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Sri Eshwar college of Engineering, Coimbatore

Anna university Questions-Gas dynamics and jet propulsion


Unit 1 A

determine stagnation temperature,Temperature and Velocity of air at


exit, The flow rate per square meter of the inlet cross section Take
=1.4,R=287 J/Kg K (Refer Page No: 1.51)

1.Derive the acoustic velocity (Refer Page No: 1.6)

17.Oxygen at 200Kpa flows at a velocity of 50 m/s. Find the mach


number at a point where its density is 2.9kg/m 3.Molecular weight of
oxygen is 32 and =.1.4 (Refer Page No: 1.99)

2.Derive Steady flow energy equation (Refer Page No: 1.6)


3.Derive Mach number (Refer Page No : 1.9)
4.Derive and define Stagnation enthalpy (Refer Chapter 1)
5.Derive and define Stagnation Temperature (Refer Chapter 1)
6.Derive and define Stagnation Pressure(Refer Chapter 1)
7.Derive and define Stagnation Density (Refer Chapter 1)
8.Derive and define Stagnation Velocity (Refer Chapter 1)
9. Explain various regions of flow with diagram (Refer Page No: 1.14)
10.Derive the characteristics of the mach number at critical condition
(Refer Page No: 1.23)
11.Derive and define Crocco number (Refer Page No: 1.26)
12.Derive and define Bernoulis Equation (refer Page No; 1.29)
12.Deduce effect of compressibility on mach number (Refer Page No:
1.32)
14.Explain Mach Cone ,Mach Angle ,Mach waves with neat sketch
15.The jet of gas at 500K has a mach number of 1.2.Determine the
following 1.Local Velocity of sound,Stagnation velocity of sound,Static
Enthalpy,Stagnation enthalpy,Maximum attainable velocity of jet Take
=.1.3 R=469 J/Kg K (Refer Page No: 1.45)
16.Air enters a straight duct at 2.5 bar and 30C.the inlet mach number
is 1.5 bar and exit mach number is 2.4.Assuming adiabatic flow,

Unit 1 B
1.The velocity, pressure and temperature of a duct are 320m/s,1 bar and
295 K, Calculate the following Stagnation pressure, Stagnation
temperature, Velocity of sound in dynamic condition, Velocity of sound
in stagnation condition, Stagnation pressure assuming constant density
(Refer Page No: 2.37)
2.Ambient air (Po = 1 bar, To =285 K) is sucked by a blower through a
convergent nozzle. the throat diameter is 12 cm. If the velocity at the
throat reaches the sonic value, determine pressure and temperature at
the throat, Maximum mass flow rate.
3.A conical air diffuser has an inlet area of 0.11m2and an exit area of
0.44 m2.Air enters the diffuser with a static pressure of 0.18 Mpa, Static
temperature of 37C and Velocity of 267 m/s.Calculate the mass flow
rate of air through the diffuser, The mach number, Static temperature
and static pressure of air leaving diffuser .The net thrust acting upon the
diffuser due to diffusion. (Refer Page No: 2.128)
4.a converging divergent nozzle has an exit area to throat area ratio of
2.Air enters the nozzle with a stagnation pressure of 7 bar and a
stagnation temperature of 100C.The Throat area is 6.5cm2,Determine
exit pressure, Exit Temperature of 100 C.the throat area is 6.5
cm2.Determine exit pressure, Exit Temperature,Exit Mach number and
Exit Velocity for the following conditions Sonic velocity at the throat,
Diverging section acting as a nozzle, Sonic velocity at the throat,
diverging section acting as a diffuser (Refer Page No: 2.117)

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

Unit 2
Rayleigh Flow
6.
Briefly
Oblique shock.
1. Explain
Derive
theabout
momentum
Equation for Rayleigh flow
(Refer Page No: 3.4)
7.A convergent Divergent air Nozzle has exit to throat area ratio of 3.A
normal
appears
at the divergent
section where
the
exit area ratio
2.Deriveshockthe
continuity
equation
for
Rayleigh
flow
is
2.2.Find
the
mach
number,
before
and
after
the
shock.
If
the
inlet
(Refer Page No: 3.4)
stagnation properties are 500 Kpa and 450 K. find the properties of air
3. exit
Theand
conditions
of a gasacross
in a the
combustion
chamber at entry are
at
Entropy increase
shock.
M1=0.28 T01 = 380 K, P01 =4.9 bar. The heat supplied in the
8.A
Pitot tube
kept inis a620
supersonic
wind tunnel
forms
a bow
shock
combustion
chamber
Kj/Kg. Determine
Mach
number,
Pressure
ahead
of it. The static
pressure
thedetermine
shock is 16
and the
and Temperature
of the
gas atupstream
exit and of
also
theKpa
stagnation
pressure
the during
mouth isheating.
70 Kpa.Take
Estimate
of the
pressure atloss
= the
1.3,mach
Cp number
= 1.22J/KgK
tunnel.
If the
temperature is 300C,Calculate the static
(Refer Page
No:stagnation
3.31)
temperature and total pressure upstream and downstream of the tube.
4.The Page
condition
of a gas in a combustion chamber at entry are
(Refer
No : 4.80)
T1=375K,P1=0.5 bar,C1 = 70 m/s. the air fuel ratio is 29 and the
9.Explain
why of
normal
shock
wave
causes
flowinitial
to jump
calorific value
the fuel
is 42
MJ/Kg.
thesupersonic
calculate The
and
subsonic
flow,
Substantiate
your
answer
with
governing
equations,
final mach number, Final pressure, temperature and Velocity of the gas,
relevant
reasons
using T-S
Diagram
(Refer
Page No stagnation
: Q.12 )
Percentage
of and
stagnation
pressure
loss,
Maximum
(Diagram
Available
in Gasand
tables)
temperature.,
Take =1.4
R= 0.287 j/Kg K (Refer Page No: 3.44)
10.Deduce
the hugoniot
equation
foristheraised
shockfrom
heating
5.The stagnation
temperature
of air
85Cand
to Explain
376C inthea
same
on PV Plane.
Page
No: number
4.21) is 0.4, Determine the final
heat exchanger.
If (Refer
the inlet
mach
Mach number and percentage drop in pressure. (Refer Page No: 3.84)
11.Derive the equation for Pressure ratio across the flow through
Normal Shock wave (Page NO:
4.14)Flow
Fanno
12.A
of air20atmm
a mach
numbermofLong
2.5 ispipe
deflected
inwards
at the
6. AirjetEnters
diameter,11
at a Mach
number
of
corner
of
a
curved
wall.
the
wave
angle
at
the
corner
is
60.Determine
0.24 pressure of 2 bar and temperature of 300 k. If the friction factor is
the
deflection angle
the wall,1.Mass
Pressure
andrate,
temperature
ratios Exit
and
0.003,Determine
the on
following
flow
Exit Pressure,
final
mach number.
(Refer
Page (Refer
No: 4.133)
temperature,Exit
Mach
number
Page NO: 3.165)
13. Explain Shock waves in detail (Page No: 4.1)

7. A circular duct of 35 cm diameter passes gas at a mach number of


2.0 .the static pressure and temperature are 1 bar and 410 K
Respectively a normal shock occurs at a mach number of 1.4 and the
Unit 4 of friction is 0.002,Calculate
exit mach number is 1.If the coefficient
1.1.length
Classifyofjetthe
propulsion
enginesand
in detail
Page
duct upstream
down(Refer
stream
of No
the 5.1)
shock wave,
flowworking
rate of the
gas, Change
of entropy
for upstream
shock,
2.Mass
Explain
principle
of Ramjet
engines(Refer
Page of
Nothe
5.2)
across the shock and down stream of the shock. Take =1.3 and R =
3.0.285
Explain
working
principle
of Pulse
Kj/KgK
(Refer
Page No:
3.173)jet engines (Refer Page No 5.7)
4. Explain working principle of Turbojet engines (Refer Page No 5.9)

Unit 3

5. Explain working principle of Turbo fan engines


1. Derive downstream Mach number My (Refer Page No: 4.8)
(Refer Page No 5.14)
2.Explain Supersonic wind tunnels (Page NO: 4.38)
6. Explain working principle of Turbo prop engines
3.An Aircraft flies at a mach number of 1.1 at an altitude of 15000
(Refer Page No 5.17)
metres. the compression in its engine is partly achieved by a normal
7.shock
Draw wave
the gasstanding
turbine power
for of
air craft
propulsion
(Refer the
at theplant
entry
its diffuser.
Determine
following
downstream
Drawingfor
Page
No: 5.19)of the shock.1) mach number 2) Temperature
of the air 3) Pressure of the air 4) Stagnation pressure loss across the
8. What is Ram Effect (Refer Page No: 5.113)
shock
9. Derive the equation for jet thrust (Refer Page No: 5.28 )
4.A jet of air entering the subsonic diffuser at Po = 1 bar, and T = 280
10.
themach
equation
for Propeller
thrust
5.29)area of
K. Derive
The entry
number
is 2 and the
ratio(Refer
of thePage
exit No:
to entry
theDerive
diffuserthe
is equation
4.If therefor
is aEffective
normal shock
just outside
11.
speed wave
ratio (Refer
Page the
No:diffuser
5.30 )
entry, Determine the following for the exit 1.Mach number
12.
Derive the equation
for4.Stagnation
Specific thrust
(Referloss.
Page No: 5.30 )
2.Temperature
3.Pressure
pressure
13.Derive the equation for Thrust specific fuel consumption (TSFC)
5. A convergent divergent nozzle is designed to expand air from a
(Refer Page
No: 5.31
)
reservoir
in which
the pressure
is 800 kpa and temperature is 40C to
2
give
a Mach
exitPropulsive
of 2.5.Theefficiency
throat area
is 25cm
14.
Derive
thenumber
equationatfor
(Refer
PageFind
No: 1.mass
5.31)
flow rate 2.Area at Exit 3.When a normal Shock Appears at a section
15. Derive the equation for2.thermal efficiency (Refer Page No: 5.32)
where the area is 40 cm .Determine the pressure and temperature at
16.Derive
thePage
equation
for overall efficiency (refer Page No: 5.33)
exit. (Refer
No: 4.71)

14. Derive the prandtl meyer Relation (Refer Page No : 4.2)


Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

17) An Aircraft Flies at a speed of 520Kmph at an altitude of

Unit 5

through the propeller. 2) Thrust produced 3) Thrust power 4) Specific

1.
2.
3.
4.

Impulse 5) thrust power

Effective jet velocity = 1200 m/s

18.) An Aircraft takes 45 Kg/s of air from the atmosphere and flies at a

Flight to jet speed ratio = 0.82

speed of 950 Kmph. The air fuel ratio is 50 and the calorific value of

Oxidizer flow rate = 3.4 kg/s

the fuel is 42MJ/Kg. For maximum thrust power Find 1)jet velocity

Fuel flow rate = 1.2 kg/s

2)Thrust 30Specific thrust 4) Thrust power 5) Propulsive efficiency 6)

Heat of reaction per Kg of the exhaust gases = 2520 Kj/Kg

Thermal Efficiency

Find

8000m.The diameter of the propeller of an aircraft is 2.4 m and flight to


jet speed ratio is 0.74.Find the Following. 1) the rate of air flow

7) Overall efficiency 8) thrust specific fuel

Explain the types of rockets in detail


Explain the types of rockets based on fuel.
Explain the types of feed system in fuel
A Rocket engines has the following data

consumption (Refer Page No: 5.43)

Thrust

19.)A Turbo jet engine operated at an Altitude of 11km and at a speed

Specific impulse

of 900Kmph.the engine has the following data Stagnation temperature

Propulsive efficiency

at the turbine inlet = 1500 K Temperature drop in the turbine =

Thermal Eficiency

205C,Calorific value of the fuel = 42 MJ/Kg, turbine efficiency = 0.92


, Compressor efficiency = 0.76,Combustion chamber efficiency = 0.95 ,
Exhaust nozzle efficiency = 0.93,Assume the properties of the

Overall eficiency
Similarly Problem No 6, 7 and 8

combustion gases same as those of air and no stagnation pressure loss


in the inlet diffuser, Stagnation pressure at the inlet turbine entry =
0.97*stagnation pressure at the compressor exit, Calculate 1)Flight
Mach number 20 Air fuel ratio 3) Compressor stagnation pressure ratio
4) turbine stagnation pressure ratio Exhaust nozzle pressure ratio,
Velocity of the exhaust gases (Refer Page No 5.60)
20.Discuss the theory of
jet propulsion
(Refer Page
: 5.1) Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore
Prepared
by : S.Ganeshkumar
AsstNo
Professor

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore