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Velocity Diagram.

In impulse turbine all calculations are made by velocity diagram.first we will

consider inlet velocity diagram and another outlet velocity Diagram.

Nozzle through which the steam is flowing and when the steam flows through

this nozzle, there will be a drop in the pressure and there will be increase in

velocity. Then, this steam will pass through the blade passages of the

impulse turbine.

Inlet velocity Diagram

let us draw the common velocity component U.In inlet velocity triangle we

have c1, V1 and U .We will have beta1 and alpha. Beta1 is the inlet velocity

angle and alpha is known as the nozzle angle. alpha is smaller compared to

beta1.

Now We draw the other velocity triangle that means the exit velocity

triangle. In this triangle V2, is the relative velocity at the exit. angle is beta2,

c2 is absolute velocity at the exit. If I project the vertical lines from the apex

of these two velocity triangles and join them, the quantity which I get is

denoted as comega.

Combined velocity diagram.

1. Blade Speed.

U DN /60

2. Relative velocity at inlet.

v 12=u2 +c 122 uc 1 cos

3. Relative velocity at outlet.

v 2=kv 1

4. Axial component at inlet.

c 1=c 1 sin

5. Velocity of whirl at inlet.

c 1=c 1 cos

c 2=v 2 cos 2u

7. Axial component at outlet.

c 2=( u+c 2 ) tan 2

8. Inlet angle of blade.

c 1 sin

sin 1=

v1

9. Outlet angle of blade

c 2

sin 2=

v2

10.

p1000

M=

( v 1+v 2)u

11.

M3600

12.

tangential force on bladesblade velocity

13.

Power developed.

muc

14.

Efficiency of blading.

2

2u (c 1+c 2)/v 1

15.

3600(c 1+ c 2)

16.

Speed ratio.

U

p=

c1

17.

Workdone by steam.

wt =U (c 1+ c 2)

Calculations.

Sr.No

1.

2.

3.

Parameter

Blade speed

Relative velocity at

inlet

Relative velocity at

Result

172.7 m/sec

250.77 m/sec

225.69 m/sec

3

4.

5.

6.

7.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

outlet

Axial component at

inlet

Velocity of whirl at

inlet

Velocity of whirl at

outlet

Axial component at

outlet

Inlet angle of blade

Outlet angle of blade

Mass flow rate

Steam flow per hour

Tangential force on

blades

Work done on blades

Power developed

Efficiency of blading

Specific steam

consumption

Speed ratio

Workdone by steam

138.86 m/sec

381.51 m/sec

14.40 m/sec

126.20 m/sec

34*

34*

.073 kg/sec

263.25 kg/hr

28.90 N

4999.03 N.M/SEC

5 kw

82.95%

.05265 kg/kw.hr

.42

68371 j/kg of steam

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