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CalculateVaporLoss|UNIMAC
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GasCompressionSolutions
VAPORRECOVERYUNIT

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CALCULATEVAPORLOSS

CALCULATEVAPORLOSS
Threesourcesofvaporemission
Flashlossesoccurwhencrudeistransferredfromcontainmentata
highpressuretocontainmentatalowerpressure
Workinglossesoccurwhencrudelevelschangeandwhencrude
inthetankisagitated
Breathinglossesoccurwithdailyandseasonaltemperatureand
pressurechanges
Numerouscalculationmethodsforcalculatinglosses/VOCemissionsare
available,twopopularmethodsare:
VasquezBeggsEquation(VBE)
Anequationofstate(EOS)calculationprogramsuchasE&PTank
VBEEquationTheVBEwasdevelopedin1980aspartofaresearch
projectattheUniversityofTulsa.Morethan6,000samplesfromoilfields
worldwidewereusedindevelopingcorrelationstopredictoilproperties.
TheVBEcanbeutilizedasadefaultmethodtoestimatepotential
flashinglosses/VOCemissionsfromhydrocarbonstoragetanks.
Thisequationhaseightinputvariables:stocktankAPIgravity,separatorpressure(psig),temperature(F),andgasspecificgravity,volumeofproduced
hydrocarbons(bbls/day),molecularweightofthestocktankgas,VOCfractionofthetankemissionsandatmosphericpressure(psia).TheVBEestimates
thedissolvedGORofahydrocarbonsolutionasafunctionoftheseparatortemperature,pressure,gasspecificgravity,andliquidAPIgravity.
Flashinglosses/emissionsfromtheVOCstoragetankarethenestimatedbymultiplyingtheGORbythetankthroughput,thestocktankgasmolecular
weight,andtheweightfractionofVOCinthegases.Thismethodwasdesignedforgasesdissolvedincrudeoils.Theequationisavailableinaspreadsheet
format(EXCEL)andcanbedownloadedfromtheODEQwebsite.
VBEEquasionExcelformat
E&PTank
E&PTANKisasoftwareprogramdesignedforuseonpersonalcomputersdevelopedinanefforttoestimatetheworking,breathingandflashing
componentsofhydrocarbonproductiontanks.TheE&PTANKprogramisbasedonthePengRobinson(PR)EOS.AnEOSisamathmaticalequation
relatingtotherelationshipsbetweenthermodynamicvariablessuchaspressure,temperature,andvolumeofaspecificmaterialintheromdynamic
equilibrium
Theminimuminputsneededforthemodelareseparatoroilcomposition,separatortemperatureandpressure,salesoilAPIgravityandReidVaporPressure
(RVP),andsalesoilproductionrateandambienttemperatureandpressure.Theseparatoroilcompositioncanbedeterminedusingananalysisofthelow
pressureseparatoroil,highpressureseparatoroil,orlowpressureseparatorgas,orusingananalysisfromthegeographicaldatabaseprovidedwiththe
program.
Thedatabaseissortedbygeographicregion,salesoilphysicalproperties,andseparatorpressureandseparatortemperature.Theselectedcaseshouldbe
selectedsuchthattheparametersaresimilartoyourparticularfacility.Usingtheseinputs,theprogramestimatesflashinglosses/emissionsaswellas
workingandbreathinglosses.TheAPI4697programcostsabout$532(fornonmembersin2012)fromtheAmericanPetroleumInstitute(API).

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