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1. Term metabolism means the total
sum of:
A. All chemical activities taking place in
living organism of energy release or
gain in the body
B. Only energy gaining processes in the
body
C. Only energy releasing processes in
the body
D. None of these
2. All the reactions during anabolism
are:
A. Endothermic
B. Exothermic
C. Both (a) & (b)
D. None of
these
3. Thecatabolism generally included
reactions that are:
A. Endergonic
B. Exergonic
C. Endothermic
D. None of
these
4. Which of these is example of
anabolism:
A. Protein synthesis
B. Respiration
C. Both (a) & (b)
D. None of
these
5. Respiration is an example of:
A. Anabolism
B. Catabolism
C. Both (a) & (b)
D. None of
these
6. Anaerobic respiration involves partly
or wholly the process of:
A. Kreb's cycle
B. Glycolysis
C. Both (a) & (b)
D. None of
these
7. Glycolysis means:
A. Synthesis of carbohydrates
B. Formation of pyruvic acid from
glucose
C. Formation of glucose from glycogen
D. None of these
8. Process of glycogenesis is:

A. Synthesis of glycogen from excess


glucose and monosaccharides
B. Synthesis of carbohydrates
C. Formation of glucose in the body
D. All of these
9. Process of glycogenolys is means:
A. Breakdown of glycogen into glucose
B. Formation of carbohydrates
C. Formation of glucose
D. None of these
10. Which hormone controls process of
glycogenesis:
A. Insulin
B. Glucagon
C. Both (a) & (b)
D. None of
these
11. Kreb's cycle means:
A. Formation of citric acid with acetyl
CoA and oxaloacetic acid and then
transformation of it to form oxaloaetic
acid again
B. Formation of pyruvic acid from
anaerobic oxidation of glucose
C. Both (a) & (b)
D. None of these
12. Kerb's cycle begins with:
A. Lysine
B. Corticoids
C. Pyruvic acid
D. None of these
13. BMR in an adult male human ranges
from:
A. 500 - 1000 Cals B. 750 - 1000 Cals
C. 1000 - 1200 Cals
D.
1000
2000 Cals
14. In a woman BMR ranges from:
A. 500 - 1000 Cals B. 750 - 1000 Cals
C. 1000 - 1700 Cals
D. None of
these
15. BMR in our body means:
A. Total energy exchanges of cell or
organism as a whole
B. Minimum energy required to maintain
normal activities at complete rest in a
warm atmosphere of 12 - 18 hour of
food intake
C. Both (a) & (b)

D. None of these
16. Synthesis of glycogen from sugars
within the liver is called:
A. Glycolysis
B. Glycogenesis
C. Glycogenolysis D. None of these
17. Conversion of ATP into ADP would
release:
A. Enzymes B. Energy
C. Hormone D. None of these
18. A reaction when a cell absorbs
energy from environment can denoted
as:
A. ADP + P = ATP B. ADP + AMP = ATP
C. AMP + P = ADP D. ATP = ADP + P
19. Main source of energy in animal cell
is:
A. Blood
B. Liver
C.
MitochondriaD.
ATP
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20.
Which one is correct sequence of
reaction during glycogenesis:
A.
Glucose
B.
Glucose
C.
Glucose
fructose-1-PO4Fructose-6-PO4-glycogen D.
None of
these

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21.
The correct sequence of reactions
during glycogenolysis is:
A.
Glucose
B.
Glycogen
C.
Glucose - glucose-6-PO4-glucose1-PO4-glycogen
D.
None of these
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22.
Which of these is correct ATP
production out of oxidation of one
molecule of glucose:
A.
38
B.
36
C.
40
D.
42
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23.
Number
of
ATP
molecules
synthesized out of reaction 2, acetyl
CoA - 4CO2
A.
24
B.
20
C.
16
D.
36
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24.
Which one is important in
oxidative and fat metabolism:
A.
Glucose
B.
Pyruvic acid
C.
Acetyl CoA D.
None of these
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25.
Common
phase
between
anaerobic and aerobic respiration is:
A.
Kreb's cycle B.
Glycolysis
C.
Oxidative
phosphorylation
D.
Citric acid cycle
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26.
Energy in hydrolysis, is released
as:
A.
Kinetic energy
B.
Potential energy
C.
Heat D.
Light
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27.
Maximum energy from glucose
can be obtained by:
A.
Alchohol fermentation
B.
Lactic acid
C.
Kreb's cycle D.
None of these
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28.
In the process of respiration, the
pyruvic acid formed during Glycolysis is:
A.
Broken down to two carbon
fragments B.
One of the product
of Kreb's cycle
C.
A product of protein catabolism
D.
Formed only when oxygen
is available
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29.
The significance of the Kreb's
cycle lies in:
A.
Formation of vitamins in the
animal
B.
Formation of ATP
through oxidative phosphorylation
C.
Formation of amino acids D.
None of these
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30.
Which of these catalyze the
metaboliic reactions in our body:
A.
Enzymes
B.
Hormones
C.
Proteins
D.
None of these

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31.
The
common
point
in
all
metabolic pathway is:
A.
Lactic acid B.
Pyruvic acid
C.
Citric acid
D.
Acrtyl CoA
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32.
Which of these is rich in catabolic
enzymes and has electron transport
system:
A.
Golgi complex
B.
Mitochondria
C.
Centrosome D.
Nucleus
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33.
Before
combining
with
oxaloacetic acid the pyruvic acid in
Kreb's cycle is transformed into:
A.
Lacitc acid B.
Acetyl CoA
C.
Cis-aconitic acid
D.
None of
these
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34.
ATP (adinosine tri phosphate) is:
A.
An enzyme B.
A hormone
C.
A protein
D.
An energy rich
compound
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35.
Which of these is formed both
during Kreb's cycle and deamination of
amino acids:
A.
Cirtic acid
B.
Alphaketogluteric acid
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these
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36.
Besides
normal
glycolytic
pathway, the pyruvic acid can be also
formed in the body by:
A.
Deamination of alanine B.
Transamination

C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these
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37.
Citric acid cycle was worked out
by:
A.
Waeburg
B.
Kreb
C.
Meyerhof
D.
None of these
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38.
Which of these is odd than rest of
three:
A.
Citric acid cycle
B.
Kreb's
cycle
C.
Tricarboxylic acid cycle
D.
Glycolytic pathway
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39.
Last step in the Kreb's cycle is the
breakdown of:
A.
Fumeric acid B.
Malic acid
C.
Oxaloacetic acid
D.
Citric
acid
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40.
First stage in the utilization of
glucose concludes in the formation of:
A.
Pyruvic acid B.
Acetyl CoA
C.
Oxaloacetic acid
D.
Malic
acid

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41.
Our body can also use proteins
but for that the proteins are first
deaminated within the:
A.
Kidney
B.
Spleen
C.
Liver D.
Muscles
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42.
We
need
carbohydrates
for
energy and can get it from:
A.
StarchB.
Cellulose
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these
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43.
Main source in our body for
bioenergy is:
A.
ADP + P = ATP
B.
FAD
C.
NAD D.
ATP
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44.
Energy obtained in a cell by
catabolic reactions is directly stored in:
A.
DNA B.
DPN
C.
ATP D.
FMN
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45.
Energy produced from one gram
of:
A.
Is highest in wheat starch B.
Is
highest in rice starch
C.
Is highest in potato starchD.
Is
same in all of these
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46.
Commonest intermediate source
of energy and important means of
energy in cellular activity is:
A.
ATP B.
DNA
C.
NAD D.
Glucose
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47.
Which of these substances will be
different characteristically in different
animal species:
A.
Carbohydrates
B.
Proteins
C.
Fats D.
All of these
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48.
Energy rich compound that it is
formed during the process of biological
oxidation of glucose is:
A.
Pyruvic acid B.
Adenosine tri
phosphate
C.
Acetoacetic acid
D.
Adenosine mono phosphate
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49.
Formation of fats in the body of
man begins when:
A.
Our blood sugar level is constant
B.
Glucose
in
body
is
converted into glycogen
C.
Liver and muscles cannot store
any more glycogen D.
Glucose
combines with flycerol
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50.
Formation of fat from glucose
begins in order to:
A.
Remove the excess of fatty acids
from blood circulation
B.
Relieve
liver from excess of glycogen
C.
Keep constancy of blood sugar
level D.
All of these

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51.
High energy compounds are
those which:
A.
Link exergonic and endergonic
reactions
B.
Are
produced
in
respiration process only
C.
Are produced when ATP losses
two molecules of phosphates
D.
Are none of these
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52.
The energy yielded by complete
oxidation of 1 gram mole of glucose is:
A.
6860000 calories B.
686000
calories
C.
68600 calories
D.
686
calories
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53.
Which will be donor in energy
transfer process from ADP to ATP:
A.
Inorganic phosphate
B.
Glucose phosphate
C.
ADP D.
ATP
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54.
Which of these substances will
yield twice the amount of energy as
compared to equivalent weight of
carbohydrate:
A.
Proteins
B.
Fats
C.
Minerals
D.
Vitamins
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55.
Energy stored as reserve food in
our body within the:
A.
Liver B.
Spleen
C.
Adipose tissue
D.
None of
these
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56.
A sum of the constructive
processes in our body is called:

A.
Anabolism B.
Catabolism
C.
BMR D.
Metabolism
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57.
Mitochondria are regarded as
'power' house of the cell' since they:
A.
Generate the electricity B.
Store energy in ATP
C.
Have Kerb's cycle inside them
D.
Have none of these
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58.
Amino groups of excess of amino
acids are converted into urea within the:
A.
Kidney
B.
Liver
C.
Spleen
D.
All of these
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59.
Double energy is produced from 1
gram of:
A.
Fats B.
Sugars
C.
Proteins
D.
None of these
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60.
ATP is synthesized within:
A.
MitochondriaB.
Endoplasmic
reticulum
C.
Ribosome
D.
None of these

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61.
Metebolic rate of a man can be
increased by giving an injection of:
A.
Testesterone B.
Thyroxine
C.
Growth hormone D.
All
of
these
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62.
Net gain of ATP molecules in
breakdown of one molecule of glucose
into two monecules of pyruvic acid
molecules is:
A.
Two B.
Four
C.
Thirty six
D.
Thirty eight
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63.
Which of these is readily available
source of biological energy:
A.
Glycogen
B.
Fat
C.
Glucose
D.
Adenosine
triphosphate
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64.
The glucose is broken finally into
H2O and CO2 in which of these:
A.
MitochondriaB.
Sarcosomes
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these
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65.
In our body the storage of
carbohydrates is done in form of:
A.
Lactic acid in the muscles B.
Glycogen in muscles and liver
C.
Pyruvic acid in each cell D.
None of these
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66.
BMR abbreviation means:
A.
Bone
marrow
regeneration
B.
Basal metabolic rate
C.
Birth-mortality rate D.
Basal
malpighian-reabsorption

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67.
In anaerobic condition the energy
in the cell is produced by degradation of
glucose into:
A.
Citric acid
B.
Lactic acid
C.
Ethyl alchohol
D.
CO2 +
H2O
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68.
Kreb's cycle eventually leads to:
A.
Storage of energy in ATP B.
Storage of energy in ADP
C.
Liberation of energy
D.
Liberation of energy from ATP
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69.
In the process of Glycolysis the
glucose is converted into:
A.
Pyruvic acid B.
Glycogen
C.
Glycon
D.
None of these
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70.
As a result of Glycolysis in the
body:
A.
Glucose
is
converted
into
glycogen
B.
Glycogen
is
converted into glucose
C.
Glucose is transformed into
pyruvic acid D.
Pyruvic
acid
is
transformed into citric acid

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71.
Anaerobic respiration is a kind of:
A.
Fermentation
B.
Incomplete oxidation
C.
Anabolism D.
None of these
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72.
Process of deriving glucose from
sources other than carbohydrates is
called:
A.
Glucogenesis
B.
Gluconeogenesis
C.
Glucolysis
D.
None of these
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73.
In case of more intake of food,
the surplus is deposited as:
A.
Fats B.
Glycogen
C.
Proteins
D.
Glycogen and
Fat
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74.
Formation
of
glucose
from
glycogen is termed:
A.
Glycogenesis and occurs within
liver B.
Glycogenolysis and occurs
within liver
C.
Gluconeogenesis
and
occurs
within the liver
D.
Glycolysis and
occurs within liver
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75.
Matabolic rate in animal during
hibernation will be:
A.
Enhanced
B.
Falling to a
low level
C.
Unchanged D.
None of these
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76.
Energy gained through serobic
respuation of 1 molecule of glucose
during cellular respiration is sufficient to
produce:

A.
30 ATP
B.
36 ATP
C.
38 ATP
D.
24 ATP
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77.
Carbohydrate
metabolishm is
controlled by:
A.
Hormones from pancreas B.
Diabetogenic
hormones
from
pituitary
C.
Thyroxine from thyroid
D.
All of these
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78.
Which one of these brings an
increase in the rate of carbohydrate
metabolism:
A.
Thyroxine
B.
Pitressin
C.
Acrtycholine D.
None of these
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79.
Which of these glands influence
carbohydrate metabolism through their
hormones:
A.
Adrenal cortex
B.
Pituitary
C.
Thyroid
D.
All of them
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80.
Which of these from adrenal
cortex influence the carbohydrate
metabolism:
A.
Minralocorticoids B.
Glucocorticoids
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these

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81.
Lipogenesis in our body occurs
when:
A.
Storing capacity of glycogen and
carbohydrates exhausts in liver and
muscles
B.
Proteins are taken in
large amounts
C.
Glycogenesis is decreased in
body D.
None of these factors exist
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82.
During lipogenesis in our body:
A.
Glucose is broken down to
pyruvic acid and then to acetyl CoA
which polymerises into long chain fatty
acids B.
Glucose is converted to
glycogen which later polymerises to
fatty acids
C.
There is reduction in the protein
contents of the body
D.
None of
these occur
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83.
Impaired secretion of glucogon in
our body will:
A.
Increase glycogenolysis B.
Decrease glycogenolysis
C.
Decrease glycogenesis
D.
Bring no change of these types
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84.
Which are the substances that
can be used for glycogenesis:
A.
Glucose
B.
Fructose
C.
Galactose
D.
All of these
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85.
Reason
for
yielding
double
amount of energy by fats is:
A.
That one fatty acid forms two
molecules of acetyl CoA on oxidation

B.
Fatty aids are readily
converted into glucose
C.
Fatty acids undergo lipogenesis
which increases carbohydrae intake
D.
None of these
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86.
Which
of
these
increases
gluconeogenesis in our body:
A.
Cytosol
B.
Cortisols
C.
Cholesterol D.
None of these
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87.
Acceleration
of
carbohydrae
metabolism is done by:
A.
Insulin
B.
Pericillin
C.
Biotin D.
Adenine
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88.
Which of these processes are
accelerated
by
insulin
during
carbohydrate metabolism:
A.
Gluconeogenesis B.
Carbohydrate oxidation
C.
Conversion of carbohydrates in
the fats
D.
All of these process
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89.
During carbohydrate metabolism
the insulin helps in:
A.
Glycogenesis
B.
Utilization
of
sugars
with
formation of intermediate products
C.
Both of these processes D.
None of these processes
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90.
Which of these is formed during
deamination of amino acids in the liver:
A.
Ammonia
B.
Carbondioxide
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these

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91.
Protein metabolism in our body is
controlled by:
A.
Thyroxine
B.
ACTH
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these
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92.
Ammonia is formed more during
the condition of acidosis in body
because it:
A.
Neutralizes the acids
B.
It
increases CO2 disposal
C.
Reduces deamination process in
body D.
Has no such role
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93.
Which of these are formed during
catabolism of proteins within our body:
A.
Ammonia
B.
Urea
C.
Creatinine D.
All of these
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94.
When liver fat contents of our
body increase then the condition leads
to:
A.
Fatty liver
B.
Necros liver
C.
Jaundice
D.
None of them
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95.
In fatty liver the fat contents are:
A.
1-2% B.
4-5%
C.
30-40%
D.
10-15%
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96.
Which of these regulate the fat
metabolism in our body:
A.
Hypophysis B.
Sexual glands
C.
Thyroid, pancreas and adrenals
D.
All of these
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97.
Glycerol is metabolized in which
of the following ways:
A.
It is phosphorylated to form 3phosphoglyceraldehyde which enters
glycolytic pathway B.
It is dissolved
in water and reted out by kidney
C.
It is converted to flycogen and
stored D.
It is metabolized in none of
these ways
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98.
Term intermediary metabolism
means:
A.
Linking of carbohydrate, protein
and fat metabolisms
B.
Utilization
of
intermediate
products of any metabolism
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these
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99.
Example
of
intermediary
metabolism may be sited by:
A.
Formation of pyruvic acid from
glucose, amino acid, deamination of
amino acids and phosphorylation of
glycerol
yielding
3-phosphogly
ceraldehyde B.
Formation of alphaketogluteric acid from pyruvic acid
through Kreb's cycle, deamination of
glutamic acid and from acetyl CoA
formed by oxidation of fatty acids
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these
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100. All the processes in metabolism
are:
A.
Only exergonic
B.
Only
endergonic
C.
Both (a) & (b)
D.
None of
these