GEOMETRY REVISION

PAPER – I

Q1. Solve any six of the following sub – questions:
1.Find the side of the square whose diagonal is 16cm. 2.The height of a right circular cylinder is 15cm and the radius is 6cm. Find the curved surface area. 3. ∆ABC ~∆MNP and BC :NP=3 :4, find A∆ABC: A∆MNP. 4.In the figure, seg AB is a chord of the circle.C be a pont on tangent tot he circle at point A. If marc APB= 600, then find m∠BAC.

5.Two circles with diameters 26 cm and 14 cm touch each other internally. Find the distance between their centres. 6.Draw seg PR=7.5 cm and bisect it, using perpendicular bisector. 7.Find the distance between the points A, B2, -2. 8.Find the value oftan43cot47.

Q2. Solve any four of the following sub – questions:

1.Find the curved surface area and the total surface area of a hemisphere with radius 6cm.π=3.14 2.Draw the incircle of an equilateral triangle ABC with side 5.8 cm. 3.In the figure, angle between two radii of a circel is of 1200.Tangents to the circle

are drawn at the outer ends of these radii.Find the measure of the angle between the tangents. 4.Show that tan250.tan500.tan400.tan650=1. 5.In the figure, ∠S=900, ∠T=x0, ∠R =x+300, RT=16.Find:1RS and 2ST. 6.In the figure, chords AB and CD intersect each other internally at P. Prove tha:AP ×PB=CP ×PD.

Q3. Solve any four of the following sub – questions.

1.In the figure, ray NS is a bisector of ∠LMN in ΔLMN.LS=9, SM=6, MN=14.Find LN. 2.In ΔABC, ∠ABC=900.AB=12, BC=16.Seg BP is the median.Find BP. 3.Find the length of the tangent-segments from a point which is at a distance of 5 cm from the centre of the circle of radius 3 cm. 4.In the figure, points B, C, D and E lie on a circle such that lines CB and ED intersect each other in point A in

the exterior of thecircle.If CB=5, AB=7, EA=20 and if ED exceeds AB, determine ED-AD. 5.Prove that 1+cosA1-cosA=cosecA+cotA.

6.AB is the diameter of a circel with center C-3,-5.If A-2,4, find the coordinates of B.

Q4. Solve any three of the following sub – questions:
1.In the figure, seg DE ∥ sideAB.DC=2BD. A∆CDE= 20cm2.Find A▭ABCD. 2.Prove that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. 3.A circle touches side BC of ∆ABC from outside.further, the circle touches extended line AB in M and and in AC in N.A-B-M and A-C-N.Prove that AM=12perimeter of ∆ABC. 4.In the figure, AB is the chord of a circle with centre P.Tangents at points A and B intersect at point C. PC intersects AB in point M.Prove that AM2=PM ×CM. 5.Construct ∆PQR, such that PR=8.8cm, ∠PQR =1100, seg QT is the median and QT=3.6 cm. 6.The outer dimensions of a household fish aquarium in cm are 60.4 ×40.4×40.2 .If the thickness of the glass used to make it is 2mm, find the quantity of water that the aquarium will hold in litres.

Q5. Solve any three of the following sub – questions.
1.Prove:In a triangle, the angle bisector divides the side opposite to the angle in the ratio of the remainingsides. 2.In the figure, in a circle with centre O, secants AB and EF intersects each other at point C in the exterior of the circle.Prove that m∠ACE=12marcAE-marc BF. 3.Draw a circle with radius 2.6 cm.Find the positions of points P, Q, R on the circle such that the tangent

segments drawn at P, Q and R determine an equilateral triangle.Do not write consruction. 4.A flagstaff stands on the top of a 5 metres high tower.From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of the flagstaff is 600and from the same point, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 450.Find the height of the flagstaff. 5.5 rupee coins were made by melting a solif cuboidal block of metal with dimensions 16×11×10 in cm. How many coins of thickness 2 mm and diameter 2 cm can be made? 6.Show that the points A4,7, B8,4, C7,11are the vertices of a ight-angled triangle.

PAPER – II
Q1. Attempt any 6 of the following
1.Line m intersects sides AB and AC in points P and Q respectively of ΔABC.AP=9, BP=6, AQ=8, QC=12. State whether given triangle is right-angled triangle or not? 2.In the following example, small letter denote the length of the sides of the triangle.State whether given triangle is right-angled triangle or not? 3.The diameters of two circles touching each other externaly are 14 cm and 10 cm respectively.Find the

distance between their centres. 4.In the figure, chord AB and chord CD intersect each other in point E. BE=3, CE=4, DE=6, then find AE. 5.Draw a segment AB of length 8.7 cm.Take a point C on seg AB, such that AC=4.2cm and draw a perpendicular line to seg AB passing through point C. 6.Find the value ofsin58cos32. 7.The radius and slant height of a cone are 7 cm and 8 cm respectively.Find its curved surface area.π=227

8.Find the coordinates of the midpoint of the segment joining the points -3, 6and 5,2.

Q2. Solve any four of the following sub – questions.

1.In the figure, ∠PQR=900.Seg QS⊥side PR.Find the values of x, y and z. 2.In the figure, Q is the center of teh circel and PM and PN are tangent segments to the circel.If the radius

of the circle is 7cm and PM=7 cm, determine the distance QP. 3.In the fiure, chords AB and CD of a circle intersects in point Q

in the interior of the circle.If marc AD= 250)and marcBC= 310.Find m∠BQC. 4.Construct ΔMNP such that MP=6.6cm, ∠MNP=700and ND is an altitude of length 3.2 cm. 5.Simplify:sin3A+cos3AsinA+cosA. 6.Circumference of the base of a glass jar is 31.4 cm.if the volume of the air in jar is 1570 cm3, then find the height of the jar.π=3.14.

Q3. Solve any four of the following sub – questions.
1.In the figure, QR=12 and SR=4.Find the value of: i.AΔPSRA(ΔPQR) ii.AΔPQSA(ΔPQR) iii.AΔPQSA(ΔPSR)

2.In the figure, ∠A=450, CD=12cm, BC=9cm, ∠ABD=∠BCD=900, Find i.BD ii.AΔBCD iii.AD. 3.In the figure, A is a common point of contact of two externally touching circles and line l is a common tangent to both circles touching at B and C. Line m is anothe common tangent at A and it intersects BC at D.Prove that i.m∠BAC=900 ii.Point D is the mid point of seg BC. 4.Given two concentric circles of radii 5 and 3.Find the length of a chord of larger circle which touches the smaller circle. 5.Show that:tan15.tan20.tan70.tan75=1. 6.G -4, -7is the centroid of triangle ABC where A ≡-1, -7and B ≡3,5.Find the coordinates of point C.

Q4. Solve any three of the following sub – questions:
1.In ΔABC, seg MN∥side AC.seg MN divides Δ ABC into two parts of equal area.DetermineAMAB.

2. Prove:In a triangle, if the square of one side is equal to the sum of teh squares of the remaining two sides, then the triangle s a right-angled triangle. 3.In the figure, BC and BA are tangents to a circle.Prove that OD is perpendicular bisector of AC, where O is the centre of the circle. 4.AB is the diameter and Ac is a chord of a circle such that m∠BAC=300.The tangent at C intersects AB produced in a point D.Prove that BC=BD. 5.Draw a seg AB of length 6.5 cm.Draw a circle with center A such that the length of tangent segment drawn from B to this circle is 6 cm. 6.A cylindrical ice-cream pot of radius 20 cm and height 60 cm is filled completely with icecream.It was packed in ready to sell cones of radius 2 cm and height 10 cm.How many such cones can be filled?

Q5. Solve any three of the following sub – questions:
1.Prove that :The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of he corresponding sides. 2.If the diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral are perpendicular to each other, show that the line passing throught he point of intersection of the diagonals and the mid-point of a side is perpendicular to the opposite side. 3.Construct a cyclic quadrilateral KLMN such that KL=5cm, KM=5.4 cm, LM=6 cm and KN=3.6cm. 4.Two electric poles of equal heights are opposite to each other on either side of a road.Width of the road is 100 metres.The angles of elevation from the point, between two poles on the road to the tops of the poles are 300and 600.Find the height of the poles and the distance of that point from each pole. 5.An ink container of cylindrical shape is filled with ink upto 91%.ball pen refills of length 12 cm and inner diameter 2mm are fillled up to 84% length.if the height and radius of the ink container are 14 cm and 6 cm respectively, find the number of refills that can be filled with ink. 6. The line segment AB is divided into four contruent parts at P, Q and R such that A-P –Q-R-B.If P ≡12,9and R≡0,11, find the coordinates of points A, Q and B.

PAPER III
Q1. Attempt any 6 of the following.
1. The ratio of the areas of two triangles with the equal heights is 3: 4. Base of the smaller triangle is 15 cm. Find the corresponding base of the larger triangle. 2. Construct ∠ ABC=700.Take a point P on ray BA such that BP=4 cm.B-P-A.Draw line PQ ∥rayBC from point P. 3. Ifcos90-θ=12 , then find θ. 4. The radius of a hemisphere is 10 cm. Find its curved surface area. (π=3.14) 5. If the distance between the points 2,kand (8, -3) is 10. Find K. 6. Find the diagonal of a square whose side is 10cm. 7. A circle of radius 8 cm has two tangents AB and CD parallel to each other. What is the distance between these tangents? Why? 8. Construct an arc, such that seg PQ of length 5.4 cm subtends an ∠PRQ of measure 1200 on it.

Q2. Solve any four of the following sub – questions.
1. 2. 3. In ΔPQR, M is the mid point of side QR. If PQ = 11, PR = 17 and PM = 13, find QR. Draw the in circle of Δ BCD such that CD = 6.8 cm,. BC = 6cm, BD = 5cm. If 6A and (A + 6) are acute angles and tan 6A = Cot (A + 6), then find the value of A.

4. The length, breadth and height of a cuboidal water tank are 3m, 2m and 1.8 m respectively. Find the capacity of the tank in liters. 5. In what ratio does the Y – axis divide the segment joining A (3,5) and B(-6 , 7)? Find the coordinates of the point of division. 6. Find the lengths of the medians of the triangle whose vertices are (1, -1), (0,4) and (-5,3).

Q3. Solve any four of the following sub – questions.
1. A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle of 600 with the ground. The distance from the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 20 meters. Find the height of the tree. 2. Prove: the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary. 3. Construct Δ PQR such that PQ = 5cm, QR = 6.2 cm, PR = 6.7 cm. Draw its circum circle. Draw tangents to the circle at P and R without using the centre. 4. Draw seg KL of length 4.5 cm. Take a point P outside it. Construct a perpendicular to seg KL, from the point P. 5. If 3A and 7A are acute angles and cosec 3A = sec 7A, find the value of A. 6. Find the distance of point A (-7, -24) from the origin.

Q4. Solve any three of the following.
1. Three congruent circles with centres A, B and C and radius 5 cm each, tough each other externally in point D, E and F as shown in the figure, i. What is the perimeter of ΔABC? Ii. What is the length of the side DE of Δ DEF? 2. Construct ΔGEF such that GF = 7.6 cm, ∠GEF = 480. Seg EP is the median and EP = 5 cm. measure the side GE. 3. If cos B = 21/29, then find the values of tan B, sin B and sec B. 4. The radius of a cone is 30 cm and its height is 40cm. Find (i) slant height (ii) curved surface area and (iii) total surface area. (π=3.14). 5. Side of an equilateral triangle is 8cm. Find the side of an equilateral triangle whose area is twice the area of the first. 6. Point M, in the interior of the circle, is the point of intersection of two chords AB and CD of the same circle. Show that CM ×BD=BM ×AC.

Q5. Solve any three of the following.
1. Prove that: The ratio of the areas of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of the squares of the corresponding sides. 2. If the diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral are perpendicular to each other, show that the line passing through the point of intersection of the diagonals and the mid – point of a side is perpendicular to the opposite side. 3. Construct a cyclic quadrilateral KLMN such that KL = 5cm, KM = 5.4 cm, LM = 6cm and KN = 3.6cm. 4. Two electric poles of equal heights are opposite to each other on either side of a road. Width of the road is 100 meters. The angles of elevation from the point, between two poles on the road to the tops of the poles are 300 and 600. Find the height of the poles and the distance of that point from each pole. 5. An ink container of cylindrical shape is filled with ink up to 91% . Ball pen refills of length 12 cm and inner diameter 2 mm are filled up to 84% length. If the height and radius of the ink container are 14cm and 6cm respectively, find the number of refills that can be filled with this ink. 6. The line segment AB is divided into four congruent parts at P, Q and R such that A – P – Q – R – B. If P ≡(12,9) and R ≡(0, 11), find the coordinates of points A, Q and B.

Q1. Solve the following sub – questions: (any six)

PAPER IV

1.

Δ ABC ~ ΔPQR and A(ΔABC) = 81 sq. cm. If AB = 6cm, PQ = 12 cm then find A(ΔPQR). 2. In the adjacent fig. ∠MNP = 900 seg NQ⊥MP. MQ = 4, QP = 9. Find NQ.

3. In figure A is the centre of circle AN = 10cm. Line NM is tangent at M. Determine the radius of the circle if MN = 5 cm. 4. Chords AB and CD of a circle intersect in point Q in the interior of circle. If m(arcAD) = 250 and m(arcBC) = 310 then find m∠BQC. 5. Draw a tangent to the circle without using its centre O and radius of circle is 2.9 cm. 6. Simplify: - sin (cosec – sin ).

7. A gas collecting jar with inner diameter 6 cm and height 25 cm is filled with a gas. Find the quantity of gas contained. 8. Find the distance between the points P ≡(-6, -3) and Q ≡(-1, 9).

Q2. Solve the following sub – questions: (Any four)
1. In a given fig. ∠N = 900, N – R – P, Show that MP2 + NR2 = NP2 + MR2. 2. ABCD is a trapezium with AB parallel to CD and AD = BC. Prove that ABCD is cyclic. 3. In adjacent figure, ΔABC is an isosceles triangle with perimeter 44 cm. Sides AB and AC are congruent. A circle touches the three sides as shown in the fig. Find the length of the tangent segment from A to the circle. If base BC = 12 cm. 4. Construct the incircle of ΔEFG such that EF = FG = 6 cm and EG = 8cm. 5. If seg = 25/7 then find the value of tan . 6. The ratio of the height and the radius of cone is 2:3. Find the radius if the volume of the cone is 384π cm3 .

Q3. Solve the following sub – questions: (Any four).
1. In Δ ABC ray BD is a bisector of ∠ABC. A – D – C. seg DE ∥Side BC. A – E – B, Prove that ABBC=AEEB.

2. In acute angled ΔABC, If seg AD ⊥ side BC and B – D – C then prove that: AC2 = AB2 + BC2 – 2BC × BD. 3. To prove the length of the two tangent segments from an external point to a circle are equal. 4. Prove that if the chord AB of circle is parallel to tangent at C, then AC = BC.

5. Show that. 1+sinAcosA+cosA1+sinA=2secA. 6. Using distance formula show that points P(2,1), Q(8,-3) and R(-1, 3) are collinear.

Q4. Solve any three of the following:

1. To prove: If a line parallel to a side of a triangle intersects other sides in two distinct points then the other sides are divided in the same ratio by it. 2. In a right angled Δ BAC, ∠BAC = 900 seg AB, BE and C F are medians prove that 2(AD2 + BE2 + CF2) = 3 BC2. 3. The inscribed circle of Δ ABC touches, side AB at L, Side BC at M And side AC at N. Show that AΔABC=12Perimeter of ΔABC×(radius of inscribed circle) 4. Construct ΔKLN such that KN = 7cm, ∠KLN = 900 and length of altitude of LP is 3 cm. 5. A wall of thickness 10 cm, height 3m and length 4m is to be built using bricks of dimensions 24×10×8 in cm. Estimate the number of bricks to build the wall, neglecting the gaps for cement.

6. To prove : - if PAB is a secant to a circle intersecting at points A and B and Pt is a tangent then PA×PB=PT2

Q5. Solve any three of the following.

1. In ABCD, side BC ∥ side AD. Diagonals AC and BD intersect each other in the point P. If AP=13AC, prove that DP=12BP. 2. In the figure, AB is the chord of circle with centre P. Tangents at points A and B intersect at Point C. PC intersects AB in point M. Prove that AM2 = PM × CM. 3. Construct ΔPQR such that QR = 8.6cm, ∠P=700 and median PM = 5.2cm.

4. The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground is 300. After walking 30 metes towards the tower the angle of elevation becomes 600. What is the weight of the tower. 5. A tin – maker converts a cubical metallic box into 10 cylindrical tins. Side of the cube is 50 cm and radius of the cylinder is 7 cm. Find the height of each cylinder so made, if the wastage of 12% is incurred in the process. 6. If (-7, 6), (8, 5) and (2, -2) are the midpoints of the sides of a triangle. Find the coordinates of the centroid.

Paper V Q1. Solve any six of the following sub – questions:
1. ΔPQR ~ΔXYZ. PQ = 6, QR = 8, PR = 7. XY = 12. Find (i). YZ (ii). XZ. 2. In the figure, ∠MNP = 900, seg NQ ⊥ side MP, MQ = 4, QP = 9, Find NQ. 3. Draw a circle with centre O and radius 5cm. OA = 5cm, OB = 6 cm, OC = 4cm, OD = 5cm, Out of the points A, B, C and D, state which point lies on the circle.

4. The sides containing the right angle of a right angled triangle are 6 and 8. Find the radius of the circumcircle of the triangle. 5. Draw ∠ABC of measure 1150 and bisect it. 6. If sin A = 5/13, then find cos A. 7. Find the total surface area of a cube with side 4cm. 8. Find the distance between the points A(5,-8) and B(-7, -3).

Q2. Solve any four of the following sub – questions:
1. Side of a rhombus is 10 cm and one of its diagonal is 16cm, then find its area. 2. In the figure, points B, M and C lie on the circle with centre P. Tangents at B and C intersect in point A. Tangents at M and C intersect in point D. D – C – A. Show that AB + DM = AD. 3. Secants containing chords RS and PQ of a circle intersect each other in point A in the exterior of the circle, as shown in the figure. If m (arc PR) = 260 and m(arc QS) = 480, then find (i) m∠AQR (ii) m∠SPQ (iii) m∠RAQ.

4. Draw the circumcircle of ΔKLM, such that KL = 6.4 cm, LM = 5.8 cm and ∠LKM = 650. 5. Evaluate: cosec267 – tan223. 6. The surface area of a sphere is 314 sq.cm. Find the volume of the sphere. (π=3.14)

Q3. Solve any four of the following sub – questions:

1. In the figure, AM = 50 units, CN = 30 units, A(ΔABD) = 2000 sq. units. Find (i) A(ΔBCD); (ii) A(ABCD); (iii) BD. 2. In the figure, ∠ABC = 900, P is the mid point of side BC. Prove that: AC2 = 4AP2 – 3 AB2. 3. In the figure, A and B are the centres of two circles

touching each other at the point M. Line AC and line BD are tangents. If AB = 9 cm, and BC = 6 cm, then find the lengths of seg AC and seg BD. 4. As shown in the figure, two chords AB and CD of the same circle

are parallel to each other. P is the centre of the circle. Show that m ∠CPA = m ∠DPB.

5. Show that: 1+sinAcosA+cosA1+sinA=2secA. 6. Determine, by distance formula, whether the points (1,2), (5,3) and (18,6) are collinear or not.

Q4. Solve any three of the following sub – questions:
1. Prove: If a line parallel to a side of a triangle intersects other sides in two distinct points, then the other sides are divided in the same ratio by it. 2. In Δ MNP, ∠MPN = 900, Q and R are mid points of sides MP and NP respectively. Prove that 4[NQ2+MR2]=5MN2. 3. Prove that: The lengths of the two tangent segments from an external point to a circle are equal.

4. In the figure, AB is the diameter of a circle with centre P. Line CB is a tangent and line ADC is a secant. Prove that AC × AD = 4 radius. 5. Draw the incircle and circumcircle of an equilateral triangle ΔABC with side 8 cm. Measure their radii and write the ratio of their radii. 6. Find the expenditure for digging a cylindrical well with depth 12 m and diameter 4 m at the rate Rs. 200 per cubic metre. (π=3.14)

Q5. Solve any three of the following sub – questions:
1. In ΔPQR, ∠Q = 2∠R. If angle bisector of ∠Q intersects side PR in S, prove that: QSSP=QRQP. 2. Prove: If PAB is a secant to a circle intersecting at points A and B and PT is a tangent, then PA×PB = PT2. 3. In ΔABC, BC = 5.8 cm, BP⊥AC and CQ⊥AB, BP = 5cm, CQ = 4.8cm. Construct ΔABC. 4. The angle of elevation of the top of a hill from a point A is 600. The angle of elevation becomes 300 at a point B at the height of 20 m above A. Find the height of the hill and the distance of point A from the hill. 5. A wall of thickness 10 cm, height 3m and length 4 m is to be built using bricks of dimensions 24×10×8 in cm. Estimate the number of bricks to build the wall neglecting the gaps for cement. 6. If (-7,6), (8,5) and (2,-2) are the mid points of the sides of a triangle, find the coordinates of the centroid.

PRACTICE PAPERS: GEOMETRY

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