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LUSAKA APEX

MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHIATRY
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE (PSY 115)
LIST OF TOPICS FOR EXAM PREPARATION
At least three (3) questions will in the Exam Paper (from 1 to 57 questions).
1. Historical origins of Psychology from Philosophy (e.g. R. Descartes, J. Locke, etc.).
2. The father of Psychology and his contribution to Psychology.
3. The first schools of Psychology (e.g. Functionalism W. James).
4. Subsequent Schools of Psychology (e.g. Psychodynamic theory S. Freud).
5. Perspectives in Psychology (Cognitive approach, Systemic approach, etc.).
6. Research methods of Psychology (Experimental, Correlational, Case studies, etc.).
7. Sensation vs perception (definitions and explanation). The process of sensation.
8. Top-down processing and perceptual set.
9. Effect of emotion, physical state and motivation on perception.
10. Distance-related context cues. The Ames room experiment.
11. Learning. 5 processes of learning.
12. Classical conditioning (I. Pavlov).
13. Operant conditioning (B. F. Skinner).
14. Social learning (A. Bandura).
15. Cognitive learning.
16. Types of memory.
17. Steps of memory storage.
18. Types of forgetting.
19. Stages of memory.
20. What is motivation?
21. Perspectives on motivation (e.g. Psychodynamic, Cognitive, etc.).
22. A. Maslow and his hierarchy of needs.
23. Motivation of hunger and eating.
24. Psychosocial motives.
25. Emotions. Taxonomy of emotions.
26. Definition of inelegancy.
27. Wechsler Intelligence Scales.
28. Gardners theory of multiple intelligences.
29. Saloveys emotional intelligence.
30. Thinking: How is it different from remembering?
31. Organization of our thoughts: Culture and Individual Differences.
32. Thinking, Expectations, and Predictions.
33. Thinking as Problem Solving.
34. Thinking as Decision-Making.
35. Thinking as Decision-Making: Biases and Bad Decisions.
36. Problem-Solving and Decision-Making as Critical Thinking.

37. Five features of sexuality.


38. Three-stage model of sexual response by Kaplan.
39. Styles of love.
40. Triangular theory of love.
41. Stages of Development by Jean Piaget.
42. The Two Theories of S. Freud (Topographic and Structural theories).
43. Stages of Psychosexual Development by S. Freud.
44. The Stages of Predetermined Development by Erik Erikson.
45. Personality vs Trait.
46. The structure of personality by S. Freud (Id, Ego and Supergo).
47. Defense mechanisms by S. Freud.
48. Jungian Theory (by Carl Jung).
49. Object-Relations theory (M. Klein and D. Winnicott).
50. Allports trait theory. Personality traits: The Big Five.
51. Sex vs Gender (definitions).
52. Psychological explanations of gender development (Kohlbergs theory, Martin and
Halverson theory).
53. Biological influences on gender (Gorski, Young, Shaywitz and Shaywitz).
54. Biosocial influences on gender (Moss, Wood and Eggly).
55. Social influences on gender (e.g. Social learning theory, Cultural, Media).
56. Psychotherapy definition and types of psychotherapy (according to format and content).
57. Milieu Therapy (Community therapy).

At least one (1) question will be in the Exam Paper (from 58 to 72 questions).
58. Medical deontology and medical ethics.
59. Communicating with adult patients.
60. Communicating with elderly (geriatric) patients.
61. Communicating with children (pediatric) and young patients.
62. Giving the bad news.
63. Multidisciplinary team in medicine.
64. Psychoanalysis.
65. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
66. Pet therapy (Animal-assisted therapy).
67. Art therapy.
68. Holistic approach to treatment.
69. Psychological support and counselling.
70. Sex therapy.
71. Couple counselling.
72. Pastoral counselling.

Good luck with your exam preparation!


Prepared by Dr. Tony Tsarkov