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Final Review 16

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You are on page 1of 6

Operations with Matrices

Analyze Data Once data are organized in a matrix, they can be analyzed and interpreted. Sometimes, the sums or

averages of rows or columns provide further analysis. Other times, the sums or averages provide data that are

meaningless.

a. What is the average student ticket price?

To find the average student ticket price, add the

elements of the second column and divide by 2.

12+15

2

= 13.5

Chapter 3

31

Glencoe Algebra 2

Studen

Child

Adult

t

Cost Purchased in

Advance

$6

$12

$18

Cost Purchased at

the Door

$8

$15

$22

Chapter 3

31

Glencoe Algebra 2

8+15+22

3

= 15

c. Would adding the rows provide any meaningful information? Explain your reasoning.

No. The sum of a row provides the total of the prices. This total provides no useful information.

Exercise

CONSTRUCTION During each of the last three weeks,

a road-building crew has used three truckloads of gravel.

The table at the right shows the amount of gravel in each

load.

Chapter 3

Week 1

31

Week 2

Week 3

Load 1

40 tons

Load 1

40 tons

Load 1

32 tons

Load 2

32 tons

Load 2

40 tons

Load 2

24 tons

Load 3

24 tons

Load 3

32 tons

Load 3

24 tons

Glencoe Algebra 2

b. What was the total amount of gravel delivered by Load 2?

c. Which load delivered the most gravel per load?

d. During which week was the average load the greatest?

Chapter 3

32

Glencoe Algebra 2

Operations with Matrices

Algebraic Operations Matrices with the same dimensions can be added together or one can be subtracted

from the other.

[ ] [ ] [

[ ] [ ] [

Addition of Matrices

Subtraction of Matrices

a b c

d e f

g h i

j k l

m n o

p q r

a+ j b+ k c +l

d+ m e+n f +o

g+ p h+q i+r

a b c

d e f

g h i

j k l

m n o

p q r

a j bk

dm en

g p hq

cl

f o

ir

Example 1: Perform the indicated operations. If the matrix does not exist, write impossible.

a.

[

[

6 7

2 12

] [

] [

[

[

6 7

2 12

Chapter 3

]

]

4

2

5 6

4

2

5 6

b.

6+ 4

7+2

2+(5) 12+(6)

10 5

3 18

32

[ ] [ ]

[ ] [ ]

2 8

3 4

10 7

4 3

2 1

6 8

2 8

3 4

10 7

4 3

2 1

6 8

[ ]

24

8(3)

3(2) 41

10(6)

78

6 11

5 5

16 1

Glencoe Algebra 2

Scalar Multiplication

Example 2: Find 4

12

6

15 4

6 13 9 8

12

6

15 4

6 13 9 8

] [

=

4(12) 4(6)

4(15) 4(4)

4 (6) 4 (13) 4(9) 4 (8)

Exercises

Perform the indicated operations. If the matrix does not exist, write impossible.

1.

8

7

10 6

4 5

3. 3

2 3

] [

4

3

2 12

2.

4. 2

6 5 9

3 4 5

[ ]

8 1

0 5

6 6

] [

+

+4

4 3 2

6 9 4

1 0 1

5 10 15

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