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keep feet, legs, and arms warm.


PREVENT ATTACKSby hardening the skin with daily Cold Bath. Remove
nasal obstruction, hypertrophies, or adenoid vegetation. Inhalations.
PREVENT CHILLING OF SHOULDERSduring sleep, by warm sleeping
jacket. Proper clothing.
DEVELOP RESISTANCEGraduated Tonic Frictions, out-of-door life,
careful regulation of clothing.

RELIEVE CONGESTIONIf spasm is severe, relieve the congestion by Hot

Blanket Pack or Hot Full Bath. Repeat every 3-6 hours. Hot Half Bath with Cold
Pail Pour to head, back, and chest. Follow bath with ice-cold Heating Compress
to neck, to be changed every 2-4 hours. Fomentation to cervical, upper, and
middle spine for 15 minutes each time the ice compress is changed.
TO RELIEVE SPASMCompress the phrenic nerve by pressure just above
the sternal intersection of the sterno-cleido-mastoid muscle; percuss (hit) chest
with end of cold wet towel or dash cold water over chest and back.

BRONCHITISIf present, relieve it with Chest Pack; repeat in 4-6 hours. Cold
Mitten Friction twice a day. Steam Inhalation and copious water drinking when
bronchial, or laryngeal, catarrh exists.
Also see "Croup2."


SYMPTOMSDifficult breathing, coughing, wheezing, tight chest. Attacks of

multiple symptoms can occur suddenly or gradually. Sometimes there is
coughing with thick, persistent sputum that may be clear or yellow. There is a
feeling of suffocation.
CAUSESAsthma is a lung disease that results in blockage of the airways.
During an asthma attack, the muscles around the bronchi (which are the small
passageways of the lungs) tighten and narrow, making it difficult for air to leave
the lungs.

The chronic inflammation and excessive sensitivity of the bronchi produce those
constricting spasms. The bronchial tubes swell and become plugged with
mucous. An attack, often occurring at night, usually begins as a nonproductive
cough and wheezing, which is often followed by difficult breathing and a tight

chest. After a few hours it subsides.

But what causes an attack to come on? Only certain people have asthma, and
those that do may have an attack triggered by an allergen or other irritant, such
as chemicals, drugs, dust mites, feathers, food additives, pollutants, fumes, mold,
animal dander, tobacco smoke, etc. But other things can also do it: anxiety, fear,
laughing, stress, low blood sugar, adrenal disorders, temperature changes,
extremes of dryness or humidity, or respiratory infections.

About 80% have an allergic disorder, but the others do not. The experts warn
that ever-increasing amounts of pollutants will cause the number of asthmatics to
increase. Many workers must continually live with such things as sulfites,
urethane, polyurethane, epoxy resins, dry cleaning chemicals, and many other
chemicals common to industry. In the last decade alone, the number of
asthmatics in America has increased by one third! Children under 16 and adults
over 65 suffer the most from it.
Asthmatics are frequently very sensitive to foods containing sulfite additives:
potassium metabisulfite, sulfur dioxide, potassium bisulfite, sodium bisulfite,
etc. Restaurants use them, to prevent discoloration in salads and other foods.
Sulfites are also added to many other foods by the food industry.

Nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons,

nitrogen oxide, and cigarette smoke are also known to precipitate asthma attacks
Fumes and strong odors, such as turpentine, paints, gasoline, perfumes, etc.,
disturb many asthmatics.
There are two types of asthma: intrinsic and extrinsic.
Extrinsic asthma usually begins in childhood, is seasonal, and is usually caused
by a definite number of substances which can more easily be identified. Asthma
is the leading cause of disease and disability in the 2-17 age group.

Intrinsic asthma is the more severe, and generally begins after 30 years of age.
Attacks can occur at any time, and the causes are much more difficult to identify
About half of asthmatics are diagnosed between 2 and 17, another third after 30.
The other one sixth does not fit either the intrinsic or extrinsic category. For
example, some may initiate the problem in their 20s and others may, after their
30s, develop reactions to only one or two seasonal allergens.
But asthma can be difficult to diagnose, for its symptoms are similar to those of
bronchitis, emphysema, and lung infections.
Over a period of time, the attacks can become more frequent, so it is best for the
person with asthma to learn every possible way to lessen the problem. Here are
several suggestions: