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University of Guayaquil

Faculty of Administrative Sciences

English Department

Topic
Passive Voice with Modals

Teacher
Gissella Figueroa Valenzuela

Student
Cristhian Xavier Quitio Herrera

Module: 8

Schedule
Saturday 10:00 to 13:00

2015-2016

Passive Voice with Modals


The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive voice. Past
participle will be used only (as main verb) in passive voice.
Passive voice for Present/Future Modals
Structure
Subject + (Modal verb) + be + past participle + complement
Examples
Passive voice for Present/Future Modals
CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT
Active
Can

May

Positive

She can play a violin.

A violin can be played by her.

Negative

She cannot play a violin.

A violin cannot be played by her.

Question

Can she play a violin?

Can a violin be played by her?

Positive

I may buy the computer.

The computer may be bought by me.

Negative

I may not buy the computer.

The computer may not be bought by


me.

Question

May I buy the computer?

Positive
Might

Negative
Question
Positive

Should

Negative
Question
Positive

Must

Negative

May the computer be bought by me?


The soccer might be played by
Students might play soccer.
students.
The soccer might not be played by
Students might not play soccer.
students.
Might the soccer be played by
Might students play soccer?
students?
Students should study all All lessons should be studied by
lessons.
students.
Students should not study all All lessons should not be studied by
lessons.
students.
Should students study all Should all lessons be studied by
lessons?
students?
You must obey the traffic rules.
The traffic rules must be obeyed.
Must The traffic rules be obeyed by
Must you obey the traffic rules?
you?

Passive voice for Past Modals


Structure

Passive

Subject + (Modal verb + Have) + been + past participle + complement


Examples
Passive voice for Past Modals
MAY HAVE, MIGHT HAVE, SHOULD HAVE, MUST HAVE
Active

Passive

Positive

You may have availed the The opportunity may have been
opportunity.
availed by you.

Negative

You may not have availed the The opportunity may not have been
opportunity.
availed by you.

Positive

He might have eaten meal.

Meal might have been eaten by him.

Negative

He might not have eaten meal.

Meal might not have been eaten by


him.

Positive

You should have studied the The book should have been studied
book.
by you.

Have

Negative

You should not have studied the The book should have not been
book.
studied by you.

Must

Positive

He must have started job.

Have

Negative

He must not have started job.

May
Have

Might
Have
Should

Job must have been started by you.


Job must not have been started by
you.

Synonyms for workflow


1. Process. - A systematic series of actions directed to some end.
Example: the company uses new recruitment processes.
2. Methods. - A procedure, technique, or way of doing something, especially in
accordance with a definite plan.
Example: There are different methods to learn French.
3. Systematic. - set of methods or organized plan.
Example: Pablo is very systematic in his studies.
4. Methodology. Methodology is the branch of logic that studies reasoning.
Example: I am attending courses research methodology and practice.
5. Assignment. - A piece of work or a job that someone gives you to do.
Example: The assignment of resources is minimal.
Synonyms for Organization
6. Company. - A company is any entity that engages in business.
Example: The companies of Ecuador are not generating profit.
7. System. - A group of related parts that move or work together.

Example: Under the new system, students will have to pass an exam to
graduate.
8. Structure. - Something composed of interrelated parts forming an organism or
an organization.
Example: The structure isn't strong enough to support that much weight.
9. Business. - An organization or economic system where goods and services are
exchanged for one another or for money.
Example: I don't want to get involved in that business.
10. Industry. - The production of goods or services to sell.
Example: Industry has become more competitive.