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Material Safety Data Sheet

Hydrofluoric Acid, 48% MSDS
Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification
Product Name:
Hydrofluoric Acid, 48%
Catalog Codes:
Not applicable.
TSCA 8(b) inventory: Water; Hydrofluoric acid
Not available.
Hydrogen Fluoride; Hydrofluoride
Chemical Name:
Hydrofluoric acid
Chemical Formula:
Not applicable.
Contact Information:, Inc.
14025 Smith Rd.

Houston, Texas 77396

US Sales:
International Sales:
Order Online:
CHEMTREC (24HR Emergency Telephone), call:
International CHEMTREC, call:
For non-emergency assistance, call:

Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients

% by Weight
Hydrogen fluoride
Toxicological Data on Ingredients:
Hydrofluoric acid: VAPOR (LC50): Acute: 1276 ppm 1 hours [Rat]. 342 ppm 1
[Mouse]. 1774 ppm 1 hours [Monkey]. 4327 ppm 0.5 hours [Guinea pig].

Section 3: Hazards Identification

Potential Acute Health Effects:
Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of eye
contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion. Liquid
or spray mist may produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of
eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin
contact may produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe
irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by
coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Severe over-exposure can result in
death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized
by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching,
scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering.
Potential Chronic Health Effects:
Non-corrosive for skin. Non-irritant for skin. Non-sensitizer for skin. Nonpermeator by skin. Non-irritating to the eyes.
Non-hazardous in case of ingestion. Non-hazardous in case of inhalation. Nonirritant for lungs. Non-sensitizer for lungs.
available. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may be toxic to

lungs, mucous membranes, skin, eyes, bones,
teeth. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target
organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact
with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist
may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial
infection. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic
material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one
or many human organs.

Section 4: First Aid Measures

Eye Contact:
Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush
eyes with plenty of water for at least 15-30
minutes. Cold water may be used. Keep the eyelids apart and away from the
eyeballs during irrigation. Do not use oily drops
or ointment or HF skin burn treatments on the eyes. Get medical attention
immediately, preferrably an eye specialist. If a
physician is not immediately available, apply one or two drops of ophthalmic
anesthetic (e.g. 0.5% Pontocaine Hydrochloride
solution). Place ice pack on eyes until reaching emergency room.
Skin Contact:
In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15
minutes while removing contaminated clothing
and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may be used.
Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean
shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately. While waiting for medical
attention, it has been shown that flushing
the affected area with water for one minute and then massaging HF Antidote Gel
into the wound until there is a cessation of
pain is a most effective first aid treatment. HF Antidote Gel contains Calcium
Gluconate which combines with HF for insoluble
Calcium Fluoride, thus preventing the extraction of calcium from the body tissue
and bones. Another alternative first aid
treatment, after thorough washing of the burned area, is to immerse the burned
area in a solution of 0.2% iced aqueous
Hyamine 1622 or 0.13% iced aqueous Zephiran Chloride. If immersion is
inpractical, towels should be soaked with one of
the above solutions and used as compresses for the burn area. Hyamine 1622 is
a trade name for Tetracaine Benzethonium
Chloride. Zephiran is a trade name for Benzalkonium Chloride. Again, seek
medical attention as soon as possible for all burns
regardless of how minor they may appear initially.
Serious Skin Contact:
Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an antibacterial cream. Seek immediate medical

If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If
breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical
attention immediately.
Serious Inhalation:
Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing
such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If
breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may
be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or
corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention.
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical
personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an
unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.
Get medical attention immediately.
Serious Ingestion:
Not available.

Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data

Flammability of the Product:
Auto-Ignition Temperature:
Not applicable.
Flash Points:
Not applicable.
Flammable Limits:
Not applicable.
Products of Combustion:
Not available.
Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:
Not applicable.
Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances:
Explosive in presence of metals. Non-explosive in presence of open flames and
sparks, of shocks.
Fire Fighting Media and Instructions:
Not applicable.
Special Remarks on Fire Hazards:
Hazardous decompostion: May form acid vapors, hydrogen fluoride.
Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards:
It's corrosive action on metals can result in formation of hydrogen gas in
containers and piping to create explosion hazard.
Reacts explosively with Cyanogen fluoride (polymerizes explosively), glycerol
plus nitric acid (evolves gas from oxidation),

methanesulfonic acid (evolves oxygen difluoride). Hydrofluoric acid reacts with

most metals to release hydrogen gas which
can form explosive mixtures with air.

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

Small Spill:
Dilute with water and mop up, or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an
appropriate waste disposal container. If
necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate.
Large Spill:
Corrosive liquid. Poisonous liquid. Stop leak if without risk. Absorb with DRY
earth, sand or other non-combustible material.
Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray
curtain to divert vapor drift. Use water spray
to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if
needed. Call for assistance on disposal.
Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Be careful that
the product is not present at a concentration
level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

Section 7: Handling and Storage

Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. Never add water to this
product. In case of insufficient ventilation,
wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice
immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid
contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as organic
materials, metals, alkalis, moisture. May corrode
metallic surfaces and glass. Store in a polyethylene container.
Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Engineering Controls:
Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne
concentrations of vapors below their respective
threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are
proximal to the work-station location.
Personal Protection:
Face shield. Synthetic (impervious) apron or full suit. A full impervious suit is
recommended if exposure is possible to a large
portion of the body. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified
respirator or equivalent. Gloves (impervious neoprene, nitrile). Impervious Boots.
Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill:
Splash goggles. Full suit (impervious). Vapor respirator. Impervious Boots.
Gloves (impervious).. A self contained breathing
apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested
protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a
specialist BEFORE handling this product.
Exposure Limits:

Hydrogen fluoride STEL: 2.3 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States] STEL: 3
(ppm) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States]
CEIL: 6 from NIOSH CEIL: 5 (mg/m3) from NIOSH TWA: 3 STEL: 6 (ppm) from
OSHA (PEL) [United States]Consult local
authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical state and appearance:
Acrid (Strong.)
Not available.
Molecular Weight:
Not applicable.
Colorless. Clear
pH (1% soln/water):
<2 [Acidic.]
Boiling Point:
108C (226.4F)
Melting Point:
<-36.111C (-33F)
Critical Temperature:
Not available.
Specific Gravity:
1.15 - 1.18 (Water = 1)
Vapor Pressure:
3.3 kPa (@ 20C)
Vapor Density:
1.97 (Air = 1)
Not available.
Odor Threshold:
0.5-3 ppm
Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.:
Not available.
Ionicity (in Water):
Not available.
Dispersion Properties:
See solubility in water, diethyl ether.
Easily soluble in cold water, hot water. Partially soluble in diethyl ether.

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data

The product is stable.
Instability Temperature:

Not available.
Conditions of Instability:
Incompatible materials
Incompatibility with various substances:
Highly reactive with metals. Reactive with organic materials, alkalis.
Extremely corrosive in presence of glass, of aluminum, of stainless steel(304), of
stainless steel(316). Slightly corrosive in
presence of copper.
Special Remarks on Reactivity:
Incompatible with glass, ceramics, concrete, alkali materials, and will generate
hydrogen gas on contact with metals, leather,
rubber, common metals, carbonates, sulfides, cyanides, oxides of silicon,
fluorine. Reacts violently with: Acetic anhydride, 2amino ethanol, Ammonium hydroxide, Arsenic trioxide, Bismuthic acid (produces
oxygen), Calcium oxide, Chlorosulfonic acid,
Dialuminum octavanadium tridecasilicide, Ethylene diamine, Ethyleneimine,
Fluorine, Mercuric oxide, Mercury (II) oxide plus
organic materials(above zero degree C), Nitric acid plus lactic acid (mixtures are
unstable), Nitric acid plus propylene glycol,
Olen-Phenylazopiperidine, Phosphoric anhydride (Phosphorus pentoxide unites
with hydrogen fluoride vigorously, even at
19.5 degrees C, HSDB 1990), Potassium permanganate, Potassium
tetrafluorosilicate(2-) (evolves silicon tetrafluoride gas),
Propriolactone (beta-), Propylene glycol and silver nitrate (gas evolution and
formation of silver fulminate), Propylene oxide,
Sodium, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium tetrafluorosilicate, Sulfuric acid, Vinyl
Special Remarks on Corrosivity:
It corrodes most substances except lead, wax, polyethylene, and platinum. It will
attack some forms of plastics, rubber and
coatings. It attacks glass or stoneware, dissolving the silica. Minor corrosive
effect on bronze.
Will not occur.

Section 11: Toxicological Information

Routes of Entry:
Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.
Toxicity to Animals:
Acute toxicity of the vapor (LC50): 342 1 hours [Mouse].
Chronic Effects on Humans:
May cause damage to the following organs: lungs, mucous membranes, skin,
eyes, bones,
Other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Extremely hazardous in case of inhalation (lung corrosive). Very hazardous in

case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant,
permeator), of eye contact (corrosive), of ingestion, .
Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals:
Not available.
Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans:
May cause adverse reproductive effects (Fetotoxicity) based on animal data. May
affect genetic material based on animal
data. (Hydrogen fluoride)
Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:
Acute Potential Health Effects: Skin: Causes severe irritation and
burns/irreversible destruction of skin. Readily penetrates
skin and mucous membranes. Eyes: Causes severe irritation and
burns/irreversible destruction of eyes. Inhalation: Causes
severe irritation and burns/irreversible destruction of respiratory tract/lungs. May
also affect behavior (change in motor activity,
coma), blood, metabolism, sense organs, cardiovascular system (lowering of
blood pressure, arrythmia), urinary system,
gastrointestinal tract, respiration, and urinary system. Symptoms may inclulde
severe throat irritation, cough, dyspnea,
cyanosis, lung injury, and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. Acute inhalation
also depletes calcium levels in the body
when can lead to hypocalcemia. Inhalation exposure of 50 ppm for 5 min. may be
fatal. Ingestion: Causes severe irritation
and burns/irreversible destruction of digestive tract/stomach. Serious
gastrointestinal effects may include hematemesis,
nausea, and severe abdominal pain, painful necrotic leisons, hemorrhagic
gastris, pancreatitis, local caustic effects to mouth
and gastrointestinal tract. Severe systemic toxicity including hypocalcemia,
hypomagnesemia, hyperkalemia, ventricular
dysrhythmia and death may also occur. Chronic Potential Health Effects:
Repeated exposure to airborne concentrations
of 3 ppm or less could be tolerated with no apparent ill effects for 6 hours/day for
up to 50 days; redness of the skin and
irritation and burning of the eyes and nose were noted at airborne concentrations
between 3 ppm and 4.7 ppm (ACGIH, 1992).
No significant changes in pulmonary function occurred with occupational
exposure to airborne levels averaging 1.03 ppm
(ACGIH). Effects of chronic exposure by inhalation and ingestion include
systemic fluoride toxicity (FLUOROSIS), skeletal/
bone structure abnormalties (osteosclerosis, and mottling of the teeth (Clayton &
Clayton, 1994; White, 1980; Waldbott & Lee,
1978). Hypocalcemia), metabolic acidosis, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary edema,
and death can occur from high-level chronic

Section 12: Ecological Information

Not available.

BOD5 and COD:

Not available.
Products of Biodegradation:
Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long
term degradation products may arise.
Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation:
The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself.
Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation:
Not available.

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal:
Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local
environmental control regulations.

Section 14: Transport Information

DOT Classification:
CLASS 6.1: Poisonous material. Class 8: Corrosive material
: Hydrofluoric Acid solution (Hydrogen fluoride) UNNA: 1790 PG: II
Special Provisions for Transport:
Not available

Section 15: Other Regulatory Information

Federal and State Regulations:
Connecticut hazardous material survey.: Listed as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen
fluoride Illinois toxic substances disclosure
to employee act: Listed as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen fluoride Illinois chemical
safety act: Listed as Hydrofluroic or
Hydrogen fluoride New York release reporting list: Listed as Hydrofluoric acid
Rhode Island RTK hazardous substances:
Listed as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen fluoride Pennsylvania RTK: Listed as
Hydrofluoric acid Minnesota: Hydrogen fluoride
Massachusetts RTK: Listed as Hydrogen fluoride Massachusetts spill list: Listed
as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen fluoride
New Jersey: Listed as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen fluoride New Jersey spill
list: Listed as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen
fluoride Louisiana RTK reporting list: Listed as Hydrogen fluoride Louisiana spill
reporting: Listed as Hydrogen fluoride
Califoria Director's List of Hazardous substances: Listed as Hydrofluoric acid or
Hydrogen Fluoride TSCA 8(b) inventory:
Water; Hydrofluoric acid TSCA 4(a) proposed test rules: Listed as Hydrogen
fluoride SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely
hazardous substances: Listed as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen fluoride SARA
313 toxic chemical notification and release
reporting: Listed as Hydrogen fluoride CERCLA: Hazardous substances.: Listed
as Hydrofluoric acid or Hydrogen fluoride: 100
lbs. (45.36 kg)
Other Regulations:

OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR

1910.1200). EINECS: This product is on the
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances.
INTERNATIOINAL LISTS: China (National Inventory):
Listed as Hydrofluoric acid; Japan (ENCS - National Inventory): Listed as
Hydrogen Fluoride; Korea (KECI - National
Inventory): Listed as Hydrofluoric acid; Philippines (PICCS - National Inventory):
Listed as Hydrofluoric acid
Other Classifications:
WHMIS (Canada):
CLASS D-1B: Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (TOXIC).
CLASS E: Corrosive liquid.
R26/27/28- Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. R35Causes severe burns. S7/9- Keep container
tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place. S26- In case of contact with eyes,
rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek
medical advice. S36/37- Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. S45- In
case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the
HMIS (U.S.A.):
Health Hazard:
Fire Hazard:
Personal Protection:
National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.):
Specific hazard:
Protective Equipment:
Gloves. Synthetic apron. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an
approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Wear
appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Face shield.

Section 16: Other Information

Not available.
Other Special Considerations:
Not available.

10/09/2005 05:46 PM
Last Updated:
05/21/2013 12:00 PM
The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best
information currently available to us. However, we
make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied,
with respect to such information, and we assume
no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to
determine the suitability of the information for
their particular purposes. In no event shall be liable for any
claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for
lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary
damages, howsoever arising, even if
has been advised of the possibility of such damages.