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State of Qatar Public Works Authority

Drainage Affairs

CONTENTS
1

INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................1
1.1

GENERAL.....................................................................................................................1

1.2

SCOPE .........................................................................................................................1

1.3

CONTENT.....................................................................................................................1

1.4

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS.........................................................................1

1.5

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS.........................................................................2


1.5.1

CODES AND STANDARDS ..................................................................................................2

1.6

SPECIFIC CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................2

1.7

SPECIFIC CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................2


1.7.1

UPDATE POLICY ..................................................................................................................2

1.7.2

UPDATE PROCEDURE ........................................................................................................2

GENERAL DRAWING STANDARDS.........................................................................3


2.1

PURPOSE AND SCOPE ..............................................................................................3

2.2

METHODOLOGY / BEST PRACTICE..........................................................................3

2.3

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS.......................................................................................3
2.3.1

2.4

2.5

2.6
2.7

USE OF CAD .........................................................................................................................3

LANGUAGE, UNITS AND MEASUREMENT................................................................4


2.4.1

LANGUAGE ...........................................................................................................................4

2.4.2

UNITS ....................................................................................................................................4

2.4.3

MEASUREMENT ...................................................................................................................4

CO-ORDINATES AND ORIENTATION ........................................................................5


2.5.1

CO-ORDINATES ...................................................................................................................5

2.5.2

ORIENTATION ......................................................................................................................5

TYPES OF DRAWINGS ...............................................................................................5


DRAWING ARRANGEMENT........................................................................................7
2.7.1

DRAWING SIZES ..................................................................................................................7

2.7.2

DRAWING SCALES ..............................................................................................................7

2.7.3

DRAWING BORDER AND TITLE BLOCK ............................................................................9

2.7.4

PROJECTION........................................................................................................................9

2.7.5

KEY PLANS ...........................................................................................................................9

2.7.6

DRAWING SEQUENC...........................................................................................................9

2.7.7

MATCH LINES.......................................................................................................................9

2.7.8

SECTIONS AND ELEVATIONS ............................................................................................9

2.7.9

SECTION AND DETAIL MARK DESIGNATION ...................................................................9

2.7.10 SECTION AND DETAIL MARKS .........................................................................................10


2.7.11 SIMILAR SECTIONS AND DETAILS ..................................................................................10
2.7.12 COMPOSITE DRAWINGS...................................................................................................10
2.7.13 GENERAL NOTES ..............................................................................................................10
2.7.14 REFERENCE TO OTHER DOCUMENTS...........................................................................11

Volume 6

2.8

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................11

2.9

LINE WORK................................................................................................................11

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

2.9.1

GENERAL ........................................................................................................................... 11

2.9.2

LINE STYLE ........................................................................................................................ 11

2.9.3

PLOTTED LINE WEIGHT ................................................................................................... 11

2.9.4

COLOURS AND SCREENING (HALF-TONING)................................................................ 11

2.10

TEXT........................................................................................................................... 12

2.10.1 GENERAL ........................................................................................................................... 12


2.10.2 PLACEMENT OF TEXT IN THE CAD FILE ........................................................................ 12
2.10.3 TEXT SIZES........................................................................................................................ 12

2.11

DIMENSIONING ......................................................................................................... 12

2.11.1 RULES OF DIMENSIONING............................................................................................... 12

2.12

HATCHING AND SHADING ....................................................................................... 13

2.13

REVISIONS ................................................................................................................ 13

2.13.1 REVISION CLOUDS AND TRIANGLES ............................................................................. 13


2.13.2 REVISION DESCRIPTION.................................................................................................. 13
2.13.3 REVISION CODING ............................................................................................................ 13
2.13.4 DRAWING TITLE BLOCKS AND SIGNATURES................................................................ 14

2.14

DRAWING TITLE BLOCKS ........................................................................................ 14

2.14.1 DRAWING TITLE BLOCKS................................................................................................. 14


2.14.2 TITLE BLOCK COMPLETION............................................................................................. 14
2.14.3 SIGNATURES ..................................................................................................................... 15

2.15

DRAWING VOLUMES................................................................................................ 15

2.15.1 GENERAL ........................................................................................................................... 15

CAD STANDARDS ...................................................................................................16


3.1

PURPOSE AND SCOPE ............................................................................................ 16

3.2

LEVEL OF COMPLIANCE.......................................................................................... 16

3.3

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS ...................................................................... 16

3.4

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS..................................................................................... 17
3.4.1

CAD SYSTEMS................................................................................................................... 17

3.4.2

MENUS................................................................................................................................ 17

3.4.3

CAD DRAWING FILE ORGANISATION ............................................................................. 17

3.4.4

SINGLE CAD SPATIAL MODEL CONCEPTS.................................................................... 17

3.4.5

TYPICAL FOLDER STRUCTURE....................................................................................... 18

3.4.6

CAD FILE NAMING ............................................................................................................. 18

3.4.7

SCALES .............................................................................................................................. 18

3.4.8

TEMPLATE/SEED CAD FILES ........................................................................................... 18

3.4.9

DRAWING BORDERS AND TITLE BLOCKS ..................................................................... 18

3.4.10 TOPOGRAPHICAL MAPPING............................................................................................ 19


3.4.10 REVISIONS ......................................................................................................................... 19
3.4.12 DRAWING ISSUE ............................................................................................................... 19

3.5

REFERENCE FILES................................................................................................... 19

3.6

LINEWORK................................................................................................................. 19

3.7

Page ii

3.6.1

LINE TYPES........................................................................................................................ 19

3.6.2

PLOTTED LINE WEIGHTS ................................................................................................. 20

TEXT........................................................................................................................... 20

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CAD Manual

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

3.7.1

FONTS.................................................................................................................................20

3.7.2

TEXT ASSIGNMENTS.........................................................................................................20

3.8

COLOURS ..................................................................................................................21

3.9

HATCHING AND SHADING .......................................................................................21

3.10

DIMENSIONS .............................................................................................................21

3.10.1 GENERAL............................................................................................................................21

3.11

CO-ORDINATE SYSTEM AND GLOBAL ORIGIN .....................................................21

3.11.1 CO-ORDINATES .................................................................................................................21


3.11.2 GLOBAL ORIGIN.................................................................................................................21

3.12

WORKING UNITS.......................................................................................................21

3.12.1 GENERAL............................................................................................................................21

3.13

SYMBOLOGY.............................................................................................................22

3.14

PLOTTING..................................................................................................................22

3.15

FILE VERIFICATION CHECK.....................................................................................22

LAYERING................................................................................................................23
4.1

GENERAL...................................................................................................................23

4.2

MODEL FILE LAYERING ...........................................................................................23

4.3

ACTIVE DRAWING FILE LAYERING.........................................................................23

4.4

LAYER NAMING CODING .........................................................................................23

4.5

Volume 6

4.4.1

AutoCAD ..............................................................................................................................23

4.4.2

Microstation..........................................................................................................................26

DISCIPLINE LAYER STRUCTURES..........................................................................26

DRAWING NUMBERING AND CAD FILE NAMING CONVENTIONS.....................27


5.1

PURPOSE AND SCOPE ............................................................................................27

5.1

DRAWING NUMBERING............................................................................................27
5.2.1

DRAWING NUMBERING CONVENTION ...........................................................................27

5.2.2

CAD FILE NAMING CONVENTION ....................................................................................27

5.2.3

MODEL FILE NAMING (XREFS) CONVENTION................................................................27

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

INTRODUCTION

1.4

1.1

GENERAL

The following Definitions and Abbreviations shall


apply to this Manual:

This manual defines the standards and format that


shall be adopted in the production of ComputerAided Drafting (CAD) drawings for the Drainage
Department (DD) projects.

1.2

SCOPE

DEFINITIONS AND
ABBREVIATIONS

Alignment Drawings:
Drawings that show the horizontal or vertical
alignment, which shall be used for the design of
the works.
Approve:

Standards defined herein shall apply to all


organisations producing drawings for the DD.

Drawing Originators shall approve their drawings


upon issue to all parties required to receive these
drawings.

1.3

As Built Drawings:

CONTENT

This Manual is divided into the following Sections: Section 1 General: - introduces the CAD Manual
Section 2 Drawing Standards: - describes the
general drawing standards that shall be adopted for
drafting work
Section 3 CAD Standards: - describes the specific
CAD requirements, conventions and settings for
CAD drawing production
Section 4 CAD Layering: - describes the specific
CAD requirements and conventions for CAD
Layering

Drawings produced at the conclusion of


construction to upgrade the design drawings to
incorporate all design changes made during
construction in order to reflect the as built facility
in the final drawings.
CAD:
Computer Aided Drafting.
CAD System:
The computer hardware and software used to
create CAD drawing files and to produce hard
copy plots of those files.
DTR: Drawing Transmittal Record.

Section 5 Drawing Numbering and File naming


Conventions: - describes the procedures for
numbering drawings and naming convention of CAD
files
Section 6 Appendices: - contains the reference
material referred to in the main Sections
Section 7 Specific Contract Requirements: contains standards specific to regional/country
requirements not covered or overriding the
standards defined in the main Sections.

Drawing Management System:


The software, integrated with the CAD
System, which manages the CAD drawings and
associated reference files.
M & E: Mechanical and Electrical
GA Drawing:
General Arrangement drawing which shows the
location of major features and facilities.
DD:

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CAD Manual

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Drainage Department

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

1.5

DEFINITIONS AND
ABBREVIATIONS

1.5.1 CODES AND STANDARDS


In addition to the requirements of this Manual,
drawings shall be prepared in accordance with the
requirements of the following principle codes of
practice and standards:

BS 308 Engineering Drawing Practice


(British Standard Institute)

BS 1192 - Construction Drawing Practice


(British Standard Institute)

Country/Regional National Standard Institution


documents (e.g. BSI)

The version of standards and regulations shall be


the latest version.
Where a situation occurs which is not covered by
this Manual, Originators shall check with DD for
clarification.
Any deviation from standards set in this manual to
suit specific client needs must be defined and
recorded within project specific documentation.

1.6

SPECIFIC CONTRACT
REQUIREMENTS

Where the content of this manual does not meet the


needs of the DD practices, the standards defined in
SECTION 7, Specific Contract Requirements,
shall be adopted

1.7

expected to advise the DD of any errors or


omissions they discover when implementing
these standards. Additionally, all users are
invited to suggest any additions or modifications
they feel would improve the standards defined
herein.

1.7.2 UPDATE PROCEDURE


Proposals for Amendment by Users.
If an Originator/User discovers omissions or
errors, or wishes to make suggestions for
additions or improvement, the details of the
proposal shall be submitted to the DD in writing
for consideration. Upon receipt of any proposal
the DD will give due consideration to the
proposal and decide what action is required.
Amendments deemed necessary to this Manual
would be compiled into Interim Amendment
Sheets (IAS). IAS sheets will be issued to
controlled copyholders of the CAD Standards
Manual, as an interim measure and to expedite
the release of the amended information
subsequent to full update and re-issue of the
revised Manual.
At appropriate times the DD CAD Standards
Manual will be updated to incorporate all IAS.
Following the update a new revision of the
Manual will be issued to Controlled Copy Holders
in accordance with DD standard document
issuing procedures.

SPECIFIC CONTRACT
REQUIREMENTS

1.7.1 UPDATE POLICY


It is the policy of DD that the standards in this
Manual be functional and useful for all types of
drawings produced for the DD. The standards set
out within this Manual will therefore be reviewed and
updated periodically and will take into consideration
all changes deemed to be necessary. All Originators
of DD drawings and users of this Manual are

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Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

GENERAL DRAWING
STANDARDS

Numbers of drawings must be kept to an


absolute minimum and organised in a
logical manner.

Avoidance of duplication is essential to


ensure the drawings maintain their integrity
as the iterative design process progresses
and amendments are made.

Efficient minimum detailing and above all


the elimination of double detailing shall be
the method adopted.

Grouping common elements into detail


sheets and extensive use of cross
referencing to those details and not
duplicating them shall be exercised in order
to minimise both the amount of drawings
produced and the risk of error and/or
ambiguity.

2.1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE


The Drainage Department (DD) will require
substantial numbers of drawings to be produced
from numerous sources. This Section sets out the
standards that shall be followed when preparing
these drawings. The purpose of this Section is to
ensure that all drawings are produced digitally in a
consistent manner. The objective is to attain a
uniform standard of presentation in the hardcopy
output across entire projects, regardless of the
drawings Originator and to ensure that digital CAD
files are structured correctly.
Disciplined application of CAD will have a major
impact on the projects efficiency by enhancing
clarity, readability, and ease with which drawings
can be viewed, manipulated and shared among the
participants within a project and ultimately by the
Hyder CAD System.
No deviation from these standards shall be
permitted without the written consent of the DD.

2.2

METHODOLOGY / BEST
PRACTICE

It is essential in achieving success that drawing


production is carefully planned and thought out.
Consideration with regards how the design is
displayed and paying attention to quality will ensure
high standards are achieved. Below are some key
factors that support the CAD Best Practice strategy
that are to be adopted wherever possible:

A drawing shall contain design information


solely for the purpose of the intended use of
the drawing

To maximise efficiency a policy of minimum


detailing without compromising quality and
integrity shall be adopted.

Drawings must be clear, accurate and concise


and contain no ambiguities, which could lead to
confusion or wrong interpretation.

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CAD Manual

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2.3

GENERAL
REQUIREMENTS

2.3.1 USE OF CAD


Engineering design drawings produced for the
DD shall be prepared on the approved CAD
system. (Section 3.4.1). Drawings that are
produced by CAD and partly hand-drawn or that
include minor manual corrections shall not be
permitted. Only signatures shall not be CAD
generated.
Sketches may be hand-drawn. Hand-drawn
sketches shall conform to the standards given in
this Section for line types, line weights and
symbol sizes as far as practicable. Sketches are
not to be used as formal reference documents

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

2.4

LANGUAGE, UNITS
AND MEASUREMENT

2.4.1

LANGUAGE

All text descriptions shall be in English unless


specific client requirements dictate otherwise

2.4.2

UNITS

All chainages are plan measurements taken


along a setting out line, and provide a horizontal
distance not taking into account slope lengths.

2.4.3.4

All non-linear measurements such as areas and


volumes shall be followed by the unit symbol.
e.g.

All shall follow the System International (SI)


convention and all linear dimensions shall be in
millimetres (mm). Deviation: Survey levels and
chainages can be in metres (m) and decimals of a
metres.

2.4.3

MEASUREMENT

Non-Linear
Measurements

Square metre m
Cubic metre m

2.4.3.5

Levels

All levels shall be related to a the Qatar datum


and noted on all project title blocks as follows:
Qatar National Height Datum

2.4.3.1 Linear Dimensions

38400 7150 890

If a local datum is used, its location and value


must be clearly defined. The level and
description of the BenchMark (BM) or other
starting point from which levels are derived shall
be stated.

Decimal numbers shall generally indicate metres:


whole numbers shall indicate millimetres.

All levels shall be expressed in metres. Levels


below datum are to be shown with a minus sign.

E.g. Dimensions in metres not requiring decimal


accuracy shall have the m suffix (24m)

On sections and elevations, a closed, downward


pointing arrow should indicate the position of a
level. (See below)

When dimensions are given, they will be expressed


in whole numbers, as follows

2.4.3.2 Decimal Point Accuracy


Dimensions in millimetres requiring accuracy to a
number of decimal places shall be expressed with
the mm (millimetre) suffix, as in the following
example

On plans, a cross alongside which the value of


level is written should be indicated. (See below)

756.345mm

2.4.3.3

Chainage

Chainages shall be written in metres to two


decimal places.
e.g.

CH 345.00
CH 41155.75
CH 202630.00

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2.4.3.6

Sloping Surfaces

On plans, an arrow pointing downhill with the


word Fall placed along it should indicate a
slope.
On sections, shallow slopes should be labelled
with an arrow pointing downhill with the word
Fall placed above it. Where the gradient is to be
stated this can be done by the use of a
percentage or ratio. Slopes steeper than 1 in 10
should be indicated by means of triangles

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

showing the ratio of horizontal and vertical


dimensions.

Alignment drawings shall be arranged such that


chainage increases from left to right and
generally parallel to the x-axis of the drawings.

2.6
2.5

CO-ORDINATES AND
ORIENTATION

The drawings shall be classified as one of the


following specific types in all references and
descriptions
a)

2.5.1

CO-ORDINATES

All co-ordinates and levels stated on drawings shall


be based on the co-ordinate system adopted for the
project.
General Arrangements and site plans having a
relationship to a co-ordinate system shall
incorporate either a 50m, 100m or 500m grid system
as appropriate to scale, and grid lines shall be noted
with northing and easting values.
Where co-ordinates are noted they shall be
displayed with the easting first then northing.
e.g.

TYPES OF
DRAWINGS

Sketches

Sketches generally shall contain preliminary


graphics to illustrate a single point and shall be
prepared with the intent of a single use only.
Sketches may be used to present a general
design concept, or may be included with
instructions to clarify correspondence.
b)

Cover Drawings

Are located at the front of the drawing set and


include title sheet, submission drawing index,
general notes, symbols, material indications and
the abbreviations used throughout a drawing set.

E322100

c)

N565200

Show the general layout and dimensions for all


civil, structural, architectural and M & E works.
They also include site plans and site surveys.

Detail drawings and drawing files not directly related


to the global co-ordinate system may use a local
co-ordinate system.

d)

General Arrangements

Plans and Profiles

Show the plan and profile view for all civil,


structural and architectural works as well as the
highway alignment and geotechnical bore hole
information among others
e)

2.5.2 ORIENTATION

Diagrams and Schematics

Diagrams and schematics shall show electrical


circuits, plumbing and drainage isometrics, piping
arrangements etc.

All plans relating to world co-ordinates shall include


a North Point, which shall be correctly orientated in
accordance with the specific drawing view. In
general, this north arrow should be placed at the
upper right corner of the plan and indicate true
North.

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

f)

Directive Drawings

Directive drawings shall indicate elements to be


consistent in form, function, operation, appearance
or construction requirements, and shall be used as a
basis to develop more detailed drawings. Also
included in this classification shall be drawings,
which are used to define symbols, abbreviations or
drawing standards.
g)

Detail Drawings

Detail drawings shall give additional information on


specific parts, generally at a larger scale than the
general arrangement drawings
h)

design approach throughout. Also included in this


classification shall be drawings, which are used to
define symbols, abbreviations, or drawing
standards.
k)

a)

Alignment files shall be produced solely. In


no case may they be translated to or from a
CAD file format to another CAD file format.

b)

Alignment files shall be independent of any


reference files

c)

The plan view of alignment files shall be


complete, including all road or track centres,
chainages, equalities and tangent offsets.

d)

The profile view of the alignment shall be


complete, including all key features and
elevations.

e)

All entities shall be modelled accurately and


to precise real world locations

f)

Each spiral, curve or tangent shall be


individually listed and composed of a single
graphic element. Disjointed or segmented

g)

elements composed of multiple straight-line


elements shall not be used.

h)

Alignment files shall correspond exactly to


the geometry described on accompanying
hardcopy drawings

Standard Drawings

Standard drawings shall include those used to


illustrate standard designs and details, which ensure
uniformity, consistency, and a common

Alignment Drawing Files

Alignment files shall contain the overall alignment


for the contract package, modelled precisely in
three dimensions and in real world co-ordinates.
The following criteria shall also apply:

Typical Details

Typical details are defined as the details of good


engineering practices, which can be used for the
purpose of producing drawings without modification
or change
j)

m)

Schedules/Tables

These drawings include all drawings or portions of


drawings, which contain information in schedule or
table format, such as reinforcement bar bending
schedules, materials schedules, door schedules etc.
i)

They shall be used to review the overall


composition and interaction of large parts of
production.

Reinforced Concrete Detail Drawings (RC


Details)

These drawings are used to indicate the position of


steel reinforcement bars within structural concrete
members and are usually read in conjunction with
bar bending schedules
l)

Master File Drawings

Master file drawings, generally large drawing files,


contain numerous other drawings references and
are assembled precisely to scale and final geometry.

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Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

2.7

DRAWING
ARRANGEMENT

2.7.1 DRAWING SIZES

Where a single scale is used on a drawing, it


shall be specified within the title block only. (See
below). The scales selected shall depend on the
object area and shall be large enough to permit
easy and clear interpretation of information and
ensure clarity of prints on the original as well as
reduced copies i.e. A3 versions of A1 drawings.

Drawing sizes shall conform to the International


Standards Organisation (ISO).
Sizes (in mm) are as follows: -

SCALE (A1)
1:50

A0 - 841 x 1189

A1 - 594 x 841

A2 - 420 x 594

Single drawing scale shown thus:

SCALE (A1)

A3 - 297 x 420

A4 - 210 x 297

Hori. 1:1000, VERT. 1:100


Horizontal & Vertical scale shown thus:

In general all drawings shall be produced at the


preferred A1 original size. The use of A0 size
drawings shall be avoided wherever possible.
Each group or set of drawings shall use only one
drawing size unless situations make this impractical.

2.7.2

Where different scales are used for horizontal


and vertical dimensions, such as in Profiles
within Plan and Profile drawings, each scale shall
be clearly indicated on the drawing. (See above)
When the drawing or parts of the drawing are not
drawn to scale, NTS (Not to Scale) shall be
specified under the title of the area of the
drawing to which it applies.

DRAWING SCALES

Drawings shall be drawn to scale. As a guide scales


selected from Table 2.7.2 should be used where
possible. Standard metric scales shall only be used.
Deviation: Schematics, isometrics or other indicative
graphical elements.
Where a number of different scales are shown on a
drawing they shall be specified within the title block
(See below). The first scale shown shall be
the main drawing scale followed by all subsequent
scales. Each different scale shall be specified under
the title of the area of the drawing to which it applies.

Site Plan
NTS
Should the entire drawing be drawn not to scale
NTS shall be placed in the space provided for the
drawing scale on the Title Block. (See below).

SCALE (A1)
NTS
Scale shown in Title Box:

SCALE (A1)
1:50, 1:100 & 1:200
Multiple scales shown thus

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CAD Manual

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

Gazettal Plans

Site Surveys & Site Plans

Construction Plans/Layout

Utilities

General Arrangement/Plans

Structural Elevations & Sections

Detailed Plans, Sections and Elevations


Details

Civil Plan (H)

10

20

25

50

100

500

200

1000

250

2000

Location Plans

2500

Drawing Type

5000

Scale (1: )

Reinforcing Details

Steelwork Details

M & E Plans & GAs

Civil Profile (V)

M & E Details
Detailed Subsurface Profiles (Hor)
Detailed Subsurface Profiles (Vert)

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Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

2.7.3 DRAWING BORDER AND


TITLE BLOCK
Drawings shall use the Standard drawing border and
Title block defined in Section 3. (Table 3.4.9) and the
Appendix E
The Standard Drainage Department drawing border
shall be adopted for each project and shall be
consistent across all drawings within the project.

2.7.7 MATCH LINES


Where detail of a scheme continues onto a separate
drawing sheet, the design information shall be curtailed
at a MATCH-LINE. No design information shall be
displayed beyond the extremities of match lines,
however, background information such as mapping may
continue beyond, clipped to the edges of the drawing
frame where required. Continuation of the design shall
be cross-referenced within the match line.

Title block entries shall be concise and informative to


fully indicate the content of the drawing. Completion of
title block shall be strictly in accordance with Section
2.14 and Appendix E.

2.7.4

PROJECTION

Where appropriate, all drawings shall be in Third


Angle Projection.

2.7.8 SECTIONS AND


ELEVATIONS
Sections through plans shall be taken
looking:

To the left and upward

Sections through elevations shall be


taken looking

2.7.5 KEY PLANS


Where layout plans are produced on a number of
drawings to cover the extent or section of the project a
Key Plan shall be included on each sheet, clearly
indicating the section of the works under
consideration.

2.7.6

To the left and downwards

2.7.9 SECTION AND DETAIL


MARK DESIGNATION
Sections shall be identified by upper case alpha
character marks. Wherever practical, sections shall
be listed consecutively, from left to right and from
top to bottom on the drawing on which they were
drawn. To avoid potential conflict with numerical
values, the alpha characters I, O and Q shall not
be used within section marks.

DRAWING SEQUENC
Details shall be identified by numerals. Wherever
practical these shall run in sequence from left to
right and from top to bottom on the drawing.

Alignment drawings shall be arranged such that


chainage increases from left to right.

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CAD Manual

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

2.7.10 SECTION AND DETAIL


MARKS
Section and Detail marks used shall be as defined in
Appendix E page 12
All sections and details shall be correctly crossreferenced in both directions i.e. Cross-reference to
the drawing where the section/detail is actually drawn.
Drawing cross-reference shall not include the revision
code or any stage code because of the changing
nature.

2.7.12 COMPOSITE DRAWINGS


Where composite drawing (a drawing containing
layouts and or sections and details) is used, all
plans, elevations and sections shall be clearly
identified by their titles. Titles are to be positioned
below the area to which it applies.

In the detailed section/detail title, all drawing numbers


where the section/detail is identified, shall be listed
against the section/detail mark symbol. If the drawn
section/detail are located on the same drawing, a
dash may replace the drawing number within the
section/detail mark symbol.

2.7.13 GENERAL NOTES


2.7.11 SIMILAR SECTIONS AND
DETAILS
To help minimise detailing, a required section or detail
that is similar to one already drawn may be nominated
as SIMILAR to the existing section/detail. The word
SIMILAR may also be expanded to explain how it is
similar, such as (similar, but opposite hand) or (similar,
except as noted). In designating a similar
section/detail, a new unique section/detail mark shall
be used. Use of the word SAME shall be avoided

Notes shall be kept to a minimum on a drawing


without compromising the intent of the design.
Complicated notes shall be avoided.
Where notes are extensive and repeated on
several drawings, a General Notes Drawing shall
be provided which consolidates all notes.
Deviation from these notes on a particular drawing
may be permitted,
provided this amendment is shown in the Notes
section of the drawing.
Where a General Notes Drawing is used, the first
note on each applicable drawing shall contain the
following statement: 1.
FOR GENERAL NOTES, REFER TO
DRAWING NO. XXX

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2.9.2 LINE STYLE


2.7.14

REFERENCE TO OTHER
DOCUMENTS

Drawings, specifications and other documents to be


read in conjunction with a drawing shall be fully
referenced on the drawing within the drawing notes.
References that are specific to a part of a drawing
shall appear next to the particular part. The notes shall
include the following, when relevant: Where cross references are made to other documents
within the same contract, any field within that
document number that is likely to change (i.e. a
drawing stage field), this field shall be omitted from the
cross reference number.

2.8 SYMBOLS AND


ABBREVIATIONS
Standard symbols contained in Appendix E shall be
used. Where a symbol required is not available from
this manual, symbols provided in Country codes of
practise shall be used.
All symbols shall be consistent within a drawing or set
of drawings.
Abbreviations shall be mnemonic as far as possible.
Standard abbreviations are listed in Appendix E.

2.9 LINE WORK


2.9.1 GENERAL
Line work shall be consistent and maximise clarity and
readability of drawings. Line work shall include using
the correct line type as well as the correct line
thickness to convey the desired information. Both line
types and line thickness may vary depending on the
drawing scale and the size of the drawing. All Layers
shall have their entities BYLAYER

Elaborate linetypes, including those which


incorporate text or special graphic symbols or both,
shall be kept to a minimum and should only be
used where standard line types are unsuitable.
(see appendix e exhibit e9 for standard line types)
Only line types that relate to Standard Codes of
practice shall be used.
All line work shall be clearly legible on plots of
reduced scale drawings

2.9.3

PLOTTED LINE WEIGHT

Line weight of different thickness shall be used to


facilitate the reading of a drawing. The thickness of
lines used may depend on the drawings purpose,
size, scale, and method of reproduction. (Section
3, Table 3.6.2 defines plotted line weight
requirements) In general, line weights shall be
chosen which prioritise elements in the drawing i.e.
priority elements have thicker line weights.
The number of different line thickness used on
each drawing shall be kept to a minimum and,
once determined, shall be used in a consistent
manner for the same type of drawings throughout
the project.
In general, outlines of elements cut in section
should be in a heavier line thickness than those of
plans and elevations

2.9.4

COLOURS AND
SCREENING (HALFTONING)

In general drawings shall have their plotted output


in monochrome. Where colour is required, for
example, to improve clarity and appearance of
drawings, as in
the case of presentation drawings, colours shall be
consistent across all drawings.
Topographical mapping background shall be
screened (plotted in halftone) so that the proposed
alignment work (solid lines) is more readable
against the mapping background. Refer to Section
3, Table 3.6.2 for colour assignments.

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2.10

TEXT

2.10.2 PLACEMENT OF TEXT IN


THE CAD FILE

2.10.1

GENERAL

Text and text leader arrows or annotations for


elements shall be placed in a single layer (level)
separated from the graphic elements of a drawing.

The following rules shall apply to the input of TEXT on


drawings:

The objective shall be to make all lettering highly


legible so that information can be communicated
with the minimal possibility of error in reading.
Lettering sizes shall be chosen such that it shall
remain legible when drawings are reduced to A3
size.

In general, text and text leader arrows or


annotations for elements contained in model files
(xrefs) shall be placed in separate model files.

2.10.3 TEXT SIZES


Text sizes and fonts shall be in accordance with

Lettering shall be consistent, both in size and


placement.
Lettering sizes for specific
applications, such as notes or titles, shall not vary
within the same drawing.
Where practical, lettering shall not be placed
directly on top of lines or symbols and shall be
readable from the bottom or from the right-hand
side of a drawing.
The purpose of annotation is to provide concise
information that cannot be easily conveyed
graphically. Notes of a general nature shall not
be spread over a drawing, but detailed
collectively.

Lettering shall be uniform, clear, sharp and


distinct. The mixing of lettering styles, sloping,
italic, and elaborate fonts shall not be permitted.

All text shall be regularly spaced, upright and


uppercase and not be underlined. Deviation
Titles under plans, details etc. are to be
underlined.

Where practical, on maps, lettering shall be


parallel to streets, rivers, lines, etc. so that it
reads horizontally from left to right and vertically
from the bottom to top when viewed from the
right-hand side of the drawing.

Page 12

Section 3.7.
For A1 size drawings the minimum text height for
drawing notes and annotation shall be 2.5mm.

2.11 DIMENSIONING
2.11.1 RULES OF
DIMENSIONING
The rules listed below shall be followed when
adding dimensions to drawings to ensure
uniformity and clarity: a)

Dimensions shall be placed on the drawing so


they may be read from the bottom or righthand side of the drawing. If it is essential to
dimension on an angle, that angle shall be on
the quadrant of the drawing that is readable
between the bottom and right-hand sides.

b)

Dimension text shall be placed above the


dimension line and shall be clear of other lines
so that it is legible.

c)

re practical, dimension lines shall not be


broken, except where it is absolutely
necessary to cross other dimension lines.

d)

Leader lines shall begin close to the object or


point to where the dimension refers. They may
be broken when crossing other lines or other
leader lines, if this adds to the clarity of the
drawing.

e)

Dimensions shall end in closed filled


arrowheads. Filled dots may be used in tightly

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grouped dimensions where arrowheads would


overlap.

2.13

f)

Dimensions shall not be duplicated within a


drawing.

2.13.1 REVISION CLOUDS AND


TRIANGLES

g)

In general all dimensions are to be shown in


millimetres unless otherwise stated each
dimension not drawn in those units stated in the
note shall have a suffix indicating its unit type

All revisions on the body of the plotted drawing


shall be clearly identified by a revision cloud and
triangle with the exception of drawings produced at
the Preliminary stage.

h)

The note ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES Each area in which a revision occurs shall be
UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED shall be included within ringed with a cloud and marked with an equilateral
the general notes of a drawing or set of drawings.
triangle containing the current revision letter.

i)

Where diameters are to be specified they shall


follow the form XXX (i.e. 150 ).

Clouding and revision triangles denoting the


previous revision shall be removed.

j)

Where the size in the note matches the units the


drawing is drawn in the unit type suffix shall be
omitted i.e. 75 BLINDING

2.13.2 REVISION DESCRIPTION

Where a radius is to be dimensioned the value


shall be prefixed withR(i.e. R500)

A concise description of each approved and issued


revision shall be entered into the revisiondescription column. The description shall be as
informative as

k)

REVISIONS

practical. Where a drawing has been completely


redrawn, this shall be indicated as such in the
revision description.
Words such as GENERALLY REVISED, MINOR
REVISIONS, or other broad descriptions shall not
be used as revision descriptions.

2.12

HATCHING AND
SHADING

Hatching used to indicate features of sections cut


through structures or sections cut through component
parts or assemblies need not be filled in its entirety
with the hatch pattern.
In order to keep file sizes down to a minimum hatching
and shading should be kept to the minimum necessary
to define areas clearly.
Hatching shall be consistent across all drawings on a
project.

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The earliest revision descriptions shall be deleted


when there is no space to include the current
revision within the revision column.

2.13.3 REVISION CODING


Revision/Issue coding shall follow the following
sequence:
Stage

Revision/Issue code

Design

01, 02, 03 .etc.

Tender

A, B, C .etc.

Construction

A, B, C, D...etc.

As Built

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As-built drawings shall have the previous revision


history removed from the revision/Issue column of the
drawing and all revision clouds and triangles remove

Where several drawings depict similar detail


and no other qualifications are available for
distinguishing between them,

the distinction shall be made by labelling each


drawing consecutively with sheet numbers, such as
SHEET 1 OF 5, SHEET 2 OF 5 etc.
Title
SECTION OF WORKS (LINE1)
DRAWING TITLE (LINE2)
DRAWING TITLE (LINE3)
DRAWING TITLE (LINE4)

2.13.4 DRAWING TITLE BLOCKS


AND SIGNATURES

2.14 DRAWING TITLE


BLOCKS

DRAWING TITLE (LINE5)


Figure 2.14.2

The date shall be in the format MMM/YY. I.e.


FEB 2003. The months shall be abbreviated
as shown in Table 2.14.2.1. The date shown
in the revision history box shall be in the
format DD/MMM/YY and shown numerically
I.e. 20/02/03.

2.14.1 DRAWING TITLE BLOCKS


In addition to the requirements described in this
Section, refer also to Section 3.4.9 and Appendix E for
requirements and examples of completed Title Blocks.

2.14.2 TITLE BLOCK COMPLETION


Drawing Title
The drawing title shall consist of a maximum of five
lines of centre-justified fields (see Figure 2.14.2):

Each drawing shall have both a unique drawing


number and drawing title.

The top line shall identify the specific area, or


section within the contract or may be left blank
where no such sections exist

The second third and fourth lines shall identify


the content or purpose of the drawing i.e.
CHAMBER
VC5/01
GENERAL
ARRANGEMENT

Page 14

Abbreviation

Month

Abbreviation

Month

JAN

January

JUL

July

FEB

February

AUG

August

MAR

March

SEP

September

APR

April

OCT

October

MAY

May

NOV

November

JUN

June

DEC

December

Table 2.14.2.1

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The issue DRAWING STATUS box shall be


completed describing the current status of the
drawing: -

a)

SKETCH - Not to be used for Construction

b)

PRELIMINARY - Not to be used for Construction

Where volume sets of drawings are required, they


shall include the following:

c)

TENDER - Not to be used for Construction

1)

d)

CONSTRUCTION

Cover Sheet: a description of the stage or


section of work to which the drawings refer.

e)

AS BUILT

2)

f)

BUILDING PERMIT
Construction

- Not to be used for

Index Sheet(s): a list of drawings and their


numbers in the particular volume. Where a
set of volumes is required, the list must
include all drawing numbers, listed volume by
volume.

The Scale field shall determine the original size


of the drawing prior to any plotted reduction i.e.
A1

Index sheets shall provide the following minimum


information for the format of the drawing list: -

The Drawn, Checked and Approved By shall


contain the first initials of the person who
performed or was responsible for the major
portion of the work at the first issue.

2.14.3

SIGNATURES

2.14.3.1 General
All initial issues of drawings, and all subsequent
Revision issues shall bear hand-written signature of
the certified checker of the drawing held within the
Revision History box as defined in Table 2.14.3
The amendment to a drawing shall be noted within the
Revision history box as follows:-

REV. AMENDMENTS
Signing Box

PS

18/03/03

BY

Date

CAD File

2.15

DRAWING VOLUMES

2.15.1 GENERAL

Contract Title Section of the Works


Dwg No.

Dwg. Title

CAD File Name-Rev

C001

Layout Plan

0001-QT00127-QT-A

C002

Key Plan

0002-QT00127-QT-B

Consideration should be given to the inclusion of


the following:
3)

General Notes and Abbreviation Sheets:


notes or abbreviations, which are in general,
use throughout the drawing set.

4)

Symbol Sheets: the symbols and


abbreviations used in the set of drawings.

5)

Common Detail Sheets: common details for


the sections that are used in the set of
drawings.

Hard Copy

REVISION BOX
Checked

Checkers
Initials

CAD

Checkers CAD
Initials Signature

Table 2.14.3

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Page 15

To ensure that the CAD drawing files produced


are formed and referenced in a consistent
manner.

To provide the information and procedures


necessary for CAD staff from one Originator to
access (and use as background reference),
information from a CAD file prepared by another
Originator.

To standardise the information in CAD files which


may be common to more than one Originator
such as drawing borders, title blocks, symbols,
etc.
Model Files and Drawing Files shall be used
together with level/layer features in the CAD
system, to determine that data has been correctly
structured in accordance with the standards
defined herein.

3.2

LEVEL OF COMPLIANCE

Certain types of drawing/model file are not directly


used for co-ordination purposes or master plan
updates, and in these cases there is some relaxation
in the expected levels of CAD Standards compliance.
The table below documents the minimum levels of
compliance for various drawing/model file types.

GAs/Layo
uts/Plans
3D
Models
Survey
Informatio
n
Destails
Sections
Elevations
Schedule
s
Schemati
cs
Noncompliant
supplied
data

X
X
X
X

X
X
X
X

Project drawings/model files may make use of non-compliant data


that is not covered by DD CAD standards. Only those parts of this
data that are modified by the Project need comply with the
requirements of the DD CAD standards

3.3

DEFINITIONS AND
ABBREVIATIONS

The following Definitions and Abbreviations shall


apply to this section.
Active Drawing

Block
MU
PU
SU
UOR
Seedfile
Template file
Prototype
drawing
Plot files
AutoCAD
Microstation
WCS
UCS
Reference File
Paperspace
Modelspace
Global Origin
Image File
Ltscale
Psltscale
Viewport

Page 16

Drames/Title Blocks

The objectives of the CAD Standards defined in this


Section are as follows:

File Naming

The purpose of this Section is to define the CAD


Standards to be adopted when producing CAD
drawings to ensure that a consistent approach and
presentation is achieved.

Block Naming

PURPOSE AND SCOPE

Line Styles

3.1

Text Height

CAD STANDARDS
Layer Naming

Text Styles

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Drawing file representing the final drawing deliverable


containing graphical entities such as lines, text, dimensions etc.
along with any reference file attachments.
A collection of AutoCAD entities grouped together into a single
CAD file.
Microstation Master Units
Microstation: Positional Units
Microstation: Sub Units
Microstation: Unit of Resolution
A prototype drawing file used for the creation of new
Microcstation drawings
A default drawing file containing consistent software settings,
Used for the creation of new AutoCAD drawings
A default drawing file created from a template file, containing
consistent drawing data and extents, used for the creation of
new AutoCAD drawings
A file representing the true plotted output of a drawing produced
at the time of plotting
Approved software CAD Package
Approved software CAD Package
AutoCAD: World Co-ordinate System
AutoCAD: User Co-ordinate System
A CAD drawing file to be used for externally referencing into an
Active drawing file
An environment within AutoCAD that allows for the composition
of a drawing
An environment within AutoCAD that contains graphical entities
drawn at true scale (1:1)
Co-ordinate position to which all new elements are drawn
relative too
A CAD file containing raster graphical entities of the type often
generated by scanning techniques
AutoCAD variable that effects the appearance of line styles
AutoCAD variable that effects the appearance of line styles
within viewports
In Autocad, a window created in Paperspace that sets a scale
and area at which modelspace entities are viewed and plotted

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3.4

REQUIREMENTS

The Organisational structure shall be modelled


using the Operating System folders and files. The
Organisational structure can therefore be

3.4.1 CAD SYSTEMS

implemented identically on all CAD systems.

All CAD produced drawings shall be produced using


DD or Originator approved CAD software only.

The Content shall be modelled directly in the CAD


system using the layering and file referencing
facilities of the system as described in this Manual.

The preferred development CAD platforms are


Autodesk AutoCAD R2002 or later. Or Bentley
Systems Microstation Version SE or later

3.4.4

SINGLE CAD SPATIAL


MODEL CONCEPTS

Software identified for use on a project shall be


consistent for all drawings produced on that project.

3.4.4.1

GENERAL

Where third party applications are used, Originators


shall ensure that the standards defined herein are
complied with unless situations make this impractical.

Where appropriate, projects should use the


concept of a single CAD Spatial model, which
covers the full extent of the project and is divided
into Model Files (reference files).

3.4.2 MENUS
The default pull down menus associated with CAD
software packages shall be used at all times; e.g.
ACAD.MNU used within AutoCAD. No customisation
of the default pull down menu shall be allowed.
Configurations, routines, symbols & blocks supporting
this document, shall be contained within a standard
DD.MNU and is to be adopted for all DD projects. No
local customisation of the DD menu shall be allowed.
To aid drawing production, custom menus may be
created at the discretion of the Originator. These
menus can be incorporated/loaded in addition to the
default menu as required.

3.4.3 CAD DRAWING FILE


ORGANISATION
The CAD database is defined in two parts:
1)

Organisational The physical of


drawing files on the CAD System.

2)

Content The elements that make up a specific


drawing file

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All plans, elevations and where possible sections


will be spatially located and orientated relative to
the project origin and datum. The single spatial
model will enable design co-ordination to be
carried out between disciplines and levels.
The single spatial model requires that data be
produced to a very strict discipline so that it is
readily retrieved from the database.
Operation &
Maintenance
Operation &
Maintenance

2D/3D Design
model files
(ref. files)

For use on
internet FTP
server
Single CAD
Spatial Model

Specialist
Design

2D/3D Design
model files
(ref. files)

3.4.4.2 DRAWING COMPOSITION


The 2D/3D model will be composed of many
2D/3D-model files and is considered to be the
master detail.
Active drawings are extracts from the CAD model.
E.g. a ground floor general arrangement drawing
will be constructed of; a column layout, grid layout
and ducting layout model files in modelspace, a
standard drawing frame, scale bar, standard notes
in paperspace.

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Size

Title

Filename

Block

Orientation

A1 (841x594)

Vertical

AutoCAD

Microstation

DD_A1V.d

DD_A1V.dgn

wg

Table 3.4.9 Standard Drawing Borders


Figure 3.4.4.2

3.4.8 TEMPLATE/SEED CAD


FILES

3.4.5 TYPICAL FOLDER


STRUCTURE

New drawings shall be created using


Template/Seed files established for the project.

Where a network is in operation, all CAD data shall


reside on that network. Project drawings and
associated CAD data must be stored within the
directory structure devised for the project.

Template/Seed files may contain the following


settings: a)

Global Origin (Microstation only)

Project directories shall be to each Originators own


company standards.

b)

Working units (Microstation only)

c)

View names

d)

Level/Layer standards

e)

Line and text conventions

f)

Dimension styles

g)

Drawing Border and Titleblock

h)

System variables

3.4.6 CAD FILE NAMING


CAD drawing filenames shall conform to each
Originators company standards.

3.4.7 SCALES
CAD entities shall be drawn at full scale (1 DRAWING
UNIT = 1 MEASUREMENT UNIT). Final plotted scale
shall be established during composition of the drawing
layout for plotting.
Originators using AutoCAD shall employ the PAPER
SPACE/ MODEL SPACE facility to establish drawing
layout and scales. All drawing entities shall reside in
MODEL SPACE with the exception of view ports,
general notes, revision clouding, title block and border.
AutoCAD VIEWPORTS are to be created in
PAPERSPACE, placed on the a non-plotting layer
DEFPOINTS or Z_VPORTS. The Z_VPORTS layer
shall be switched-off prior to plotting or saving the
CAD file.

Page 18

3.4.9 DRAWING BORDERS AND


TITLE BLOCKS
Standard drawing borders and title blocks shall be
established for the project and in general, be
attached as a reference file within the active
drawing file. (See Table 3.4.9 below for a list of
standard borders).
Title block fields shall be completed by updating
attribute block/data fields contained within the
active drawing.
Refer to Appendix E for sample completion of title
blocks

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3.4.10 TOPOGRAPHICAL
MAPPING
The use of purchased or supplied copies of
government, topographical mapping backgrounds are
strictly controlled. Files on loan shall not be copied for
any purpose or lent to a third party.
No unauthorised editing of survey/mapping data shall
be allowed.
In general base mapping shall be plotted using a thin
pen weight / half tone technique. Refer to 3.6.2 for
base mapping pen settings.

3.4.10 REVISIONS

The preferred method of attaching XREFS in


AutoCAD is using the overlay option.

Reference files shall be inserted on unique


layer that does not conflict with the general
content of the drawing. (i.e. layer Z_XREF in
AutoCAD)

Where applicable images are to be scaled and


located so that geometry within them matches
the project co-ordinate system.

Reference files shall be CLIPPED within the


Active drawing file to ensure that only the
design data relevant to the drawing is
displayed.

Completed AS-BUILT drawings shall have


reference files BOUND into the active
drawing creating a single CAD file of drawing
data.

Reference files issued externally or shared


between departments shall indicate revised
areas with a REVISION CLOUD and
TRIANGLE. A revision history shall be
maintained within the reference file. In
AutoCAD the revision history shall be placed
in PAPERSPACE. (See Appendices for
standard reference file title block)

Revision CLOUDING and TRIANGLE shall be


placed on a unique layer.
(Layer Z_REV in AutoCAD, level 60 in Microstation).
Superseded revision clouds and triangles shall be
deleted from the CAD file.

3.4.12 DRAWING ISSUE


Drawings issued to the DD shall be in DWG or DGN
format, unless a specific request is received an
alternative format. (i.e. PDF)
The preferred format for record copies of issued
drawings shall be in DWG or DGN format.

3.6

LINEWORK

3.6.1 LINE TYPES

3.5

REFERENCE FILES

The following rules shall apply to the handling of


project reference files:

Where CAD data is to be shared between


drawings the use of reference files is to be
adopted.
Active drawing files attached as reference files
shall not be allowed.

Unused reference files shall be detached upon


completion of drawings.

The number of reference files on a project shall


be kept to a minimum.

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Entity LINETYPE shall be set BYLAYER in


AutoCAD.
(Deviation Standard AutoCAD blocks)
The plotted appearance of LINETYPES shall be
consistent across all drawings.
The default AutoCAD LINETYPE source file shall
be used with the following PAPERSPACE settings:
Source File

ACAD.LIN

Ltscale

10

Psltscale

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In Microstation ACADLSTY.RSC shall be


as the default LINETYPE resource
file.

used

Discipline specific Linetype assignment shall be as


defined in regional LINETYPE libraries.

3.7

TEXT

3.7.1

FONTS

Permitted text fonts:Lines on a drawing that cannot be represented by


those in the default source files may be loaded from
the approved DD Custom Linetype file.
Modification of AutoCAD & Microstation default source
files is not permitted.
In general, drawings shall use the standard
LINETYPES as defined in Appendix E Pages 8, 9 and
10 Standard Line Types.

3.6.2

PLOTTED LINE WEIGHTS

Plotted line weights shall be as shown in Table 3.6.2


below.
AUTOCAD
Colour
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
30
80
96
130
170
253

Plotter Pen
No.
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7

Display
Screen Colour
Red
Yellow
Green
Cyan
Blue
Magenta
White
Red
Orange
Light Green
Dark green
Light Blue
Dark Blue
Light Grey

Plotted Line Weight


(mm)
Full
Half
Size
Size
0.18
0.090
0.35
0.175
0.50
0.250
0.70
0.350
0.12
0.060
0.35
0.175
0.25
0.125
0.60
0.300
0.35
0.175
0.60
0.300
0.35
0.175
0.60
0.300
0.35
0.175
0.20
0.120

AutoCAD
Font File

AutoCAD
Style
Name
ISOCP

ISOCP.SHX

ARIAL

ARIAL.TTF

Microstation
Font

CAD Usage

ISO

Technical/Engineering
drawings
Presentation
Drawings
AutoCAD
Presentation Drawings in
Microstation

HELV

Table 3.7.1 Text Fonts

The AutoCAD Styles shall have a default


height setting = 0.

Sloping, italic, and elaborate fonts are not


permitted.

The clear space between lines of text shall be


0.5 x the upper case height. (Microstation)

All text shall be left justified. Deviation: Titles


shall be centre justified and underlined.

Microstn
Weight No.
0
2
3
4
0
2
1
1
0
4
2
4
2
1

Table 3.6.2 - Plotted Line Weights

3.7.2

TEXT ASSIGNMENTS

The table below indicated approved texts with their


appropriate colour/application assignments:Plotted
Text
Height
(mm)
1.8

Width
Factor

0.18

RED

2.5

0.25

WHITE

3.5
5.0

1
1

2
3

0.35
0.50

YELLOW
GREEN

7.0

0.7

CYAN

Plotted Line Weight


MStn
Acad
Line Wt
(mm)

Usage
COLOUR

General
text,
Dimensions,
Notes used on
A3 & A4 only
where drawing is
not plotted at a
reduced scale.
General
text,
Dimensions,
Notes
Special Notes

In AutoCAD entity LINEWEIGHT for colours 10-255 is


set at 0.35(0.175).
In general Colour No.253 LINEWEIGHT 0.20mm shall
be used for Base Mapping.
For mono prints all Pen Nos except Pen No. 253 are
set to 7.
For Colour prints Pen Nos. 8-255 are assigned the
Pen no. as the colour

Table
3.7.2
Plotted
Height/Weight and Usage

Normal
Titles,
Drawing
Numbers,
Major Titles

Text

The text height adopted for a project shall be


consistent across all drawings unless situations
make this impractical.
The preferred text height for general text and notes
is 2.5mm. Deviation: Minimum 3.5mm text height
is to be used on A0 size.

Page 20

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

In AutoCAD entity COLOUR shall be assigned BY


LAYER. Deviation standard blocks.

3.11 CO-ORDINATE
SYSTEM AND
GLOBAL ORIGIN

3.9

3.11.1 CO-ORDINATES

3.8

COLOURS

HATCHING AND
SHADING

All hatching created shall be associative and placed


on its own unique layer/level.

3.10 DIMENSIONS
3.10.1 GENERAL

Automated dimensioning commands within CAD


software programs shall be used for creation and
editing of dimensions

The editing of dimension values via basic text


editing commands is not permitted

Dimension
Text Height

Extension
Line Offset

Extension
Line/
Extension

Stack
Offset

2.5mm

0.5

0.5

N/A

1.0

0.5

N/A

AutoCA

2.5mm

Dimex

Dimex

Dimdli

Dimas

Dimce

Dimcen

o=2

e=2

= 10

z = 2.5

n=1

=1

WORKING UNITS

3.12.1 GENERAL

Dimension
Text
Fit
?
2

Microstation
AutoCAD

Height

Centre
Mark

CAD
System
Micro
station

CAD System

3.11.2 GLOBAL ORIGIN

3.12

Width

Detail drawings and files not directly related to the


global co-ordinate system may use a local coordinate system.

To ensure correct relationship with the projects coordinate system, CAD systems shall set a global
origin common to valid Easting and Northings of
the co-ordinate system adopted for the project.

Dimensions shall be associative and placed on


their own unique layer / level

Arrow Size

All plans and profiles having a relationship with mapping grid or


levels shall be drawn maintaining the relationship between the
CAD co-ordinate system and map co-ordinate system adopted
for the project. The co-ordinate system may be based on a local
grid or a national grid system. Where national grid co-ordinates
are used, this shall be referred to as REAL WORLD coordinates within CAD.

Dimension
Gap
?
1.000

In general all drawings shall be drawn using: ONE DRAWING UNIT = 1 MILLIMETRE.
Topographical/mapping/civil/highways plans shall
be drawn using: ONE DRAWING UNIT = 1 METRE.
Working units for Microstation shall be as follows:

Colour
Lineweight
Code
(Microstation)
Plotted
Line weight
(AutoCAD)

Dimension
Text
White
1

Dimension
Line
Red
0

Extension
Line
Red
0

Arrow
Head
Red
0

0.25

0.18

0.18

0.18

MASTER UNIT (MU)

= m

SUB UNIT (SU)

= mm

POSITIONAL UNITS (PU) = 1

Table 3.10.1 - Standard Dimension Settings

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

Page 21

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

Within Plan and Profile drawings, where the


longitudinal section is required to be drawn at a
different vertical scale to the horizontal scale, the
horizontal axis shall be drawn at real scale (1 UNIT =
1 METRE) and the vertical axis shall be scaled to suit.
E.G. HORIZONTAL SCALE = 1:500
SCALE = 1:50

3.13

VERTICAL

SYMBOLOGY

Refer to Appendix E, Page12 and 13 for standard


symbols
Discipline specific symbols/blocks shall be obtained
from the standard regional block/cell libraries.

3.15 FILE VERIFICATION


CHECK
The following verification checks shall be
conducted by Originators on all CAD drawing files
produced prior to issue to the lead office.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
G)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
m)
n)
o)
p)

3.14

PLOTTING

q)

CAD format correct (i.e. AutoCAD R2002 or Microstation SE).


Drawing border format correct.
Title block correctly filled out
Filename correct
Working Units correct
Global Origin correct.
Text size and font correct & consistent
Orientations correct
Layer structure correct.
Elements on the correct layers/levels
Line weights and colours correct
Reference file attachment paths correct.
All reference file levels/layers correctly on or off
All unused reference files that are not displayed to be detached
A list mapping CAD filenames to drawing numbers correct and
included with issue as applicable.
All unused and unnecessary elements in a CAD file shall be removed.
I.e. Unused blocks, line types, text and dimension styles should be
purged/compressed from the drawing.
CAD Filenames correct and mapped to the equivalent drawing number
listed within the transmittal as appropriate.

Originators of drawings shall ensure that standard plot


configuration files are used across a project.
The following standard colour source files shall be
used:
AutoCAD:
Mono Full Size plotting: DD_MONO_A1.ctb
Mono Reduced plotting: DD_MONO_A3.ctb
Colour full size plotting: DD_COL_A1.ctb
Colour half size plotting: DD_COL_A3.ctb
Microstation:
Mono Full Size plotting: DD_MONO_A1.plt
Mono Reduced plotting: DD_MONO_A3.plt
Colour full size plotting: DD_COL_A1.plt
Colour half size plotting: DD_COL_A3.plt

Page 22

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

LAYERING

Layer naming for drawing files shall be in


accordance with the Layering convention
defined herein.

4.1

GENERAL

A standard layer coding shall apply to


common, non-specific discipline layers such
as text, dimensions, titles, drawing border etc.

Sharing of graphical information is fundamental to the


effective use of CAD and in this respect the benefits of
well-structured CAD files are significant. A wellstructured file requires close attention to many aspects
of its composition, especially to CAD layers.
By assigning specific elements to certain layers, the
user reduces drafting time and enables all parties to
view the projects graphical information more readily.
The terminology defined herein shall refer to layers
within a CAD drawing file that contain graphical
elements. The term Layers shall also be deemed to
refer to the Microstation term Levels

4.2

MODEL FILE LAYERING

The requirements for layer assignments to model files


(reference files) are specified below:

Individual model files shall be created for each


subject under each discipline, and all layers
used for model files shall be in accordance with
the Layering convention defined herein.

Text and Dimension elements must be placed in


layers/model/active drawing files separate from
the graphical elements.

Layers reserved as non-plotting layers shall be


turned off in the model file

The creation of new layers within a model file


shall be strictly controlled given the impact new
layers may have on the appearance of a drawing
that accesses the model file.

4.4

LAYER NAMING
CODING

4.4.1 AutoCAD
The layer naming convention is as follows: -

C_25OUT
Where:
1

Discipline Code

Line Weight

Element Identifier Code

Discipline Code (Field 1)


This code identifies the main type of works
contained in the drawing as listed in Appendix A.
For example Discipline Code C is for Civil
Engineering related works.
Line Weight Code (Field 2)
Lineweight code identifying intended plotted line
weight of the layer as follows: 18 = 0.18mm, 25 = 0.25mm, 35 = 0.35mm, 50 =
0.50mm, 70 = 0.70mm, 100 = 1.0mm
Element Identifier Code (Field 3)

4.3

ACTIVE DRAWING FILE


LAYERING

This code further identifies the element within the


classification. For example OUT would describe
thin general detail lines

The requirements for layer assignments to active


drawing files are specified below:

Individual drawing files shall adopt the specific


discipline layering convention

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

Page 23

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

4.4.1.1 Standard AutoCAD Core


Layers
AutoCAD standard core layers used for all nondiscipline related usage: Layer
Name

Line
Type

Plotted
Line Weight
MStn
Acad
Line
(mm
Wt
1
0.25

Trype Usage
Colour

CON

WHITE

Z_DIMS
Z_XREF
Z_DWGS
HT
Z_REV

CON
CON
CON

0
1
1

0.18
0.25
0.25

RED
WHITE
WHITE

CON

0.18

YELLOW

Z_NORTH
Z_SECMK

CON
CON

4
4

0.18
0.50

GREEN
GREEN

Z_18TEX
T
Z_25TEX
T
Z_35TEX
T
Z_50TEX
T
Z_70TEX
T

CON

0.18

RED

CON

0.25

WHITE

CON

0.35

YELLOW

CON

0.50

GREEN

CON

0.70

CYAN

Viewports Layer
(Layer does not
plot)
Dimensioning
Xref Layer
Title Block
Revision Clouds
and Triangle
North Point
Section and Detail
Marks
Text at respective
height
Text at respective
height
Text at respective
height
Text at respective
height
Text at respective
height

AutoCAD Layers
Structures General
Construction

AutoCAD layers used for general construction


drawings: -

Layer Name

Line
Type

Plotted
Line Weight
MStn
Acad
Line Wt
(mm
0
0.18

Width
Factor

Plotted Line
Weight
MStn
Acad
Liine
(mm)
Wt
2
0.18
1
0.25

CON
CON
CON

1
3

0.25
0.35

C_50OUT

CON

0.50

C_18PIPE

CON

0.18

WHITE
YELLO
W
GREE
N
RED

RED

C_18PIPEHI
D
C_50REBAR
S
C_18GRID

HID

0.18

RED

CON

0.50

CEN

0.18

GREE
N
RED

C_18HATCH
C_25DASH
C_25HID

CON
DASH
HID

0
1
1

0.18
0.25
0.25

RED
WHITE
WHITE

All very thin


outlines
All thin outlines
All outlines in
plan/elevation
All concrete
outlines in section
Pipework
outlines/fittings
Pipework hidden
lines
Reinforcement
details
Grid lines/map
grid lines
All hatching
Hidden detail
Hidden detail

Colour

CON
DASH
CON

0.35

WHITE

C-PIPESEXT

CON

0.50

MAGENTA

4.4.1.4

YELLOW
WHITE

Bund outlines
Existing
ground line
New/Proposed
ground line
Pipe section
and manholes

Layers Presentation and


Plans

AutoCAD layers used for Presentation and Plan


Type drawings (used in conjunction with the
General construction layer structure)
Layer
Name
EX_SEW_
ABD
EX_SEW_
RE

Line
Type
A

Plotted Line Weight


Acad (mm)
0
0.18

0.25

DAB_X

0.50

EX_SB

CENTER

0.70

EX_DAB

DAB_PR

0.50

U_ELECOH

E-OH

0.25

U_ELECUG

E-UG

0.25

U_HVOLT

HV

0.25

U_LVOLT

LV

0.25

U_FENCE
U_TEL

X
T

0.25
0.25

U_GAS
U_WATER
U-OILPIPE

G
W
O

0.25
0.25
0.25

U_FIBRE
OPTIC

FO

0.25

EX_DAB

Colour

C_25OUT
C_35OUT

Typical Usage

C_Bund
CEXTG_GRND
C-NEW-GRND

Typical Usage

C_18OUT

Page 24

AutoCAD Layers
Sewerage and Drainage
Long Sections

AutoCAD layers used for Sewerage and Drainage


Long Sections (used in conjunction with the
General construction layer structure)
Layer name

DEFPOIN
TS

4.4.1.2

4.4.1.3

Volume 6

Typical Usage
Colour
30
Abandon
Sewer Lines
30
Refurbishm
ent/refined/
Replaced
Sewer Lines
GREEN
Existing
Drainage
Area
Boundary
CYAN
Site
Boundary
GREEN
Proposed
Drainage
Area
Boundary
WHITE
Electrical
Cable
Overhead
WHITE
Electrical
Cables
Undergroun
d
WHITE
High
Voltage
Electrical
Cables
WHITE
Low Voltage
E;lectrical
Cables
WHITE
Fence Line
WHITE
Telephone
Line
WHITE
Gas Line
WHITE
Water Line
WHITE
Oil
Pipelines
WHITE
Fibre
Optic/CCTV
Cable

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

4.4.1.5 AutoCAD Layers Foul


Sewerage Network Plans
AutoCAD layers used for Foul Sewerage Network
Plan drawings as required by the CED-GIS
department (used in conjunction with the General
construction layer structure)
Plotted Line
Weight

Typical Usage

0.35
0.25
0.25
0.35

30
WHITE
WHITE
170

Sewer Lines
Sewer Diameter
Sewer Text
Rising Main Lines

2
3
4
0
0
1

0.25
0.35
0.35
025
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35

WHITE
30
30
WHITE
30
30
30
30
30
30
30
30

Rising Main Diameter


Manhole
Manhole One
Manhole Text
Valve Chamber
Discharge Chamber
Washout Chamber
Inspection Chamber
Flowmeter Chamber
Flushing Chamber
Pumping Station
Sewer Stub Pipe
(Line)
Sewer Stub Ernd
(Point)
House Connection
Houe
Connection
Stub Pipe
House Connection
Stub End
Flow Direction

EX_TSE_DIA

CON

0.25

WHITE

EX_TSE_TXT

CON

0.25

WHITE

EX_WTOWER
EX_TSEMH
EX_TSE_VC
EX_TSE_DCH

RM_EX
CON
DASH
DASH

4
3
0
1

0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35

240
240
240
240

035

240

0.35

240

0.35

240

Sewer Lines
Sewer Diameter
Sewer Text
Rising Main Lines
Rising Main Diameter
Manhole
Manhole One
Manhole Text
Valve Chamber
Discharge Chamber
Washout Chamber

EX_RM-DIA_
EX_MH
EX_MH1
EX_MH_TXT
EX_SEW_VC
EX_SEW_DCH
EX_SEW_WCH
EX_SEW_ICH
EX_SEW_FMC
EX_SEW_FCH
EX_SEW-PS
EX_SEW_ST_L
EX_SEW-ST_N

DASH

0.35

30

HID
HID

0.35
0.35

20
20

EX_HC_ST_N

HID

EX_SEW_FLO
W
PR_SEW
PR_SEW_DIA
PR_SEW_TXT
PR_RM

CON

PR_RM-DIA_
PR_MH
PR_MH1
PR_MH_TXT
PR_SEW_VC
PR_SEW_DCH
PR_SEW_WC
H
PR_SEW_ICH
PR_SEW_FMC
PR_SEW_FCH
PR_SEW-PS
PR_SEW_ST_
L
PR_SEW-ST_N

0.35

20

0.25

WHITE

CON
CON
CON
RM_P
R
CON
CON
CON
CON
DASH
DASH
DASH

0
1
3
4

0.60
0.25
0.25
0.60

2
3
4
0
0
1

0.25
0.35
0.35
025
0.35
0.35
0.35

10
WHITE
WHITE
13
0
WHITE
20
20
WHITE
20
20
20

DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH

0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35

20
20
20
20
20

DASH

0.35

20

PR_HC
PR_HC_ST_L

HID
HID

0.35
0.35

20
20

PR_HC_ST_N

HID

0.35

20

PR_SEW_FLO
W

CON

0.25

WHITE

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

Inspection Chamber
Flowmeter Chamber
Flushing Chamber
Pumping Station
Sewer Stub Pipe
(Line)
Sewer Stub End
(Point)
House Connection
House Connection
Stub Pipe
House Connection
Stub End
Flow Direction

EX_TSE

TSE-EX

EX_TSE_WCH

DASH

EX_TSE_ICH

DASH

EX_TSE_FMC

DASH

0.35

Colour

Colour

0
1
3
4

DASH
CON
CON
RM_E
X
CON
CON
CON
CON
CON
DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH

EX_HC
EX_HC_ST_L

Typical Usage

Plotted
Line
Weight

Acad (mm)

EX_SEW
EX_SEW_DIA
EX_SEW_TXT
EX_RM

Line
Type

MStn Line
Wt

Layer Name

Acad (mm)

Line
Type

AutoCAD layers used for Treated Sewerage


Effluent Network Plan drawings as required by the
CED-GIS department (used in conjunction with the
General construction layer structure)

MStn Line Wt

Layer Name

4.4.1.6 AutoCAD Layers Treated


Sewerage Effluent
Network Plans

240

EX_TSE_FCH

DASH

0.35

240

EX_TSE_PS
EX_STW

DASH
DASH

0.35
0.35

240
240

EX_TSE_ST_L

DASH

0.35

240

EX_TSE-ST_N

DASH

0.35

240

EX_TSE-FLOW
PR_TSE

CON
TSE-PR

0.25
0.35

WHITE
210

PR_TSE_DIA

CON

0.25

WHITE

PR_TSE_TXT
PR_WTOWER

CON
TSE_PR

3
4

0.25
0.35

WHITE
210

PR_TSEMH
PR_TSEMH_TXT
PR_TSE_VC
PR_TSE_DCH

CON
CON
CON
CON

3
0
0
1

0.35
0.35
0.35
035

200
WHITE
200
200

PR_TSE_WCH

CON

0.35

200

0.35

200

0.35

200

PR_TSE_ICH

CON

PR_TSE_FMC

CON

PR_TSE_FCH

CON

0.35

200

PR_TSE_PS
PR_TSE_STW
PR_TSE_ST_L
PR_TSE-ST_N
PR_TSE-FLOW

CON
CON
CON
CON
CON

0.35

200
210
200
200
WHITE

0.35
0.35
0.25

Treated Effluent
Lines
Treated Effluent
Diameter
Treated Effluent
Text
Water Tower
Manhole
Valve Chamber
Discharge
Chamber
Washout
Chamber
Inspection
Chamber
Flowmeter
Chamber
Flushing
Chamber
Pumping Station
Sewerage
Treatment Works
Sewer Stub Pipe
(Line)
Sewer Stub End
(Point)
Flow Direction
Treated Effluent
Lines
Treated Effluent
Diameter
TSE Text
Rising
Main
Lines
Manhole
Manhole Text
Valve Chamber
Discharge
Chamber
Washout
Chamber
Inspection
Chamber
Flowmeter
Chamber
Flushing
Chamber
Pumping Station
Stub Pipe (Line)
Stub End (Point)
Flow Direction

Page 25

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

4.4.1.7

AutoCAD Layers Surface


Ground Water Network
Plans

AutoCAD layers used for Surface Ground Water


Network Plan drawings as required by the CED-GIS
department (used in conjunction with the General
construction layer structure)
Plotted Line
Weight

Typical Usage

SGW_
EX
CON

0.35

96

EX_SGW_DIA

0.25

WHITE

EX_SGW_TXT
EX_SGWMH
EX_SGWMH_TXT
EX_SGW_VC
EX_SGW_DCH

CON
DASH
CON
DASH
DASH

3
3
0
0
1

0.25
0.35
0.25
0.35
0.35

WHITE
96
WHITE
96
96

EX_SGW_WCH
EX_SGW_ICH

DASH
DASH

035
0.35

96
96

EX_SGW_FMC

DASH

0.35

96

EX_SGW_FCH
EX_SGW_PS
EX_OFCH
EX_SGW_ST_L
EX_SGW-ST_N
EX_GC
EX_GL
EX_LD
EX_SAW
EX_SGW-FLOW
PR_SGW

0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.25
0.60
5
0.25

96
96
96
96
96
96
96
96
96
WHITE
80

PR_SGW_DIA

DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH
DASH
HID
HID
HID
HID
CON
SGW_
PR
CON

PR_SGW_TXT
PR_SGWMH
PR_SGWMH_TPR
PR_SGW_VC
PR_SGW_DCH

CON
CON
DASH
DASH
DASH

3
4
0
1

0.25
0.60
0.35
0.35
0.35

WHITE
90
90
90
90

PR_SGW_WCH
PR_SGW_ICH

DASH
DASH

035
0.35

90
90

PR_SGW_FMC

DASH

0.35

90

PR_SGW_FCH
PR_SGW_PS
PR_OFCH
PR_SGW_ST_L
PR_SGW-ST_N
PR_GC
PR_GL
PR_LD
PR_SAW
PR_SGW-FLOW

DASH
DASH
CON
DASH
DASH
CON
CON
CON
CON
CON

0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.25

90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
WHITE

EX_SGW

Page 26

Colour

Acad (mm)

Line
Type

MStn Line Wt

Layer Name

WHITE

Surface
Water
Lines
Surface
Water
Diameter
Surface Water Text
Manhole
Manhole Text
Vavle Chamber
Discharge
Chamber
Washout Chamber
Inspection
Chamber
Flowmeter
Chamber
Flushing Chamber
Pumping Station
Outfall Chamber
Stub Pipe (Line)
Stub End (Point)
Gully Connection
Gully
Land Drain
Soakaway
Flow Direction
Surface
Water
Lines
Surface
Water
Diameter
Surface Water Text
Manhole
Manhole Text
Valve Chamber
Discharge
Chamber
Washout Chamber
Inspection
Chamber
Flowmeter
Chamber
Flushing Chamber
Pumping Station
Outfall Chamber
Stub Pipe (Line)
Stub End (Point)
Gully Connection
Gully
Land drain
Soakaway
Flow Direction

4.4.2

Microstation

A standard layer coding shall be applied to all


types of Microstation drawings in accordance with
table 4.4.3 below. The table indicates the standard
layers generally reserved for standard elements
contained within a drawing e.g. title block text, grid
lines, dimensions, rev clouds etc.
Originators shall adopt a consistent layer usage for
each subject under each discipline within the User
Definable structure
Level No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Usage
Title Block text/drawing number
Grid Lines
Grid Text
Notes
Scale Bars
North Point
Legends
Section and Detail Marks
Dimensions
User Definable Levels 10 59
Current Revision clouds and marks
Non plotting layer
File Data Sheet (FDS)
Construction lines/ref clip boundaries (Non plotting)

60
61
62
63

Table 4.4.3

4.5

DISCIPLINE LAYER
STRUCTURES

For discipline specific layer structures refer to


Section 7 Specific Regional Requirements.

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

DRAWING
NUMBERING AND
CAD FILE NAMING
CONVENTIONS

When attaching an XREF in AutoCAD the


reference name shall be truncated to show only the
file name and not the complete location path so as
to place the attached layers at the end of the layer
list.

5.1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE


This Section defines the conventions for the
numbering of drawings and for the naming of CAD
files that contain a projects drawing data.

5.1

DRAWING NUMBERING

5.2.1 DRAWING NUMBERING


CONVENTION
Drawings shall be assigned a unique number in
accordance with the conventions defined by each
consultant/contractors own standards:

5.2.2 CAD FILE NAMING


CONVENTION
Each project drawing shall reside in a single CAD file
i.e. CAD files shall not contain multiple contract
drawings.

5.2.3 MODEL FILE NAMING


(XREFS) CONVENTION
To facilitate easy identification of reference files and to
avoid conflict with the standard layering names,
reference files shall be begin with an identification
code denoted by the letter X
The current reference file shall also contain a revision
code E.g. 01.
The reference file shall also contain a short explicit
description of the content of the reference file i.e.
ALIGN indicates the reference file contains the project
alignment data.
E.g. X_01_ALIGN

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

APPENDIX A DISCIPLINE/CLASIFICATION
CODES
Table A1 Discipline Codes
A

Architectural

Not used

Civil Engineering

Not used

Electrical Engineering

Fire

Geotechnical

Highways

Instrumentation & Process Design

Not used

Facades

Landscaping / Land Development

Mechanical Engineering & HVAC

Not used

Ordnance Survey and Surveys

Ports, Harbours and Marine

Not used

Railways

Structures

Transport / Traffic

Utilities

Environmental

Water

Not Used

Hydraulics

General (non-disciplinary)

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Volume 6

CAD Manual

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

APPENDIX B - STANDARD LAYER CODES


FOR AUTOCAD

Table B2 Layer Linetype Codes


CO

Continuous

Standard Layer Codes to be used for layer


name composition within AutoCAD.

DO

Dot

HID

Hidden

Table B1 Layer Descriptor Codes

DASH

Dashed

DD

Dashdot

Descriptor

Description

DIV

Divide

ALIGN

Highway Alignment

CE

Center

BRWK

Brickwork

BO

Border

BEAM

Beam

PH

Phantom

BRAC

Bracing

CONC

Concrete

COL

Column

DIMS

Dimensions

DWGSHT

Drawing Sheet

EWK

Earthworks

FWAY

Footway

FURN

Street Furniture / Furniture

FNCE

Fence

GRID

Grid

HATCH

Hatch

LVLS

Levels

NORTH

North Point

OUT

Outlines (Concrete/Walls)

PILE

Pile

PIPE

Pipe

ROAD

Road / Kerb lines

REV

Revision Cloud & Triangle

RC

Reinforcement

SECMK

Section Marks

STWK

Steelwork

TRAF

Traffic Markings

TIMB

Timber

XREF

Xreference

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CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

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State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

APPENDIX C AUTOCAD TITLE BLOCK


ATTRIBUTE DEFINITIONS
Table C1 AutoCAD Attribute Definitions for
standard Title Block completion

Table C3 AutoCAD Definitions for


Standard Reference File Title Block
Competition
Tag

Prompt

Description

Tag

Prompt

Description

PROJECT1

Project Title 1

Project Title Line 1

DNO

Drawing No.

Drawing No.

REV

Revision Code

Revision/Issue letter

PROJECT2
PROJECT3
PROJECT4
PRONO

Project Title 2
Project Title 3
Project Title 4
Project No.

TITLE1

Title 1

Drawing Title Line 1

TITLE2

Title 2

Drawing Title Line 2

PROCODE

Project
No.

Project Title Line 2


Project Title Line 3
Project Title Line 4
Project No. as defined by the
Consultant/Contractor
Project Code No. as defined
by the Consultant/Contractor

TITLE3

Title 3

Drawing Title Line 3

TITLE4

Title 4

Drawing Title Line 4

TITLE5

Title 5

Drawing Title Line 5

STATUS

Drawing Status

Drawing Status, i.e. Design,

SCALE

Global Scale

Overall scale of drawing

DRAWN

Designed by

Designed by

CHECKED

Checked by

Drawing Checker

APPROVED

Approved by

Drawing Approver

CADFILE

CAD Filename

Code

Preliminary., Tender etc

CAD File used to plot the final


drawing

Table C2 AutoCAD Attribute Definitions for


Standard Revision Block Completion
Tag

Prompt

Description

REV

Revision Code

Revision/Issue Letter

DESCR1

Issue Description Line 1

Issue Description Line 1

DESCR2

Issue Description Line 2

Issue Description Line 2

DESCR3

Issue Description Line 3

Issue Description Line 3

DESCR4

Issue Description Line 4

Issue Description Line 4

DESCR5

Issue Description Line 5

Issue Description Line 5

DESCR6

Issue Description Line 6

Issue Description Line 6

BY

Issue Approved By

Issue Approved By

DATE

Issue Date

Date of Issue

Page 30

Volume 6

CAD Manual

1st Edition June 2005 - Copyright Ashghal

State of Qatar Public Works Authority


Drainage Affairs

APPENDIX D AUTOCAD LISP ROUTINES


Schedule of standard AutoCAD LISP Routines
used/developed top assist in drawing
production of drawings for the Drainage
Department.
Table D1 AutoCAD LISP Routines
Routine Name

Volume 6

Description

CAD Manual

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