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Y, 3936,

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ELECTRIC TRANSLATING DEVICE FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

Filed June 5, 1955

2 Sheets-Sheet l

45

FIG; I.

INVENTOR
vM M

Jan. 7, 1936.

A. LESTi

ELECTRIC TRANSLATING DEVICE FOR MUSICAL IHSTRUEENTS

Filed June 5, 1935

r25

2 Sheets-Sheet 2

r26

28

36

37'

3a

EWENTOR
MM

2,026,841

Patented Jan. 7, 1936

UNITE-D STATES PATENT. OFFICE.


2,026,841

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MUSICAL INSTRUMENT
Arnold 1mm, Angela? can. '

Application June 5, 1935, Serial No.;25,100

a REISSUED'

14 Claims.

My invention relates to an electricaltranslat


ing device for use with musical instruments which
are not suf?ciently loud when played in the nor

mal manner. This device translates the musical


CR

vibrations into corresponding electrical values

detailed description, and more particularly in


the annexed claims, reference is had to the at
tached drawings for an illustrative embodiment
of the inventionwherein,
Fig. 1 is a plan view of aguitar with my in- >5 I

and these are electrically ampli?ed and then vvention applied thereto.
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translated into corresponding sounds by a loud
Fig. 2 is a side view thereof;
speaker. The invention is particularly adapted;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the translating device
to steel stringed musical instruments such as
with top cover removed.
7
10 the guitar.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view through the line 4-4 m
An important object of my invention is to
of-Fig. 3, and- showing also how :the device .is
provide an adequate electrical translating de
vice which is su?lciently small in size so that it held to the instrument at the sound hole.
Fig. 5 is a'sectional-view thrbug'h the line 5-5
may be easily attached to the most effective part
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I
.
15 of the. musical instrument or easily detached of Fig. 3.
Fig.
6
is
a
plan
view
of
the
translating
device
15
from the same.
,
e .
A further object of my invention is to provide showing an alternative method of fastening the
same to instruments without sound holes.
an adequate translating device which will faith
Fig. 7 is a diagrammatic view of the invention
fully reproduce the musical tones of the instru

ment and not extraneous mechanical vibrations


which may exist in the body of the instrument
when it is played. I have found that this feature

is met by a translating device utilizing solenoid


means to produce electrical currents caused by
25 the vibrations of the steel strings of the musical

instrument; the said strings being permanently


magnetized beforehand adjacent to the sole
noidal pick-up device. In this connection, a fur

illustrating four coils and cores, the method of .

magnetizing the steel strings, and the lines of 20'


magnetic force during the process of magnet
ization.

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Fig. 8 is a diagrammatic view of the invention


somewhat similar to Fig. 7, but showing the mag
netic lines of iorce surrounding the steel string 25>

after magnetization, an interfering stray ?eld,v


an ampli?er and loud speaker.

Fig. 9 is a diagrammatic view showing the


ther detailed object of my invention is to provide
translating
device with two coils and cores, the
30 means of changing the relative intensities of the lines of magnetic
force surroundingv the steel 80
bass and treble notes by__moving the above men
string
after
magnetization,
an interfering stray
tioned solenoidal device into proper relation
field,
a
switch
held
in
the
playing
position, an
with the magnetized portions of the steel strings. ampli?er and loud speaker.
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Another important object of my invention is to
Referring to the drawings wherein similar
35 provide, along with the above mentioned fea
represent similar parts throughout, 35
tures, a translating device which is free from characters,
l
is
the
body
of a guitar and 2 the ?ngering
pick-up action engendered by extraneouselec
board. Characterv 3 represents the sound hole
trical and magnetic in?uences. These last men
which is held the translating device designated
tioned in?uences are found to produce extremely at
generally by I. 1 represents generally the steel
40 objectionable noises. In the construction of my
strings which are vibrated during the act of 40
invention I have found that two or more'sole
playing. Translating device 6_ is held to the
noids may operate together so that each neu - guitar by spring 24. The small spring 8 around
tralizes. the effects of the other insofar as ex
the cable 9, where it enters the translating de
traneous unwanted magnetic in?uences are con
45 cerned, but that their positions with respect vice 6, safeguards '9 from excessive wear at that
point. In Fig. 3 the coils I0 and H, having iron45
to the vibrating magnetic portions of the musical cores
#2 and I3, are shown'connected to insulated >
instrument, causes an addition or summation leads l4 and I! and their center connection l6
of their respective translating currents.
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_
A further. detailed object of my invention is to being connected to the case I1, made 01' mag
provide means for properly magnetizing the steel netic material. A shielding, 18 around leads I
and I5 constitutes a return lead, also connected 50
vibrating members of the musical instrument to
the case II. The windings in coils Ill and II
in a manner which will produce maximum ef
fects.

55

With the foregoing and other objects in view,


which will-be made manifest in the following

are in opposite directions, as can be seen from

the direction of the ends I9, 20, 2|, 22. The


case l1, made of magnetic material, aids in the

pick-up action by reducing the magnetic re-55

2,026,841
16, 11, leading to a source of potential to produce
?eld excitation.

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In the playing position shown in Fig. 9, if the


steel string 1 vibrates, the surrounding magnetic

ca ?eld 18, 19 will also vibrate inducing currents in

containing the solenoids within, means for send


ing a direct current through the solenoids to pro
duce a series of magnetized genes in each steel

string with'opposite magnetic polarity for adja


cent zones whereby strong vibrating currents 5

the coils 58, 59, while being insensitive to the stray


field 80, as above mentioned. The currents are

are induced in the solenoids from their cumula


tive effects when the strings are vibrating, but

applied to the input 68, 69, ll, of the ampli?er 61,


which ampli?es them, and from the output 8], 82,

minimizing the in?uence of stray magnetic ?elds,

10 of the ampli?er they are connected to the loud

speaker 15, which translates the ampli?ed cur


rents into sounds.
Various changes may be made in my invention,
by those skilled in the art, without departing from
the spirit thereof as set forth in the drawings,

speci?cation and claims.


I claim:

l. The combination, in steel stringed musical


instruments, of a plurality of wire coils, iron cores
20 contained within the said coils each having a face
of equal distance to the strings, means for send
ing a direct current through the coils to produce

means for disconnecting the direct current, an

ampli?er to increase the amplitude 01' the vibrat- 1)


ing currents, and a loud speaker to translate the
ampli?edcurrents into sounds.
6. The combination, in steel stringed musical
instruments, of a plurality of an even number
of insulated wire coils having cores made of mag- 15
netic material, a case also made of magnetic ma
terial having an open top and a closed bottom

and containing the wire coils within, means for


fastening the case to the musicalinstrument be
low the strings with the topside facing the 20

a series of magnetized zones, in each steel string,

strings, a source of direct current, a switch to


connect the coils to the source of direct current
to produce a series of magnetic zones in each

with reversed magnetic polarity for adjacent

steel string whereby, when the strings vibrate,

25 zones whereby induced currents are established

currents are induced in the coils and reinforced

in the coils when the strings are vibrated, means


for disconnecting the direct current, means for
amplifying the induced currents and or translat
ing them into sounds.
2. The combination, in steel stringed musical
30
instruments of a plurality of wire coils spaced
in consecutive order and each having iron cores,
means for sending a direct current through the

magnetic in?uences, means on the said switch


to disconnect the coils'from the source of direct
current and to connect the same to an ampli?er
to amplify the currents, and a loud speaker to S0
translate the ampli?ed currents into sounds.
7. Hie-combination, with steel stringed mu
sical instruments, oil a series of insulated wire

coils to produce magnetic ?elds of opposite


35 polarity in adjacentcoils and magnetizing the

strings therewith, whereby induced currents are


established in the coils when the strings are

source of direct current, a switch having a ?rst

position to connect the direct currentto the wire


coils and- simultaneously shunt the triodes grid

3. The combination, in steel stringed musical

and containing the wire coils within, bent sides


on the case to hold a non-magnetic top cover, a
45 spring having two free ends and a midsection
fastened to the outer bottom of the case and

st

60

65

70

coils spaced in consecutive order and each hav


ing iron cores with faces equidistant to each steel 35
string, an ampli?er having triodes grid input, a

vibrating.
40 instruments, of a plurality of insulated wire coils
each having iron cores, a case made of magnetic
material having an open top and a closed bottom

50

by their cumulative action while neutralizing stray

input producing a series of magnetized zones in 40


each steel string, a second position of the switch
to disconnect the ?rst position connections, and
simultaneously connect the wire coils to the tri~

odes grid input thereby sending vibrating cur


rents, induced in the coils when the strings are 45

vibrated, through the ampli?er which boosts the

adapted to hold the same to the musical instru-. ' same, and a loud speaker to translate the boosted
ment at the sound hole, means for utilizing the currents into sounds.
said wire coils to produce a series of magnetized
8. The method of electrically increasing the
zones in each string whereby currents are induced volume of steel stringed musical instruments, 50
in the coils when the strings are vibrating, an which consists in utilizing a plurality of electro
ampli?er to increase the amplitude of the cur
magnets to magnetize steel strings into magnetic
rents and a loud speaker to translate the ampli
zones of opposing polarity for adjacent zones, uti
lizing the same coils to produce electrical cur
?ed currents into sounds.
4. The combination, in steel stringed musical rents when the strings are vibrated, amplifying 55
instruments, of two solenoids each adapted to the said currents and translating them into
produce electrical currents from the in?uence oi. sounds.
.
9. The method of reducing noise when elec
vibrating magnetic ?elds, means for sending a
direct current through the solenoids to magnetize trically amplifying the volume of steel stringed '
adjacent portions of the steel strings in opposite musical instruments which consists in utilizing a to
magnetic polarity whereby strong electrical cur
series or wire coils with adjacent coils connected
rents are produced from the cumulative e?ects in opposite polarity. utilizing the coils to mag
of the solenoids when these currents are induced netize portions of the steel strings into magnetic
from the vibrations of the magnetized strings zones, and utilizing the same coils toproduce
but minimizing the e?ects of stray magnetic ?elds currents when the strings are vibrated.
65
10. The method 0! adjusting the relative in
from the neutralizing e?ects of the solenoids, an
ampli?er to amplify the currents and a loud tensities of the bass and treble notes when elec
speaker to translate the ampli?ed currents into trically amplifying the sounds of steel stringed
musical instruments which consists in utilizing
sounds;
/
.
5. The combination, in steel stringed musical a series of coils tomagnetize portions or the steel 70
instruments, of a plurality of solenoids with strings, adjusting the relative positions of the
means cooperating therewith adapting the same coils with respect to the magnetic portions to ob-v
to produce electrical currents from the in?uence tain the desired relative intensities, and utiliz
of vibrating adjacent magnetic members, a case - ing the coils to produce currents when the strings
made of magnetic material open on one side and are Evibrated.

%
11. The combination, in.v steel

We

instruments,
secutively on of
one
a series
side of
oi the
wirees,
coils ~ cores
1
con

eechsteel
its the
string
andinto
elect

eticeones
snets to of reversed

polarity for odjscent zones whereby cumulative

tsined within each coil and each bovine s iece currents are induced in the eiectrognets when

substantially equidistant to each steel string end


adapted to msgnetize the strings when the coils
are energized by a. momentary direct current
wherebycurrents are induced in. the coils when
' the strings are vibrated.

12. The combinetiony in. steel stringed nice!


1 instruments, of a pity of wire coils each

spaced consecutively, cores contained Within. each


' coil each having a face substantially equidistant
to each steel string and adapted to "en-I
15 each steel string ,into a series of magnetic zones
of reversed polarity for adjacent zones end cor

responding to the polarity or the coils when the


said coils are momentarily energized by e, direct
current whereby currents ere established in the
coils when the strings are vibrated; _

13. The combination, in steel stringed musical


' instruments, or a. plurality of electromegnets,

means for sending e momentary direct-current

the strings we vibrated.


.

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14. The .comhition, in steel'strihsed musicsl '


insents
consecutivelyofona one
plurality
side of
of the
wire steel
coilsstrings.
- cores contained within the coils eech hevins'e

fece substsntielly of equal distance to each steello


string, e case rm

e02

etic material having.

en omn top'end a, closed bottom and conng .

the coils within, bent sides on the case to hold a. .

non-meti'c top coven'e spring hsving two


free ends and s mid-section fastened to the outer '15
bottom of the case and adopted to hold the same
to the musics] instrument, and means for send

ing s momentary direct current through the coils


to metize each steel string whereby currents 20
are induced in the coils when the strings are
vibrated.

ARNOLD LESTI.

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