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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
ABSTRACT
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INTRODUCTION
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Genesis of Polyethylene

Types and nomenclatures of Polyrthylene

REVIEW OF LITERATURE
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CHEVRON PHILLIPS SLURRY-LOOP-REACTOR PROCESS FOR


POLYMERIZING LINEAR POLYETHYLENE.
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History

Process Description
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Overview

Catalyst Families Used in CPChem Slurry Loop Process

Slurry Loop Reactor

Technical Advantages of Chevron Phillips Slurry Loop Reactor for PE

Licences

Chevron Philips Slurry Loop Reactor Summary

BASELL HOSTALEN TECHNOLOGY FOR BIMODAL HDPE


PRODUCTION
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Process Chemistry

Hostalen Process Perspective


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An overview of Hostalen Process Development

Key Characteristics

Process Description
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Catalyst Preparation

Polymerization

HDPE Powder drying/ Dilutent Separation

Extrusion and Pelletization

Hexane Recycling Unit

Butene Recovery Unit

Tank Form

Safety and Environment

Process Capability
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Unimodal/ Bimodal Swing Plant

Excellent Homogeneity of Reactor In-Situ Blend

Tailored Product Range

Plant Size and Scale-up Potential

Product Range and Applications


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Overview

Basic HDPE Structures and Properties

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Process Economics
BASELL LUPOTECH G TECHNOLOGY FOR HDPE AND MDPE

PRODUCTION
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General Process Description

Process Chemistry & Thermodynamics

Lupotech Process Perspective

Process Description
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Purification and Posing of Feedstock

Polymerization & Powder Handling

Recovery Gas Treatment & HC Recovery

Offgas Treatment

Deodorization

Product Specification

Process Economics

UNIPOL PE GAS PHASE PROCESS


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Introduction

History

General Process Description


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Raw Materials and Ethylene Purification

Catalyst

Reaction

Reaction Loop

Catalyst Feeder

Resin Additive Handling

Pelleting

Typical Resin Handling, Blending, Storage and Shipping

Process Perspective

Advantages of UNIPOL Process

Process Economics

USE OF COMONOMERS
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Copolymerization with -Olefins


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The development of Linear Density Polyethylene

Co-monomers Distribution Controlled in Linear Low Density


Polyethylene

Copolymerization with polar co-monomers

Manipulation of molecular weight distribution

DEFINITIONS
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Molecular Weight Distribution


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Number- Average Molecular Weight

Weight Average Molecular Weight

Z-Average Molecular Weight

Composition Distribution

Melt Flow Index

METHODOLOGY
3.1 HEAT TRANSFER IN AGITATED VESSEL
3.1.1 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
3.1.2 Calculation of Jacket Side Heat Transfer Coefficient
3.1.3 Calculation of Agitated Liquid Batch side Heat Transfer Coefficient
3.1.4 Designing the Cooling Jacket for HDPE Reactor
3.1.4.1 Calculation of Jacket side heat transfer coefficient
3.1.4.2 Calculation of Vessel side heat transfer coefficient
3.1.4.3 Heat Transfer Resistance due to Pressure Vessel Thickness
3.1.4.4 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
3.1.4.5 Finding the temperature drop in Slurry
3.2 SLURRY COOLER DESIGN USING KERNS METHOD
3.2.1 Log Mean Temperature Difference
3.2.2 Heat Exchanger Specifications

3.2.3 Shell side heat transfer coefficient


3.2.4 Tube side heat transfer coefficient
3.2.5 Overall heat transfer coefficient with dirt factor
3.3 SLURRY COOLER DESIGN USING BELL DELAWARES METHOD
3.3.1 Heat Transfer Coefficient
3.3.1.1 Ideal Cross-flow coefficient hoc
3.3.1.2 Tube row Correction Factor

Fn

3.3.1.3 Window Correction Factor


3.3.1.4 Bypass Correction Factor
3.3.1.5 Leakage Correction Factor
3.3.2 Shell and Bundle Geometry
3.3.3 Design Calculation of Slurry Cooler using Bell Delawares Method
3.4 STEAM TUBE ROTARY DRYER
3.4.1 Introduction
3.4.2 Flight Design
3.4.3 Residence Time
3.4.3.1 Calculation for Residence Time
3.4.4 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
3.4.4.1 Calculation for bed heat transfer coefficient
3.4.4.2 Calculation for Critical Residence time
3.4.4.3 Calculation for Heat Transfer Coefficient between the wall and the
surface of the bed of drying material.
3.4.4.4 Calculation for Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

5. CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES