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Talking with the Police

An English Language and Civics Workbook


for English Language Learners

Student Workbook
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Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Introduction
Lesson 1: Meet the Police
Lesson 2: Traffic Stops
Lesson 3: A Traffic Accident
Lesson 4: Calling 911
Lesson 5: Reporting a Crime
Lesson 6: Preventing Crimes
Lesson 7: Domestic Violence
Lesson 8: Accused of a Crime
Lesson 9: Filing a Complaint
Appendix: Critical Information Translations
Spanish
Vietnamese
Chinese
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OTAN activities are funded by contract #2000 of the Federal P.L. 105-220, Section 223, from the Adult Education Office, California
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Department of Education.

Talking with the Police


An English Language and Civics Workbook
for English Language Learners

Written by
Cathay O. Reta and Martha A. Lane
2002
The development of this product was supported by federal funds for adult
education and literacy services under the Workforce Investment Act, Title
II, Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, through a grant from the from
the California Department of Education, Adult Education Office. However,
the content does not necessarily reflect the position of the California
Department of Education or the United States Department of Education.
No federal funds were used for the translated portions in the Appendix. These
translations were provided by the generosity of the Monterey Park community.
It was developed by the
Bruggemeyer Memorial Library
LAMP (Literacy for All of Monterey Park) Program
318 South Ramona Avenue
Monterey Park, California 91754

Acknowledgements
The development of Talking with the Police was a collaboration of a number of individuals. We give
special thanks to:
Daniel Cross, Chief of Police, Monterey Park Police Department, and his excellent staff who were key in
collecting, teaching and editing this workbook: Sergeant Jim Smith, Community Relations Bureau,
Officer Brent Archibald and Detective Jason Chao
Megan Hunter, ESL teacher, and the adults
who participated in her class to develop this
workbook: Zhi Chen, Jackson Guo,
Henry Law, Jade Lee, Milton Lee, Henry
Leung, Yuling Li, Edmund Liang, Piju
(Betty) Liu, Je Te Ping, David Ran,
Veera Vassantachart, Dora Wang, Phillip
Wang, James Wong, Jun (Jeffrey) Ye,
Min Yen, Hao Zeng, Gu Ping Zhi, and
Miao C. Zhu. Their questions, comments,
and enthusiasm gave form and direction for
the lessons in this workbook
Joyce Moore, Principal, Mark Keppel
Adult School, and the Alhambra Adult
Education teachers who field tested the materials
Nadia Panian for the book cover design
Pat Reed, CASAS English Literacy & Civics Program Specialist and Wolfgang von Sydow, California
Department of Education Program Consultant
Translators for the critical information: Milton Nguyen, Vietnamese; Isabella Goeders and Christina
Yueh, Chinese; and Elizabeth Romero, Spanish
Talking with the Police was developed with a federal English Language and Civics Education grant,
by the Bruggemeyer Memorial Library LAMP (Literacy for All of Monterey Park) Program. It was
supported and encouraged by the librarys Board of Trustees: Joseph Leon, President, Joseph Rubin,
Secretary, and Trustees Peter Chan, Michael Eng, and Yukio Kawaratani, as well as by the City Librarian
Linda Wilson.

The clipart is from Art Explosion 600,000


copyright 1997-98 by Nova Development Corporation,
23801 Calabasas Road, Suite 2005
Calabasas, CA 91302-1547
USA

Table of Contents
Chapter

Page Number

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Lesson 1: Meet the Police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Lesson 2: Traffic Stops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14

Lesson 3: A Traffic Accident . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24

Lesson 4: Calling 911 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

32

Lesson 5: Reporting a Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

39

Lesson 6: Preventing Crimes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

46

Lesson 7: Domestic Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

55

Lesson 8: Accused of a Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

64

Lesson 9: Filing a Complaint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

71

Appendix: Critical Information Translations


Spanish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vietnamese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chinese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

81
86
91

Introduction
You are driving down the road and a police car pulls up
behind you. You feel nervous. Your hands begin to sweat.
You look in your rearview mirror. Hes still there. You
look again. Just as you had feared, the red lights are on.
He wants you to pull over.
This is a scene familiar to most drivers. Almost everyone gets stopped at one time or another. It
can be intimidating and can cause anxiety, even experienced drivers. Yet, imagine the impact of
this scene on someone who does not speak English very well. The anxiety is greatly increased.
Project Development
The idea for this workbook originated from a request of English-as-a-Second language learners
at the Bruggemeyer Memorial Library in Monterey Park, California. They wanted to practice
how to talk to the police and to learn what they should do when pulled over in a traffic stop.
They shared that they felt intimidated, mostly because of their encounters with the police in their
homelands where they were not protected from police abuse and corruption.
At the same time, the Monterey Park Police Department had embarked on a campaign to reach
out to residents who were limited in language and cultural understanding of the law enforcement
system of the United States. The police department had observed incidents in which limited
English speakers had mistakenly made 911 calls and then did not understand why the police
wanted to search their homes in response to the call. There had been incidents in which they had
been victimized by individuals posing as police officers to gain entry into their home, only to rob
it. They did not know how to identify who is and who is not a police officer.
At the end of 1999 the California Department of Education requested proposals for classes to
meet the needs of second language learners through a new program English Language and
Civics Education. The program would help learners to not only acquire English skills, but give
them practice to use English to access information to be more involved in the community, as
well. The development of Talking with the Police was a natural fit.
Critical Information
In developing the workbook it became apparent that students would need a clear understanding
of some of the critical information. For that reason, the material found in the gray boxes is
translated into the native languages (Spanish, Vietnamese, Chinese) of the learners to facilitate
an accurate understanding of this crucial information. The translations are in the appendix.
This workbook is a collaboration of the Bruggemeyer Memorial Librarys
LAMP (Literacy for All of Monterey Park) Program with the Monterey Park
Police Department. It was funded by federal EL Civics Education funds under
P.L. 105-220 for the California Department of Education, Education Support
Systems Division.

Lesson 1: Meet the Police

Vocabulary

a badge (badges)

a police officer (police officers)

The USA
Canada
Mexico
Korea
a country (countries)
a nation (nations)

a police officer
a policewoman

a police officer
a policeman

NO PARKING
regular clothes
street clothes

a uniform (uniforms)

a law (laws)

shaking hands
(a handshake)

a gun (guns)
an arm (arms)

Hes wearing a gun.


Hes armed.

Police Officers
Police officers enforce the laws of the United States (federal laws). They enforce the laws of the
state and county. They enforce the laws of cities and towns. They are part of the nations law
enforcement system.
There are many kinds of police officers. They may wear different uniforms or they may wear
regular clothes. They may be men or women.
All police officers perform the same job. They make sure that laws are obeyed and that people
are safe.

Talking about Police Officers


There are many ways to refer to a police officer. Some words are polite (nice). Some are not
polite (not nice). Some words are formal. Some are informal.
Read the words below. Write the words which are formal under Formal and those that are not
formal under Informal. Add other words you might know.
cop

officer

policeman/policewoman

Formal

5-O

Informal

Talking to Police Officers


All of these terms are polite:
Officer for a man or a woman
Sir
for a man
Maam for a woman

Greeting a Police Officer


Sometimes a police officer may seem to be unfriendly. When you meet him, he may not shake
your hand. The officer will keep his distance and keep his gun guarded with his arm, rather
than extend a hand in greeting. This is to be safe. This is to make sure that no one takes his gun.

Conversations
Conversation 1
Officer:
Person 1:
Officer:
Person 1:

Hello. How are you?


Not so good today.
Well, how can I help you?
My car was stolen.

Conversation 2
Officer:
Person 1:
Officer:
Person 1:
Officer:

Im a policeman. Can I come in and ask you some questions?


What is your name and badge number?
Im Officer Jones. My badge number is 2314.
Thats 2314? May I see your I.D., please?
Here it is.
2314

Conversation 3
Officer:
Person 1:
Officer:
Person 1:

Im a police officer. Can I come in?


I didnt call the police. Let me see your I.D.
What station are you from?
Monterey Park.
Just a minute. (Make phone call to station to verify identification.)

Conversation 4
Person 1:
Person 2:
Person 1:
Person 2:

Monterey Park Police Department. Can I help you?


Yes. There is someone at my door who says hes a police officer.
His last name is Jones. Did you send him?
Yes, he is a policeman. Hes investigating a crime in the neighborhood.
Okay. Thank you.

Conversation 5
Person 1:
Person 2:
Person 1:
Person 2:
Person 1:
Person 2:

Monterey Park Police Department. Can I help you?


Yes. Theres a man at my door who says hes a police officer. His last
name is Jones. Did you send him?
No. Is he from Monterey Park or Alhambra Police Department?
He said Monterey Park.
He is not our officer. Dont let him in. Ill send an officer to your house now.
Thank you.

Writing Practice
Look at Conversations 2 and 3. Write the officers name and badge number.
Name of Officer: _______________________________________________________________
Badge Number: _______________________________________________________________
Find out which police agency works in your city. Write the name of your city, the station, and
the telephone number. (You can find the information in the telephone book or on the Internet).
Example:

City:
Temple City
Police: Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department

City:

Telephone: (626) 285-7171

_______________________________________

Police: ______________________________________

Telephone: ____________________

Check It Out
Use the Internet to find a list of special programs offered by your police agency. (Try a search
using your citys name and police. Example: Monterey Park Police.) Write about them here.

Law Enforcement In The United States


There are different branches of law enforcement and different categories of laws. Laws that
apply to the nation (the United States) are called federal laws. Laws that apply to an individual
state are state laws. Laws that are decided by individual counties are county laws.
Cities, or municipalities, also make laws. These are called municipal codes.
Most cities have their own police departments. If they don't, they pay the county to provide their
law enforcement. Areas that are not incorporated as cities are policed by county law
enforcement officers, such as sheriffs and deputies.
Level of the Law

Examples of Laws
on This Level

Law Enforcement
Officers

Responsibilities of
Officers

Federal (entire USA)

No counterfeiting

Federal Bureau of
Investigation (FBI)

Enforce federal
(national) laws

State (California)

The speed limit on


101 is 65.

California Highway
Patrol (CHP)

Enforce highway
safety

County (Los Angeles)

No overnight camping Sheriff and Deputies


in most County Parks

House prisoners (LA


County Jail) and
enforce all laws for
unincorporated areas
and contracted cities

City (Monterey Park)

You must get a permit


to own more than two
dogs.

Enforce all laws

Police Officers

10

Word Work
Contractions
one
I am =
you are =
he is =
she is =
it is
=

more than one


Im
youre
hes
shes
its

we are
you are
they are

=
=
=

Read the following sentences. Circle all the contractions.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Im a deputy.
Youre not a policeman.
Shes a sheriff.
Its not an emergency.
Were not going.
Theyre over there.
Hes not here.

Some more contractions to practice:


what is
=
that is
=
where is =

whats
thats
wheres

Read the conversation. Then circle all the contractions.


Person 1:

Whats your name?

Person 2:

My names David Smith. Who are you?

Person 1:

Im Cindy Little. Wheres Susan?

Person 2:

Shes not here. Shes sick.

Person 1:

Thats too bad. Whats wrong with her?

Person 2:

Its just a cold. Thats all.

11

were
youre
theyre

Pronunciation Practice
Some Spelling Patterns for Long a:
a
station
labor
nation

ai
main
rain
laid

ay
today
pay
may

a_e
name
date
late

eigh
eight (8)
neighbor
neighborhood

Alhambra
California
can

national
hands
and

last
fast
Maam

that
rather
than

enforce
enforcement

nation
national
international

incorporate
incorporated
unincorporate
unincorporated

Short a:
at
man
badge

Some Word Families


office
officer
officers

police
policeman
policewoman
police officers

investigate
investigation

permit
permission

Some Numbers
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine
ten

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
seventeen
eighteen
nineteen
twenty

30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120

thirty
forty
fifty
sixty
seventy
eighty
ninety
one hundred
one hundred ten
one hundred twenty

Numbers from 21 99 are written with a hyphen between the two numbers (-).
twenty-one
twenty-two
twenty-three

thirty-one
thirty-two
thirty-three

forty-one
forty-two
forty-three

12

fifty-one
fifty-two
fifty-three

sixty-one
sixty-two
sixty-three

On the Beat
O

O o

o O

one
two
three
four
five
six
eight
nine
ten
______
______
______

thirty
forty
fifty
sixty
eighty
ninety

thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
eighteen
nineteen

neighbor
country
county
_______
_______

police
today
patrol
________
________

oOo
one hundred
Good morning!
How are you?
Alhambra
department
policeman
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________
___________

oO o o O
Hes Officer Jones.
in Monterey Park
Please, can I come in?
a man at my door
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________

An English Idiom
keep your distance -- dont get too close; stay away

That dog looks dangerous.


You better keep your distance from him.

Im sick so you should keep your distance today.

Write a sentence with keep your distance.


_____________________________________________________________________________

13

Lesson 2: Traffic Stops

14

Vocabulary

a ticket (tickets)
a citation (citations)

a steering wheel
(steering wheels)

a drivers license
(drivers licenses)

an officer (officers)
a motorcycle policeman

a glove compartment
(glove compartments)

insurance card
proof of insurance

15

a key (keys)
car keys

a purse
(purses)

a wallet
(wallets)

a police car (police cars)


a squad car (squad cars)

When a Police Officer Stops You


When a police officer stops you when you are driving, you should:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Pull over to the right side of the road.


Put the car in park.
Turn off the car.
Put your hands on the steering wheel.
Stay in the car. Wait for the officer to come to you.

The police officer will ask you for three things:


1. drivers license

3.

2. vehicle registration

proof of insurance

INSURANCE IDENTIFICATION CARD


Policy No.: 382 123 10
Eff. Date:
Insured(s):
Happy Monster
12345 Atlantic Blvd.
Monterey Park CA 19754

CARRY IN VEHICLE AS EVIDENCE OF INSURANCE


12/15/01

Exp. Date: 6/15/02

Meets the Requirements


of Section 16056

ABC Insurance
Company
(800) 123-4567
2301 N. 7th St.
Los Angeles CA 90022

YEAR: 1997 MAKE: Voyager SE


Claims Service Phone: (800) 321-9875

16

VIN: 1P8GN49R2
In case of accident call Claims Number

Some Common Abbreviations


Below are some abbreviations used in this lesson on page 16. Work with a partner to write the
word next to the abbreviation.
1.

No.

_________________________________________________

2.

VIN

_________________________________________________

3.

Eff.

_________________________________________________

4.

Exp.

_________________________________________________

5.

St.

_________________________________________________

6.

Blvd.

_________________________________________________

7.

CA

_________________________________________________

8.

PO BX

_________________________________________________

9.

DMV

_________________________________________________

10.

N.

_________________________________________________

Do you know some more abbreviations? Write them here.


____________

_________________________________________________

____________

_________________________________________________

____________

_________________________________________________

____________

_________________________________________________

____________

_________________________________________________

____________

_________________________________________________

17

Conversations
Conversation 1
Driver:
Officer:
Driver:
Officer:
Driver:

Hi. How are you?


OK. May I see your license,
registration and insurance, please?
Sure. Theyre in my wallet.
(purse)
(glove compartment)
Get them out, please.
Here they are.

Conversation 2
Driver:
Officer:
Driver:
Officer:

Hello Officer. Is there a problem?


I need to see your license, registration and insurance.
Here are my license and registration. I left my insurance card at home.
Well now, thats a problem.

Conversation 3
Driver:
Officer:
Driver:
Officer:
Driver:
Officer:

Officer, is something wrong?


I need to see your license, registration and insurance, please.
Theyre in my purse. [Gets them, hands them to the officer.] Here they are.
Do you know why I stopped you?
No, I dont.
You didnt stop at the stop sign.

Conversation 4
Officer:
Driver:
Officer:
Driver:

Show me your license, registration and proof of


insurance.
Theyre in the glove compartment. Here.
Do you know why I stopped you?
Yes, but I can explain.
(Write an explanation of what happened.)
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

18

This is a citation:

19

Oh No! Not a Ticket!


a citation = a ticket = an invitation to visit the judge
Giving citations (tickets) is a way of teaching what is good and safe driving. It also teaches what
is not safe and not allowed. When adults pay money for fines, they usually learn to not repeat
the action that caused them to get a ticket.
Directions: Look at the citation on the previous page. Answer the questions.
1.

On what day must the driver appear in court?


___________________________________________________________________

2.

What is the drivers license number?


___________________________________________________________________

3.

At what location did the violation happen?


___________________________________________________________________

4.

What color is the car?


___________________________________________________________________

5.

What is the name of the officer who wrote the ticket?


___________________________________________________________________

6.

Where can you find the instructions that tell you what to do?
___________________________________________________________________

7.

Sign the ticket on the line marked signature.

If a Police Officer Gives You a Ticket


You must sign the ticket.
Your signature does not mean that you agree with the ticket. It does not admit guilt.
You can talk with the judge in court if you disagree with the ticket.

20

Word Work
Past Tense
To put something in the past in English, you usually add ed to the verb.
Examples:
block blocked
walk walked
stop stopped

sign
rain
call

signed
rained
called

Irregular verbs are different. You do not add ed to make the past tense.
Irregular verbs change their forms in many different ways:
run

ran

see

saw

have

had

drive drove

The past of the verb to be has 2 forms of the past. Just memorize this:
was
I was
you were
she was
he was
it was

were
we were
you were
they were

Rewrite the following paragraph. Correct the underlined words to put the paragraph in the past
tense form.
I run the stop sign because the tree is in the way. The tree blocks the sign so
I couldnt see it. When I see the sign, it is too late. I stop too late.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________

21

Pronunciation Practice
Some Spelling Patterns for Long e:
e

ey

ee

ea

e_e

be
we
decide
vehicle

key
monkey

see
keep
tree
free

please
read
beam
scream

here
Pete
these
evening

Short e:
get
let
red
left

men
send
license
when

enforce
evidence
registration
exit

every
end
tell
sell

Some Word Families


insure
insured
uninsured
insurance

register
registered
unregistered
registration

explain
explained
explanation

drive
driver
driveway

drive
driving
steer
steering

On the Beat
o oOo
registration
Thats a problem.
Get them out, please.
information
explanation
California
________________
________________
________________

O o o o

o O o

glove compartment
drivers license
Give it to me.
motorcycle
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________

22

insurance
instructions
citation
requirements
I didnt
I promise
_____________
_____________
_____________

o O
explain
because
Im fine.
at home
my purse
I dont
______________
______________
______________

An English Idiom
face the music -- accept the consequences of what you do
You know you were speeding. Just face the music and pay your ticket.
We all have to face the music some time.
Write a sentence with face the music.
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

23

Lesson 3: A Traffic Accident

24

Vocabulary

an accident (accidents)
a head-on collision
a 2-car accident

an antique car

engine trouble
The hood is up.

a tow truck

a van (vans)

a 4-door sedan
a passenger car

a tire (tires )

a bus (busses)

some important road signs

25

a truck (trucks)
a big rig
an 18-wheeler

What to Do If You are In An Accident


When you have an accident:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Be calm.
Stay away from angry people.
Move the cars off of the street (if it is safe to do so).
Call the police to make a report. (If there is no problem, dont call the police.)
If there are serious injuries, call 911 first.
If there are no serious injuries, call the local police.
5. After you call the police, wait.
6. The police will need to see your:
drivers license
registration
proof of insurance
If the accident involves another car, write down the cars license plate number.
If there are any witnesses to the accident, ask them for their names and telephone numbers.
Write them down.

Writing Practice
1. What number do you call if you are in an accident and someone is badly hurt?
________________________________________________________________________
2. What number do you call if no one is hurt? It is not an emergency.
________________________________________________________________________
3. Why is it important to write down the names of witnesses?
______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

4. What do you do if the person who hit you is angry? ______________________________

________________________________________________
5. Why do accidents happen? Talk with a friend about reasons that accidents happen.
Write them down. (Example: running red lights, drunk driving)
________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

26

Conversations
Conversation 1
Driver 1:
Driver 2:
Driver 1:
Driver 2:

What happened? Why did you run into me?


Im sorry. I didnt see you.
Well you better watch where
youre going.
Okay. I will.

Conversation 2
Driver 1:
Driver 2:
Driver 1:
Driver 2:
Driver 1:
Driver 2:

You totaled my car!


Look what you did to my car! It was
your fault.
No, it was your fault. You ran into me.
Thats because you ran a red light.
Im sure it was green.
We need to file a report.

Conversation 3
Driver:
Operator:
Driver:
Operator:
Driver:
Operator:
Driver:
Operator:

Hello. I need to report an accident.


Is anyone injured?
No, everyone is okay.
What is your name, please.
Harry Potter.
Where did the accident happen?
At Garvey and Atlantic, in Monterey Park.
Please wait there. An officer will come to take your report.

Conversation 4
Driver:
Operator:
Driver:
Operator:
Driver:
Operator:
Driver:
Operator:
Driver:
Operator:

I want to report a hit-and-run. Someone ran into my car and then took off.
Is anyone injured?
No, no ones hurt.
Did you get the license plate number?
Most of it. 3-E-D-J-4, but I didnt get the last two numbers.
Describe the car that hit you, please.
Its a black Mustang convertible with a tan roof. It looks like a new car.
What is your name, address and telephone number?
My name is ________________________________________________.
Thank you. Well send an officer.

27

Word Work
More Practice with Past Tenses
Regular:
walk
talk
try

walked
talked
tried

Irregular:
file
filed
watch watched

hit
run
do

hit
ran
did

drive
see

drove
saw

Rewrite the following paragraph. Change the underlined words to the past tense.
Yesterday I see a bad accident as I walk home from work. A truck hit a little dog as it run across
the street. I watch the driver as he drive off. He see me and he drive away even faster. He do
not stop. He do not try to help the little dog. He do not talk to the person who is with the dog.
He do not file an accident report. It is a hit-and-run accident. It is very sad. I try to help the
little dog but it is too late.
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

Adjectives: Words that Describe


Circle the words that describe this car.
NOTE: In English, many words that describe
nouns come in front of the noun (a little, blue
car). Or they come after is, are, was, were. (It was
blue and dirty.)

This is my car. It is old, but I still like it.


It is orange. I wanted a red one, but the price was right on this one.
Its sort of the color of tomato soup, isnt it?
Its a convertible. It is very dependable. Its a very big car.
Thats fine, except when I try to park it on the street.
28

Pronunciation Practice
Some Spelling Patterns for Long i:
i

Ie

i_e

igh

I
Im
Hi!
bicycle

Tie
Die
Lie
Pie

file
fine
mine
time

by
my
try
sky

highway
light
tight
night

Short i:
is
it
in
this

Did
hit
his
window

accident
traffic
registration
exit

if
immediate
injured
sick

Some Word Families


hit
hitting
hitter

bend
bending
bender

report
reporting
reporter

drive
driving
driver

turn
turning
turner

On the Beat
oOo
What happened?
Im sorry.
a red light
another
insurance
policeman
______________
______________
______________

O o o o

o O o o

fender bender
drivers license
operator
motorcycle
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________

pedestrian
insurance card
emergency
convertible
Im sure of it.
an accident
______________
______________
______________

29

O o o O
Call the police.
Make a report.
Okay, I will.
What is your name?
Nobodys hurt.
Stop when its red.
_______________
_______________
_______________

Describing an Accident
Writing Practice
Read about the accident. Then fill out this
accident form.

One day you were driving your pretty


white car along Smith Street. It is a oneway street and you were going the
correct direction.
Suddenly a black car hit you head-on.
Neither car was going very fast, so you
did not get injured. But your car is
totaled and his car is a mess, too.
Richard I. Gotcha was driving the black
car. His wife, Ono, was with him. They
live at 1661 N. 4th St. in Pasadena.
You called the police right away. While
you waited for them to come, you filled
out a form your insurance company gave
you. You filled it out as completely as
possible. Then you referred to it when
the police asked you questions.

30

An English Idiom
hit- and-run -- an accident in which a driver hits a person or object and does not stop to help
the injured or give information to anyone
It was a terrible hit-and-run accident. A drunk driver hit a child in the street
and drove away from the accident at top speed.
I dont know who ran into my car. It was a hit-and-run.

Write a sentence with hit-and-run.


______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
totaled completely destroyed
My car was totaled in the accident. I need a new one.
The insurance company said the truck was totaled.

Write a sentence with totaled.


______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

31

Lesson 4: Calling 911

HELP!
Whats the emergency?

32

Vocabulary

fire (fire)
the house is on fire

police

a fire truck (fire trucks)

a paramedic (paramedics)

an ambulance (ambulances)

a helicopter (helicopters)
a medical evacuation helicopter

a flood (floods)

a tornado (tornadoes)

an unconscious man
Hes bleeding.

a weapon (weapons)
an arm (arms)

33

911 Calls
Dial 911 on your telephone when there is an emergency. An emergency is when
you need the police, an ambulance or a fire truck immediately (right now). Dial
911 when you or someone else is in danger.
In Monterey Park, the 911 operator will be able to tell where you are calling
from. In some other communities you must tell the 911 operator where you are.
Remember: 911 is for emergencies only. Do not call 911 if it is not an
emergency.

Conversations
Conversation 1
Operator:
Caller:

Operator:
OK?

Caller:

911. What is your emergency?


Someones hurt. I need an
ambulance.
(Fire. Theres a fire.)
(Police. Send the police.)
Okay, help is on the way.
Stay on the line. Do not hang up.
OK.

Conversation 2
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:

911. What is your emergency?


Theres a fire!
Where is the fire?
My house! 2231 Oak Avenue in MontereyPark.

Conversation 3
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:

911 operator. What is your emergency?


Help! Someone is robbing my house!
Does he know you are there?
No, Im hiding in the bathroom.
Is the robber armed?
Yes, he has a gun.
Do not hang up. We are sending someone now.

34

Conversation 4
Operator:
Caller:

911 operator. What is your emergency?


Im sorry. I want information. 411. Sorry. Goodbye.

A few minutes later a police officer knocks on the callers door.*

Police:
Caller:
Police:
Caller:
Police:

Hello. We had a call about an emergency.


That was a mistake. Theres no emergency.
Wed like to come in and check, please.
No. No emergency.
Open the door now. Were not leaving.

Caller opens the door. The police enter and look around. When they are sure everything is OK,
they leave.

*If You Accidentally Dial 911


In many cities, if you dial 911 by mistake, the police will come to your houseeven if you do
not need help. You must let them come into your house. The police will make sure that
everyone is OK. Then they will leave your house.

Word Work
Answer every question with Yes, it is. or No, it isnt.
1. You missed the bus and need a ride to work. Is this an emergency? ___________________
2. You are vomiting blood. Is this an emergency? ________________________________
3. Your back aches. Is this an emergency? ______________________________
4. Someone is trapped in a burning house. Is this an emergency? ____________________
5. Is winter your favorite season? ________________________________
6. Is it time for lunch? ___________________________________________
7. Is it time to go home, yet?

_________________________________________

35

911 -- To Call or Not to Call


Use 911 only for police, fire, and medical emergencies.
If a life is in danger, call 911. If no life is in danger, do not call 911.
If there has been an accident and someone is injured, call 911.
If there has been an accident, but it was just a fender bender, do not call 911.
Look at each picture in the chart. Write what is happening. Should you call 911?
If yes, circle the picture.
1

___________________ ___________________ ____________________


___________________ ___________________ ____________________
4

___________________ ___________________ ____________________


___________________ ___________________ ____________________
Practice with a partner. Practice making 911 calls about the emergencies that you circled above.

36

Pronunciation Practice
Some Spelling Patterns for Long o:
o

oa

ow

o_e

no
open
over
tornado

oak
boat
moan
loan

slow
tow
show
mow

home
dope
bone
alone

Short o:
on
not
operator

off
gone
conscious

cost
cot
hot

lot
tot
got

Some Word Families


operate
operating
operator

flood
flooding
flooded

mistake
mistaken

dispatch
dispatching
dispatcher

fire
fireman
firefighter

On the Beat
O o
open
after
only
fender
bender
danger
injured
practice
partner
________
________

o O
Hang on!
She fell!
Come in!
Im hurt!
mistake
inside
alright
discuss
_________
_________
_________

O o o
medical
ambulance
robbery
burglary
accident
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________

37

oO o o
emergency
an ambulance
my English class
Hang on a sec
I told you so
community
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________
_______________

An English Idiom
hang on

-- wait

She was very busy and told me to hang on a minute.


Hang on while I find that information for you.
Can you hang on a sec? Someones at the door.
Write a sentence with hang on.
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

38

Lesson 5: Reporting a Crime

39

Vocabulary
Words that Describe

short hair
dark hair

medium-length
hair
light-colored

thin

fat

a mustache

a beard

a cap and sunglasses

long, black hair

straight, brown
hair

tall and short

dark, curly hair

a man wearing a
kerchief, sunglasses
and a blue shirt

a man (left) and a woman (right)


an elderly couple

blue eyes

40

brown eyes

SUSPECT DESCRIPTION
Fill out as best you can
Sex

Race

Age

Height

Hair

Weight

Weapon Type

Hat
(color, type)

Glasses type

Tie

Complexion

Shirt

Scars/marks

Coat

Tattoos

Trousers

Shoes

Auto License, make, color

Direction of escape

41

Crime
A crime is an act that could harm another person or another persons property.
When a crime happens to you, or you see a crime happen, report it to the police. If there is
danger and it is an emergency, call 911. If there is no danger, call the regular telephone number
for your police department. Try to remember as much information as you can about the crime-what happened, and who did it.

Writing Practice
The Purse Snatcher
Mary was going to a meeting at the park. She was walking
down the sidewalk and saw a woman jogging towards her.
I should start jogging, too, thought Mary. Just then, the
woman grabbed Marys purse off of her shoulder. Mary
tried to hold on to her purse, but she could not. Mary ran
after the woman, but she could not catch her. The woman
was gone and so was the purse with all of Marys money,
her drivers license, and her credit card. She could replace
those. In her purse Mary also had special pictures of her
daughter and her son. Those she could not replace.
Mary was very angry and very sad.
1. Where was Mary going? ___________________________________________________________
2. Where was Marys purse? _____________________________________________________
3. What was in Marys purse? ____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________

4. What should Mary do now? ____________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________
5. If someone stole your purse, or your wallet, what would you lose? _____________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________

Practice with a partner. Pretend you are Mary. Tell your friend what happened.

42

Conversations
Conversation 1
Person 1:
Officer:
Person 1:
Officer:
Person 1:

Someone stole my purse.


Was it a man or a woman?
A woman.
Can you tell me what she looks
like?
Shes tall. She has long brown hair.
She was jogging.

Conversation 2
Officer:
Person:
Officer:
Person:
Officer:
Person:

You want to report a stolen vehicle?


Yes. My car is gone. It was right here, but now its gone.
Where was it?
I parked it in this space.
What does your car look like?
Its a 2001 silver Toyota Camry. I just bought it last month!

Conversation 3
Person 1:
Officer:
Person 1:
Officer:
Person:
Officer:
Person 1:
Officer:
Person 1:

I want to make a report.


Tell me what happened.
I saw someone robbing a woman.
Where did this happen?
In front of the grocery store.
Describe the robber.
It was a man. He was short, blue eyes, and dark hair.
I think he was about twenty years old.
What was he wearing?
Jeans and a blue t-shirt.

43

Word Work
Choose someone in class to describe. Do not write the persons name. Write a brief description
of the person, including:
What he or she looks like,
Where he or she is sitting,
What he or she is doing.
Then give what you wrote to your partner. Read what your partner wrote. From what you read,
answer this question: Who is it?
Write your description here:
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

Pronunciation
Some Spelling Patterns for Long u:
u

ue

ew

u_e

o and oo

duty
nuclear
super
tunic

due
blue
glue
true

new
blew
threw
stew

rude
tune
June
flute

to
too
zoo
do

Short u:
up
us
under
just

must
trust
bust
dust

cup
yup
Yuk!
button

44

mother
other
brother
son

On the Beat
O o
straight hair
short hair
long hair
mustache
someone
woman
t-shirt
green eyes
address
dispatch
_______________
_______________

o O

o O o O

report
my purse
Shes tall.
I want
describe
police
replace
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________

She stole my purse.


She grabbed the purse.
My car is gone.
Come help me, please.
I know his name.
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________
____________________

An English Idiom
stick out your neck -- to take a risk, to take a chance
I tried to catch the robber to help you because I knew you would stick your neck out for
me if I needed help.
He wont be a witness. He wont stick out his neck for anyone.
Write a sentence with stick out your neck.
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
all eyes -- to stare at
Whenever a pretty woman walks by, hes all eyes.
Write a sentence with all eyes.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

45

Lesson 6: Preventing Crimes

46

Vocabulary

Words that Tell Where (prepositions of place)

by, beside, near

on, on top of

around

over

between

Among, in the middle of

behind, in back of

in, inside of

under

through

surrounded by

in front of

47

to

near, close to, next to, with

on top of, resting on

Vocabulary Exercise
Look at the picture for Lesson 6. Use the vocabulary words to complete the following sentences.
1. The lamp is _________________________ the officer.
2. The rug is __________________________ the table.
3. The cup is ________________________ the plate.
4. The woman in yellow is _____________________ the woman in black and the man.
5. The cookies are __________________________ the table.
6. The man is sitting ___________________________ the window.
7. The officer is ___________________________ the people.
Write more sentences to describe the picture.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

Neighborhood Watch Stops Crime


Neighbors can work together and with the police to help stop crime.
This program is called Neighborhood Watch. It is a crime prevention
program. It depends on the help of the people to reduce crime. Good
neighbors with a good police department make an excellent crime-fighting
team.
In Neighborhood Watch, neighbors look out for each
other. They get to know each other. They watch
each others homes and report suspicious activities
to the police.

48

Writing Practice
Read the following sentences. Put an X in front of every sentence that describes a suspicious
activity. Discuss with your class why you think that it is a suspicious activity.
1.

A stranger enters your neighbors house when no one is at home.

2.

Someone is removing a license plate from a car.

3.

A group of teenagers are walking down the street, looking at every car.

4.

A car has been parked on your block for several days.

5.

Someone is being forced into a car.

6.

Someone is wearing or carrying clothes that have something red on them.


It looks like blood.
7. There is a lightlike a flashlightin an empty house.
8.

A car is weaving down the street, as if the driver is drunk.

9.

Someone puts an unmarked envelope into a neighbors mailbox.

10.

Theres a meter reader at the doorbut he isnt wearing a uniform.

Something to Think About


How do you feel about the crime in your neighborhood?
Read each statement. Circle the number to show how you feel about the statement:
1 means not good; 5 means very good.
Poor
(Not Good)

Excellent
(Very Good)

1. How well your neighbors know each other

2. The way your neighbors help each other

3. The amount of crime in your neighborhood

4. The way the police treat (act with) you

5. How safe you feel in your home

49

More Writing Practice


Use the Inspection Form below to inspect your home. What can you do to make your home
safer? [NOTE: In many communities, the Police Department will conduct an inspection of your
home or place of business for you, if you ask.]

House Inspection Form


OK

House
Numbers

Are the house numbers big


enough? Can the police see
them to find your house in
an emergency?

Doors

Do the locks work? Do you


have deadbolt locks? Can
the door be opened through
a window? Is there good
lighting at the door?

Windows

Are they locked? Can a


robber get through them
with no one seeing him?

Garage

Is the door locked? Is the


garage well lighted?

Lighting

Are there lights outside?


Can anyone hide in a dark
corner?

Landscape

Are the shrubs and bushes


trimmed (cut), so no
one can hide in them?

Smoke
Detectors

Are they placed in good locations


(kitchen, each bedroom)? Are the
batteries working?

50

Not OK Comments

Conversations
Conversation 1
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:

Police Department. Can I help you?


Yes. A robber is in my neighbors house.
What is the address?
123 Valley Drive.

Conversation 2
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:

Police Department. Can I help you?


Someone took the license plate off my friends car! I think hes stealing it.
Where is the car parked?
At his house. 584 Cambridge Road. No ones home.
What does the suspect look like?
A young man, about 20. Hes white, has blond hair. Hes wearing a red Tshirt and jeans.
Well send someone to check it out.

Conversation 3
Person 1:
Person 2:
Person 1:
Person 2:
Person 1:
Person 2:

Hello. My names ___________________________. I live


down the street.
Id like to invite you to a Neighborhood Watch meeting.
Whats that?
Its where we get together to stop the crime in our neighborhood. The police will
come to tell us how we can make our neighborhood safer.
My son was beaten up by a gang just last week.
Im sorry to hear that. Why dont you come to the meeting?
Ill try

Conversation 4
Make up your own conversation to invite someone to join Neighborhood Watch.
Person 1:

__________________________________________________________________

Person 2:

__________________________________________________________________

Person 1:

__________________________________________________________________

Person 2:

__________________________________________________________________

Person 1:

__________________________________________________________________
51

Check It Out
Contact your local police department. Ask for
copies of brochures and flyers about keeping your
neighborhood safe. Read them with your family.
Share them with your class.
Write the names of the brochures here.
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________

Word Work
English has a lot of words that look the same, but we pronounce them differently.
When these words are nouns, the stress is on the first syllable. But when these words are verbs,
the stress is on the second syllable. The meanings are different but sometimes are related.
Word

Part of Speech

SUSpect

Noun

susPECT

Verb

RECord

Noun

ReCORD

Verb

Definition

A person who
may be guilty
of something.
To be
suspicious of
A document
often a form
To write down
or otherwise
make note of

Sample Sentence

Bin Laden is a terrorist


suspect.
Many people suspect him
of terrorist activities.
He has a police record
and has been to jail twice.
The police will record the
testimony on videotape.

What other words do you know that act like suspect and record? Write them below:
Word

Part of Speech

Definition

Sample Sentence

52

Pronunciation Practice
Some Spelling Patterns that use Y for Long i:
y

uy

by
my
cry
try

buy
guy

A Spelling Pattern that uses Y for Long e:


baby
city
lazy
bloody

Mary
many
empty
carry

noisy
any
dirty
sleepy

happy
lucky

Some Word Families


suspect
suspecting
suspected
suspicious

record
recording
recorder
recorded

strange
stranger
strangely

prevent
prevented
preventable
prevention

On the Beat
O o o

O o o

o O o

residents
neighborhood
citizens
following
sentences
____________
____________
____________
____________

occupied
teenagers
visible
license plate
vehicles
____________
____________
____________
____________

inspection
suspicious
prevention
a stranger
good lighting
my neighbor
____________
____________
____________

53

o o O o
residential
good locations
in each bedroom
Can I help you?
Whats the address?
get to know you
_______________
_______________
_______________

An English Idiom
wake up call -- to make someone aware, alert
The murder down the street was quite a wake up call for us. Wed better be
more careful and start to help each other.
He got fired from his job. Maybe that will be a wake up call, to make him
think before he gets so angry.
Many people said that the September 11, 2001 disaster in New York was a
wake up call, to help them realize how much this country and their families
mean to them.

Write a sentence using wake up call.


_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

54

Lesson 7: Domestic Violence

55

Vocabulary
Physical Abuse:

to tie someone up

to hit or to beat up someone


hitting, beating

to push or shove someone


pushing, shoving

Verbal Abuse:

Its all YOUR


fault!
Stupid!
No good!

name calling

blaming

56

Sexual Abuse:

Financial Abuse:

make you do sexual


acts when you dont want to

keep you from getting


a job; take your money

Emotional Abuse:

make you feel bad about


yourself

isolation
(make you stay alone,
away from people)

57

threaten, make threats


(say will kill or hurt
you or your children)

What is Domestic Violence


Domestic violence is about power and control. It is the actions one person uses to
control the other person in a relationship. Domestic violence can be criminal when
it includes:

physical abuse (hitting, pushing, shoving, etc.),


sexual abuse (unwanted, forced sexual activity), or
stalking (constantly following someone)

Other Types of Abuse


Some other types of abuse are:

emotional abuse (name-calling and putting-down), and


financial abuse (withholding money or stopping someone from
getting a job.

Emotional and financial abuse are not a crime, but they can lead to criminal
abuse and violence. An abuser will try to make an excuse for the behavior
or blame the victim for causing it.
There is no excuse for violent behavior. Violence is against the law.
Anyone can be a victim of domestic violence: rich, poor, old, young, married,
single, Black, White, Asian, Latino, Middle Easterneranyone.
Anyone can be an abuser. Most abusers are men (97%), but women can also be
abusers. Abuse is a learned behavior. It can be stopped with treatment and
counselingif a person is willing to change.

Writing Practice
Read the article (above) about domestic violence. Then answer the following questions:
1.

What are three kinds of criminal domestic violence? _______________________


______________________________________________________________________________

2.

Who can be a victim of domestic violence? __________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________

58

3.

Can a woman commit (do) domestic violence? _______________________________

4.

What is emotional abuse? ________________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Domestic violence is about power and control. Discuss this with a partner. Write why it
is about power and control.
_____________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

A Neighbor in Trouble
It is 1:00 in the morning. You hear a noise outside and look out your window.
You see the leaves of a tree moving at your neighbors house. A man jumps out
of the tree and over the fence. He runs away. The next day you talk with your
neighbor. She tells you that the man is her ex-husband. He hurt her and she left
him. He stalks her and she is afraid he will hurt her and her son.

You are her neighbor. Can you help her? Should you help her? Why or why not? Discuss with
your class what you could do. Where could you or your neighbor go for help? Write what you
would do here.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

A Womens Shelter helps victims of domestic violence. Find a phone number for one in your
area. (Call the library, look on the Internet, or call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at
1-800-799-7233 for help.) Write the phone number here.
Womens Shelter: ______________________________

59

What the Police Can Do


If your partner is hurting you, call the police. They can

get you and your children out of the house safely


arrest the abuser (if they can see that an assault has happened)
tell you where there is a shelter to get help
make a police report -- this will help to prove abuse if charges are filed, or
to show a court why it should give you a personal protection order.

Something to Think About


Some things are different in the United States than in the country you come from. Some things
are the same. Read the following. Put a check mark () to show what you think.
Same
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Better in the
U.S.

The way men treat women


The way women treat men
The way people respect their elders
The way children treat their parents
The way adults treat children

Conversations
Conversation 1
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:

9-1-1. Whats your emergency?


There is someone in my neighbors yard. Send help.
What is your neighbors address?
Its 439 Cloverdale Street.

60

Better in my
homeland

Conversation 2
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:
Caller:
Operator:

9-1-1. What is your emergency?


My neighbors are fighting. Im afraid someone is going to get hurt.
Does anyone have a weapon?
Yes. The woman has a gun.
What is their address?
I dont know. But its across the street from me.
Im at 3820 Newport Ave.
Were sending a patrol car. Please stay on the line.

Conversation 3
Write your own conversation. Use the recent class discussion notes (see previous page) to write
a conversation on how you might help a neighbor.
Person 1:

____________________________________________________________

Person 2:

____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Person 1:

____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Person 2:

____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

61

Word Work
How many opposites do you know? For example, the opposite of up is down.
Here are some words you have been studying in these lessons. Write the opposite beside the
word.
The opposite of

is:

up

down

man
happy
safe
afraid
freedom
always
many
violence
good
public
clean
father
love

Pronunciation
These groups review the short vowel sounds.
an
end
in
on
under

ban
bend
bin
bond
bun

Dan
den
din
Don
Dunkirk

62

bat
bet
bit
bought
but

had
hedge
hid
hodge podge
huddle

On the Beat
o O o

o O o o

a stalker
attacker
my husband
their address
my neighbor
patrol car
____________
____________
____________

o o o O o o

emotional
relationship
activity
afraid of him
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________

domestic violence
That man is stalking me.
Whats your emergency?
across the street from me
you hear a noise outside
your partners hurting you
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________

An English Idiom
tie one on

--

get drunk

Hes going to the bar to tie one on. Shed better stay away from him tonight.
She really tied one on last night at the party.

Write a sentence with tie one on.


__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

63

Lesson 8: Accused of a Crime

64

Vocabulary

Put your hands in the air.


Put em up.

spread your legs apart

a line-up

hands behind your back

get down on the ground

handcuffs

hands behind your head

turn around slowly

a patrol car

65

The Miranda Rights


The police must have probable cause (a good reason) to arrest you.
If the police do arrest you, you do not have to answer questions about the crime.
The police must tell you that you do not have to answer questions about the crime.
They must tell you that you have the right to remain silent and to have a lawyer
present when you are asked questions. This is called the Miranda Rights.
These rights are given only after you are arrested for a crime and the police are
going to question you.
The Miranda Rights tell you four things:
1.
2.
3.
4.

You have the right to remain silent. (You do not have to speak.)
Anything you say can be used against you in court.
You have the right to talk to a lawyer before and during questioning.
If you cannot afford a lawyer and you want one, a lawyer will be given to you
without cost.

Writing Practice
Read the Miranda Rights. Fill in the blanks below with the following words.
right

given

cannot

against

silent

You have the right to remain ____________. Anything you say can be used __________
you in a court of law. You have the ______________ to talk to a lawyer. If you
_______________ afford one, a lawyer will be ________________ to you without cost.
In your own words, write how the Miranda rights help you.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

66

Conversations
Conversation 1
Police Officer:
Person 1:
Police Officer:
Person 1:
Police Officer:

Come with me, please.


Am I under arrest?
No. I just want to ask you some questions.
Whats this about?
There was a robbery yesterday.

Conversation 2
Police Officer:
Person 1:
Police Officer:

You are under arrest for murder.


I didnt kill anyone!
You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can
be used against you. . .
But I didnt kill anyone! It wasnt me!
You have the right to a lawyer. If you cannot afford it, one will
be appointed for you. Do you understand?
No, I dont understand./ Yes, I understand.

Person 1:
Police Officer:
Person 1:

NOTE: Do not say Yes, I understand if you do not understand.


It is important that you say you do not understand.
Never say to the police that you understand if you do not.
Ask for a translator.

Conversation 3
Person 1:
Police Officer:
Person 1:
Police Officer:
Person 1:

I want a lawyer.
Well get you a lawyer, but itll be better for you if you just go ahead and
tell us what you know now.
No, I want a lawyer.
Your lawyers on her way.
Good.

Which conversation above includes the Miranda Rights? ______________________________

67

Some Definitions of Crimes


bank robbery
home burglary
automobile theft
murder
assault and battery
domestic violence
rape
kidnapping
counterfeiting
manslaughter
vandalism
arson

steal money from a bank


take property from a house when no one
is home
steal an automobile
kill someone
beat someone up/fight
threaten or hurt a spouse or
girlfriend/boyfriend
sexually assault someone
steal a person
make fake money
accidentally kill someone
damage property
start a fire

Something to Think About


What are the most common crimes in the city where you live? Put a check mark () in front of
the crimes you think happen a lot in your city. Talk with a partner about why you think this.
___ bank robbery

___ assault and battery

___ counterfeiting

___ home burglary

___ domestic violence

___ manslaughter

___ automobile theft

___ rape

___ vandalism

___ murder

___ kidnapping

___ arson

68

Word Work
Which words or phrases mean the same or nearly the same? Draw a line from Group A to words
in Group B that mean the same or nearly the same thing.
Group A

Group B

remain silent

without cost

attorney

everything

freedom

lawyer

free

somebody

anything

tennis shoes

someone

say nothing, do not say anything

interrogate

a good reason

probable cause

ask questions

sneakers

liberty

Pronunciation
Some Spelling Patterns for the er Sound
er

ir

ur

ear

per
her
never
matter
under
alert

Miranda
first
shirt
sir
stir
girl

murder
turn
burn
hurt
turf
nurse

learn
heard
early
pearl

Some or Words:
York
fork

Ford
Lord

born
torn

organize
organ

69

Some Word Families


organize
organizing
organization

complain
complaining
complaint

rob
robber
robbery

act
actor
acting

stalk
stalking
stalker

On the Beat
o O
arrest
police
why not?
protect
afford
remain
____________
____________

o O o o

O o o O

Miranda rights
the cookie jar
a robbery
eye witnesses
a court of law
____________
____________
____________

under arrest
whats this about?
it wasnt me!
dont understand
probable cause
you have the right
________________
________________

English Idioms
hand in the cookie jar -- to get caught doing something
He wont be set free this time. We caught him with
his hand in the cookie jar.
Theres no doubt she did it. They found her with her
hand in the cookie jar.
Write a sentence with hand in the cookie jar.
___________________________________________________________________________
off the record -- not to be repeated or reported; dont tell anyone who said it
He told me off the record that his boss had disobeyed the law.
I wont say anything if youre going to report what I say. I will only talk off
the record.
Write a sentence with off the record.
___________________________________________________________________________

70

Lesson 9: Filing a Complaint

71

Vocabulary
Words That Express Emotions

happy

angry/mad

indifferent

confused

sad

ecstatic

afraid

annoyed

silly

72

To File a Formal Complaint


People must trust law enforcement officers. And law enforcement officers must trust people (the
public). Effective law enforcement requires this trust between people and the police.
American laws permit (allow) officers to use their best judgment to do their jobs well. At the
same time, the United States Constitution protects citizens from unfair treatment by officers.
If you think that an officer has treated you unfairly, you have the right to file a complaint against
the officer. You can complain orallyby speaking to a supervisor. Or you can complain in
writing. An oral complaint is an informal complaint. A written complaint is a formal
complaint. If you want to file a formal complaint, you must fill out and sign a formal complaint
form.
The police department will investigate the complaint. The investigation will help to correct any
improper behavior, if the officer was wrong. Or the investigation will prove that the officer did
do the right thing.
If the investigation shows that the officer was wrong, the officer will be disciplined. Discipline
can be to get counseling, an oral reprimand, a written reprimand, suspension from work, or
termination of employment. The Chief of Police will consider the seriousness of the complaint
and the officers past performance to decide the punishment.
Do not file a complaint just because you are mad at an officer. Only file a complaint if the
officer did something wrong to you. Do not tell a lie about a police officer. You must tell only
the truth in a complaint.
If you tell a lie (something that is false), you are committing a crime. It is against the law for
anyone to make a false complaint against an officer. If a person falsely accuses a police officer,
he or she may face civil action. It is a crime to file a false complaint.

Conversations
Conversation 1
Police Employee:
Citizen:
Police Employee:

Hello. May I help you?


Yes. I have a complaint.
Ill get a supervisor for you. One moment, please.

73

Conversation 2
Citizen:
Employee:
Citizen:
Employee:
Citizen:

Hi. Who can I talk to about an officer?


Is this a complaint?
Yes, it is. The officer was rude to me. Im angry.
You can speak to a supervisor. Wait here, please.
Ill find someone to take your complaint.
Thank you.

Conversation 3
Supervisor:
Citizen:
Supervisor:
Citizen:
Supervisor:
Citizen:
Supervisor:
Citizen:
Supervisor:
Citizen:

Hello. Im Sergeant Smith.


Hi. My names _______________.
I want to make a complaint about Officer White.
What happened?
He stopped me when I was driving. He said I was
a bad driver and should not be driving. He said I
should be sent back to the country I came from.
Where and when did this happen?
Yesterday at Garfield and Riggin Road. It was at
11:00 in the morning.
Would you like to make a formal complaint?
No, Id just like for you to speak to him about being rude.
Ill check it out. Is there anything else?
No, thats all.

Conversation 4
Supervisor:
Citizen:
Supervisor:
Citizen:
Supervisor:
Citizen:

Im Sergeant Green. What can I do for you?


Officer Black came to my house and searched it. But he
didnt have a search warrant.
Did you tell him he could look around?
No, I told him to come back when he had a warrant. But
he came in and looked around anyway.
Do you want to make a formal complaint?
Yes, I do.

74

Writing Practice
A Complaint Form
Use the information from Conversation 3 to fill out the complaint form below. This is required if
the person wants to make a formal complaint. Use your own name and personal information.
POLICE DEPARTMENT
Personnel Complaint
Date/Time: _________________________

Complaint Number: __________________

Complainants Name: __________________________________________________________


Address: ____________________________________________________________________
Home Phone: _______________ Work Phone: __________________ Pager: ______________
Location of Occurrence: ________________________________________________________
Date/Time of Occurrence: _______________________________________________________
Officer(s) Involved: ____________________________________________________________
Witness Name: ________________________________________________________________
Address: _____________________________________________________________________
Home Phone: ______________ Work Phone: ________________ Pager: _________________
Details of Allegation: ___________________________________________________________

You have the right to make a complaint against a police officer for any improper conduct. California law requires this
agency to have a procedure to investigate citizens complaints. You have a right to a written description of this
procedure. Citizen complaints must be retained by this agency for at least five years.
It is against the law to make a complaint that you know to be false. If you make a complaint against an officer
knowing that it is false, you can be prosecuted on a misdemeanor charge.

I have read and understand the above statement.


_______________________________ _________________________________
Complainant Signature
Witness/Accepting Officer Signature

75

The Five Ws
Reports must usually answer five questions. The five questions begin with the letter w.

Who?

What?

Where?

When?

Why?

Use the report on the previous page to answer the five ws.
1. Who made the complaint? _________________________________________________
Who is the complaint about? _______________________________________________
2. What is the complaint? ____________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
3. Where did the problem happen? ______________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
4. When did it happen? ______________________________________________________
5. Why is there a problem? _____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
Practice with a partner. Use the 5 ws to ask about your partners day.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Where were you this morning?


Who did you see?
When did you come to class?
What did you do today?
Why do you study English?

Make up more questions that use the 5 ws.


______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

76

Chain of Command
The Chain of Command is the order of who reports to whom. In a police department, the top
(highest) position is the Chief of Police. The bottom (beginning level) position is the Officer.

Chain of Command
An Organization Chart
Chief of Police

Captain
Lieutenant

Sergeant
Agent
(or Corporal, or Senior Officer)
Officer

A complaint against an officer should be filed with a supervisor.


A supervisor is someone with the rank of sergeant or higher.
There is always a watch commander at the station. A watch
commander is the person in charge of the police station. A
watch commander is someone who is a sergeant or higher.

77

Use the Chain of Command chart to fill in the blanks.


1. The sergeant reports to the _______________________________________________.
2. A senior officer is called an _______________________________________________.
3. The boss of the entire department is called the _________________________________.
4. The captain is the supervisor of the _________________________________________.

Check It Out
Find the name of the Chief of Police
in the city where you live. Write it here.

_________________________________________

Word Work
Some Word Families
Verb (action):
Noun (a thing):
Noun (a person):

complain
complaint
complainant

enforce
enforcement
enforcer

investigate
investigation
investigator

Other Words to Know


civil action
false
improper
to reprimand to discipline Internal Affairs -

to be taken to court
not true
not proper; not right
to rebuke, to tell one they did something wrong
to punish
the police who investigate the police

Pronunciation
Some ways to spell the ar sound:
ar

ear

er

car
far
bar
Garfield

heart

sergeant

78

protect
protection
protector

employ
employment
employer

On the Beat
O o

o O

permit
conduct
warrant
letter
action
witness
____________
____________
____________

permit
conduct
complain
discuss
police
____________
____________
____________
____________

An English Idiom
John Hancock - signature
(John Hancock was the first to sign
the Declaration of Independence.)

Just put your John Hancock right here.


Sign your John Hancock and the deal is done.
Write a sentence with John Hancock.
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________

An English Phrase
The pen is mightier than the sword.
Youll get better results by writing a complaint letter than by hitting the
man. The pen is mightier than the sword.

79

APPENDIX
Critical information from the gray boxes
in the workbook are translated here in:
Spanish
Vietnamese
Chinese

80

Spanish
LECCION 1
(Lesson 1, Box 1)

Encuentro con la Polica


Algunas veces le parecera que el oficial es rudo. Cuando se acerca a usted no le dara un saludo
de manos. El oficial mantendra su distancia y cuidara de su arma con su brazo en lugar de
extenderlo y saludarlo. Esto es para asegurarse que no le quitaran su arma.

LECCION 2
(Lesson 2, Box 1)

Cuando la Polica Le Detiene


Cuando la Polica lo detiene al ir manejando, usted debera:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Moverse hacia el lado derecho del camino.


Estacine su vehculo.
Apague el motor.
Mantengase sobre el volante.
Mantengase dentro del vehculo, y espere que el oficial se acerca a usted.

(Lesson 2, Box 2)

Si La Polica Le Da Una Boleta de Transito


Usted debera firmar el tickete (boleta).
Su firma no significa que usted esta de acuerdo con la boleta. No significa que admite que usted
es culpable. Usted puede hablar con el juez en la corte si esta en desacuerdo con la boleta.

81

LECCION 3
(Lesson 3, Box 1)

Que Hacer en Caso de un Accidente


Cuando usted est involucrado en un accidente:
1. Tenga calma.
2. Muevan los vehculos a un lado de la calle (si no hay peligro)
3. Llme a la polica para reportarlo
(Si hay hridos, mrque al 911 primramente)
(Si no hay hridos, llme a la polica local)
4. Si no hay ningn problema, no haga ningn reporte.
5. Espere que llgue la polica.
6. Aljese de las personas agresivas.
7. El oficial de pedira:
Licensia de conducir
Registro de su vehculo
Prueba de seguro de automovl
Si el accidente involucra otro auto, escriba el nmero de la placa del coche. Si hay testigos del
accidente, pdales sus nombres y nmeros de telfono y escrbalos en un papel.

LECCION 4
(Lesson 4, Box 1)

Llmadas 911
Mrque en su telfono el 911 en caso de una emergencia. Una emergencia es cuando usted
necesita a la polica, la ambulancia, o los bomberos de inmediato, (ahorita mismo). Mrque 911
cuando usted o alguien est en peligro.
En Monterey Park, la operadora del 911 sabra de donde est usted llamando. En algunas otras
comuniddes usted debera de decirle a la operadora de donde est llamando.
RECUERDE: el 911 es unicamente para emergencias. No marque 911 si no es una emergencia.
(Lesson 4, Box 2)

Si Usted Marca 911 Sin Querer


En muchas ciudades, si marca 911 erroneamente, la polica vendra a su casa. Aunque no
necesite ayuda, an as debe dejarlos entrar a su casa. Ellos tienen que cerciorarse de que todos
estan bien y al terminar, se retiran.

82

LECCION 5
(Lesson 5, Box 1)

Crimen
Un crimen es un acto que puede lastimar a otra persona, o a otra propiedd.
Cuando se cometi un crimen en contra de usted, o se da cuenta de que est sucediendo un
crimen, reprtelo a la polica. Si hay peligro y es una emergencia, mrque el 911. Si no es de
peligro, llme al telfono regular de su polica local. Trata de recordar toda la informacin que
pueda acerca del crimen, que pas, y quien fe.

LECCION 6
(Lesson 6, Box 1)

Vigilancia en la Comunidd Detiene el Crimen


Los vecinos puedan trabajar juntos con la polica para ayudar a prevenir el crimen. Este
programa se llama VIGILANCIA DE LA COMUNIDAD. Este es un programa de prevencin
al crimen, esto depende de la participacin activa de los ciudadanos para reducir el ndice de
criminalidad. Si los vecinos trabajan en conjunto con un buen cuerpo policaco esto hara una
excelente fuerza contra el crimen.
En la Vigilancia en la Comunidad, los vecinos se cuidan unos a otros. Aprenden a conocerse
mejor, y entre ellos cuidan de sus casas y reportan actividdes sospechosas a la polica.

LECCION 7
(Lesson 7, Box 1)

Qu Es Violencia Domestica
La violencia domestica se trata de poder y control. Son las accines que una persona usa en
contra de la otra persona en una relacin. La violencia domestica puede ser criminal cuando
incluye:

Abuso Fsico (golpes, empujnes, etc.)


Abuso Sexual (involuntario, actividd sexual forsada)
Acoso (siguiendo a una persona constantemente)

83

Otros Tips de Abuso


Algunos otros tipos de abuso son:

Abuso Emocionl (apodos, subajando)


Abuso Financiero (deteniendo el dinero, o evitando que consigas trabajo)

El abuso emocionl y financiero no son un crimen, pero puedan a llegar a crimen o violencia. El
abusador tratara de hacer cualquier excusa por el comportamiento, o culpar a la victima por
haber causado el crimen.
No hay excusa por un comportamiento violento. La violencia es contra la ley.

LECCION 8
(Lesson 8, Box 1)

La Ley Miranda
La polica tiene que tener una razn justa para arrestarle.
Si la polica le arresta, usted no tiene por que contestar a ningna pregunta acerca del crimen. La
polica tiene que decirle que usted no tiene que contestar a ninguna pregunta acerca del crimen.
Ellos deben de notificarle que usted tiene el derecho de permanecer en silencio y de tener un
abogado presente cuando le entrevisten. Esto se llama LA LEY MIRANDA. Estos derechos se
le conceden unicamente cuando ha sido arrestado por un crimen y la polica le va a entrevistar.
Los derechos de la Ley Miranda son cuatro unicamente.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Usted tiene el derecho de permanecer en silencio (no necesita hablar).


Cualquier cosa que diga podra ser en contra de usted.
Tiene el derecho de hablar con un abogado antes y durante la entrevista.
Si no puede pagar un abogado y necesita uno, se le otorgara un abogado sin costo alguno.

84

LECCION 9
(Lesson 9, Box 1)

Si Reporta Una Querella Formal


Los ciudadanos deben de confiar en la polica, y la polica debe de confiar en la gente o el
pblico. Una orden pblica efectiva requiere la confianza entre la gente y la polica.
Las leyes Americanas permiten a oficiales policacos a usar su propio criterio para poder hacer
un buen trabajo, y a la misma vez, la constitucin de los Estados Unidos proteje a los ciudadanos
cuando han sido maltratados injustamento por la polica.
Si cree que la polica lo ha tratado injustamente, usted tiene el derecho de formar una queja en
contra del oficial. Usted puede formar la queja verbalmente ya sea hablando con el supervisor, o
someter una queja por escrito. Una queja hecha verbalmente es una queja informal. La queja
escrita es una queja formal. Si desea hacer una queja formal, usted debera llenar un formulario
para quejas.
El Departamento de Polica investigara su queja, y la investigacin corregira cualquier
comportamiento impropio, si el oficial actu incorrectamente, o, tambin probara que el oficial
estaba actuando correctamente.
Si la investigacin muestra que el oficial no actu bien, el oficial sera diciplinado. La diciplina
consiste en consejos, reprimenda verbal, reprimenda escrita, suspensin de su trabajo, o
terminacin de su empleo. El Jefe de Polica actuara de acuerdo a la seriedd del caso y del
archivo del oficial.
No formule una queja noms porque est molesto con el oficial. Formule la queja unicamente
cuando el oficial fe grocero con usted. Nunca mienta encontra de un polica. Siempre diga la
verdad cuando se trata de formalizar una queja.
Si usted miente, usted estara cometiendo un crimen. Es contra la ley levanter un falso contra un
oficial. Si la persona acusa falsamente a un oficial de polica, el o ella puede tomar un accin
civil en contra la persona. Es un crimen someter una queja falsa.

(Lesson 9, Box 2)

Linea de Comando
La linea de commando es la rden de quin reporta a quin. En el Departamento de Polica, el
puesto ms alta es de Jefe de Polica. El puesto ms baja es de Oficial de Polica.

85

Vietnamese
LESSON 1
(Lesson 1,Box 1)

Nhn Vin Cnh St


Nhn vin Cnh St thi hnh lut l ca Hoa K (Lut Lin Bang). H thi hnh cc iu lut tiu
bang v iu lut ca cc qun ht (county). Cc Cnh St vin cng thi hnh lut l ca th x
v thnh ph. H l mt phn ca lc lng thi hnh lut l quc gia.
C nhiu loi cnh st vin. h mc nhiu loi ng phc khc nhau hay h ch mc thng
phc. H c th l n ng hay n b.
Tt c Cnh St vin cng thi hnh mt nhim v. H mun bo m l lut l c thi hnh v
dn chng c an ton.
(Lesson 1, Box 2)

Cho hi mt Cnh St Vin


i khi mt cnh st vin c v hi th l. Khi bn tip xc vi mt cnh st vin, ngi ny c
th khng bt tay bn. Cnh st vin ny gi khong cch v tay vo sng thay v a tay ra
bt. Vic ny gi an ton, v cng gi cho khng ai c th cp sng ca cnh st.

LESSON 2
(Lesson 2, Box 1)

Khi Cnh St vin chn bn li


Khi b nhn vin cnh st chn li trong lc li xe, bn phi:
1. Dng xe vo l ng bn phi
2. Tr s xe v s u (park).
3. Tt my xe.
4. tay vo tay li.
5. Ngi yn trong xe. Ch nhn vin cnh st n vi bn.
(Lesson 2, Box 2)

Nu Cnh St vin cho bn giy pht


Bn phi k tn vo giy pht.
Khi k tn khng c ngha l bn ng vi giy pht. Khng phi l bn nhn li. Bn c th
khiu ni vi v thm phn ti ta n nu bn khng ng vi giy pht.

86

LESSON 3
(Lesson 3, Box 1)

Cn phi lm g khi gp tai nn


Khi gp tai nn:
1. Phi bnh tnh.
2. Di chuyn xe ra khi ng xe chy (nu an ton lm iu ny).
3. Gi in thoi cho cnh st ti lm bin bn.
(Nu c ngi b thng nng, gi s 9-1-1 trc.
Nu khng c ai b thng nng, gi cho cnh st a phng.)
4. Nu khng c thit hi g, khng cn phi lm bin bn.
5. Sau khi gi cnh st, hy ch .
6. Trnh xa ngi ang gin gi.
7. Cnh st s cn xem cc giy t ca bn nh:
bng li xe
giy ng b xe
bng chng mua bo him
Nu tai nn c lin quan ti xe khc, ghi li bng s xe.
Nu c nhn chng trong tai nn, xin v ghi li tn v s in thoi ca h.

LESSON 4
(Lesson 4, Box 1)

Gi s 911
Ch gi s in thoi 911 khi no c vic cu cp. Chuyn cu cp l khi bn cn cnh st, xe
cu thng, hay xe cha la ngay lp tc ( lin tc th). Gi s 911 khi bn hay ngi no
trong tnh trng nguy him.
Trong thnh ph Monterey Park, nhn vin tng i 911 c th bit c bn gi t s in thoi
no. Trong mt vi cng ng khc bn phi cho nhn vin tng i 911 bit bn ang u.
Nn nh: s 911 ch dng trong trng hp khn cp m thi. ng gi s 911 nu khng phi
l chuyn khn cp
(Lesson 4, Box 2)

* Nu bn gi lm s 911
Trong vi thnh ph, nu bn gi lm s 911, cnh st s ti ngay nh bn- cho d bn khng
cn n s gip ca h. Bn phi cho h vo trong nh bn. Cnh st cn bit chc l mi
ngi u c an ton. Khi h mi ri khi nh bn.

87

LESSON 5
(Lesson 5, Box 1)

Ti phm
Mt ti c l mt hnh ng gy tn hi n mt ngi hay ti sn ca mt ai.
Khi ti phm xi ra n cho bn, hay bn thy ti phm ang xi ra, bo co iu ny cho cnh
st. Nu c iu nguy him v l chuyn khn cp, gi s 911. Nu khng c chuyn nguy him,
gi s in thoi thng cho s cnh st. C nh cng nhiu d kin v ti phmchuyn g
ang xi ra, ai lm iu ny.

LESSON 6
(Lesson 6, Box 1)

Lng Ging Theo Di ngn chn Ti phm


Hng xm lng ging cng lm vic vi cnh st gip ngn chn c ti phm. Chng trnh
ny c gi l Neightborhood Watch ( Lng Ging Theo Di). y l chng trnh ngn nga
ti phm. N c ng h v l thuc vo cc hnh ng ng gp ca ngi cng dn gim
ti phm. Nhng ngi lng ging tt hp tc ln nhau cng vi mt s cnh st tt s to nn
mt i chng ti phm hu hiu.
Trong chng trnh Lng Ging Theo Di, cc ngi hng xm canh chng ln nhau. H cn
lm quen vi nhau. H canh chng nh ln cho nhau v bo co nhng hnh ng ng nghi ng
cho cnh st.

LESSON 7
(Lesson 7, Box 1)

Bo Hnh Trong Gia nh l g


Bo hnh trong gia nh thng c lin quan n quyn lc v quyn kim sot. l mt hnh
ng ca mt ngi dng kim sot mt ngi khc c quan h vi h. Bo hnh trong gia
nh c th coi nh l mt ti phm nu bao gm mt trong cc iu sau y.
ngc i v th xc (nh p, x y, li ko v.v..),
ngc i v tnh dc (khi ngi khc khng mun, cc hnh ng cng p tnh
dc), hay
theo di ln lt (thng xuyn di theo mt ai)

88

Cc hnh thc ngc i khc.


Vi hnh thc ngc i khc l:
ngc i v tinh thn (chi ra v lm nhc ngi khc), v
ngc i v ti chnh (ngn chn tin bc hay l ngn cn ngi khc tm vic lm).
Ngc i v tm l v ti chnh khng coi l mt ti phm, nhng c th dn ti
vi phm ngc i v bo hnh. Mt ngi gy ngc i thng tm mt l do
bo cha cho hnh ng ca hoc l tha cho nn nhn ca h.
Khng c l do g b qua cho cc hnh ng bo hnh. S bo hnh l vi phm lut php.
Bt c ai cng c th l nn nhn ca bo hnh trong gia nh: ngi giu c, ngi ngho, gi,
tr, c gia nh, c thn, ngi da en, da trng, ng, Chu M La Tinh, ngi Trung
ng... tt c mi ngi.
Bt c ai cng c th l ngi gy ra ngc i. Phn ng ngi gy ngc i l n ng
(97%), nhng n b cng c th l ngi gy ngc i. Ngc i l mt hnh ng c c
do thi quen lu ngy. iu ny c th ngn chn bng vic iu tr v vic hng dn tm l
nu ngi gy ngc i mun.

LESSON 8
(Lesson 8, Box 1)

Quyn Miranda.
Cnh st phi c l do chnh ng khi bt bn.
Nu cnh st bt bn, bn khng cn phi tr li cu hi v vic phm php. Cnh st phi cho
bn bit l bn c quyn khng cn phi tr li cu hi v vic phm php. H phi cho bn bit
rng bn c quyn gi im lng v c lut s hin din khi c thm vn. Quyn ny gi l
Quyn Miranda. Quyn ny ch c hng khi b bt v ti phm v cnh st s phi thm vn
bn.
Quyn Miranda cho php bn bn vic.
1. Bn c quyn gi im lng. (Bn khng cn phi ni g c.)
2. Bt c iu g bn ni c th chng li bn ti ta.
3. Bn c quyn ni chuyn vi lut s trc v trong khi b thm vn.
4. Nu bn khng c tin mn lut s v nu bn cn, mt lut s s c ch nh cho
bn min ph.

89

LESSON 9
(Lesson 9, Box 1)

in n khiu ni
Ngi dn phi tn nhim vo nhn vin bo v lut php. V nhn vin bo v lut php phi tn
nhim ngi dn (cng chng). Lc lng bo v lut php hu hiu cn c c s tn nhim
gia ngi dn v cnh st.
Lut Hoa K cho php ( tha nhn) cnh st vin dng s phn on ca h c th thi hnh
nhim v c chu o. ng thi, Hin Php Hoa K bo v ngi dn trc cc i x sai tri
ca cnh st.
Nu bn ngh rng mt cnh st vin i x khng ng vi bn, bn c quyn np n khiu
ni cnh st vin ny. Bn c th khiu ni ming- bng cch ni chuyn vi mt ngi gim st
vin. Hay c th khiu ni bng vn th. Khiu ni ming l mt khiu ni khng chnh thc.
Khiu ni bng vn th l mt khiu ni ng th tc. Nu bn mun khiu ni, bn phi in v
k tn vo mt n khiu ni chnh thc.
S Cnh St s iu tra v vic khiu ni. Cuc iu tra s gip sa i cc hnh ng sai tri,
nu cnh st vin ny c li. Hoc l cuc iu tra s chng minh rng cnh st vin y lm
dng.
Nu cuc iu tra chng t rng cnh st vin lm sai, cnh st vin ny s b x pht. Vic x
pht ny c th l khin trch ming, khin trch bng vn th, nh ch cng tc, hay ngng
chc cnh st vin ny. V Ch Huy Cnh St s nghin cu s nghim trng ca vic khiu ni
v cc qu trnh lm vic ca cnh st vin ny cng s quyt nh trong vic x pht.
ng bao gi khiu ni ch v bn gin ght mt cnh st vin. Ch nn khiu ni nu cnh st
vin ny lm iu g sai tri vi bn. ng bao gi ni di v mt cnh st vin. Ch nn ni s
tht trong mt n khiu ni.
Nu bn ni di (ni iu khng ng s tht), l bn phm ti. Vic khiu ni khng ng v
mt cnh st vin l vi phm lut php. Nu mt ngi t co gian di v mt cnh st vin,
ngi ny c th s b x pht dn s. Vic t co khng gian di l mt ti phm.
(Lesson 9, Box 2)

Giy Chuyn ch Huy


Giy chuyn ch huy l mt th t trc sau phi theo khi mt ngi cn phi bo co vic g
cho ngi no khc. Trong mt s cnh st, cp bc trn cng (cao nht) l v cnh st trng.
Cp bc di cng l nhn vin cnh st.

90

Lesson 1

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Lesson 2

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Lesson 3

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9 11

5.
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Lesson 4

911
911
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911
911
911 911

* 911
911

Lesson 5

911

Lesson 6

Lesson 7

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(97%),

Lesson 8

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1.
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3.
4.

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Lesson 9

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