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Code of Practice for the Management of Dogs and Cats in Shelters and Pounds (revision 1 changes) section introduction change
Establishment must have $10m public liability insurance.
requirement to obtain insurance been informed all facilities already have it
protection for public and proprietor
(currently no requirement for insurance in this code of practice
(aligning with other codes)
definitions 1.1 proprietor
extensive list of definitions major shift to the responsibilities lying with proprietor for staff, animal welfare and management processes (training, written agreements and health plans)
clarity to the document users so easier for interpretation by users moves responsibility from manager to proprietor (defn: owner or in case of a council CEO or board of management Exec Officer) -impact- councils CEO (if council own pound) or Shelter EO will have to make policy decisions and take responsibility for overall management, training and health plans - meaning greater transparency and consistency but requirement for council or board of management to have written protocols. Protocols generally already exist but will be adopted at a higher level of management.
provide clarity to the document users provide clarity on roles and policy and procedures requirements and makes a senior person accept responsibility of animal welfare and management processes
1.1 (proprietor) and 1.4 (veterinarian)
A proprietor must prepare an animal health plan to be endorsed proprietor must prepare a plan (to be endorsed by a provide clarity on roles and policy by a veterinarian veterinarian) for actions in response to disease, and procedures requirements. vaccination and disease prevention, euthanasia, fostering, isolation, behaviour and welfare assessments Operations Manager must have completed a cert4 in Animal Operations Managers will probably already have the Care and management or equivalent experience or quals. Used certificate or equivalent experience - will insure new to be 'Preferable to have completed a course in animal care.' managers are adequately trained ***possible cost for training***cost - Aimed at training future operations managers - most will come through system and already have certificate or could spend (approx) $200 to have recognition of prior learning carried out by a TAFE to increase the level of training for pound and shelter managers to reflect the public importance and understanding legislative requirements of pounds and shelters -impact - Most current managers will already have qualification or equivalent experience (so no cost).
1.2 Operations Manager
1.3 Animal Attendants
1 full time attendant for every 40 animals housed - was 1 for 50 currently all council pounds have a capacity of less than 40 animals and so will not be affected - larger shelter operated pounds generally have this staff ratio (or better).
increase in staffing needs for probably only for mid size pounds as larger pounds probably already have staff numbers ***possible cost for extra staff***cost could be in $ for employing a new attendant pro-rata for hours needed (av $40,000 per annum full time) or could make decision to house less animals. Cost of not doing is risk of reduced welfare of animals due to increase demands on staff time. clarity on role of driver access to hot and cold water and soap for general public extra vaccination requirement for dogs - probably already getting as standard in this day and age
reflects the duties required to be carried out by staff: training, health checks, compliance, enrichment.
1.5 Vehicle driver 1.6 Staff and volunteer health 2.3.2 Vaccination 2.3.4 Isolation
expanded list of responsibilities includes assessing animals being transported and disinfection of vehicle clarification Members of public must have access to hand washing facilities
clarity on role of driver public safety and decrease risk of carrying diseases to other animals reflects current technology and now a standard in the vaccination process
Added Canine Cough vaccination required for dogs sold
specifies that isolation facilities within the establishment must be physically separated by impervious barrier or 10 metre distance in an area approved in the health plan with reference to airflow, workflow etc point is really to clarify the difference between quarantine (pre vaccination) and isolation (to contain possible disease)
if the establishment cannot meet the requirements health and welfare of animals not for isolation they will be required to have an in isolation arrangement with a veterinarian ***possible cost for re-fit or agreement with vet***impact: large shelters already have compliant isolation areas, some smaller pounds will need to establish an agreement on a case by case basis with a veterinarian. Cost dependent on vet but cost of not doing is risk of all animals in facility becoming infected and ill due to poor containment of one sick animal. makes proprietor and veterinarian answerable to public on selected method of euthanasia clarity and more information to proprietors on food and water requirements insures effective disinfectants are in use and OH&S compliance with safety data sheets
Specific reference to requirements if gunshot is the selected If gunshot is method of choice then staff must be method of euthanasia - -requires proprietor to decide, training of highly skilled and trained. Must be accepted by official carrying it out and compliance with POCTAA guidelines proprietor and veterinarian as acceptable method New reference to food being 'nutritionally balanced' and information on water requirements for dogs and cats new reference to 'animal disease specific' disinfectant and holding MSDS's for all chemicals problem trying to fix - is legal requirement for MSDS and storage in workplace and to ensure safe and effective disinfectants are being used - rather than old expired household products reminder on quality food and water requirements
2.3.6 (a) nutrition 2.3.6 (b) Disinfection and hygiene
requires a revision of standard disinfectants in use and to holding the correct safety sheets
2.3.6 (c) Inspection
New requirement for puppies and kittens to be inspected at least Staffing allocated to second check for the day cost - young animals are more twice per day no expected cost to shelters as already general practice. vulnerable to sudden health Smaller pounds that may only employ part-time staff changes and require extra care may need to split shifts or divert an officer to check puppies and kittens a second time in the day - this should only take a few minutes as small pounds have limited space and more likely to have older animals that were found at large. A whole new section incorporating the old exercise area but offering clarity and guidance on forms of enrichment based on type of animal and period in the establishment. Includes a section specifically for long term housed animals Clarity and guidance on exercise and enrichment clarity and more information available to dogs and cats (and young) dependent encouraging all forms of on the reason for their confinement ***possible cost enrichment not just exercise if extra staff time*** most animals already receive some level of enrichment. The tables aim to provide ideas on variety and ways to interact with animals dependent on the housing constraints. It is not expected to take up extra time - but provide new ideas to consider to vary and improve the animals enrichment. highlights the value the writing group placed on enrichment and socialisation.
2.3.6 (d) Enrichment
2.3.6 (d) Enrichment
Allows dogs to be exercised outside of the establishment Enables dogs to be taken for a walk out of the (previously required GIC exemption to allow) and for establishment or socialised together at one time socialisation periods up to 6 compatible dogs can be in one area (under set conditions) (was 2)-both under certain conditions
Code of Practice for the Management of Dogs and Cats in Shelters and Pounds (revision 1 changes) section 2.3.7 (1) Foster Care change
The current code's only reference to foster care is that an animal could be placed in care at the conclusion of the 4 week holding period. This new section states the requirements and ability to foster animals for juvenile care or rehabilitation. This is a completely new section to the code
Foster care must be carried out clearly under Veterinary agreement to trained carers for specific reasons (under weight or needing rehabilitation). Specific recording requirements by carers, time limits for animals in care. Foster animals must be returned to the pound or shelter for sale or euthanasia at the end of the period Pounds and Shelters must microchip animals leaving the premises - understand already being done
clarity and information on the specifics of foster care to insure animals have care that is monitored and approved inline with animals in the shelter or pound This is currently being done but was not a legislative requirement when the current code was written
** not compulsory to arrange foster care but if do these are the requirements**
2.3.7 (2) Re-homing
Requirement for animal to be micro chipped prior to leaving the establishment
2.3.7 (2) Re-homing 2.3.8 Returning seized (long term) animals to owners
holding time after 8 day statutory period to be no more than 6 weeks A new section to specifically address the issue of animals held for a long period of time due to legislative reasons
an extra 2 week holding period permitted if pound or provides pounds and shelters an shelter would like it (not required) extra 2 weeks to suitably rehome an animal Requirement for owners to be informed of any behavioural issues or problems that were noted whilst the animal was in the pound/shelter and owners encouraged to seek assistance rehabilitating the animal back into the family home ***possible cost if extra staff time***impact is likely to be little as temperament issues or problems are generally recorded and this requirement is part of a whole new section that addresses the issue of long-term housed dogs that has not been in the code previously. Therefore unlikely to be any cost as really this is only requiring what is already done but providing clarity to owners on what to expect and why. recording details of Licence number of institution, ethics protocol and animal details To address the issues that may affect animals housed for a long period of time away from their owner or that the animal may have that were the reason for it's impoundment.
2.3.10 Release of Animals for research or teaching 2.3.11 Animals used for research or teaching within pound 3.1 Transport vehicles
Extra requirements on the recording of animals released for research and teaching
clarity and transparency
A new section to specifically address the issue of animals being If animals are subject to research or used for In line with POCTAA (part 3) involved with behavioural observation studies or teaching whilst teaching whilst in the pound/shelter it must be -use of animals in research and in the pound or shelter carried out with AEC (Animal Ethics Committee) teaching approval - so must be linked to an organisation with an AEC New requirement that if dogs and cats are to be transported together they must be separated by an opaque screen cages or pens within vehicle must have opaque welfare on the animal sides if dogs and cats in the same vehicle ***possible cost if need to refit van***most vans have separate/screened areas - may affect a small council but the cost of installing screens that can be cleaned properly is expected to be less than a few hundred dollars - or even placing a cat in a cat carrier within a cage would suffice and this would be less than $100 welfare on the animal
3.3 Housing 3.3 Housing
Requirement for natural light or lighting the duplicates light cycle automatic lighting may need to be installed in an pen area that does not receive natural light temperature, humidity, ventilation controls less prescriptive
acknowledges the difficulties of prescriptive controls to reflect capabilities of and that dogs and cats are used to natural weather engineering and animals needs variations
3.3 Housing (a) pens, cages, modules
Requirement for no gaps to allow an animals head to protrude from pen. Requirement of drains at the front of pens to be enclosed. Cat modules must not be closer that 1.2 metres if they face one another
May need some minor modification to pens and Decrease risk of cross drains and positioning of cat cages. ***possible cost contamination if need to refit*** because of the costs of new structures there are no changes required to any structures. If a facility has open drains this could be fitted with a cover or if cages face one another are too close a barrier in front of one would fix the problem. It is likely to only affect old and small existing pounds and depending on the area could be fixed and be unlikely to cost more than $1500 or cages could be removed (at no cost) and less animal kept in the area.
3.3.1 (a) minimum pen size for dogs
change in height of dogs per area - was up to 70cm or above 70 a dog greater than 60 cm high requires more room recognise importance of area for cm now 60cm so less big dogs per area, but can have more than dogs and to allow for one dog per area if extra space ***possible cost if socialisation of dogs need to refit***could be no cost if chose to have less dogs or if no dog between 60 and 70 cm no change. This only affects the "middle' size dog (eg: Labrador breed standard height is up to 57cm) - no change for larger or smaller dogs so a very small chance of actually affecting many dogs as most dogs are smaller than a lab or taller than 70 cm. cats in colony pens must EACH have a raised sleeping quarter, extra equipment for colony cat pens ***possible cost recognise importance of area for litter tray, food and water container if need to refit*** most cat pens have a raised area but 'escape' for cats for a small cost a "Shelf", scratch post or 'bed' could be placed in a pen. Disposable cat boxes with a cubby and sleep area on top are available for around $40 each dog and cat charts added for information information that may assist staff education
3.3.1 (b) minimum requirements for cats
Body condition charts
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