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Lumber (American English;[1] timber in Australian English, British English, Hiberno-English, and New

Zealand English[2]) is wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process
of wood production.
Lumber may be supplied either rough-sawn, or surfaced on one or more of its faces.
Besides pulpwood, rough lumber is the raw material for furniture-making and other items requiring
additional cutting and shaping. It is available in many species, usuallyhardwoods; but it is also
readily available in softwoods, such as white pine and red pine, because of their low cost.[3] Finished
lumberis supplied in standard sizes, mostly for the construction industryprimarily softwood,
from coniferous species, including pine, fir andspruce (collectively spruce-pine-fir), cedar,
and hemlock, but also some hardwood, for high-grade flooring.
Lumber is mainly used for structural purposes but has many other uses as well. It is classified more
commonly as a softwood than as a hardwood, because 80% of lumber comes from softwood. [4]
In Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and Britain, the term timber describes sawn wood products, such
as floor boards. In the United States and Canada, generally timber describes standing or felled
trees, before they are milled into boards, which are called lumber.
Timber there also describes sawn lumber not less than 5 inches (127 mm) in its smallest dimension.
[5]

The latter includes the often partly finished lumber used in timber-frameconstruction.

In the United Kingdom, the word lumber is rarely used in relation to wood, and timber is almost
universally used in its place; but lumber has several other meanings in Britain, including unused or
unwanted items.

Timber Classifications
Supper Luxury Class

Botanical Name

Teak
Ebony
Nedun
Calamander

Tectona grandis
Diospyros ebenum
Pericopsis mooniana
Diospyros quaesita

Luxury Class

Botanical Name

Satin
Halmilla
Milla
Mahogany (narrow leaves)
Mahogany (broad leaved)
Jak

Chloroxylon swietenia
Berrya cordifolia
Vitex pinnata
Swietenia microphyla
Swetenia Macrophylla
Artocarpus heterophyllus

Special Class Upper

Botanical Name

Gammalu
Hulanhik

Pterocarpus marsapium
Chukrasia velutina

Margosa
Suriyamara,
Kolon
Velang
Palu

Azadirachta indica
Albizia odoratissima
Alseodaphane
semecarpifolia
Adina cardifolia
Pterospermum canescens
Manickara hexandra

Special Class

Botanical Name

Tamarind (Hard Wood),


Kumbuk

Tamarindus indica
Terminalia arjuna

Wewarana

Eucalyptus microcorys

Class I

Botanical Name

Tawwanna
Uva Mandora
Munamal
Ubberiya
Eucalyptus Pilularis
Eucalyptus Pilularis,
Aceasia Melanoxylon
Panakka
Hora
Kirihambiliya
Urukanu or Uruhonda
Mandora
Pihimbiya
Ginikulu
Halamba
Del
Liyan
Neralu
Madan
Koon
Na

Palacuium rubiginosum
Hopea cordifolia
Mimusops elengi
Carallia calycina
Eucalyptus Pilularis
Eucalyptus Pilularis,
Aceasia Melanoxylon
Pleurostylia opposita
Dipterocarpus zeylanicus
Palaquium grande
Lasianthera apicalis
Vertica chinensis
Filicium decipiens
Diospyros oocarpa
Mitragyna parvifolia
Artocarpus nobills
Homalium zeylanicum
Elaeodendron Glausum
Syzygium Cumini
Schleichera eleosa
Mesua ferrea
Bridelia Mooni /
Acacialeucophloea
Samamea saman
Chaetocarpus
castanocarpus
Eucalyptus grandis

Pathkela & Keeriya


Paramara
Hedawaka
Treated Grandis

Class II
Alubo
Dawata
Dawul-Kurundu
Godapara
Halmandora
Panamora
Wa
Wellpenna
Toona
Mihiriya
Damba
Karaw

Botanical Name
Syzygium Makul
Carallia brachiata
Neolitssa cassia
Dillenia retusa
Vatica offinis
Doona oblonga
Cassia siamea
Amisophyllea cinnamocides
Cedrella toona
Cordonia zeylanica
Syzygium gardneri
Prosouus indicus

Panu-Dan
Rathatiya
Thimbiri
Dorana
Na-Imbul
Gonapana
Kosganna
Kiripedda
Talang
Eucalyptus Grandis
Cypress Ethdemata
Ginisapu
Ehela
Kirikoon & Dunumandala
Boron Treated Sawn Rubberwood,
Alastonia (Havari Nuga)
Boron Treated Sawn Pinus
Eucalyptus Robusta (Red Gum)
Blue Gum,
Comporta

Syzyjium spp
Palaquium thwaitsii
Diospyros embryopteria
Diptejacarpus glandulosus
Harpullia arborsa
Garcinia spicata
Ficus altissima
Palaquium grande
Listea gardneri
Eucalyptus Grandis
Cupresus macrocarpa /
Gmelina arborea
Michelia champaca
Cassia fistula
Walsura piscidia /
stevosperm tetragonnm
Hevea braciliensis
Alstonia macrophylla
Pinus spp
Eucalyptus Robusta (Red
Gum)
Eucalyptus globulus
Aporesa cardiosperma

Redness Coconut
Thiththeta.
All Doona and shorea spp:except doona
congestiflora
All calophyllum spp: species other than
calaphyllum bracteatum

Trichadenia zeylanica
All Doona and shorea
spp:except doona
congestiflora
All calophyllum spp: species
other than calaphyllum
bracteatum

Class III

Botanical Name

Aridda
Malaboda
Diyathaliya
Pinus
Lunumedella

Compnosperma zeylanica
Myristica dactylosdes
Mastixia tetrandra
Pinus spp:
Melia dulia

Kalu-Sudu Thalambu
Atamba
Bulu
Kahata
Rubber
Rata-amba (Mango)

Mangifera zeylanica
Terminalia belerica
Careya arbovea
Hevea braciliensis
Mangifera indica

Ratadel
Godakaduru
Gokalu
Sabbukku(Gravilliya)
Accacia Decaran
Athdemata
Godakirilla
Mara

Strychuos nuxvomica
Garcinia morella
Gravillea robusta
Accacia Decaran
Gmelina arborea
Holoptelea integrifolia
Albizzia molucana

Kataboda
Goraka
Tammarin(Sapwood)
Bakme
Kakuna
Casurina(Kasa Kasa)
Beth-hik
Davu.

Cullenia ceylonica
Garcinia cambogia
Tamarindus indica
Nauclea orientalis
Canarium zeylanicum
Casuarina equisetifolia
Lannea coromandelica
Anogeissus latifolia

Class III Lower Grade

Botanical Name

All species not otherwise classified.