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Team

Dr. Rajat Kumar Roy (Magnetics Department NML)


Rahul Verma

Objective
We are aiming to make a Iron based Bulk metallic Glass which have a
following properties:Fracture Strength of 5000Mpa

Saturation Magnetization= 1.5T

Large undercooling
temperature T=40-50C

Diameter=2mm

Coercivity =3Am-1

By having this configuration we can replace traditional metallic Glass with one
which have the higher fracture strength and shows an excellent soft magnetic
property with a higher saturatation magnetization without compromising
with the GFA of the Fe-BMG.

Argon arc melting


Furnace

A BMG can be made by Argon arc melting Furnace


in which the material is putted in a vacuum chamber
at 10-3Pa and then the melting is done by producing
arc thereafter sample is allowed to cool at 10 3K/sec
which result in a rod like material with length of 5cm.

It is noncrystalline in nature

Does not give rise to Braggs Peak

It is soft magnetic material

Not contain crystalline defect like point ,line ,


stacking fault etc

Low coercivity
High saturation magnetization is desirable
Tremendous hardness
High strength , light weight , high elastic strain

Wear resistance and corrosion resistance is high


More prone catastrophic failure due to formation
of macroscopic shear band

They are not thermodynamically stable means after


some time it transform back to crystalline ground
state

Degree of undercooling depend on factor like


viscosity interfacial energy, efficiency of nucleating
agent

If in BMG crystalline phase is added it will


called BMG Composite. In BMG composite
BMG is the matrix and ductile crystalline
phase is the reinforcing medium

The glass forming ability of Fe based BMG is increased by Nb , P , C , Cu etc increase the
glass forming ability by increasing the degree of undercooling and prevent crystallization
later
GFA depend upon the viscosity
Viscosity
Increases

GFA Increases

GFA Increases

CP Decreases

Addition of Nickel and Silicon lead to the improvement of Soft magnetic properties. Large
fraction of metalloid and non metallic element refractory element like Boron , Carbon are
responsible for low saturation magnetization in multicomponent alloy but they increase
the density of glass hence improve the GFA
Substituting Cu with Ni improve fatigue strength limit and fatigue ratio

Magnetic screens, magnetic filters, or valves


Magnetic cores for power supplies such as choke coils, common mode and noise filter.
Fe-based bulk glassy alloy will be used as a new engineering and functional material on
parts of micromotors, radio wave clock antennas, watch gears, and other applications
MEMS casings and components
EMP and EMI Shielding
Composite armor
Fuzes and sub-munition components
Used as a core in transformers
In aircraft to collect solar wind
Lighter weight fragmentation devices
In Biomedicine areas
Edged tool applications include knives edges and razor blade
In Tennis Racket
Electro-magnetic device casing

BMG is a good
material for
making Cutting
Tools

In Spaceships
Power inductor in laptop
As a magnetoresistance
Good corrosion resistance property make it ideal for making cutting tools
Have a brilliant scope in automobile industry because of high strength
Used as a reinforcing materials.
Fine jewellery industry is the latest one to brace BMGs due to unique
properties of BMG
In geared motors
Diaphragm for pressure sensors
Making uncrushable flash drives
Optical air drives

Argon Arc Melting


Furnace

Vibrating Sample
Magnetometry
(VSM)

We will firstly start


our work by Melting
our sample in this

Iron based alloy is melted by


this machine in an vacuum
condition . In Argon
atmosphere we melt the alloy
of iron which is allowed to cool
that result in a Fe based Rod
shaped BMG

VSM will measure the magnetic


properties
of
Iron
BMG
prepared by us. Here sample is
vibrated sinusoidally through
the help of piezoelectric
material and which will give a
hysteresis curve. Through this
we Get the value of Hc ,Is Tc

Differential Scanning
Calorimetry
(DSC)

X-Ray
Diffraction
(XRD)

After VSM we go for


DSC to evaluate
Thermal properties

In DSC difference in amount of


heat required to increase
the temperature of a sample
and reference is measured as a
function of temperature .It
measure Tg , Tx , Tl

XRD is an excellent characterizing


tool to determine whether the
crystalline phase is present or
not in materials (sharp Peak).
For Fe based BMG XRD shows a
broad peak because of non
crystalline
nature
of
the
materials.

Since we are making a Fe based BMG so our main constituent element


will be Iron and we will use especially these alloying element which are
listed below:Silicon

Copper

Nickel

Boron

Aluminium

Carbon

Chromium

Phosphorous

Cobalt

Molybednum

Niobium

Zirconium

[(Co

570

530

40

3980

0.7

327

0.71

2.5

580

540

40

4100

1.2

372

0.78

[(Co0.7Fe0.3)0.75B2Si0.05]96Nb4

3.5

587

547

40

4130

1.6

402

0.91

[(Co0.6Fe0.4)0.75B2Si0.05]96Nb4

592

550

42

4170

1.8

412

0.97

0.9Fe0.1) 0.75B2Si0.05]96Nb4

[(Co0.8Fe0.2)0.75B2Si0.05]96Nb4

Rod

Fe72B20Si4Nb4

1.5

611

544

67

294

Fe72B20Si4Nb4

612

552

60

297

Fe72B4Si20Nb4

603

556

47

Fe63Zr8Co6Al1Mo7B15

1.5

657

581

76

4200