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You are on page 1of 4

Pb. No.

1

Statement

What is the pressure at the center of pipe B in Fig.

1?

Figure

Fig. 1

2

8. When air in the container is at atmospheric

pressure, the free surface in the tube is at position

1. When the container is pressurized, the liquid in

the tube moves 40 cm up the tube from position 1 to

position 2, as shown in Fig. 2. What is the container

pressure that causes this deflection? The liquid

density is 1200 kg m3.

T = 10C.

Fig. 2

Fig. 3

4

at an angle of 30 with the horizontal. What is the

pressure gradient in the flow direction along the

pipe in terms of the specific weight of the liquid if

the liquid is decelerating (accelerating opposite to

flow direction) at a rate of 0.3g?

liquid, is accelerated downward at 1.5 g and to the

right at 0.9g. Here L= 2 m, H= 3 m, and the specific

gravity of the liquid is 1.2. Determine PC - PA & PB PA

of a stagnation probe at station 2 and a static

pressure tap at station 1. The velocity at station 2 is

twice that at station 1. Air with a density of 1.2

kg/m3 flows through the duct. A water manometer is

connected between the stagnation probe and the

pressure tap, and a deflection of 10 cm is

measured. What is the velocity at station 2?

Fig. 4

Fig. 5

7

connected to a differential pressure gage. If the air

temperature is 20C at standard atmospheric

pressure at sea level, and if the differential gage

reads a pressure difference of 3 kPa, what is the air

velocity?

A rugged instrument used frequently for monitoring

gas velocity in smoke stacks consists of two open

tubes oriented to the flow direction as shown in Fig.

6, and connected to a manometer. The pressure

coefficient is 1.0 at A and 0.3 at B. Assume that

water, at 20C, is used in the manometer and that a

5 mm deflection is noted. The pressure and

temperature of the stack gases are 101 kPa and

250C. The gas constant of the stack gases is 200

J/kg K. Determine the velocity of the stack gases.

Fig. 6

10

of an airplane. The Pitot tube is connected to a

pressure-sensing device calibrated to indicate the

correct airspeed when the temperature is 17C and

the pressure is 101 kPa. The airplane flies at an

altitude of 3000 m, where the pressure and

temperature are 70 kPa and 6.3C. The indicated

airspeed is 70 m/s. What is the true air speed?

Liquid flows with a free surface around a bend. The

liquid is inviscid and incompressible, and the flow is

steady and irrotational. The velocity varies with the

2

11

meters. Find the difference in depth of the liquid

from the inside to the outside radius. The inside

radius of the bend is 1 m and the outside radius is 3

m.

The velocity in the outlet pipe from this reservoir

shown in Fig. 7, is 6 m/s and h = 15 m. Because of

the rounded entrance to the pipe, the flow is

assumed to be irrotational. Under these conditions,

what is the pressure at A?

Fig. 7

12

duct, as shown in Fig. 8, is

, where r is the

radial location in the duct, R is the duct radius, and

V0 is the velocity on the axis. Find the ratio of the

mean velocity to the velocity on the axis.

Fig. 8

13

W and depth D as shown in Fig. 9. The hypothetical

velocity profile for the water is

(

][

between the channel walls. The coordinate system

is as shown; x is measured from the center plane of

the channel and y downward from the water

surface. Find the discharge in the channel in terms

of Vs, D, and W.

Fig. 9

14

10. The flows are incompressible. The volume flow

rate of stream A into the pipe is given by QA = 0.02t

m3/s and that of stream B by QB = 0.008t2 m3/s,

where t is in seconds. The exit area of the pipe is

0.01 m2. Find the velocity and acceleration of the

flow at the exit at t = 1 s.

15

has a chamber diameter of 10 cm and a nozzle exit

diameter of 8 cm. The density of the propellant is

1750 kg/m3, and the surface regresses at the rate of

1 cm/s. The gases crossing the nozzle exit plane

have a pressure of 10 kPa abs and a temperature

Fig. 10

16

is 415 J/kg K. Calculate the gas velocity at the

nozzle exit plane.

A tank has a hole in the bottom with a crosssectional area of 0.0025 m2 and an inlet line on the

side with a cross-sectional area of 0.0025 m2, as

shown in Fig. 12. The cross-sectional area of the

tank is 0.1 m2. The velocity of the liquid flowing out

the bottom hole is

, where h is the height

a certain time the surface level in the tankis 1 m and

rising at the rate of 0.1 cm/s. The liquid is

incompressible. Find the velocity of the liquid

through the inlet.

Fig. 12

Arranged by:

Prof. Dr. Asad Naeem Shah

Department of Mechanical Engineering

UET Lahore

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