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Question Bank

Name of Paper: Industrial Relations and Labour Law

Course: MBA
Unit no. 1 Industrial Relations in India, Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Is the act applicable to a closed industry?

When does an Individual dispute become an industrial dispute?
Is a dismissed workman covered by the act?
Are there any restrictions on the employer in the matter of changing
service conditions of his workmen?
5. Can the employer effect Retrenchment without giving a notice under
section 9-A of the act?
6. Can the employer effect a change in the wages and allowances of his
workmen without giving a notice under section 9-A of the act?
7. Where a change is introduced first and a notice of the change is issued
afterwards, is the notice valid.
8. Is there any time limit for referring a dispute for adjudication?
9. Does a labour court or tribunal have power to reinstate discharged or
dismissed workman?
10. What is the binding effect of a award or a settlement?
11. When does a strike become illegal?
12. How poor industrial Relations bring Industrial Unrest .Comment
13. Industrial relations in India are not conducive to rapid Industrial
Growth Do you agree? Suggest measures to bring about harmonious
industrial relations for sustained growth?
14. Define award and settlement. When and under what a condition does
an award made under the ID Act 1947, commence to be enforceable?
15. Write a note on: lay-off, Retrenchment, Lock-out, Strikes.
16. What are the duties and powers of a conciliation officer and
adjudication officer?
17. Discuss the conditions when compensation is or not payable to
employed person who has been laid off.
18. Discuss the provisions of ID Act relating to voluntarily reference of
disputes to arbitration.
Unit 2: Workers Participation in Management

1. Workers Participation in Management is essential to industrial

democracy and Socialistic pattern of society .In the light of the
statement, discuss the role of Workers Participation in Management.
2. Workers Participation in Management is failed in India ?Do you
agree? Justify your answer.
3. is Workers Participation in Management a practical possibility ? If
yes, how? Substantiate with suitable examples.
4. Discuss the philosophy and rationale of participative management
what measures have been taken to make it successful?
5. What are the key issues in representative schemes of participation?
Discuss whether and how they can be resolved?
6. Illustrate with suitable example the relevance of participative
management in reducing the prosperity of disputes in the Indian
Industrial environment?
7. Explain various forms of WPM.
8. Discuss WPM in the context of Indian organizations.

Unit 3: Collective Bargaining

1. Discuss the role of collective Bargaining in HRM?
2. Why Collective Bargaining has not been successful in India? Suggest
measures to make Collective Bargaining Effective?
3. How Collective Bargaining help in maintaining Labour Relations in
4. Collective Bargaining assumes Collective wisdom of both labour and
management .Discuss.
5. Is Collective Bargaining superior to other methods of settling
Industrial Disputes? Suggest measures for making collective
bargaining effective?
6. Explain negotiation skills in Collective Bargaining?
7. Discuss the importance of collective bargaining to employer and

Unit 4: Trade Union

1. Can supervisory officers and managers form a Trade Union?
2. Is Registration of a Trade union Compulsory?
3. Is a Trade Union required to have a certain minimum membership?
4. What is the legal status of a Registered Trade union?
5. Can a minor be admitted as a member of a registered Trade union?

6. Is there any restriction on the number of outsiders who can be the office
bearers of a registered Trade union?
7. Is it possible for any two or more registered Trade unions to
8. Define the term trade Union, Trade Dispute and registered trade union
9. Write briefly how trade unions are registered and certificates of
certificate of registration thereof under the Trade Unions Act, 1926?
10. What are the objects on which general funds of the trade union may be
11. What are the provisions related to dissolution of trade union under the
12. Write a note on the amalgamation f trade unions?
13. What are the rules regarding the change of a name of trade union?
14. For what purposes a political fund of a trade union has created?
15. When can the registration of trade union be cancelled or withdrawn?

Unit No.5 The Factories Act, 1948

1. Is it permissible to exempt any factory from the provisions of the act?
2. Is transportation of goods a Manufacturing process ?
3. What are the provisions of the act regarding appointment of welfare
and safety officers? Who is having power to fix pay scale of Welfare
officers and under which sections?
4. Is it permissible for any employer to collect from a worker any fee or
charge for the various facilities provided under the act?
5. What are the restrictions on the working hours of adults employed in a
6. Are the workers required to observe any discipline in connection with
the use of the appliances provided by a factory for their health, safety
and welfare?
7. What are the rights of the workers?
8. Does section 46, which require the employer to provide and maintain
a canteen for the use of the workers; create any obligation on the
employer to treat the canteen as a part of the establishment and the
workers employed in the canteen as the employees of the
9. What is the procedure for getting the plans of a factory approved?
10. Define the term factory, occupier, adult, adolescent, young person,
worker and manufacturing process as used in the Factories Act, 1948.

11. Who are certifying surgeons? What are there duties?

12. State the provisions of the factories act, 1948 regarding extra wages
for overtime, weekly holidays, annual leave with wages.
13. State the restrictions imposed on the employment and work of women
under the act.
14. What provisions have been made under the act for protection against
fire and for safety of building and machinery of the factory?
15. What are the provisions of the act regarding the appointment of
welfare officer?

Unit No.6 E.S.I.C Act, 1948

1. Is a cinema theatre, having less than 20 employees excluding security
guards engaged through outside agency, covered by the act?
2. Does the act apply to a person employed through a contractor?
3. Is an employee who was assaulted at the bus stop while he was
waiting for the bus to his house, entitled to disablement benefit?
4. Can an insured person sustaining an employment injury as an
employee under the E.S.I act recover compensation under the
workmen compensation act?
5. Is it permissible for any employee to draw a benefit of the same kind
under the E.S.I act and also under any other act?
6. Are there any circumstances in which an employee is not entitled to
receive any benefit under the act?
7. Is there any restriction on the employer in the matter of termination of
services of any employee during the period the employee is in receipt
of any benefit under the act?
8. Does the act apply to an Apprentice?
9. How a factory gets registered under this act?
10. What are the powers and duties of the ESIC, the standing committee,
and the medical council?
11. What is employees state Insurance fund?
12. State the general provisions regarding the benefits under the the ESI
act 1948
13. Employer and Employees contribution under the ESI Act.
14. How does the ESI Act, 1948 provide for adjudication of disputes and
15. What is ESI fund? What are the purposes for which the fund may be

Unit 7: Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972

1. Is a trained or untrained Teacher covered by the definition of
employee under this act?
2. As the act came into force on 16th sep., 1972 is Gratuity payable to
those employees only who are rendering service from that date only?
3. Is a retrenched employee entitled to Gratuity?
4. Is the condition of five years of minimum service applicable in the
case of death or disablement of the employee?
5. Is gratuity payable on the basis of Basic wages only?
6. Is a person employed in a managerial or administrative capacity
eligible for payment of Gratuity?
7. If the services of an employee had been terminated for committing
theft in the course of his employment, does he forfeit the whole of his
8. Is a person entitled to any interest, if the payment of Gratuity is
delayed by the employer?
9. What is the procedure the employee has to follow for claiming
Gratuity from the employer?
10. What are the obligations on the part of the employer in respect of
Payment of Gratuity?
11. What are the rules relating to nomination by an employee under the
payment of gratuity act 1972?
12. What are the rules as to recovery and determination of amount under
the act?
13. Who is the controlling authority under the payment of gratuity act ,
14. Write a note on compulsory insurance of employer for payment of
15. When does an employee forfeit his right to graituity?
Unit 8: Contract labor Act, 1970
1. Discuss Contract Labour Act, 1970 along with its applicability and
2. What is meant by work of an intermittent nature ?
3. What is the Primary duty of an employer and contractor covered
under this act ?

4. Can an industrial tribunal decide any dispute regarding ablition of

contract labour after the passing of the contract labour act ?
5. What should be done if a certificate of Registration or a license is
6. What are the conditions in which a license can be revoked or
7. What is the effect of a Principal Employer employing Contract Labour
without holding a certificate of registration and a contractor also not
holding a license?
8. What is the effect of a Principal Employer employing Contract Labour
holding a certificate of registration but a contractor not holding a
9. What type of record is required to be maintained under the act by a
Principal employer or Contractor?
10. Discuss the provisions related to employment of contractual
employees under the Act.