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You are on page 1of 3

From 12.7

8. Does the series

X

k=1

2k k!

(k + 2)!

converge or diverge?

Answer: Using the Ratio Test,

k+1

2 (k+1)!

(k+3)!

k+1

2(k + 1)

lim 2k k! = lim

= 2 lim

= 2.

k

k k + 3

k k + 3

(k+2)!

Since 2 > 1, the Ratio Test says that the series diverges.

12. Does the series

sin n

n=1

converge or diverge?

Answer: The limit

lim sin n

does not exist, so the Divergence Test says that the series diverges.

22. Does the series

X

n=1

n2 1

n3 + 2n2 + 5

converge or diverge?

Answer: Notice that, for any n,

p

n2 1 <

n2 = n.

Also,

n3 + 2n2 + 5 > n3

for all n. Therefore, we see that

n2 1

n

1

< 3 = 2

2

+ 2n + 5

n

n

P 1

for all n. Hence, since the series

converges (its a p-series with p = 2 > 1), the

n2

comparison test says that the given series converges.

n3

1/n

X

e

n2

n=1

converge or diverge?

Answer: Do a limit comparison to the convergent series

a p-series with p = 2 > 1):

e1/n

2

lim n

n 12

n

n

1

n2

e = 1.

P e1/n

n2

converges.

From 12.8

10. Find the radius of convergence and interval of convergence of the series

X

10n xn

n=1

n3

n+1 n+1

10 x

(n+1)3

n3

10|x|n3

lim 10n xn = lim

=

10|x|

lim

= 10|x|,

3

n

n (n + 1)3

n (n + 1)

n3

which is less than 1 when |x| <

1

10 .

then the series is given by

1 n

X

X

10n 10

1

=

,

3

n

n3

n=1

1

10 .

If x =

1

10 .

1

10 ,

n=1

1

, then the series is given by

which converges (its a p-series with p = 3 > 1). If x = 10

1

X

10n 10

n3

n=1

n

=

X

(1)n

n=1

n3

which converges (you can see this either by the Alternating Series Test or by noting that, as

we already saw above, this series is absolutely convergent).

Putting this all together, we see that the interval of convergence of the power series is

1 1

,

10 10

16. Find the radius of convergence and interval of convergence of the series

(1)n

n=0

(x 3)n

.

2n + 1

n+1

n+1 (x3)

(1)

|x 3|(2n + 1)

2n + 1

2(n+1)+1

= lim

= |x 3| lim

= |x 3|,

lim

n

(x3)

n 2n + 3

n (1)n

2n + 3

n

2n+1

which is less than 1 when |x 3| < 1. Hence, the radius of convergence of the series is 1.

To find the interval of convergence, note that |x 3| < 1 is equivalent to

2 < x < 4,

so the endpoints of the interval are x = 2 and x = 4. When x = 2, x 3 = 1, so the series

is given by

n

X

X

1

n (1)

=

,

(1)

2n + 1

2n + 3

n=0

n=0

P1

which is a divergent series (do a limit comparison to, e.g.,

n ). When x = 4, x 3 = 1, so

the series is given by

X

X

1n

1

(1)n

=

(1)n

,

2n + 1

2n + 1

n=0

n=0

Putting this all together, the interval of convergence of the power series is

(2, 4].

24. Find the radius of convergence and interval of convergence of the series

X

n=1

n2 xn

.

2 4 6 (2n)

(n+1)2 xn+1

24(2n)(2n+2)

|x|(n + 1)2

(n + 1)2

n2 + 2n + 1

=

lim

lim

=

|x|

lim

=

|x|

lim

= 0,

n n2 (2n + 2)

n2 xn

n

n n2 (2n + 2)

n 2n3 + 2n2

24(2n)

which is less than 1 no matter what x is. Therefore, the radius of convergence is and the

interval of convergence is

(, ).

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