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SC4850E-ZYT

V100R001

User manual

Issue

01

Date

2012-02-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2012. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
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Issue 01 (2012-02-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

i

SC4850E-ZYT
User manual

About This Document

About This Document
Purpose
This document describes the SC4850E-ZYT solar controller in terms of its main functions,
appearance, application scenarios, configurations, port description, installation,
commissioning, and maintenance.

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:

Technical support engineers

Maintenance engineers

Test engineers

Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
Symbol

Description
Alerts you to a high risk hazard that could, if not avoided,
result in serious injury or death.
Alerts you to a medium or low risk hazard that could, if not
avoided, result in moderate or minor injury.
Alerts you to a potentially hazardous situation that could, if not
avoided, result in equipment damage, data loss, performance
deterioration, or unanticipated results.
Provides a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time.
Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement
important points in the main text.

Issue 01 (2012-02-15)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

ii

. Ltd iii . The latest document issue contains all the changes made in earlier issues. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) This issue is used for first office application (FOA).SC4850E-ZYT User manual About This Document Change History Changes between document issues are cumulative.

................. 18 2....................................................................................... 26 3...............4 Technical Parameters .....................................................................................6 Querying History Alarm .......................................... 29 3.......................................................................................................................................... 18 2........................2..................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Commissioning ...........................................4 Final Steps ......................... 11 2..................................................... 9 2 Installation and commissioning ......................................................................................................................................2 Installing Controller ............................ 11 2.....................................................................................................5 Maintenance ......................1 Front Panel ......... 23 3....................1 Startup Check .............. 22 3............................................................ Ltd iv .............................. 13 2................................................1 Principles ............................................................................................................................................................................................................2.... 15 2............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 A Acronyms and Abbreviations ... ii 1 Introduction....................... 2 1........................2.......................................2 Features ...................................................................................................................................1 Installation Preparation ............................ 22 3...................................SC4850E-ZYT User manual Contents Contents About This Document ...2........1 Safety Regulations ............. 30 4 Appendix ...............................3...............................................................................................................................2 Power On And Commissioning ............................................................................................................................. 1 1.....................................................................................3............................................... 20 3 Use of monitoring board..... 11 2.. 17 2..4 Setting Parameters ...................3 Querying Active Alarm .................. 18 2.................................................................. 2 1.................................................................................................................... 25 3.....................3 Connecting Cables ........................................................4 Sealing Cable Entry Holes ...........................................................................................................................................2 Querying Status ...................................................................................3 Functions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Installation And Cable Connection....................................... 33 Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co................................................................. 11 2.............................................. 1 1..........................................................................................................................................................

Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the output power panel will disconnect the loads to protect the battery.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction 1 Introduction This chapter introduces the principles.  When the battery voltage is too low. 1. The schematic diagram of the solar energy system is shown in Figure 1-1.1 Principles The controller is used in the solar energy system for the outdoor wireless communication stations. The photovoltaic arrays supplies power to the controller. Figure 1-1 Schematic diagram of the solar energy system  By controlling the input power panel. The controller controls the photovoltaic arrays to start working or to stop working. the batteries sustain the load. functions and technical parameters of the SC4850E-ZYT solar controller (controller for short). the controller stabilizes the battery voltage within a specified range. During nights and cloudy days. features. and determines the battery charge state according to the capacity and voltage of the battery.. to generate voltage and current to charge the batteries and supply the load. Ltd 1 .

the controller controls the switching of the arrays and takes full advantage of the solar energy system through high frequency switch according to operation status of the solar energy system. Array management function The controller uses PWM mode (default) and ON/OFF mode to charge batteries. Ltd 2 . alarm output function.2 Features  The large LCD enables you to understand the operation conditions of the controller and the battery status. communication function.  The monitoring board provides the RS232/RS485 port.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction  The controller has a monitoring board. measurement function. history data record function and battery management function. control each input power panel and output power panel. protection function. including battery undervoltage disconnection (BLVD). The detailed descriptions are given below. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3 Functions The controller has the following functions: array management function. battery temperature sensor port and so on.  The controller provides excellent battery management functions. In ON/OFF mode.  The controller uses PWM mode and ON/OFF mode to control photovoltaic array input. the controller performs switching control of the arrays through switching on and off of the power module. The advanced EMC design satisfies IEC61000-4 requirements.  The parallel connection two controllers can work together for power supply. 1. alarm dry contact output port. alarm function. and auto voltage regulation. alarm dry contact input port. taking full advantage of solar energy input. temperature compensation. control function. alarm input function.  The safety design of the controller is compliant with IEC60950-1 standard. which is used to monitor the operation of the controller. 1.  The controller has ultra low radiation. display function.  The controller has complete protection functions and fault alarm functions. In PWM mode.. and carry out battery management.

the The MCB needs to be closed manually Over temperature protection When the battery temperature is over 50°C (adjustable. lowering the utility rate in sunny days.4 Setting Parameters for the setting range). Surge protection The controller has an internal SPD that can achieve surge protection. Compliant with Class C surge protection standard. the controller will carry out current control. the controller will disconnect the photovoltaic panel input and perform overtemperature protection. the controller will generate an SPD fault alarm.2 V DC Operating current photovoltaic panel of 0A–50A ±0. the controller will resume automatically. When the SPD is found faulty.4 Setting Parameters). If the SPD is faulty. Output short-circuit protection When one load output is short-circuited. see 3. When the fault is clear. Battery overcurrent protection In case of battery overcurrent. the corresponding MCB will trip.5A Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Measurement function Table 1-2 Measurement function Signal Measurement range Accuracy Environmental requirement Ambient temperature: 25°C Open circuit voltage photovoltaic panel of 36 V DC–100 V DC ±0. the corresponding MCB will trip. In overtemperature protection state. Therefore the overtemperature function is disabled by default.. corresponding MCB will trip. see 3. The fault must be cleared before the MCB of a short-circuited load output can close. The tripping MCB should be switched on manually.4 Setting Parameters). see 3. users need to replace it manually. the controller will resume automatically. When the battery temperature is over 60°C (adjustable. Ltd 3 .SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction Protection function Table 1-1 Protection function Function Description Remark Input overcurrent protection When one photovoltaic panel route has overcurrent (adjustable. the battery will disconnect the photovoltaic panel. When the battery temperature is normal. If the current is too large. the controller will generate an overtemperature alarm.

SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction Signal Measurement range Accuracy Busbar/ battery voltage 36 V DC–60 V DC ±0. Ltd 4 . and the Active Alarm on the LCD shows Array OverVolt The open circuit voltage of the array is higher than the Array OverVolt threshold The open circuit voltage of the array is lower than the Array OverVolt threshold Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and are indicated by indicators.. The alarms can be set through the monitoring board. and the Active Alarm on the LCD shows Batt Over Volt The busbar voltage is higher than the battery overvoltage alarm threshold The busbar voltage is lower than the battery overvoltage alarm threshold LowVolt Alarm Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. Table 1-3 Alarm function Alarm Name Alarm level Alarm Symptom Alarm Triggering Condition Alarm Clearance Condition HighVolt Alarm Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. The setting method is described in3. and the Active Alarm on the LCD shows LowVolt Alarm The busbar voltage is lower than the battery undervoltage alarm threshold The busbar voltage is higher than the battery undervoltage alarm threshold LVD Critical The red indicator on the LCD turns on.5A Load current 0A–20A ±0.5A Battery temperature -20°– 80°C ±3°C Environmental requirement Alarm function The alarms are displayed on the LCD of the monitoring board. and the Active Alarm on the LCD shows that the LVD Alm The busbar voltage is continuously lower than the load undervoltage disconnection threshold The busbar voltage is higher than the LVD threshold Array OverVolt Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on.2 V DC Total charge/ discharge current of the batteries -20A–+50A ±0.4 Setting Parameters.

and Active Alarm on the LCD displays that the M1 Break Alm. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays that the M1 Short Alm The M1 board is short circuited The faulty is clear * M1 Break Alm Critical The red indicator on the LCD turns on. Ltd 5 . and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays SPD Fault The SPD is faulty The SPD functions properly Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The M1 board is circuit open..SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction Alarm Name Alarm level Alarm Symptom Alarm Triggering Condition Alarm Clearance Condition Array OverCurr Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. The open-circuit voltage is higher than 0V * M1 Short Alm Critical The red indicator on the LCD turns on. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Array reverse The input polarities of the array are reversely connected. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Array OverCurr The working current of the array is higher than the Array OverCurr threshold The working current of the array is lower than the Array OverCurr threshold Array lost Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. The faulty is clear Batt Over-temp Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Batt Over-temp The battery temperature is higher than the battery overtemperature alarm threshold The battery temperature is lower than battery over-temperature alarm threshold (5°C) Load Over Curr Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Load Over Curr The load current is higher than the Over LoadCurr threshold The load current is lower than the Over LoadCurr threshold SPD fault Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Array Lost After deterring array lost Array is connected normally Array reverse Critical The red indicator on the LCD turns on.

The status goes back formaly Batt Over Curr Minor The red indicator on the LCD turns on. The Auxiliary charge battery abnormally The Batt voltage up to 53V or Auxiliary is turned out Temp Sensor Fail minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. Ltd 6 . and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays “Input Alarm” The Input dry contact status is alternative alarm threshold. The battery charge current is lower than the product of battery rated capacity multiplying current limit coefficient. The control board functions properly Battery circuit open Critical The red indicator on the LCD turns on. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction Alarm Name Alarm level Alarm Symptom Alarm Triggering Condition Alarm Clearance Condition Controller fault Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays that the Batt Over Curr. The battery charge current is higher than the product of battery rated capacity multiplying current limit coefficient. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Battery circuit open The battery circuit is open The battery circuit is closed Load MCB trip Critical The red indicator on the LCD turns on. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Aux Charge Fail. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays “Temp Sensor Fail” Battery temperature sensor disconnected or fault alarm threshold Battery temperature sensor connection properly. The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Controller Fault The control board is faulty or when the two parallel controllers communicate is faulty.. Input Alarm Minor The yellow indicator on the LCD turns on. Notes: M1 board is the power-control board in controller. and the Active Alarm on the LCD displays Load MCB Trip The load MCB trips The load MCB is closed Aux Charge Fail Notes: M1 board is the power-con trol board in controller.

The controller parameter.  In manual control status.. the controller will perform control functions according to preset parameters and logic automatically. Parallel connection The controller can work in parallel-connection model.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction Alarm input function Table 1-4 Alarm input function Dry contact type Dry contact state Normally-open. maintenance parameter and adjustment parameter can be set through the host. open upon alarm input Alarm output function Table 1-5 Alarm output function Output dry contact SN Output dry contact alarm Dry contact state Output contact 1 dry Controller fault (settable. Ltd 7 . active alarms. closed upon alarm input  Normally-closed: closed upon normal input.4 Setting Parameters) Normally-open. Each controller communicates with the host through RS485 and can port. users can control connections of the photovoltaic panels and loads through keyboard on the controller panel or host. Output contact 2 dry Battery undervoltage (settable. They can identify host/master controller automatically and communicate with computer or monitor. It can read the measurement values. see Table 3-4 in 3. The protocol format complies with the master/slave protocol. history alarms and history data. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Normally-closed  Normally-open: open upon normal input. see Table 3-4 in 3. Communication function The controller can communicate with the host through RS485/RS422 port.4 Setting Parameters3.4 Setting Parameters) Control function The controller has two control modes: auto control and manual control. The parallel connected controllers can synchronize automatically.  In auto control status.

the controller performs battery management to ensure the efficient charge and discharge of the battery. or when BC time has reached the maximum time limit. so as to prolong the battery lifetime and make efficient use of the solar energy.  If controller uses PWM mode. the controller will control the battery to enter FC mode when the BC voltage is -1. Historical data record function The controller can record data up to 31 days.6V of the preset FC point. the controller carries out automatic control according to the preset parameters and logic in order to make full use the energy input from the array.  In battery BC mode. the busbar voltage is controlled within -1. measurement values and alarms.2V of the preset BC point. load status and busbar voltage. which displays real-time controller and battery status. you can control the On/Off of the photovoltaic panels and connection/disconnection of loads through the operation panel or through the host. the controller will control the battery to enter BC mode when the FC voltage decreases to a point lower than the preset “FC to BC voltage” and BC interval has been more than 1 hour. battery capacity. the busbar voltage is controlled within ±0.  If controller uses ON/OFF mode. including the following alarm information: − Alarm content − Alarm start time and end time − Load current and battery voltage in the alarm time (available through the host) Battery management function  According to input current and voltage.  In battery FC mode.2V higher than the preset BC voltage and BC has kept for more than 2 hours. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  In battery BC state.. including the data about: − The highest battery temperature every day − The lowest battery temperature every day − The highest battery voltage every day − The lowest battery voltage every day The controller can record 100 historical alarms. controller will manage array input based on the default ON/OFF logic.  In the manual state. the conditions for FC/BC transition are as follows:  In battery FC state. Ltd 8 .  In the auto-state.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction Display function The controller uses a 128 ×64 LCD.

Overcurrent alarm point: 55A (adjustable. Ltd 9 . the controller will stop working Capacity 50 Ah . Rated current decreases 5A for every 1000m higher) Others No conductive dust or erosive gases. If the route is open.000m.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction 1. 10A × 2 (MCB).4 Setting Parameters) Input voltage Rated input voltage: 48 V DC.5000 Ah Conducted emission Class B IEC61000-4 Radiated emission Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Immunity to EFT Level 3 IEC 61000-4-4 Immunity to ESD Level 3 IEC61000-4-2 Immunity to surges Level 3 IEC61000-4-5 Immunity to radiation Level 2 IEC61000-4-3 Immunity conduction Level 2 IEC61000-4-6 to Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. See 3. No possibility of explosion Input route 9 routes Input current Rated current: 50A. 6A ×1(MCB) Output current Rated load current: 20 A Output voltage Rated voltage: 48 V DC DC input DC output Maximum allowable output voltage: 60 V DC Battery configuration EMC Efficiency ≥ 99% Input interface One route.4 Technical Parameters Table 1-6 Controller technical parameters Type Item Description Environment Operating temperature -20°C –+55°C Storage temperature -40°C –+70°C Relative humidity 0 –95%RH Altitude ≤5500m (derating is necessary above 3.. maximum open circuit voltage: 96 V DC Output route 25A × 1 (MCB).

there should be no breakdown or flashover within 1 min.35°C and relative humidity not higher than 90%RH. apply a test voltage of 500 V DC. at 25°C Protection level IP55 ROHS Compliant with R5 requirement of ROHS Dimension (mm) 260 (W) × 195 (H) × 390 (D) Weight (kg) ≤ 10 (without packaging) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 1 Introduction Type Item Description SPD Lightning protection features The photovoltaic arrays input port and load port are configured with SPD.) Input/ output circuit to earth: 1414 V DC Input/ output circuit to communication output circuit: 2828 V DC Input/ output circuit to dry contact: 1414 V DC Communication output circuit to dry contact: 1414 V DC For all the three tests above. whose rated capacity is 20 kA and maximum capacity is 40 kA Safety Standard Compliant with IEC60950 standard Insulation resistance At temperature of 15°C .. Ltd 10 . with leakage current not bigger than 10 mA Other Mechanical Issue 01 (2012-02-15) MTBF 100000hr (Bellcore TR-332 reliability forecast). The insulation resistance between DC circuit and earth is not less than 2 MΩ Insulation strength (Remove the SPD from the system before the test.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  After the installation and the commissioning..1 Installation Preparation Unpacking inspection  Issue 01 (2012-02-15) The equipment should be unpacked and inspected after it arrives at the installation site. cable connection. Before installation. the controller shall be kept locked and the key should be kept in possession by corresponding personnel.. read through 2. 2.  All the tools must be insulated and antistatic. Ltd.  Make sure that the power to the controller is cut off before any operations can be carried out within the controller. The safety precautions and local safety rules shall be adhered to during the installation.2.1 Safety Regulation and Safety Precaution. Adhere to the following instructions:  Only qualified personnel with sufficient knowledge of the controller can carry out the installation.1 Safety Regulations Certain components in this controller have hazardous voltage and current.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning 2 Installation and commissioning This chapter introduces installation.  The wiring of the power distribution cables should be arranged carefully so that the cables do not come in contact with the maintenance personnel. Ltd 11 .  All external circuits that are below 48 V DC and connected to the controller must comply with the requirements of SELV as defined in IEC 60950.2 Installation And Cable Connection 2. 2. The inspection shall be carried out by representatives of both the user and HUAWEI Co. and then follow the instructions to carry out the installation and connect cables step by step. commissioning and later-phase works.

the allowable voltage drop and load peak current. cable length (volt drop: 0. If the temperature is higher or lower than this.5V) 100 A 60 A 16 mm2 H shape terminal 8m Note: 1. cable length (volt drop: 0. The battery cable should reach at least +70°C heat durability Select the load cable CSA according to Table 2-3.5V. battery current Min. output current Min. CSA) Max. The CSA of DC cable depends on the current flowing through the cable. Preparing cables The cable should be selected in accordance with relevant industry standards. with max. cable length (allowable voltage drop: 0. CSA) 25 A 20 A 6 mm2 19 m 52 m 10 A 8A 4 mm2 19 m 52 m Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. cable CSA Max. the CSA of the cable should be increased. you should open the packing case.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning  To inspect the equipment. Table 2-2 Battery cable CSA selection Battery fuse rated current Max. The specs are applicable at ambient temperature of 25°C. with min. 2. cable CSA Terminal specs Max.8m Note: the actual cable CSA and color may differ in actual configuration Select the battery cable CSA according to Table 2-2. Table 2-3 DC load selection Load route rated current Max. take out the packing list and check whether the equipment is correct and complete accordingly to the packing list. Table 2-1 Cable list Connection point Recommended CSA Recommended cable color Recommended max..5V. Make sure that the equipment is delivered intact. The cable list is given in Table 2-1. distance Battery to controller 16 mm2 Blue for negative and black for positive 13 m Controller grounding cable 10 mm2 Yellow-green 1. Ltd 12 .

2. output current Min. it is recommended to use M4×8 bolts to install the four hangers.. it is recommended to use M10 socket spanner and M10 ×16 bolts.2.2 Installing Controller The controller installation modes include wall mounting and mast mounting.2 times the rated load capacity. The installation steps are shown in Figure 2-1. cable length (volt drop: 0.5V. Figure 2-1 Installation dimesions(unit:mm) 2. CSA) Max. Mount expansion bolts into the wall through the eight installation holes shown in Figure 2-1. 1. with min. CSA) 10 A 8A 4 mm2 19 m 52 m 6A 5A 4 mm2 19 m 52 m  To make sure that the MCB works properly upon overloads. The installation diagrams of wall mounting and mast mounting are shown in Figure 2-2 and Figure 2-3. In either wall mounting or mast mounting.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning Load route rated current Max. cable length (volt drop: 0. make sure that there is an 800 mm maintenance space in the front of the cabinet.5 .  The CSA of the grounding cable should be not less than 6 mm2. the MCB capacity should be kept within 1.  There are six PG21 cable entry holes at the bottom of the controller.  The battery MCB and load MCBs use H shape terminal to connect. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5V. Before determining the specific installation position of the cabinet. cable CSA Max. with max. Or users use cables with insulation layers broken up to connect to the load MCBs. Ltd 13 .

SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning Figure 2-2 Wall mounting Figure 2-3 Mast mounting Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd 14 ..

During the operation. pay attention to polarities and prevent shortcircuit to ensure personal safety. connect the positive battery cables to the positive busbar. The connection terminals are shown in Figure 2-4. WARNING Reverse connection or short-circuit of the battery might cause the battery to burn or other major failures. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. After the check. Before connecting battery cables. Check once again that the polarities of the cables connected to the positive busbar and battery are correct. Connect the negative battery cables to the battery MCB.. and connect the cables.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning 2. 2. users should check the polarities of the cables against those of the batteries and switch the battery MCB to ensure safety. and even endanger personal safety. Prepare cables according to Table 2-4. Only experienced processionals are allowed to connect the batteries. Figure 2-4 Cable connection of the controller The following precautions should be taken in the cable connection operation.3 Connecting Cables The controller uses bottom cabling method. Ltd 15 .2. 3. 1.

. Ltd 16 .SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning Table 2-4 Cable connection description Cable Array cables Color input Battery cables Output cables Communication cables 1 Communication cables 2 (Parallel Connection) Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Amount Connection From To Positive (+) Black 9 Positive electrode of the array Positive electrode of the controller (9 routes) Negative (-) Blue 9 Negative electrode of the array Negative electrode of the controller (9 routes) Positive (+) Black 1 Positive electrode of the battery string Positive electrode of the controller (1 route) Negative (-) Blue 1 Negative electrode of the battery string Negative electrode of the battery of the controller (1 route) Positive (+) Black 4 Positive electrode of the controller (4 routes) Positive electrode of the load Negative (-) Blue Negative electrode of the controller (4 routes) Negative electrode of the load T+ / 1 Controller J16_T+ Other monitor devices T- / 1 Controller J16_T- Other monitor devices R+ / 1 Controller J16_R+ Other monitor devices R- / 1 Controller J16_R- Other monitor devices T+ / 1 Main controller J17_T+ The other controller J16_T+ T- / 1 Main controller J17_T- The other controller J16_T- 4 Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 3.4 Sealing Cable Entry Holes For outdoor controllers. or crimp-connect after peeling off the insulating coating. users should seal the cable entry holes after the installation. and then crimp the cable tap.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning Cable Communication cables 3 (Parallel Connection) Auxiliary power supply cable Color Amount Connection R+ / 1 Main controller J17_R+ The other controller J16_R+ R- / 1 Main controller J17_R- The other controller J16_R- CAN+ / 1 Main controller J12_CAN+ The other controller J12_CAN+ CAN- / 1 Main controller J12_CAN- The other controller J12_CAN- J6 Blue-Black Connected already controller J6 on board in main PGND bar Metal 1 Positive busbar of the controller Grounding terminal of the controller housing Grounding cable Yellow-green 1 Grounding screw of the controller housing Ground support or Note: 1. 2. You should put the cables through the cable entry holes at the bottom. The load cable is provided by the equipment that uses power. For Negative electrodes. Colors of the cables can be adjusted on site according to actual situation. The procedures are as follows:  For used holes. 4.  For holes with a small cable or with several cables. The positive electrode of the busbar of the controller is connected to the grounding point of the controller housing at factory. you can either use H-shape terminals. users need to check it .. tighten them with PG caps. Ltd 17 .  For unused holes. 5. block them with caps and seal them with waterproof mud (accessory). 2.2. Make sure that all MCBs and fuses are disconnected before the cable connection. The positive busbar uses OT lugs for connection. block them with cables and seal them with waterproof mud.

Battery polarity check and connection Check that the polarities of the two batteries are correct and switch on the battery MCB. Ltd 18 . Meanwhile the auxiliary power supply of the monitoring board in the controller starts to work.3 Commissioning 2. please refer to the "OMU-B User Manual". Table 2-5 Checking items before startup Type Checking item Content Array Input Input cables The polarities are correct. All the input and output MCBs are switched off Output cables Between positive Negative terminals Battery and and No shortcircuit Battery cables The polarities are correct. 2.1 Startup Check Check the items given in Table 2-5 and record the check result. The monitoring unit starts self-checking. the first information screen will appear. as shown in Figure 2-5.2 Power On And Commissioning The power on and commissioning procedures of the controller are as follows.3.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning Remark: It supports the installation of OMU-B. The connections are proper. The connections are proper.. 1. After the self-checking.3. The connections are proper Between positive and negative battery terminals No shortcircuit 2. All the input and output MCBs are switched off Between positive Negative terminals Output No shortcircuit The polarities are correct. For details. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ensure that the components are installed firmly and the cables are connected properly.

and the polarities of the load are correct. Enter the corresponding operation interface and enter the password to set the parameter. Users may remove the alarms according to Table 1-3. users need to set the battery overtemperature alarm point and battery overtemperature protection point. users do not need to set these parameters. Battery busbar voltage measurement Use a multimeter to measure the battery busbar voltage. When the checks are normal. After the startup. Load polarity and connection check Check that the connection of the load cables. If the battery busbar voltage is close to 47V. Users select control method according to their need. When the red and yellow indicators on the monitoring module are off. the red indicator and the yellow indicator of the monitoring module might be on. 2) Set system control method The controller provides two photovoltaic array control methods: PWM method and ON/OFF method. Parameter setting Set the significant parameters according to the parameter card which is delivered with the controller. 4.4 Setting Parameters. Check that the battery busbar voltage is within the normal range after the load starts up and works normally. 4) Default protocol: Master-Slave protocol. please switch on the input MCB of the photovoltaic array. busbar undervoltage alarm point and busbar undervoltage protection point in accordance with the battery features. Notes: Controller local address should be setup the same as each other in parallel connection.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning Figure 2-5 First information screen Check the alarm status of the monitoring module. PWM method is recommended. it means that everything is normal. If the controller is configured with battery temperature sensor. switch on one load MCB. 3.. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the MCB capacity of the load is proper. If the busbar voltage is within the normal voltage (48V . 3) Local address: 4 (default). 2. If not. 1) Battery parameter setting Set the battery capacity according to the total capacity of the batteries actually configured. see 3. and set busbar overvoltage alarm point. Ltd 19 . Repeat the operation until all the loads are powered on and work normally.55V). do not switch on the next load MCB until the batteries are properly charged. After making sure that everything is okay. go on to the next step.

 Sort the accessories and store them properly.2short-circuited:normally-closed. the system status should be „No alarm‟. 8) Set jumpers of the board card according to actual situation. Alarm check After the parameter settings.4 Final Steps After the installation and commissioning.3short-circuited: normally-open. Table 2-6 Jumper setting list SN Scree nprin t Parameter Settings Default 1 SIP1 Output dry contact 1 Pins1. 6. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. General parameter setting For the photovoltaic array open-circuit-voltage too high alarm point and photovoltaic input overcurrent alarm point. 5. Normally-open Output dry contact 2 Pins1. All the alarms will be cleared out in parallel connection. Notes: Keep default parameters.3 Querying Active Alarm and clear the alarm.6 Querying History Alarm. 7) For significant parameters.  Clear the installation field. and the allowable setting range listed in Table 1-2 When parallel connection system. 7. all of the two controllers parameters will be the same after Can cable connecting except Output/Input dry contact and address.. If the system status is „Alarm‟. Ltd 20 . fill in the parameter card with the actual parameters. 6) The controller will assume defaults for the parameters not configured during the commissioning. 2 SIP9 pins2. the correspondence parameters of other controller keep synchronization automatically. 8.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning 5) Time: in accordance with actual time and date. as listed in Table 2-6.3 short-circuited: normally-open. Normally-open pins2. 2. The return to the system information screen Press ESC to return to the system information screen. check the alarm by referring to 3.2short-circuited:normally-closed. it is recommended to use default settings if not specified. History alarm clearing Clear history alarm generated during the commissioning by referring to 3. set these parameter according to the maximum open circuit voltage and the shortcircuit current of the photovoltaic arrays. If parameter of one controller is setup.

Ltd 21 . Keep the key..SC4850E-ZYT User manual 2 Installation and commissioning  Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Lock the controller cabinet. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

3. Ltd 22 . Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Table 3-1 Monitoring module indicator description Indicator Color Normal state Fault state Fault cause Run indicator Green Blinking at 0. and querying and setting method of the menus.5 Hz - The SC4850E communicates with Huawei communications equipment or OMU-B(Box Type Operation Manage Unit) properly.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board 3 Use of monitoring board This chapter describes the front panel of the monitoring board.1 Front Panel The front panel of the monitoring board is shown in Figure 3-1. - Blinkin g at 4 Hz Communication with Huawei communications equipment or OMU-B is interrupted. Figure 3-1 Front panel of monitoring board Description of the indicators on the front panel is in Table 3-1.

After a change. Alarm indicator Yellow Off On There are minor alarms Critical alarm indicator Red Off On There are critical alarms The monitoring board uses a 128 × 64 LCD and a keypad with 6 keys. press ESC and you can see the software version 3. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd 23 .SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board Indicator Color Normal state Fault state Fault cause - Off The SC4850E has no power input. Table 3-2 Description of keys Keys Functions ESC Return key: Press this key to go back to previous menu ENT Confirmation key: Press this key to go to next menu or validate the change made to a parameter setting.2 Querying Status The first information screen is shown in Figure 3-2. pressing ▲ or ▼ can edit values ◄ or ► to move the cursor to the parameter to be changed and press ▲ Press ◄ or ► to move the cursor or ▼ to change the value of a parameter ▼ ◄ ► On the first information screen. The interface languages are Chinese and English. These four arrow keys can be used to When the editable options are character change the value of a parameter: Press strings. Figure 3-2 First information screen  Issue 01 (2012-02-15) The first row of the first information screen displays the date and time alternately.. only pressing ENT can validate the change ▲ Press ▲ or ▼ to scroll through the menus. Description of the keys is in Table 3-2.

2 V DC is output voltage and 4. Load Current The present load current NA 3. The battery charge status includes FC.6A is total load current. users can query the information listed in Table 3-3. „Off‟ or „PWM‟ NA 5 PV OpenVolt The actual array voltage NA 6 PV Current The present array current NA 7 Battery Current The present battery current NA 8 Battery Temp The actual battery temperature NA 9 Batt Remain Cap The current remaining battery capacity NA 10 Batt Times Chrg The total battery charge times NA 11 Batt Times Disc The total battery discharge times NA 12 Daily Cap Chrg The total charge capacity of the day NA 13 Daily Cap Disc The total discharge capacity of the day NA 14 PV Input Cap The accumulated array input capacity NA 15 Load Output Cap Accumulated load output capacity NA 16 Max Temp Batt The maximum battery temperature of the day NA 17 Min Temp Batt The minimum battery temperature of the day NA Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. The management mode includes manual mode and auto mode. BC and discharge status. Ltd 24 .SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board  The second row displays the output voltage of the controller and the load current. Table 3-3 Query information SN. Operation Status „Auto‟ or ‟Manual‟ NA 4 PV State „On‟. Status Content 1 Batt Volt The present battery voltage NA 2. which is „No alarm‟ or „Alarm‟. The content varies with the actual values..  The third row displays the controller status.  The fourth row displays management mode and battery charge status. Press ▼ continuously at the first information screen. 55.

255 After "GPRS" option is selected for networking mode. press ▲ continuously to return to the first information screen. system will display 43 SIM State On Line/Off Line After "GPRS" option is selected for networking mode. or press ENT to enter the main menu screen.255. as shown in Figure 3-3.0–255. Status Content 18 Max Batt Volt The maximum work voltage of the day NA 19 Min Batt Volt The minimum work voltage of the day NA 20 AUX state Chrg The current auxiliary charge state. Available when auxiliary charge is enabled. Press ENT at the information screen to enter the main menu.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board SN. system will display 44 GSM Signal NA/7 NA: Haven't registered. Available when auxiliary charge is enabled NA 23 Sys Run Time Total system run time NA 40 Comm. 0-7: Means signal quality level Chrg Succeed/NotDial/Dial After querying all the information. as shown in Figure 3-3. that is.0. Ltd 25 . Available when auxiliary charge is enabled NA 22 Total Time The total auxiliary charge time.0. wind power system or other auxiliary equipment is used to charge batteries NA 21 Current Chrg Time The current auxiliary charge time. diesel generator. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.State Connected/Disconnected NA 41 GPRS IP 0.3 Querying Active Alarm 1.. system will display 42 GPRS State Dialing/Dial Fail After "GPRS" option is selected for networking mode. 3.255.

as shown in Figure 3-6. Press ▼at the main menu screen to select the „Settings‟ submenu. Press ENT to enter the password screen. Figure 3-5 Main menu screen: Settings highlighted 2. Figure 3-3 illustrates that „Active alarm‟ is selected. 3. users can query all the active alarms. as shown in Figure 3-5. Figure 3-4 Active alarm screen 3. Ltd 26 .SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board Figure 3-3 Main menu screen: Active alarm highlighted 2. Enter the password: 640275.4 Setting Parameters 1. as shown in Figure 3-4. Press ENT to enter the active alarm screen and view the active alarms.. Press ESC to return to the main menu. Press ▼ at the active alarm screen. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 3-6 Password screen 3.

Battery over temperature. Table 3-4 Setting parameters SN Parameter name Setting range Default 1 Batt capacity 50Ah .0 V DC (FC to BC Volt +1.3 V DC (Boost Chrg Volt .60. Battery over temperature.0 V DC 58. battery undervoltage.70°C 60°C 8 Boost Volt min: 56. LLVD. LLVD.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board To enter the password. Ltd 27 .0 V DC) . After entering the password.0 V DC 47.5 V DC 3 LowVolt Alarm LLVD+ 0.5 V DC (HighVolt Alarm .5 V DC (min: 46. press ENT to confirm the password and enter the Settings screen. as shown in Figure 3-7.48 V DC 46 V DC 5 B-HighTemp Alm 35°C .1.50.4 V DC Prot Chrg 54.2 V DC) – max: 57. Figure 3-7 Settings first screen Press ▼ at the settings first screen.5 V DC) – max: 56..5000Ah 300Ah 2 HighVolt Alarm BC voltage + 1.0 V DC 4 LLVD 43 V DC .2 V DC) 53. controller fault Controller fault 12 DryCont output 2 Array lost.2.B-OverTemp Prot -10°C (max: 60°C) 50°C 6 B-Temp EN Yes. use ▲ or ▼ to modify numbers. battery undervoltage. No No 7 B-OverTemp Prot B-HighTemp Alm + 10°C (min: 45°C) .5 V DC (min: 58.0 V DC) . battery loop open.2 V DC(Float Chrg Volt + 2.5 V DC) 9 Float Chrg Volt min: 52. battery loop open. user can set the parameters listed in Table 3-4.5 V DC 10 Dry contact NO. controller fault Battery undervoltage Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. NC NO 11 DryCont output 1 Array lost. and use ◄ or ► to move the cursor.

18H 10H 16 Temp Set Comp Yes.255.0. English English 24 Charge Mode PWM.255.255.0.0 54 Gateway 0.254 4 19 Comm Protocol Tel Master-Slave.0.S) 18 Address 1 .0. No No 21 Reset parameter Yes. Ltd 28 .0.0.”“-” “@” NA 49 User Password “A–Z”“a–z”“0–9”“#”“*”“space”“、”“. No Yes 17 Temp Coeff Comp 0 .0.IP No 43 Server IP Addr 0.0.”“-” “@” NA 48 User Name “A–Z”“a–z”“0–9”“#”“*”“space”“、”“. No No 23 Language Chinese.0.0–255. No No 22 Date & Time Yes..0 53 OMU Make IP 0. Tel Protocol Master-Slave 20 Clear History Yes.0 Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.0 45 Site ID “A–Z”“a–z”“0–9”“#”“*”“space”“、”“.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board SN Parameter name Setting range Default 13 AUX Mode Charge Voltage mode.255.255.255 0.0.255.255. ON/OFF PWM 42 Comm Method GPRS.0–255.23:30 20:00 15 AUX run time 2H .0.0.0.”“-” “@” NA 47 APN Number “A–Z”“a–z”“0–9”“#”“*”“space”“、”“.”“-” “@” NA 46 APN Name “A–Z”“a–z”“0–9”“#”“*”“space”“、”“.0.0–255.0–255.”“-” “@” NA 50 SMC Number “0–9”“+” NA 51 NMC Number “0–9”“+” NA 52 OMU IP 0.0–255.0.100(-mV/°C.255 0.255 0.255 0.255.0.255.255.0 44 BackupServer IP 0.255 0.0.0. Time mode Voltage mode 14 AUX time trigger 00:00 .S) 72(-mV/°C.0.0.

In the manual mode. Ltd 29 . Table 3-5 Control parameters in manual mode SN Control parameter Setting range 1 PV Array On. Figure 3-8 Main menu screen: Maintenance highlighted 2. and use ◄ or ► to move the cursor.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board 3. Figure 3-9 Password screen 3. users can perform the following array controls. press ENT to confirm the password and enter the maintenance screen. off 2 Load Disconnect. as shown in Figure 3-10.. Reconnect Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. as shown in Figure 3-9. as shown in Figure 3-8. Press ► to change „Auto‟ into „Manual‟. as described in Table 3-5. Press ENT to enter the password screen. Enter the password: 640275. Press ▼ at the main menu screen to select the „Maintenance‟ submenu. use ▲ or ▼ to modify numbers. and press ENT to confirm the setting. Figure 3-10 Maintenance screen 4. To input the password.5 Maintenance 1. After the input.

as shown in Figure 3-13. as shown in Figure 3-12. Press ▼at the main menu screen to select the „History alarm‟ submenu. Press ▼ at the history alarm screen.6 Querying History Alarm 1. Ltd 30 . users can query all the history alarms. Press ENT to view the history alarms. Figure 3-11 Array screen 3.SC4850E-ZYT User manual 3 Use of monitoring board SN Control parameter Setting range 3 AUX charge On. off In manual mode. Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 3-12 Main menu screen: History alarm highlighted 2.. the monitoring board will display as shown in Figure 3-11. Figure 3-13 History alarm screen 3. Press ESC to return to the main menu.

3. All solders in the products contain plumbum. limited by the current technical level. has been committed to the design and manufacturing of environment-friendly products. Ltd. 2. Copper alloy contains plumbum..SC4850E-ZYT User manual 4 Appendix 4 Appendix Table 4-1 Hazardous substance Parts Hazardous Substances Plumbum Hydrargy rum Cadmium Chrome6+ PBB PBDE Pb Hg Cd Cr6+ PBB PBDE Cabinet/busb ar × O O O O O Power distribution components × O × O O O PCBA O O O O O O Hardware × O O O O O Cable × O O O O O O: Means the content of the hazardous substances in all the average quality materials of the part is within the limits specified in SJ/T-11363-2006. Ltd 31 . the following parts still contain hazardous substances due to the lack of reliable substitute or mature solution: 1.. It will reduce and eventually eliminate the hazardous substances in the products through continued efforts in research. However. Switch contacts contain cadmium and cadmium compound Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. ×: Means the content of the hazardous substances in at least one of the average quality materials of the part is outside the limits specified in SJ/T11363-2006 (The following gives technical reasons for the items marked „×‟) Huawei Technologies Co.

personal safety or property in the environment protection period starting from the manufacturing date Applicable product: SC4850E-ZYT solar controller Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd 32 .SC4850E-ZYT User manual 4 Appendix Parts Hazardous Substances About Environment Protection Period: The Environment Protection Period of the product is marked on the product. Under normal working conditions and normal use of the products observing relevant safety precautions.. the hazardous substances in the product (excluding batteries or storage batteries) will not seriously affect the environment.

.SC4850E-ZYT User manual A Acronyms and Abbreviations A Acronyms and Abbreviations B BC boost charge BLVD battery low voltage disconnection F FC float charge L LLVD load low voltage disconnection O OMU-B box type operation manage unit P PWM Pulse Width Modulation S SC solar control SELV safety extra-low voltage Issue 01 (2012-02-15) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd 33 .