You are on page 1of 13

ASSIGNMENT CLASS - XII

CHAPTER 2 INVERSE TRIGONOMETRY

Q1. Find the principle value of the following:


(a) sin 1 (

1
)
2

(b) cos1 3
2

(c) tan 1 ( 3)

(d) sec 1 ( 2)

5
2
3
1
1
(f) sin 1 sin
(g) cos cos
(h) tan tan

4
4
3

43
(k) sin 1 cos
5

(l) sin 1 sin 6000

(e) cos ec 1 ( 2)

8
5

(i) cos 1 cos (j) tan 1 tan

7
6

Q2. Evaluate the following:

3
(a) cos sin 1
5

4
(b) cos ec cos 1
5

3
(c) cos tan 1
4

8
(d) tan cos 1
17

1
(e) tan 2 tan 1
5 4

3
(f) sin 2 cos 1
5

4
1
(g) sin cos 1
5
2

1
5
(h) tan cos 1

2
3

3
1
(i) tan sin 1
4
2

Q3. Prove the following:


1
1
(a) 2 tan 1 tan 1
3
7 4

(c) 2 tan 1

(b) sin 1

5 2
1

1 1
sec1

2 tan
5
8 4
7

(e) 2 cot 1 5 cot 1 7 2 cot 1 8

4
5
16
sin 1 sin 1

5
13
65 2

3
3
8

(d) tan 1 tan 1 tan 1

4
5
19 4

(f) 2sin 1

3
17
tan 1

5
31 4

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 1

(g) sin 1

5
3
63
cos 1 tan 1
13
5
16

(h) cos 1

1 x2
1 1 x
(j) sin tan 1
1
cos

2
2x
1 x

(i) cot 1 13 cot 1 21 cot 1 8

Q4. Prove that: (a) sin 1

4
3
27
tan 1 tan 1
5
5
11

1
2

sin 1

5
5 2

(b) cot 1 7 cot 1 8 cot 1 18 cot 1 3

1
1

(c) cos 2 tan 1 sin 4 tan 1


7
3

(d) cot 2cot 1 3 7


4

3
3
6

(e) cos sin 1 cot 1


5
2 5 13

(f) tan 1

1
2 1
3 1
4
tan 1 cos 1 sin 1
4
9 2
5 2
5

1
2
4

(g) 2 tan 1 tan 1 tan 1


4
9
3

Q5. Write the following in the simplest form:


1 x2 1 x2
1 x2 1 x2

sin x
(a) tan 1

1 cos x

(d) tan 1

(b) tan 1

ax
ax

(e) cos tan 1 sin cot 1 x

cos 2 x
(c) tan 1

1 sin 2 x

(f)

cot 1

1 x2 x

Q6. Write the following in the simplest form:

x
(i ) tan 1
a a 2 x2

; a xa

1 x 1 x
(ii ) sin 1
; 0 x 1

1 x
(iii ) sin 2 tan 1

1 x

(iv) sin 1 x 1 x x 1 x 2

x 1 x 2
(v) sin

3cos x 4sin x
(vi) cos 1

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 2

Q7. Solve the following equations:


1 x 1
1
(a) tan 1
tan x
1 x 2

(c) sin 1 x sin 1 2 x

(b) tan 1 x 1 tan 1 x 1 tan 1

(d) cos1 x sin 1

(f) 4sin 1 x cos 1 x

2 6

6
17

3x
4x
(e) sin 1 sin 1 sin 1 x
5
5

(g) tan 1 x 1 tan 1 x tan 1 x 1 tan 1 3 x

Q8. Solve the following equations:


x
x
tan 1
; 0 x 6
2
3
4

(i ) tan 1

(ii ) tan 1 x 1 tan 1 x 1 tan 1

(iii ) cot x cot x 2


; x 0
12

2
2a
1 1 b
(iv ) sin
cos
2 tan 1 x
2
2
1 a
1 b

x 1
1 2 x 1
1 23
(v) tan 1
tan
tan
36
x 1
2x 1

x2 1
2
1 2 x
(vi ) cos 1 2
tan 2
3
x 1
x 1

8
31

Q9. Solve the following equations:


(a) tan 1 2 x tan 1 2 x tan 1

2
3

(c) tan cos 1 x sin cot 1


2

x 1
1 x 1
1
(b) tan 1
tan
tan 7
x
x 1

(d) sin 2cos1 cot 2 tan 1 x

2
2x
2x
1 1 x
(e) 3sin 1

4
cos
2 tan 1

2
2
2
1 x
1 x 3
1 x

(f) tan 1

1
1
2
tan 1
tan 1 2
1 2 x
4x 1
x

5
x

12

x 2

1
1
(h) sin sin

(g) tan 1 x 2 cot 1 x

(i) cos 2 sin 1 x

2
3

1
, x0
9

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 3

(j) sin 1 x sin 1 1 x cos 1 x

(k) cos tan 1 x sin cot 1


4

x2

1 x 2
(l) tan 1
tan

x4
x 4 4

2x 1
1 x
, x0
(m) tan 1
tan
2
2 x 2

Q10. Find the value of: (i ) 2sin 1

1
1
3tan 1 1 2cos 1 4sec 1
2
2

1 1
3
1
(ii ) 4 2 sin 1 5 tan 1 1 3cos 1 cos 1

2 2
2

Q11. (i) If tan 1 x tan 1 y tan 1 z

, prove that xy yz zx 1 .
2

1 x 2 1 x 2
1 x 2 1 x 2

(ii) Prove that tan 1

1
sin 1 x 2
2

a
a 2b
1
1
(iii) Prove that: tan cos 1 tan cos 1
b
b a
4 2
4 2
(iv) Prove that: sec 2 tan 1 2 cos ec 2 cot 1 3 15
ab 1
1 bc 1
1 ca 1
(v) Prove the following: cot 1
cot
cot
0.
a b
bc
ca

(vi) If y cot 1

cos x tan 1

x
cos x , then prove that sin y tan 2 .
2

1
14

(vii) Prove that sin 2 tan 1 cos tan 1 2 2


.
3
15

1 cos x 1 cos x
x
(viii) If x lies in the third quadrant, prove that: tan 1

1 cos x 1 cos x 4 2

(ix) Show that: 2 tan 1 3

4
tan 1
2
3

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 4

Q12. Solve for x :


2

(a) sin x cos x


1

5 2

4
3
(b) tan 1 x 1 cot 1 x 1 sin 1 cos 1
5
5

(c) 2 tan 1 sin x tan 1 2 sec x , x

x
Q13. (i) Prove that: tan 1
a2 x 2

(d) sin 1 6 x sin 1 6 3 x

a2 x2
x
sin 1 cos 1

a
a

x
(ii) Prove that: cos x cos
2

3 3x2

3
2

2x
1
1
Q14. If y tan 1
2 tan 1 , 0 x 1 , express y in its simplest form.
2
2
x
1 x
sin 1 x sin 1 y

Q15. Solve for x and y :

Q16. If cos 1

, cos 1 x cos 1 y
3
3

x 2 2 xy
y2
x
y
cos 2 sin 2 .
cos 1 , prove that 2
a
b
a
ab
b

Q17. Solve for x :


x 5
1 x 5
(a) tan 1
tan

x6
x6 4

x2

1 x 2
(b) tan 1
tan

x 3
x3 4

(c) sin cot 1 x 1 cos tan 1 x

(d) tan 1 x cot 1 x

(e) cot 1 2 x cot 1 3x

Q18.

(a)

Prove

that:

(f) tan 1

x x 1 sin 1

ab
a cos x b
x
2 tan 1
tan cos 1
.
a

b
2
a

b
cos
x

5 2
8

x 2 x 1
Hence

prove

that

5 cos x 3
x
1
2 tan 1 tan tan 1
.
2
2
5 3cos x

(b) Prove that: tan 1 x 1 x 2

1
tan 1 x , x R
4 2

Q19. Find the greatest and least values of sin 1 x cos1 x .

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 5

1
1
1
1
1
1
Q20. If tan 1
tan , then find the value of .
tan
... tan
1 1.2
1 2.3
1 n n 1

1 3
Q21. Prove that: cos 2sin 1
sin 4cos

5 2
10

3sin 2 x

1 1
Q22. (a) Prove that: tan 1
tan tan x x , where x .
2
2
4

5 3cos 2 x

6 x 8x3
4x
1
tan 1
tan 1 2 x ; 2 x
(b) Prove that tan
.
2
2
3
1 12 x
1 4 x
1

cos x cos y
x
y
1
Q23. Prove that: cos 1
2 tan tan tan
2
2

1 cos x cos y

Q24. Find the value of

tan
x0

Q25.

1
.

2
1

(a) If sin 1 x sin 1 y sin 1 z , prove that x 1 x 2 y 1 y 2 z 1 z 2 2 xyz .


(b) If cos 1 x cos 1 y cos 1 z , prove that x 2 y 2 z 2 2 xyz 1
(c) If tan 1 a tan 1 b tan 1 c , show that a b c abc .

Q26. If cos 1 cos 1 cos 1 3 , then find .


Q27*.

Using

Principle

of

Mathematical

Induction

or

otherwise

prove

that

1
n
1
1
1
tan 1 tan 1 ...tan 1 2
tan
n N
3
7
n n 1
n2

Q28. Prove that: tan 1

1 x
1 y
yx
.
tan 1
sin 1
1 x
1 y
1 x2 1 y 2

3 4 7
4 7
1
Q29. Show that tan sin 1
and justify that why the other value
is ignored?
4
3
3
2
Q30. If a1 , a2 , a3 ,..., an is an AP with common difference d , then evaluate the following expression:

d
d
1
1
tan tan 1
tan
... tan

1 a1a2
1 a2 a3
1 an 1an

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 6

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS


CHAPTER 2 INVERSE TRIGONOMETRY

5
2

1
Q1. If tan 1 tan
, tan tan
4
3

(a) 4 3
Q2. tan 1

, then:

(b) 3 4

(c) 7 12

(d) none of these

(c) 1

(d) none of these

1
2
tan 1 is equal to:
11
11

(a) 0

Q3. sin 1 x cos 1 x

(a)

1
2

(b)

1
2

, then x is equal to:


6
(b)

3
2

(c)

1
2

(d)

3
2

13

Q4. The value of cos 1 cos


is:
6

(a)

13
6

(b)

7
6

2
2

1
Q5. The value of cos 1 cos
sin sin
3
3

(a)

4
3

(b)

(c)

5
6

(d)

is:

(c)

3
4

(d)

(c)

7
12

(d)

(c)

3
5

(d) none of these

Q6. The value of tan 2 tan 1 is:


5 4

(a)

7
17

(b)

7
17

7
12

Q7. The value of cos tan 1 is:


4

(a)

3
5

(b)

4
5

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 7

1
Q8. If cot 1 x then value of sin x is:
5

1
26

(a)

5
26

(b)

1
24

(c)

(d) none of these

3
1
Q9. The value of sin 1 2 cos 1
is:
2
2
(a)

(b)

Q10. If tan 1 x
(a)

(c)

3
2

(d) none of these

(c)

1
6

(d) none of these

1
tan 1 , then value of x is:
4
3

1
2

(b)

Q11. If sin 1 x sin 1 y

1
4

2
, then value of cos 1 x cos 1 y is:
3

(c)

Q12. If tan 1 1 x tan 1 1 x

, then value of x is:


2

(a)

(b)

(a) 1

(b) 1

(c) 0

(d)

2
3

(d)

1
2

Q13. The value of tan 1 2 tan 1 3 is:


(a)

(b)

(c)

3
4

(d)

Q14. The value of tan 1 x tan 1 3 tan 1 8 , then value of x is:


(a)

1
3

(b)

1
5

(c) 3

(d) 5

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 8

4
2

Q15. The value of tan cos 1 tan 1 is:


5
3

(a)

13
6

(b)

17
6

(c)

19
6

(d)

23
6

Q16. If tan 1 1 x , tan 1 x , tan 1 1 x are in A.P., then value of x3 x 2 is:


(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 1

(d) x 1

Q17. If tan 1 x tan 1 y tan 1 z , then the value of x y z is:


(a) 0

(b)

1
2

(c)

(d) xyz

a
b
Q18. If tan 1 tan 1 , the value of x is:
x
x 2

(a) ab

(b)

ab

(c) ab

(d) none of these

Q19. If cos 1 x sin 1 x 0 , then the value of x is:


(a) 0

(b) 1

(c)

1
2

(d)

3
2

(d)

x
2

Q20. The value of cos 1 sin x sin 1 cos x is:


(a)

(b) x

(c) 2x

Q21. If x 0, y 0 such that xy 1 , then tan 1 x tan 1 y is :


(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) none of these

3
1

Q22. The value of tan cos 1 tan 1 is:


5
4

(a)

19
8

(b)

8
19

(c)

19
12

(c)

3
4

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 9

Q23. The principal value of cos 1 cos 6800

(a)

2
9

(b)

Q24. If sin 1 x sin 1 y


(a) 1,1

is:

2
9

(c)

34
9

(d)

, cos 1 x cos 1 y , then x , y is:


2
2
(b) 0,1

(c) 1, 0

(d) 1, 1

Q25. One branch of cos 1 x other than the principal value branch corresponds to:

3
(a) ,
2 2

3
(b) , 2
2

(c) , 0

(d) 2 , 3

CHAPTER 2 INVERSE TRIGONOMETRY


ONE MARKER QUESTIONS
Q1. If tan 1 x tan 1 y

, what is the value of x y xy .


4

1
; x 1 in the simplest form.
Q2. Express cot 1
x2 1

1
1
Q3. Using the principal values, write the value of cos 1 sin 1 .
2
2

Q4. Write the value of tan 1 2cos 2sin 1 .


2

3
Q5. Find the principal value of sin 1 sin .
5

3
Q6. Write the value of cos tan 1 .
4

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 10

Q7. What is the principal value of tan 1 tan


6

1
cos cos
.
6

1
Q8. Write the value of tan 2 tan 1 .
5 4

Q9. Find x , if tan 1 5 cot 1 x

.
2

3
Q10. What is the principal value of sin 1
?
2

1
Q11. Write the value of sin cot x in terms of x only.

1
Q12. Find the principal value(s) of cos 1
2
Q13. Find the value of sec 1 2 tan 1

3.

Q14. Write the principal value of cos 1 cos


6

1
sin sin 3

3
Q15. Evaluate: cos cos 1
.

1
Q16. If sin 1 cos 1 x , then find x .
2
3

Q17. Find the value of x , if cos sin 1 cos 1 x 0


3

1
Q18. If x 2 , then find the principal value of sin 1 x
x

Q19. If 3 tan 1 x cot 1 x , What is the value of x ?


Q20. If a 2sin 1 x cos 1 x b , then find value of a and b
www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 11

Q21. If tan 1 x tan 1 y

4
, then what is value of cot 1 x cot 1 y ?
5

Q22. Evaluate cos 2 cos 1 x sin 1 x at x , where 0 cos 1 x and sin 1 x .


5
2
2

Q23. If sin 1 x cos 1 x

, find x .
6

1
Q24. Find x if: tan 1 x cot 1 x tan 1

ANSWERS (INVERSE TRIGONOMETRY)

1.(a)

(j)

(b)

2. (a)

4
5

5.(a)

(e)

5
6

(k)

10

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(d)

7
24
15
(e)
(f)
(g)
17
25
8

x
2

(b)

1 1 2
cos x
4 2

x2 1
x2 2

(f)

1 1
tan x
4 2

sin 1 x
4

2
3

(l)

(c)

(ii )

4
5

5
3

(b)

1
x
6. (i ) sin 1
2
a
(v)

(c)

1
cos 1 x
4 2

(c)

x
4

(iii ) 1 x 2

1
10

(d)

3
4

(h)

(h)

(i)

6
7

3 5
4 7
(i)
2
3

1
x
cos 1
2
a

(iv) sin 1 x sin 1 x

4
(vi) x tan 1
3

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 12

7. (a)

1
3

(e) 0 , 1

(ii)

9. (a) x 3

(f) 3 ,

10. (i )

2
3

23
12

(d) x

(g) 0,

(iv)

a b
1 ab

(b) No Sol.

(c)

5
3

(g) x 3

(h) 13

1
4

(iii) 3

(ii )

12

(d) 1

1
2

4 3
( v) x ,
3 8

(i)

2
3

(b)

7
2

(c) x

2
5 2
, greatest :
19. least :
8
4

1
2

20.

1
2

(k)

(b) x

48
7

(j) x 0,

1
2

14. 0

7
2

(vi ) x 2 3

(d) x 1, 1 2 , 1 2

12. (a) x

1
12

17. (a)

1 3
2 7

(c)

1
2

(f)

8. (i )1

1
3

(b)

15. x

(d) x 1

n
n2

24.

3
4

(e)

(l) 2

(c)

1
3

(m)

2
3

1
, y 1
2

(e). x 1

(f). x 0, 1

an a1
1 an a1

26. 6

30.

10. a

11. b 12. c

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS


1. a

2. a

3. b

13. c

14. b 15. b

4. d

5. d

6. b

7. b

16. b 17. d 18. b 19. c

8. b

9. c

20. c

21. b 22. a

23. a

24. c

25. d

www.amitbajajmaths.blogspot.in , amitbajajcrpf@gmail.com Ph. 9891644454

Page 13