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JERAHMEEL S.

GENILLA
BIO41
Organelle

Picture

Description

1. Cytoskeleto
n

flexible tubular
scaffold of
microfilaments

2. Nuclear
Envelope

3. Nucleolus

4. Ribosomes

5. Rough
Endoplasmic
Reticulum

6. Smooth
Endoplasmic
Reticulum

7. Golgi
Apparatus

Double
membrane lined
with pores which
is continuous
with the
Endoplasmic
Reticulum
Central most part
of the nucleus
enclosed in the
nuclear
membrane
surrounded by
the nuclear fluid
Made up of two
subunits, the
large and the
small subunit.
May be free or
bound to the RER
An extensive
membranous
network
continuous with
the outer nuclear
membrane with
bound ribosomes.
An extensive
membranous
network
continuous with
the outer nuclear
membrane. Lacks
ribosomes.
Flattened
vesicles in stacks
which receive
protein from ER

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Function/s
maintains cell shape and
provides support
anchors organelles & enzymes
to specific regions of the cell
contractility and movement
(amoeboid movement)
intracellular transport - tracks
for vesicle and organelle
movement by motor proteins

Allows substance to pass


through pores and protects
the nucleolus.

Involved in the synthesis and


assembly of ribosomes
Brain of the cell

The "factories" of the cell involved in protein synthesis


Facilitate the specific coupling
of tRNA anticodons with mRNA
codons during protein
synthesis

Associated with secreted


protein synthesis.

Involved in membrane lipid


synthesis

Form secretory vesicles to


transport proteins to different
parts of the cell (vacuole,
lysosome, etc) or for
secretion.

JERAHMEEL S. GENILLA
BIO41

8. Peroxisome

A single
membrane-bound
organelle with
lipids and
proteins that act
as enzymes.

9. Central
Vacuole

10. Mitochondri
on

11. Chloroplast

Major storage
space in center of
plant cell. (may
contain crystals)

Enclosed in a
double
membrane
system
Inner
Membrane
forms the
Cristae
(invaginations
into interior
region)
Enclosed in a
double
membrane
envelope that
does not
invaginate
into the
chloroplast

12. Cell Wall

Outer layer of the


cell made of
cellulose, other
polysaccharides
and protein

13. Plasmodesm
ata

Channels through
the cell walls

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Organelle with various


metabolic functions;
(degrades fatty acids and
amino acids)
Produces hydrogen peroxide
as a by-product, then converts
it to water.
Digestive - break down of
macromolecules
Storage - ions, sugars, amino
acids, toxic waste
Maintain cell rigidity - high
ionic concentration generates
high water potential

Site of aerobic respiration


where most ATP is generated.

Site of photosynthesis
conversion of solar energy to
chemical energy in the form of
ATP and sugars

Maintains cells shape and


protects cell from mechanical
damage

Connects the cytoplasm of


adjacent cells

JERAHMEEL S. GENILLA
BIO41

CW Cell Wall
M Mitochondrion
V Vacuole
NU Nucleolus
CH Chloroplast
ER Endoplasmic Reticulum
PD - Plasmodesmata

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