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A

NGO Project Report


On
To Provide Land For Sick & Homeless Animals
Submitted for partial fulfillment of requirement for the award of
degree of
Bachelor of Business Administration
of
ITM UNIVERSITY RAIPUR (C.G.)
Session 2015-16
Submitted by
Rohit Sanghi
Enrollment No. C0016
BBA IV Semester
2015-16

SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH


ITM UNIVERSITY RAIPUR C.G.

Appendix 2

DECLARATION BY CANDIDATE

This is to declare that this report has been written by me. No part of
the report is plagiarized from other sources. All information included
from other sources has been duly acknowledged. I aver that if any
part of the report is found to be plagiarized, I shall take full
responsibility for it.

Rohit Sanghi
C0016

Place
Date

Appendix 3
CERTIFICATE BY ORGANISATION
This is to certify that this project report entitled To Provide Land For Sick &
Homeless Animals Submitted to School of Management & Research,
ITM University Raipur, is a bonafide record of work done by ROHIT
SANGHI under my supervision
from 27.11.2015 to 26.12.2015.

Signature of the Supervisor


Name and Designation

Countersignature
Name
Designation, (eg. Head of Dep. / Divisional Head)
Name of Department / Division and Centre

Place
Date

Appendix 4
CERTIFICATE BY INSTITUTE
This is to certify that this project report entitled To Provide Land
For Sick & Homeless Animals for People For Animals Raipur
is a bonafied work carried out by Rohit Sanghi of BBA of School
of Management & Research for fulfillment of BBA degree course of
ITM University Raipur.

Signature of the Internal Guide

Name of the Internal Guide

Signature of the Head ITMUR-SMR

Name of the Head ITMUR-SMR

Appendix 5
CERTIFICATE BY EXAMINER
This is to certify that the project entitled To Provide Land For Sick &
Homeless Animals submitted by Rohit Sanghi Roll No.:..
Enrollment No. C0016. Has been examined by the undersigned as apart
of the examination for the award of Bachelor of Business Administration
degree of ITM University, Raipur (C.G.).

Signature with date of the Examiner


Name of the Examiner

Place:
Date:

Appendix 6
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I avail this opportunity to express my whole hearted gratitude and deep sense of reference to staff
of ITM-University, Raipur, for giving me the opportunity to undertake the project To Provide
Land \for Sick & Homeless Animals.
I would like to express my deep sense of gratitude to Miss Kasturi Ballal for providing me such
an environment to achieve the goals and to prosper in the noble cause of helping animal for
NGO. Their guidance and knowledge helped me to learn about social welfare of the society in
the real sense.
I am also greatful to my project guide Mr. Arijit Goswami for his valuable guidance and timely
response to queries which immensely helped in giving the project directions it needed.
So many thanks to respectable Dr. Monika Sethi Head of Management Department for her
positive attitude and suggestion, which really helped me in the project work.

Appendix 7
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This project of animal shelter is located in Kashiram Nagar, Ring Road in a garbage dumping
yard. It consists of 2000 sq. ft area. The project is still under construction and looking for
architects, donations to complete the work.
SC guidelines for establishment of animal shelter in every district in earlier PFA Raipur was
often approached complaining about the poor state of the muinicipalitys provision for stray
animals. Many groups want to open a new shelter to compete with the municipal facility. . The
group studied the legal framework governing stray animals, lobbied the local authorities and
urged them to improve conditions there. Through understanding the law and working with
officials, the group was able to highlight the local authoritys responsibility for the welfare of
animals in its care. The organization persuaded the local Government to opt cruel free methods
of catching animals and undergo proper dog steralisation programs like Animal birth Control,
under PCA Act1960.
The Government assured the organization for providing a muinicipality run animal shelter and
will be moitored by People For Animals Raipur.

Appendix 8
OBJECTIVE

The purpose of PFA is to act as a strong network of


compassionate, committed and courageous people who will
protect animals against cruelty and work to bring about a change
in attitudes, laws and lifestyles towards improving conditions for
animals around India.
Upgrade and establish facilities for animal rescue and
rehabilitation such as shelters, ambulances, mobile clinics and
helplines.
The purpose of PFA is to act as a strong network of compassionate,
committed and courageous people who will protect animals against
cruelty and work to bring about a change in attitudes, laws and lifestyles
towards improving conditions for animals around India.
Upgrade and establish facilities for animal rescue and rehabilitation such
as shelters, ambulances, mobile clinics and help lines.

WHAT IS A NGO?
One of the earliest mentions of the term "NGO" was in 1945, when the UN was created.
According to the UN, all kinds of private organizations that are independent from government
control can be recognized as "NGOs". "NGOs" cannot seek to diminish a nation's government in
the shape of an opposing political party; NGOs also need to be non-criminal and non-profit.
Professor Peter Willets defines an NGO as "an independent voluntary association of people acting
together on a continuous basis for some common purpose other than achieving government office,
making money or illegal activities."
NGO means Non-Governmental organization. These are the organizations in which government
representatives are not present in members of organization and are funded by the government.
Sometimes entire funds are provided by the government while sometimes government partially funds
the NGOs. The main objective of NGOs is to provide social justice, development and human rights.
It provides services directly to local community.
Voluntary organization is not a new phenomenon in our country. Voluntary effort has always
been an important part of our culture and social tradition. The need for organizing people into
accredited associations and their involvement and participation in rural development have now been
fully recognized. In recent years, they have increased in considerable number, acquired greater
importance and significance and put up many new experiments in the field of rural development.
Voluntary organization can play a crucial role in rural development by supplementing
government efforts as they are close to the minds and hearts of the rural people. They have their roots
in the people and can respond to the needs and aspirations of the community very effectively. They
can experiment new approaches to rural development. (Dhillon & Hansra - 1995)
The success of the rural development depends upon the active participation and willing cooperation of the rural people through Self-Help organizations and voluntary agencies. In recent years,
the voluntary agencies have acquired greater importance and significance than before because the
administration has not been able to reach the people, especially the poor and weaker sections. They
have been able to make their presence felt from the local to the national level and now at the
international level also. Many of them have pioneered works in areas, which were ignored by the
process of national development planning (Anandharajakumar - 1995).
NGOs are difficult to define and classify due to the terms inconsistent use. To attempt a
classification of NGOs requires a framework that includes the orientation and the organization's
level of operation. An NGO's orientation refers to the type of activities an organization takes on.
These activities might include environmental, development, or advocacy work. An NGO's.

Origin of Non-Governmental Organization


Beginning of NGOs starts in 1775 to 1918. It includes various national issues and war
sufferer issues. In late 1960s-1970s entire growth of NGOs had started. The main reason of
developing NGOs is economic recession, end of cold war, privatization, growing demands etc. NonGovernment Organizations (NGOs) and Voluntary action have been part of the historical legacy. In
early 20th century, several voluntary efforts were started in the fields of education, health etc. The
NGOs became prominent after independence, especially after 1970s.
Development practitioners, government officials and foreign donors consider that NonGovernmental organizations by the virtue of being small-scale, flexible, innovative and participatory
are more successful in reaching the poor and in poverty alleviating. This consideration has resulted in
the rapid growth of NGOs involved in initiating and implementing rural development program.
According to the estimates of the working groups of NGOs, there are about 30,000 NGOs in
India. A rapid growth took place in the 1980s and the early 1990s. With the SHG linkages program
introduced in 1989, the NGO sector has been recognized as a crucial partner, recognizing the
strengths of the NGOs in organizing the community and the potential in saving and credit programs
(both under the linkage program and other credit delivery innovations. (Laxmi R.Kulshresth et.al 2002).
The concept of NGOs and Social welfare are not new. India has a glorious tradition of
Voluntary organizations. In the pre-Independence days, Rabindranath Tagore in his Santiniketan
experiments showed how rural development could be brought about by integration of education and
culture. Gandhiji in his Wardha experiment showed how village industries could bring about the
development of the poorest sections of the people in this country. (Malik-1995)
After independence too, there was a lot of talk about the role of NGOs and peoples
participation when we started our planning process in the early 50s. The British Government in India
spent minimum resources on social welfare programs and so voluntary agencies played an important
role in developing programs for the poor, the destitute, women and children.
International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839. It has
been estimated that by 1914, there were 1083 NGOs. However, the phrase "non-governmental
organization" only came into popular use with the establishment of the United Nations Organization
in 1945 with provisions in Article 71 of Chapter 10 of the United Nations Charter for a consultative
role for organizations which are neither governments nor member statessee Consultative Status.
Globalization during the 20th century gave rise to the importance of NGOs. Many problems could
not be solved within a nation. International treaties and international organizations such as the World
Trade Organization were centered mainly on the interests of capitalist enterprises. In an attempt to
counterbalance this trend, NGOs have developed to emphasize humanitarian issues, developmental
aid and sustainable development.

Types of NGO:
NGO type can be understood by orientation and level of co-operation:-

NGO type by orientation:Charitable orientation.


Service orientation.
Participatory.
Empowering orientation.

NGO type by level of co-operation:Community- Based Organization.


City Wide Organization.
National NGOs.
International NGOs.

It works in four tiers:


1. First tier - Primary tier whose function is funding. It is main source of funding. It includes
government bodies, international agencies or individuals etc.
2. Second tier Main function of this tier is to distribute the funds provided by first tier.
3. Third tier This tier includes NGOs. Its function is to link with fund applicant. 4. Fourth tier
This tier represents the recipient of funds provided by NGOs.

Legal status:
The legal form of NGOs is diverse and depends upon home-grown variations in each country's laws
and practices. However, four main family groups of NGOs can be found worldwide:
Unincorporated and voluntary association
Trusts, charities and foundations
Companies not just for profit
Entities formed or registered under special NGO or non-profit laws
The Council of Europe in Strasbourg drafted the European Convention on the Recognition
of the Legal Personality of International Non-Governmental Organizations in 1986, which sets a
common legal basis for the existence and work of NGOs in Europe. Article 11 of the European
Convention on Human Rights protects the right to freedom of association, which is also a
fundamental norm for NGOs.

Emphasis on the role of NGOs in five years plans


After Independence, India was declared as a welfare state and relevant provisions were included in
the Constitution of India. Social welfare was included as part of the Five Year Plans. The major
responsibility of organizing social welfare services continued with the voluntary organizations.
Hence, even today it is the voluntary organizations that are taking care of welfare activities (Basanta
Kumar - 1995). The VII plan documents had anticipated that voluntary efforts would be forthcoming
in a massive way for better implementation of anti-poverty and minimum needs programs (Malik 1995)
Also in the VII plan (1992-97), a greater emphasis has been laid on the role of voluntary
organizations in rural development. The plan document states: A nation-wide network of NGOs
will be created. In order to facilitate the working of this network, three schemes relating to the
creation/replication/multiplication and consultancy development have been worked out by the
planning commission (Malik - 1995)
SOME FAMOUS NGOS OF RAIPUR:
BADHTE KADAM
DR. TARZON MEMORIAL SEWA SANSTHAN
KAIZEN FOUNDATION
MANTHAN GRAMIN SAMAJ SEVA SAMITI
PEOPLE FOR ANIMALS
PRATIGYA NGO
PRIA (SOCIETY FOR PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH IN ASIA)- RAIPUR
SAHYATA MAHILA MANDAL

1.1

HISTORY OF NGO

Helping social welfare & education society is a non-governmental voluntary service


organization. It determines society welfare and education development. This organization is always
aware towards public feeling, public awareness and public welfare. it eliminates the largely spreaded
addiction through sports, environment, health education, women empowerment, child development
and through various help services a healthy self-dependent and rights and duties is working to
coordinate society building.
Helping social welfare & education society is registered under Chhattisgarh society act 1973
No.44 09 May 2014 Reg. No.29790. And the field work of this organization is entire Chhattisgarh.
This organization runs with the help public cooperation, and governmental and non-governmental
organization.
Vision: A society where voluntarism and voluntary organization play dominant and constructive role
in social, cohesion, economic empowerment and nation building. To be an agency which plays a
central role in determining and creating coordination among the institutions and enable social services
to be accessible by all the groups in need and takes actions in order to make the individuals in need of
care self-sufficient in their living environment and provides services at international levels.
Mission : To work towards institutions and capacities that strengthen the voices against
marginalization of communities and increase the potentialities of youth, children and other
marginalization communication for their own development and work towards a healthy society free
from hunger, diseases, discrimination and injustice.

1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE ORGANISATION


Though the organization is working on several areas manifesting through activities, research and
inventions, the key focus area of the organization are on skill development, , children book club,
education and training. The approach of the organization is selected basing on the nature of the
interventions and situation.

Organizational Strength

The organization has sufficient exposure in skill development interventions. It has the
potential of engaging right kind of resource persons for right programmes and it has the support of
rural youth in all intervention areas. Another important aspect of the organization which can be
considered as strength is the systematic planning, management and operation of any programmes. It
enjoys very good relation with government line agencies as well as good proximity with the
communities. The organization takes many efforts in exchanging knowledge and information through
representation in various training programmes and seminars and workshops. The organization`s
office bearers have wide experience in various issues and their involvement in the organizational
activities are very high. Last but not the least the organization has an in-built mechanism of selfmonitoring the programmes.
Following are the objectives:

Animal development
Helping social welfare & education society works in the field of women empowerment
and realization of their citizen rights and duties and also do various activities for the
awareness of child development growth.

Activities for Social law


Organizing various activities for social law and social identity through Helping social
welfare & education society.

Activities for human rights protection


Helping social welfare & education society works for the human rights protection and
enrichment.

Activities to eliminate intoxicants


Various activities against potation at the ground level and public awareness and also dope
relief society through Helping social welfare & education society.

Activities for disabled Animal


Works for the welfare of disabled people and their relocation and also works for their
education, health and self dependence through Helping social welfare & education
society.

Conducting help centers for animal development


Through Helping social welfare & education society, conduction of various activities to
help the helpless old age people and lonely child.

Working in the field health


Through Helping social welfare & education society, conduction of free medical camp at
distant field, conduction of blood donation camp and collecting blood group and donating
them free at wide level. Having sikalsale test and giving correct information, also installing
blood test camp. Spreading right information about aids control. Cooperating with T.B Dots
programmes and conducting eye donation and medical camp. Cooperating with hospitals in
emergency and natural accidents cases.

Working in the field of agriculture


Through Helping social welfare & education society, in agriculture field it gives right
direction to the farmers by conducting farmer awareness camp, introducing modern
agriculture techniques and equipments, improve agriculture by increasing underground water
level. More and more usage of innovative seeds and biological soil. To increase the
production capability of agriculture by new experiments.

Farmers training programmes


Through this organization, conduction of farmers training and monitoring programmes and
also creating awareness about plantation. Connecting and inspiring more and more farmers
towards crop rotation. Taking wide initiative and providing direction to increase the limit
medicinal farming.

Women literacy programmes

To motivate literacy conducting survey and literacy programmes through this organization.
Promoting elderly education and removing misunderstanding related to education to women
and try to increase the literacy by conducting women awareness camp.

Working in the field of education


Through this organization, conducting educational and technical education institution and
working for public comprehensive education. For the children of labour family providing free
education and conducting mending centers. Also with this organization providing stitching,
printing, boutique, cutting, typing and computer trainings and also conducting free coaching
centres to give skill training. Giving career direction to unemployed youths and conducting
free legal clinic for them.

Environment protection and development

Through Helping social welfare & education society, giving motivation to protect and develop
environment for planting medicinal plants and fruitful plants. Running plantation campaign at wide
level to increase underground water level.

Activities for scheduled caste, tribe, backward class


Through Helping social welfare & education society, conducting various social,
educational and occupational and basic awareness programmes for scheduled caste, tribe, and
backward class and working to make their lifestyle superior. Promoting social harmony and
brotherhood. Trying to providing advantage of various government schemes to the backward
class.

BACKGROUND OF PFA
PFA was launched in 1992 by well known animals rights activist Smt.
Maneka Sanjay Gandhi. Animal welfare is not just about animals. It is
about us. Our living conditions, our children, our earth. Cruelty to
animals has a significant and irreversible impact on human health,
economy and environment.

People for Animals also known as PFA is India's largest animal welfare
organization with a nationwide network of 26 hospitals, 165 units and
2.5 Lakh members. We work to rescue and rehabilitate sick and needy
animals. We set up and run shelters, ambulance services, sterilization
programs, treatment camps and disaster rescue missions for animals. We
conduct education programs in schools, fight ashes in court and lobby on
animal issues in parliament. At present, we have a nationwide network
of 165 units, 26 hospitals and 60 mobile units.
PFA aims to have an animal welfare centre in each of the nation's 600
districts.

VISION AND MISSION OF PEOPLE OF ANIMALS

PFA holds that animals are as entitled to the planet as man. As the incharge of resources, man has a moral responsibility to be their provider
and acknowledge their right to a contented life. Our mission is to
practice the same by putting an end to animal exploitation in all walks of
life and to ensure that justice is meted out to them. We endorse a culture
that promotes empathy, appreciation and respect for every living being
on earth. Looking ahead, we see a reformed world, where animals lead a
better and dignified life free of hunger, pain and fear; a world devoid of
violence and cruelty, where animals can co-exist with mankind in
harmony.

ACTIVITIES UNDERTAKEN BY PEOPLE FOR ANIMALS


We struggle hard to meet the cost of food, medicine, and
the salaries of employees at our shelter , which is home
to over one hundred injured or abandoned animals
including dogs, rabbits, cows, monkeys, languor and
horses. To help fund our shelter costs, we have opened an
outpatient department at our office in Raipur where pet
owners can get their pets treated and vaccinated at a low
cost.

Collecting Donation for Sick Animals

What You Can Do


If you are a student - Take this article to your principal
and see if he/she can change the school's insistence on
an item of clothing that is bad for the child and India. If
you have children Take this article to the Principal of
your childs school and ask them to change from
leather to canvas. Stop using leather shoes and other
leather products. Educate your friends about leather as
well and ask them to do the same.

CONCLUSION

One of the most important take away from the project is the formal introduction with the
world which was heard of but unknown to us
The functioning of the NGO was also a great experience for all of us.
I was able to get an insight of troubled life in slum.

Now i very well understand that how and where applications of management can be done.

By observation and opinions of the natives of slums we can clearly see error in execution of
government approach.

In a shocking revelation, a government report suggests that around 48% children of the
country, under age of five years, have stunted growth, indicating that half of the children are
chronically malnourished in India. Even our former Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh
described it as a national shame. So there is an urgent need to solve these problem from the
root.

Despite many efforts a concerted, cooperative, more thoughtful and more efficiently targeted
effort is required to pull once and for all out of poverty, and to give hundreds of millions of
current and future Indian children a real shot at sharing the wealth of the new and miraculous
Indian economy.