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Cisco Networkers

Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Carrier Ethernet Aggregation


Architectures
Istvan Kakonyi - ikakonyi@cisco.com

Presentation_ID

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential

Recuerde siempre
1.

2.

Apagar su telfono celular mientras dure la sesin.

Completar su evaluacin y entregarla a la asistente de sala.

3. Ser puntual en todas las actividades de entrenamiento,


almuerzos y eventos sociales para lograr un desarrollo ptimo
de la agenda.

4. Completar la evaluacin general incluida en su material y


entregarla el mircoles 12 de Noviembre durante la tarde.

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Agenda
1. The Evolution of Multimedia Services
2. Standard Background: DSL Forums TR-101
And Ciscos implementation

3. Aggregation Network Vision and Requirements


Not all services are equal

4. Aggregation Network Transport Options


Ethernet? MPLS? IP?
How video influences the choice

5. Aggregation Network Architectural Views


How to put things together?

6. Carrier Ethernet Aggregation System 1.5


An end-to-end architecture for business, residential and wholesale
services

7. Summary
Now and the future
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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The Evolution of
Multimedia Services

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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The Connected Life


MorningCommute
Use Phone as a Wallet
and Ticket

DayOffice

Watch TV on Train, Program


DVR for Tonight

Conduct Telepresence
Meeting

EveningHome and About Town


Childs Game and Update
Virtual Community Pages
en Route Home

Find Childs GPS


Location on TV

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Argentina 2008

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Watch Shows on Demand,


Answer Video Call on TV

Cisco Public

Customer Profiles & Traffic Mix is


Changing
Consumer

New Demands, New Opportunities

2004

2008

93% CAGR
Consumer Broadband
(TB / month)
Consumer VoIP
(TB / month)
Consumer
IPTV / VoD
Consumer FTTH
(TB / month)

Rise of
Video / IPTV

24,500 TB/month

654,000 TB/month

Business

47% CAGR
Business DSL
IP VPN
Private Line
(IP Portion)
ATM / FR
(IP Portion)
Ethernet

172,000 TB/month

1,190,000 TB/month
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Argentina 2008

Proliferation
of Business
Broadband

Source: Cisco Estimates, Ovum, Bernstein, Public Company Data

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Service Innovation Is Key to


Incremental Revenue Generation
Existing service
delivery approach

Voice
apps

Enterprise
data

Flexible business
models to match
service lifecycle

NGSP destination
3rd party applications

Consumer
data

CPE

NGSP
apps

ASP

Content

CPE
Open
Open service
service delivery
delivery

PSTN
PSTN

Frame
Frame
relay/
relay/
ATM
ATM

Internet
Internet
access
access

OA&M
OA&M

OA&M
OA&M

OA&M
OA&M

Costly
Slow to market
Integrated
One-size-fits-all

Network
Network services
services // Intelligent
Intelligent IP
IP
infrastructure
infrastructure
OA&M
OA&M

Open service delivery


for faster innovation
& competitive
differentiation
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Argentina 2008

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Efficient
Rapid response
Open
Personalized
Cisco Public

IP NGN Carrier Ethernet


Key Attributes

Converged

Resilient

Intelligent

Scalable

Single
network for
business and
residential
services

Industrys
most resilient
end-to-end
solution

Service
intelligence
applied as
required
throughout the
network

Dramatic
increases in
bandwidth,
subscribers,
and services

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Argentina 2008

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SP Network Evolution and Consolidation


Historic Growth
Not built for packet initially
Diff. Departments
High OPEX due to layering

L1/L2/L3 Services via IP/MPLS

High Bandwidth
Optical Services

Optical Layer(IPoWDM)

Tomorrow

L3 Services

ATM

SONET/SDH

Physical Layer
cWDM
dWDM
Fibre

Physical Layer

Physical Layer
cWDM
dWDM
Fibre

Yesterday
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Argentina 2008

Evolution not revolution


Minimal Layering
similar control plane
in aggregation and core

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IP NGN: Converged Topology


Internet

Internet

L1/L2/L3 Services

L1/L2/L3 Services

Basic high Speed


Transport

1.

Internet

L1/L2/L3 Services

Physical Layer

Optical layer
Dark fibre and / or DWDM
Basic non-oversubscribed point to point high bandwidth services
Under lying transport for IP/MPLS infrastructure

2.

IP/MPLS
Based on an end to end IP/MPLS control plane
Concurrent support of L1, L2, L3 services
MPLS for Connected oriented properties with Traffic Engineering, Path protection (AND LINK and NODE
protection!!), P2P AND MP2MP, Superior and absolute QoS (RSVP-TE)

3.

Flexible injection and serviceCiscopoints


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DSL Forums
TR-101

An Architecture for Ethernet Aggregation of DSL Access Nodes

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DSL Beyond Best Effort ?


1. Significant current interest in making residential DSL more
than a best effort service
Lower initial cost of entry and incremental revenue through value
added services
Dynamic bandwidth services bandwidth on demand
Differentiated services support voice, broadcast TV, video telephony,
video-on-demand

2. Number of catalysts
DSL forum TR-59 (ATM Aggregation) and now TR-101
(Ethernet Aggregation)
Ethernet to the home deployments
IPTV service delivery maturing
MPEG-4 part 10 / media player 9
Broadcast quality video at ~1.2mbps
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13

TR-101 Scope and Content


DSLAM

BNG (BRAS)

1. Technical considerations
VLAN architecture
Multicast considerations

Ethernet Aggregation
DSLAM

Use of a video optimised Service Router


(next to traditional TR-59 type BRAS)
Resilience in the Ethernet Aggregation Network

BNG (Video)

QoS in the Ethernet Aggregation Network


Ethernet OAM
Support for PPPoA and IPoA (aka interworking between
XoA and XoE)
Note: TR-101s introduces the term Broadband Network Gateway (BNG)
to differentiate from the legacy BRAS term
Cisco Networkers
For more information : http://www.dslforum.org/techwork/tr/TR-101.pdf
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VLAN Architecture: VLAN per User (1:1)


1. VLAN use similar to ATM i.e.
connection oriented i.e.
configuration intensive
2. IEEE802.1ad Inner Tag =
Port Identifier, Outer Tag =
DSLAM Identifier
3. Multicast replication inside
Single BNG, not inside
Ethernet Aggregation
Network

Aggregation

Access

4. Multi-homing to 2 BNGs
is complex
5. Good for p2p business
services ; less ideal for
Triple-Play Services
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VLAN Architecture:
VLAN per Service/SP (N:1)
1. Single tagged (802.1Q or
802.1ad) VLANs Double
tagging not needed
2. Connectionless provisioning
benefit ; Access Node
inserts Line ID (DHCP Opt
82 , PPPoE Intermediate
Agent)

Access

Aggregation

3. Network elements take care


of subscriber MAC isolation
through split horizon
forwarding
4. Multiple injection points per
VLAN (BRAS AND Video
Service Router) possible
5. Multicast replication within
access/Aggregation
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Ethernet Aggregate QoS Within the


Access/Aggregation Network
120kbps PQ
6mbps

Voice (Priority Queue with policing


at 100kbps)

IPTV/VoD
CBR or VBR
2mbps 3.9mbps

4.5mbps

100kbps

Video traffic
uniquely marked
and placed on
Aggregation
network

unspecified

Work preserving scheduler


Static configuration on user link

PQ

3mbps
Internet (shaped or policed at
3mbps)

Video BNG

Aggregation
Access

BNG (BRAS)

1.

Per class scheduling within access/Aggregation network

2.

Per class scheduling is essential for video as the access node is effectively a
multicast insertion/replication point (replicating per subscriber line)

3.

Per class scheduling essential when separate video BNG is deployed


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DSLAM Packet Scheduling


1. ATM technology on last mile
2. Forwarding and service priority unified (ATM VC)
3. With Ethernet forwarding (802.1Q VLANs) and priority
(802.1p priority bits) are distributed
4. Packet forwarding using:
802.1Q VLAN to VC mapping

5. Service priority using


802.1p priority to VC mapping, or
802.1p based scheduling across a single VC

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Argentina 2008

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Ciscos TR-101 Architecture


from Discrete Elements
BNG/BRAS extremely important for PPP
Services/migration/legacy ATM support
Aggregation Node:
Carrier Ethernet Switch/
Service Router with
Aggregation function

Aggregation Node:
Carrier Ethernet Switch/
Service Router with
Aggregation function

BNG
BRAS

Business
Corporate

L2 Aggregation with
IGMP Snooping

Residential

IP/MPLS Core

STB

Video BNG

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Argentina 2008

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Ciscos TR-101 Architecture


via Video Optimization
BNG/BRAS extremely important for PPP
Services/migration/legacy ATM support

Aggregation Node:
Carrier Ethernet Switch/
Service Router with
Aggregation function

Aggregation Node:
Carrier Ethernet Switch/
Service Router with
Aggregation function

BNG
BRAS

Business
Corporate

L2 Aggregation
+ L3 IP/PIM-SSM

Residential

IP/MPLS Core

STB

Video BNG
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Ciscos TR-101 Architecture


to Integrated Network Elements
BNG/BRAS extremely important for PPP
Services/migration/legacy ATM support

BNG
BRAS
Business
Corporate

Residential

Si

L2 Aggregation
+ L3 IP/PIM-SSM

IP/MPLS Core
Si

STB

Carrier Ethernet Service Router (L1, L2, L3)


Video BNG (L3 IP/PIM-SSM) + L2 Aggregation
Option to Virtualize L2 Aggregation (IP control layer, MPLS techniques)
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21

Aggregation
Network
Architecture:
Vision and
Requirements
Towards a Converged Infrastructure for Quad-Play,
Wholesale and Business Services

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Argentina 2008

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22

Cisco IP NGN Architecture


Video and
Gaming

Data
Center

PresenceBased
Telephony

Self
Service

Web
Services

Identity Policy Billing

Service
Exchange

Customer
Element

Secure
Network
Layer

Network
Layer

Mobility

Access/ IP/MPLS
Intelligent
Aggregation
Edge
Carrier Ethernet
Transport
IPoDWDM

Mobile
Apps

IP
Contact
Center

Open Framework
for Enabling
Triple Play on
the Move
(Data, Voice,
Video, Mobility)

Operational Layer

Service
Layer

Application
Layer

Delivering the Connected Life over Ethernet

Multiservice
Core

Intelligent Networking
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23

Cisco Carrier Ethernet Services


MEF 9 & MEF 14 Certification
System Name

Carrier Ethernet Services Certified

Cisco Catalyst 3750 Metro Series Switch

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco Catalyst 4500 Series

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco Catalyst 4948 - 10G

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switch - Supervisor 720

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switch - Supervisor 32

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco 7600 Series Router - Cisco 7600 Series


Supervisor Engine 720

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco CNS 15310 ML-Series

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco CNS 15310 CE-Series

EPL

Cisco CNS 15454 ML-Series

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco CNS 15454 CE-Series

EPL

Cisco ONS 15310 MA ML Series

EPL, EVPL, E-LAN

Cisco ONS 15310 MA CE-Series

EPL

Cisco ME 6524 Ethernet Switch

EPL, EVPL and E-LAN

Cisco ME 3400 Ethernet Access Switches

Pending

In original testing (Sept 05), 16 Vendors Participated &


Cisco Represent 25% of all Platforms Certified
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24

Cisco Aggregation Architecture Is


Aligned with Major Standardization Efforts
1.

Ethernet technologies maturing


for Carrier Aggregation
Networks

2.

IEEE and IETF provide


Ethernet and MPLS
Aggregation options

3.

DSL Forum defines architecture


models for EtherDSL
Aggregation

4.
5.

MEF defines Ethernet services


and UNI options

Focus on the User-Perspective:


Ethernet Services, UNI/NNI,
Traffic Engineering, E-LMI, ...
SP-Ethernet: Provider Bridges
(802.1ad); EFM (802.3ah);
Connectivity Management
OAM: 802.1ag; 802.1ah Backbone
Bridges, 802.1ak Multiple
Registration Protocol, 802.1aj
Media Converters, etc.
L2VPN, PWE3 WG Building the
Network Core: VPWS, VPLS

Cisco Systems has an active


role inAccess
these standards
UNI bodies NNI

CPE

Edge

Aggregation
Transport

Edge

Ethernet to Frame-Relay/ATM
Service Interworking

Core

TR-101 alignment : BRASrequirements, Ethernet


Aggregation / TR-59 evolution,
subscriber session handling,

Transport
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Argentina 2008

SG15/Q12, SG13/Q3; Architecture


of Ethernet Layer Networks,
Services etc. from a Transport
perspective. E2E OAM.

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25

Video/IPTV Is Key but Hardest to Deliver


Video Challenges

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Business Challenges

Technical Challenges

Content Scope & Control

Open, Balanced System

High Quality of Experience (QoE)


Differentiated offer / content explosion
Niche and local content
Growth of on-demand TV
Need to deploy new services
Impact of over the top video

Traditional
Web-Based Services

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Stringent packet loss requirements


Accurate CAC for VOD
Efficient multicast for local insertion and
to accommodate new services
<1s recovery in any failure scenario
Fast channel change
Managing video in scope of larger Triple
Play & Business Services portfolio

VoIP Services

Video-Based Services

Most
Difficult

Easiest
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26

Theme of Application Management Emerges


Transport Services vs. Managed Application Services
Transport Service
1.
2.
3.
4.

Managed Application Service

Service = CIR/PIR pipe with


applications hosted by third parties
SLA defined by transport parameters
Residential HSI = 5Mbps down, 1Mbps
up, no guarantee for streaming quality
Business VPN = CIR & PIR, jitter,
delay, loss guarantees, no app.
guarantees

1.
2.
3.
4.

Application hosted by provider


SLA is defined by Quality of Experience
(QoE) expectation
Video = 1 artifact per 2 hour movie
Voice = no sound quality impairments,
blocked calls rare

Network QoS Requirements

Network QoS Requirements

1.

Shape & drop packets over CIR,


leverage TCP back-off

1.

QoE mapped to network QoS


requirements

2.

QoS can change dynamically per sub


(turbo button, bandwidth on demand)

2.

QoS same for all subs of a particular


app

3.

Transport SLA must be enforced per


subscriber

3.

No need to enforce transport SLA per


sub, user per-service SLA instead

HSI and Business VPNS


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Argentina 2008

Residential VoIP and Video

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Generalizing SP Ethernet Access


Evolving the Original Idea of the Ethernet Service Bus

Metcalfes Original Concept of Ethernet (1976)


1. Ethernet began as shared media tap points for workstations
and bridges
2. Leverage the multipoint nature of Ethernet in SP access.
There is a lot of value here
Service insertion point economics
Optimizing transport capex > per Gbps cost of Ethernet is far the best
Optimizing transport opex > using E-OAM applications
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Application Mix Can Require


Multipoint at Sequential Hops
Cisco Visual Quality Experience (VQE)

Cost Effective
Video Insertion
Multicast Replication

Snoop all Streams Insert


Unicast for Channel Changes
and retransmissions

PPP Termination
PPP Tunnel Switch
IP Routing
Unicast
Multicast

Elements can be combined

1.
2.
3.

Cost Optimization (OPEX and CAPEX) leads to multiple service insertions


Application Servers only have *limited* economic ability to move towards or away
from Residential Gateway (RG)
Application Layer Services dont care if insertion points are L2 or L3 Network
Elements, and whether they bridge, route, use MPLS, Ethernet or SDH as a
transport
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The Multi-Edge Architecture


View from CE: Ethernet Tap Points by Application

Modular L3 Edge ? Ethernet Tap Points


1.

Different L3 Edge by service, services can be added and managed independently

2.

SP Edge physically could be one L3 box, but likely is many


No more God-Box
Geographic segmentation of application servers
Distributing IP on a per service basis rather than using common L2 transport
Services needing per subscriber policies (internet, peer2peer, Lawful Intercept) inserted centrally, while
simpler services (IPTV, VoD) are distributed

3.

Allows services & transport to be reused across a variety of access technologies

4.

Intermediate tunneling technologies transparent to the CE .


Can use Ethernet Bridging (802.1ad or Backbone Bridging, 802.1ah) and/or MPLS pseudo-wires
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Next-Generation Transport
Requirements
Portal Monitoring Billing Subscriber Identity Address Policy Presence Mediation
Database
Mgmt Definition

Residential
Policy Plane (per Subscriber)
AG

Access

Aggregation

Business

L3 Core

L3 Service
Edge

CPE
Corporate

DSL/PON
Cable

Mobile

Ethernet

Single
Tier
Hub &
Spoke
or Ring

FR/ATM
E1/ATM

Ethernet

Legacy Services

Point to Point
Point to MP
Multipoint

ATM
Frame Relay
TDM
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Argentina 2008

NGN Application

Others

Standards Based
Efficient IP Multicast
Cost Effective
Efficient VoD Delivery
QoS, TE & Recovery
Call Admission Control
Fast Provisioning

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Aggregation
Network
Architecture
Transport Options

IP, Ethernet Bridging, MPLS, or ?

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Aggregation Network Transport Options


Content Network

Business
Corporate

Aggregation
Node

Access

L2/3 Edge
Distribution
Node

Business
Corporate

Business
Corporate

Si

Ethernet
Access Node

DSL
Access Node

Aggregation Network
MPLS, Ethernet, IP
Si

Distribution
Node

Si

Aggregation
Node

MPLS PE

Content Network
VoD

Centralised L3 Service Edge


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TV

SIP

Layer 2 MPLS
EoMPLS/ H-VPLS

Layer 2 Ethernet
IEEE 802.1q / 802.1ad

EoMPLS

802.1q

Distributed L3 Service Edge

SIP

Core
Network
IP / MPLS

SCE

STB

Layer 3 - IP, MPLS

TV

BRAS

Si
Si

Aggregation
Node

Residential

VoD

Centralised L3 Service Edge


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33

How to Build the L2/L3 BUS (Ethernet


or MPLS?)
The Logical Picture

L3 Node (BRAS/Router) With


Ethernet Interface

Access Node
With Ethernet Uplink

Aggregation Device
L2 Replication Point

1.
2.
3.

Some Services might require L2 replication (Video Multicast) i.e. VLANs


(N:1 or multipoint VLANs)
Some Subscribers are receiving traffic from multiple L3 nodes i.e. N:1
VLAN with MAC-address based forwarding
Other Services can be built with point to point constructs (1:1 VLANs)
Requires a lot of provisioning in access and aggregation network!
Does not easily allow different edges per subscriber

4.

MPLS or native Ethernet used to create the VLAN ? Other Options


exist?
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Emulating Ethernet Links with


EoMPLS/VPWS
1.

EoMPLS can be used to overlay virtual


L2 Ethernet Aggregation Islands over an
MPLS network
Allows logical separation of subscribers based on
MAC-address and VLAN scaling characteristics of
Ethernet Aggregation Island

2.

EoMPLS can be used to emulate links


between Access nodes and L3 nodes
EoMPLS PW

1:1 VLAN scheme

3.

EoMPLS could be used to emulate links


between L2 Aggregation nodes and L3 nodes
N:1 VLAN scheme
1:1/N:1 VLAN Scheme with redundantly attached
Access nodes

4.

Leverages advantages of MPLS and


Ethernet bridging
EoMPLS PW

Same Bridging techniques can be deployed


IP Control Plane (same as in core)
Fast Convergence options
EoMPLS tunnel never goes down
Sometimes referred to as H-VPLS (No Full Mesh of
Pseudowires!)
Can also transport TDM and other L1/L2 services if needed
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MPLS Layer 2 Scalability


EoMPLS and VPLS VFI MAC Address Learning
Business

Access

Corporate

Learning

L2/3 Edge
Aggregation
Node

Business

Distribution
Node

Corporate
Si

Business

802.1q/PVC
Corporate

Aggregation Network
MPLS, Ethernet, IP

802.1q

Ethernet
Access Node

Si

EoMPLS PW

802.1q
Residential

VC
q/P
DSL
1
.
2
80 Access Node

Access Node

VPLS PW Mesh

VFI
Si

Aggregation
Node

802.1q
Si

BRAS

Core Network
IP / MPLS

Distribution
Node

Si

Aggregation
Node

STB

No
Learning
1.
2.
3.

Multipoint Layer 2 Transport VPLS VFI requires MAC learning


Point to Point Layer 2 Transport - EoMPLS doesnt require MAC learning
Exactly the same as normal Ethernet : clause 16.4 from 802.1ad allows disabling learning on
point to point VLANs
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Scalable Learning:
IEEE 802.1ad Clause 16.4*
Scalable Learning:
Dont learn unless you have to...
Bridges with only 2 active ports in a
VLAN do not have to learn for that VLAN
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Topology converges (STP and other


protocols)
Bridges count active ports per VLAN
and apply scalable learning ( )
Only Bridge 1d has to learn for the
VLAN shown
Same applies for H-VPLS networks
Static entries can still be added (e.g. as
a result of IGMP/PIM snooping)
Hierarchically built networks (Hub and
Spoke/Ring) can usually apply these
techniques!

Dont learn

Learn

1c

1a

1e
1d
1f

1b

1h
1g

*In particular learning can be restricted to the ingress


and egress Provider Bridge Ports of each S-VLAN that
connects only two customer points of attachment, or to
the customer systems attached to those Ports.
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37

Benefits of Distributed L3 Edge for Video:


More Reliable, More Efficient, More Secure
1.

2.

3.

4.

L3 allows better
load-balancing
and use of the
links across the
ring
Important for
Anycast
(redundant headends) and local ad
insertion
Better security
through anti
spoofing
behaviour of SSM
Mapping
Node to Node
signalling more
reliable versus
signalling across
L2 domain
PIM fast hellos/BFD
VRRP (VoD)

PIM Hello for Keep


Alives Not Needed
in L3 Network

Layer 3
192.1.1.1

IGMP V2
to v3 map

L3
L3
N-PE

PIM

L3
N-PE

192.1.1.1

DSLAM

L3

DSLAM
L3
PE-AGG
L3
PIM Fast
Hellos/VRRP

H-VPLS
L3 PIM Non-DR
(not active)
192.1.1.1
L2

DSLAM

L2

H-VPLS
L2

192.1.1.1

L2
DSLAM

L3 PIM DR

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Using EoMPLS Across Rings for


Multicast Distribution
1.

Single Mcast VLAN connects


all DSLAMs for video delivery

IGMP Querier Election

IGMP
U-PE1

Video flooded to all DSLAMs

2.

Daisy-Chained VPLS; U-PE


connected by PW

PW

N-PE VFIs not interconnected with PW

PW

Otherwise you might need to run a


STP over the emulated LAN!

3.

U-PE2
U-PE3

MPLS-FRR for PW/link


protection50ms restoration
claimed

R1

PIM

N-PE2

U-PE4

PW

R2

Logical view
IGMP

No spatial re-use

N-PE1

PW

Weird traffic patters across ring


after failure

4.

PW

IGMP Querier Election

Node failure (U-PE, N-PE)

R1

Split topology in access


R1 and R2 behave independent from
each other (Querier for each segment):
Convergence dependent on IGMP
election failure

R2

(2-3s claimed, default = 120s!)


Problem pushed to L3 edge!
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39

Broadcast Video Distribution


Failure Scenarios: Box Failure
1.

Layer-2 subnet is
partitioned into two
pieces

U-PE1

Violation of the fundamental


rule that an L2 segment must
be contiguous

PW

PW

3.

N-PE1

R1

U-PE2
U-PE3

Spanning Tree Anyone ?

2.

PW

N-PE2
PW

Usually there is unicast


control traffic in the
multicast VLAN
(e.g. RTCP, HTTP,
MiddleWare traffic)

PW

U-PE4

R2

Logical view

Unicast control traffic


could be blackholed,
unless it uses another
overlay p2p topology

R1

?
R2

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40

IP for Video and IPTV Service Delivery


Key Characteristics and Benefits
Optimal Replication

1.

Simplified Operations
IGMP/PIM only required, no snooping necessary in
Aggregation network; snooping contained in DSLAM
Single point of L3 termination for IPTV (no VRRP required)

2.

L3-Core
IP Mcast

Optimal and Scalable forwarding


SSM multicast distribution model for optimal tree creation
under all conditions
Dynamic load balancing on equal cost paths(!!)
Optimized ARP and IGMP tables through distribution
Flexible content injection, including localized content
Scales in terms of network nodes and subscribers in any
topology due to distributed L3
Allows for on-path CAC

3.

L3
IP Mcast

Load-balancing
Efficient Use of Access Bandwidth

L3
IP Mcast

L3-Core
IP Mcast

Resiliency
Consistent convergence in all failure cases: Source-, Node-,
Link-Failure.

Any-Cast Sources

IP: 1.1.1.1

Anycast-Source model for enhanced redundancy


SSM security & address-space efficiency proven architecture in
many 3Play production networks today

4.

Future Ready

L3
IP Mcast

Possibility to add/distribute video monitoring and error


concealment techniques easily
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L3-Core
IP Mcast

IP: 1.1.1.1
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41

H-VPLS for Video and IPTV


Key Characteristics and Issues
1.

VPLS

Complex Operations

H-VPLS = Complex, Limited


Scaling

Complex H-VPLS mesh

VRRP/HSRP

Troubleshooting challenges due to complexity of L3 / L2 /


VPLS / PWE3 multi-layer solution

L3 DR /
Querier

DR/Querier
Backup

Different unicast versus multicast topologies!


IGMP snooping across all Aggregation network

VRRP for redundancy

2.

L2 VSO

Sub-Optimal forwarding

L2 VSO

Static distribution tree with sub-optimal forwarding in link


failure conditions

Optimum Replication &


Load-balancing

Scale issues with centralized ARP and IGMP tables


Restricted scalability in terms of network nodes and
subscribers

Anycast

No on-path CAC possible

L3 VHO

L3 VHO

Resiliency

PIM SSM
Fast IGP

No source redundancy

H-VPLS L2 ring approach requires L3 GW to recover from


node failures, while all users are affected)

L3 VSO

Higher security risk due to large L2 domain with snoopingbased forwarding


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Cisco

Per link load-balancing with 802.3ad

3.

L2 VSO

L2 VSO

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L3 VSO

L3 VSO

L3 VSO

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42

Why Is Admission Control


Essential for Video?
1. Per-service QoS for broadcast video and VOD
Network must deliver 10 -6 loss requirement to support video
QoE
Per-sub QoS for video through BRAS function not optimal
(not topology aware; does not take into account multicast
replication)
Per service QoS optimizes quality & operational efficiency

2. VOD connection admission control


Every link has queue dedicated to video, with a certain amount
of planned capacity
CAC will make sure that queue is never oversubscribed by
disallowing the VOD request that would oversubscribe the
queue if allowed to flow over the network
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43

Ciscos Integrated Video CAC


1.

Integrated Video CAC approach combines two methods


On-path RSVP-CAC
topology aware, handles dynamic topology changes
DSCP based implementation eliminates scale challenges experienced with Intserv
Proven scale tested to 50-100.000 sessions with 500 set ups per second
Layer 3 required at PE-AGG to implement path-based CAC
Off-path CAC based on Broadband Policy Manager (BPM) for DSL line congestion

2.
3.

VOD stream will be denied if business rules of either fail


Prioritize blocking of Free VOD vs. Pay VOD in network failure scenarios
1 VOD Request
Deny or Admit
2
2 RSVP-CAC
6

5
2

BPM

BRAS

L3

L3
L3

Core

VoD Servers

L3
MPLS
PE

L3

PE-AGG DSLAM

N-PE

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44

Why Is Multicast CAC Needed


Oversubscription on Aggregation Link to DSLAM
1. Sum of all multicast
channels > capacity
planned bandwidth

Simply Not Enough BW


for all the Triple Play Services

250-500 users per DLAM

2. Need to control
multicast replication

200-250 DLAMs per 7600

Per interface
DSLAM

E
1G

Per set of groups


Per content provider

10GE

1GE
PE
Cat7600

1G
E

DSLAM

DSLAM
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3. IOS feature: Mroute


state replication

Multicast CAC =
Handling Replication Limits
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45

Aggregation Network Models


Content Network

Business
Corporate

Aggregation
Node

Access

L2/3 Edge
Distribution
Node

Business
Corporate

Business
Corporate
Residential

Si

Ethernet
Access Node

Si

Aggregation Network
MPLS, Ethernet, IP

TV

SIP

BRAS

Si

Aggregation
Node
DSL
Access Node

VoD

Core
Network
IP / MPLS

SCE
Si

Distribution
Node

Si

Aggregation
Node

MPLS PE

Content Network
VoD

STB

TV

SIP

MPLS/IP Aggregation Transport Mechanisms

Same
Control
Plane !!

Distributed Services: IP, MPLS/Multicast VPNs


Centralised and Transparent Ethernet Services: EoMPLS, H-VPLS

Ethernet/IP Aggregation Transport Mechanisms


Distributed Services: IP, IP VRF-lite
Centralised and Transparent Ethernet Services: IEEE 802.1q, 802.1ad,
802.1ah (future)
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46

Cisco Carrier Ethernet Design


Transforming Consumer and Business Services
iFrame Cache

Managed Business Services


(Storage, VoIP, Security)

VoD

VoIP

Video Broadcast

Application Layer
Subscriber
Edge

Portal

Subscriber and
Service Database

Authentication
and Billing

Broadband
Policy Manager

EMS and
Provisioning

Residential

Policy/Service Layer
Access

Edge Aggregation
Video/Voice L3
HSI/Business - MPLS

MSPP
STB

Cable

Business
CPE

DSL

Distributed:
L2 PW, L3VPN
IP Multicast
Ethernet
PE-Agg
Aggregation

PON

IP/MPLS Edge

IP/MPLS Core

BRAS

Centralized:
H-VPLS, L3VPN
IP Multicast

DPI

Ethernet
N-PE
Distribution

Mobile / WiMAX
MSE PE

CPE

Core

ETTx
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47

From Design Principles to Implementation


One Carrier Ethernet Design
High Speed Internet (HSI)

RAN Backhaul

L3

L1 CES over Packet


Per Service QoS
Distribution of clock

BSC

L2 EoMPLS Backhaul
Per sub QoS
Central L3 and services
PPPoE & DHCP

VoD Servers

BRAS

Core

PE-AGG

N-PE
MSE
L2 VPN
L3 VPN

Video and Voice

L3 edge distributed for


efficient multicast and
resiliency
Virtualization via MPLS VPN
Per service QoS

Business VPN

L2 EoMPLS backhaul
Per sub QoS
Central or distributed services
(L3 VPN, L2 VPN, VPLS, FW)
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HSI
VoD
Broadcast TV
Business VPN
RAN Backhaul
48

Next Generation Broadband Architecture


Why a *Real* BRAS Is Required?
Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Support
Support for
for TR-59/TR-101
TR-59/TR-101
based
business
based business models
models is
is
essential
essential for
for smooth
smooth migration
migration
to
to Ethernet
Ethernet architectures
architectures

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

Content Farm

Policy Control Plane (per subscriber)

PPP
PPP
AAA
Residential
AAA

Access

Edge

Aggregation

L2TP
L2TP for
for wholesale
wholesale

VOD

Cable

Single
Single point
point of
of session
session
management
and
management and configuration
configuration

ETTx
Support
// local
Support for
for distributed
distributed
local

BRAS
BRAS

Business

policy
policy definition
definition and
and
Aggregation Network
Corporate
enforcement
via
enforcement
via ISG
ISG ->
-> policypolicyDSL
MPLS/IP
manager
required
manager not
not always
always
required
Agg-node

Core Network
MPLS /IP

DPI

Residential

Content Farm
Dist-node

Easy
Easy migration
migration to
to Intelligent
Intelligent
Service
Gateway
(ISG)
Service
Gateway (ISG)
STB
DSL Access Node
IP
IP sessions
sessions

L3VPN PE

VOD
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

SIP

Dist-node

STB

Support
Support for
for granular
granular Session
Session
control
accounting
control and
andPON
accounting

TV

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TV

SIP

49

Intelligent Services Gateway (ISG)


Many Services to Many Screens
OSS//BSS Radius
OSS

Enables
Enables
tailored
tailored
services
services
delivery
delivery
(PPP
(PPP +IP
+IP ;;
access
access
agnostic)
agnostic)

DHCP

Operational
Integration
Point
MultiDimensional
Identity

ISG
Dynamic
Personalized
Services

Subscriber
Subscriber
and/or
and/or
application
application
driven
driven
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

Billing

Identity
IPTV/VoD

Broadband
Access

Gaming

Voice

Messaging

Music

Speed
Speed to
to
service
service

Integrated
Policy
Server

IP
Network

Network
Network
intelligence
intelligence
enables
enables
scalable
scalable
efficiency
efficiency

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50

ISG Policy and Control Plane


Open northbound interfaces:
RADIUS, CoA, XML

IP Routing
Protocols

1.

2.

Local policy execution


External policy retrieval and
enforcement
Authentication/Authorization/
Accounting
Identity Management (mxID)
Data plane provisioning

3.

ISA/ISG
Policy and Control Plane

Session logon/logoff
View Service List
Service logon/logoff
View Session status
View System messages
Feature Change

FIB

ACL

Subscriber Session

ACL

Flow

Feature
Feature
Feature
ACL

Data

4.

Flow
Network
Service

5.

Flow

Cisco Networkers
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ISG provides a dynamic


interface for session
control
It binds the session
control plane with data
plane features and
functions
Northbound Dynamic
Session Interface

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ISG features controllable


by RADIUS
Service polices including
traffic policies, L4
redirect, Subscriber ACL,
Idle Timer, Session
Timer, QoS,
Session/Service
Cisco Public
Accounting, Pre-paid

51

Carrier Ethernet
Aggregation :
Architectural
Approaches

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52

Architectural Dimensions
Single-Edge
y

Unclustered
z

Centralized

Distributed

Clustered
Multi-Edge
Services

Single-Edge

Multi-Edge

Centralized

All services flow through single device,


located in a centralized PoP

Separate devices for various


services. Could be service specific
edge, or common per-subscriber PEP
but on multiple systems

Distributed

All services flow through a single device,


distributed in the architecture close to the
subscriber
Cisco Networkers

Some services are produced on


distributed devices, whereas other
services are produced centrally

Geographic

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53

Centralized Unclustered Single-Edge


Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

Policy Control Plane (per subscriber)

Mobile
Access

Edge

Aggregation
L2 / Simple L3

Core

Content Farms

MSPP
Residential

Cable
DSL
VOD

TV

SIP

Aggregation Network
MPLS/IP

STB
Business

Core
Network
MPLS /IP

ETTx
Corporate

Residential

Integrated
Services

PON

STB

Internet

Cisco Networkers
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VoD / TV

Business
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54

Centralized Clustered Single-Edge


Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

Policy Control Plane (per subscriber)

Mobile
Access

Edge

Aggregation
L2 / Simple L3

MSPP

Core

Content Farms

Residential

Cable
DSL

Aggregation Network
MPLS/IP

STB

VOD

TV

SIP

Business

Core
Network
MPLS /IP

ETTx
Corporate

Residential

Integrated
Services

PON

STB

Internet

Voice

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

VoD / TV
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Business
Cisco Public

55

Centralized Unclustered Multi-Edge


Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

Policy Control Plane (per subscriber)

Mobile
Access

Edge

Aggregation
L2 / Simple L3

Core

Content Farms

MSPP
Residential

Cable

VOD TV

SIP

DSL

STB

Aggregation Network
MPLS/IP

Business

ETTx
Corporate

BNG

Core
Network
MPLS /IP

DPI

Residential

PON

MSE
STB

Internet

Voice

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

VoD / TV
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Business
Cisco Public

56

Centralized Clustered Multi-Edge


Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

Policy Control Plane (per subscriber)

Mobile
Access

Edge

Aggregation
L2 / Simple L3

Core

Content Farms

MSPP
Residential

Cable

VOD TV

SIP

DSL

STB

BNG
Aggregation Network
MPLS/IP

Business

ETTx

Core
Network
MPLS /IP

Corporate

DPI
Residential

PON

MSE
STB

Internet

Cisco Networkers
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Voice

VoD / TV

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Business
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57

Distributed Unclustered Single-Edge


Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

Policy Control Plane (per subscriber)

Mobile
Access

Edge

Core
Content Farms

MSPP
Residential

Cable
DSL
VOD

TV

SIP

STB
Business

Core Network
MPLS /IP

ETTx
Corporate

Ethernet/MPLS/IP
Residential

PON

Integrated
Service

STB

Internet

Voice
Cisco Networkers
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VoD / TV

Business

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58

Distributed Unclustered Single-Edge


Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

Policy Control Plane (per subscriber)

Mobile
Access

Edge

Core
Content Farms

MSPP
Residential

Cable
DSL
VOD

TV

SIP

STB
Business

Core Network
MPLS /IP

ETTx
Corporate

Ethernet/MPLS/IP
Residential

PON

Integrated
Service

STB

Internet

Cisco Networkers
Voice
Argentina 2008

VoD / TV

Business
Cisco Public

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59

Carrier Ethernet
Aggregation
System 1.5

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60

Key Enhancements in CE Aggregation


1. Support of 40 Gbps / slot on main aggregation platforms
2. Support of both Centralized and Distributed BNG models
3. Increased scalability , up to 40 K EoMPLS PWs / node
4. EVC Model is available on more platforms ( C7600, C4500,
Next-gen Aggregation Platform
5. Full support of E-OAM protocol suites
6. Enhanced security on EVC-based aggregation ( MAC security,
storm control, L2 ACLs )
7. IPoDWDM integration for 10 GE
8. Better HA solutions with IP TE-FRR, REP, MST, mLACP, etc.

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61

Carrier Ethernet Aggregation System

1.
2.
3.
4.

Residential SLAs Enforced at BNG. BNG can be centralized / distributed


Business Services Centralized at MSE / distributed on Agg. Nodes
Video Services Bypass BRAS/BNG
Access Agnostic Ethernet UNI Models
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62

Flexible Ethernet UNI - EVC


Technology enabler of Carrier Ethernet Aggregation
Flexible VLAN tag matching, one EFP can
match
unique single or double VLAN tags
multiple or range or any single VLAN tag
unique outer VLAN tag with multiple or
range or any inner VLAN tags
default VLAN tag

Service instance/EFP
(Ethernet Flow Point)

Per VLAN egress H-QoS

Flexible Service Mapping


L3
L3

Flexible Flexible
VLAN
VLAN
Tag
tag
matching rewrite

H-QoS
per VLAN

VPLS
VPLS
EoMPLS
Local
Local connect
connect (P2P)
(P2P)
Local
Local Bridging
Bridging (MP)
(MP)

Flexible L2/L3 service mapping


One or groups of EFPs can be mapped to
same L2/L3 service, with split-horizon
Flexible VLAN tag manipulation
option between EFPs
Pop existing 1 or 2 VLAN tags
VLANs on the same physical ports can be
Push 1 or 2 new VLAN
tags
selectively mapped to different L2/L3
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VLAN tag translate
(1:1,
1:2, 2:2,2:1)
service Cisco Public

63

EVC Flexible Forwarding Model


L3

Support 16K P2P


xconnect service

Routing

L2/L3
EoMPLS PW
VPLS
Bridging

VLAN
pop
push
xlate
1:1, 2:2
1:2

Routing

EoMPLS PW
EoMPLS

Bridging

EoMPLS PW
L2, MP

X
EFPs:
VLAN
(802.1q
/QinQ)

P2P
Local Connect

Bridging

EFPs: VLAN
(802.1q/QinQ)

ES20, SIP-400
Split horizon
forwarding disabled
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64

Intelligent Services Gateway


Technology enabler of Carrier Ethernet Aggregation
1.

Identifies sessions and service


flows

RADIUS

Portal

DHCP

Traffic classification for all access


architectures
Session and flow provides per user
granularity

2.

Dynamically assigns the session


to a configured QOS policy (MQC)
via Radius

3.

Establishes Virtual Route per


Session

4.

RADIUS / AAA
push/pull
Per Sub/Service
Accounting

Self-provisioning
/ Selfcare

Provides Policing, Access Control,


Accounting, via Radius Push/Pull

ISG

PPPoEoX

Authentication
Logon

L4R

IPoE

Internet

Change of Authorization (Policy


Push)
L4 re-direction

ISG
Sessions

Accounting details

5.

Limitations of SSG are removed


Cisco Networkers

E.g. mapping traffic to VRF, various


Argentina 2008
routing tables

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65

Retail Residential Services


(Centralized Multi Edge, Clustered / Unclustered)
HSI, VoIP
N:1, 1:1 VLAN models

Single PW per Aggregation Node


Ethernet UNI

EoMPLS
PW
EoMPLS
Pseudowire
Access Node UNI and connectivity models:

HSI IP service subnet

Non Trunk UNI, N:1 VLAN


Trunk (Multi VC) UNI, N:1 Service VLAN

IP Model
VoD, IPTV, VoIP
N:1 VLAN model

Trunk (Multi VC) UNI, 1:1 Internet Access VLAN


These models are the base line in TR-101 and
present in existing Access Nodes implementations

PIM and IGP control plane


IP unicast/multicast data plane

3Play IP service subnet


IP/MPLS NNI

MPLS/IP Model
VoD, IPTV, VoIP
N:1 VLAN model
3Play IP service subnet

VOD data plane: MPLS LSPs, signaled by LDP or RSVPTE in case MPLS-TE FRR protections is required

MPLS/IP data plane


VoD control plane: LDP, RSVP-TE
TV control plane: PIM, 2nd IGP

TV date plane: IP multicast over MPLS TE link protected


EoMPLS pseudowires

Efficient

Large Scale

Intelligent

Access

Aggregation

Edge
UNI
rnet
Ethe

Access Node

Distribution

Aggregation Node

BNG

Multiservice

Core

MPLS NNI

Eth
ern
et U
NI
Node

BNG

DSL, WiMAX, Ethernet

MPLS / IP
Cisco Networkers
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PPP, IP, MPLS

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MPLS
66

Retail Residential Services


( Distributed Single Edge )
HSI, VoIP
N:1, 1:1 VLAN models
HSI IP service subnet

ISG Sessions

Ethernet UNI

EoMPLS
IP or PPPoEPseudowire
access. ISG is distributed
on the Aggregation Nodes

Access Node UNI and connectivity models:


Non Trunk UNI, N:1 VLAN
Trunk (Multi VC) UNI, N:1 Service VLAN

IP Model
VoD, IPTV, VoIP
N:1 VLAN model

Trunk (Multi VC) UNI, 1:1 Internet Access VLAN


PIM and IGP control plane
IP unicast/multicast data plane

These models are the base line in TR-101 and


present in existing Access Nodes implementations

3Play IP service subnet


IP/MPLS NNI

MPLS/IP Model
VoD, IPTV, VoIP
N:1 VLAN model
3Play IP service subnet

MPLS/IP data plane


VoD control plane: LDP, RSVP-TE
TV control plane: PIM, 2nd IGP

Efficient

Large Scale

Access

Aggregation

VOD data plane: MPLS LSPs, signaled by LDP or RSVPTE in case MPLS-TE FRR protections is required
TV date plane: IP multicast over MPLS TE link protected
EoMPLS pseudowires

Multiservice

Core

MPLS NNI

Access Node

DSL, WiMAX, Ethernet

Distribution Node

Distributed Edge Node

MPLS

MPLS / IP
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Non Trunk UNI, N:1 VLAN


Residential Services Connectivity Overview
Ethernet or DSL Access Node
Aggregation Node
Routed DSL RG
N:1 VLAN

DHCP relay
IP unnumbered interface
Gateway for the specific Video
Application Subnet

Video Service Router


Function

Non Trunk UNI

BNG
Internet Service Router

802.1Q

Emulated bridge domain

Bridged DSL RG

Bridge Domain
Function

N:1 VLAN

VDSL, ADSL2+, 802.3


Ethernet or Single VC

PPPoE server
Default Gateway for the Internet Access
RG/appliances subnet

802.1Q

Mapping all subscriber services, aggregated by the Access Node in a


shared VLAN, providing to the Aggregation Network a shared VLAN with all
subscriber and services traffic
Common bridge domain with Split horizon forwarding and Subscriber Line
Identity through PPPoE Tag Line ID or DHCP Option 82
Default Route pointing to BNG, specific router pointing to Video Service
Router (through RG GUI, TR-69, DHCP Option 121)
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Non Trunk UNI, N:1 VLAN


Residential Services Aggregation Model
1.

The Aggregation Network receives a shared VLAN with all subscriber


and services traffic from the access network.

2.

Port-significant VLAN ids removed on ingress - POP TAG 10

3.

Routing AND bridging in a common N:1 VLAN

4.

VLAN id added on egress towards BNG


Gateway for VOD/IPTV

Ingress
POP TAG 10 symmetric

Ingress
POP TAG 100 symmetric

IPoE TV, VoD

HSI IP/PPPoE

HSI IP/PPPoE

IGMP snooping

802.1Q [10]

802.1Q [100]

EoMPLS PW
Bridge domain 100

VFI

802.1Q [10]
IPoE TV, VoD

Ingress
POP TAG 10 symmetric

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution
2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

BNG
69

Trunk UNI, N:1 Service VLAN


Residential Service Connectivity Overview
1.

Each VC or VLAN on the UNI maps a certain service or group of


services

2.

Per service VLAN with all users for that service onto that VLAN

3.

Split Horizon Forwarding, locally significant VLAN ids combined into a


per service Bridge Domains (N:1)

4.

Video routed (unnumbered) in Aggregation, other transported to


Distribution
Ethernet/WiMAX or DSL Access Node
Aggregation Node
Routed DSL RG

N:1 Service VLAN

Voice Service Router Function


Video Service Router Function

Trunk or Multi VC UNI


802.1Q

Bridge Domain

BNG
Internet Service Router
Emulated bridge domain

Function

Bridged DSL RG

ADSL, ADSL2+, 802.3


Multi VC or Trunk UNI

N:1 Service VLAN

802.1Q
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

Gateways for the specific


Video/Voice Application Subnets
IP unnumbered interface
DHCP relay

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Default Gateway for the Routed CPEs or


Appliances connected in the bridged RGs
PPPoE Server
DHCP relay
Cisco Public

70

Trunk UNI, N:1 Service VLAN


Residential Services Aggregation Model
1.

Port-significant VLAN ids removed on ingress

2.
3.
4.

Some VLANs routed, other bridged


Common Bridge Domain allows to use single MPLS PW per Aggregation Node
VLAN id removed on egress towards BNG
Ingress
POP TAG 10 symmetric

Ingress
POP TAG 100 symmetric

802.1Q [12]

IPoE Voice
802.1Q [11]
IPoE TV, VoD
802.1Q [10]
HSI IP/PPPoE

VFI
802.1Q [100]

EoMPLS PW
802.1Q [10]
HSI IP/PPPoE
802.1Q [11]
IPoE TV, VoD
802.1Q [12]
IPoE Voice

Bridge domain 100

Ingress
POP TAG 10 symmetric

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution
2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

BNG
71

Trunk UNI, 1:1 Internet Access VLAN


Residential Services Connectivity Overview
Ethernet or DSL Access Node
Trunk or Multi VC UNI
Routed DSL RG

Aggregation Node

Gateway for the specific Video


Application Subnets
DHCP relay
IP unnumbered interface

Video Service Router


Function

TV/VOD VC/VLAN

1:1 VLAN
HIS/Voice VC/VLAN

N:1 VLAN

EoMPLS PW

Bridged DSL RG

BNG
Internet Service Router

QinQ/802.1ad interface
1:1 VLAN

ADSL, ADSL2+, 802.3


Multi VC or Trunk UNI

1.
2.
3.

802.1Q

VLAN Rewrite/Tag
Function

Default Gateway for the Routed CPEs or


Appliances connected in the bridged RGs
DHCP relay,
PPPoE Server

Trunk UNI, 1:1 Internet Access VLAN considers DSL Multi VCs UNIs or DSL,
Ethernet 802.1q tagged UNI, one VC or VLAN being used for Internet Access
while the other is used for TV/VOD (and optionally for VoIP)
This models allows to migrate from a single/dual-play 1:1 scenario to a triple play
one WITH video optimisation
Different Bridge Domains:
N:1 VLAN for TV/VOD with Split Horizon forwarding in Access and Aggregation
1:1 VLAN for Internet Access/Voice)

4.

The Access Node multiplex the TV/VOD traffic in a shared VLAN and
provides to the Aggregation Network per subscriber VLANs for Internet
Access and a shared Cisco
VLAN
for TV/VoD.
Networkers
Argentina 2008

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Cisco Public

72

Trunk UNI, 1:1 Internet Access VLAN


Residential Services Aggregation Model
1. Internet Access 1:1 VLANs are selectively double-tagged (QinQ),
added to a Bridge Domain xconnected and tunnelled across a
single PW
2. TV/VOD N:1 VLAN routed in Aggregation of the network.
Ingress
PUSH TAG 100 symmetric
IPoE TV, VoD

802.1Q 10
HSI IP/PPPoE

802.1Q Range [11,1011]

Bridge Domain 1000

QinQ [[100, 200,], any]

EoMPLS PW
HSI IP/PPPoE

802.1Q Range [1,1011]


IPoE TV, VoD

802.1Q 10
Ingress
PUSH TAG 200 symmetric

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution
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Cisco Public

BNG
73

Wholesale Services Deployments


PPPoE

HSI
L3 Handoff

L2TPv2

EoMPLS PW
EoMPLS PW

N:1, 1:1 VLAN

Ethernet UNI

MPLS VPN
PPPoE/IPoE

Ethernet UNI

EoMPLS Pseudowire

3Play
L3 Handoff

N:1 VLAN

RFC2547bis (Unicast &


Multicast) MPLS VPN

IPoE

MPLS VPN
MPLS NNI

N:1, 1:1 VLAN

P2P

L2 Handoff
P2P and MP

MPLS NNI

N:1 VLAN
IPoE

ISP peering point

MP
Ethernet UNI

Efficient
Access

Intelligent
Edge

Large Scale
Aggregation

Multiservice
Core

NI
et U
ern
Eth

MPLS NNI

BNG Ethernet UNI


Access Node

Agg-node

Dist-node
BNG

DSL, WiMAX, Ethernet

MPLS / IP
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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IP, MPLS
Cisco Public

MPLS
74

Aggregation Network Service Edge


Business Ethernet Services Architecture
MPLS-VPN

Business
L3 VPN

Business
E-LAN

Business
E-LINE

Port, 1q, QinQ

H-VPLS

Port, 1Q, QinQ

MPLS NNI

EoMPLS

Port, 1Q, QInQ

Efficient
Access

Implements service
network forwarding and
access SLA enforcement

Intelligent
Edge

Large Scale
Aggregation

Multiservice
Core

MPLS NNI
Inter AS, PW switch

Access Node

DSL, WiMAX, Ethernet

Aggregation Node

Distribution Node

MPLS / IP
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

IP, MPLS
Cisco Public

MPLS
75

MSE Service Edge


Business Ethernet Services
Aggregation Network implements a transport
function based on EoMPLS pseudowires

Business
L3 VPN

EoMPLS PW

Port, 1Q, QInQ

Ethernet

MPLS-VPN
QinQ

Ethernet UNI

Business
E-LAN

Business
E-LINE

Port, 1Q, QinQ

EoMPLS Pseudowire
EoMPLS PW

Ethernet

VPLS

QinQ

Ethernet

Port, 1Q, QinQ

Efficient
Access

MSE implements service


network forwarding and
access SLA enforcement

QinQ

Intelligent
Edge

Large Scale
Aggregation

Multiservice
Core

UNI
rnet
Ethe

MSE
Access Node

Eth
ern
et U
NI

Aggregation Node

Distribution Node

MSE

DSL, WiMAX, Ethernet

MPLS / IP
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

IP, MPLS
Cisco Public

MPLS
76

VoD CAC
Aggregation Network Diffserv RSVP
Distribution Node
Interface GigabitEthernet 1/0/1.1
!Aggregation Trunk, 10Gb allocated for VoD;
stream 4Mb
ip rsvp bandwidth 10000000 4000
ip rsvp data-packet classification none

Aggregation Node
Interface VLAN 10
!DSLAM trunk, 250Mb allocated for VoD; stream 4Mb
ip rsvp bandwidth 250000 4000
ip rsvp listener outbound reply
ip rsvp data-packet classification none
1. STB HTTP GET(URL) requests VoD stream

3. RSVP PATH, VoD stream BW

RSVP Receiver Proxy CAC

4. RSVP RESV, VoD stream BW

2. RSVP PATH, VoD stream BW

5. RSVP RESV, VoD stream BW

RSVP Receiver CAC

6. HTTP 200 OK (Response to SETUP (URL))

Efficient

Large Scale

Access

Aggregation
Bandwidth Pool

VoD Servers
and Middleware
Bandwidth Pool

IP Unicast & Multicast PIM SSM


Access Node

Aggregation Node

DSL, Ethernet

Distribution Node

IP

MPLS or IP
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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Cisco Public

77

TV Broadcast CAC on the


Access Node Interface
Multicast CAC Models
Single Mroute state
limits
Multiple Mroute state
limits
Cost factor Mroute
state limits

Single Mroute state


limits

Multiple Mroute state


limits

Cost factor Mroute


state limits

Limits the number of


different multicast
streams sent towards
the DSL Access Node

Limits the number of


multicast streams sent
towards DSLAM, per
TV programs bundles

Enables bandwidth
CAC control per TV
bundles or content
providers

Access UNI
IP Unicast & Multicast PIM SSM or
RFC2547bis (Unicast &Multicast) MPLS VPN
N:1 VLAN

Efficient

Large Scale

Intelligent

Access

Aggregation

Edge

Access Node

DSL, Ethernet

Aggregation Node

Core

Distribution Node

MPLS / IP
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

Multiservice

PPP, IP, MPLS

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Cisco Public

MPLS
78

QOS Model: Downstream


Residential Triple Play Services
Access

Aggregation

Edge

BRAS Shaped/Policed Rate = DSL train rate


Shaping
Queuing &
scheduling

Aggregate
DiffServ

Per access line DiffServ/


ATM or IEEE 802.1P COS

Marking

BNG

Policing

Per sub (PPPoE) H-QOS

Parent Shaper

Child Diffserv scheduler

Marking COS
IPoE sessions can only be
Aggregate policed on aggregate

Scheduling

R*

R*

DiffServ

VoD ucast
IPTV mcast
R*

Core Node

Residential

BNG

R*
R* Point of Replication

STB

CPE

Access Node

Aggregation Node

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

VOD TV

Distribution Node

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Core Node
79

QOS Model: Downstream


MSE L2/L3 VPN Services
Access

Aggregate
DiffServ

Shaping
Queuing &
scheduling

Edge

Aggregation

MSE Shaped Rate = DSL train rate

Marking
Policing
Scheduling

Default class based


queuing policy, to
minimize delay and
jitter for Voice/Video

MSE
Per QinQ UNI HQOS parent shape,
child Diffserv
scheduling, marking
and policing

Access Interface

Business
Corporate

CPE

Access Node

Aggregation Node
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

Distribution Node

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

MSE
80

QOS Model: Downstream


Aggregation Network L2/L3 VPN Services
Access
Shaping
Queuing &
scheduling

Edge

Aggregation
Per subscriber service
instance, hierarchical
OQS with parent
shaper and child
queuing, policing and
marking

Default class based


queuing policy, to
minimize delay and
jitter for Voice/Video

Marking

Aggregate
DiffServ

Policing
Scheduling

Shaped Rate = Access Line Rate

Access Interface

Aggregation Node

Business
Corporate

CPE

Access Node

Aggregation Node
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Distribution Node
Cisco Public

Core Node
81

Baseline Network Availability


Mechanism
1.

IP Services:
Fast IGP/BFD convergence
Multicast fast convergence

2.

MPLS Services:
Pseudowire redundancy
MPLS TE-FRR Link and Node protection with IP services, PW/VPLS PW tunnel selection

3.

MPLS/IP Services use a combination of MPLS TE-FRR and fast


IGP/PIM convergence
Efficient

Large Scale

Intelligent

Access

Aggregation

Edge

Multiservice

Core

BNG
Access Node

Aggregation Node

Distribution Node
MSE

DSL, Ethernet

MPLS / IP
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

PPP, IP, MPLS

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Cisco Public

MPLS

82

Residential Services
Active/Backup Aggregation Node Redundancy

PPPoE sessions

Gateway for VOD/IPTV

W
LS P
EoMP

VLAN 10
VLAN 10

EoMP
LS PW

VLAN 10

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution
2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

BNG
83

Residential Services
Active/Active Aggregation Node Redundancy
PPPoE sessions

Gateway for VOD/IPTV

W
LS P
EoMP

VLAN 10

VFI

VLAN 10

EoMP
LS P
W

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

BNG

84

Residential Services
Active/Backup Access Node Redundancy
Gateway for VOD/IPTV
Aggregation Node
VRRP/HSRP

PPPoE sessions

EoMPLS PW

EoMPLS PW

Ac
tiv
eU
pli
nk
1

VLAN 10

BNG
PPPoE load sharing

Gateway for VOD/IPTV


up
ck
Ba
k
lin
Up

EoMPLS PW

VLAN 10

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

BNG

85

Residential Services
Active/Active Access Node Redundancy

Gateway for VOD/IPTV


Aggregation Node
VRRP/HSRP
STP
Root

PPPoE sessions

EoMPLS PW

EoMPLS PW

EoMPLS PW

VLAN 10

BNG
PPPoE load sharing

Gateway for VOD/IPTV

X
MST/RST
Native VLAN

EoMPLS PW

VLAN 10

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution
2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

BNG
86

Residential Services
ETTH/WiMAX Access Rings Redundancy

ETTH STP Node

Gateway for VOD/IPTV

Blocked
PORT

Aggregation Node
VRRP/HSRP

PPPoE sessions

VFI
EoMPLS PW

STP
Root

EoMPLS PW

ETTH STP Node

EoMPLS PW

N:1 VLAN [10 ]

BNG
PPPoE load sharing

Gateway for VOD/IPTV

MST/RST
Native VLAN

VFI
EoMPLS PW

ETTH STP Node

2x10GE

Access

2x10GE

Aggregation
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution
2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

BNG
87

Residential Services
MPLS/IP TV Broadcast Service High Availability
PIM/SSM Routing with Fast Convergence + BFD for fast failure
detection 300 ms node failure recovery
EoMPLS PW

TR-FRR 50 ms link
failure recovery

MPLS/IP Aggregation Network


any physical topology
EoMPLS PWs with TE-FRR link protection

interface vlan 100


xconnect 10.0.0.3 101 encapsulation mpls
ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

20xGE

Access

2x10GE

AggregationCisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

Distribution
2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

Core
88

Summary

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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Cisco Public

89

System Components Overview


Network Access, Network Management, Service Management, OAM Subsystems
ANA 4.1 (Alice Springs + CE Assurance Manager), CNR, BAC

CPEs

Access Nodes

Aggregation Node

Distribution Node

Edge Nodes

DSL
Res: Linksys WAG310G

ADSL2+

Cisco 7604, 7609S


RSP720

Cisco 7609S

Cisco ASR-1000
RP1/RP2

Res: SA DDR2200
Bus: ISR x800
Ethernet
Res: Genexis
Bus: ISR x800,

ISAM 7302

RSP720
ES40

ES40
Ethernet
ME-3400E

Software
12.2(33)SRD

Cat 4500E
ME-X45-SUP6-E

ESP10/ESP20

Software
Cisco 12400

12.2(33)SRD

PRP2
SIP600/601

ME-X4624-SFP-E

Bus: ME3400
PON
Wave 7

Customer
Premises

Large Scale
Aggregation Network

Efficient
Access Network

Intelligent
Services Edge

BNG

CPE

Access Node

Aggregation Node

Distribution Node
MSE

DSL, PON Ethernet

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

MPLS/IP over DWDM

MPLS/IP over DWDM


2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Core

Cisco Public

90

Ciscos Carrier Ethernet Approach


Build IP Clouds, Tunnel Where Necessary
Portal

Monitoring

Billing

Mobile

Subscriber
Database

Identity

Address
Mgmt

Policy
Definition

J
Policy Control Plane
Residential

Access

Edge/Aggregation

Edge
BSC

RNC

CEoIP

PSTN

WIMAX
SBC

STB
Business

DSL

Corporate

CEoIP

MPLS/IP
IPTV routed
HSI/Business MPLS
PW

BRAS

MPLS/IP

DPI
Residential

ETTx

IP

MSE
SBC

PON
STB

Aggregation

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

Distribution
VOD
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Cisco Public

TV

SIP
91

Video Quality Enablers


Content Delivery System

Consistent Resiliency

Programming

Link in
metro

Impact
L2
L3

VSO
Node

50K
50ms
<1s

10K
2-3s
<1s

VHO
Node

100K
~2-3s
<1s

Source
at SHE

1M
~2-3s
<1s

Integrated Video CAC


RSVP based (Topology Aware)

Internet
Vault
Arrays

Streamer
Arrays

Streamer
Arrays

Visual Quality Experience


Video Error Concealment
Fast Channel Change

33
44

22
11

VAM

RSVP

VQE
Appliance
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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Cisco Public

92

Future Path to Distributed Services


Drivers for More Clouds and Less Circuits
1.

Reduction of CAPEX and OPEX

100-200K
Subs

Single provisioning point for all services (L2/L3)


Common converged infrastructure
Bandwidth Efficiency

2.

MPLS/IP

Scale
Integration & Distribution = Scale

3.

Single Point
of Scale

Enhanced resiliency
Automated rerouting, no need for interbox
redundancy (VRRP)
Evolution to zero-loss video failover (0 ms)

4.

Monitoring, control, billing of future


services

Centralized BRAS/PE
8-24K
Subs

Video 2.0: P2P legal distribution model


Local content injection

5.

MPLS/IP
Distributed
Points
of Scale

However SP Org. structures will be


diverse
Cisco supports circuit and cloud models
Organizational consolidation may lead to acceptance
for cloud network configuration
Trend started in challengers and some ILECs
Cisco Networkers
followed
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Distributed Residential 3Play

Cisco Public

93

Distributed Residential Services Edge


Target Architecture Overview
Mobile

Build Clouds,
Not Circuits for
Ultimate Scale
and Efficiency

Carrier Ethernet
Foundation for
Flexibility and
Convergence
Access

Edge/Aggregation

Residential

Integrate SEF
Intelligence
with Network
Layer
Edge/Core

MSPP

Cable
STB
Business

DSL

Corporate

Residential

MPLS/IP

MPLS/IP

ETTx

PON
STB

PE/P

CEoIP
IMS
ISG
Video

PE/P

Residential Edge
/ Aggregation

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Business Edge /
Core

Cisco Public

94

IPoDWDM in the Aggregation Network


IPoDWDM linecard with pluggable optics
Transponder
Integrated into 7600

DWDM

G.709/FEC

CRS

7600

7600

7600

ROADM

IPoDWDM 40G with Ethernet Services:


4x10GE and 2x10GE based on ES+40

G.709/FEC/OAM Capability
DFC Version 3CXL
Supported on all existing 7600 chassis
XFP Pluggable DWDM Optics
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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Cisco Public

95

IEEE 802.1ah Service Aggregation Model


E-LAN service instance:
EVPLAN: Local, Access Network C-VLAN
EPLAN: Local Port, Access Network S-VLAN
Integrated Edge Node provides:
H-VPLS with 802.1ah IB-BEB MAC tunneling with each ELAN
mapped in a different ISID, all ELAN access EFPs in the same
C-MAC bridge
VPLS auto discovery
EPLAN: Port
Classify default
EPLAN: QinQ Access
Classify S-VLAN
Ingress Pop S-VLAN symmetric
EVPLAN: 802.1q Access
Classify C-VLAN
Ingress Pop C-VLAN symmetric

802.1q or QinQ

802.1q or QinQ

C-MAC
BD2

VFI
B-MAC
BD

C-MAC
BD2

20xGE

Access

VFI

ISID-1
ISID-1

802.1q or QinQ

802.1q or QinQ

The Distribution Node provides


H-VPLS, connecting the Integrated Edge
Node access pseudowires
VPLS auto discovery

H-VPLS Transport

VPLS PW

ISID-2
ISID-2

2x10GE

Cisco Networkers

Aggregation
Argentina 2008

20xGE

2x10GE

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Distribution
Cisco Public

Core 96

Residential Services Architecture


VPLS+802.1ah Carrier Ethernet Transport
The Service Edge may be located in a different POP.
The transport services are extended over the Core Network.
SP: VPLS/BVLAN Instance
Access Node: ISID Instance
Trunk or
IP unicast

Non Trunk UNI


MVR

N:1 or 1:1 VLANs

802.1ah over
H-VPLS Transport

MVR

Core+MSE

BNG

MPLS/IP Transport with


IP multicast or P2MPTE or MVPN MLDP
802.1ad NNI

MVR

N:1 VLAN
IP Multicast

Efficient Access
Network

Core+MSE

BNG

Large Scale
Aggregation Network

Intelligent
Service Edge

Multiservice
Core

802.1ah into VPLS


Access Node

DSL, PON, Ethernet

Aggregation Node

Distribution Node

802.1ah
over MPLS (VPLS)
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

BNG

MPLS/IP
Cisco Public

Core+MSE

MPLS/IP
97

Business Services Architecture


VPLS+802.1ah Carrier Ethernet Transport
ISID for Access Node
L3VPN subscribers

ISID for ELINE service


MPLS VPN

MVR

802.1ad NNI

MSE

MVR

MPLS/IP Transport

H-VPLS Transport

E-LAN VPN

802.1ad NNI

MVR

MPLS VPN

MSE
ISID for ELAN service

Efficient Access
Network

Large Scale
Aggregation Network

Intelligent
Service Edge

Multiservice
Core

802.1ah into VPLS

Access Node

DSL, PON, Ethernet

Aggregation Node

802.1ah over MPLS (VPLS)


Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

Core + MSE

Distribution Node

MPLS/IP

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Cisco Public

MPLS/IP
98

Summary
1.

Ciscos vision is all services to all screens

2.

Step one on this journey is to get foundation IPTV delivery right

3.

Two fundamental service categories that Cisco recommends to be


treated differently
Transport defined services (TDS): internet access, business/wholesale services
Managed applications services (MAS) : video, (voice)

4.

Cisco IP multicast is key technology for efficient delivery of IPTV

5.

To deliver on expected user experience for MAS


Need CAC + per-service QoS with 10-6 loss for video
Need layer 3 distributed edge for efficient transport, consistent resiliency, to enable pathbased CAC

6.

Ciscos IP NGN service optimized network layer can provide this


solution today

7.

Future developments:
Architectural convergence via IPoDWDM
Better MAC scalability via 802.1ah-based aggregation
Going into the Distributed Single-edge direction
Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

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Cisco Public

99

Q and A

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

10
0

Recuerde siempre
1.

2.

Apagar su telfono celular mientras dure la sesin.

Completar su evaluacin y entregarla a la asistente de sala.

3. Ser puntual en todas las actividades de entrenamiento,


almuerzos y eventos sociales para lograr un desarrollo ptimo
de la agenda.

4. Completar la evaluacin general incluida en su material y


entregarla el mircoles 12 de Noviembre durante la tarde.

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

10
1

MUCHAS GRACIAS !!!!!

Recuerde Completar su Formulario de Evaluacin !


Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

10
2

Cisco Networkers
Argentina 2008

2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public

10
3