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Piping analysis with PepS

Trainer : J. Catalano
Helsingborg, 20-24 September 2010

Overview of the presentation


Introduction to PepS
Quick start
PIPESTRESS
Editpipe editor
Editpipe manager: Pipeman
Analysis cards Static and dynamic analyses

Identifiant

Class 2&3 Piping


Class 1 Piping
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Introduction to PepS
Windows based program for nuclear and non-nuclear piping
PepS = integrated package PIPESTRESS (core calculation program) +

Identifiant

Editpipe (pre and post-processor)

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Quick start
Start PepS
Create a new project
Define simple geometry with Quickpipe wizard

Running PIPESTRESS and Viewing the results


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Identifiant

 ASME B31.1 code


 12 Shedule 80 pipe
 TP 304 material
 Large radius elbows
 Content = steam
 T=350C (662F) P=45 bar (650 psi)

Identifiant

Quick start

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Quick start
QPDemo.fre

16.03.2009 14:19:36

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

12
0

0
25
0
16
10
0

0
18

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Identifiant

0
20

View Angles: (35.0,-45.0)

Editpipe 6.0 (c) 1996-2007 Tractebel

PIPESTRESS
Nuclear, chemical process and conventional power piping codes
Nuclear QA per 10CFR50, App. B, and 10CFR21
Variety of loading conditions. Simple non-linearities in one-dimensional
Up to 500 user-defined load and combination cases
Structures with 3,000 elements or more
Element dimensions in Cartesian, cylindrical, spherical or sloping

coordinates
Thermal stratification

Identifiant

Mixed class

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PIPESTRESS
Response cases with up to 99 independent support levels
Response spectra in Cartesian or cylindrical coordinates
Modal superposition by grouping, double sum CQC and other methods
Time history analysis by generalized response method
Selective true time history analysis
Determination of rigid cut-off frequency for time history analysis
Rigid mode correction for all dynamic analysis method

Identifiant

Translators from other analysis programs

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PIPESTRESS
Input file

80 character per-record text file,


Free format input (= free file)
Piping structure, loadings and other information defined by groups of

records = "cards

Identifiant

Cards identified by a four character card identity in positions 1 to 4

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PIPESTRESS
Input file
Order of the input :

IDEN
TITL
Other Analysis cards

Floor Response Spectrum cards (if required)


Structure/Load cards

Identifiant

ENDP

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PIPESTRESS
Input file

Each card contains several fields entered in positions 6 to 80:

ff=vvv...
 ff = field ident
 vvv = value to be entered

Identifiant

Example: to define reference case number 320, enter RF=320

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PIPESTRESS
Input file
One card may extend in more than one line:
CCAS CA=200 ME=8 EQ=1 C1=101 C2=102
TI=/THERM. + ANCHOR MOTION/

Comments lines introduced with an asterisk:


* This is a comment line

Particular field PT= for defining point identities = strings consisting of

one to four alphanumeric characters (digits 0,1,..,9, and characters


A,B,C,...,Z and a,b,c,...,z )
Example: straight pipe, length = 2.5 m in X direction, end point identity =

60:
Identifiant

TANG PT=60 DX=2.5

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PIPESTRESS
Input file - Some important cards
Analysis cards
IDEN Identification of the model, the piping code (ASME B31.1,) and

the units
TITL Titles and other options, in particular version of the piping code
LCAS Defines a Load Case for which PIPESTRESS will calculate

displacements, rotations, forces, moments and stresses


CSTR Instructs PIPESTRESS to calculate "additive" stresses which are

Identifiant

based on the resultant moments of the constituent cases

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PIPESTRESS
Input file - Some important cards
Structure/Load cards
OPER Defines the operating conditions for a load case for the members

which follow this card until another OPER card for the same load case is
encountered
CROS Defines the size, weight and other section dependent properties of

the pipe for members which follow this card until another CROS card is
encountered
MATL Defines the material for members which follow this card until

another MATL card is encountered


TANG Defines a straight pipe element which is specified by a vector
Identifiant

along the element axis

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PIPESTRESS
Input file - Some important cards
BRAD Defines a curved pipe element (bend or elbow) which is specified

by its radius
ANCH Points of a piping system where all six displacement components

are known (anchors)


RSTN Defines a single direction in which the piping system is restrained

against displacement at the given point. A separate card must be used for
each restraint direction
ENDP Indicates the end of the problem description. Cards which follow
Identifiant

this card are ignored.

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PIPESTRESS
Result files
Binary result file, the restart file, usually with a rs1 (or rs2, rs3,etc)

extension, containing all computed displacement, forces and stresses


Reports in several text files, identified by their extensions (filename =

Identifiant

PIPESTRESS input file name):


filename.prd Banners, File information, Free format errors, Modal
extraction
filename.pri
Input data verification
filename.prl
Static load cases solutions
filename.prr Floor response cases solutions

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PIPESTRESS
Result files

Time history cases solutions

filename.prc

Combination cases solutions

filename.prf

Fatigue analysis solutions, Thermal transient solutions

filename.pre

Support summaries, Contents, Timing

filename.err

Error messages

Identifiant

filename.prx

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Editpipe

Identifiant

Most commands at a mouse click

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Editpipe
Text Editor

syntax coloring improves reading of text file


comment / uncomment text lines
read and write DOS or UNIX text files
EasyFree Database

database of PIPESTRESS cards


database of cross sections, materials, standard elements (tees, reductions)

Identifiant

fully adaptable to the needs of the user

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Editpipe

Online Help (F1)


Editpipe features
PIPESTRESS User's Manual Section 2/3

Piping View

high-speed graphics; instantaneous interaction with user


toggle supports, point numbers, support size, hidden lines
element selection with properties window

Identifiant

WYSIWYG plots

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Editpipe
Element Lists

show coordinates, elements, cross sections, materials


show Operating Conditions
Interaction Text Editor - Piping View

jump to text line where selected element is defined


show element defined by current text line
jump to line defining support
Response Spectra
Identifiant

display and print response spectra

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Editpipe
Piping View Management

save and load piping views including all options


AutoFormat

automatic formatting of input file


Print to Metafile
Element division tool

Identifiant

Quickpipe and mass wizards

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Editpipe
Post-Processing

direct access to restart file


show & animate displacements and internal forces and moments
animate time history displacements (with ADAMOS only)

Identifiant

View Maxstress file with element highlighting

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Pipeman

Text Editor

Windows Explorer

Editpipe

Pipeman

Create an intelligent Text Editor

Create an intelligent File Manager

Adapted to PIPESTRESS Free format

Adapted to PIPESTRESS
Input/Output

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Identifiant

Pipeman

Editpipe

Pipeman
Edit/View PIPESTRESS Input and Output Files

Editpipe
THF Time History file Viewer
Restart File Viewer
Viewer for PPO files (Support Loads)
Viewer for PRD,PRI,PRL PRC files (PIPESTRESS Reports)
Extraction and Viewer of Highest Stresses

Identifiant

HPGL plots

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Pipeman
Run PIPESTRESS

Selection of Input Files


Transparent Windows / UNIX interface
Execution Monitor shows progress of Analysis
Run Post (support loads)

Remove support list from input file

Identifiant

Batch manager

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Pipeman
Flange calculator
PIPESTRESS runtime errors tracking
Validation tool
Automatic Generation of Stress Report

Identifiant

uses WORD documents !

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Exercise 1
Modeling elbows, reducers, tees,

200

Elbows : card BRAD


10

20

30

ANCH PT=10
TANG PT=20 DX=5
BRAD PT=30 RA=2

40

Identifiant

TANG PT=40 DY=4

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Exercise 1
Modelling elbows, reducers, tees, (Contd)
2.5

0.4

Concentric reducer: card CRED


10

20

30

40

CROS CD=1 OD=200 WT=8


ANCH PT=10
TANG PT=20 DX=2.5
CRED PT=30 DX=0.4
CROS CD=2 OD=150 WT=6

Identifiant

TANG PT=40 DX=3

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Exercise 1 (Contd)
Modelling elbows, reducers, tees,
310

TEE: cards JUNC and BRAN


Field TE to specify the tee type:

300

0.5

TE=0 : branch connection

200

TE=1: welding tee


TE=3: fabricated tee (reinforced: PD = pad thickness)
JUNC PT=200
CROS CD=2 OD=150 WT=6
BRAN PT=300 TE=1 DY=0.5

Identifiant

TANG PT=310 DY=2

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Exercise (Contd)
Validation tool and error tracking

Run the validation tool and check the program installation


Introduce errors in the input file and trace them after execution of

Identifiant

PIPESTRESS

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Load cases and combinations


LCAS: static load case

RF: if not blank, dependent load case: P and Tare those of RF


TY: type of analysis, only to determine how restraints such as
snubbers, variable support spring hangers and constant support hangers
behave (see Table 3.4 in PS manual). E.g.:
 0 = Thermal Expansion
 1 = Dynamic Continued Operation
 2 = Dynamic Safe Shut-down
 3 = Operating Weight
 6 = Seismic Displacement
 9 = Design Weight
Identifiant

EQ: code equation to be verified: 0 = default output for TY, 1 = no output

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Identifiant

Load cases and combinations

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Identifiant

Load cases and combinations

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Identifiant

Load cases and combinations

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Load cases and combinations


LCAS computes results for thermal expansion (see Table 3.1), imposed

forces and displacements. Weight included only if TY=3, 4, 8 or 9


Operating conditions and loading for the load case defined by several

cards:
OPER: P and T(base case only)
AMVT, RMVT: imposed displacements at anchors and restraints
FORC, MOMT: imposed forces and moments

Identifiant

etc.

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Load cases and combinations


CSTR: additive stresses combination. Used to verify most criteria of the

Identifiant

codes (excepted Class 1)


RF: pressure of RF case is used
MA: sustained load case
MB: occasional load case
MC: moment range of thermal load cases
EQ: equation to be verified

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Load cases and combinations


CCAS: true combination (moment combined before calculating stresses)

C1, C2,: cases to be combined


ME: combination method (see Table 2.6 in PS manuals), e.g.:
>
>
>
>
>
>

0=
1=
2=
3=
8=
9=

algebraic addition
add absolute values
square root of sum of squares
seismic
range: algebraic max. minus algebraic min.
resultant moment range

Identifiant

EQ: equation to be verified

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Identifiant

Load cases and combinations

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Load cases and combinations


CCAS: which combination method to use ?

Identifiant

ME=0: all cases are signed true vectorial summation


ME=1: conservative combination of 2 unsigned cases
ME=2: SRSS combination of 2 unsigned cases (e.g. primary + secondary
seismic response)
ME=3: unsigned + signed cases. Used when building two load sets with
extreme moments (Class 1), see PS manual
ME=8: range = algebraic max ( 0) algebraic min ( 0) (zero moment
case automatically included). Used in particular for defining MC in CSTR
card (=range of several thermal expansion cases)

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Load cases and combinations


CSTR and CCAS shall be placed after all LCAS cards
Class 2&3, B31: Sh = S at design T(DESN card), whatever the

temperature of the load case


Specify P = PDesign in one base load case (LCAS 100 in the example) to

Identifiant

verify sustained loads at design pressure. Combinations to verify


sustained+occasional loads shall refer to this load case (RF=100)

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Load cases and combinations


Hot modulus option: MD=1 in card TITL (non Class 1 piping)

Thermal expansion moments evaluated with EH


Expansion stresses multiplied by Ec/Eh when verifying code equations

Identifiant

RF shall be specified in card FREQ (Eh) see dynamic analysis

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Load cases and combinations


Use RF to specify:

Tand P in dependent LCAS


P in CCAS (+ Tfor Sm in Class 1)
P in CSTR. Sh is always the allowable stress at design T
Eh in FREQ (Class 1 or MD=1)

Identifiant

Tfor Sm in LSET (Class 1)

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Exercise 2
B31.1 piping
Build the complete piping model see next isometric
Set CD=0 in card IDEN (B31.1 analysis)
Use the cold modulus option (MD=0 in card TITL)
Design conditions:

T = 350C (662F), P = 45 bar (650 psi), fluid = steam


Two operating conditions:

2) T=325C (617F), P=35 bar (507 psi)


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Identifiant

1) T=350C (662F), P=45 bar (650 psi)

Identifiant

Exercise 2 (Contd)
B31.1 piping

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Exercise 2 (Contd)
B31.1 piping
16.04.2009 11:57:34

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

View Angles: (21.7,-43.3)

Editpipe 6.0 (c) 1996-2007 Tractebel

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Identifiant

CLASS2S.FRE

Exercise 2 (Contd)
B31.1 piping
Set the operating fluid density in CROS cards (SO=0.01)
One load case at design pressure and ambient t(TE=0 no thermal

expansion) with the operating dead weight (TY=3) to verify the sustained
loading criteria:
LCAS CA=100 TY=3 EQ=2 TI=/Dead Weight/
Create the two operating load cases for verifying thermal expansion:

LCAS CA=101 TY=0 EQ=1 TI=/Thermal 1/


LCAS CA=102 TY=0 EQ=1 TI=/Thermal 2/
Identifiant

PS: if number of cycles > 7000, enter CY=xxx and EQ=7 to calculate f

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Exercise 2 (Contd)
B31.1 piping

Define the design conditions just before the first geometry cards

DESN TE= 350 PR=4.5


Define temperature and pressure in the piping for the 3 load cases

PRES CA=100 PR=4.5


OPER CA=101 TE=350 PR=4.5
OPER CA=102 TE=325 PR=3.5
Create a load combination to calculate the range of thermal moments:
Identifiant

CCAS CA=200 C1=101 C2=102 ME=8 EQ=1 TI=/Thermal range/

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Exercise 2 (Contd)
B31.1 piping

Create a CSTR combination to verify the thermal expansion criteria

CSTR CA=300 RF=100 MA=100 MC=200 EQ=8 TI=/D.W. + Thermal/


Run PIPESTRESS
View results
Set different operating conditions in the branch line and run PIPESTRESS

Identifiant

again

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Exercise 3
Calculating support reactions

Create the POST file


Run POSTR

Identifiant

View the support file

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Exercise 4
Generating the stress report

Create plots of the piping system


Create the RTF file

Identifiant

Generate the DOC file

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Dynamic analysis
RCAS

Floor response spectra - primary solution SPEC Cards


RSEC

Floor response spectra - secondary solution SPEC Cards


DCAS

Complex floor response spectra - primary solution - SPFILE file


DSEC

Identifiant

Complex floor response spectra - secondary solution - SPFILE file

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Dynamic analysis
RACC

Time history support accelerations - primary solution - THACC file


GCAS

Time history applied forces - complete solution (see LINE option) - THAFF
file
FREQ

Modal analysis. Mandatory before any dynamic analysis


FR = max frequency

Identifiant

MP = frequency for automatic mass generation

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Exercise 5
RCAS and DCAS analysis
Create SPEC cards for OBE earthquake 2% damping with EV=1
Level 1:
DX=2 DY=0 DZ=5
X/Z dir. :
0.10/0.008
0.41/0.083
0.86/0.239
1.48/0.451
2.35/0.464
3.90/0.730
5.41/0.200
11.22/0.101

0.22/0.035
0.54/0.106
1.06/0.444
1.71/0.288
2.51/0.541
4.56/0.367
5.98/0.181
21.27/0.090

0.38/0.059
0.61/0.121
1.08/0.450
1.89/0.306
2.78/0.731
4.69/0.328
6.50/0.150
100.00/0.086

0.40/0.072
0.74/0.168
1.47/0.457
1.96/0.319
2.81/0.739
5.35/0.204
8.13/0.121

0.10/0.004
1.03/0.062
1.87/0.212
2.20/0.380
3.00/1.117
4.71/0.596
7.04/0.228
26.71/0.133
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0.22/0.016
1.12/0.069
1.88/0.225
2.37/0.471
3.01/1.122
4.79/0.553
7.66/0.203
100.00/0.133

0.40/0.027
1.15/0.082
1.89/0.251
2.66/0.698
4.11/1.118
5.51/0.335
10.23/0.162

PepS training

0.42/0.034
1.54/0.144
1.90/0.257
2.78/0.825
4.12/1.113
5.72/0.325
14.10/0.142

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Identifiant

Y dir. :

Exercise 5 (Contd)
RCAS and DCAS analysis
Level 2:
DX=3 DY=0 DZ=7.6
X/Z dir. :
0.10/0.01
0.41/0.091
0.86/0.272
1.48/0.488
2.35/0.494
3.90/0.790
5.41/0.250
11.22/0.139

0.22/0.045
0.54/0.115
1.06/0.550
1.71/0.328
2.51/0.563
4.56/0.435
5.98/0.211
21.27/0.120

0.38/0.066
0.61/0.130
1.08/0.560
1.89/0.351
2.78/0.771
4.69/0.388
6.50/0.190
100.00/0.118

0.40/0.078
0.74/0.180
1.47/0.566
1.96/0.332
2.81/0.785
5.35/0.254
8.13/0.142

0.10/0.005
1.03/0.075
1.87/0.321
2.20/0.560
3.00/1.332
4.71/0.732
7.04/0.305
26.71/0.141
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0.22/0.018
1.12/0.092
1.88/0.325
2.37/0.561
3.01/1.332
4.79/0.730
7.66/0.288
100.00/0.141
PepS training

0.40/0.027
1.15/0.125
1.89/0.337
2.66/0.970
4.11/1.335
5.51/0.435
10.23/0.206

0.42/0.038
1.54/0.174
1.90/0.343
2.78/1.025
4.12/1.280
5.72/0.425
14.10/0.165

55

Identifiant

Y dir. :

Exercise 5 (Contd)
RCAS and DCAS analysis

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0.40/0.072
0.74/0.168
1.47/0.457
1.96/0.319
2.81/0.739
5.35/0.204
8.13/0.121
0.42/0.034
1.54/0.144
1.90/0.257
2.78/0.825
4.12/1.113
5.72/0.325
14.10/0.142
0.40/0.078
0.74/0.180
1.47/0.566
1.96/0.332
2.81/0.785
5.35/0.254
8.13/0.142
0.42/0.038
1.54/0.174
1.90/0.343
2.78/1.025
4.12/1.280
5.72/0.425
14.10/0.165

Identifiant

SPEC FS=OBE EV=1 ME=3


TI=/OBE Spectra 2% damping/
LV=1 DX=2 DY=0 DZ=5
DI=XZ
0.10/0.008
0.22/0.035
0.38/0.059
0.41/0.083
0.54/0.106
0.61/0.121
0.86/0.239
1.06/0.444
1.08/0.450
1.48/0.451
1.71/0.288
1.89/0.306
2.35/0.464
2.51/0.541
2.78/0.731
3.90/0.730
4.56/0.367
4.69/0.328
5.41/0.200
5.98/0.181
6.50/0.150
11.22/0.101
21.27/0.090 100.00/0.086
DI=Y
0.10/0.004
0.22/0.016
0.40/0.027
1.03/0.062
1.12/0.069
1.15/0.082
1.87/0.212
1.88/0.225
1.89/0.251
2.20/0.380
2.37/0.471
2.66/0.698
3.00/1.117
3.01/1.122
4.11/1.118
4.71/0.596
4.79/0.553
5.51/0.335
7.04/0.228
7.66/0.203
10.23/0.162
26.71/0.133 100.00/0.133
LV=2 DX=3 DY=0 DZ=7.6
DI=XZ
0.10/0.01
0.22/0.045
0.38/0.066
0.41/0.091
0.54/0.115
0.61/0.130
0.86/0.272
1.06/0.550
1.08/0.560
1.48/0.488
1.71/0.328
1.89/0.351
2.35/0.494
2.51/0.563
2.78/0.771
3.90/0.790
4.56/0.435
4.69/0.388
5.41/0.250
5.98/0.211
6.50/0.190
11.22/0.139
21.27/0.120 100.00/0.118
DI=Y
0.10/0.005
0.22/0.018
0.40/0.027
1.03/0.075
1.12/0.092
1.15/0.125
1.87/0.321
1.88/0.325
1.89/0.337
2.20/0.560
2.37/0.561
2.66/0.970
3.00/1.332
3.01/1.332
4.11/1.335
4.71/0.732
4.79/0.730
5.51/0.435
7.04/0.305
7.66/0.288
10.23/0.206
26.71/0.141 100.00/0.141

Identifiant

Exercise 5 (Contd)
RCAS and DCAS analysis

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Exercise 5 (Contd)
RCAS and DCAS analysis
Create the card FREQ after the card TITL for modal analysis

FREQ FR=33 MP=33


Define the primary response case

RCAS CA=800 TY=1 EV=1 FX=1 FY=1 FZ=1 EQ=1 TI=/Earthquake Prim./
Define the secondary response case

RSEC CA=801 TY=6 EV=1 FX=1 FY=1 FZ=1 EQ=1 TI=/Earthquake Sec./
Define the total response case with the SRSS method:

CCAS CA=201 C1=800 C2=801 ME=2 TI=/Earthquake Total/

CSTR CA=301 RF=100 MA=100 MB=201 EQ=3 TI=/D.W.+Earthquake/


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Identifiant

Verify the sustained + occasional loading criteria

Exercise 5 (Contd)
RCAS and DCAS analysis

Create SPF file, same spectra, with program UFSPF


Use DCAS for primary response (+ DSUP at restraints)

Identifiant

Compare DCAS and RCAS results

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Exercise 6
GCAS analysis
Create THF file with FHFILE
Node 10, dir. Z, component TH1

0.000

0.

0.265 119700.

0.303

77500.

0.036

15200.

0.273 119600.

0.313

77900.

0.040

65300.

0.276

98500.

0.316

70300.

0.250

65300.

0.287

98500.

0.253

63400.

0.290

88500.

0.263

63400.

0.300

88500.

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60

Identifiant

Time (s)/force (N or Lbf) pairs:

Exercise 6 (Contd)
GCAS analysis

Waterhammer
140

TH1

(WH.thf)

( 10)

kN

120

100

80

60

40

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Editpipe 5.0 for Windows (c) 1996-2004 Tractebel Engineering

50

PepS training

100

150

200

61

250

300

ms

350

Identifiant

20

Exercise 6 (Contd)
GCAS analysis

Create time history load case (waterhammer):

GCAS CA=810 TY=1 DP=5 EQ=1 TI=/Waterhammer/


Verify the sustained + occasional loading criteria:

CSTR CA=302 RF=100 MA=100 MB=810 EQ=3 TI=/D.W.+Waterhammer/


Check effect of LINE option (true envelope)

Identifiant

Using SPECT to determine the cut-off frequency

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Class 2&3 Piping


Very similar to ASME B31 codes
Allowable stresses depend on Level A/B/C/D
CSTR combinations

Identifiant

Simplified fatigue analysis

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Exercise 7
Class 2 piping
Use geometry defined previously
Set CD=2 in card IDEN (Class 2 analysis)
Use the cold modulus option (MD=0 in card TITL)

Identifiant

Check material properties (ASME II D Table 1A)

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Exercise 7 (Contd)
Class 2 piping
Same load cases 100, 101 and 102 as defined in B31.1 with same

temperature and pressure (OPER cards)


LCAS CA=100 TY=3 EQ=2 TI=/Dead Weight/ (verify Eq. 8: sustained)
LCAS CA=101 TY=0 EQ=1 TI=/Thermal 1/
LCAS CA=102 TY=0 EQ=1 TI=/Thermal 2/
Compute range of thermal moments and verify Eq. 10 (thermal

expansion):
CCAS CA=200 C1=101 C2=102 ME=8 EQ=7 TI=/Thermal range/

CSTR CA=300 RF=100 MA=100 MC=200 EQ=8 TI=/D.W.+Thermal range/


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Identifiant

Verify Eq. 11 (sustained + thermal expansion):

Exercise 7 (Contd)
Class 2 piping

Same dynamic load cases 800, 801, 802 and 810 (Level B)
Verify Eq. 9: sustained + Level B occasional (seism with secondary part !)

CSTR CA=301 RF=101 MA=100 MB=802 EQ=3 TI=/D.W.+Earthquake/


CSTR CA=302 RF=101 MA=100 MB=810 EQ=3 TI=/D.W.+Waterhammer/
Run PIPESTRESS

Identifiant

Check the results

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66