TECHNICAL SEMINAR ON

HARDWARE & NETWORKING

HARDWARE & NETWORKING

3 WAN

2
1

LAN

HARDWARE

1 . HARDWARE

:-

Dealing the Physical Components of COMPUTER is termed as HARDWARE.
Computer Components
INPUT ( Devices which is used for giving input signal to CPU ) CPU ( Process the Data given by Input Units ) OUTPUT ( Devices Which is used for giving output of Processed Data by CPU )

INPUT UNITS :   Keyboard Mouse Scanner

OUTPUT UNITS : Monitor  Printer  Plotter

Central Processing Unit
Processor - Process the Instructions Motherboard - Interconnects all peripherals RAM - To Speed up the Processing Floppy Disc Drive - Secondry Storage Device Hard Disc Drive CD-Rom Drive - SSD - SSD

Serial Ports, Parallel ports – Mouse , Printer Cabinet With SMPS – Power Supply

PROCESSORS

SLOT TYPE

SOCKET TYPE

INTEL GENERATION PROCESSORS
a. 8088 b. 8086 c. 80186 d. 80286 e. 80386 f. 80486 g. Pentium – I h. Pentium – II i. Celeron j. Pentium - III h. Pentium - IV

MOTHER BOARD
BIOS Hard Disc , FD Connectors Slots for Add on Cards

RAM slot Socket for cpu

speakers USB To Mouse To Monitor

RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY
Extended Data Output RAM

Synchronous Dynamic RAM

Rambus Dynamic RAM

HARD DISC DRIVE

Internal Structure of HDD
Platter

Read & Write Head

Internal Structure of HDD Platter and Head Assembly

Internal Structure of CD – ROM Drive

HARDWARE ENGINEER SKILLS : Identify the Specification of Component  Installing the Component  Configuring the Component  Trouble Shooting the Component

HARDWARE & NETWORKING

3 WAN

2
1C

LAN .

USTOMER SUPPORT ENGG

3 WAN

2
1

LAN

HARDWARE

NETWORKING
INTERCONNECTION TWO OR MORE COMPUTERS FOR SHARING THE RESOURCES ( HARDWARE & SOFTWARE RESOURCES ) AND PROVIDING SECURITY ON THAT. EXAMPLE :- PRINTERS , MODEMS SHARING THE DATAS.

TYPES OF NETWORKING
 PEER – PEER NETWORKING Designing Network using Desktop OS. Example :- Windows 95,98,mille.  SERVER –CLIENT MODEL NETWORKING Designing Network using Network OS Example :- Winnt, Win2000, Unix, Linux,Solaris

Classification Of Networks
 Based on Distance
– LAN ( Local Area Network ) – CAN ( Campus Area Network ) – WAN ( Wide Area Network )

 Based on Network Technology
– Centralized Processing – Distributed Processing

Minimum Requirements For Network

Networking Cable PC – 2 Nos NIC ( Network Interface Card ) – 2 Nos Cables & Connectors Networking Operating System.

Inter-Connecting Devices
       Repeaters Hub Switch Bridge Routers Brouters Gateways

BUS TOPOLOGY
Terminator BNC Co – Axial Cable Repeater ‘T’ Connector

 Systems are connected in series with the help of Co-Axial Cable , Terminators, T connectors, BNC connector.

BUS TOPOLOGY Advantages :
 Investment is less

Disadvantages :If any cable cut on network will make the entire network down.  Data transfer will be slow.

STAR TOPOLOGY
HUB

In Star Topology Each System is connected individually to Inter Connecting Devices ( HUB ).

STAR TOPOLOGY Advantages :
 Investment is less If any cable cut on network will make the particular system down.  Data transfer will be high.

Disadvantages : Cost is High compare to Bus Topology

THANK YOU