You are on page 1of 3

21 CPD

(BEM Approved Hours)
Ref: IEM15/SWAK/237/C

The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (Sarawak Branch)

Ultimate Professional Centre, No 16, 2nd Floor, Jalan Bukit Mata Kuching, 93100 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 082-428 506 Fax: 082-243 718 E-mail:

Power System Protection Course
Co-organized with Sarawak Energy Berhad

: 5 – 7 October 2015 (Monday – Wednesday)
: 8.00 am – 5.00 pm
: M Hotels, Hock Lee Centre, Kuching

This course attempts to answer the many questions in an electrical engineer’s mind by describing the
various concepts of power system protection. The scope includes all the main components and types of
protection schemes. The course also describes practical protection schemes. This course is intended for
consulting, design, operation and maintenance engineers responsible for medium and high voltage
transmission, distribution, industrial and commercial power systems. Participants are expected to have a
basic knowledge of power system practices.
Ir. Lee Chong Kiow, M.Sc. Power System Eng, B.Sc. (Hons) Elect. Eng, P Eng, C Eng, FIEM, MIEE
Ir. Lee Chong Kiow is currently the Director of VI Power, which specializes in providing performing system
studies and technical training of electrical applications. A 1974 Electrical Engineering Student graduate from
Strathclyde University, Glasgow, he has more than forty years of experience in the power engineering
industry. He was previously the engineering manager of Tamco Corporate Holdings Sdn Bhd, which
manufactures indoor-medium and low-voltage switchgear. Prior to that, he spent another five years in a
large consultancy practice and more than 16 years working as a protection engineer in the former National
Electricity Board. He is also a Professional Engineer, Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Malaysia and
Suruhanjaya Tenaga Certified Competent/Services Engineer up to 275kV.
Over the last 15 years, he has trained more than four thousand participants throughout Malaysia, South East
Asia, China, India, Oman and several African countries on Power System Protection, Applications, Operation
& Maintenance of Electrical Equipment, Basic Electricity, Commissioning of Power Transformers, Protection
and Starting of Induction Motors, Medium and Low Voltage Switchgear, Electrical Safety and Electrical
System studies.


Differences between ELCB and RCCB. 5:00 pm End of Day 1 PROGRAMME – Day 2 8:00 am Theory Making Sure the Right Relay Operates Principles and forms of discrimination. 10:30 am Morning Tea Break 11:00 am Theory Continuation of An Introduction to Protection Introduction to CTs and VTs. Example of relay settings. Worked example of overcurrent discrimination. Differences between OCEF for 3-wire and 4-wire systems. requirements and components of protection systems. 1:00 pm Lunch 2:00 pm Theory The Grandfather of all Protection Differences between overload and overcurrent. Typical protection schemes for electrical equipment. feeders and busbar protection. Testing. Types – solid and resistor. neutral and ZCT. main and backup protection and characteristics of overcurrent-earth fault relays.PROGRAMME – Day 1 8:00 am Registration 9:00 am Theory An Introduction to Protection Purpose. Overcurrent-earth relay protection schemes – residual. principles. Applications for transformers. Types of IDMT characteristics. Features of numerical relays. 3:30 pm Afternoon Tea Break 3:45 pm Theory Concept of Differential Protection Principle of differential protection. 1:00 pm Lunch 2 . unit and non-unit protection. Percentage bias and high impedance schemes. 10:30 am Morning Tea Break 11:00 am Theory What Happens After a Relay Operates Analysis of various cases of right and wrong relay operations Why are There Different Types of System Earthing? Need for earthing. Neutral earthing transformer. Zone of protection. Typical relays and their settings.

10:30 am Morning Tea Break 11:00 am Theory Protecting Generators Difference between synchronous and induction generators. Metering and protection CTs and VTs. Use of voltage dependent overcurrent protection. Need for negative phase sequence and field failure protection.2:00 pm Theory Current & Voltage Transformers Principle of operation. Effect of pilot wire faults. Differences between overload and overcurrent Thermal overload relay . Earthing of generators. Use of distance relays . . Primary and secondary injection tests.characteristics. Short-circuit and unbalance protection. Concept of directional earth fault protection. Pilot wire supervision. Comparison between current differential and distance protection. Stability tests. 5:00 pm End of Course 3 . Use of summation transformers and effect on relay sensitivity. Problem of current decrement in the generator fault current. Functional and tripping tests. 3:30 pm Afternoon Tea Break 3:45 pm Theory Making Sure Everything Works Need for testing. Protection of transmission lines.need for cold and hot characteristics. Use of current differential relays and optical fibres. zones and permissive tripping. 5:00 pm End of Day 2 PROGRAMME – Day 3 8:00 am Theory Need for Motor Protection Motor control and protection. 1:00 pm Lunch 2:00 pm Theory Transmission System Protection Improving reliability and security of protection schemes using AND or OR logic. Co-ordination between overload and short-circuit protections. connections 3:30 pm Afternoon Tea Break 3:45 pm Theory Protecting Feeders Overcurrent and pilot wire protection.