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You are on page 1of 6

Unit 1 A

exit, The flow rate per square meter of the inlet cross section Take

=1.4,R=287 J/Kg K (Refer Page No: 1.51)

number at a point where its density is 2.9kg/m 3.Molecular weight of

oxygen is 32 and =.1.4 (Refer Page No: 1.99)

3.Derive Mach number (Refer Page No : 1.9)

4.Derive and define Stagnation enthalpy (Refer Chapter 1)

5.Derive and define Stagnation Temperature (Refer Chapter 1)

6.Derive and define Stagnation Pressure(Refer Chapter 1)

7.Derive and define Stagnation Density (Refer Chapter 1)

8.Derive and define Stagnation Velocity (Refer Chapter 1)

9. Explain various regions of flow with diagram (Refer Page No: 1.14)

10.Derive the characteristics of the mach number at critical condition

(Refer Page No: 1.23)

11.Derive and define Crocco number (Refer Page No: 1.26)

12.Derive and define Bernoulis Equation (refer Page No; 1.29)

12.Deduce effect of compressibility on mach number (Refer Page No:

1.32)

14.Explain Mach Cone ,Mach Angle ,Mach waves with neat sketch

15.The jet of gas at 500K has a mach number of 1.2.Determine the

following 1.Local Velocity of sound,Stagnation velocity of sound,Static

Enthalpy,Stagnation enthalpy,Maximum attainable velocity of jet Take

=.1.3 R=469 J/Kg K (Refer Page No: 1.45)

16.Air enters a straight duct at 2.5 bar and 30C.the inlet mach number

is 1.5 bar and exit mach number is 2.4.Assuming adiabatic flow,

Unit 1 B

1.The velocity, pressure and temperature of a duct are 320m/s,1 bar and

295 K, Calculate the following Stagnation pressure, Stagnation

temperature, Velocity of sound in dynamic condition, Velocity of sound

in stagnation condition, Stagnation pressure assuming constant density

(Refer Page No: 2.37)

2.Ambient air (Po = 1 bar, To =285 K) is sucked by a blower through a

convergent nozzle. the throat diameter is 12 cm. If the velocity at the

throat reaches the sonic value, determine pressure and temperature at

the throat, Maximum mass flow rate.

3.A conical air diffuser has an inlet area of 0.11m2and an exit area of

0.44 m2.Air enters the diffuser with a static pressure of 0.18 Mpa, Static

temperature of 37C and Velocity of 267 m/s.Calculate the mass flow

rate of air through the diffuser, The mach number, Static temperature

and static pressure of air leaving diffuser .The net thrust acting upon the

diffuser due to diffusion. (Refer Page No: 2.128)

4.a converging divergent nozzle has an exit area to throat area ratio of

2.Air enters the nozzle with a stagnation pressure of 7 bar and a

stagnation temperature of 100C.The Throat area is 6.5cm2,Determine

exit pressure, Exit Temperature of 100 C.the throat area is 6.5

cm2.Determine exit pressure, Exit Temperature,Exit Mach number and

Exit Velocity for the following conditions Sonic velocity at the throat,

Diverging section acting as a nozzle, Sonic velocity at the throat,

diverging section acting as a diffuser (Refer Page No: 2.117)

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

Unit 2

Rayleigh Flow

6.

Briefly

Oblique shock.

1. Explain

Derive

theabout

momentum

Equation for Rayleigh flow

(Refer Page No: 3.4)

7.A convergent Divergent air Nozzle has exit to throat area ratio of 3.A

normal

appears

at the divergent

section where

the

exit area ratio

2.Deriveshockthe

continuity

equation

for

Rayleigh

flow

is

2.2.Find

the

mach

number,

before

and

after

the

shock.

If

the

inlet

(Refer Page No: 3.4)

stagnation properties are 500 Kpa and 450 K. find the properties of air

3. exit

Theand

conditions

of a gasacross

in a the

combustion

chamber at entry are

at

Entropy increase

shock.

M1=0.28 T01 = 380 K, P01 =4.9 bar. The heat supplied in the

8.A

Pitot tube

kept inis a620

supersonic

wind tunnel

forms

a bow

shock

combustion

chamber

Kj/Kg. Determine

Mach

number,

Pressure

ahead

of it. The static

pressure

thedetermine

shock is 16

and the

and Temperature

of the

gas atupstream

exit and of

also

theKpa

stagnation

pressure

the during

mouth isheating.

70 Kpa.Take

Estimate

of the

pressure atloss

= the

1.3,mach

Cp number

= 1.22J/KgK

tunnel.

If the

temperature is 300C,Calculate the static

(Refer Page

No:stagnation

3.31)

temperature and total pressure upstream and downstream of the tube.

4.The Page

condition

of a gas in a combustion chamber at entry are

(Refer

No : 4.80)

T1=375K,P1=0.5 bar,C1 = 70 m/s. the air fuel ratio is 29 and the

9.Explain

why of

normal

shock

wave

causes

flowinitial

to jump

calorific value

the fuel

is 42

MJ/Kg.

thesupersonic

calculate The

and

subsonic

flow,

Substantiate

your

answer

with

governing

equations,

final mach number, Final pressure, temperature and Velocity of the gas,

relevant

reasons

using T-S

Diagram

(Refer

Page No stagnation

: Q.12 )

Percentage

of and

stagnation

pressure

loss,

Maximum

(Diagram

Available

in Gasand

tables)

temperature.,

Take =1.4

R= 0.287 j/Kg K (Refer Page No: 3.44)

10.Deduce

the hugoniot

equation

foristheraised

shockfrom

heating

5.The stagnation

temperature

of air

85Cand

to Explain

376C inthea

same

on PV Plane.

Page

No: number

4.21) is 0.4, Determine the final

heat exchanger.

If (Refer

the inlet

mach

Mach number and percentage drop in pressure. (Refer Page No: 3.84)

11.Derive the equation for Pressure ratio across the flow through

Normal Shock wave (Page NO:

4.14)Flow

Fanno

12.A

of air20atmm

a mach

numbermofLong

2.5 ispipe

deflected

inwards

at the

6. AirjetEnters

diameter,11

at a Mach

number

of

corner

of

a

curved

wall.

the

wave

angle

at

the

corner

is

60.Determine

0.24 pressure of 2 bar and temperature of 300 k. If the friction factor is

the

deflection angle

the wall,1.Mass

Pressure

andrate,

temperature

ratios Exit

and

0.003,Determine

the on

following

flow

Exit Pressure,

final

mach number.

(Refer

Page (Refer

No: 4.133)

temperature,Exit

Mach

number

Page NO: 3.165)

13. Explain Shock waves in detail (Page No: 4.1)

2.0 .the static pressure and temperature are 1 bar and 410 K

Respectively a normal shock occurs at a mach number of 1.4 and the

Unit 4 of friction is 0.002,Calculate

exit mach number is 1.If the coefficient

1.1.length

Classifyofjetthe

propulsion

enginesand

in detail

Page

duct upstream

down(Refer

stream

of No

the 5.1)

shock wave,

flowworking

rate of the

gas, Change

of entropy

for upstream

shock,

2.Mass

Explain

principle

of Ramjet

engines(Refer

Page of

Nothe

5.2)

across the shock and down stream of the shock. Take =1.3 and R =

3.0.285

Explain

working

principle

of Pulse

Kj/KgK

(Refer

Page No:

3.173)jet engines (Refer Page No 5.7)

4. Explain working principle of Turbojet engines (Refer Page No 5.9)

Unit 3

1. Derive downstream Mach number My (Refer Page No: 4.8)

(Refer Page No 5.14)

2.Explain Supersonic wind tunnels (Page NO: 4.38)

6. Explain working principle of Turbo prop engines

3.An Aircraft flies at a mach number of 1.1 at an altitude of 15000

(Refer Page No 5.17)

metres. the compression in its engine is partly achieved by a normal

7.shock

Draw wave

the gasstanding

turbine power

for of

air craft

propulsion

(Refer the

at theplant

entry

its diffuser.

Determine

following

downstream

Drawingfor

Page

No: 5.19)of the shock.1) mach number 2) Temperature

of the air 3) Pressure of the air 4) Stagnation pressure loss across the

8. What is Ram Effect (Refer Page No: 5.113)

shock

9. Derive the equation for jet thrust (Refer Page No: 5.28 )

4.A jet of air entering the subsonic diffuser at Po = 1 bar, and T = 280

10.

themach

equation

for Propeller

thrust

5.29)area of

K. Derive

The entry

number

is 2 and the

ratio(Refer

of thePage

exit No:

to entry

theDerive

diffuserthe

is equation

4.If therefor

is aEffective

normal shock

just outside

11.

speed wave

ratio (Refer

Page the

No:diffuser

5.30 )

entry, Determine the following for the exit 1.Mach number

12.

Derive the equation

for4.Stagnation

Specific thrust

(Referloss.

Page No: 5.30 )

2.Temperature

3.Pressure

pressure

13.Derive the equation for Thrust specific fuel consumption (TSFC)

5. A convergent divergent nozzle is designed to expand air from a

(Refer Page

No: 5.31

)

reservoir

in which

the pressure

is 800 kpa and temperature is 40C to

2

give

a Mach

exitPropulsive

of 2.5.Theefficiency

throat area

is 25cm

14.

Derive

thenumber

equationatfor

(Refer

PageFind

No: 1.mass

5.31)

flow rate 2.Area at Exit 3.When a normal Shock Appears at a section

15. Derive the equation for2.thermal efficiency (Refer Page No: 5.32)

where the area is 40 cm .Determine the pressure and temperature at

16.Derive

thePage

equation

for overall efficiency (refer Page No: 5.33)

exit. (Refer

No: 4.71)

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

Unit 5

1.

2.

3.

4.

18.) An Aircraft takes 45 Kg/s of air from the atmosphere and flies at a

speed of 950 Kmph. The air fuel ratio is 50 and the calorific value of

the fuel is 42MJ/Kg. For maximum thrust power Find 1)jet velocity

Thermal Efficiency

Find

jet speed ratio is 0.74.Find the Following. 1) the rate of air flow

Explain the types of rockets based on fuel.

Explain the types of feed system in fuel

A Rocket engines has the following data

Thrust

Specific impulse

Propulsive efficiency

Thermal Eficiency

, Compressor efficiency = 0.76,Combustion chamber efficiency = 0.95 ,

Exhaust nozzle efficiency = 0.93,Assume the properties of the

Overall eficiency

Similarly Problem No 6, 7 and 8

in the inlet diffuser, Stagnation pressure at the inlet turbine entry =

0.97*stagnation pressure at the compressor exit, Calculate 1)Flight

Mach number 20 Air fuel ratio 3) Compressor stagnation pressure ratio

4) turbine stagnation pressure ratio Exhaust nozzle pressure ratio,

Velocity of the exhaust gases (Refer Page No 5.60)

20.Discuss the theory of

jet propulsion

(Refer Page

: 5.1) Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

Prepared

by : S.Ganeshkumar

AsstNo

Professor

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

Prepared by : S.Ganeshkumar Asst Professor Mechanical Engineering ,Sri Eshwar College of Engineering, Coimbatore

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