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The four models of communication are mechanistic, symbolic, psychological

and systems theory. For mechanistic communication, the perfect form of
communication is simply the transmission of a particular message from the
sender to the receiver. Nothing else is involved, just the act of person A
relaying information to person B. In symbolic interaction, communication is
thought to be information being transmitted between both person A and
person B, where feedback is given as a message is sent back and forth. The
problem with this method is that miscommunication can happen. With the
psychological model of communication, the focus is on the receiver being
given information, and then the receiver’s thoughts on the matter. The
person sending the information is unimportant. Finally, with the systems
theory model, communication is thought to be what becomes of information
as it is relayed through and constantly reinterpreted by multiple people. An
aspect of this theory is the closed system versus the open system, wherein a
closed system is not open to change.
Symbolic interaction:
Systems theory:

The main reason it is important to be able to communicate effectively is to
avoid miscommunication; when relaying information and spreading ideas, it
is vital the listeners receive all the facts and that nothing is stated
ambiguously or erroneously. Whether hearing information through the news
or reading about a topic for a paper, getting the correct information can
greatly alter how the listener responds to it, which is why the ability to
provide messages clearly and accurately is vital.
In taking a public speaking class, if a student absorbs the ideas presented—
on speaking clearly, using emotion and information to persuade their
audiences, and so on—and uses the assigned speeches as practice for
getting over stage fright and learning how to project and present their ideas
to their speakers—then, in work and other “real world” experiences that
student will be better prepared to know how to prepare for a board meeting,
and how they should present themselves, and what kind of attitude and
thought process is necessary in order to attempt to persuade their listeners
to their side.
Aristotle’s three proofs:

the information people receive is not very varied. one company owns a multitude of outlets. hopefully. because one source owns so many media distribution centers. shelter. by giving multiple presentations and learning about the theory behind speechmaking. etc. Pathos is emotion used by the speaker. where. arranges people’s needs into five groups in a pyramid. like family and romantic relationships. it is the duty of the speaker to back up what they are saying with information and reasoning. Second are safety needs such as a job. and not very many opinions are heard. why should the speaker be someone the listeners care to hear about? In this class. so people receiving information do not know it is all coming from the same place. too much of the same source . The fourth stage deals with “esteem.” like confidence. oftentimes not under the name of that company. with the most immediate and everyday needs at the bottom and less pressing needs at the top. “pathos” would be the persuasive and call to action speeches. walk away with a greater understanding of the best way to give a speech and as such a greater confidence when speaking in public. Third are needs of love and longing.Ethos is the credibility of the speaker. the speaker is relying a message they personally care about. and physical safety. ego and achievement—selfefficiency and agency. The love and longing needs—notably the friendly aspect of this need—from the pyramid apply to this class especially because of the good rapport built up between the students as well as the students and the professor. Logos is the logic the speaker uses. Also from Maslow’s hierarchy is “esteem. First are physiological needs—food. a student entering the class would. Maslow theorized that people could not move onto the next stage until the current one had been fulfilled.” which has a huge part to play in this class as. Maslow’s hierarchy of need. health insurance. “ethos” would be the introduction speeches. Indeed. Therefore. This concept can have a large impact on persuasion since persuasion relies in part on having the information to back up what the speaker is trying to persuade their listener towards. If all their information is coming from one source—even under the guise of multiple sources—the speaker is not getting the whole story and neither are their listeners. In this class. “logos” would be the informative speeches. That is. And lastly. sleep. In this class. respect. hypothetically. the fifth stage is self-actualization. you are the best person you can be. a social theory. Horizontal integration is the concept of receiving a lot of information from one source.

but it was not made to be an especially difficult class. I know there was one subject I would have really liked to talk about. We still had work and presentations to give. Also. it just seemed to make everyone friendlier and more open with each other. either. which is greatly appreciated if oral communications was a class you were dreading. where listeners are never hearing the complete truth. It felt more like classes from high school. a “free” speech where the topic or theme is up to the speaker. which was enjoyable. there really was not much to dislike or want to change. . doing group work occasionally. days off. and that it should just be one or the other. I very much enjoyed the more relaxed atmosphere of the class. I think the only other change I could suggest is. perhaps. rather than it having to be something like an introduction or persuasive speech. and not both. Not too many speeches. but did not get the chance to because of the requirements of the assigned speeches. it seemed like everyone got along really well—going up and suffering through speeches. this was probably the best situation I could have had. As far as oral comm goes. but other than that there was not anything about the class itself to complain about. I think the call to action speeches are completely pointless following the persuasive speeches. chatting freely with the professor. where everyone had a lot of shared classes and homerooms. Because of this. unlike college where you always know you will only be in that class for a few months.can step into the realm of propaganda and censorship. because the atmosphere was more relaxed. a good camaraderie going with the other students and the teacher—it made a seemingly unbearable class a lot easier to deal with and more enjoyable.