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# UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN

Faculty
Course

## Engineering and Science

Unit
Code

Bachelor of Engineering
(Hons) Chemical / Civil/
Material/ Mechatronic/
Mechanical Engineering

:
Year

2015/2016

Session

201605

Lecturer

: UEME 2123

## Dr. Bee Soo Tueen/ Ir. Chong

: Kok Chung/ Mr P. Prakas A/L

S.Palanychamy

## Tutorial 1 (Chapter 1: Introduction to Fluid Mechanics)

1)
The force, F, of the wind blowing against a building is given by F = CD V2A/2 where V
is the wind speed, the density of the air, A the cross-sectional area of the building, and CD is a
constant termed the drag coefficient. Determine the dimensions of the drag coefficient.
2) A certain object weighs 300N at the Earths surface. Determine the mass of the object (in
kilograms) and its weight (in newtons) if located on the moons surface where the gravitational
attraction is approximately one-sixth at the Earths surface.
3) A rigid tank contains air at a pressure of 620 kPa and a temperature of 15oC. By how much
will the pressure increase as the temperature is increased to 43oC?
4) For air at standard atmospheric pressure the value of the constants that appear in the
Sutherland equation are C = 1.458 x 10-6 kg/(m.s.K1/2) and S = 110.4K. Use these values to
predict the viscosity of air at 10oC and 90oC and compare with values given in Table B.4 in the
appendix.
5) A 10 kg block slides down a smooth inclined surface as shown in the figure. Determine the
terminal velocity of the block if the 0.1 mm gap between the block and the surface contain SAE
30 oil at 15oC. Assume the velocity distribution in the gap is linear, and the area of the block in
contact with the oil is 0.1 m2.

## 6) A 1 m3 volume of water is contained in a rigid container. Estimate the change in the

volume of the water when piston applies a pressure of 35MPa.
7) An open 2 mm diameter tube is inserted into a pan of ethyl alcohol, and a similar 4 mm
diameter tube is inserted into a pan of water. In which tube will the height of the rise of the fluid
column due to capillary action be the greatest? Assume the angle of contact is the same for both
tubes.
(Chapter 2: Fluid Statics)
1) A mercury manometer is connected to a large reservoir of water as shown in the figure.
Determined the ratio, hw/hm, of the distance hw and hm indicated in the figure

2) A U-tube manometer is connected to a closed tank as shown in the figure. The air pressure
in the tank is 3.4 kPa and the liquid in the tank is oil ( = 8.5kN/m3). The pressure at point A is
13.78 kPa. Determine: (a) the depth of oil, z and (b) the differential reading, h on the manometer.

## 2 UEME 2123 Fluid Mechanics 1

3) Determine the elevation difference, h, between the water levels in the two open tanks
shown in the figure.

4) An inverted 0.1 m diameter circular cylinder is partially filled with water and held in place
as shown in the figure. A force of 20 N is needed to pull the flat plate from the cylinder.
Determine the air pressure within the cylinder. The place is not fastened to the cylinder and has
negligible mass.