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SLOPE STABILITY

ENEC14014

By Dr. Mehdi Mirzababaei

CQUniversity

2 Examples of slope failure .

3  Retaining walls Types of slope failure Translational Rotational Rotational .

sliding out over the original ground surface.4 Examples of translational and rotational slides In translational slides the mass displaces along a planar or undulating surface of rupture. Flow slide Rotational slide (toe slide) .

Slope stability 5  Causes of slope failures o Erosion by water or wind o overloading at the crest o desiccation cracks o excavation o rapid draw down of dams near clay slopes and o earthquake. .

Slope stability 6  Rapid dewatering in reservoirs  Removal of water confining pressure  Slow pore-water pressure dissipation  seepage .

.Factor of safety of slope 7   Long-term factor of safety of slopes in ? − ? soils (translational slides. infinite slopes. drained behaviour)  ?? is the sum of mobilised shear FORCE along the slope   Without Seepage (no pore water pressure or above the water table) ?′ ???(?′) + ? ????? ?? ???(?? ) ???(?? )  ?? =  In the above equation if FS=1 then we can find the depth of the plane of sliding. undrained behaviour) ?? ???? ? ???? ?? ???(?? ) = ??? ???? ? ???(??? )  ?? =  Su is the undrained shear strength of the soil  With FS=1 the maximum depth of the slope is: ? =  If α=45° ? =  With FS=1 the maximum angle of slope is: ?? = sin−1 (2?? ??? ???? ???(??? ) ??? ???? 1 2 ???? ?) ???? ???(?? )  The infinite slope failure mechanism is more relevant to coarse-grained soils than fine-grained soils because most slope failures observed in fine-grained soils are finite and rotational. With seepage (soil under the water table)  ?? = ?′ ???? ? ???? ?? ???(?? ) + ?′ ???(?′) Short-term factor of safety of slopes in fine grained soils (translational slides. infinite slopes.

1955 . 1955 ?? = {(? ′ ?? / cos ?? )+?? (1−?? ) tan ?′ ?? } ?? ??? ??  Short-term factor of safety of slopes in fine grained soils (Circular slip surface. finite slopes. undrained behaviour) Bishop Method.8   Factor of safety of slope (method of slices) Long-term factor of safety of slopes in c − φ soils (Circular slip surface. drained behaviour) Bishop Method. finite slopes.

drained behaviour) Janbu Method. undrained behaviour) Janbu Method. finite slopes. finite slopes. 1973 ?? = {? ′ ?? +?0 ?? (1−?? ) tan ?′ ?? ??? ?? } ?? ??? ?? f0 is related to the inter − slice shear stress  Short-term factor of safety of slopes in fine grained soils (non-circular slip surface. 1973 .9   Factor of safety of slope (method of slices) Long-term factor of safety of slopes in c − φ soils (non-circular slip surface.

10  Factor of safety of slope (method of slices) Bishop factor of safety of cracked slopes ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? − ???? =  For drained condition (effective stress analysis)  For undrained condition (total stress analysis) ??′ ?′ ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? − ???? = ??? ? .

6) Divide the soil mass above the slip surface into at least 5 slices. Use effective unit weight 2? ( ?) ?′ 2?? ) ???? for fine-grained soils and sketch in a possible location of the if the crack is filled with water. 5) Calculate the depth of the tension crack ( tension crack. 4) Draw the phreatic surface. .11 Procedure for method of slices 1) Draw the slope to scale 2) Note the positions and magnitudes of external loads. 3) Draw a trial slip surface and identify its point of rotation.

d) Sketch an equipotential line starting from the intersection of the vertical centre line and the slip surface to intersect the phreatic surface at 90°.01). c) Measure the angle θj for each slice. qs is the surcharge load per unit area za . b) Determine Wj. 8) Calculate ru and mj (note: use appropriate values of φ and su for each slice with looking at the bottom of the slide to see in which layer it lies. cos-1 (bj/lj). for a two-layer soil profile. 9) Prepare a spreadsheet and calculate the factor of safety by guessing a value of FS and then iterate until the guessed value of FS and the calculated value of FS are the same or within a small tolerance (<0.12 Procedure for method of slices 7) For each slice: a) Measure the width. ? ?? . zb and zc are the mean heights. (zw)j. bj. The vertical projection of the equipotential line is the pore-water pressure head. the weight of slice 2 is: Note: s1 and s2 denote soil layers 1 and 2. Angles left of the centre of rotation are negative. For example. (total weight of a slice including any external load).

13  Procedure for method of slices Bishop factor of safety of cracked slopes .