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ASSIGNMENT

HARAMAYA UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Subject: Turbo Machines

Class: Mechanical (IIIYEAR)

1. Draw and explain completely Layout of Hydroelectric power plant
2. In a single stage impulse turbine the isentropic enthalpy drop of 300 kJ/kg
occurs in the nozzle having efficiency of 98% and nozzle angle of 18°. The
blade velocity coefficient is 0.98 and ratio of blade speed to steam velocity is
0.45. The steam mass flow rate is 18 kg/s and velocity of steam entering is
60 m/s. Determine
(a) The blade angles at inlet and outlet if the steam enters blades smoothly and
leaves axially.
(b) The blade efficiency
(c) The power developed in kW
(d) The axial thrust.
Solve using combined velocity diagram.
3. A Centrifugal pump running at 600rpm,is working against a total head of
18.4m.The external diameter of the impeller is 580cm and out let width7cm.if
the vanes angle at outlet is 380 and manometric efficiency is 74%,determine
i)Flow velocity ii)Absolute velocity of water leaving the vane

iii)Angle made

by the absolute velocity at outlet of with the direction of motion at outlet
iv)Rate of flow through the pump.
4. A Double acting reciprocating pump, running at 60RPM delivers
0.00626m3/s of water. The diameter of piston is 30cm and stroke length
40mm.the suction and delivery heads are 4m and 12m respectively. Determine
i) Theoretical discharge

ii) Co-efficient of discharge

iii) % of slip

iv) power required to run the pump

5. Explain completely centrifugal pump with neat sketch.

determine the nozzle angle and blade angles.2 m Diameter running at 3000 rpm. Nozzle angle is 18°.4. Determine (a) the blade angles at inlet and outlet if the steam enters blades smoothly and leaves axially. velocity coefficient is 0. It has rotor of 1.7.9 and smooth steam entry without shock into blades.In a single stage impulse turbine the isentropic enthalpy drop of 200 kJ/kg occurs in the nozzle having efficiency of 96% and nozzle angle of 15°. Considering velocity coefficient of 0. A single stage of simple impulse turbine produces 120 kW at blade speed of 150 m/s when steam mass flow rate is 3 kg/s.In a Parson’s reaction turbine the rotor of 1m diameter runs at 3000 rpm.9. 3.80 .96 and ratio of blade speed to steam velocity is 0. Steam enters moving blade at 350 m/s and leaves the stage axially. Solve using velocity diagram. 4. blade speed ratio is 0. The blade velocity coefficient is 0. blade outlet angle = 20°. In a single stage simple impulse turbine the steam flows at rate of 5 kg/s. ρ= 0. (b) the blade efficiency (c) the power developed in kW (d) the axial thrust. Solve using velocity diagram. and outlet angle of blade is 3° less than inlet angle. Determine blade angles and power developed. 2.UNIT V (STEAM TURBINES) 1. .5. Determine the isentropic enthalpy drop in the stage considering stage efficiency of 0. The steam mass flow rate is 20 kg/s and velocity of steam entering is 50 m/s.

A Impeller of a centrifugal pump has an external diameter 65cm and internal diameter of 30cm and it runs at 1550rpm. . Assuming a constant flow velocity through impeller at 300cm/s and that the vanes at setback at angle of 200 Determine) Inlet Vane angle ii) The angle makes with absolute velocity of water at exit (iii) vane Out let whirl velocity (at exit of vane) (iv) The work done/Newton of centrifugal pump v) Draw velocity triangle of centrifugal pump vane.1.