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SAP system is full what to do as Basis consultant?

If file systems in SAP server is full, what needs to be done?


How to avoid file system full in SAP?
How to delete unnecessary files in file systems of SAP?
How to delete core files in SAP?
How to delete trace files in SAP?
How to delete stat files manually in SAP?
What is the transaction code used to delete stat files manually in SAP?
What are various reports to be run to cleanup when file system is full?
How to prune the file systems in SAP?
How to delete old archive files in SAP?
What is the location of work and data directories in SAP?
What is the location of global directory in SAP?
Can we delete old page file and role files when the SAP system is online?
What is the sap parameter to set the trace level in SAP?

Sometimes, a basis consultant will get alerts or information from customers that the
file systems are full. To avoid system issues and to increase uptime of the SAP
system, in those cases, we have 2 options.

Delete un-necessary files in the file system

In case you found file system is defined as too small then increase the size of
them.
In this article, am covering the option 1 mentioned above.
Let us assume that the system id(SID) of the sap system is CR1. Then the
i) Work directory in (Unix, WindowsNT operating system) is
/usr/sap/CR1/DVEBMGSnn/work
(where nn is the instance number)
ii) data directory in (Unix, WindowsNT) is
/usr/sap/CR1/DVEBMGSnn/data (where nn is the instance number)
iii)
Global directory (i.e. for all instances) is
/sapmnt/CR1/global (for UNIX)
\\<sapglobalhost>\sapmnt\CR1\sys\global (for Windows)
Please follow below steps to avoid this issue:
1. Delete core files from work directory
Work directory in Unix often contains old core files which were generated due to
previous program terminations. These core files need to be deleted
2. Delete old log files and spool files
Under global directory there will be many log files which can be deleted regularly.
Those files are
Log file type
Naming Convention
Spool requests
nnnSPOOL (where nnn=client)

Job logs
nnnJOBLG
Batch input logs
BI<hostname><instance-number>
Following reports can be run using SE38 or through background job for selective
deletion of the files mentioned above.
RSPO0041 - This report is used for deletion of old spool files
RSBTCDEL Used for deletion of old job logs
RSBDCREO - Report can be used for deletion of batch input log files and
reorganization.
3. Deletion of old ABAP/4 trace files
Some trace files with the name AT<instance number>nnnn will be in the data
directory. Old files of this type can be deleted. The maximum available space for all
files is defined by the parameter abap/atrasizequota. Also transaction SE30 can be
used to delete the files.
4. Deletion of old archiving files
When old data is archived, some files are written to the global directory. The naming
convention of those files is Rxxmmddn (xx= application, mm= month, dd=day,
n=number). For example, RMM11056
If these files are already saved on tape and these data is no longer required for
productive operation, then these files can be deleted from the disk
5. Deletion of old output requests
Output requests are normally stored on the data directory. Naming convention will
be like SP*. Under normal scenarios, they are deleted automatically when the output
is completed. In case you see they are not getting deleted, you can delete the same
6. Page file and Roll file
Under the data directory, normally page files and roll files are stored. Naming
convention will be like PAGFILnn and ROLLFLnn(where nn is the instance number).
Please note that page file and roll files can only be deleted when the corresponding
SAP instance is offline.
Deleting these files hardly makes any sense because these files will start growing
to the allowed maximum extent during the R/3 system start up. However in some
special scenarios (during or after client copy), the required space can be retrieved
by deleting these files. As mentioned earlier, please note that this can be done only
when the instance is offline.
The maximum size of the roll file is given by
(rdisp/ROLL_MAXFS rdisp/ROLL_SHM) * 8 Kbytes
A similar formula applies to the paging file also.
In some scenarios, to avoid the file system full issue, we can even move these page
and roll files to a different file system by defining alternate values for R/3
parameters DIR_ROLL and DIR_PAGING
7. Deletion of Old sort and Extract files
By the ABAP commands SORT and EXTRACT, temporary files are created. The
location of these files is set using profile parameter DIR_SORT or DIR_EXTRACT.
The temporary files for sort are named S+++++++<Extension> (On Windows .dat
is used as extension and on Unix there is no extension). Similarly for Extract, E+++
++++<Extension> will be the file naming convention.

These files will be automatically deleted after the execution of these SORT and
EXTRACT commands. However, in some scenarios, an abrupt termination can
happen and these files wont get deleted automatically. Those old files can be
deleted by an administrator.
The exact file names for these are stored in the profile parameters FN_SORT or
FN_EXTRACT
8. Deletion of trace files
Trace files are created during a new system startup and they can be deleted. They
are contained in the work directory
9. Deletion of stat file or moving to different location
Please check whether the stat file which consists the work load statistics, has not
been reorganized for some time and has therefore become too large. In emergency
cases, this file can be either deleted manually or can be moved to different location.
To delete the stat file manually, please proceed as follows:
Go to ST03 transaction; call the delete function on the relevant instance by
choosing:
Workload -> Reorganize -> Delete seq.stat.file
To change the location of stat file, change the value of system parameter stat/file
to a new location.
10. Deletion of job logs at operating system level
In some emergency cases, where you cannot start the R/3 system at all, the
measure is to delete the job logs at operating system level and run RSBTCDEL
report in forced mode.
Note: How to delete job logs at operating system level will be covered in a separate
article later
11. Changing the trace level
If the trace files (dev_*) in the work directory are very large (normal size 0.1 to
20Kbyte), it is likely that the trace level is set to very high value. In SAP,
rdisp/TRACE parameter is used to set the trace level. Normal value for trace is 1.
Please cross check this SAP parameter and reset to 1 if the value is maintained as 2
or higher. If this value is set to high, much more detailed trace will be collected and
trace file sizes are likely to increase. Therefore recommending to decrease or set
the trace level to 1.
Please refer below link to know, how to set the trace level in SAP.
However, if after carrying out all the above steps there is no improvement, then
please consider to increase the file system size by requesting space to the relevant
team