the maximum speed of the electrons striking the
anticathode, given the charge of electron = 1.6 10-19 coulomb and mass of electron
= 9 10-31kg.

7.

Find the amount of energy produced in joules due to fission of 1 gram of uranium assuming
that 0.1 percent of mass is transformed into energy.
Take 1 u = 931 MeV, Mass of Uranium = 235 u, Avogadro Number NA = 6.02 1023.

8.

An electron is shot down in an X-ray tube across a potential difference 30 kV. If it collides
with a heavy massive atom of the target and loses all its energy., what is the wave length of
the X-ray produced ?

9.

The base current of a transistor is 105A and collector current is 2.05mA.


(a) Determine the value of , IE and ,
(b) A change of 27A in the base current produces a change of 0.65mA in the collector
current. Find ac.

10.

The energy of an electron in an excited hydrogen atom is 3.4eV. Calculate the angular
momentum of the electron according to Bohrs theory.

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PH - MP - 33

11.

The energy levels of a hypothetical one


electron atom are shown in the figure.
(a) Find the ionization potential of the atom.
(b) Find the short wavelength limit of the
series terminating at n = 2.
(c) Find the excitation potential for the state
n = 3.
(d)
find the wave number of the photon
emitted for the transition n = 3 to n = 1
(e) What is the minimum energy that an
electron will have after interacting with this
atom in the ground state if the initial kinetic
energy of the electron is
(i) 6eV
(ii) 11eV

n=0

0 eV

n=5
n=4

0.80
1.45eV
eV

n=3

3.08 eV

n=2

5.3 eV

n=1

15.6 eV

12.

Complete the nuclear reaction and calculate the energy released.


7
1
4
3 Li 1H (proton) 2 He ? Q
Given that the mass of lithium atom = 7.01822amu
Mass of the proton = 1.00812 a.m.u.
Mass of the particle = 4.00390 a.m.u.

13.

Find the disintegration energy Q librated in - and + decays. If the masses of the parent
atom MP, the daughter atom Md and an electron m are known.

14.

Calculate the building energy per nucleon of C 12


nucleus, if mass of proton mp = 1.0078u,
6
12
mass of neutron mn = 1.0087; mass of C , mc = 12.0000u and 1u = 931.4MeV

15.

The following information are known for a pure silicon crystal


Mobility of electrons e = 0.135 m2V-1s-1
Mobility of holes h = 0.048 m2V-1s-1
Length of crystal = 0.1m
Area of crystal A = 10-4m2
Voltage applied V = 2V
Intrinsic charge concentration of ni = 1.5106m-3
Find the total current flowing through the crystal.

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PH - MP - 34

LEVEL - II
1.

A small quantity of solution containing Na 24 radionuclide (half life 15 hours) of activity 1.0
microcurie is injected into blood of a person. A sample of blood of volume 1 cm 3 taken after 5
hours shows an activity of 296 disintegrations per minute. Determine the total volume of
blood in the body of the person. Assume that the radioactive solution mixes uniformly in the
blood of the person. (1 curie = 3.7 1010 disintegrations per second.).

2.

Light from a discharge tube containing hydrogen atoms falls on the surface of a piece of
sodium. The kinetic energy of the fastest photoelectrons emitted from sodium is 0.73 eV. The
work function for sodium is 1.82eV. Find
(a) the energy of the photons causing the photoelectric emission,
(b) the quantum numbers of the two levels involved in the emission of these photons.
(c) the change in the angular momentum of the electron in the hydrogen atom in the above
transition, and
(d) the recoil speed of the emitting sodium atom assuming to be at rest before the transition.
(Ionization potential of hydrogen is 13.6 eV).

3.

In an experiment tungsten cathode which has a threshold wavelength 9300 is irradiated by


ultraviolet light of wavelength 1800. Calculate
(a) Maximum energy of emitted photoelectrons and
(b) Work function for tungsten.
Given plancks constant h = 6.6 10-34 J-s, 1 eV = 1.6 10-19 J and velocity of light
c = 3 108 m/s.

4.

A hydrogen like atom (atomic number Z) is in a higher excited state of quantum number n.
This excited atom can make a transition to the first excited state by successively emitting two
photons of energies 10.20 eV and 17.00 eV respectively. Alternatively, the atom from the
same excited state can make a transition to the second excited state by successively
emitting two photons of energies 4.25 eV and 5.95 eV respectively. Determine the value of n
and Z. (ionization energy of hydrogen atom = 13.6 eV).

5.

A stationary He+ ion emitted a photon corresponding to the first line of the Lyman series.
That photon liberated a photoelectron from a stationary hydrogen atom in the ground state.
Find the velocity of the photoelectron.

6.

The energy of a silver atom with a vacancy in K shell is 25.31 keV, in L shell is 3.56 kev and
in M shell is 0.53 keV higher than the energy of the atom with no vacancy. Find the
frequency of K, K and L X - rays of silver.

7.

A neutron with kinetic energy T = 10 MeV activate a nuclear reaction C 12 (n, ) Be9 whose
thresold is Tth = 6.17 MeV. Find the kinetic energy of the particles outgoing at right angles
to the incoming nuetrons' direction.

8.

Calculate the current produced in a small germanium plate of area 1 cm 2 and of thickness
0.3 mm when a potential difference of 2V is applied across the faces. Given, concentration
of free electrons in Ge is 2 1019 /m3 and mobilities of electrons and holes are 0.36 m 2/V-s
and 0.17m2/V-s respectively.

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PH - MP - 35

9.

In the given circuit, the value of is 100,


VC = 24V, RL = 4.7 kRB = 220 k Find IB,
VCE, VBE and VBC when Ic = 1.5mA. Then,
determine whether the transistor is in the
active, cut off or saturation state ?

IE
IC

IB

RL

RB

1k

VC

C
VCE

B
E

IE

10.

The stopping potential for the photoelectrons emitted from a metal surface of work function
1.7eV is 10.4eV. find the wavelength of radiation used. Also identify the energy levels in the
hydrogen atom which will emit this wavelength.

11.

Hydrogen atom in its ground state is excited by means of monochromatic radiation of


wavelength 975A. How many lines are possible in the resulting emission spectrum?
Calculate the longest wavelength amongst then.

12.

A neutron moving with speed v makes a head-on collision with hydrogen atom in ground
state kept at rest. Find the minimum kinetic energy of the neutron for which inelastic
(completely or partially) collision may take place.
(mass of the neutron = mass of hydrogen = 1.6710-27kg)

13.

A 100eV electron collides with a stationary helium ion (He +) in its ground state and excites it
to a higher level. After collision He + ion emits two photons in succession with wavelength
1085A and 304A. find the quantum number of the excited state. Also calculate the energy
of the electron after collision.

14.

A particle of mass m strikes a stationary nucleus of mass M and activates an endoergic


reaction. Show that the threshold kinetic energy required to initiate this reaction is
mM
Tth =
|Q|. Where Q is the energy of the reaction.
M

15.

Find out the wavelength of the first line of the He+ ion in a spectral series whose frequency
width is = 3.3 1015/s.

FIITJEE, ICES HOUSE (Opp. VIJAY MANDAL ENCLAVE), SARVAPRIYA VIHAR, NEW DELHI - 16. Ph:6854102, 6865182, FAX: 6513942