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Innsbruck
Zl.: ICM-2013-05166
CEEPUS, CIII-AT-0063

SCHOLARSHIP REPORT
Name

Milenka ANDJELIC

Nationality

MONTENEGRO

Date of birth

09.10.1992
01.03.2014

Stay from

Tag/Monat/Jahr

31.03.2014
Stay to

Tag/Monat/Jahr

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not be submitted!

During my stay I have been working on the hollow cathode (HC) device which creates plasma
with many applications, such as: intensive light and spectroscopic light sources, electron beam
sources for the laboratory and space applications. One of the most important technological applications is producing thin films.
The main work consisted in the characterization of this type of plasma by two methods: optical and electrical. In first experiment, I observed the difference between the HC discharge in Ar and in
He as working gases by identifying the atomic lines using NIST Atomic Spectra Database, and the
evolution of those lines according to the intensity of the applied current.
For those experiments we used a hollow cathode system (Figure 1.) which consists of one titanium HC with a length of 30 mm, the inner diameter of 5mm and an outer diameter of 10 mm. The
cathode is covered by a ceramic cylinder in order to isolate it. We worked at a constant flow of gas (Ar
or He). The HC was connected to a high voltage power supply while the anode was connected to the
ground. (Figure 1.a.) With this configuration we obtained a high density plasma which is shown in
Figure 1 b.

a)

b)

Fig. 1. a) Experimental setup of hollow cathode discharge, b)the picture of HC plasma


For the optical diagnostics of plasma we used an optical fibre, and in order to acquire the
global spectra we used an Ocean optic spectrometer. In Figure 2 we present two optical spectra of
the HC discharges with the Ti cathode in Ar working gas in the first case, and in He working gas in the
second case (experiment). The lines were identified using NIST Atomic Spectra Database.

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Innsbruck
Zl.: ICM-2013-05166

a)

b)

Fig. 2. Typical optical spectrum of hollow cathode discharges with Ti cathode in a) Ar and b) He working gas.

These experiments were performed for the same pressure (6,4102mbar) and for the same intensity of the current (45 mA) for both Ar and He working gases.
To see the evolution of those line intensities with respect to the applied current, we kept the pressure constant at a value of 6,4102 mbar and we changed the current from 10 mA to 45 mA for both
working gases Ar and He.

a)

b)

Fig. 3. Intensity of the light emitted by plasma function of the current discharge in a) Ar and b) He
working gas.

In Figure 3 can be seen that the intensity of the light emitted by the plasma increases when
we raise the value of the current intensity.
To make electrical diagnostics of plasma I built a Langmuir probe which we inserted in plasma
to acquire the current-voltage characteristic using a Keithley sourcemeter.

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Fig.4. I-V characteristic of the hollow cathode plasma


The discharge current was 30 mA and the working pressure was 2,3101mbar. We worked at
a constant flow of Ar gas. From the first derivative of the plasma I-V characteristic we find the plasma
potential Vp = 0,64 V and from the slope of the semi-logarithmic representation of the I-V characteristic, i.e. ln(I)=f(V), we find the electron temperature to be Te = 1,43 eV.

Innsbruck, 27.03.2014

Confirmed by

Confirmed by

_______________________________________________
(Univ.Prof.i.R.Dr. Roman SCHRITTWIESER)
Datum, Unterschrift, Stempel des Instituts

______________________________________________
(Milenka ANDJELIC)
date, signature

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