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Vector Addition

Objective:

To determine the force which balances two other forces. This result is

checked by adding the two forces by using their components and by

graphically adding the forces.

Introduction: Upon the completion of the experiment, the student will be able to

determine the force which balance two other forces by experiment and

could check the experiment result with the method of components and

graphically adding.

Materials:

mass set, string, and protractor.

Methods:

1. The apparatus is placed on a level table.

2. The desirable free body diagram is sketched out.

3. The turning knob of the pulley bracket is loosened. The three pulley bracket is

mounted on the protractor plate.

4. The pulley bracket is set to desirable angle and the turning knob is tightened.

5. Both of the screws at the side of the bracket are adjusted. The screws are

ensured not to be too tight nor too lose. The pulley are ensured able to turn

smoothly.

6. The ring is placed to the centre of the protractor.

7. The three cords are placed to the three pulleys.

8. A weight hanger is placed to each of the cord.

9. The desirable weight is placed to each of the hanger and the movement of the

ring is observed.

10. If the ring touches the centre rod, this implies that the system is not in

equilibrium position.

11. The following masses are hanged on two pulleys and the pulleys are clamped

at the given angles:

Force A = 50g at 0

Force B = 100g at 120

Results:

Equilibrant ( )

Method

Magnitude

Experiment

0.80

Component

0.86

Graphical

As shown below

Direction ()

As shown below

Discussion:

Method 1:

In method 1, by just using the ME-9447 force table the third force can be obtained.

Hence, from method 1 the equilibrant force is obtained which is

Magnitude: 0.80N

Direction:

Method 2:

This method contains of two components which is component x (

component y ( and ). The forces are calculated as shown below.

-component = 1.0 cos 60 which is equals to 0.5000 N

and ) and

After the forces above calculated, both x and y components are added together

respectively.

+

, Where = 40.9

From formula

is equals to

which

= 1.3229 N.

Conclusion:

By testing using the two methods above, it is shown that both methods are obtaining

distinctive results. Hence, it is better to determine the resultant force by using method

2 as it is more theoretical and more accurate as it is based on formula and calculation

comparing to the artificial and hand adjusted force table, which might be inaccurate.

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