NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD Vehicle Recorders Division Washington, D. C.

20594

December 21, 2001

Air Traffic Control Recording

Specialist's Report by Joseph A. Gregor

A. ACCIDENT

Location:

Date:

Time;' Aircraft:

NTSB Number:

The Pentagon, Arlington, VA September 11, 2001

Boeing 757-200 DCA01SA064

B. GROUP

N/A

C. SUMMARY

On September 11, 2001 American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, VA. A certified analog copy of air traffic control (ATe) transmissions recorded on September 11, 2001 at various tower, departure, and Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) positions along the route of flight was sent to the audio laboratory of the National Transportation Safety Board. These recordings were used to create an audio track and text transcript of the aircraft-ground communications from takeoff to accident time.

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D. DETAILS OF INVESTIGATION

Transmissions between the accident aircraft and ATC were recorded and an analog copy was sent to the Safety Board's audio laboratory. The tapes cover the following ATC positions and time periods:

Facility Time Period" (UTe) Position
lAD 1211 - 1226 LeW
1215 -1230 NO
1218 -1231 NH
ZOC 1220 -1236 Sector 05R
zoe 1226 -1246 Sector 03R
ZIO 1234 - 1309 HNN-R
1249 -1313 DAC-RA
1249 - 1313 DAC-R Sections of the tape recordings containing air-ground transmissions to and from the incident aircraft were digitized at a 22,050 Samples/second data rate and saved as standard Microsoft . way files. Individual . wav files were combined into a single 43 minute 59 second long . way file containing all transmissions to and from the incident aircraft from 1219:20 UTe (aircraft cleared for takeoff) to 1303:19 UTC. A transcript was obtained from the final composite recording. Times are approximate due to limitations inherent in the data obtained from the FAA.

Joseph A Gregor K( Electrical Engineer

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Transcript of ATe communications with a Boeing 8-757-200 (American Airlines flight 77) which crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, VA on September 11, 2001.

LEGEND

AAL-77 Radio transmission from American 8-767-200. flight 77

LCW Radio transmission from Local Control West

NO Radio transmission from North Departure

NH Radio transmission from North High

05R Radio transmission from Sector 05 Radar position

03R Radio transmission from Sector 03 Radar position

HNN-R Radio transmission from Henderson Radar position

DAC-RA Radio transmission from DAC Radar Associate position

DAC-R

Radio transmission from DAC Radar position

*

Unintelligible word Expletive

#

Questionable insertion

[ ] Editorial insertion

Pause

Interruption

Note 1: Times are expressed in universal coordinated time (UTe).

Note 2: Only radio transmissions to and from the accident aircraft were transcribed.

Note 3: Words shown with excess vowels. letters. or drawn out syllables are a phonetic representation of the words as spoken.

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E UJ +
i=UJ American seventy seven your departure frequency will be one two five point zero five runway three zero cleared for take off. [lAD 1211-1226 LCW]

twenty five point five cleared for take off runway ah three zero American seventy seven. [lAD 1211-1226 LCW]

American seventy seven turn left heading two seven zero contact departure. [lAD 1211-1226 LCW]

two seventy heading departure American seventy seven thanks sir good day. [lAD 1211-1226 LCW]

American seventy seven Dulles departure radar contact climb and maintain five thousand. [lAD. 1215-1230 ND]

five thousand American seventy seven. [lAD 1215-1230 ND] American seventy seven climb and maintain one one thousand

eleven thousand. [lAD 1215-1230 ND]

1222:08 AAL-77 up to one one thousand American seventy seven. [lAD 1215-1230 ND]

American seventy seven cleared direct LINDEN contact Dulles one one eight point six seven. [lAD 1215-1230 ND]

direct LINDEN eighteen sixty seven American ah seventy seven ** [lAD 1215-1230 ND]

* American ah seventy seven with you passing nine decimal one for eleven one one thousand. [lAD 1215-1230 NH]

American seven seven Dulles approach climb maintain one seven thousand. [lAD 1215-1230 NH] .

one seven thousand American seventy seven. [lAD 1215-1230 NH] American seventy seven contact Washington center one two zero point six five good flight. [lAD 1215-1230 NH]

twenty six five American seventy seven thank you maam good day. [lAD 1215-1230 NH]

ah center American seventy seven with you passing one three decimal zero for one seven thousand. [ZDC 1220-1236 05R] American seventy seven Washington center roger climb and maintain flight level two seven zero. [ZDC 1220-1236 05R] two seven zero American seventy seven. [ZDC 1220-1236 OSR] American seventy seVen contact Washington center one three three point two seven. [ZDC 1220-1236 05R}

ah thirty three twenty seven American seventy seven thanks sir good day. [ZDC 1220-1236 05Rj

* American seventy seven passing two five decimal one for two seven oh. [ZDC 1223-1246 03R]

American seventy seven ah climb, climb maintain flight level two niner zero sir. [ZDC 1226-1246 03Rj

two nine zero American seventy seven. [ZDC 1226-1246 03R] American seventy seven turn twenty degrees right vector for your climb. [ZDC 1226-1246 03R]

turn twenty right American seventy seven. [ZDC 1226-1246 03R] American seventy seven recleared direct Charleston climb maintain cor -- correction recleared direct Henderson sir climb maintain.flight level three niner zero. [ZDC 1226-1246 03Rj direct HENDERSON out of two nine for three nine oh requesting three five zero for a final American seventy seven. [ZDC 1226-

1246 03R]

1237:55 AAL-77 center American ah seventy seven you copy request for three five zero as a final? [ZDC 1226-1246 03Rj

1237:59 03R American seventy seven ah roger maintain flight level three five zero I'll show that as your flinal. [ZDC 1226-1246 03Rj

1219:20 LCW
1219:27 AAL-77
1220:26 LCW
1220:31 AAL-77
1220:43 ND
1220:47 AAL-77
1222:05 ND 1223:23 ND
1223:28 AAL-77
1223:43 AAL-77
1223:47 NH
1223:50 AAL-77
1225:33 NH
1225:37 AAL-77
1225:49 AAL-77
1225:57 05R
1226:02 AAL-77
1230:38 05R
1230:42 AAL-77
1231:05 AAL-77
1231:21 03R
1231:27 AAL-77
1234:14 03R
1234:17 AAL-77
1237:31 03R
1237:39 AAL-77 ah three five zero for a final American seventy seven thank you sir. [ZOC 1226-1246 03R]

American seventy seven amend your altitude maintain flight level three three zero for traffic. [ZOC 1226-1246 03R] American seven seven stop at three three zero. [ZOC 1226-1246 03R]

American seventy seven contact Indy center one two zero point two seven. [ZOC 1226-1246 03R]

twenty twenty seven American seventy seven thanks sir good day. [ZOC 1226-1246 03R]

center American seventy seven with you level three three zero. [ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

American seventy seven Indy center roger squawk, three seven four three. [ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

three seven four three American seventy seven. [ZDC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

American seventy seven climb and maintain flight level three five zero. [ZDC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

thirty three, three five oh American seventy seven. [ZDC 1234-

1409 HNN-R)

1247:16 HNN-R American seventy seven turn ten degrees to the right vectors for traffic. [ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

ten right American seven seven. [ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-R] American seventy seven cleared direct ah FALMOUTH. [ZOC 1234- 1409 HNN-Rj

ah direct FALMOUTH American seventy seven thanks. [ZOC 1234- 1409 HNN-R]

American seventy seven Indy. [ZDC 1234-1409 HNN-R) American seventy seven Indy. [ZDC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

American seventy seven American Indy. [ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-Rj American seventy seven American Indy radio check how do you read? [ZDC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

American ahseventy seven American radio check how do you read? (ZDC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

1258: 16 HNN-R American seventy seven Indy radio check how do you read? (ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-RJ

1238:03 MJ..,-77
1239:30 03R
1239:36 MJ..,-77
1240:03 03R
1240:06 MJ..,-77
1240:13 AAL-77
1240:15 HNN-R
1240:19 AAL-77
1243:51 HNN-R
1243:55 AAJ..,-77 1247:20 AAL-77
1250:47 HNN-R
1250:51 AAJ..,-77
1256:32 HNN-R
1256:46 HNN-R
1256:53 HNN-R
1257:12 HNN-R
1257:27 HNN-R OAC-RA American seventy seven center. [ZOC 1249-1317 OAC-RA]

HNN-R American ah seventy seven ah Indy center how do you read? [ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

1258:51 HNN-R American seventy seven Indy radio check how do you read? [ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-R)

OAC-RA American seventy seven center. (ZOC 1249-1317 OAC-RA] HNN-R American seventy seven Indy. [ZDC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

OAC-RA Indy center calling American seventy seven American seventy seven. [ZDC 1249-1317 OAC-RA]

OAC-R Indy center calling American seventy seven American seventy seven. [ZOC 1249-1317 OAC-R]

HNN-R American seventy seven Indy. (ZOC 1234-1409 HNN-R]

AAL-683 [called AAL-77 on guard at center request]. [ZOC 1249-1317 OACRA]

1258:20 1258:41

1259:32 1300:25 1300:56

1300: 56

1303:06 -1315:15