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Wordlist for vocabulary section

reside /rzad/
signify /sg.n.fa/
sprawl /sprl/
survey /s.ve/

Unit 26
NOUNS
area /e.ri./
belief /blif/
benefits /ben.fts/
commuter /kmju.t/
construction

ADJECTIVES
accessible /kses..bl/
affluent /f.lu.nt/
affordable /f.d.bl/
bike-friendly /bak frend.li/
car-mad /k md/
commercial /km.l/
convenient /knvi.ni.nt/
crime-free /kramfri/
cultural /kl.tr.l/
demolished /dml.t/
developed /dvel.pt/
environmental

/knstrk.n/

consequences
/kn.s.kwnsz/
costs /ksts/

criminology
/krm.nl..di/

demolition /dem.l.n/
developer /dvel..pr/
development

/nva.rn.men.tl/

/dvel.p.mnt/

downside /dan.sad/
environment
/nva.rn.mnt/

environmentalist
/nva.rnmen.tl.st/

estate /stet/
exhaust /gzst/
fumes /fjumz/
impact /m.pkt/
installation /n.stle.n/
metropolis /mtrp.l.s/
neighbourhood
/ne.b.hd/

outskirts /at.skts/
pollution /plu.n/
pollutant /plu.tnt/
psychology /sakl..di/
resident /rez..dnt/
residence /rez..dns/
rush hour /r.ar/
sprawl /sprl/
suburb /sb.b/
surveillance /sve.lns/
system /ss.tm/

VERBS
combat /km.bt/
demolish /dml./
develop /dvel.p/
explode /kspld/
include /nklud/
install /nstl/
pollute /plut/
prioritise /prar..taz/

explosive /kspl.sv/
gridlocked /rd.lkt/
inclusive /nklu.sv/
incredible /nkred..bl/
integral /n.t.grl/
major /me.dr/
pet-friendly /petfrend.li/
polluted /plutd/
psychological
/sa.kld..kl/

remote /rmt/
residential /rez.den.l/
rural /r.rl/
run-down /rndan/
significant /sgnf..knt/
sprawling /spr.l/
undeveloped
/n.dvel.pt/
urban /.bn/
vibrant /va.brnt/
work-mad /wkmd/

ADVERBS
densely /dens.li/
obsessively /bses.vli/
seriously /s.ri.s.li/
socially /s.l.i/
surprisingly /spra.z.li/

NOUN PHRASES
a significant drop in
air pollution
an incredible range of
an integral part of

commuter belt
crime levels
crime rate
exhaust fumes
give and take
hustle and bustle
local residents
negative consequences
open spaces
peace and quiet
pedestrian area
public transport system
pros and cons
psychological benefits
rush-hour traffic
surveillance system
the cost of living
tourist attraction
traffic congestion
traffic jam
ups and downs
urban sprawl

VERB PHRASES
be densely populated
be obsessed with sth
be steeped in history
be socially inclusive
come into contact with sb/sth
conduct a study
have little impact on
hop on (a bus/train)

Unit 27
NOUNS
accumulation
/kju.mjle.n/

accuracy /k.j.r.si/
ancestor /n.ses.tr/
ancestry /n.ses.tri/
appointment
/pnt.mnt/

archive /.kav/
autobiography
/.t.bag.r.fi/

branch /brnt/
descendant /dsen.dnt/
descent /dsent/
embellishment
/mbel..mnt/

entry /en.tri/

fact /fkt/
fragment /frg.mnt/
hurdle /h.dl/
multitude /ml.t.tjud/
mystery /ms.tr.i/
myth /m/
note /nt/
process /pr.ses/
record /rkd/
reminiscence
/rem.ns.ns/

roots /ruts/
scrap /skrp/
source /ss/
trace /tres/
verification
/ver..fke.n/

verifier /ver.fa./

VERBS
accumulate
/kju.mj.let/

conduct /kndkt/
confront /knfrnt/
consider /knsd.r/
dig /dg/
disclose /dsklz/
document /dk.j.mnt/
embellish /mbel./
expose /kspz/
formulate /f.mj.let/
hoard /hd/
originate /rd..net/
overcome /.vkm/
reminisce /rem.ns/
unlock /nlk/
verify /ver..fa/
weigh /we/

ADJECTIVES
accumulated
/kju.mjle.td/

accurate /k.j.rt/
ancestral /nses.trl/
blank /blk/
countless /kant.ls/
embellished /mbel.t/
genealogical
/di.ni.ld..kl/

huge /hjud/
inaccurate /nk.j.rt/
numerous /nju.m.rs/
precious /pre.s/

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reminiscent /rem.ns.nt/
valuable /vl.j.bl/
verified /ver.fad/
verifiable /ver..fa..bl/

ADVERBS
eerily /.r.li/
wildly /wald.li/

NOUN PHRASES
a multitude of
branch of your roots
criminal record
grain of truth
half-price entry
huge amounts of information
line of descent
long-buried secret
skeleton in the cupboard
world record

VERB PHRASES
accumulate information
be eerily reminiscent of sth
be wildly inaccurate
conduct an investigation
cover your tracks
dictate the course of
dig up dirt on sb
document facts
draw the line
expose secrets
gain entry
keep sb in the dark
muddy the waters
put together (from)
(say sth) off the record
sweep sth under the carpet
unlock a mystery
verify facts
weigh up (a decision)
work backwards

Unit 28
NOUNS
audition /d.n/
artefact /.t.fkt/
audience /.di.ns/
back-catalogue
/bk kt.l.g/

blockbuster /blkbs.tr/
capacity /kps..ti/
cast /kst/

celebrity /sleb.r.ti/
chaos /ke.s/
character /kr.k.t/
comedy /km..di/
comic /km.k/
beat /bit/
euphoria /juf.ri./
exhibition /ek.sb.n/
exhilaration
/gzl.re.n/

festival /fes.t.vl/
genius /di.ni.s/
gig /gg/
installation /n.stle.n/
intimacy /n.t.m.si/
irony /a.r.ni/
lines /lanz/
jewellery /du.l.ri/
melancholy /mel..kl.i/
melody /mel..di/
multiplex /ml.t.pleks/
narrative /nr..tv/
novelist /nv.l.st/
orchestra /.k.str/
part /pt/
portrait /p.trt/
premiere /prem.i.e/
replica /rep.l.k/
review /rvju/
routine /rutin/
sculptor /sklp.t/
sculpture /sklp.t/
soloist /s.l.st/
stand-up /stnd.p/
stitches /sttz/
venue /ven.ju/
vocals /vklz/

VERBS
attend /tend/
appreciate /pri.i.et/
book /bk/
compose /kmpz/
conduct /kndkt/
exhibit /gzb.t/
headline /hed.lan/
perform /pfm/
review /rvju/
tour /t/

ADJECTIVES
abrasive /bre.sv/
academic /k.dem.k/
bizarre /bz/
bland /blnd/

boisterous /b.str.s/
challenging /tl.n.d/
chaotic /ket.k/
classic /kls.k/
classical /kls..kl/
contemporary
/kntem.pr.r.i/

cramped /krmpt/
dated /de.td/
devoted /dv.td/
eclectic /klek.tk/
edgy /ed.i/
emotional /m.n.l/
euphoric /jufr.k/
exhilarating /gzl..re.t/
historic /hstr.k/
historical /hstr..kl/
insistent /nss.tnt/
intimate /n.t.mt/
legendary /led.n.dri/
melancholic /mel.kl.k/
melodic /mld.k/
melodramatic
/mel..drmt.k/
memorable /mem.r..bl/
outdoor /atd/
prestigious /prestd.s/
provincial /prvn.l/
raucous /r.ks/
repetitive /rpet..tv/
scientific /santf.k/
star-studded /ststd.d/
subtle /st.l/
surgical /s.d.kl/
syrupy /sr.p.i/
televised /tel..vazd/

understated

provincial theatre
public art gallery
scientific instrument
surgical instrument

VERB PHRASES
appear on stage
appreciate art
be the right word
book a venue
conduct an orchestra
fill a venue
go on stage
have sb in stitches
headline a venue
lead an orchestra
learn by rote
produce a film
shoot a film
take to the stage
write music

Unit 29
NOUNS
expatriate /ekspt.ri.t/
homesickness
/hm.skns/

illegality /l.igl..ti/
immigrant /m..grnt/
legality /ligl..ti/
legalisation
/li.l.aze.n/

migrant /ma.grnt/
pastures /ps.tz/
persecution
/p.skju.n/

/n.dste.td/

unimpressive
/n.mpres.v/

weak /wik/

NOUN PHRASES
a devoted following
a hint of irony
academic performance
ballet company
capacity audience
concert hall
comedy club
great fan of
live music event
medical instrument
multiplex cinema
open-air stadium

persecutor /p.s.kju.t/
settler /set.l/
smuggler /smg.l/
smuggling /sml/
specialism /spe.l..zm/
specialisation
/spe.l.aze.n/

specialist /spe.l.st/
surroundings /sran.dz/

VERBS
embed /mbed/
embitter /mbt./
embody /mbd.i/
empower /mpa/
enable /ne.bl/
encase /nkes/

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encircle /ns.kl/
enclose /nklz/
endanger /nden.dr/
engulf /nglf/
enlarge /nld/
enliven /nla.vn/
enrich /nrt/
grieve /griv/
legalise /li.l.az/
migrate /magret/
overstay /.vste/
persecute /p.s.kjut/
pine /pan/
settle /set.l/
smuggle /smg.l/
specialise /spe.l.az/

VERB PHRASES
be off the menu
do sth like a shot
dream of pastures new
find your feet
go off the beaten track
pine for sth/sb
pull a rug out from under sb
things are looking up
your heart is in (a place)

Unit 30
NOUNS

ADJECTIVES
beaten /bi.tn/
close-knit /klsnt/
desperate /des.pr.t/
endangered /nden.dd/
familiar /fml.i./
homesick /hm.sk/
illegal /li.gl/
insecure /n.skj/
legal /li.gl/
multicoloured
/ml.tikl.d/

multicultural
/ml.tikl.tr.l/

multifunctional
/ml.tifk.n.l/

multilingual
/ml.til.gwl/

multinational

asylum seeker
contract worker
illegal immigrant
multinational corporation
seasonal employee
sense of belonging
sense of duty
sense of humour
sense of loss
sense of responsibility
sense of urgency

/kr.k.trs.tk/

consequences
/knt.s.kwntsz/
exertion /gz.n/
expert /ek.spt/
hazard /hz.d/
hype /hap/
individual /n.dvd.ju.l/
kick /kk/
level /lev.l/
measures /mez/
onset /n.set/
outcome /at.km/
participant /pts..pnt/
precautions /prk.nz/
reaction /rik.n/

representative

/ml.tin.n.l/

persecuted /p.skju.td/
smuggled /smld/
specialised /spe.l.azd/
specialist /spe.l.st/

NOUN PHRASES

adolescence /d.les.ns/
adolescent /d.les.nt/
bungee /bn.di/
buzz /bz/
characteristic

/rep.rzen.t.tv/

response /rspns/
results /rzlts/
risk /rsk/
sample /sm.pl/
scuba /sku.b/
teen /tin/
thrill /rl/
youth /ju/

VERBS
analyse /n.l.az/
anticipate /nts..pet/
avoid /vd/
determine /dt.mn/
display /dsple/
engage /nged/
evaluate /vl.ju.et/

foresee /fsi/
induce /ndjus/
release /rlis/
predict /prdkt/
slip /slp/
stumble /stm.bl/
trip /trp/

ADJECTIVES
associated /s.si.e.td/
content /kntent/
competent /km.p.tnt/
exaggerated
/zd.re.td/

frustrated /frstre.td/
harmful /hm.fl/
hazardous /hz..ds/
physical /fz..kl/
reasonable /ri.zn..bl/
recreational

have a lucky escape


make a choice
make a decision
make a difference
make an effort
make progress
make sure
make use of
take action
take advice
take care
take a chance
take a decision
take effect
take exercise
take part in sth
take precautions
take responsibility
take risks
take steps to do sth

/rek.rie.n.l/

responsible /rspn.s.bl/
risky /rs.ki/
serious /s.ri.s/
satisfied /st.s.fad/
tentative /ten.t.tv/

ADVERBS
potentially /pten.l.i/

NOUN PHRASES
bungee jumping
control measure
dangerous driving
hang-gliding
ice climbing
individual sport
lucky escape
marketing hype
physical exertion
potholing
reasonable precautions
recreational activity
safety expert
scuba diving
skydiving
tentative link
white-water rafting
windsurfing

Unit 31
NOUNS
aggression /gre.n/
arrogance /r..gns/
attractiveness
/trk.tvns/

attraction /trk.n/
attendant /ten.dnt/
bias /ba.s/
capability /ke.pbl..ti/
category /kt..gri/
colleague /kl.ig/
comedian /kmi.di.n/
comedienne /kmi.dien/
competitiveness
/kmpettvns/

competition
/km.pt.n/

connotations
/kn.te.nz/

contribution
/kn.trbju.n/

contributor
/kntrb.j.t/

disadvantage
/ds.dvn.td/

VERB PHRASES

discrimination

do further research
engage in sth
evaluate outcomes
live forever

drive /drav/
equality /kwl..ti/
evidence /ev..dns/
flexibility /flek.sbl..ti/

/dskrm.ne.n/

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forefathers /ff.z/
gender /den.dr/
gift /gft/
gracefulness /res.flns/
grace /gres/
humanity /hjumn..ti/
humankind

biased /ba.st/
competitive /kmpet..tv/
concerned /knsnd/
contributory

/hju.mnkand/
involvement /nvlv.mnt/
leadership /li.d.p/
mankind /mnkand/
midwife /md.waf/
partner /pt.nr/
passivity /psv..ti/

/dskrm..n.tr.i/
dominated /dm.ne.td/
driven /drv.n/
equal /i.kwl/
flexible /flek.s.bl/

perpetuation

gifted /gf.td/
graceful /gres.fl/
historical /hstr..kl/
inadequate /nd..kwt/
inclusive /nklu.sv/
involved /nvlvd/
man-made /mnmed/
marginal /m.d.nl/
muscular /ms.kj.lr/
neutral /nju.trl/
passive /ps.v/
perpetual /ppet.u.l/
powerful /pa.fl/
pure /pj/
rooted /rutd/
sexist /sek.sst/
shocking /k./
submissive /sbms.v/
underpaid /ndped/
voluntary /vl.n.tr.i/

/ppet.ue.n/

power /par/
purity /pj.r.ti/
predecessor /pri.dses.r/
responsibility
/rspn.sbl..ti/

sibling /sb.l/
spouse /spas/
stereotype /ster.i..tap/
stewardess /stju..ds/
subconscious /sbkn.s/
submissiveness
/sbms.vns/

submission /sbm.n/
synthetic /snet.k/

VERBS
categorise /kt..r.az/
clarify /klr..fa/
complete /kmplit/
consider /knsd./
contribute /kntrb.jut/
deem /dim/
discriminate
/dskrm..net/

involve /nvlv/
marginalise
/m.d.nl.az/
overt /vt/
participate /pts..pet/
perpetuate /ppet.u.et/
pursue /psju/
specify /spes..fa/
strengthen /stre.n/

ADJECTIVES
adequate /d..kwt/
aggressive /gres.v/
arrogant /r..gnt/
attractive /trk.tv/
4

/kntrb.j.tr.i/
derogatory /drg..tr.i/

discriminatory

fundamental
/fn.dmen.tl/

ADVERBS
involuntarily
/nvl.n.tr.li/

mainly /men.li/
predominantly
/prdm..nnt.li/

subconsciously
/sbkn.ts.li/

NOUN PHRASES
flight attendant
fundamental beliefs
future life chances
historical disadvantage
mature adult

VERB PHRASES
be concerned about sth
be deeply rooted in the
subconscious

be treated as
contribute to
do sth in a derogatory way
have an enormous impact
on sth
impose restrictions on sth
make inroads
pay attention to
stand by
stand for
stand in for sb
stand out
stand up for
take responsibility for yourself

Unit 32
NOUNS
academy /kd..mi/
apprenticeship
/pren.ts.p/
boarding /b.d/
capability /ke.pbl..ti/
capacity /kps..ti/
charity /tr..ti/
educator /ed.j.ke.t/

establishment
/stb.l.mnt/

faith /fe/
funds /fndz/
graduation
/grd.ue.n/

graduate /grd.u.t/
induction /ndk.n/
influence /n.flu.ns/
innovation /n.ve.n/
innovator /nvet/
insight /n.sat/
lecture /lek.t/
method /me.d/
motivation
/m.tve.n/

special needs
/spe.l nidz/

team building
/tim bl.d/

technical /tek.n.kl/
workshop /wk.p/

VERBS
achieve /tiv/
educate /ed.j.ket/
enable /ne.bl/
establish /stb.l/
foster /fs.t/
graduate /grd.u.t/
influence /n.flu.ns/
innovate /n..vet/
motivate /m.t.vet/
raise /rez/

ADJECTIVES
child-centred
/taldsen.td/

disadvantaged
/ds.dvn.tdd/

educated /ed.j.ke.td/
educational
/ed.jke.n.l/

electrical /lek.tr.kl/
established /stb.lt/
fundamental
/fn.dmen.tl/

hands-on /hnd.zn/
holistic /hls.tk/
innovative /n..v.tv/
influential /n.fluen.l/
interactive /n.trk.tv/
mainstream /men.strim/
motivated /m.tve.td/
motivational
/m.tve.n.l/

motivating /mtvet/
practical /prk.t.kl/
self-motivated
/self m.tve.td/

motivator /mtvet/
nursery /n.sr.i/
objective /bdek.tv/
opportunity

technical /tek.n.kl/
traditional /trd.n.l/

/p.tju.n.ti/
pre-school /pri.skul/
pioneer /pan/
position /pz.n/
potential /pten.l/
release /rlis/
realisation /r.laze.n/
researcher /rst./

firmly /fm.li/
highly /ha.li/
increasingly /nkri.s.li/
newly /nju.li/
politically /plt..kli/
poorly /p.li/
strongly /str.li/

ADVERBS

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fluid /flu.d/
healthcare /hel.ke/
hygiene /ha.din/
immunisation

NOUN PHRASES
children with special needs
boarding school
day release
development opportunity
distance-learning course
early years
faith school
fee-paying school
further education
hands-on experience
higher education
local state school
independent school
primary school
secondary school
special needs
teaching method
team-building day
technical college
training plans

/m.j.naze.n/

immunity /mju.n.ti/
influenza /n.fluen.z/
infection /nfek.n/
injury /n.dr.i/
intake /n.tek/
malnutrition
/ml.njutr.n/

medication /med.ke.n/
medicine /med..sn/
metabolism
/mtb.l..zm/

misconduct
/mskn.dkt/

misdiagnosis
/ms.da.n.ss/
misfortune /msf.tun/

misinformation

VERB PHRASES

/ms.n.fme.n/

apply for a course


be firmly established
be fundamental to sth
be highly educated
be highly influential
be increasingly influential
be newly established
be politically motivated
be poorly educated
be strongly motivated
graduate from university
give insight into sth
have a (good) influence on sb
have a love of sth
have a positive image of
yourself
learn by doing sth
raise funds for charity

Unit 33
NOUNS
appetite /p..tat/
calories /kl.r.iz/
cancer /kn.s/
catastrophe /kts.tr.fi/
dementia /dmen./
depression /dpre.n/
disease /dziz/
epidemic /ep.dem.k/

mismanagement
/msmndmnt/

misrepresentation
/ms.rep.r.zente.n/

obesity /bi.s.ti/
pandemic /pndem.k/
prevention /prven.n/
suppressant /spres.nt/
starvation /stve.n/
toll /tl/
treatment /trit.mnt/

VERBS
cope /kp/
contract /kn.trkt/
detoxify /ditk.s.fa/
immunise /m.j.naz/
infect /nfekt/
medicate /med..ket/
prevent /prvent/
spread /spred/
transmit /trnzmt/
treat /trit/

ADJECTIVES
acute /kjut/
contagious /knte.ds/
critical /krt..kl/
dehydrated
/di.hadre.td/

elderly /el.dl.i/
essential /sen.l/

immune /mjun/
infectious /nfek.s/
infected /nfek.td/
insufficient /n.sf.nt/
medical /med..kl/
medicated /med..ke.td/
metabolic /met.bl.k/
preventable /prven.t.bl/
preventative
/prven.t.tv/

prone /prn/
treatable /tri.t.bl/
untreated /ntri.td/
vital /va.tl/
waterborne /w.t.bn/

ADVERBS
substantially
/sbstn.l.i/

NOUN PHRASES
a balanced diet
access to healthcare
appetite suppressant
death toll
energy intake
heart disease
medical advance
metabolic rate
professional misconduct
rate at which you do sth
regular exercise
respiratory system
the elderly
waterborne disease

VERB PHRASES
be a vital part of sth
be essential to sth
be on a diet
be prone to
be run down
burn calories
lose weight
play an important role
sweep the globe

Unit 34
NOUNS
altitude /l.t.tjud/
authority /r..ti/
awareness /we.ns/
cabin /kb.n/

comeback /km.bk/
dinghy /d.gi/
fraction /frk.n/
income /n.km/
increase /nkris/
journey /d.ni/
network /net.wk/
pavement /pev.mnt/
rent /rent/
runway /rn.we/
theft /eft/
vehicle /vi..kl/

VERBS
hail /hel/
opt /pt/
pedal /ped.l/
rent /rent/
relinquish /rl.kw/
row /r/

ADJECTIVES
conventional
/knven.n.l/

confined /knfand/
costly /kst.li/
clean-running /klin rn./
dramatic /drmt.k/
eco-friendly
/i.kfrend.li/

extensive /ksten.sv/
finite /fa.nat/
incompatible
/n.kmpt..bl/

inflatable /nfle.t.bl/
leaky /li.ki/
miniature /mn..t/
packed /pkt/
potential /pten.l/
preposterous
/prps.tr.s/

realistic /rls.tk/
timetabled /tamte.bld/
unrealistic /n.rls.tk/

NOUN PHRASES
a dramatic increase
a fraction of
a heavy fine
a means of
a realistic prospect
black cab
carbon emissions
commuter train
cargo ship

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energy consumption
finite resource
folding bicycle
fossil fuel
inflatable dinghy
key advantage
local authority
pedestrian zone
private car
returnable deposit
roll-on, roll-off ferry
row a dinghy
sightseeing bus
speed awareness
top speed
traffic lane

VERB PHRASES
be a costly business
be an alternative to
be confined to
be fitted with
be incompatible with
be on a low income
board a train
book a cabin
drive / travel at speeds of
(up to)
get around
get away with doing sth
get by
get out of doing sth
get round to doing sth
hail a cab
make a comeback
pop out to (a place)
undergo training in sth

Unit 35
NOUNS
anger /.g/
anxiety /za..ti/
apprehension
/p.rhen.n/

attitude /t..tjud/
authority /r..ti/
bully /bl.i/
confrontation
/kn.frnte.n/

calm /km/
contentment
/kntent.mnt/

dreamer /dri.m/
6

fury /fj.ri/
misery /mz.r.i/
optimism /p.t.m.zm/
optimist /p.t.mst/
patience /pe.ns/
positivity /pz..tv..ti/
relaxation /ri.lkse.n/
sieve /sv/

VERBS
confront /knfrnt/
frown /fran/
groan /grn/
honour /n./
infuriate /nfj.ri.et/
narrow /nr./
trigger /trg.r/
recall /rkl/
repress /rpres/
retain /rten/
relive /rilv/
sail /sel/
stammer /stm./
tremble /trem.bl/
twist /twst/
wrinkle /r.kl/

ADJECTIVES
apprehensive
/p.rhen.sv/

anxious /k.s/
astonishing /stn../
calm /km/
confrontational
/kn.frnte.n.l/
contented /knten.td/
dejected /ddek.td/
devastated /dev..ste.td/
devastating /dev..ste.t/

excruciating
/kskru.i.e.t/

fascinating /fs..ne.t/
furious /fj.ri.s/
hideous /hd.i.s/
laid-back /ledbk/
ludicrous /lu.d.krs/
memorable /mem.r..bl/
miserable /mz.r..bl/
nervous /n.vs/
optimistic /p.tms.tk/
patient /pe.nt/
petrifying /pet.rfa./
positive /pz..tv/
ravenous /rv.n.s/
relaxed /rlkst/

superb /supb/
tearful /t.fl/
terrific /trf.k/
tragic /trd.k/
traumatic /trmt.k/
treasured /tred/
upbeat /pbit/
upset /pset/
uptight /ptat/
vague /veg/

ADVERBS
absolutely /b.slut.li/
bitterly /bt..li/
completely /kmplit.li/
endlessly /end.lsli/
extraordinarily
/kstr.dn.r.l.i/

faintly /fent.li/
hopelessly /hp.ls.li/
incredibly /nkred..bli/
indefinitely /ndef..nt.li/
literally /lt.r.l.i/
mildly /mald.li/
obviously /b.vi.s.li/
outwardly /atwdli/
particularly /ptk.j.l.li/
thoroughly /r..li/
totally /t.tl.i/
utterly /t.l.i/

NOUN PHRASES
a bitter memory
a childhood memory
an early memory
long-term memory
a photographic memory
a mind like a sieve
short-term memory
a traumatic memory
a treasured memory

VERB PHRASES
be bitterly disappointing/
disappointed
be endlessly fascinating
be faintly ludicrous
be hopelessly optimistic
be in a mood
be mildly painful
be particularly good
be put off by sth
be thoroughly miserable
be up and down
bite your nails

bring back a memory


calm down
deal with bullies
demand an apology
fly off the handle
frown deeply
go in one ear and out the
other
go wrong
have a can-do attitude
have a (good) memory for
have an attitude problem
have mood swings
have sth on your mind
have your head in the clouds
honour the memory of sb
jog sbs memory
lighten up
look outwardly calm
narrow your eyes
not be in the mood
not feel like doing sth
not have a care in the world
repress a memory
relive a memory
sail through life

Unit 36
NOUNS
academia /k.di.mi./
accomplishment
/km.pl.mnt/

addict /d.kt/
addiction /dk.n/
attention /ten.n/
benefit /ben..ft/
celebrity /sleb.r.ti/
compensation
/km.pense.n/

consultancy /knsl.tn.si/
coverage /kv.r.d/
credibility /kred.bl..ti/
devotion /dv.n/
drama /dr.m/
dramatist /drm..tst/
embarrassment
/mbr.s.mnt/

empire /em.pa/
endorsements
/ndsmnts/

genre /.r/
entitlement /nta.tl.mnt/
envy /en.vi/

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esteem /stim/
exposure /ksp./
fame /fem/
fantasist /fn.t.sst/
fantasy /fn.t.si/
fee /fi/
gift /gft/
gossip /gs.p/
dramatisation

monitor /mn..t/
recommend /rek.mend/
stalk /stk/
unwind /nwand/

ADJECTIVES
addicted /dk.td/
addictive /dk.tv/
compulsive /kmpl.sv/
dramatic /drmt.k/
everyday /ev.ri.de/
fantastical /fnts.tkl/
humorous /hju.m.rs/
immense /mens/
lucrative /lu.kr.tv/
manipulative

/drm..taze.n/

infatuation
/nft.jue.n/

jealousy /del..si/
legend /led.nd/
lifestyle /laf.stal/
manipulation

/mnp.j.l.tv/

/mnp.jle.n/

manufactured

manipulator
/mnp.j.le.t/
media /mi.di./
non-believer /nn.bli.v/
non-fiction /nnfk.n/
non-smoker /nnsm.k/
non-starter /nnst.t/

/mn.jfk.td/

non-addictive
/nn.dik.tv/

non-disposable

non-judgemental

/nnswm./
novel /nv.l/
obsession /bse.n/
paparazzi /pp.rt.si/
perk /pk/

/nn.ddmen.tl/

non-political
/nn plt..kl/

non-profit-making
/nnprf.tme.k/

personality
/p.snl..ti/
popularity /pp.jlr..ti/
programme /pr.grm/
prosperity /prsper..ti/
reality /ril..ti/
recognition /rek.gn.n/
respect /rspekt/
reward /rwd/
royalty /r.l.ti/
sector /sek.t/
showbiz /.bz/
skill /skl/
stardom /st.dm/
talent /tl.nt/
value /vl.ju/

VERBS
achieve /tiv/
addict /d.kt/
attain /ten/
dramatise /drm..taz/
envy /en.vi/
fantasise /fn.t.saz/
manipulate /mnp.j.let/

VERB PHRASES
be in the public eye
be highly sought-after
be readily available
find common ground
not be everyones cup of tea

/nn dsp.z.bl/

non-essential
/nn.sen.tl/

non-swimmer

compulsive viewing
everyday life
group dynamics
mass media
media attention
media coverage
media empire
ordinary people
public appearance
reality television
sporting legend
story line
television genre
television personality
trashy novel

non-specific
/nn.spsf.k/

non-standard
/nnstn.dd/

ordinary /.d.n.ri/
sought-after /stf.tr/
talented /tl.n.td/
trashy /tr.i/
unscripted /nskrp.td/
weird /wd/
world-famous
/wldfe.ms/

ADVERBS
highly /ha.li/
rarely /re.li/
readily /red..li/

NOUN PHRASES
a big name
celebrity endorsements
celebrity gossip
celebrity lifestyle
complete rubbish

Unit 37
NOUNS
advice /dvas/
advisor /dva.z/
breakdown /brek.dan/
break-up /brek.p/
conflict /kn.flkt/
dispute /dspjut/
failure /fe.ljr/
globalisation
/lblazen/

intake /n.tek/
judge /dd/
letdown /let.dan/
listener /ls.n./
loggerheads /lg..hedz/
mediator /mi.di.e.t/
outbreak /at.brek/
partnership /pt.n.p/
phenomenon
/fnm..nn/
sake /sek/
stability /stbl..ti/
upbringing /pbr./

VERBS
appease /piz/
appreciate /pri.i.et/
contribute /kntrb.jut/
doubt /dat/

drift /drft/
endanger /nden.d/
erode /rd/
impart /mpt/
inform /nfm/
instil /nstl/
overlook /.vlk/
question /kwes.tn/
recognise /rek..naz/
ruin /ru.n/
soothe /su/
tolerate /tl.r.et/
weaken /wi.kn/

ADJECTIVES
cherished /ter.t/
close-knit /klsnt/
committed /kmt.d/
comprehensive
/km.prhen.sv/

concerned /knsnd/
dependable /dpen.d.bl/
distraught /dstrt/
dysfunctional
/dsfk.n.l/

fragile /frd.al/
impartial /mp.l/
idyllic /dl.k/
loving /lv./
middle-class /md.lkls/
privileged /prv.l.dd/
pushy /p.i/
sheltered /el.td/
solid /sl.d/
stable /ste.bl/
supportive /sp.tv/
tough /tf/
traumatic /trmt.k/
tricky /trk.i/
troubled /trb.ld/
turbulent /t.bj.lnt/
uneasy /ni.zi/

ADVERBS
constantly /kn.stnt.li/

NOUN PHRASES
anxious parents
close-knit family
comfortable upbringing
committed relationship
concerned parents
difficult childhood
distraught parents
dysfunctional family

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idyllic childhood
legal document
loving family
middle-class upbringing
privileged upbringing
pushy parents
secure relationship
sheltered upbringing
social circle
solid relationship
supportive family
stable relationship
strong family
tough upbringing
traumatic childhood
troubled childhood
turbulent childhood
uneasy relationship
worried parents

VERB PHRASES
be up against a brick wall
be at loggerheads
be there for sb
be thoroughly dependable
break down
break out
break up
bridge a gap
do/say sth behind sbs back
do sth for the sake of (profit)
drift apart
fall for
fall out
get sb interested
go into business
have a fall out
have a wealth of
have high expectations
let sb down
mess up
not be speaking to each
other
perform a balancing act
provide stability
take sides

Unit 38
NOUNS
adjustment /dst.mnt/
calorie /kl.r.i/
cuisine /kwzin/
destination /des.tne.n/
8

exercise /ek.s.saz/
favour /fe.v/
fee /fi/
gossip /gs.p/
pastime /ps.tam/
pro /pr/
resort /rzt/
scenery /si.nr.i/
spectator /spekte.t/
view /vju/

VERBS
encourage /nkr.d/
honeymoon /hn.i.mun/
include /nklud/
pack /pk/
reassure /ri./
sacrifice /sk.r.fas/

ADJECTIVES
all-inclusive
/l.nklu.sv/

artificial /.tf.l/
authentic /en.tk/
discouraged /dskr.dd/
distracting /dstrkt/
enjoyable /nd..bl/
excessive /ekses.v/
exhausting /gz.st/
exhilarating
/gzl..re.t/

exorbitant /gz.b.tnt/
exotic /gzt.k/
extortionate /kst.n.t/
extravagant
/kstrv..gnt/

far-flung /ffl/
foreign /fr.n/
genuine /den.ju.n/
incredible /nkred..bl/
international
/n.tn.n.l/

isolated /a.s.le.td/
local /l.kl/
regional /ri.dn.l/
remote /rmt/
self-catering
/selfke.tr./

spectacular
/spektk.j.l/

tropical /trp..kl/
unheard-of /nhd.v/
wasteful /west.fl/

ADVERBS
drastically /drs.tk.li/

NOUN PHRASES
adventure holiday
aerobics class
aerobics routine
aerobics workout
beach holiday
cycling accident
cycling enthusiast
cycling helmet
dance partner
dance move
dance step
family holiday
football pitch
football tournament
holiday destination
holiday insurance
holiday resort
holiday season
international flight
martial arts instructor
martial arts fighter
martial arts expert
package holiday
tennis lesson
tennis coach
tennis court
two-week break
two-week holiday
swimming goggles
walking tour
walking boots
walking pace

VERB PHRASES
activate muscles
be good for you
be low on sth
book a holiday
burn off calories
call sth off
cancel a holiday
catch up with gossip
close sth off
creep along
cut sth off
do sb a favour
get out and about
hang back (from doing sth)
include sb in your plans
make minor adjustments
put sb off sth

ring off
set off
start off
switch sth off
trigger off sth
wear off

Unit 39
NOUNS
accountability
/kan.tbl..ti/

analysis /nl..ss/
analyst /n..lst/
channel /tn.l/
consumer /knsju.m/
consumption
/knsmp.n/

device /dvas/
dominance /dm..nns/
domination
/dm.ne.n/

emergence /m.dns/
expense /kspens/
explosion /kspl.n/
explosive /kspl.sv/
expression /kspre.n/
freedom /fri.dm/
libel /la.bl/
material /mt.ri.l/
navigation /nv.ge.n/
privacy /prv..si/
proposal /prp.zl/
rival /ra.vl/
sanction /sk.n/
storage /st.rd/
subscriber /sbskra.b/
subscription /sbskrp.n/
analyse /n.l.az/

VERBS
block /blk/
bypass /ba.ps/
consume /knsjum/
dominate /dm..net/
emerge /md/
explode /kspld/
renew /rnju/
reveal /rvil/
prohibit /prhb.t/
prove /pruv/
publish /pb.l/
subscribe /sbskrab/
sue /su/

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mobile device
navigation device
news coverage
nuclear device
portable device
press freedom
public interest
storage device
targeted information
television channel

ADJECTIVES
analytic /n.lt.k/
analytical /n.lt..kl/
consumable
/knsju.m.bl/

digital /dd..tl/
dominant /dm..nnt/
electronic /lektrn.k/
emergent /m.dnt/
emerging /m.d/
expert /ek.spt/
explosive /kspl.sv/
handheld /hndheld/
in-depth /n.dep/
innovative /n..v.tv/
investigative

VERB PHRASES

/nves.t.g.tv/

labour-saving
/le.bse.v/

mechanical /mkn..kl/
mobile /m.bal/
oversubscribed
/.v.sbskrabd/

sensitive /sen.s.tv/
targeted /ttd/
undersubscribed
/ndsbskrabd/

unfiltered /nfl.td/

ADVERBS

Unit 40

directly /darekt.li/
fundamentally

NOUNS

/fn.dmen.tl.i/
honestly /n.st.li/
politically /plt..kli/
thoroughly /r..li/
undoubtedly /ndatdli/

wholeheartedly
/hlh.td.li/

NOUN PHRASES
communication device
diplomatic channels
electronic device
explosive device
human rights
freedom of expression
handheld device
in-depth news analysis
internet blog
investigative journalism
labour-saving device
mechanical device
media channel

be free from accountability


be given priority
be politically sensitive
do sth at sbs expense
do sth without fear of
sanction
fight for dominance/
domination
have access to sth
renew a subscription
reveal sources
revise a law
shop around
stay up-to-date
subscribe to
tune in

agriculture /g.r.kl.t/
balance /bl.ns/
bill /bl/
construction
/knstrk.n/

contractor /kntrk.t/
coverage /kv.r.d/
description /dskrp.n/
drill /drl/
education /ed.jke.n/
enquiry /nkwa.ri/
entertainment
/en.tten.mnt/

estate /stet/
ethic /e.k/
executive /gzek.j.tv/
expectations
/ek.spekte.nz/

extraction /kstrk.n/
festival /fes.t.vl/
harvest /h.vst/
high street /ha.strit/

hospitality /hs.ptl..ti/
import /mpt/
influx /n.flks/
jobseeker /dbsi.k/
insurance /n.rns/
labour /le.b/
labourer /le.br./
loyalty /l.l.ti/
manufacture
/mn.jfk.t/
market /m.kt/
migrant /ma.grnt/
mineral /mn.r.l/
mining /ma.n/
offer /f./

opportunity
/p.tju.n.ti/

payout /pe.at/
pesticide /pes.t.sad/
pit /pt/
policy /pl..si/
premium /pri.mi.m/
produce /prdjus/
promotion /prm.n/
prospect /prs.pekt/
queue /kju/
redundancy /rdn.dn.si/
retail /ri.tel/
satisfaction
/st.sfk.n/

security /skj.r.ti/
site /sat/
technology /teknl..di/
tractor /trk.t/
unemployment
/n.mpl.mnt/

venue /ven.ju/
wholesale /hl.sel/
workforce /wk.fs/
workload /wk.ld/
youth /ju/

VERBS
acquire /kwa/
bother /b./
churn /tn/
dictate /dktet/
dismiss /dsms/
disturb /dstb/
fire /fa/
regret /rgret/
resign /rzan/
retire /rta/
sack /sk/
thrive /rav/

ADJECTIVES
corporate /k.pr.t/
freelance /fri.lns/
industrial /nds.tri.l/
non-existent
/nn.gzs.tnt/

ADVERBS
virtually /v.tju..li/

NOUN PHRASES
call centre
child labour
customer services
doom and gloom
equal opportunities
freelance work
general office skills
head office
industrial action
job description
job market
job offer
job opportunity
job satisfaction
job security
labour market
migrant labour
minimum wage
public services
retirement age
work clothes
work colleague
work environment
work ethic
work experience
work-life balance
work permit
work space
youth unemployment

VERB PHRASES
be fired
be made redundant
be out of work
be passionate about sth
be sacked
be virtually non-existent
climb the corporate ladder
churn out sth
cover costs
fill a gap
have prospects
lay sb off

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not bother sb much


pick up
spring up
take over from sb
try in vain

Unit 41
NOUNS
crash /kr/
crisis /kra.ss/
debt /det/
downturn /dan.tn/
expenditure
/kspen.d.t/

free fall /fri.fl/


income /n.km/
inflation /nfle.n/
investment /nvest.mnt/
investor /nves.t/
logo /l.g/
non-essentials
/nn.sen.tlz/

succeed /sksid/
survey /s.ve/
tumble /tm.bl/
weaken /wi.kn/
worsen /w.sn/

alarming /l.m/
bust /bst/
disconcerting
/dsknst/

disturbing /dst.b/
jumpy /dm.pi/
overall /.vrl/
productive /prdk.tv/
troubling /trb.l/
worldwide /wldwad/

ADVERBS
dramatically
/drmt..kl.i/

uncontrollably
/n.kntr.l.bli/

tightly /tat.li/

NOUN PHRASES

VERBS

be out of the woods


be in a mess
be in free fall
build a relationship
cut sth to the bone
eke out
establish a business
establish a relationship
focus on sth
get jumpy
go bust
have advantages over sb/sth
hit hard
inch up
keep up payments
keep a check on
maintain a relationship
make ends meet
pay off (debts)

10

Unit 42

ADJECTIVES

partner /pt.n/
partnership /pt.n.p/
pension /pen.n/
profit /prf.t/
rate /ret/
recession /rse.n/
retailer /ri.te.l/
slump /slmp/
spending /spen.d/
stock /stk/
sword /sd/

climb /klam/
cut /kt/
eke /ik/
establish /stb.l/
finance /fa.nns/
flourish /flr./
inch /nt/
invest /nvest/
launch /lnt/
lower /l./
maintain /menten/
produce /prdjus/
prosper /prs.p/
rate /ret/
reduce /rdjus/
rocket /rk.t/
slash /sl/
soar /s/

set up a business
seek out
shoot up

a double-edged sword
an alarming rate
cost of living
credit crunch
economic decline
interest rate
pension fund
stock market

VERB PHRASES

NOUNS
aloe /l./
amphibian /mfb.i.n/
ant /nt/
antennae /nteni/
bark /bk/
basis /be.ss/
beak /bik/
bud /bd/
burrow /br./
bush /b/
calf /kf/
chick /tk/
claw /kl/
climate /kla.mt/
coal /kl/
colony /kl..ni/
construction
/knstrk.n/

cosmetic /kzmet.k/
cricket /krk.t/
crocodile /krk..dal/
crop /krp/
cub /kb/
den /den/
ecosystem /i.kss.tm/
electricity /lektrs..ti/
enclosure /nkl./
existence /gzs.tns/
extinction /kstk.n/
fang /f/
feather /fe./
foal /fl/
fossil /fs.l/
frog /frg/
glue /glu/
gills /lz/
globe /glb/
grain /gren/
grub /grb/
habitat /hb..tt/
herd /hd/
hive /hav/
honey /hn.i/
ingredient /ngri.di.nt/
kennel /ken.l/
kitten /kt.n/
leaf /lif/

lizard /lz.d/
mackerel /mk.rl/
mammal /mm.l/
material /mt.ri.l/
medicine /med..sn/
newt /njut/
owl /al/
pack /pk/
paw /p/
pod /pd/
pollen /pl.n/
pollination /pl.ne.n/
proportion /prp.n/
pup /pp/
reptile /rep.tal/
roots /ruts/
salmon /sm.n/
scales /skelz/
seed /sid/
shark /k/
shelter /el.t/
shoal /l/
snake /snek/
soap /sp/
species /spi.iz/
sting /st/
swallow /swl./
swarm /swm/
theorist /.rst/
theory /.ri/
timber /tm.b/
toad /td/
trunk /trk/
vertebrate /v.t.brt/
vulture /vl.t/
whale /wel/
willow /wl./
wolf /wlf/
yew /ju/

VERBS
breed /brid/
buzz /bz/
clone /kln/
groom /grum/
growl /gral/
hatch /ht/
hibernate /ha.b.net/
hiss /hs/
hoot /hut/
howl /hal/
lay /le/
mate /met/
migrate /magret/
nest /nest/

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poach /pt/
pollinate /pl..net/
prey /pre/
purify /pj.r.fa/
rattle /rt.l/
rear /r/
scramble /skrm.bl/
shed /ed/
slaughter /sl.t/
snarl /snl/
theorise /.raz/
vaccinate /vk.s.net/

ADJECTIVES
aquatic /kwt.k/
arid /r.d/
carnivorous /knv.r.s/
declining /dklan/
domestic /dmes.tk/
economic /i.knm.k/
exotic /gzt.k/
extinct /kstkt/
fluffy /flf.i/
forked /fkt/
furry /f.ri/
harsh /h/
humid /hju.md/
medicinal /mds..nl/
mild /mald/
nocturnal /nkt.nl/
omnivorous /mnv.r.s/
pollinated /pl.ne.td/
prescribed /prskrabd/
protected /prtektd/
scaly /ske.li/
sharp /p/
temperate /tem.pr.t/
theoretical /ret..kl/
venomous /ven..ms/
vital /va.tl/

ADVERBS
commonly /km.n.li/

NOUN PHRASES
animal rights
aquatic plant
aquatic animal
arid climate
clean air
cold air
cold climate
domestic animal
endangered animal
food production

exotic plant
exotic animal
flowering plant
fresh air
food web
fossil fuel
furry animal
harsh climate
humid air
humid climate
marine animal
medicinal plant
mild climate
prescribed drugs
temperate climate
thin air
the water cycle
wild plant
wild animal

poison /p.zn/
profile /pr.fal/
proliferation

VERB PHRASES

articulate /tk.j.lt/
automatic /.tmt.k/
casual /k.ju.l/
dependable /dpen.d.bl/
face-to-face /fes.tfes/
former /f.m/
frustrating /frstre.t/
handwritten /hndrt.n/
heartfelt /ht.felt/
heartrending /htren.d/
informal /nf.ml/
loyal /l.l/
multiple /ml.t.pl/
mutual /mju.tu.l/
permanent /p.m.nnt/
scathing /ske./
scribbled /skrb.ld/
social /s.l/
soppy /sp.i/
supportive /sp.tv/
tedious /ti.di.s/
thoughtful /t.fl/

beat about the bush


breed crops
do sth single-handed
go to seed
nip sth in the bud
provide (sb with) sth
take sth for granted
turn over a new leaf

Unit 43
NOUNS
aspect /s.pekt/
buddy /bd.i/
chore /t/
chum /tm/
component /kmp.nnt/
concentration
/kn.sntre.n/

condolence /knd.lns/
contact /kn.tkt/
credential /krden.l/
ease /iz/
feature /fi.t/
forum /f.rm/
illusion /lu.n/
invoice /n.vs/
mate /met/
member /mem.b/
network /net.wk/
pal /pl/
petition /pt.n/
pleasure /ple./

/prlf.re.n/

recipient /rsp.i.nt/
relationship /rle.n.p/
reputation /rep.jte.n/
resignation /rez.gne.n/

VERBS
befriend /bfrend/
convey /knve/
create /kriet/
express /kspres/
reconnect /riknekt/
share /e/
socialise /s.l.az/
usurp /jusp/

ADJECTIVES

ADVERBS
hastily /he.st.li/

NOUN PHRASES
automatic response
casual friendship
childhood friend
ease of use
fair-weather friend
former friend
greeting card
hastily scribbled (note)

informal greeting
letter of condolence
letter of resignation
long distances
multiple recipients
mutual friend
personal friend
poison-pen letter
text message
true friend
social networking site

VERB PHRASES
be a lost art
be a pleasure to be around
be on the move
brighten up
cannot be bothered
come across as
create a new identity
create an illusion
create an impression
dominate the conversation
do sth in person
end a friendship
establish your credentials
establish a network
establish a reputation
express feelings
get in touch with your
emotions
get in touch with reality
require concentration
organise a social event
pick up a skill
pick up an illness
pick up the phone
pick sb up
share your thoughts
share a passion
share your view
socialise with sb
take sb/sth seriously
ramble on for hours

Unit 44
NOUNS
agriculture /g.r.kl.t/
biodiversity
/ba..dav.s.ti/

coastline /kst.lan/
conservation
/kn.sve.n/

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cultivation /kl.tve.n/
defoliation
/di.f.lie.n/

deforestation
/difr.ste.n/

density /den.s.ti/
ecosystem /i.kss.tm/
erosion /r.n/
estuary /es.tj.ri/
extinction /kstk.n/
fishery /f.r.i/
formation /fme.n/
habitat /hb..tt/
identification
/aden.t.fke.n/

identity /aden.t.ti/
intensification
/nten.s.fke.n/

intensity /nten.s.ti/
landfill /lnd.fl/
modification
/md..fke.n/

organism /.gn..zm/
overfishing /.v.f./
overgrazing /.vr. rez/
overpopulation

renew /rnju/
replace /rples/
restore /rst/
simplify /sm.pl.fa/
solidify /sld..fa/

ADJECTIVES
abstract /b.strkt/
agricultural
/g.rkl.tr.l/
/ba..dgre.d.bl/

costly /kst.li/
dense /dens/
eroded /rdd/
erosive /r.sv/
fertile /f.tal/
inland /n.lnd/
intense /ntens/
intensive /nten.sv/
introduced /n.trdust/
invasive /nve.sv/
modified /mdfad/
native /ne.tv/
nuclear /nju.kl/
overpopulated

/.vpp.jle.n/

/.vpp.j.le.td/

populated /pp.jle.td/
recyclable /risa.kl.bl/
renewable /rnju..bl/
regenerated

/pj.r.fke.n/
/ri.fr.ste.n/

regeneration
/rden.re.n/
salinity /sln..ti/

simplification
/sm.pl.fke.n/
soil /sl/

solidification
/sld..fke.n/
symbol /sm.bl/
threaten /ret.n/
weed /wid/

VERBS
erode /rd/
install /nstl/
intensify /nten.s.fa/
modify /md..fa/
overpopulate
/.vpp.j.let/

populate /pp.j.let/
purify /pj.r.fa/
refresh /rfre/
regenerate /rden.r.et/
12

be threatened with
extinction
be wasteful of (energy)
save the planet
wear sth away
wipe out species

Unit 45

biodegradable

population /pp.jle.n/
purification
reforestation

VERB PHRASES

/rden.re.td/

unwanted /nwn.td/
urban /.bn/
wasteful /west.fl/

NOUN PHRASES
agricultural land
coastal erosion
commercial agriculture
habitat modification
green living
intensive agriculture
invasive species
local farmer
marine population
native species
nuclear accident
oil spill
programme of regeneration
renewable resource
river mouth
soil erosion
urban development
waste treatment

NOUNS
advance /dvns/
aftershock /f.t.k/
anatomy /nt..mi/
ancestor /n.ses.t/
anthropology
/n.rpl..di/

antibiotic /n.ti.bat.k/
archaeology /.kil..di/
asteroid /s.tr.d/
astronomy /strn..mi/
atmosphere /t.m.sf/
battery /bt.r.i/
behaviour /bhe.vj/
bone /bn/
breakthrough /brek.ru/
carnivore /k.n.v/
characteristic
/kr.k.trs.tk/

chemical /kem..kl/
chromosome
/kr.m.sm/

comet /km.t/
conclusion /knklu.n/
custom /ks.tm/
dig /dg/
disappearance
/ds.p.rns/

disease /dziz/
discovery /dskv.r.i/
drawback /dr.bk/
earthquake /.kwek/
ecology /kl..di/
emission /m.n/
expectancy /kspek.tn.si/
finding /fan.d/
funding /fn.d/
galaxy /gl.k.si/
genetics /dnet.ks/
heredity /hred..ti/
humidity /hjumd..ti/
hurricane /hr..kn/
instinct /n.stkt/

intelligence /ntel..dns/
invention /nven.n/
joint /dnt/
magma /mg.m/
memory /mem.r.i/
meteorology
/mi.ti.rl..di/

microchip /ma.kr.tp/
mind /mand/
mutation /mjute.n/
nebular /neb.j.l/
obstacle /b.st.kl/
orbit /.bt/
organ /.gn/
outcome /at.km/
penicillin /pen.sl.n/
petrol /pet.rl/
phenomenon
/fnm..nn/

prediction /prdk.n/
pressure /pre./
prey /pre/
psychology /sakl..di/
range /rend/
reaction /rik.n/
remains /rmenz/
sanitation /sn.te.n/
seismology /sazml..di/
settlement /set.l.mnt/
shortage /.td/
spine /span/
taboo /tbu/
technology /teknl..di/
tremor /trem./
tribe /trab/
variation /ve.rie.n/
vein /ven/
venom /venm/
volcano /vlke.n/
warfare /w.fe/
zoology /zul..di/

VERBS
ascertain /s.ten/
cause /kz/
conduct /kndkt/
contradict /kn.trdkt/
demonstrate
/dem.n.stret/

determine /dt.mn/
disprove /dspruv/
erupt /rpt/
hypothesise
/hap..saz/

maintain /menten/

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observe /bzv/
overcome /.vkm/
predict /prdkt/
prove /pruv/
review /rvju/
speculate /spek.j.let/
suggest /sdest/
trigger /trg./
undertake /n.dtek/

VERB PHRASES

ADJECTIVES
catastrophic
/kt.strf.k/

clinical /kln..kl/
effective /fek.tv/
nervous /n.vs/
nuclear /nju.kl/
scientific /santf.k/
significant /sgnf..knt/
unexpected

be vulnerable to disease
carry out research
cause a chemical reaction
conduct research
overcome a problem
set off a chemical reaction
take in (what sb says)
take off (commercially)
take sb off (medication)
take on (staff)
take over (a business)
take sb through (a
procedure)
take sb up (on an offer)
take sth up (as a career)
trigger a chemical reaction
undertake research

/n.kspek.td/

vulnerable /vl.nr..bl/

NOUN PHRASES
birth control
branch of science
cause and effect
chemical reaction
climate change
clinical trial
common characteristic
countless lives
digital device
electric lighting
family car
food production
gas emissions
healthcare
laser surgery
life expectancy
major obstacle
medical advances
modern life
nervous system
nuclear energy
petrol tank
scientific breakthrough
significant advance
significant breakthrough
significant development
significant discovery
significant drawback
space shuttle
space station
unexpected finding
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