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MCQ 13.1

MCQ 13.4

A statement about a population developed for the

purpose of testing is called:

Any statement whose validity is tested on the

basis of a sample is called:

(a) Hypothesis

(a) Null hypothesis

(b) Hypothesis testing

(b) Alternative hypothesis

(c) Level of significance

(c) Statistical hypothesis

(d) Test-statistic

(b) Simple hypothesis

The hypothesis is the supposition that we want to


In the statistical hypothesis we receive most of the

parameters, so we can test a sample within those

MCQ 13.2
Any hypothesis which is tested for the purpose of
rejection under the assumption that it is true is

MCQ 13.5

(a) Null hypothesis

(a) Research hypothesis

(b) Alternative hypothesis

(b) Composite hypothesis

(c) Statistical hypothesis

(c) Simple hypothesis

(d) Composite hypothesis

(d) Statistical hypothesis

The Null hypothesis serves as counter-weight in

order to prove the alternative hypothesis.

A statistical hypothesis is an assumption about a

population parameter

MCQ 13.3

MCQ 13.6

A statement about the value of a population

parameter is called:

A statement that is accepted if the sample data

provide sufficient evidence that the null
hypothesis is false is called:

(a) Null hypothesis

A quantitative statement about a population is


(b) Alternative hypothesis

(a) Simple hypothesis

(c) Simple hypothesis

(b) Composite hypothesis

(d) Composite hypothesis

(c) Statistical hypothesis

In the null hypothesis we do not have all the

parameters so we try to approximate it.

(d) Alternative hypothesis

The alternative hypothesis is the one that we want

(d) None of the above

The alternative hypothesis is also called:

Its simple hypothesis because in its included a

parameter in the statement

(a) Null hypothesis

MCQ 13.11

(b) Statistical hypothesis

A hypothesis may be classified as:

MCQ 13.7

(c) Research hypothesis

(a) Simple

(d) Simple hypothesis

(b) Composite

The research hypothesis is the assumption upon

the outcome of an experiment.

(c) Null

MCQ 13.8

The simple and the composite are types of

hypothesis based on the information used in the

A hypothesis that specifies all the values of

parameter is called:
(a) Simple hypothesis
(b) Composite hypothesis
(c) Statistical hypothesis
(d) None of the above

(d) All of the above

MCQ 13.12
The probability of rejecting the null hypothesis
when it is true is called:
(a) Level of confidence
(b) Level of significance

From the simple hypothesis we can prove


(c) Power of the test

MCQ 13.9

(d) Difficult to tell

The hypothesis 10 is a:

The level of confidence is used to calculate the

critical value.

(a) Simple hypothesis

(b) Composite hypothesis
(c) Alternative hypothesis
(d) Difficult to tell.

MCQ 13.13
The dividing point between the region where the
null hypothesis is rejected and the region where it
is not rejected is said to be:

Because in order to describe the hypothesis we

must have more information.

(a) Critical region

MCQ 13.10

(c) Acceptance region

If a hypothesis specifies the population

distribution is called:

(d) Significant region

(b) Critical value

(a) Simple hypothesis

The critical value defines the regions of

acceptance and rejection.

(b) Composite hypothesis

MCQ 13.14

(c) Alternative hypothesis

If the critical region is located equally in both

sides of the sampling distribution of test-statistic,
the test is called:

(d) All of the above

(a) One tailed

As we base our decisions in the alternative

hypothesis, the value that we want to test is on the
left side.

(b) Two tailed

MCQ 13.18

(c) Right tailed

Testing Ho: = 25 against H1: 20 leads to:

(d) Left tailed

(a) Two-tailed test

We use two tail when our null hypothesis states an (b) Left-tailed test
(c) Right-tailed test
MCQ 13.15
(d) Neither (a), (b) and (c)
The choice of one-tailed test and two-tailed test
depends upon:

As we are testing an equality, we must search for

the experimental value in both sides.

(a) Null hypothesis

MCQ 13.19

(b) Alternative hypothesis

(c) None of these

A rule or formula that provides a basis for testing

a null hypothesis is called:

(d) Composite hypotheses

(a) Test-statistic

In the alternative we base our decisions because

its the one that we want to succeed.

(b) Population statistic

MCQ 13.16

(d) None of the above

Test of hypothesis Ho: = 50 against H1: > 50

leads to:

Its also called hypothesis test, and it helps us to

know if our approximation is correct.

(a) Left-tailed test

MCQ 13.20

(b) Right-tailed test

The range of test statistic-Z is:

(c) Two-tailed test

(a) 0 to 1

(d) Difficult to tell

(b) -1 to +1

Because we want to know if the value is going to

be beyond the critical value on the right side.

(c) 0 to

MCQ 13.17
Test of hypothesis Ho: = 20 against H1: < 20
leads to:

(c) Both of these

(d) - to +
The tails never touch the x vertex.
MCQ 13.21

(a) Right one-sided test

The range of test statistic-t is:

(b) Left one-sided test

(a) 0 to

(c) Two-sided test

(b) 0 to 1

(c) - to +

(c) Best decision

(d) -1 to +1

(d) All of the above

The t student follows the same principle of that of

the Z.

Is when we do not accept as correct that in fact is


MCQ 13.22

MCQ 13.26

If Ho is true and we reject it is called:

1 is also called:

(a) Type-I error

(b) Type-II error
(c) Standard error
(d) Sampling error

(a) Confidence coefficient

(b) Power of the test
(c) Size of the test
(d) Level of significance

Is the alfa error

The confidence coefficient is the complement of the

level of significance.

MCQ 13.23

MCQ 13.27

The probability associated with committing type-I

error is:

1 is the probability associated with:


(a) Type-I error

(b) Type-II error


(c) Level of confidence

(c) 1

(d) Level of significance

(d) 1

The level of confidence is calculated as 1 minus alfa.

MCQ 13.24

MCQ 13.28

A failing student is passed by an examiner, it is an

example of:

Area of the rejection region depends on:

(a) Type-I error

(b) Size of

(b) Type-II error

(c) Test-statistic

(c) Unbiased decision

(d) Number of values

(d) Difficult to tell

The size of alfa is based on the level of confidence we

want to achieve.

Its the most tragic error, and it happens when we

accept something wrong as correct.

(a) Size of

MCQ 13.29

MCQ 13.25

Size of critical region is known as:

A passing student is failed by an examiner, it is an

example of:


(a) Type-I error

(c) Critical value

(b) Type-II error

(d) Size of the test

(b) 1 -

The size of the test is where we can accept the null


As the level of significance is a probability, the level o

significance must lie between 0 and 1.

MCQ 13.30

MCQ 13.34

A null hypothesis is rejected if the value of a test

statistic lies in the:

Critical region is also called:

(a) Rejection region

(b) Acceptance region
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)

(a) Acceptance region

(b) Rejection region
(c) Confidence region
(d) Statistical region

The rejection region is were alfa is.

The rejection region goes from the critical value to


MCQ 13.31

MCQ 13.35

The test statistic is equal to:

The probability of rejecting Ho when it is false is



(a) Power of the test


(b) Size of the test

(c) Level of confidence



(d) Confidence coefficient

The test statistics is divided over the standard

error of the statistics.

The power of a test is also called statistical power and

it refers to the probability the test correctly rejects the
null hypothesis.

MCQ 13.32

MCQ 13.36

Level of significance is also called:

(a) Power of the test
(b) Size of the test
(c) Level of confidence
(d) Confidence coefficient
The size of the test tells us how big is going to be the
rejection area.

MCQ 13.33
Level of significance lies between:
(a) -1 and +1
(b) 0 and 1
(c) 0 and n
(d) - to +

Power of a test is related to:

(a) Type-I error
(b) Type-II error
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) and (b)
Because as we reject Ho when its false we assure to
prove correct Ha.
MCQ 13.37
In testing hypothesis + is always equal to:
(a) One
(b) Zero
(c) Two
(d) Difficult to tell

The two types of errors are complements.

MCQ 13.42

MCQ 13.38

The chance of rejecting a true hypothesis decreases

when sample size is:

The significance level is the risk of:

(a) Rejecting Ho when Ho is correct
(b) Rejecting Ho when H1 is correct
(c) Rejecting H1 when H1 is correct
(d) Accepting Ho when Ho is correct.
As the significance level goes narrower, the probability
of having the first type of error increases.
MCQ 13.39
An example in a two-sided alternative hypothesis is:

(a) Decreased
(b) Increased
(c) Constant
(d) Both (a) and (b)
As we get more data, we can get closer to the
MCQ 13.43
The equality condition always appears in:

(a) H1: < 0

(a) Null hypothesis

(b) H1: > 0

(b) Simple hypothesis

(c) H1: 0

(c) Alternative hypothesis

(d) H1: 0

(d) Both (a) and (b)

The two sided hypothesis is used when an equality is


My teacher told me.

MCQ 13.44

MCQ 13.40

Which hypothesis is always in an inequality form?

If the magnitude of calculated value of t is less than the

tabulated value of t and H1 is two-sided, we should:

(a) Null hypothesis

(a) Reject Ho
(b) Accept H1
(c) Not reject Ho
(d) Difficult to tell

(b) Alternative hypothesis

(c) Simple hypothesis
(d) Composite hypothesis
If the null hypothesis is always is presented as the
equality, the alternative hypothesis must the contrary.

We cannot reject Ho because it would lie in the test


MCQ 13.45

MCQ 13.41

(a) o

Accepting a null hypothesis Ho:

(b) o

(a) Proves that Ho is true

(c) = o

(b) Proves that Ho is false

(d) o

(c) Implies that Ho is likely to be true

(d) Proves that 0
In fact, we dont really know if its true, we only know
that Ha is false. If we want to prove otherwise we
would have to test Ha and Ho the other way around.

Which of the following is composite hypothesis?

The composite hypothesis is used when we want to

partitionate the parameter space.
MCQ 13.46
P (Type I error) is equal to:

(a) 1

MCQ 13.51

(b) 1

Students t-test is applicable only when:


(a) n30 and is known


(b) n>30 and is unknown

Alfa also means level of signifance which is related to

the type one error.

(c) n=30 and is known

MCQ 13.47
P (Type II error) is equal to:
(c) 1
(d) 1
MCQ 13.48
The power of the test is equal to:

(d) All of the above

If the variance known, we should use Z.
MCQ 13.52
Students t-statistic is applicable in case of:
(a) Equal number of samples
(b) Unequal number of samples
(c) Small samples
(d) All of the above
We must use t-statistics when the n is very low.
MCQ 13.53

(c) 1

Paired t-test is applicable when the observations in the

two samples are:

(d) 1

(a) Equal in number

The power of a test is the probability of rejecting Ho

when its false.

(b) Paired

MCQ 13.49
The degree of confidence is equal to:

(c) Correlation
(d) All of the above
MCQ 13.54


The degree of freedom for paired t-test based on n

pairs of observations is:

(c) 1

(a) 2n - 1

(d) 1

(b) n - 2

MCQ 13.50

(c) 2(n - 1)

/ 2 is called:

(d) n 1

(a) One tailed significance level

v= n-1

(b) Two tailed significance level

MCQ 13.55

(c) Left tailed significance level

The test-statistic has df = ________:

(d) Right tailed significance level

(a) n

/ 2 is for two tailed tests because the significance

level must be shared between the two critical values.

(b) n - 1

(c) n - 2

(d) Coefficient of variation

(d) n1 + n2 2

The standard error is the standard deviation over the n

root squared.

v = n-1
MCQ 13.56
In an unpaired samples t-test with sample sizes n1= 11
and n2= 11, the value of tabulated t should be obtained

MCQ 13.60
Students t-distribution has (n-1) d.f. when all the n
observations in the sample are:
(a) Dependent

(a) 10 degrees of freedom

(b) Independent

(b) 21 degrees of freedom

(c) Maximum

(c) 22 degrees of freedom

(d) Minimum

(d) 20 degrees of freedom

MCQ 13.61

Only if the variances are equal.

The number of independent values in a set of values is


MCQ 13.57
In analyzing the results of an experiment involving
seven paired samples, tabulated t should be obtained
(a) 13 degrees of freedom
(b) 6 degrees of freedom
(c) 12 degrees of freedom
(d) 14 degrees of freedom
MCQ 13.58
The mean difference between 16 paired observations is
25 and the standard deviation of differences is 10. The
value of statistic-t is:
(a) 4
(b) 10
(c) 16
(d) 25
MCQ 13.59
Statistic-t is defined as deviation of sample mean from
population mean expressed in terms of:
(a) Standard deviation
(b) Standard error
(c) Coefficient of standard deviation

(a) Test-statistic
(b) Degree of freedom
(c) Level of significance
(d) Level of confidence
The degree of freedom is v=n-1
MCQ 13.62
The purpose of statistical inference is:
(a) To collect sample data and use them to formulate
hypotheses about a population
(b) To draw conclusion about populations and then
collect sample data to support the conclusions
(c) To draw conclusions about populations from
sample data
(d) To draw conclusions about the known value of
population parameter
We can estimate the parameters from the sample data.
MCQ 13.63
Suppose that the null hypothesis is true and it is
rejected, is known as:
(a) A type-I error, and its probability is
(b) A type-I error, and its probability is
(c) A type-II error, and its probability is

(d) A type-Il error, and its probability is

Its alfa because it correponds to he first error.
MCQ 13.64
An advertising agency wants to test the hypothesis that
the proportion of adults in Pakistan who read a Sunday
Magazine is 25 percent. The null hypothesis is that the
proportion reading the Sunday Magazine is:

(d) As the t-distribution with n1 + n2 - 2 degrees of

When two populations are normal, the difference
between them is also going to be normal.
MCQ 13.67
If the population proportion equals po, then is

(a) Different from 25%

(a) As a standard normal variable, if n > 30

(b) Equal to 25%

(b) As a Poisson variable

(c) Less than 25 %

(c) As the t-distribution with v= n 1 degrees of


(d) More than 25 %

As the alternative hypothesis never carries the equality,
the null must be equal to 25%.

(d) As a distribution with v degrees of freedom

If the variance is unknown, we could use t.

MCQ 13.65

MCQ 13.68

If the mean of a particular population is o, is


When is known, the hypothesis about population

mean is tested by:

(a) As a standard normal variable, if the population is


(a) t-test

(b) As a standard normal variable, if the sample is


(c) 2-test

(c) As a standard normal variable, if the population is

(d) As the t-distribution with v = n - 1 degrees of
According to the central limit theorem, if any sample is
big enough it would be destributed normal.

(b) Z-test

(d) F-test
If unknown we use t.
MCQ 13.69
Given o = 130, = 150, = 25 and n = 4; what test
statistics is appropriate?
(a) t

MCQ 13.66

(b) Z

If 1 and 2 are means of two populations, is


(c) 2

(a) As a standard normal variable, if both samples are

independent and less than 30

Because we know the variance

(b) As a standard normal variable, if both

populations are normal
(c) As both
(a) and
(b) state

(d) F

MCQ 13.70
Given Ho: = o, H1: o, = 0.05 and we reject
Ho; the absolute value of the Z-statistic must have
equaled or been beyond what value?
(a) 1.96
(b) 1.65

(c) 2.58
(d) 2.33

MCQ 13.71
If 1 and 2 are not identical, then standard error of
the difference of proportions (1 2 ) is:

MCQ 13.72
Under the hypothesis 0 : 1 = 2 , the formula for the
standard error of the difference between proportions
(1 2 ) is:
1 1
= ( + )