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Geometric.drawing.in.Islam

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The Circle

Is an important shape in Islamic religion

and Islamic geometric design. It symbolizes

wholeness, unity and perfection.

consciousness.

The points symbolize the knower,

the act of knowing and the known.

with a hole pierced in

the middle draw the

outline of the circle

and mark the centre

with a dot. Join up the

central dots to create

an equilateral triangle.

Again use the circle

template to draw four

circles and mark the

centre of the circles.

Join the centre points

up to create a square.

The square symbolizes the four

elements earth, air, fire and

wind.

Using the circle templates

draw three circles as if

creating a triangle then

place two circles either

side of the upper circle

and two on the row above.

Mark all the centre-points.

Join all the points together

in the outer circle to create

The hexagon is close in shape to the

a six sided hexagon

circle and is associated with the

perfection of the circle.

It is therefore a symbol of heaven.

Islamic Geometry

www.islamic.co.uk/history/dateconverter.asp

built on the mathematical ideas

of the ancient Greeks

Islamic mathematical and

astrological ideas spread to

Europe via the Moorish

occupation of Spain.

Islamic ideas about geometry

and mathematics have been

very influential on European

scholars over many years.

The picture opposite shows

astronomers at an early

observatory in Istanbul.

German astrologer,

mathematician and

astronomer.

He is best known for

his laws of planetary

motion.

Picture source:www.mhs.ox.ac.uk

Solid model of the solar system.

The complex model showed 5

spheres with increasingly complex

polyhedra nested inside each other.

Each polyhedron represented a

different planet and the size of each

polyhedra represented the

proportion of space each planet was

thought to occupy.

Although aesthetically pleasing, we

now know that there are more than

6 planets in the solar system and

we have proved Keplers distance

estimates were wrong.

polyhedra.

This picture shows a close up

of Keplers Polyhedra.

It contained the following

polyhedrons:

Tetrahedron (pyramid) 4

sides.

Cube - 6 sides

Octahedron - 8 sides

Dodecahedron - 12 sides

Icosahedron - 20 sides.

Image from: www.answers.com/topic/johannes-kepler

History of Science, Oxford.

This object is in

the Museum of

the History of

Science Oxford.

It is a curious

monument to

platonic solids

and geometry

Can you name

the polyhedra?

Constructing polyhedra

Step1

Using a compass draw

a circle and mark the

centre point. Using a

protractor divide the

circle up into equal 30

degree sections mark

each section with a

dot. Make sure the top

point is in line with

the centre point.

Step 2

Create an upside down

equilateral triangle

using a ruler and a

dashed line by joining

the points shown.

Step 3

Divide the circle into

equal thirds using a

dashed line as shown.

Step 4

Create a hexagon with

a solid line by joining

the points of the

triangle with the

points that are made

by the division into

thirds.

Step 5

Using the same colour

as the hexagon outline

join the points of the

triangle to the centre

point using a solid

line. This will create a

three dimensional

cube shape.

Step 6

Use a solid line to join

the points where the

dashed line of the

triangle meets the

dashed line of the

division into thirds.

This will create a

triangle.

Step 7

Measure and find the

half way point of the

front three lines of the

cube. Carefully join

these points with a

broken line. There

should now be two

overlapping equilateral

triangles in the centre.

Step 8

Join the points of the

overlapping triangles

using a solid line this

will create a hexagon

shape.

How many shapes and

polygons (solid multisided shapes) can you

see in your drawing?

Can you find out the

names of these shapes

and polygons.

Squares and Circles

Step 1

Draw a circle using a

compass. Divide the

circle into 45 degree

sections. You should

end up with 8 equal

sections.

Step 2

Using a compass draw

a smaller circle with

about half the radius

of the first.

Step 3

Inside the larger circle

draw a square joining

the points shown.

Step 4

Create a further square

by joining the other

points as shown.

Step 5

Mark the points where

the dividing lines meet

the smaller circle.

Also mark the points

where the squares

overlap.

Step 6

Join the marked points

to create an eight point

star. You should have

created two eight point

stars inside each other.

Can you use these star

shapes to create a

pattern of your own?

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