example

© All Rights Reserved

61 views

example

© All Rights Reserved

- Determination of OD cooling system parameters based on thermal modeling of power transformer winding
- Detail of Calculation 90degC 080428.xls
- Mcq,s Current Electricity
- Raspoznavanje otpornika
- 2.3.2 e.m.f 00-10
- file (6).pdf
- datasheetcl30
- Ohm's_Law
- A Novel Method for Image Enhancement
- Paper 5-Nearest Neighbor Value Interpolation
- BME301Thermometer Paper
- Electrical Networks and Random Walks
- S. V. Astashkin and L. Maligranda- On Interpolation in Lp Spaces
- PHYSICS II Module 1 (Series)
- Temperature Sensors
- Electricityelectricity
- Assignment 1.pdf
- 表面电阻率测试标准
- file_45952
- Polynomial Interpolation and neville's algorithm

You are on page 1of 10

03

Newtons Divided Difference Interpolation

More Examples

Electrical Engineering

Example 1

Thermistors are used to measure the temperature of bodies. Thermistors are based on materials

change in resistance with temperature. To measure temperature, manufacturers provide you with

a temperature vs. resistance calibration curve. If you measure resistance, you can find the

temperature. A manufacturer of thermistors makes several observations with a thermistor, which

are given in Table 1.

Table 1 Temperature as a function of resistance.

05.03.1

R ohm

T C

1101.0

911.3

636.0

451.1

25.113

30.131

40.120

50.128

Determine the temperature corresponding to 754.8 ohms using Newtons divided difference

method of interpolation and a first order polynomial.

Solution

For linear interpolation, the temperature is given by

T ( R ) b0 b1 ( R R0 )

Since we want to find the temperature at R 754.8 and we are using a first order polynomial,

we need to choose the two data points that are closest to R 754.8 that also bracket R 754.8

to evaluate it. The two points are R 911.3 and R 636.0 .

Then

R0 911.3, T ( R0 ) 30.131

R1 636.0, T ( R1 ) 40.120

gives

b0 T ( R0 )

30.131

T (R 1 ) T (R 0 )

b1

R1 R 0

40.120 30.131

636.0 911.3

0.036284

Hence

T ( R) b0 b1 ( R R0 )

30.131 0.036284( R 911.3),

636.0 R 911.3

R

754

.

8

At

T (754.8) 30.131 0.036284(754.8 911.3)

35.809 C

If we expand

T ( R ) 30.131 0.036284( R 911.3),

636.0 R 911.3

we get

T ( R ) 63.197 0.036284 R,

636.0 R 911.3

This is the same expression that was obtained with the direct method.

Example 2

Thermistors are used to measure the temperature of bodies. Thermistors are based on materials

change in resistance with temperature. To measure temperature, manufacturers provide you with

a temperature vs. resistance calibration curve. If you measure resistance, you can find the

temperature. A manufacturer of thermistors makes several observations with a thermistor, which

are given in Table 2.

Table 2 Temperature as a function of resistance.

R ohm

T C

1101.0

911.3

636.0

451.1

25.113

30.131

40.120

50.128

Determine the temperature corresponding to 754.8 ohms using Newtons divided difference

method of interpolation and a second order polynomial. Find the absolute relative approximate

error for the second order polynomial approximation.

Solution

For quadratic interpolation, the temperature is given by

T ( R ) b0 b1 ( R R0 ) b2 ( R R0 )( R R1 )

Since we want to find the temperature at R 754.8 and we are using a second order polynomial,

we need to choose the three data points that are closest to R 754.8 that also bracket R 754.8

to evaluate it. The three points are R0 911.3, R1 636.0 and R2 451.1 .

Then

R0 911.3, T ( R0 ) 30.131

R1 636.0, T ( R1 ) 40.120

R2 451.1, T ( R2 ) 50.128

05.03.4

gives

Hence

Chapter 05.03

b0 T ( R0 )

30.131

T ( R1 ) T ( R0 )

b1

R1 R0

40.120 30.131

636.0 911.3

0.036284

T ( R2 ) T ( R1 ) T ( R1 ) T ( R0 )

R2 R1

R1 R0

b2

R2 R0

50.128 40.120 40.120 30.131

636.0 911.3

451.1 636.0

451.1 911.3

0.054127 0.036284

460.2

3.8771 10 5

T ( R ) b0 b1 ( R R0 ) b2 ( R R0 )( R R1 )

451.1 R 911.3

At R 754.8,

T (754.8) 30.131 0.036284(754.8 911.3)

3.8771 10 5 (754.8 911.3)(754.8 636.0)

35.089 C

The absolute relative approximate error a obtained between the results from the first and

second order polynomial is

35.089 35.809

a

100

35.089

2.0543%

If we expand,

T ( R) 30.131 0.036284( R 911.3) 3.8771 10 5 ( R 911.3)( R 636.0),

451.1 R 911.3

we get

T R 85.668 0.096275 R 3.8771 10 5 R 2 ,

451.1 R 911.3

This is the same expression that was obtained with the direct method.

Example 3

Thermistors are used to measure the temperature of bodies. Thermistors are based on materials

change in resistance with temperature. To measure temperature, manufacturers provide you with

a temperature vs. resistance calibration curve. If you measure resistance, you can find the

temperature. A manufacturer of thermistors makes several observations with a thermistor, which

are given in Table 3.

Table 3 Temperature as a function of resistance.

R ohm

T C

1101.0

911.3

636.0

451.1

25.113

30.131

40.120

50.128

difference method of interpolation and a third order polynomial. Find the absolute

relative approximate error for the third order polynomial approximation.

b) The actual calibration curve used by industry is given by

1

b0 b1 (ln R ln R0 ) b2 (ln R ln R0 )(ln R ln R1 ) b3 (ln R ln R0 )(ln R ln R1 )(ln R ln R2 )

T

1

y ,

T and x ln R,

substituting

y ( x) b0 b1 ( x x 0 ) b2 ( x x 0 )( x x1 ) b3 ( x x0 )( x x1 )( x x 2 )

Table 4 Manipulation for the given data.

R ohm

T C

x ln R

1101.0

911.3

636.0

451.1

25.113

30.131

40.120

50.128

7.0040

6.8149

6.4552

6.1117

1

y T

0.039820

0.033188

0.024925

0.019949

Find the calibration curve and find the temperature corresponding to 754.8 ohms. What is the

difference between the results from part (a)? Is the difference larger using results from part (a) or

part (b), if the actual measured value at 754.8 ohms is 35.285 C ?

Solution

a) For cubic interpolation, the temperature is given by

T ( R) b0 b1 ( R R0 ) b2 ( R R0 )( R R1 ) b3 ( R R0 )( R R1 )( R R2 )

Since we want to find the temperature at R 754.8, we need to choose the four data points that

are closest to R 754.8 that also bracket R 754.8 to evaluate it. The four data points are

R0 1101.0, R1 911.3, R2 636.0 and R3 451.1 .

Then

R0 1101.0, T ( R0 ) 25.113

05.03.6

Chapter 05.03

R1 911.3, T ( R1 ) 30.131

R2 636.0, T ( R2 ) 40.120

R3 451.1, T ( R3 ) 50.128

gives

b0 T [ R0 ]

T ( R0 )

25.113

b1 T [ R1 , R0 ]

T ( R1 ) T ( R0 )

R1 R0

30.131 25.113

911.3 1101.0

0.026452

b2 T [ R2 , R1 , R0 ]

T [ R2 , R1 ] T [ R1 , R0 ]

R 2 R0

T ( R2 ) T ( R1 )

T [ R2 , R1 ]

R2 R1

40.120 30.131

636.0 911.3

0.036284

T [ R1 , R0 ] 0.026452

T [ R2 , R1 ] T [ R1 , R0 ]

b2

R 2 R0

0.036284 0.026452

636.0 1101.0

2.1144 10 5

b3 T [ R3 , R2 , R1 , R0 ]

T [ R3 , R2 , R1 ] T [ R2 , R1 , R0 ]

R3 R0

T [ R3 , R2 ] T [ R2 , R1 ]

T [ R3 , R2 , R1 ]

R3 R1

T ( R3 ) T ( R2 )

T [ R3 , R2 ]

R3 R2

50.128 40.120

451.1 636.0

0.054127

T [ R2 , R1 ] 0.036284

T [ R3 , R2 ] T [ R2 , R1 ]

R3 R1

0.054127 0.036284

451.1 911.3

3.8771 10 5

T [ R 2 , R1 , R0 ] 2.1144 10 5

T [ R3 , R2 , R1 ]

b3

T [ R3 , R2 , R1 ] T [ R2 , R1 , R0 ]

R3 R0

3.8771 10 5 2.1144 10 5

451.1 1101.0

2.7124 10 8

Hence

T ( R) b0 b1 ( R R0 ) b2 ( R R0 )( R R1 ) b3 ( R R0 )( R R1 )( R R2 )

2.7124 10 8 ( R 1101.0)( R 911.3)( R 636.0), 451.1 R 1101.0

At R 754.8,

T (754.8) 25.113 0.026452(754.8 1101.0) 2.1144 10 5 (754.8 1101.0)(754.8 911.3)

2.7124 10 8 (754.8 1101.0)(754.8 911.3)(754.8 626.0)

35.242 C

The absolute relative approximate error a obtained between the results from the second and

third order polynomial is

35.242 35.089

a

100

35.242

0.43458%

If we expand

T R 25.113 0.026452( R 1101.0) 2.1144 10 5 ( R 1101.0)( R 911.3)

2.7124 10 8 ( R 1101.0)( R 911.3)( R 636.0),

451.1 R 1101.0

we get

T R 92.759 0.13093R 9.2975 10 5 R 2 2.7124 10 8 R 3 , 451.1 R 1101.0

This is the same expression that was obtained with the direct method.

b) Finding the cubic interpolant using Newtons divided difference for

y ( x) b0 b1 ( x x 0 ) b2 ( x x 0 )( x x1 ) b3 ( x x0 )( x x1 )( x x 2 )

requires that we first calculate the new values of x and y .

05.03.8

Then

Chapter 05.03

x ln R

1

y T

7.0040

6.8149

6.4552

6.1117

0.039820

0.033188

0.024925

0.019949

x0 7.0040, y x 0 0.039820

x1 6.8149, y x1 0.033188

x 2 6.4552, y x 2 0.024925

x3 6.1117, y x3 0.019949

gives

b0 y[ x 0 ]

y( x0 )

0.039820

b1 y[ x1 , x 0 ]

y ( x1 ) y ( x0 )

x1 x0

0.033188 0.039820

6.8149 7.0040

0.035069

b2 y[ x 2 , x1 , x 0 ]

y[ x 2 , x1 ] y[ x1 , x 0 ]

x2 x0

y ( x 2 ) y ( x1 )

y[ x 2 , x1 ]

x 2 x1

0.024925 0.033188

6.4552 6.8149

0.022974

y[ x1 , x 0 ] 0.035069

y[ x 2 , x1 ] y[ x1 , x 0 ]

x2 x0

0.022974 0.035069

6.4552 7.0040

0.022040

b2

b3 y[ x3 , x 2 , x1 , x 0 ]

y[ x3 , x 2 , x1 ] y[ x 2 , x1 , x0 ]

x3 x 0

y[ x3 , x 2 ] y[ x 2 , x1 ]

y[ x3 , x 2 , x1 ]

x3 x1

y ( x3 ) y ( x 2 )

y[ x3 , x 2 ]

x3 x 2

0.019949 0.024925

6.1117 6.4552

0.014487

y[ x 2 , x1 ] 0.022974

y[ x3 , x 2 ] y[ x 2 , x1 ]

y[ x3 , x 2 , x1 ]

x3 x1

0.014487 0.022974

6.1117 6.8149

0.012070

y[ x 2 , x1 , x0 ] 0.022040

y[ x3 , x 2 , x1 ] y[ x 2 , x1 , x 0 ]

b3

x3 x 0

0.012070 0.022040

6.1117 7.0040

0.011173

Hence

y ( x) b0 b1 ( x x 0 ) b2 ( x x 0 )( x x1 ) b3 ( x x0 )( x x1 )( x x 2 )

0.039820 0.035069( x 7.0040) 0.022974( x 7.0040)( x 6.8149)

0.011173( x 7.0040)( x 6.8149)( x 6.4552), 6.1117 x 7.0040

Since were looking for the temperature at R 754.8 , we will be using

x ln( 754.8)

6.6265

x

6

.

6265

,

At

y (6.6265) 0.039820 0.035071(6.6265 7.0040)

0.011182(6.6265 7.0040)(6.6265 6.8149)(6.6265 6.4552)

0.028285

1

y ,

T

Finally, since

1

T

y

1

0.028285

05.03.10

Chapter 05.03

35.355 C

Since the actual measured value at 754.8 ohms is 35.285 C, the absolute relative true error for

the value found in part (a) is

35.285 35.242

t

100

35.285

0.12253%

and for part (b) is

35.285 35.355

t

100

35.285

0.19825%

Therefore, the cubic polynomial interpolant given by Newtons divided difference method, that

is,

T ( R) b0 b1 ( R R0 ) b2 ( R R0 )( R R1 ) b3 ( R R0 )( R R1 )( R R2 )

obtained more accurate results than the calibration curve of

1

b0 b1 (ln R ln R0 ) b2 (ln R ln R0 )(ln R ln R1 ) b3 (ln R ln R0 )(ln R ln R1 )(ln R ln R2 )

T

INTERPOLATION

Topic

Newtons Divided Difference Interpolation

Summary Examples of Newtons divided difference interpolation.

Major

Electrical Engineering

Authors

Autar Kaw

Date

June 10, 2016

Web Site http://numericalmethods.eng.usf.edu

- Determination of OD cooling system parameters based on thermal modeling of power transformer windingUploaded bympu682
- Detail of Calculation 90degC 080428.xlsUploaded byvishnuvyas
- Mcq,s Current ElectricityUploaded bybilal5202050
- Raspoznavanje otpornikaUploaded byjedgovn
- 2.3.2 e.m.f 00-10Uploaded byMurray Physics
- file (6).pdfUploaded byIntan Ramadhani
- datasheetcl30Uploaded byMelvin Brown
- Ohm's_LawUploaded byDragana Mojin Pešić
- A Novel Method for Image EnhancementUploaded byIDES
- Paper 5-Nearest Neighbor Value InterpolationUploaded byEditor IJACSA
- BME301Thermometer PaperUploaded bysystemdll
- Electrical Networks and Random WalksUploaded byHui Han Chin
- S. V. Astashkin and L. Maligranda- On Interpolation in Lp SpacesUploaded byJutyyy
- PHYSICS II Module 1 (Series)Uploaded byWilliam Pigon
- Temperature SensorsUploaded byRaoufi Mustapha
- ElectricityelectricityUploaded byparoothi
- Assignment 1.pdfUploaded bysunnyopg
- 表面电阻率测试标准Uploaded bydavidwang8512
- file_45952Uploaded bylaurah
- Polynomial Interpolation and neville's algorithmUploaded byStephen Rickman
- Week 6Uploaded byKhairul
- 010 - Engine - Intake Air Temp. Circuit MalfunctionUploaded byRoby Widianto
- LadenUploaded bySledge Hammer
- Dummy LoadUploaded byDimas Benasulin
- Training Paper Household Appliances With ElectronicsUploaded byalberteinstein
- Experiment No.1Uploaded byAMIRUL SOJIB
- Numerical AnalysisUploaded byawais
- transducersUploaded byAnanya Srivastava
- Electric Circuits 9TH 102Uploaded byRichard Dapito
- Mechatronics AssignmentsUploaded byKeith Magaka

- BS en 772-1-2000 - Methods of Test for Masonry UnitUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Design Ref_Dry Sedimentation BasinUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Design Ref_ Infiltration FacilitiesUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Design Ref_ Infiltration FacilitiesUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- SFD and BMD in FramesUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- MDOT MS4 App 91746 7. 10 B Drainage ManualUploaded byrhusseinpos4765
- Classification of Rock Material Weathering GradesUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Typical Project Signboard for Upgrading WorksUploaded byLee LaiHaa
- HoneycombsUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Prevent CracksUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Strain, Reinforced concrete, confinementUploaded byArjun Mullu
- Grease Trap.pdfUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- 256075687-7-Inclined-Plate-Settler-Clarification.pdfUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- foundationsUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- raft designUploaded byAnirban Dey
- Grading for Fine AggregatesUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Annexure 16_tool for Design of Tube SettlerUploaded byWikaz Fiansyah
- L-Concretework 1-new1Uploaded byalaa
- 8 Mix design calculations.pdfUploaded byfahad raza
- Statical Determinacy and Stability (Sem 2 2012-2013)Uploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Curve Fitting NotesUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Raster Tutorial ArcGIS 93Uploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Hominid EvolutionUploaded byrachelmacleod
- Its [Autosaved]Uploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- vertical Drainage for usedUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- engineering specUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Colebrook White FormulaUploaded byHangan Liviu
- beamUploaded bySYifa ShuhaIli
- Guide to Soil Nail Design and ConstructionUploaded byAdam Ahmad

- Signal Systems Lab FinalUploaded byKhadem Samad Nitol
- Homework 2.1 - 2.3Uploaded byTrong Duong
- ContentUploaded bySukhwinder Singh Gill
- Example Problem Solving MatlabUploaded byAmit Shukla
- A Bio Mechanical Study of Balance RecoveryUploaded byKhaled Abuzayan
- Pulp and Paper Dictionary [by Andi Lukman Hakim]Uploaded byandhie68
- BCA.pdfUploaded byERRohitMehra
- Planning aspects of DVB-T2 - EBU TECH3348 - May 2011.pdfUploaded byMelania Dîmbeanu
- Ndt 4 METHODSUploaded bywelding inspector
- Anti Friction Bearings for PumpsUploaded byJaime Berry
- EC208 Analog Communication EngineeringUploaded bytrismahesh
- MW00101E00_BRUSHLESS_V_4.1_EN (1)Uploaded byJonathan Morales
- Waxing-postharvest Hu Et Al PDF - Hu Et AlUploaded bysupri_nurani
- 6 Effect of Exercise Therapy Compared With Arthroscopic Surgery on Knee Muscle Strenght and Functional Performance in Middle Aged Patients With Degenerative Meniscus TearsUploaded byLuis Miguel
- Design and Analysis of Two Wheel Drive Forklift for Industrial Warehouses IJERTCONV6IS04053Uploaded bysankaramarayanan
- Imp SAN Brocade Admin CommandsUploaded bySrinivas Gollanapalli
- Diabetes jurnalUploaded byBenny Wicaksono
- Chenming Hu Ch1 SlidesUploaded by詹浩正
- B49CE_Student_Guide_v1.pdfUploaded byZuleyxa
- Perfect Monitor PlacementUploaded byAndrew Maverick
- Schneider CatalgueUploaded bymytan111
- ASTM B177Uploaded byFaIIen0nE
- GIA_Ruby_Montepuez_Mozambique.pdfUploaded byVaishali Jhaveri
- 1.Single Point MooringsUploaded byAman Singhal
- NOx Fluidized Bed-9Uploaded byJoão Diego Feitosa
- Vista TwiksUploaded bycroitoriuandrei
- pseudocolor paper.pdfUploaded byalditiger
- cost acc all combinedUploaded byMasterofDisaster
- New Microsoft Office Word DocumentUploaded byAhmed Hamdy
- PDS Translation User Guide.pdfUploaded byerikestrela

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.