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Engineering project and research

h on:-

Power OPEX Saving Expert Project


Prepared
P
db
by: Soran Hama Ghafor Ahmed
Specialty: - Mechanical Engine
eer
Membership ID: -

2954

I d
Indexes
:-

1-CDC Hybrid Solution Energy in


n brief
2-CDC Hybrid Power Systems Reeport Objectives
3-Define the thrust of a new progrram:
4-Conclusion
5H
5-Huawei
i Hybrid
H b id Solution
S l ti Introd
I t duction
ti
6-Special designed ESS for differeent scenarios
77-Huawei
Huawei Hybrid Solution trail teest & results
8-Case Study ( consumption Causse high OPEX)
9-Feature and Benefits
10-Proposed Hybrid solution

eferences :-

Huawei Technologies Co. LTD


D
Asiacell site & communication
n equipments
equipment s

CDC Hybrid iin Brief

elecoms operators seek the next billion subscribers


s
over the next five
s, their focus is shifting to developing markets
m
from which, according
yramid Research, 90% of new subscribeers will come.

nding the network in these markets is a challenge; there is no


ricity grid infrastructure or in some casses connection to an
liable grid.
grid For some wireless operatorss 70% of the trouble tickets
power related and often the only option is to send an engineer to site.
n the power goes it takes time to resolvee and valuable network
nue is lost.

common option is to run a diesel generaator 24/7 and live with the problems of
l supply in remote areas, as well as thefft and network downtime due to power
ges. In addition, excessive generator wear and tear due to sub-optimal
sub optimal runtime
s (e.g. a 17kVA generator powering a 2k
kW telecoms load) results in increased
cing and decreased operating life meaaning that the generator needs to be
aced frequently.
freq entl

problems associated with blackouts or brownouts


b
in a network with an
liable grid present another set of challen
nges. The common approach is to use a
ery bank with a fuel cell or a diesel geneerator for power back
back-up.
up. However, wit
management or control platform the perfformance is improved but not optimize
erformance or equipment lifetime

CDC Hybrid Power Sy


ystems Report Objectives

ybrid Power Solution is one that takes a power source, such as a diesel generat
ombines that with an energy storage sysstem, such as a battery bank. The batte
meets the day-to-day site power load an
nd when its state of charge reaches a
ured threshold, then the controller starrts the generator and the site is powered
ator which also recharges
g the batteries. The ggenerator is running
g under near f
conditions and therefore is in optimum efficiency mode.

ically, the generator will run for 4-6


ically
4 6 hou
urs to charge the battery bank under fu
s opposed to running 24 hours a day at 30% of its capacity just keeping the sit
red this results in up to 50% diesel savving. The overall result is reduced fuel c
r equipment service life and fewer refueeling and maintenance site visits.

followingg diagram
g
illustrates the keyy coomponents
p
of a Generator-Batteryy Hyb
y
r solution.

PowerOasis Generator-Battery Hybrid


d Power solution measures all key sensor
to optimize system performance.
performance The data
d
is stored locally and then uploaded
tral PowerOasis Manager in the networrks operations Centre. The result is
ed fuel costs, longer equipment service life and fewer refueling and maintenanc
sits.
it

purpose of CDC system to provide longger backup in case of grid source and
ators failure (manually or automaticallyy), to reduce the OPEX of Power source
minimization of fuel consumption. By ussing Deep cycle batteries for longer
p,

ase of lonely generator source available,, during the fully charging of batteries
GS will
ill be
b automatically
t
ti ll shut
h t off
ff and
d on
n 60% DOD tto will
ill return
t
to
t duty
d t
atically. In this way DG OPEX (fuel con
nsumption cost and operational with
ntive maintenances) will be minimized.

ery Profiling :-

cycle batteries are used to store en


nergy between generator runs and
de power to the telecoms loads. Battery life is dramatically influence
te of charge management, which must
m
follow the manufacturers
ng profile if battery life is to be m
maximized and warranties adhered
iagrams below illustrate one of thee many programmable battery
ng profiles implemented by PowerOasis Smart Hub Controller. Th
art shows the battery state of charrge and the bottom chart shows th
ponding battery current.

ing the bulk charge phase (also describeed as constant current or UI phase)
battery charge acceptance is high and th
he power system is in current limit,
er delivery to the battery during this ph
hase is optimal and limited only by
power source. In
I th
the b
bulk
lk charge
h
phase
h
approximately
i t l 80 90% off battery
b tt
rge can be returned.

e absorption charge phase returns the battery to full state of charge, in this
se the battery voltage has reached that of
o the power system and the charge
rent reduces. This constant voltage stagee of the cycle is less efficient in terms
ower return but necessary to fully rechaarge a battery.
float charge is required for long term maintenance
m
of batteries on standby
li ti
lication,
the
th charge
h
voltage
lt
is
i reduced
d d and
a db
battery
tt
currentt att llow residual
id l
ls. The float charge is only required wheere commercial power is available for
nded periods.

ry
y state of charge
g is monitored usingg hiighly
g y accurate p
patent p
pending
g coulomb
ting algorithms to avoid battery damagee from undercharging or over-charging
tate of charge, combined with high and
d low voltage disconnect thresholds, are
by PowerOasis Smart Hub Controller to
t control rectifiers,
rectifiers which govern the
r used to charge the batteries.

rOasis tests and certify the performancce of each battery system and can
fore recommend solutions based on the performance and cost criteria of the
oms operator.PowerOasis
p
has undertakeen extensive testingg with EnerSys
y and
mmends its Eon battery for telecoms app
plications. EnerSys will provide a highe
warranty when their batteries are contrrolled by a PowerOasis system.
rOasis has undertaken extensive testingg with SAFT and recommends its
on Lithium-ion battery for long term teelecom applications.

ine the thrust of a new progra


am:

educe or eliminate noise of generators and


a emission Problem.
event/reduce power trespassing since th
he produced power is DC only
creasing network from 30% to100% ( 21hours
2
autonomy plus 8 hours backup
crease installation contractor ( the soluttion is plug and play)
quipped
i
d with
ith Solar
S l & Wi
Wind
d power tto iincrease saving
i
mote Management for all equipments
ompile
p a set of activities that mayy tap
p in
nto existingg Technology
gy p
programs
g
to
in the gaps
oordinate but not overlap with technoloogy programs
mulate innovative thinking that leads too creative business
ortunities
courage cross-programmatic interactioons and benefits

nclusion

owerOasis we take a systematic approaach to dramatically reduce power OPEX


ng solutions that optimize the Return on
n Investment (ROI) for the Telecoms
or. PowerOasis
P
O i undertake
d t k a six-stage
i t
Se
Services
i
Model
M d l to
t identify
id tif those
th
base
b
sta
t
ith compelling power reduction opportu
unities.

C Hybrid power systems can offer solutiions and value to Customers that indivi
logies cannot match (communications and
a network field). The approach is cen
viding a Total Cost of Ownership (TCO
O) model comparing new alternatives wi
g (benchmarked) data. In addition, the approach enables the Telecoms Operat
e CAPEX iinvestment
t
t with
ith OPEX savin
ings. In
I some cases, it iis useful
f l to
t deploy
d l
ted solution to rapidly gain OPEX savin
ngs and then to re-invest these saving to
de the site to get additional OPEX savin
ng.

brids offer market entry strategies for technologies


t
that cannot currently
pete with the lowest-cost traditional Opttions.

me renewable CDC Hybrid power systeems are commercially available today a


d be outsourced to our region for furtheer study & instant utilization especially
ural
ral areas
areas.

tiative with an emphasis on distributed


d applications that currently existing in
llel to the main technology focus & Desiign.

r minimum coherence with the new tech


hnology focus, it could be a considerabl
enge to study it within university courses for new engineering generation.

nergy Worldwide Applications .


52,000+ siteswithhybridpowersolution
60,000+ Minishelter
700,000+powersystem
80+ countries, 130+operators

130+ servicebranches spreadallovertheworld


1100+professionalpartners
7X24 hoursservice
Localizedserviceclosetocustomers

DC Hybrid Power Solution

The Major Difference


Hybrid VS Tradi
: Battery

Special Designed ESS for Diffe


erent Scenarios

FCB E
Energy St
Sto
orage System
S t
Fast Charge
e Battery

CB E
Energy St
Storage System
S t
Deep Cycle Battery
features

g cycle life and high current


harging performance

Cycle life : 2000 times @ 60%


DOD, 25

ACB Energy Storage Syste


Advanced Cycle Battery

Key features

Key features

Higher current charg


ging performance

Longer cycle life,


life High density &
save space

z
z
z

Max. working temperature 35.

Maximum charging current up to 0.3C


Shorten 50% charg
ging time
Cycle life : 1500 timees @ 40% DOD,

Cycle life : 3500 times @ 85% D


35;

High energy
energ efficienc
efficiency is more th
95%;

25;
z

Fully recovered to 100% capacity

Battery efficiency more


m
than 90%

Save 1/2 weight & 1/3 volume

BHybridSolutionforsite

DA supply >=6 Hrs


DAsupply>=6Hrs

is:WAPDA+D.G.

Benefits:

MaximizeutilizationofWAPDA, OnlyuseWAPDA

ACB,AGMBatteryusedforBackup;

RemoveD.G.andZeroFuel&Maintenancecost;

Cycle life of AGM/GEL/ACB 35:

Advanced Cycle battery


Tobe:WAPDA+ACB

3500 cycles
y
700 cycles
400 cycles

BHybridSolutionforcitysite

DA supply >=12 Hrs


DAsupply>=12Hrs

Maximize utilization of WAPDA OnlyuseWAPDAan


MaximizeutilizationofWAPDA,
Only use WAPDA an

Accept0.3C fastcharge, Batterychargingtimesavin

increasechargingcurrent;

Remove D G and Zero Fuel & Maintenance cost;


RemoveD.G.andZeroFuel&Maintenancecost;

Chargetimevs.differentcurrent
Tobe:WAPDA+FCB

ChargeCurrent(C10A)

Asis:WAPDA+D.G.

Benefits:

0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
3.89E1
0

ChargeTime(h)
0.1C

0.3C

BHybridSolutionforSuburban
nandRuelsite

DA supply < 12 Hrs


DAsupply<12Hrs

Life
LifeCyclecanachieve2000times@60%DOD
Cycle can achieve 2000 times @ 60% DOD
DCB2000CyclesVS.AGM400Cycles.
IntelligentBatteryChargingManagementProlongbattery
by40%.

Cycle Life vs. DOD

Tobe:WAPDA+DCB+D.G.
CycleNumber

s:WAPDA+D.G.

Benefits:

8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0

2000cycles
1200cycles
600cycles
0

20

40
60
DOD(%C
DOD(%
C10)

DeepCycle

GEL

80
AGM

Dual Power Solution-ECS

tures:

Items

Parameter
FullLoadcurrent

pecial designed DC power system

InputAC220V/380V

Support high battery charge current, which can reach up to 0.3C

AC input source automatic adaption technology, which can adjust and

200A/50A

Capacity

176Vac~290Vac, 100%out
RatedVoltage

imit the charge current base on the capacity of AC input to avoid

90Vac~175Vac ,degradedo

suddenly shut down the AC input source (Grid/D.G.)

RatedOutput53.5VDC

Battery big current charge soft start technology and charge current

Ambient

automatic adjustment technology less battery temperature raise

ACDB
ACDB

emote monitoring method by GPRS \ IP and in-band

z13U

standard 19inch spare space offered

Temperature

2050

ACinput
SPD
Batteryconnection

63A/3P*1 (MCCB)
ClassB
160A*2(Fuse)
63A4(Fuses)

LLVD
DCDB
DCDB
BLVD
SPD
Communications
Size/Weight

32A2+16A2(MCCB,cane
63A2(Fuses)
32A2+10A2(MCCB)
10kA/15kA
DrycontactRS232/485

7657001550mm(WDH)
150kg(WithoutBattery)

Coolingmode

Freecooling,Heatexchange

Dual Power Solution-DC Air-Co


onditioner Battery Cabinet

Multiplefilmswhichcanisolatethesunradi
l l fl
h h
l
h
d
Cabinetsupportbatteryinstallation400/650
bankor200AH*2bank
Highefficiencycoolingsystem,suitableforh
g e c e cy coo g syste , su tab e o
temperaturescenariousing

DC air-conditioner battery cabinet

Base
aterial
teel)

otection
m

10

2Zinc
coating

3 Surface
treatment
film

4Prime
painting

5
Surface
painting

7Zinc
coating

8Surface
treatment
film

9Prime
painting

10Back
k
painting

Items

Parameter

Cooling unit

DC air-conditioner

Rating supply voltage

DC 48V

Cooling capacity

1000W

Rated input power

300w

Working ambient temperature

-15 +55 deg

Dimension (L*D*H)

905*1085*2155 (mm)

Weight

250kg

Panel board

Sandwich panel

Shelter structure

Assembled

ontent

CDC Hybrid Solution Introd


duction
Hybrid Trial Site Test Report
R

Case Study

Hybrid Solution Design for Asia


acell

verview of Hybrid Power Trial Site


S

Orig
ginal

Hybrid

BTS

BTS3012AE

BTS3012AE

DC average consumption

160
00W

1600W

Battery Cabinet

IBBS (TEC)

Mini-shelter (Air-con)

Battery Capacity / Type

2*150A
Ah / AGM

2*420Ah / DCB

R tifi
Rectifier

90
0A

90A

Page 26

verview of Hybrid Power Trial Site


S

Orig
ginal

Hybrid

BTS

BTS3
3900A

BTS3900A

DC average consumption

130
00W

1300W

Battery Cabinet

IBBS (TEC)

Mini-shelter (Air-con)

Battery Capacity / Type

2*150A
Ah / AGM

1*600Ah / DCB

Rectifier

90
0A

90A

Page 27

Method of Test Operation


p
Suly--CHWAR BAKH SITE
BTS3900A
Duration

Status

Target

2011-06-10

Installation Finished

Test Temperature , Alarm and Operating

2011-07-072011-07-17

Main Power OFF (By Manuall)

Test Battery Performance

2011 07 18 Present
2011-07-18Present

Main Power ON

Test Actual Performance & Reliability

acell-BTS3900A

R BAKH SITE

Mains Running

D.G. Running

Battery
y Running

Battery Total

Battery Total

Fuel Cons

Hours

Hours

Hours

Charge Times

Discharge Times

Overall (L

07070717

Main Power OFF

118

1
170.6

19

20

27

329

55

16

15

07190803

Main Power ON

Average Charge time: 6.16 H


Average Discharge time: 8.53 H
Average Cycle time per day : 1.7 (Life Time 3 Years )
Fuel Consumption per Hour : 2.31
2 31 L

Hybrid Solution Test Result


Main Power On

al (Before)

Average

Power Outage Hours

unning Hours

y Running Hours

al (Before)

P
Power
O
Outage
t
Hours
H

Huawei Hybrid (After)

4 08
4.08

Daily Main Power Outage Hours

4.08

Daily D.G Running Hours

Daily Battery Running Hours

Average

Huawei Hybrid (After)

24

Daily Main Power Outage Hours

24

unning Hours

Main Powe
er Off

y Running Hours

Daily D.G Running Hours


Daily Battery Running Hours

D.G.
G Doesn't Need To Work In Kurdistan Area
A
0 CO2 0 Generator Maintenance 0 Fuel & Refueling
D.G. Running Time Reduced 59% When No Main Power Available
59% Running time reduced 1+1 Diese
el Generator reduced to 1+0

allenge :Consumption Caus


se High OPEX

of Mains and fuel in Pakistan (USD)

Mains Outage in Pakistan (hours / day)

Provinc
P
i
e
Mains
g
outage
(hours/
day)
2007

2008

2009

MainsUSD/KWH

2010

Punjab

Sindh

Baluchistan

town

village

town

village

town

villag
e

town

54
5.4

84
8.4

58
5.8

86
8.6

59
5.9

84
8.4

59
5.9

2011

INFORMATION FORM WAPD

Fuel(USD/L)

Average energy consumption costt per site of entire network (USD/year)


Operator

Mobilink

Telenor

Ufone

Cmpak

Warid

Mains supply

5 833
5,833

3 805
3,805

3 623
3,623

3 707
3,707

3 849
3,849

Diesel oil

8,750

5,707

5,434

5,561

8,398

Total

14,583

9,512

9,057

9,268

12,247

Information form Operator Bu


udget(2010 ) Operator Annual Report (2009) ; Huawei Analysis (20

gy consumption accounts for more than 60% in OPEX which is main challenge to operat
Page 30

CB solution-Urban Area
Phase 1: 130 sites
Phase-1:
Phase-2: 686 sites

Beyond 07
Traditional solution: Mains + D.G.
DG

ACDB

Propositional solution: Mains + FCB

Benefit

move D.G., maximizing the use of Mains through the FCB


B

arging time shorten to 1/3, ensure battery life and site sta
ability

urn on investment time is less than 2 years

Page 31

CB : Reduce TCO Greatly


y
USD

Outdoor site TCO analysis

Rebuild outdoor sites, a payback


Saving

within 17 months

Single site annual save 5100USD


2500 outdoor sites rebuild with

FCB, The average annual total sa


FCB

USD

more than 12 million USD.

Traditional Battery

Indoor site TCO analysis

Rebuild
R b ild iindoor
d
site,
it a payback
b k pe
Saving

11 months

Single site annual save 8832USD

outdoor sites rebuild with FCB, Th

annual total savings more than 4.5


FCB

Traditional D.G.

USD

Page 32

PEX Analysis

REA

OUTDOOR
SCALE

INDOOR SITES

status

INDOOR SITES
SITES

Proportion

OPEX Reduce(US

JK

241

25

216

10%

conformed

1,343,200

h area

1150

494

656

43%

planning

7,610,600

le area

2550

892

1658

35%

planning

16,133,30

h area

1620

615

1005

38%

planning

10,425,75

otal

5561

1521

3040

33%

planning

35,512,85

AJK h
has completed
l t d di
distributed
t ib t d b
base station
t ti rebuild
b ild + removed
dD
D.G.,
G th
the D
D.G.number
G
b ffrom 241 down
d
tto 17

After the whole network rebuilding , the annual OPEX savvings will reach 35.51 million U.S. dollars.

Page 33

eature and Benefit Solution Introduce


Scenario: Grid outage
g 6h/Day
y & 6h/Time

Scenario: Grid outage 12h/Day & 6h/Time

BTS : Huawei BTS3900 1200W

BTS : Huawei BTS3900 1200W

Hybrid equipment:

Hybrid equipment:

FCB 650AH

FCB 650AH

DC Air-conditioner Battery Cabinet

DC Air-conditioner Battery Cabinet


TP48200A Rectifier system which is special
designed for FCB

ATS

ATS
DC Load

Main

DC Load

Main

DG
AC
DC
Signal

Power System

New Add:Fast
Charge Battey
and Battery
Cabinet

DG
AC
DC
Signal

Remove the D.G, 0Fuel consumption and D.G maintenance


The battery can supply 8.32 hours @ 40% DOD and total 20.8 hours @
100% DOD to guarantee the safety of
o site power
High efficiency cooling system to pro
olong battery life
Both Support Indoor and Outdoor Mo
odification

New Add: Power


System

New Add:Fast
Charge Battey
and Battery
Cabinet

awei Optimized Solution Desig


gn For North-- FCB
Trial Site Solution -- DCB

Optimizes Solution FCB (Dual Power)

(Main Power Outage 6H)


D.G.

Deep
p cycle
y
battery
y ((DCB 650AH))

Grid

(Main Power Outage 6H)

Battery cabinet (Mini-shelter AC Air-

Deep cycle battery (FCB 600AH)

con)

Battery cabinet (Mini-shelter DC Air-con)


z D.G. Maintenance

SAU
HPMU
(Main Power Outage 6~12H)
D.G.

Grid

Deep cycle battery (DCB 650AH)


Battery cabinet (Mini-shelter AC Aircon)
SAU

(Main Power Outage 6~12H)


Deep cycle battery (FCB 600AH)
Battery cabinet (Mini-shelter DC Air-con)
Power Rectifier (TP48200A)

HPMU

oling: DC Air-con Cabinet more energy saving than AC Air-con

tery : FCB Battery more suitable and less Capex than DCB for Good
G
Main power situation

CA

: . Under Main Power + FCB Battery Dual Power Solution , D


D.G
G ccan be moved

ntrol : SAU can be saved according to no D.G on site

nitor: NetEco software and HPMU unit are optional items

CA

uawei Hybrid Solution Design For


F South--DCB
Traditional Solution -- 1+1 D.G

D.G.

(Main Power Outage 18H)


Battery (AGM 200AH)
Battery cabinet (IBBS TEC)

D.G.

Power Rectifier (90A)

Hybrid Solution DCB with only 1+ 0 D.G

(Main Power Outage 6~12H


Grid

D.G.

Deep cycle battery (DCB 600AH)

z D.G. Maintenance

Battery cabinet (Mini-shelter DC Air


Power Rectifier (TP48200A)
SAU

oling: DC Air-con Cabinet more suitable for Battery lifetime

tery : DCB Battery support more frequent Charge & Discharge and also longer backup time

than AGM for Poor Main power situation


: . Under Existing 1+1 D.G Solution , One D.G can be removed

ntrol : SAU can be saved according


g to no D.G on site

nitor: NetEco software and HPMU unit are optional items

oposed Hybrid Solution

D.G 1+0

(Main Power Outage 6H)

eep cycle battery (FCB 650AH)

attery cabinet (Mini-shelter DC Air-

on)

ROI 2.4 Years

Quantity Price (USD))


1

6600

3600

otal Price

10200

D.G 1+0 (Main Power Outage 6~12H) Quantity Price (USD))

eep cycle battery (FCB 650AH)

attery cabinet (Mini-shelter DC Air-

on)

ower Rectifier (TP48200A)

6600

3600

5000

otal Price

D.G 1+1 (No Main Power Available)

eep
p cycle
y
battery
y ((DCB 600AH))

attery cabinet (Mini-shelter DC Air-

on)

ower Rectifier (TP48200A)

ROI 2 Years

15200
Quantity Price (USD))
1

10000

3600

5000

AU (Single Analysis Unit)

2400

otal Price

21000

ROI 1 Year