Newspaper of La Jolla High School - ljhitide.

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Vol XC - Issue 8 - June 3, 2016

Nowhere to Nightly News

Where Islamic State came from and how they terrorized the West
BY RYAN ROBSON
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF ELECT
In the 2012 Obama-Romney
debates, the words “ISIS” were
not uttered once.
In the last five primary debates for each party, Islamic
State has been mentioned more
than one hundred times.
How did this terrorist group virtually unheard of four years
ago - instill fear in the American public and become cited by
presidential candidates as the
number one security threat facing the United States?
Since its core structure was
established in 1999, Islamic State
has grown to control territories
containing millions of people,
raise billions in revenues, and
become the wealthiest and most
internet-savvy terrorist organization the West has ever faced.

Beginnings
Islamic State finds its roots in
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a radical freelancer who moved to Af-

ghanistan to conduct jihad.
There, the Jordan-born operative established a training bootcamp for terrorists in Herat, Afganistan and established close
links to Osama bin Laden and
al-Qaeda.
In 1999, he established Jama’at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad, the
basic foundation that led to the
eventual establishment of Islamic State.
Zarqawi dreamed of creating
an extreme religious society,
and when he fled to Iraq, his
group began executing violent
attacks on Jews and Shia Muslims.
In 2004, after holding out
for years, Zarqawi joined forces with Osama bin Laden and
renamed
his
organization
“al-Qaeda in Iraq,” or AQI. Bin
Laden said Zarqawi was “the
emir [leader] of the al-Qaeda
organization in the land of the
Tigris and the Euphrates.”
According to the Council on
Foreign Relations, “Zarqawi’s
organization took aim at U.S.

forces... their international allies, and local collaborators.
It sought to draw the United
States into a sectarian civil war
by attacking Shias and their
holy sites, including the Imam
al-Askari shrine in 2006, to provoke them to retaliate against
Sunni civilians.”
Zarqawi’s violent tactics soon
drew the ire of al-Qaeda leadership.
A former senior official and
the current leader of al-Qaeda,
Ayman al-Zawahiri, wrote a
well-known letter to Zarqawi
admonishing him for attacking
civilians.
Zarqawi ignored the directive
and AQI detonated bombs in
November 2005 at three tourist
hotels in Amman, Jordan. Shortly thereafter, he was taken out
by a US air strike and a torrent
of American troops blanketed
Iraq.
In 2007, the withdrawal of
American troops began and
Obama announced the fulfillment of his campaign promise

LJHS NEWS

Teacher Grievances Spike
Teachers file many grievances against the
administration for numerous contract violations
BY NESSIE NAVARRO
SENIOR EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Under Dana Shelburne, La
Jolla High School’s principal for
two decades, an average of less
than one grievance against the
administration was filed by a
teacher each year.
Since Dr. Chuck Podhorsky
became principal of LJHS in
2014, the Hi-Tide has learned
that over a dozen such grievances have been filed, a number
which teachers have described as
“unprecedented”, “alarming,” and
“a cause for great concern.”
Grievances can be filed by
teachers for a perceived breach
of the contract that is agreed
to between the San Diego Education Association (SDEA), the
labor union which represents
teachers, and the San Diego Unified School District (SDUSD), the
body that employs the teachers.

The lengthy contract, which is
revisited every few years, outlines in detail policies for teacher
wages and employment procedures, as well as student rights
such as the number of instructional days and resource allocation for programs (including
special education).
Under Dr. Podhorsky, a myriad of grievances have been filed
against the LJHS administration
by teachers for the following reasons: failure to follow the contract in the excessing of teachers,
ordering of administrative leave,
reassignment of classes, and the
prevention of teacher-led union
meetings.
The grievance process has been
initiated over twelve times under
Dr. Podhorsky, sources say, with
all but one of the cases resulting
in an outcome favorable to the
teacher. Mrs. Zink is the exception, as her situation remains

unresolved. (She remains on paid
administrative leave.)
The grievance process begins
when a teacher approaches one
of LJHS’s three site union representatives with a concern regarding a possible violation of
the union contract.
This site union rep will then
reach out to SDEA and speak to
a contract specialist, who will
review the situation and determine if a breach of contract has
occurred. If the specialist agrees
that there is a case, the grievance will proceed to level one:
an informal meeting between
the teacher, the site rep, and the
school principal.
If the issue is not resolved to
the teacher’s satisfaction, a representative from SDEA will join
a “level two” meeting with the
teacher, the site union rep, and
See “GRIEVANCES,” page 6

to withdraw all forces in 2011.
“Iraq’s not a perfect place,”
the President admitted. “It has
many challenges ahead. But
we’re leaving behind a sovereign, stable and self reliant Iraq
with a representative govern- THE BIG
STORY
ment that was
elected by its
people. We’re building a new
partnership between our nations and we are ending a war
not with a final battle but with a
final march toward home.”
The US, however, failed to
recognize the deep fractures exacerbated by Zarqawi between
the Sunnis and the Shia government, and the new Islamic State
created by Zarqawi’s successors
poised itself to exploit the differences.

Expansion
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, Islamic State’s current leader, took
the reigns of the terrorist netSee “ISIS,” page 16

Computer Classes in
Jeopardy?
Getting to the bottom of student rumors
BY AUSTIN IVERSON
STAFF WRITER
Over the past few months, rumors have swirled around the
campus regarding the fate of the
La Jolla High School computer
science program.
Computer science teacher
Greg Volger told the Hi-Tide,
“As of now, I’ve been assured by
[LJHS Principal Dr. Chuck Podhorsky] that the program will be
running next year.
When asked why the rumors
might be circulating, Mr. Volger explained, “Our district office
said there was only .6 of a position, and might not be funded for
next year.”
A 60% position means that the
district would be unable to fund
a teacher’s full schedule of classes. (Mr. Volger currently teachers
five periods of Comp. Sci. 1-2, AP
Comp. Sci, and Comp. Sci. 3-4).
Once Mr. Volger retires, a re-

placement will need be found for
the program to continue.
“In the case of CCTE [College,
Career & Technical Education],
there’s a teacher’s contract that
guides a lot of how teachers are
hired so it’s really kind of out of
the hands of the principal,” Dr.
Podhorsky said.
“Many of those rules are based
on teacher seniority, those types
of things. At this point there have
been conversations but there is
nobody identified; nobody has a
contract in hand.”
Dr. Podhorsky cited low student demand, even in student selections for next year, as the underlying issue with the computer
science program.
“The courses are offered based
on course request, and they’re
also offered on our ability to stay
within the contractual limits, so
we can’t have more than 36 kids
in the class.”
See “COMPUTER,” page 6

MORE INSIDE

SPORTS
NFL Draft 2016

FEATURES
Senior Bucket List

PHOTO
Deception

EXCURSIONS
“When I Was in Africa...” by Robert J. Boyd

OPINIONS

2

ljhitide.com

June 3, 2016

The La Jolla High School
SINCE 1925

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Ryan Robson

NEWS EDITORS

Nora Becker
Jimmy Irwin

OPINIONS EDITORS

Ariana Dennis
Zoe Mendel

INTERNATIONAL EDITOR

Sam Kinsey

MANAGING EDITOR

Khalil Eley

SPORTS EDITOR

Shayna Kobrinetz
STUDENT FOCUS EDITOR

Georgie Morris
A&E EDITOR

Brooke Kaufman
FEATURES EDITORS

Asha Alagiri
Julia Walton

PHOTO EDITOR

Alexa Kideys

CARTOONS EDITOR

Tanner Ford

Construction Disrupts La Jolla Students
BY JIMMY IRWIN
NEWS EDITOR ELECT
If one walks through the
school on any given morning
at La Jolla High, they are sure
to hear a symphony of yawns,
laughing, lockers shutting, feet
shuffling, student conversations
and more. Among the conversations are sure to be grumblings
about the lack of parking.
As if there were not enough
parking before, the problem has
been exacerbated by the ongoing street repair. Some complain
that it interrupts our morning
commute too much and that the
crews ought to do it after school

Correction
An article in the January 22,
2016 issue of the Hi-Tide, “No
More Free Periods for Class
of ‘17,” incorrectly stated that
the SDUSD was eliminating
free periods for seniors to increase funding. The change
was made to comply with
California AB 1012.

gets out each day.
Others say that they should
not do it during the school year,
and instead perform the work in
summer.
If it were done after school,
people would complain that it
clogs up the roads too much
then. If it were done in the summer, people would protest that it
would make San Diego’s famous
summer traffic even more nightmarish.
While there are always some
things that could be done at a
better time or perhaps be performed more efficiently, there
will never be a perfect time. The
work needs to be done.
Before, some La Jollans complained that our roads were falling into disrepair and that the
city needed to make their restoration a priority. Now that that
is being accomplished, they are
carping about it conflicting with
their schedules.
The repair crews are already
being very considerate. For
example, West Muirlands is
blocked off from mid-April to
mid-May because they are re-

On #SweaterGate

Meteorologist falls victim to on-screen criticism
for dress choice

ADVISOR

Robert J. Boyd

OUTGOING SENIOR EDITORS
Sara Espinosa
Nessie Navarro
Andrea Albanez
Creekstar Allan
Kieran Bauman
Viviana Bonomie
Sophia Dorfsman
Sophia Ketring
Jillian Kopp
Yenitzia Lopez
Tristan Macelli
RESIDENT DANCER
Mitchell Itkin
STAFF WRITERS
Lucy Barton
Jenna Cunningham
Alexander Drew
Nikolai Gaenzle
Austin Iverson
Jade Moujaes
Jillian Murray
Maia Pearl
Jessica Penner
Rebecca Ryan
Ross Shephard
Mingze Yu

90

YEARS
The Hi-Tide, an open forum, is the
official student newspaper of La
Jolla High School. Unless otherwise
noted, opinions voiced in the HiTide belong to the individual author. The Hi-Tide welcomes letters,
opinions, or media submissions
from anyone. You may email submissions to LJHiTide@yahoo.com
or drop them off in Room 514. All
submissions should be typed. The
Hi-Tide reserves the right to refuse
any material. To advertise with the
Hi-Tide or to purchase a subscription, please email us or call (858)
454-3081, extension 4514. No part
of the Hi-Tide may be reproduced
without written permission.

Chan is instructed to put on a sweater during her
weather report by off-screen coworker.
Photo via Facebook

BY NORA BECKER
NEWS EDITOR ELECT
On Saturday May 14th, Liberté
Chan, a meteorologist at KTLA in
Los Angeles, was given a sweater on live television after viewers
complained that her black dress
made her look “like she didn’t
make it home from her cocktail
party last night.” (Chan later said
that she had originally planned
to wear a different dress, but it
didn’t cooperate with the camera
and the greenscreen.)
Her coworker, Chris Burrous,
can be seen wiggling a gray cardigan from off screen, and Chan
takes it reluctantly after he tells
her they’ve been getting a lot of
emails complaining about the
dress.
First: yes, I do believe that
professionalism is something to
be valued. But I also believe that
Chan’s shoulders should not be a
controversy. What Chan, or any
person, wears is up to them.
Second: in videos posted after the incident, Burrous reads
aloud a few of the nasty emails,
and it’s clear that he too is astounded by them. Chan claims
that her bosses did not order
her to wear the sweater, and she
played along with Burrous’ joke.
But if Burrous is just as surprised
by the emails, why give her the
sweater, on live television?
It was a 6 am broadcast on a
Saturday morning – “a lot” of

emails has to be an exaggeration.
These few people won, essentially, when Burrous gives in.
Publicly shaming Chan was the
wrong move.
In the background of the video
of Burrous reading emails, Chan
says incredulously, “Can we
talk about my weather performance?” And she’s right.
Women “in the public eye”
(newscasters, celebrities, etc.)
are so often judged on their appearances rather than their intellect. Australian newscaster Karl
Stefanovic revealed in November
2014 that he had been wearing the same suit every day for
a year. “No one has noticed; no
one gives a s—,” Stefanovic said
to a local media station. “But
women, they wear the wrong
color and they get pulled up.
They say the wrong thing and
there’s thousands of tweets written about them.” (The hashtag
#sweatergate was coined after
Chan’s controversy.)
His year-long experiment goes
to show that women are held to
an almost unattainable standard.
(In the aforementioned video,
Chan says, “I have to go shopping now. It’s a lot of pressure.”)
Much of the sexism seen today
is almost backhanded, so subtle
it’s just accepted.
But when a glaring example of
sexism is seen on live television,
it’s hard to ignore.

Construction signs block the entrance of West
Muirlands Drive, a commonly used side street for La
Jolla students
Photo via Zoe Mendel

placing the sewer pipes under
the streets there. But, they are
only blocking it off between 8
a.m. and 4 p.m. This is to allow
people to use the road to get to
school in the mornings and ease
traffic flow, as they know the
construction going on all around
already puts stress on their commute.
Sure, the road repairs cause
a few more headaches in the

morning, but they need to be
done, and there will always be a
time that seems better than the
present to get them done. But
once we reach that time, it always seems to slip further into
the future.
We should just be thankful
that the work is getting done,
and incorporate a few extra minutes into our morning commute
to accommodate the repairs.

The Next 90 Years
A note from the Editor-in-Chief
“If you don’t read the newspaper, you’re uninformed. If
you read the newspaper, you’re
mis-informed,” Mark Twain once
warned.
Mr. Twain might be even more
caustic if he saw the media landscape today: click-driven online
publications, polarized TV news,
and news results manipulated by
Google to show us articles we
are more likely to agree with.
In the wake of this massive
worldwide change, old ethics are
under siege and public-serving
journalism at all levels is now at
risk.
We have witnessed this change
first-hand this election cycle - in
print media, television, and new
online outlets.
Publications have engaged in
scores of irresponsible behavior;
confidently predicting the unpredictable, adding bias into the
mix right and left, and emphasizing ratings over the truth.
All of these publications have
an obligation to exercise their
First Amendment rights in a responsible way.
And so do we.
In the past year (the Hi-Tide’s
ninetieth one), we have utilized
both editorial restraint and editorial freedom to keep readers
informed and present a range of
perspectives on various issues
from the school to the world.
The articles, the opinion pieces, and the advertisement that
catalyzed campus discussions
this year all went through a
sound student editorial review
that emphasized truth and civil
discourse over fluff and inaccuracy.
“We are an open platform,”
Mark Zuckerberg said to conservatives to crystallize his vision of
Facebook in response to allegations of liberally-skewed results.
The Hi-Tide, too, is an open
platform for the presentation of
ideas and discussion of news by
students, teachers, and the rest
of our school community.
While we plan to continue this

commitment next year, we will
also be making changes to make
journalism possible at La Jolla
High for another ninety years.
When this newspaper was
founded, the television had not
been invented yet.
Undoubtedly, the coming decades will bring profound technological advancements (virtual
reality, anyone?) that will revolutionize media again and again
throughout the twenty-first century.
While we cannot predict the
future, nor afford to build a VR
app at this time, we will nevertheless be updating our design,
slowly shuffling online with upto-date content and video, and
recalibrating our social media to
make it legitimately useful to the
student body.
Most importantly, we will
strive to ensure that the Hi-Tide
becomes an ever more accessible
source for stories that are relevant to you.
In my new capacity as Editor-in-Chief, I look forward to
keeping our school better and
more fairly informed.
Whether this means our newspaper is the source for instant
updates on key school events,
academic and athletic news, or
great longform and video stories
covering La Jolla and the world
at large, the burgeoning Hi-Tide
will deliver.
Last year, our newspaper took
home second place in the San
Diego County Fair, and I am
confident that the issues created
this year under the leadership
of our former page editors, Editors-in-Chief Sara Espinosa and
Nessie Navarro, and our intelligent advisor Robert J. Boyd will
once again get the recognition
they deserve.
Until next year,

Ryan Robson
2016-2017 Editor-in-Chief Elect

OPINIONS

3

June 3, 2016

The “Eco” in Economy

Shots or Smallpox?

Vaccines Still Prove to be Beneficial

Balancing the growth and the environment

BY ZOE MENDEL
OPINIONS EDITOR ELECT

Pollution produced by a factory burning coal in Germany.
Photo via Wikipedia

BY BROOKE KAUFMAN
SPORTS EDITOR ELECT
It is common knowledge that
the past three centuries of progress have been powered by coal,
oil, and gas, also known as the
fossil fuels. If the world continues to burn what is left of these
energy providers, however, environmental and economic catastrophes are inevitable. The
question that remains is: how
can humanity rid itself of depending on fossil fuels without
giving up on growth?
In America today, fossil fuels
are the nation’s primary source
of energy, accounting for eightyfive percent of current fuel use.
With gross over-consumption
world-wide of fossil fuels, the
world is quickly deteriorating
into a mess of environmental
and economic problems.
Global warming, air pollution,
oil spills, and acid rain are simultaneously destroying the face of
the planet. Additionally, heavy
reliance on fossil fuels, at a time
of growing demand and dwindling supply is contributing to
worldwide price fluctuations.
Formed as a result of decayed
plants and animals that have

been exposed to heat and pressure in the Earth’s crust, fossil
fuels began their path to mainstream consumption around the
time the Industrial Revolution
took off in the 18th century, and
vast quantities of fossil fuels
began being used to power the
economy and deliver unprecedented affluence to huge numbers of people.
Today, the fossil fuel industry
not only produces the world’s
largest sources of energy but allows for millions of employment
opportunities worldwide.
The reason why people are so
hesitant to put an end to the use
of fossil fuels is because the collapse of an industry so large and
dominant would cause cataclysmic economic fallouts. As the demand continues to increase for
coal, oil, and gas, prices of each
commodity and the need for new
workers rises as well.
The ‘fossil fuel jobs boom’ has
greatly boosted America’s recovery from the recession and, consequently, is strongly supported
by those benefiting from that
section of the labor force.
While the clean-energy industries have grown at slightly
lesser rates than that of the fossil

fuels, energy-generating mechanisms, such as wind and solar
power, remain on the rise as major players in the race to safely
power the planet.
In fact, a 2014 study conducted
by British Petroleum and Royal
Dutch Shell, two of the world’s
largest oil companies, predicted
that by 2050, one-third of the
world’s energy will need to come
from solar, wind, and other renewable resources. As explained
by company scientists, as climate
change, population growth, and
fossil fuel depletion continues
on, renewables will need to play
a bigger role in the future than
they do today.
And although humanity remains unclear as to how exactly
we can save the planet, all while
generating enough energy and
keeping the job economy stable,
there are always the little things
that can be done to help.
Through the practice of conservation at home, uses of alternative transportation and
energy, and ‘greening’ of fuel
guzzlers such as cars, the human
race can begin its journey toward
restoring the natural world.

Marijuana Could be CA’s Cash Crop...
...but are we ready for the consequences?
BY NIKOLAI GAENZLE
STAFF WRITER
With the California State
elections just around the corner
in November, many hotly debated topics are going to be up
for review. One of the most notable is The Adult Use of Marijuana Act Initiative, a measure
that would legalize marijuana and hemp under state law.
The initiative was also designed to establish state agencies to oversee the licensing
and regulation of the marijuana
industry. Moreover, it would enact a sales tax of 15 percent and
a cultivation tax of $9.25 per
ounce for flowers and $2.75 per
ounce for leaves. Similar acts
have been passed in Washington
and Oregon that allow for the
legal use of non-medicinal marijuana. Colorado is the state best
known for legalizing recreational marijuana, and over $92 million in marijuana sales occurred

there in February 2015 alone.
Could pot become the
cash crop of the future?
While the CA Marijuana
measure is expected to pass in
the coming polls, there may be

unintended consequences. Despite Colorado’s legalization of
marijuana, crime rates through
the state are on the rise; most of
which comes from gang violence.
The state has seen an increase

DATA
“Do you think the use of marijuana should be made legal, or not?”

NO
84%
YES
58%
39%
NO

12%
YES
1969

Data via Gallup

1993

2013

The Center for Disease Control
(CDC) recommends 28 doses of
vaccinations for kids from birth
to age six. I say “recommends”
because vaccines for children
cannot be mandated by federal
law, as a personal right protected
by the First Amendment. All 50
states, however, require vaccination to attend public school, even
if they must allow religious and
even philosophical exemptions.
It’s common sense to demand
vaccinations for schoolchildren. It not only helps their immune systems develop strong
resistance to diseases but also
keeps the school’s student body
healthy. As we learned from the
plague, close quarters and lots of
human contact can be a disease’s
best friend. Why wouldn’t parents protect their children and
schoolmates from diseases?
Many opposed parents claim
that vaccines cause serious and
sometimes fatal side effects, such
as an allergic reaction. According to the CDC, however, it only
occurs in about one in a million
children. Others say that the
compound aluminum in vaccinations in trace amounts can be
linked to autism. Researchers,
however, assure that in trace
amounts (like that of a vaccine)
such chemicals are safe for the
body’s consumption.
Along with a few other chemical rumors, one of the largest
arguments made by anti-vaccination organizations is the infringement on personal rights
that is presented by demanding
vaccinations. Several religions
oppose vaccinations, and demanding them infringes on a
citizen’s First Amendment Right
to religious freedom, which was
solidified by the court case Cantwell v. Connecticut in 1939. Some
object to the controversial compounds in some vaccines, such
as animal products, or the use
of aborted fetus cells during the

in gang related crime ever since
the legalization in 2014, most
of which has been centered
around drug trade. According to
the ATF, this spike is a result of
transporting marijuana to other states where it does not have
legal status. This is one complication that California will have
to face if marijuana is legalized.
Compounded with this, there
has also been an alarming increase in marijuana related hospital cases, especially with children and infants. Legalization
has increased its prevalence in
Colorado households and, when
irresponsible parents possess
it, it is more likely to end up in
the hands of a child. Along with
its availability, edible cannabis comes in many kid friendly
forms such as Swedish fish, gummy bears, chocolate bars, and
jolly ranchers; these shapes and
designs are tantalizing to kids
who are looking for something
sweet to eat. Unfortunately, in
the world of cannabis, a child’s
inquisitiveness can often put
them into a dangerous situation.
All of these issues howev-

A modern smallpox
vaccination kit, including bifercation needle
Photo via Wikipedia

production process.
Public health is an important part of maintaining a wellto-do nation that is still one of
the world’s leading powers. The
simple truth is that vaccines can
save lives, and have been recorded by the CDC to be 99% effective in preventing disease. As
for the aforementioned allergic
reaction, the odds are miniscule
compared to the 2.5 million children annually saved by vaccines
alone.
Still, anti-vaccination organizations have claimed that the
vaccines are no longer necessary
because they target diseases that
are no longer effective. One such
example is smallpox, which has
completely disappeared thanks
to vaccinations. As a result, there
are no more smallpox vaccinations being given.
Especially in America, religious beliefs, which are protected by the First Amendment, need
to be respected.
The ability to completely eradicate a disease like smallpox, that
had formerly killed thousands of
people, however, is a wonderful
achievement by medical professionals and could possibly lead
them to cutting edge discoveries
with diseases that threaten our
nation now.
Can you imagine a world
without the flu? What about a
world without AIDS? Could this
even lead to protection against
non-inherited forms of cancer?
We’ll never know if we refuse
the vaccinations we have now.
er, can not be solved cheaply.
Gang violence, for example,
will require hiring new police
officers, improving their equipment, and providing them with
more advanced training. Pot
taxes will bring in millions in
state revenue, but these expensive countermeasures could
quickly cut into that gain.
Although most Americans
agree with the legalization of
medicinal marijuana, recreational use should and has been
brought under heavier scrutiny.
While legalizing marijuana
in California will most likely
have enormous positive economic effects, the state and the
people need to be able to cope
with the other issues that come
in tow. Police must learn to deal
with an almost certain increase
in violence and drug smuggling, while parents and users
will either learn to be more responsible with the substance or
face the medical consequences.
This leaves us to think, is
our society ready to handle legalized marijuana?

SPORTS

4

ljhitide.com

June 3, 2016

NFL Draft 2016

Photos via Wikicommons

Gambling with players’ futures
BY SHAYNA KOBRINETZ
SPORTS EDITOR ELECT

Female Soccer
Players Fight for
Equal Rights

The 2016 NFL Draft provided
various takeaways for viewers
and fans, proving that the NFL is
no longer only about football.
The drama started minutes
before the draft when a video of
former Ole Miss tackle Laremy
Tunsil using a gas mask bong
was posted on his social media
accounts before the draft began.
Later, screenshots of what appeared to be text messages with
the athletic staff at Ole Miss were
also posted on Tunsil’s accounts
about paying rent for Tunsil and
his mother, and he later admitted to taking money from an Ole
Miss coach.
Tunsil lost approximately $13
million because of these social
media incidents, which were
reportedly caused by a former
financial advisor to Tunsil. He
dropped from being a projected
top 5 pick to being drafted 13th
in the first round.
Jared Goff, the junior quarterback out of Cal was the #1 pick
in this years draft, and was selected by the Los Angeles Rams,

who traded up for Goff. This
caused the Rams to miss out
on several opportunities in the
following rounds of the draft,
including valuable players they
could’ve used in addition to their
new quarterback.
Goff, who, despite his 96 career touchdowns, has also had
his share of bad games, throwing 30 interceptions, including
13 last season, and his 81 sacks
and 23 fumbles certainly don’t
brighten his resume. Goff has
been criticized for his “baby
hands,” but they certainly didn’t
hurt him during this year’s draft.
Connor Cook, the standout
quarterback from Michigan State
was projected to be a first round
pick, but was not drafted until
the start of the fourth round,
which shocked most people in
the sports community. However, despite his talent on the field,
Cook has become somewhat
notable for his apparent lack of
leadership skills, maturity and
even personality.
After interviews with Cook,
several NFL coaches reportedly left his interviews feeling
that there was something off or

strange. Were the interviewers
too focused on personality and
not on football? Possibly, considering that Cook is an excellent
and very talented quarterback,
but personality is also extremely
important, and crucial to the way
a team operates. Teams need to
be particularly cautious in light
of the recent events surrounding
Johnny Manziel, as an incident
similar to his, especially focused
on a quarterback can draw a lot
of unneeded and unwanted attention to teams.
However, not everything in the
draft was negative, as the Tampa
Bay Buccaneers actually traded up for a kicker, making him
the second highest picked kicker since 2004. Roberto Aguayo,
Florida State’s former kicker is
the most accurate kicker ever in
college football. Not everyone
was pleased with this move, as
an NFL GM said that this was
“the dumbest pick in the history
of the draft.” However, former
FSU quarterback Jameis Winston
tweeted to Aguayo saying, “Bertoooooooooo!! #NoleBucs.”
The new NFL season begins on
September 8.

Five players demand fair pay
BY NORA BECKER
NEWS EDITOR ELECT
Five members of the US Women’s National Soccer team have
filed a wage-discrimination
action with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
against the US Soccer Federation.
Hope Solo, Carli Lloyd, Becky
Sauerbrunn, Alex Morgan, and
Megan Rapinoe say that the
women’s national team is paid
a quarter of what the men’s
national team earns (despite
the women generating $20
million more in total revenue
for US Soccer than the men),
therefore violating federal law.
The US Women’s National Soccer team won the FIFA
Women’s World Cup in 2015.
The final game against Japan
(final score: 5-2) became the
most watched soccer game on
an English-language television
station in the US, ever. For their
win, the team received a total
of $2 million. In 2014, the US
men’s team lost in the round of
16, but still received $9 million.
The World Cup bonuses for
first, second, or third place
also vary greatly between the
teams. For winning, women receive $75,000 each while
each man receives $390,625.

Both US national teams are
required to play twenty exhibition (friendly) games each
year. If the women’s team won
every single game, they would
earn $99,000. By contrast, if the
men’s team lost every single
game, they would earn $100,000.
Men are also paid even more
money if they play in more than
the twenty required games,
while the women are paid noth-

ing for extra games. Goalie Hope
Solo said, “We are the best in the
world, have three World Cup
championships, four Olympic
championships, and the men
get paid more to just show up
than we get paid
to win major
championships.”

Lawyer Jeffrey
Kessler is representing the women’s team. He SO CCER
has worked with
NEWS
multiple athletes
and their respective leagues,
most recently on Tom Brady
and the Patriots’ Deflategate.
This isn’t the only case of inequity in the soccer world. The
Men’s World Cup is always
played on grass fields, while the
women play on artificial turf.
Eighty-one players from thirteen countries sued FIFA in 2014
for gender discrimination, under
the claim that playing on turf
is more dangerous (the studies
conflict). FIFA did not provide
Canada, the home of the Women’s World Cup 2015, with the
funds to provide grass fields.
According to Sports Illustrated and players from Mexico and France, FIFA threatened to not place players in
games if they did not remove
their names from the lawsuit.
The case was dropped in early 2015, and the 2019 Women’s
World Cup will be played in
France, on natural grass. 
In late
March, Solo and Lloyd appeared
on the Today Show to go public with their complaints. Solo
said, “We continue to be told we
should be grateful just to have the
opportunity to play professional
soccer, to get paid for doing it.”

LJ Baseball Takes Petco
La Jolla pulls through a legendary win
BY MAIA PEARL
STAFF WRITER
On Monday, April 18th, after
being rained out and rescheduled, the LJHS baseball team
played at Petco Park against
Point Loma High School. The
boys have had a 15-4 season record, while PL has had a 8-9 season record. As you can assume,
they were expecting an easy win.
Although the beginning of the
game didn’t exactly go according
to plan. Point Loma scored twice
in the first inning and again in
the sixth. Meanwhile, La Jolla
only scored once in the third inning. The score remained at 3-1
until the seventh inning. The final inning had the crowd on the
edge of their seats.
The first batter, Trenton Fudge
started out the team with a single
up the middle, and Johnny Agbulos followed his lead by hitting
another single past Point Loma’s center fielder. This brought
Fudge home and Agbulos made it
safely to third base. Point Loma
then exchanged their pitcher, he
balked and this brought Agbulos
home, tying up the game 3-3. The
next 2 batters got out. Ben Win-

Photos via Betsy Mueller

tringer hit another single up the
middle and made it on base. Following the trend, Garrett Brown
hit yet another single up the
middle. This led Wintringer to
second and Brown on first. Point
Loma switched out their pitcher
a second time. Finally, Zach Sehgal hit a walk off single up the
middle which brought Wintring-

er home for the win.
Garrett Brown, the main
catcher, believes the team kept
their energy up very high and
stayed positive. He says the team
played a great defensive game
and at the end pulled through to
achieve a legendary win.

SPORTS

5

June 3, 2016

Spring Sports Recap

Photos via Betsy Mueller

Vikings spring into action for the 2016 season
BY JAMES IRWIN
NEWS EDITOR ELECT
We are in the midst of spring,
which means that spring sports
are here. Sports are a great way
to stay involved at school and
bond with other athletes involved. There are a number of
sports going on right now, all of
which are exciting to watch.
Listing all that are currently
taking place, there are Badminton, Baseball, Softball, Boys’
Golf, Boys’ Tennis, Boys’/Girls’
Lacrosse, Track and Field, Swim/
Dive, Archery, and Boys’ Volleyball.
The baseball team has had
an exciting year, having beaten Point Loma in a comeback
game while playing at Petco
Park. The softball team has also
been crushing their competition,
beating teams like Cathedral and
Madison.
Badminton has had lots of

stars this year, including Junior
Audrey Chan, who won 1st place
in the women’s singles division
at the recent Serra Varsity Tournament.
Archery has also shown
strong performances this year,
for example placing highly in the
California State Archery Championship.
Boys’ Lacrosse has had a great
year, blowing teams like Mira
Mesa, Country Day, and Saints
out of the water. Girls’ Lacrosse
has shown similar prowess, taking out teams like Bishops, San
Diego High, and Mission Bay.
Boys’ Golf has been doing fantastic, winning this year’s Western League championships with
Quesnell at the helm.
The Dive team has seen unprecedented growth this year,
with several rookie players shining. Junior Abby Ward for example, a first time diver, has placed
in all of her competitions and

earned a starting spot on varsity.
The Swim team has been making waves as well. This year, they
won the city conference, wrestling away the title away from
Cathedral. Junior Dominick Wallace broke the record for the 100
back, and a team of LJHS girls
beat the 200 free relay record.
Track and Field, which recently received several new coaches,
has had many exemplary athletes. The Roberson sisters, Satori, Sakura, and Sierra, all stars
on the team, show how friendly
sibling competition can bring
out the best in each other.
Boys’ Volleyball has bested
several very high level teams,
like the famous Kamehameha
Prep School that comes every
year from Hawaii.
This season has been great for
the Vikings, and as it continues,
there will surely be many more
victories. Be sure to come out
and support our Vikes!

Photo via Helen Lee

ZIKA vs. Athletes

Tough decisions ahead of Rio 2016
BY KIERAN BAUMAN
SENIOR EDITOR

Congratulations
to the

Class of 2016!

With the Center for Disease
Control’s and WHO’s (World
Health Organization) recent
statements that ZIKA is a considerable threat to pregnant
women, multiple Olympic athletes have considered (or gone
forth) with dropping out of the
games.
ZIKA is a virus that causes the
fetus to develop microcephaly, a
debilitating condition that limits
the amount the skull can grow.
This leads to babies with small,
shrunken-like heads.
Brain damage can result from
the now cramped cranial cavityreduced intelligence and mental
retardation are extremely common in most cases. There is no
cure, and it is nearly impossible
to restore the cranium to it’s normal shape.
ZIKA is especially dangerous
for pregnant women; transmitted by mosquitos, a woman with
the ZIKA virus in them is more
likely to have a baby with microcephaly than one without. Yet,
there’s even more risk.
Even a woman who isn’t
pregnant, but is still bitten by a
mosquito infected with ZIKA,
can still have a baby with the
life-crippling conditions.
Recently, the CDC also classified ZIKA as an STD; a man
bitten by a mosquito with ZIKA
could pass on the virus to his offspring.
ZIKA is hard to detect, as it
produces little to no side effects.

Those infected will not report
any major symptoms, and will
only find out of the virus in them
when ultrasound images reveal
a fetus with developing microcephaly.
Olympic athletes, both men
and women, are rapidly dropping out of the 2016 Rio games.
Alan Ashley, chief of sport
performance for the USA team,
said, “Our main emphasis is to
communicate and educate...
In the end, it has got to be the
athlete’s’ decision.” While some
women feel the urge to represent
their country, many other young
women feel that they will want
to start a family later in life, and
therefore fear the security of
their children’s health.
Adam Scott, an Australian
golfer ranked 7th in the PGA
rankings, told Sydney Morning Herald, “Clearly traditional
Olympic athletes are in a very
awkward situation.
They’ve trained so hard for this
and it is everything that they’ve
dreamed of and for a health epidemic to get in the way, I understand why they are still trying to
go...”. Scott has said he will not
be attending the games, saying
that the WHO statement on the
disease has convinced him not to
attend.
There’s an overall fear amongst
the event that perhaps, after the
games have ended, there will be
a massive explosion of babies
born with a condition that will
either cripple their lives, or end
them.

NEWS

6

ljhitide.com

June 3, 2016

GRIEVANCES (cont.)
the principal.
Once the grievance reaches the third level, the principal
is no longer involved, and the
parties now meet directly with
an agent from the SDUSD Labor Relations department. The
district will make a decision or
work out a compromise.
From there, if the teacher is
still not satisfied with the outcome of his/her grievance, the
complaint will reach level four,
whereby the district and the
union mutually agree on a state
contract mediator who will arbitrate a decision. This could
take years, and if the conflict is
still not resolved the teacher can
go to California PERB (Public
Employment Relations Board)
or file a lawsuit.
The large volume of grievances against LJHS administration
since Dr. Podhorsky became
principal - which some say indicates a pattern of disregard for
the contract between the SDEA
and the SDUSD - have concerned some teachers at La Jolla
High.

A survey conducted among
teachers found that 50% of
school staff disagreed with the
statement, “As a member of the
faculty and staff of La Jolla High
School, I feel safe,” which referenced both physical safety and
job safety.
The survey, which was leaked
to online district watchdog
Frank Engle, proved to be very
negative in its views of LJHS’s
current administration. 50% of
teachers also responded that
they thought student safety had
fallen in the past year.
Last year, sources told the HiTide that Dr. Podhorsky tried
to improperly excess three staff
members. “Excessing” is the
process of reducing the number
of teachers at a school as a result
of smaller student enrollment in
specific classes or, overall, at the
school and very specific SDUSD
policies exist to govern it.
The teachers involved were
told that they would be excessed
for the 2015-2016 school year
(that is, they would no longer be
teaching at LJHS), but all three

were technically ineligible to
be excessed because they had
seniority within their departments and/or credentials to
teach other subjects beyond the
class they normally taught.
The teachers filed grievances,
and at a “level three” meeting,
it was revealed that paperwork
had not even been filed for two
of the three teachers. All three
educators remain at LJHS and
taught classes this year.
In other complaints against
administration, teachers have
demanded that LJHS policy
be followed in regards to the
process for parent complaints
against teachers.
According to the Student Issue Resolution Guide, parents
and students are to take up
complaints with teachers before
moving up the ladder (to a counselor or LJHS administration).
This guide can be found on page
13 of the student planner.
Regardless, when any complaint is received by the principal or district, the contract
stipulates that teachers must
be “promptly” notified of the

content and the identity of complainant. According to Section
14.12.2 of the contract, teachers have a right to know who
is making a complaint against
them. Anonymous complaints
are generally not valid.
Additionally, faculty undergoing “discipline” by the administration have a right to
review the statement placed in
their employment file and issue
a written response (14.11.1 to
14.11.4).
Teachers interviewed by the
Hi-Tide expressed an overall
disappointment with what they
perceived as a lack of uniform
policy, leadership, and enforcement of discipline on campus.
In a June 2015 survey, 78% of
the 59 teachers who participated disagreed with the statement,
“Staff is motivated and morale is
high.”
LJHS faculty loudly voiced
their concerns in a heated meeting to Area Superintendent Mitzi Merino before the start of this
school year, and teachers say
her involvement has helped improve campus conditions since

the survey was taken; another
survey for the 2015-2016 year is
currently in the works.
In May 2016, Merino and
Superintendent Cindy Marten
were contacted by several LJHS
teachers to draw their attention to alleged violations of the
SDEA contract. A grievance,
along with other complaints,
including Mrs. Zink’s, remain
unresolved.
In being asked to comment
on these issues, Dr. Podhorsky
replied by e-mail to the Hi-Tide:
“I will continue to seek feedback for staff, students and parent groups to improve upon my
own practice. I believe that is
important for all of us to model.”
While he wrote that he was
unable to comment on specific
teacher grievances, Dr. Podhorsky did say that he was “very
proud of the work we have done
together at La Jolla High and attribute that success to our outstanding teaching staff, rigorous
course of study, amazingly hard
working students and our highly engaged community.”

COMPUTER (cont.)

The La Jolla High School Varsity Academic League students are the San Diego County
Champions for the second year in a row. The final score was 105-112 against Olympian
High School.
Photo via Betsy Mueller

“I’ll give you an example;
currently, AP computer science
only has 33 students requesting
that course, so we wouldn’t offer 4 sections for 33 kids, that
would only be one section…
if nobody’s requesting the
course then the teacher can’t be
paid to teach it. So if we have
6 sections, 5 sections, worth
of students requesting those
courses, then we will do everything we can to put a teacher
in place that fills 5 sections.”

Rumors
of
the
program’s demise may have
impacted
enrollment.
Mr. Volger said the LJHS
computer classes are important because they expose

students to interests or career paths that they had perhaps never considered before.
As the nationwide push for
STEM (Science, Technology,
Engineering, and Mathematics) edcuation grows, demand
at most schools has grown.
LJHS is currently expanding
it’s own STEM initiative with
the Bioscience Center of Excellence at La Jolla High, which
may break ground this summer.
“Everybody should have a
chance to just be exposed to
[computer science],” Mr. Volger said, “and if you like it, you
can go on. If you know it’s not
your cup of tea you can go on
in a different direction.”

Presidential Race Narrows; Tensions Rise
BY BROOKE KAUFMAN
A&E EDITOR ELECT
As the July Democratic and Republican National Conventions
draw near, both parties’ candidates continue to battle each other for delegates
and the popular ELECTION
2016
vote.
On April 19,
primaries were held in the state
of New York. After a heavy
amount of campaigning from
both sides, Donald Trump and
Hillary Clinton managed to secure victories in their respective
parties. In the Republican race,
Trump walked away with 60.4%
of the popular vote and 89 delegates, leaving John Kasich in second with 25.1% and 4 delegates,
and Ted Cruz in an unsurprising
third with 14.5% and no delegates, after his disastrous campaign efforts in the Empire State.
On the Democratic side, Clinton managed to secure 58% of
the vote and 139 delegates in
her “adopted home state”, while
Bernie Sanders finished not too
far behind with 42% and 108 delegates.
Following the voting in New

York, primaries were held in
Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Indiana, Nebraska, West
Virginia, and Oregon. On the
GOP side, Donald Trump swept
all polling states, and brought his
total delegate count to 996, just
241 shy of the 1,237 delegates
needed for nomination. His competitors, Cruz and Kasich, were
left far behind in both the delegate and popular vote contests.
For the Democrats, Hillary
Clinton secured victories in four
states, and brought her total
delegate count to 2,293, leaving
her with 100 to go before she
reaches the 2,383 needed for
automatic nomination. Bernie
Sanders proved the race wasn’t
quite over after he pulled off
wins in Rhode Island, Indiana,
West Virginia, and Oregon, and
secured victories in both the delegate and popular vote contests.
Sanders managed to raise his
delegate count to 1,533, however, that number still leaves him
with a considerable amount of
catching up to do. The two tied
in Kentucky.
Most recently, the Indiana primary on May 3 greatly impacted

the presidential race. After yet
another victory by Trump, Ted
Cruz announced his decision to
officially suspend his campaign.
Speaking to a crowd of supporters in the Hoosier state, Cruz
said, “I'm sorry to say it appears
that path has been foreclosed.
Together we left it all on the field
in Indiana...the voters chose
another path.” Ohio governor
John Kasich also dropped out
on May 4 after only winning the
Ohio primary and amassing 160
delegates. In his campaign suspension speech he said, “I have
renewed faith, deeper faith, that
the Lord will show me the way
forward, and fulfill the purpose
of my life.”
On the Democratic side, Bernie
Sanders managed to pull of a narrow victory in Indiana, in both
the popular vote and delegate
count competitions. And while
this win might serve as a moral boost for Sanders’ campaign,
Clinton’s polling of around 45%
of the vote means, because of the
Democrats’ proportional allocation rules, Sanders and Clinton
are likely to essentially split Indiana’s 92 delegates — meaning
the victory won’t help Sanders

cut into Clinton’s big delegate
lead.
In other election news, Trump
surprised many when, on April
21, he criticized North Carolina’s recently passed HB2, which
among other things, bars government from establishing or mandating transgender bathroom
accommodation. At the Today
show’s town hall that Thursday,
Trump said, “North Carolina did
something that was very strong,
and they’re paying a big price,
and there’s a lot of problems.”
Furthermore, after recently facing heavy setbacks in the election
process, specifically in the race to
secure delegates, Bernie Sanders
has begun taking extreme measures in a last-ditch effort to save
his campaign. After being left
battered by four defeats in the
April 26 primaries, and narrowly
pulling off a win in the Indiana
primary on May 3, Sanders has
announced plans to lay off hundreds of campaign staffers across
the country, and focus much of
his remaining effort on winning
the June 7 California primary.
Speaking for Sanders’ campaign,
a representative had this to say,
”We no longer require many of

the loyal and dedicated state and
national support staffers who
helped us in places like New
York, Connecticut, Rhode Island,
Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania and other states where the
nominating contests have been
completed.” The fact that Sanders
is planning to dismiss large portions of his staff shows his own
growing skepticism on whether
or not he might manage to win
the Democratic nomination at
the Convention in July.
Overall, with the California
primary date looming, campaigns in both parties are gearing up for a major showdown in
the Golden State. Donald Trump
has already managed to stir up
controversy, as was shown by
the hundreds of demonstrators
who descended on the California
Republican National Convention April 29 to protest Trump
ahead of his speech. Protesters,
some of whom wore bandanas
over their faces and carried Mexican flags, were later slammed
by the GOP frontrunner as being “thugs and criminals.”

NEWS

7

June 3, 2016

Mississippi Schools Ordered to Desegregate
BY ZOE MENDEL
OPINIONS EDITOR ELECT
The Supreme Court case Brown
v. Board of Education declared in
1954 that the concept of “separate but equal” schools was unconstitutional. The case resulted
in the federal order to desegregate all schools, combining both
the student body population
and funding for each districts’
schools.
In Cleveland, Bolivar County,
Mississippi, the Illinois Central
Railroad runs through the school
district, serving as a boundary
between the poor and wealthy

sides of town. In other words, the
black and white sides of town.
On the East side of the tracks, the
school systems are virtually all
black. Schools like Cypress Park
Elementary, Nailor Elementary,
D.M. Smith Middle School, and
East Side High School accommodate most of the students from
the East side of the tracks, where
67% of students are black. On the
other hand, schools that have
20% more white students are on
the other side, Parks Elementary,
Margaret Green Junior High, and
Cleveland High School.
This case has been in the court
system for more than 50 years.
Bolivar County has had 131

claims filed by parents, faith
leaders, former teachers, and
coaches throughout 2012-2015.
The first filed action occurred 11
years after the Brown v. Board
decision. Holmes Adams, the Bolivar County attorney, has made
no comment, despite requests
from news networks like CNN.
However, Vanita Gupta, the head
of the Justice Department’s Civil
Rights branch states, “Delaying
desegregation obligations is both
unacceptable and unconstitutional.”
The federal solution to this
problem was to consolidate both
the middle and high schools
in the 2016-2017 school year.

Solar-Powered Plane
Flies Around the World
BY JIMMY IRWIN
NEWS EDITOR ELECT

Bertand Piccard is on a mis-

sion. He has set out to change
how the world views energy by
flying around the world in a completely solar-powered airplane.
He and the team responsible for
designing and maintaining the
plane want to set an example of
what is possible when using solar power.
The plane, called “Solar Impulse 2,” is unique. Having a
wingspan bigger than that of a
Boeing 747 but weighing only as
much as a car, it can carry only
one person at a time: the pilot.
Its wingspan is covered in
solar panels to maximize the
amount of energy it can harness. Though its mission started
from North Africa in 2015, it was

stalled due to problems with its
batteries; it is now back and fully functional after nine months
of repairs. It recently flew from
Oahu, Hawaii to Mountain View,
California. Naturally, most people think that such a flight would
take about five hours. However,
this plane took its sweet time.
Where a normal passenger jet
travels at 500-600 miles per hour
on average, the Solar Impulse 2
has an average speed of 65, according to wired.com. Instead
of five hours, it took Piccard
two and a half days to make the
flight. This is because the plane is
using only the power of the sun
to power its four propellers.
Piccard and his co-pilot Andre
Borschberg acknowledge this
problem. However, in an interview with Wired, they point out
one of the major advantages the

However, parents feared a loss
of choice in which school their
children attend, therefore limiting choices of athletics, extra-curriculars, and classes. The
district came up with two proposals. Plan A was to give every
student a choice in which school
they attend on a first-come,
first-served basis. Judge Debra
Brown, who was ruling the case,
condemned this method on the
grounds that freedom of choice
has been troublesome in the
past. Plan B was to combine all
schools into one elementary, one
middle, and one high school. The
empty buildings would be used
for local partnerships in science,

technology, math, and engineering. Judge Brown declared this
unacceptable because combining
the schools would take too long.
Cleveland is not alone in terms
of delaying desegregation; some
of the highest black student
concentrations are in the south,
including Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, South Carolina,
Maryland, and Alabama. New
York and California also have a
primarily white student body in
their public school systems. In
many of these states, complaints
about equality in the school systems have been filed.

NASA Blasting Off Into New
Territories
plane does have over most conventional aircraft. Since it relies
only on the power of the sun to
operate, it can hypothetically
stay in the air forever. Of course,
the pilots must come down every
few days to restock and get out
of the Smart car-sized cabin, but
the point is obvious: solar/electric power has great potential to
change aviation.
After the pilots restock in
California, they will keep flying across America. After that,
they’ll make a trans-Atlantic
flight to Europe, and eventually
fly to North Africa to complete
their journey. They hope to
make a mark on the public mind
about what solar power can offer
us. And they are doing it all in
a space not much larger than a
bathroom stall.
A photo of Mars taken by the Hubble Space
Telescope in 2013
Photo via NASA

borne-telescope called Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared
Astronomy (SOFIA) has detected
NASA’s Kepler mission has atomic oxygen in Mars’ atmoverified the existence of 1,284 sphere. SOFIA, a joint project
planets. Of these newly discov- of NASA and the German Aeroered planets, around 550 are space Center, flew above Earth’s
rocky planets like Earth, and atmosphere and used a telescope
nine orbit in a “habitable zone” 100 inches in diameter to remotemeaning the surface tempera- ly observe wavelengths of Mars’
ture allows liquid
oxygen. In the
water. The addition
1960s and 70s,
of those nine makes
NASA’s Viking
May has been an
21 potentially habMariner
eventful month for and
itable planets.
missions meanew galactic
Since 2009, the
sured
minute
Kepler
telescope
information
amounts of oxyhas been monitorgen on Mars.
ing thousands of
But SOFIA’s
stars in the sky, tracking their discovery doesn’t necessarily
brightness. A drop in the level of mean humans can inhabit Mars
brightness means that potential today. Atomic oxygen is a just
planets have crossed in front of one atom, while humans need
the stars. Using this technique, O2, a two-atom molecule. If
Kepler found 4,302 possible plan- atomic oxygen reacts with O2,
ets. To be officially classified as ozone is created, which proa “validated planet,” the signal tects the planet from ultraviolet
must have at least a 99% proba- radiation. Understanding the
bility of planet-hood, determined precise levels of atomic oxygen
by statistical analysis and simu- and ozone in the Martian atmolations. This leaves 1,327 poten- sphere is vital to determining
tial planets needing more exam- how friendly Mars would be to
ination, and 707 as false signals subsurface-dwelling microbes,
or other phenomena.
according to SOFIA’s director of
May has been an eventful month outreach programs Dana Backfor new galactic information. A man.
modified Boeing 747-turned-airBY NORA BECKER
NEWS EDITOR ELECT

BMW Reveals Futuristic Car

“Vision Next 100” shows potential of automotive technology
BY LUCY BARTON
STAFF WRITER
The future seems to have come
to life in the new “Car of Tomorrow” that BMW has designed,
called the Vision Next 100.
The new self-driving car, designed to celebrate BMW’s 100th
anniversary, is built around a
core that allows the driver to
have as much or as little control over the car as they desire.
The car was displayed at a BMW
event in Munich, but for the time
being the car “mostly does not
exist,” according to WIRED. The

vehicle is still very much under
development.
The car includes a Siri-like addition called “Companion” that
gives information to the passengers when the car when the car
is essentially in autopilot, “letting them know what the car is
about to do before it does it.” The
car has two main driving modes,
Boost and Ease. Boost means
the car feeds information from
the dashboard to the windshield
to provide information (such as
speed) and driving suggestions
to the driver to improve safety
and performance. On the oth-

er hand, Ease would mean the
car fully goes on autopilot and
drives itself, retracting the steering wheel while the seats turn
around and allow passengers to
face each other.
"It is a highly customized vehicle that is perfectly tailored to
suit the driver’s changing needs,"
BMW said. "So our objective
with the BMW Vision Next 100
was to develop a future scenario
that people would engage with."
BMW plans to display the Vision Next 100 with a promotional tour in China, London, and the
USA.

8

EXCURSIONS
June 3, 2016

ljhitide.com

An International Year

Lexe McCally describes her gap year adventures
BY GEORGIE MORRIS,
JIMMY IRWIN, AND
JESSICA PENNER
STU-FO EDITOR ELECT, NEWS
EDITOR ELECT, STAFF WRITER
Lexe McCally was in her senior year at La Jolla High school,
she was feeling like many of
her peers, she was looking at a
wide range of colleges not really
knowing what she wanted. She
wanted to do some soul searching and figure out what she
wanted to do with her life. She
decided that she needed to take
some time off from school and
see what the world outside of La
Jolla had to offer.
She connected with the World
Wide Opportunities on Organic
Farms Organization (WWOOF),
which allowed her to travel to

New Zealand.
There, she worked on a bee
farm and in return got free food
and lodging. She learned some
of the realities of farm life, as
she was assigned mostly menial work, and the tasks that
the owners didn’t want to do
themselves. After the bee farm,
she moved to a “permaculture”
farm. Permaculture farms, which
are largely experimental, aim to
grow plants in a way that they
will take care of themselves.
She said that she wasn’t able
to bathe thoroughly for three
weeks. Instead of driving her
crazy, the lack of bathing opportunities actually made her
believe that she doesn’t need
all of the amenities that we are
used to in the first world. She
only planned to stay there for

6 months, but then, since the
country is so small, she felt that
she had seen everything she had
wanted to there.
After this realization, she decided to chase cheap flights to
anywhere she could find and
contact friends also abroad. She
caught a flight to Spain, and
stayed there for two weeks.
She felt that the culture was so
different from what she’d seen in
America and New Zealand, and
was refreshed by it. From there,
she went to Paris, France one
week before the attacks. After
that, went to Portugal for the
weekend. She planned on heading back to Paris, but the attacks
took place, and the borders were
shut down.
This forced her to stay in Portugal for a month altogether.

PAID ADVERTISEMENT

Ironically, it ended up being her
favorite place, because it was
“exciting and beautiful.” After
her time in Portugal, she caught
a flight to Australia. Though she
was enchanted by its natural
beauty, she didn’t feel as culturally enriched as by Portugal.
After one week in Australia, she
came back to the States.
Her parents noticed more
maturity in her. She thinks that
traveling made her path clearer.
Show she is applying to a school
in Denver, Colorado.
In high school, she wanted to
either professionally be an artist,
or an alternative healer/therapist.
After her international experiences, she realized that she could
combine the two.

Photos via Lexe McCally

PAID ADVERTISEMENT
June 3, 2016

9

10

STUDENT FOCUS

ljhitide.com

11

June 3, 2016

My First Concert Was...
Interviews and photos courtesy of: Jimmy Irwin, Mitchell Itkin, Jade Moujaes, Jessica Penner, and Ross Shephard

Joespeh Gergurich
Metallica

Angela Parra (9)
Gerardo Ortiz

Evan Brown (9)
Foo Fighters

Berkley Miesfeld (10)
Jonas Brothers

Erin Love (12)
Miley Cyrus

Jack Schreibma
n (11)
J Cole

Shelly Villegas
Metallica

Gabriella Cabrera (11)
Drake Bell

)
Naseli Urbano (9
One Direction

Angela Batakovic (9)
Maroon 5

Hannelore Manriquez(12)
Black Eyed Peas

Caitlin Wisco (9)
Cheetah Girls

Nikki Schroeder (11)
Pussy Cat Dolls

Ben Steigerwalt (12)
Darius Rucker

Crystal Alatorre (11)
Tyler the Creator

Ms. K
Natalie Merchant

Mazzie Tomaiko (12)
The Black Keys

Ashlie Ramos (11)
Warped Tour

Andrea Conrriquez (11)
Demi Lavato

Anna Skillman (10)
91 X

Yassi Mesri (10)
Cheetah Girls

Mr. Kinsel
Dizzy Gillespie

Tanner Ruane (10)
Chainsmokers

Jake Harvey (12)
Slightly Stoopid

12

PHOTOJOURNALISM
June 3, 2016

Deception

1

2

3

5

4

6

7

8
9
10

Photos 2, 6, 9, and 10 courtesy of Max Davey
Photos 3, 4, and 5 courtesy of Alexa Kideys
Photos 1, 7, and 8 courtesy of Parker Repp

CARTOONS

13

June 3, 2016

Courtesy of Tanner Ford

Courtesy of Tanner Ford
Courtesy of Rebecca Ryan

FEATURES

14

ljhitide.com

June 3, 2016

The Authors of La Jolla

Talk to a Swede

Wordsmiths love to write from the Jewel

“The Swedish Number” connects anyone to a
Swede on demand

BY ALEXA KIDEYS
PHOTO EDITOR ELECT

BY NORA BECKER
NEWS EDITOR ELECT

Famous writers such as Dr.
Seuss, Anne Rice, and Raymond
Chandler all have something in
common: they’ve all been residents in our beautiful town of La
Jolla.
Amongst all of the celebrities
emerging from La Jolla, several
authors residing in or from our
jewel of a town have released
books in the past two years.
The writers who have emerged
with a new book include, but
are not limited to, Alan Russell,
Harley Taich Rose, and a team
of writers: Trevor Barber, Justin
Barber, Peter Kolias, and Simon
Sandoval.
Alan Russell, a bestselling
mystery and crime novelist, published his most recent work A
Cold War in October of 2015. The
novel revolves around protagonist Nina Granville who’s business trip to Alaska goes wrong
when she is abducted without
notice by a mountain main who
calls himself Baer.
Trevor Barber, Justin Barber,
Peter Kolias and Simon Sandoval
have all joined together to write
and release the fifth book in their
fantasy series, The Curseborn
Saga: Soldier Games as of February 24th, 2016.
According to the La Jolla
Light, “The Curseborn Saga explores the myth of Eiendrahk,
the never-ending war between
the Goddess of Life and the God
of Death, in a world of fantasy.”

Sweden recently got its very
own phone number, the first in
the world to do so. The country’s
tourism association launched
“The Swedish Number,” where
anyone in the world can call and
talk to a Swede. The project is
supposed to trigger curiosity
about Sweden and its culture.
Any person living in Sweden
can register to be an “ambassador” - all it takes is to download
an app, and wait for a call.
According to the Swedish
Tourist Association’s website
(as of May 9), more than 139
thousand calls have been placed
to Sweden since the number’s
launch on April 6, from 180 different countries.
I called Sweden with three
friends (one of whom actually
speaks Swedish) on Monday,
April 25, at about 7:30 PM Swedish time. We were connected to
eighteen-year-old Ebba studying
sociology and communication,
and living in Sweden’s second
largest city of Gothenburg. She
seemed to be afraid of offending
us as Americans, but did confess
that she was “not a fan of Trump
or racists in general.”
She told us that she enjoyed
puns, and that Gothenburg is
actually known as the Swedish
city of puns (a Google search
confirmed that Swedes as a

The team of writers plan to attend Comic Con this year in San
Diego just as they had done last
year in 2015.
Last but not least is Harley
Taich Rose, who has come out
with a new children’s book entitled “Heads Up!” The Story of Finn
and Reef.
The story is about a young
boy’s struggle with recovery
after gaining a head injury and
teaches how keeping a positive
outlook is necessary in order to
move forward in life.
Taich’s book has been funded

Theodor Geisel, better
known as childrens book
author Dr. Seuss
Photo via Library of Congress

over kickstarter.com since 2015
and has finally gone through
the publication process with the
books about to hit the market
any day now.
With La Jolla’s rich literary
heritage, it will be exciting to see
what our local authors come up
with next!

whole like puns). Ebba didn’t
answer our question about
American stereotypes, saying, “I
don’t want to piss you off!” but
said that a Swedish stereotype
is that all Swedes are quiet and
reserved. We of course asked her
about IKEA and Swedish meatballs. In response, she said that
she’s never tried IKEA meatballs,
but that their vegetarian pizza is
really good. We spent some time
talking about noodles shaped
like moose heads, and then she
asked if “moose heads” was
grammatically correct, a reminder that the English language is
one of the hardest to learn (she
spoke it perfectly).
On the topic of food, I brought
up the candy Swedish Fish. Ebba
had heard of them, but never actually eaten any. Overall, it was
a lot of fun speaking to a person
halfway across the world. In the
midst of the stress of APs, it was
nice to be reminded that there’s
a bigger world out there, with so
much to discover.
Sweden is no stranger to using technology to connect the
common Swedish person to the
rest of the world. The country
has its own Twitter account (@
sweden). In 2011, the account
became citizen-run. Each week,
it’s taken over by a different,
randomly chosen Swedish citizen, who is free to tweet about
whatever they like, as often as
they like.

Benefits of Coconut Oil
BY ASHA ALAGIRI
FEATURES EDITOR ELECT
Coconut oil has recently exploded because of the vast amount of uses and benefits it can provide. First used for cooking, it has now become a part of regimes for health,
digestion, skin care, hair care, and can improve immunity against infections and diseases. Coconut oil was originally used in the tropics and now is very popular in the
US and UK.
The oil is a very effective moisturizer for the body and face and is said to prolong the onset of wrinkles and sagging. Coconut oil has also been used to treat various skin
issues including psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections. In fact, coconut is the basis of many popular skin care products.
Coconut oil is also a very popular product for the hair. It can be applied to the scalp and hair to increase hair health and prevent hair loss. Most commonly used as a
conditioner, the oil provides essential proteins for nourished and strong hair. Here are a few other uses for coconut oil:

Coconut oil can be used to remove makeup: taking a small amount and rubbing it straight onto your skin can effectively remove makeup.
Coconut oil also has dental benefits: taking a spoonful of coconut oil and swirling it in your mouth for 20 minutes can lead to
fresher breath, whiter teeth, and healthier gums because of its antifungal and antibacterial properties.
Apply coconut oil as a lip moisturizer.
The oil can be mixed with sugar or sea salt as an all natural body scrub.
This can also be used as a hair mask to promote healthier hair: apply coconut oil from root tip, leave it in for about an hour or
even overnight, and then wash out.
By mixing coconut oil and baking soda, a homemade toothpaste can be created.
It can also be used as a shaving cream: rub onto skin and then shave normally and rinse off.
Coconut oil can be swapped out for butter or other cooking oils for a healthier meal.
Coconut oil can be made into a shampoo by mixing it with apple cider vinegar.
Replace your WD-40 with coconut oil for an easy and natural alternative.
Remove gum from hair or fabric by rubbing the oil onto an affected area to lift the gum.

Photo via Robert Wetzlmayr

FEATURES

15

June 3, 2016

Before You Graduate...

RECIPE OF THE MONTH

French Toast

Two recipes: one for the kitchen novice and
one for the advanced chef

An LJHS senior’s bucket list
BY SOPHIA DORFSMAN
SENIOR EDITOR

1

“Get a blue slip”

12 Paint the

senior benches

21 Day Trip to LA

Photo via Ralph Daily

BY JULIA WALTON
FEATURES EDITOR ELECT

2 eggs
1 teaspoon vanilla
⅔ cup milk
4 slices of bread

Batter:
2 eggs
1 tablespoon heavy cream
½ teaspoon cinnamon
½ teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon vanilla
2 tablespoons butter
Glaze:
4 ounces cream cheese, softened
¼ cup granulated sugar
¼ cup heavy cream
½ teaspoon cinnamon
½ teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon vanilla
powdered sugar (optional) for
dusting the tops of bread

Instructions:

Instructions:

As daunting as French Toast
may sound, it’s a meal that truly
anybody can conquer. If you’re
not much of a cook, or if you’ve
made half the recipes out there,
here are two ways to make
French Toast to cater to both
skill levels.

Ingredients:

First, turn your pan on so it
can heat up, then grab a shallow
glass pan to make the batter in.
If you don’t have that, just
get a small bowl then a plate to
transfer the contents to when
you’re ready to dip the bread.
Next, start by cracking your
eggs then adding the milk and
vanilla into your bowl and
whisking.
Spread butter (or oil) on your
pan and dip the bread into the
batter and place on the heated
pan.
Flip the bread when it’s golden
brown on the bottom then do the
same to the opposite side. Transfer to your plate when it’s done
and use powdered sugar, maple
syrup, or whatever you desire to
top it off and enjoy!

22 Go to at least one

Ingredients:

Cream all the ingredients together for the glaze, in a medium
mixing bowl.
Set aside.
Heat a large skillet or frying
pan on medium to high heat.
As it’s heating up, combine the
eggs, heavy cream, cinnamon,
nutmeg, and vanilla in a mixing
bowl with a whisk.
Dip the bread in and lay on
the pan, flipping when golden
brown.
Spread a spoonful of cream
cheese glaze onto each side of
the hot french toast and top with
powdered sugar or any other
toppings you desire. Enjoy!

2

Potato Chip Rock

13 Devil’s Punch Bowl

homecoming &
ASB Ball

14 Participate in Senior

Prank and ditch day

15 Gradnite
3 Go to local concerts

23 Torrey Pines Hike
24 Day trip to Mexico

4 Adobe Falls

16 Salvation Mountain

25 100 Steps Beach in

5 VG Donuts

17 Tacos el Gordo

26 Get food delivered

8 Beach Camping

18 Go to the film festival

27 Go to Coachella

9 Road trip to Big Sur

19 Ice skating at the

28 Julian Pie

Laguna

to school

6 Ask someone to a
dance

7

Kiss your best friend

How to “Spring Clean” Right
BY JADE MOUJAES
STAFF WRITER
Spring cleaning is more than
just cleaning out your room, it
can also apply to revitalizing
your entire life. It’s nice to start
anew every once in awhile and
find new ways to reinvent your
lifestyle. Here are a few steps for
cleaning out the old and inviting
in the new.
Although cleaning up your
room is not the only part of
spring cleaning, it sure is a good
place to start.
Rearrange your room to best
utilize the space. It may be hard
to move your heavy dresser, but
it will be worth it when you find
it gives you more space to walk
around.
Add some mirrors in your
room to give the illusion that
your living space is bigger than
it is.
Next, empty out every bag you
own. You will be surprised at the
amount of money and miscellaneous trinkets that you’ll find in
the random pockets in your bags.
Now that your room is spar-

kling clean, it is time to rev up
your social life. Go through all
your social media accounts and
please, for everyone’s benefit,
delete all your old statuses and
over-edited selfies from your
dark days.
Cleaning out your online profiles will better guarantee that
future employers and potential
friends will view you in the light
that you want to be seen in.
Write a resume; getting a
job over the summer is a smart
move because you will be able
to do more fun things during the
upcoming school year. Just remember how expensive Coachella tickets are.
If you have a toxic friend who
is manipulative or mean, get rid
of them. It is of course easier
said than done, but realizing that
you’re only responsible for your
own happiness will make it easier to let go of people who do not
contribute to your positivity.
Remember to have fun while
cleaning, bump some Beyonce
and pretend the trash in your
room is Jay-Z. Hope these tips
have helped. Happy cleaning!

Hotel Del Coronado

10 Ride in

Bueno’s
cart

29 Prank a teacher

11 Go to a drive-in
movie

20 Go to the farmer’s
market

30 Put something on the
free speech board

*These suggestions do not represent the advice, views, or opinion of the Hi-Tide as a publication.
Photos courtesy of Sophia Dorfsman, Ryan Robson, Kieran Bauman, Jordan Bowman, Asha Alagiri, and Julia Walton

INTERNATIONAL

16

June 3, 2016

ljhitide.com

ISIS (cont.)

Photo via US Navy

Russia Buzzes US Ships

US/Moscow tensions grow as aggression escalates
BY KHALIL ELEY
MANAGING EDITOR ELECT
On April 11th and 12th, two
Russian jets buzzed a US Navy
destroyer, the USS Donald Cook
in the Baltic Sea. The Russian
jets came within 30ft of the ship
during their high-speed flyovers.
Secretary of State John Kerry
stated that these actions could
have resulted in the Russian
planes being shot down. Many
applauded the professionalism
and restraint of the USS Donald

Cook’s captain for not shooting
down the Russian aircraft, even
though he was within his rights
to do so.
This isn’t the only recent episode where Russian aircraft
came close to US military assets.
On April 16th, a Russian interceptor flew within 50 feet of
an American reconnaissance
plane, which was also over the
Baltic Sea. A Pentagon spokesman stated, “There have been
repeated incidents over the past
year where Russian aircraft have

come close enough to other air
and sea traffic to raise serious
safety concerns.”
Some analysts view these aggressive actions as a means for
Russian president Vladimir Putin
to create incidents to divert attention at home away from economic problems in Russia.
Others believe Putin is also
using these incidents to send the
message that if he acted militarily in Europe, the US would not
be able to stop Russia.

TJ/SD Drug Tunnel Found

Authorities find link in marijuana and cocaine flow
BY SAM KINSEY
INTERNATIONAL ED. ELECT
An underground drug passage
that connects Mexico to the United States has been discovered.
It is believed to be one of the
largest drug tunnels, with a
length of 800 yards. It originated from a small home in Tijuana
and terminated at a warehouse
in Otay Mesa.
The tunnel contained a sophisticated rail system as well as an
elevator that could accommodate
10 people at once.
This tunnel is the 13th sophisticated passage that authorities
have found since 2006, running
from Mexico to the United States.
This tunnel was also found on a

Photo via Dept. of Justice

street where 3 other drug tunnels have been dug. Most of the
passages originate from a small
residential neighborhood in
Mexico and lead to an industrial park in Otay mesa, a mere 500
yards from the border fence.
A search of the burrow found
12 tons of marijuana and also
contained 2 tons of cocaine. 6
people where arrested in connection to the tunnel. However it
is unlikely that this will discour-

age future smuggling operations.
The San Diego and Tijuana
area is very appealing to smugglers due to the clay found in the
dirt. The combination of clay and
dirt makes passages easy to dig,
and allows them to be dug quickly without heavy machinery.
While authorities continue
to crack down on illicit border
trade, new tunnels and other
transport appear all the time.

An Australian soldier observes training of an Iraqi Brigade
to fight Islamic State last July.
Photo via U.S. Army

-work in 2010. The organization
had survived the US onslaught,
and Baghdadi had large ambitions.
Baghdadi recruited soldiers from
Saddam Hussein’s ex-forces to establish an organization in Syria.
In 2014, Islamic State (formerly
and best known as ISIS) declared
itself a caliphate, a declaration
that asserts control of all Muslims
worldwide.
That declaration drew quick
denunciations from international
Muslim leaders and peoples, who
say Islamic State does not represent their faith.
“A group simply announcing a
caliphate, is not enough to establish a caliphate,” Yusuf al-Qaradawi wrote on the International
Union of Muslim Scholars website.
Iyad Ameen Madani, Secretary
General of the Organization of
Islamic Cooperation, said Islamic
State has “nothing to do with Islam and its principles that call for
justice, kindness, fairness, freedom
of faith and coexistence.”
A Pew Research poll from November 2015 showed that nations
with large Muslim populations
overwhelmingly oppose Islamic
State.

Resources
In June 2014, Islamic State seized

control of the city of Mosul in Iraq
and began an immediate crackdown on non-followers in the region.
They offered Christians a few
options: “convert to Islam, pay a
fine, or face ‘death by the sword.’”
From Mosul, the terrorists rapidly expanded their reach - and their
hard-line rule.
As of 2014, eight million people
lived in Islamic State-controlled
territories, though US officials say
those figures have now dropped
significantly since a global coalition went on the offensive.
On May 18, Col. Steve Warren
announced that Islamic State had
lost 45% of the territory it once
controlled in Iraq and Syria.
In order to maintain its control
of these territories and attract
more converts, Islamic State requires a steady flow of capital.
The group raises billions of dollars in annual revenue from its
oil operations, its control of local
revenues such as taxes, as well as
looting and extortion.
Residents in IS-controlled areas are charged income, business,
and sales taxes, and local guards
frequently extort additional fees
or bribes for their parent organization. Islamic State’s oil business
makes $1-2 million each day. Ac-

LIFE IN MOSUL

Man on the Moon?

European Space Agency plans to set up a permanent “village” on
Earth’s moon
BY ZOE MENDEL
OPINIONS EDITOR ELECT
Have you ever felt trapped in
your current living space? Want
to find a new home that’s unique
and out of this world? The European Space Agency (ESA) has
just the place. They have recently announced plans to set up a
permanent human outpost on
the moon. The “village” is the
result of collaboration between
space-adventuring nations. It
will serve as a research facility,
business operation, mining area,
and even include tourism.
The moon village has been
planned to be open for members of the ESA, as well as other nations around the globe. Johann-Dietrich Worner, director
of the ESA, confirmed the moon
as the closest and most realistic
space for human life to succeed

on, and hinted that it may pave
the way for missions to Mars.
Worner expressed his plans for
the village at the symposium
entitled “New Generation Space
Leaders: The Future of Human
Spaceflight,” describing the
moon as being only the first step
to human missions in space. He

outpost’s purpose to the public.
Worner plans to bring a variety
of people from both public and
private sectors to ensure diversity in his village.
The ESA has helped expand
interest in moon exploration,
specifically how lunar substances can help sustain human life

I am sure humans will
go further.
- Johann Worner, Director, ESA

also mentioned that Mars was
anything but an end goal, proclaiming, “I am sure humans will
go further.”
The term “moon village” was
devised to help better explain the

on other planets, or even simple surface-exploration activity. Consequently, it has turned
space exploration on to missions
to Mars, which have been predicted to begin in the 2030s.

“I am a woman.”
Women are required to be escorted by a man, and must cover their entire body. Rape is common, and some women are
sold into the sex trade.
“I want to leave the city.”
In order to leave, citizens must pay a large fee and provide
much of their family and property as collateral. Failure to
return within three days results in the seizure of the assets
and murdering of the family.
“I am a religious minority.”
Those who do not convert have been expelled from Mosul
or have been wiped out. Any that remain face a high tax or
death. Many key historical and cultural sites for these religions have been looted and or bombed by IS.

INTERNATIONAL

17

June 3, 2016

A “Pray for Paris” vigil is held in Hong Kong. Islamic State
claimed responsibility for the 2015 terror attacks.
Photo via Bensun Ho

Secretary of State John Kerry and the anti-IS coalition
members meet at NATO Headquarters in Belgium

Former President George W. Bush and Luís Inácio Lula da Silva in 2007
Photo via Agência Brasil

cording to an in-depth report from
the Wall Street Journal, the group
controls about $289 million in total
natural resources.
While Islamic State’s oil controller Abu Sayaff was killed in a
2015 US air strike, key parts of the
group’s oil infrastructure have remanned intact. Islamic State sells
the oil it seizes at levels far beneath global prices.
In addition to these revenue
streams, the group also loots antiquities and steals cash in bank
raids and smuggles the profits
through an international network.
David Cohen, the Treasury Department’s Undersecretary for
Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, described Islamic State as
“the best-funded terrorist organization [the US] has ever confronted.”

Global Terror
August 19, 2014 marked a turning point for Islamic State.
According to Marshall Sella’s
Matter article, that’s the day when
ISIS went viral; the day when a
video appeared on YouTube with
the title “A Message to America.”
It showed American journalist James Foley, held captive by a
man dressed in black, with a small
blade against his neck. After Foley
rattles off a scripted propaganda
message, his captor begins to saw
across his neck. And the video cuts
to black.
As Sella notes, the video is a sophisticated production - a sharp
departure from the rudimentary
clips released by Al-Qaeda and
other terrorist groups.
The video’s use of multiple cameras, animation, and swift use of
social media to spread the video
underscore how capable Islamic State has become of producing
powerful propaganda.
Since the beheading video (and
its sequels) was released, IS has
utilized the internet to quickly and
cheaply spread its ideology around
the world.
The group’s propaganda wing
targets vulnerable youth on social media such as Twitter in their
native language and encourages
them to get in contact with recruiters. Three Colorado high schoolers
tried to join IS, and dozens of other
Western teens - mostly girls - have
tried to join or successfully joined
since.

State Department spokeswoman
Jen Psaki said Islamic State sends
around 90,000 Tweets every day,
which often contain messages,
videos, and images that glorify life
in Syria as an IS fighter.

The Free World
In the deluge of jihadist messaging, what role should Western
governments play in thwarting the
influence of radical propaganda
that could, at worst, spring homegrown terrorist attacks?
Attacks in Paris, Brussels, and
elsewhere by Islamic State or inspired by their ideology have set
global leaders on edge.
Islamic State’s effectiveness at
radicalizing citizens has forced
governments to make difficult
decisions in politics, immigration, and personal freedoms. National security initiatives must be
weighed against the impact to the
very civil liberties those initiatives
exist to protect.
In the wake of the Paris bombings and shootings, France declared a state of emergency that
broadly expanded police power
to censor demonstrations, censor websites, suspend the right
to a trial, and permit warrantless
searches.
More broadly, encrypted communications - used to protect personal data, corporate information
- are being attacked for their dual
use by terrorists to hide their online messages from law enforcement.
Donald Trump has said he
would be open to “close up the Internet in some way” if it prevented
any Islamic State propaganda from
reaching Americans, creating a domestic censorship system not unlike China’s. Others have proposed
setting up sprawling counter-propaganda departments; Senator
Cory Booker famously said, “Look
at [Islamic State’s] fancy memes
compared to what we’re not doing.”
Islamic State’s rapid rise has left
aging democracies scrambling to
modernize, and has forced them
to quickly calibrate a difficult balance; one between the acceptable
protection of their citizens and the
acceptable protection of their citizens’ rights.
Despite the fact that Islamic
State is losing territory, analysts
say, it has not given up its on its
quest for terror.

Petrobras Corruption
Roils Brazilian Politics
Oil giant colluded with cartel; politicians
BY ANDREA ALBANEZ
SENIOR EDITOR
The Petrobras scandal, which
came to light earlier this year
around the cartel of oil companies and government officials
who secretly money laundered
$200 million dollars, has frozen
Brazilian politics with citizens
going up in protest and outrage
for the wide scale corruption.
Petrobras Brasilerio is one of
the biggest oil giants in Latin
America, with 51% of the company being controlled by the state
government. When the company found pre-salt oilfields, oil
reserves below the ocean floor,
in 2007, the company catapulted
into becoming the sole operator
for all pre-salt mining, forming
one of the biggest corporate capital expenditure programs in the
world.
The scandal broke back in
March 2015 when Alberto
Youssef told lawyers of a bribery scheme involving the stateowned oil company Petrobras.
Starting in 2004, according to
The New York Times, “a small
number of top Petrobras officials colluded with a cartel of

companies to overcharge the oil
company for construction and
service work. The cartel would
decide which of its member companies would win a contract to,
for instance, service an oil rig
or build part of a refinery. This
fake competition was overseen
by Petrobras confederates, who
were rewarded with bribes.”
When Youssef wrote down
the members involved with the
scandal, including former Brazilian President during the time of
the scandal Luiz Inácio “Lula” de
Silva, current Brazilian President
Dilma Rousseff, 303 Congress
members, 49 Senate members,
and other shareholders involved
in the company, lawyer Adriano
Bretas told The New York Times,
“It was kind of like, in Brazil, we
know that corruption is a monster. But we never really see the
monster. This was like seeing the
monster.”
From this scandal, protests
have increased in Brazil, wanting Rousseff to be impeached.
The lower house of Congress
held a vote to impeach the current President from the Worker’s
Party on April 17th, which will
cause her to step out of office for

180 days and have Vice President
Michel Temer take her place.
Even though Rousseff is not under investigation for the scandal,
she was chairman of Petrobras
from 2003 to 2010, when much
of the alleged corruption took
place. For former President, Luiz
Inácio “Lula” de Silva, charges
have been filed against him for
money laundering, infuriating citizens because of money
laundry crimes he is accused of
while in office, which was during
one of Brazil’s worst economic
slumps.
“On March 13, at least a million people took part in nationwide protests against the government,” according to TIME.
With the scandal surrounding
both Lula and Rousseff as presidents and candidates from the
Workers Party, “it could mean
the end of 14 years of PT control
of the presidency” according to
Fortune Insiders.
Brazil, which hosted the FIFA
World Cup last year and is now
slated to host the Olympics, has
had difficulties overcoming severe economic and political difficulties.

Google vs. EU
European Commission brings antitrust charges; says Google unfairly
stifles competition by leveraging its Android OS
BY MINGZE YU
STAFF WRITER
On Wednesday, April 20th, The
European Commission issued
formal antitrust charges against
Google over claims that it abuses the dominant position of its
Android operating system. Google is accused of placing onerous
requirements on firms using Android and stifling competition.
“A competitive mobile Internet
sector is increasingly important
for consumers and businesses in
Europe.” EU antitrust commissioner Margrethe Vestager said
at press conference in Brussels
on Wednesday.
“Based on our investigation
thus far, we believe that Google’s
behavior denies consumers a

wider choice of mobile apps and
services and stands in the way
of innovation by other players,
in breach of EU antitrust rules.

We believe that Google’s behavior denies
consumers...a wider
choice in mobile...
- Margrethe Vestager
These rules apply to all companies active in Europe.”
According to the European
Commission, Google has about
a 90% share in the markets for
general Internet search services,
licensable smart mobile operating systems and app stores for
the Android mobile operating

system, making it dominant.
Ms. Vestager said the issue
was particularly important because smartphones and tablets
accounted for most global Internet traffic, and were expected to
account for even more in the future.
Google has been given twelve
weeks to respond, and, if found
guilty, the company faces a fine
and could be required to change
its practices.
Kent Walker, Google’s senior
vice president and general counsel, said: “Android has helped
foster a remarkable and, importantly, sustainable ecosystem,
based on open-source software
and open innovation. We look
forward to working with the European Commission.”

EXCURSIONS

18

ljhitide.com

June 3, 2016

“When I Was in Africa...”
by Robert J. Boyd

It seemed an innocent enough
gesture: an adolescent schoolboy
kindly handing me the book that
he was reading so that I could
take a closer look at it as I sat
there at the desk beside him. We
were in a school for orphans on
the island of Zanzibar, five teachers from San Diego on a month
long trip to Africa to soak up its
culture and then bring that culture back to our students back
home. As I looked over the book
and the lettering which I could
not understand but found so
beautiful, the boy smiled at me
and nodded, signaling in some
way that he and I had made a
cultural connection of some sort,
that he and I had begun to bridge
the gap between us to create the
beginnings of a friendship.
And then that gap closed.
“You!” yelled the teacher from
across the room, his right index finger pointed so obviously
at me and not at a misbehaving
student. And, then, a delicate
and thundering silence from everyone, as the other American
teachers turned to look at me,
each of their faces plastered with
an expression that said, “Oh,
shoot, what have you done now,
Robert?”
Yes, I was a bit of a “rebel”
while we were all in Africa, a
wild man willing to put himself
at risk to experience as fully as
possible the depth of all the different cultures that we encountered as much as I could. Ugandan, Indian, Tanzanian… you
name it, I was up for it; otherwise, why come at all? But here,
in the third of so many schools
for orphans that we would visit during the course of that
life-changing month, I honestly had no clue why the teacher
was singling me out so angrily in
front of some fifty students. And
then he let everyone know why.
“Give that book back to him.
You are not clean enough to be
touching the Koran.”
Ouch.
He did not explain further, and
I did not push the issue. I simply
gave the book back to the now
sheepish boy and apologized to
the teacher for my transgression,
who forgave me and said some-

thing like, “It is okay. You are a
visitor here and did not know.”
And, honestly, there was so
much that I would find that I did
not know.
Beyond the so many beautiful things that I encountered
while I was there in April of
2006 -- things like nature so
overgrown and so vibrant in its
splendor that it seemed almost
primordial, like people so giving of themselves and so full of
life when they themselves seemingly had so little to actually
give and to be happy about -- I
also encountered so many other
things, frightening things, things
that left an indelible mark on my
woefully ignorant soul.
As someone in Tanzania put it:
“Welcome to Africa.”
In contrast to this strict but in
the end forgiving teacher, there
were the many school girls on
Zanzibar, which at the time was
about 97% Muslim, who cheerfully escorted me through their
different schools and helped me
to appreciate a different part of
their culture. These girls excitedly showed me their school yard
farms that helped to sustain their
communities, their well-stocked
libraries (one that had even been
dedicated by First Lady Laura
Bush), and their thriving, if rudimentary, science and computer
classrooms. They also showed
me that my perceived uniformity of the black burkas worn by
these cheerful girls was actually
a lie of my heretofore unobservant eye, because beneath their
burkas each girl wore another
outfit, one that was only slightly visible and often colorful and
expressive of another side of
their personality, one reserved,
though, for others in their lives.
We saw many such school
yard farm programs throughout Africa, programs where
schools (always for the poor)
focused on the more immediate needs of life; i.e., learning a
trade that could be turned into a
life-sustaining, family-supporting career. So where students at
LJHS might learn abstract math,
symbolism, and music theory,
their African counterparts were
learning farming, brick-making,

cooking, sewing, or some other
trade that could be put to immediate use after graduation. It
was only in the private schools,
the exclusive schools reserved
for those who could actually
pay for an education (usually white and Indian Africans),
that we saw more theoretical issues being taught. Where these
private schools had clean and
functional restrooms, running
water, all the supplies that they
might ever need, and sometimes
even swimming pools, the poorer schools (i.e., the government
schools) often did not have supplies or even running water. The
restroom in most of these government schools was often two
simple holes in the ground: one
for boys, one for girls.
Sadly, much of this made perfect sense to me: it was the same
separation of culture and wealth
that we see here in the United States but on a much larger
scale and with the reality of disease and war thrown in to make
things even more dire. After all,
we visited too many schools in
my American mind where every
single one the 1,500 students was
an orphan of either AIDS, war,
or both. It was at these kinds of
schools where we saw the grittier side of African life and culture. It was at such a school that
I was seriously asked by a group
of male students if I ever beat
my (ex) wife to show her that I
loved her. This question shocked
Margot, the female teacher who
was there with me at this school
to address these boys’ questions,
but it explained so clearly to me
the many posters and billboards
that I had seen almost everywhere about domestic violence.
And the next school we visited
explained to me the many more
posters and billboards that we
saw regarding AIDS.
It was actually more of a halfway house where students from
six months to their early teens
lived in safety. All of them had
been removed from their homes
because they had been sexually
abused, most by someone with
AIDS who desperately wanted
to believe an urban legend that
stated that if a person with AIDS

had sex with a virgin that their
AIDS would be cured, would go
away. I spent over thirty minutes
playing with the house’s youngest child, a six-month old who
had endured such suffering at
the hands of a man with a death
sentence that he hoped to rid
himself of. I think I was drawn
to play with her because I had
left my own year-old daughter
at home to go on this trip and
could not fathom the depravity
of heart, or maybe simply of desperation, that would bring someone to cross the line from tenderness to… well, in my mind, evil.
By the end of the trip, we were
all so very drained and ready to
go home. Perhaps wrongly, perhaps because we were Americans playing for a month at being
African, there was a sadness in
us about what we were leaving
behind. After all, experiencing,
even briefly, so many lives lived
on the edge of existence was difficult to accept, to get our minds
around. Beyond the sad realities
that all of us had experienced as
being a very real part of so many
African lives – everything from
stinging poverty, abject hunger
and the violence of war, to the
injustice of jailed, malnourished
children, dangerous weather,
and racism (both soft, open, and,
soon after we left, violent) – I
also lived through being robbed
at gunpoint by African soldiers
on Easter Sunday; almost being
electrocuted when our van was
trapped in a flash flood that tore
down electrical poles and their
live wires; staring numbly at a
river where thousands of dead
bodies were thrown after being killed during the Rwandan
genocide; wandering into a herd
of wild zebras without realizing
how close they were to possibly
killing me; and being hosted by
a gay Indian couple whose relationship, if made public, would
have gotten them killed.
But for every bad thing we experienced, there were so many
more good things: playing cricket in a park with a group of Indian families; visiting a farm specifically created to help children
with special needs; watching
fisherman haul in their catch on

the Indian Ocean; standing on
the spot where some of Gandhi’s ashes were spread into the
Nile River; watching the trial of
a man charged with war crimes
for his role in the Rwandan
Genocide; seeing so many of
the wonderful projects funded
by Rotary groups from both San
Diego and throughout the world;
and, of course, the almost daily
parties we were invited to by
every group we came in contact
with, with the culturally oddest
of these being the night I was invited by one of our Indian hosts
to go to an Indian night club
with him. Long story short: I did
not expect everyone in the club
to be male.
Whether it was wisdom or
happenstance, we had been
scheduled to go on a two-day safari at the end of our month long
visit. Two days on the plains of
the Masai Mara, watching predator and prey in their natural,
deadly setting, strangely helped
to lift the darkness of some of
the days that had come before
and had us leaving Africa with a
sense of wonderment and joy. It
was a joy that I feel to this day
and that I try to share with as
many of my students as I possibly can.
So, if you ever hear me say,
“When I was in Africa…” Well,
it’s because I think we should
all go to Africa some day. And if
not Africa, to Japan, to Colombia, to the Philippines, to New
Zealand… Somewhere… Anywhere… Because on all of the
different journeys that I have
been lucky enough to be a part of
as both a teacher (Africa, Japan,
Pearl Harbor) or simply as a man
with a passport, I have learned
one very important thing and
have had it re-emphasized in every new place that I go to: that
is, that travel expands us in ways
that we are never prepared for
and also helps to close cultural
gaps that in some ways might
seem impossible to ever seal.
Travel and becoming, however
briefly, a part of another culture
seems to me an absolute good.
So, travel when you can. I’d
love to hear you start a sentence
with, “When I was in…”

A+E

JOIN THE CONVERSATION

June 3, 2016

ljhitide.com
@ljhitide
/ljhitide

19

20 Documentaries to Watch Before You’re 20

I know it probably sounds boring, but most of these documentaries are actually quite interesting. Try watching a couple.
BY NESSIE NAVARRO
SENIOR EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

The Song Remains

1 the Same

2 A Hard Day’s Night

George Harrison:

3 Living in the

Material World

The Year Punk
4 1991:
Broke

5 Don’t Look Back

Inconvenient
6 An
Truth

11 Searching for Sugar Man
12 20 Feet From Stardom
13 Beware of Mr. Baker
7 Fahrenheit 9/11

The Devil and Daniel

15 Johnson

8 Food, Inc.

16 Finding Vivian Maier

Chappelle’s
9 Dave
Block Party

17 Gimme Shelter

10 The Wolfpack

18 Sherpa

PAID ADVERTISEMENT

14 Best of Enemies

19 Cartel Land

Ziggy Stardust

20 and the Spiders
from Mars

Remembering Prince

An enigmatic genius who changed the musical world
BY BROOKE KAUFMAN
A&E EDITOR ELECT
Flamboyant and fiercely protective of his work,
Prince Rogers Nelson was a
man not defined by anyone
else’s standards. From Purple Rain to Love Symbol #2,
Prince’s career ranged from
wild success to even crazier
legal drama.
Born 1958, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, there was
never any doubt that Prince
would become a musician.
His father and mother were
both talented performers
who encouraged Prince
and his siblings when they
began to develop keen interests in music. At age
seven, he wrote his first
tune “Funk Machine” on
his father’s piano, and by
the time he reached high
school, he was in his first

band called Grand Central.
In the 1970s Prince began
to pave a career for himself. After completing his
first demo in Minneapolis,
Prince signed with Warner
Bros. Records and later released his debut album For
You in 1978. Following this
album’s success, Prince released his first platinum record Prince in 1979.
While he began to
achieve recognition as a
gifted musician in the ’70s,
it was the 1980s that took
Prince and his fame to new
heights. With the continuous release of new albums,
each designed to shock
more than the last, the
Prince Revolution had officially begun. In 1984, both
the record and the movie
Purple Rain became infamous in their own rights;
and Prince, now widely

known for his exuberant
and androgynous performance style, had succeeded
in becoming a household
name.
Then came the ’90s, a
decade which marked several important changes to
Prince’s career. The most
notable happened in 1993,
when Prince changed his
name to an unpronounceable symbol he described
as being a combination
of the symbols for males
and females. At the time,
Prince expressed his belief
that Warner Bros. Records
had taken his name, trademarked it, and used it as
their main marketing tool
to promote all of the music
he wrote. He stated that he
had merely become a pawn
the record label used to produce more money for itself;
and instead of picking a new

name, which he thought
would disrespect the principle of birth names, Prince
chose a symbol, because it
was, “a representation of
[him] and [his] music.” The
symbol was later designated the title “Love Symbol
#2”.
During the remaining
years of the 20th century,
Prince released more albums in rapid succession in
an effort to release himself
from his contractual obligations to Warner Bros. However, this period of time was
marked by few remarkable
achievements, and by 2000,
Prince had become “Prince”
again.
Throughout the rest of
his career, Prince produced
multiple well-received albums, performed alongside
major stars such as Beyoncé, and was inducted into

Europe Bubbles Under

First underwater sculpture museum unveiled
BY REBECCA RYAN
STAFF WRITER
On February 25th, Jason deCaires Taylor opened his first
group of underwater sculptures
in Europe to the public. Taylor
is renowned for his eerie lifelike sculptures that reside at the
bottom of oceans. His newest exhibit is off the coast of Lanzarote,
Spain, and consists of around 300
separate pieces.
Figures, casted from real people, are grouped together with
distinct objects in order to raise
awareness for issues such as climate change, conservation and
migration, which Taylor wants

Photos via underwatersculpture.com

to bring to the attention of the
public.
“The Rubicon” is the largest
of these groups; consisting of
40 people walking in the same
direction, each distracted by
something unique. For example,
some take selfies, some have
their eyes closed, and others are
on their phones. Taylor explains
this piece as focusing on “climate
change and how mankind seems
to be heading blindly towards a
point of no return.”
The pieces create a controversy as to whether or not they are a
form of ocean pollution. However, Taylor explains that once the
sculptures settle into their envi-

ronment, they become homes for
fish in the habitat.
Furthermore, proceeds from
ticket sales go towards local conservation projects.
Taylor has created many exhibits like this off the coasts of
Cancun, Greece, and even in a
river in Canterbury. These previous projects prove that the
sculptures create no environmental harm, as corals, algae and
other sea life grow over the concrete forms healthily.
Taylor’s projects represent a
new era of modern sculpture focusing on the environment they
are placed in, and speak for controversial issues.

the Rock and Roll Hall of
fame. His 2007 Super Bowl
Half-Time Performance has
also been called the most
impressive of all time.
At the time of his death,
Prince had received an astounding one Brit Award,
one Golden Globe, four
MTV VMA awards, one
Academy award, and seven Grammys. His legacy
will remain unparalleled in
its greatness, and for those
who were able to recognize
and admire his extraordinary talents, the world may
have just lost a second Mozart.
Currently, Prince’s family
is embroiled in a heavy legal battle over the splitting
of his $300 million dollar
fortune. The main cause
of discrepancy pertains to
Prince not leaving behind a
will.

Beyoncé: 2016
Formation World Tour
BY SARA ESPINOSA
SENIOR EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
On Thursday May 12th, Qualcomm Stadium buzzed to the
power of the Beyhive as it hosted the concert of one of pop culture’s greatest idols: Beyoncé.
The show opened with Miamian
DJ Khaled, known for his infamous story posts on Snapchat
and other social media outlets.
The main stage was designed
with a box-like jumbo rotating
screen in the center with a protruding L-shaped catwalk. Beyoncé did not appear onstage
until 9 pm, when the whole
stadium shook with fervor as
Queen Bey, backed up by her
dance team, emerged from the
back of the screen wearing a
black leotard and a floppy black
hat. Beyoncé welcomed fans to
her show and encouraged them
to scream, “I slay”, before opening with “Formation”.

Her visual album, Lemonade,
was released on April 23rd, 2016
by Columbia Records. Her soldout performance covered most

of her hits from Lemonade as
well as some from past albums.
“Me, myself, and I”, originally performed by Destiny’s
Child, made an exceptionally
emotional appearance, as Beyoncé thanked the audience
for the continuing support.
In between the 4 costume-change breaks, the screen
box played scenes from the visual album as well as various
clips from Beyoncé’s life, including some of past performances.
One of the most astounding moments of the night was a tribute
to the late singer Prince, during
which the center screen turned
purple and replayed “Purple
Rain” as fans illuminated the stadium with their cellphone lights.
Beyoncé closed her show
with the performance of “Freedom”, dancing on a water
platform previously installed
in the catwalk, and “Halo”.
The Formation World Tour
will make stops on Chicago on May 27th and 28th.