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US005932827A

United States Patent [19]

[11] Patent Number:

Osborne et al.

[45]

[54]

SUSTAINER FORA MUSICAL INSTRUMENT

[76]

Inventors: Gary T. Osborne, 8230 MeadoWbrook,


Indianapolis, Ind 46268; Alan AHoover, 33 W- LaVerOCk, Indianapolis,
Ind 46208

[21] Appl, No.1 08/370,446

Date of Patent:

WO9503686

2/1995

5,932,827
Aug. 3, 1999

WIPO.

OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Heet Sound Products Inc., EBOW Instructions, Heet Sound

Products Inc., Copyright Approximately 1978.


Motorola Inc., Switching Audio Ampli?er Uses PoWer
MOSFETS,Electronics World & Wireless World, Jul. 1992.

Motorola Inc., High Fidelity SWitching Audio Ampli?ers

Using TMOS PoWer MOSFETs, Motorola Semiconductor

[22]

P116011

Jan- 9 1995

App. Note AN1042, 1989.

[51]

Int. Cl.6 ..................................................... .. G01H 3/18

[52]

US. Cl. ............................................... .. 84/726; 84/738

[58]

Field of Search ............................ .. 84/726, 727, 728,


84/738, DIG. 10, 725

(List Continued on next page)


_

sslstant ExamznerJeffrey W. Donels

[57]
[56]

imam Exlm"?eW11ham M ShOOP 1

ABSTRACT

References Cited
The invention relates to the provision of a sustainer that is

US- PATENT DOCUMENTS


4727019 3/1892 Ohmart _
1,002,036 10/1911 Clement _

compatible With single coil pickups and stacked, single coil


pickups. In this regard, feedback is substantially eliminated
by processing and altering the direct electromagnetic radia

1,893,895

1/1933 Hammond _

tion emitted by the driver. Another aspect of the invention

2,001,723

5/1935 Hammond .

provides a musical instrument, and a sustainer for a musical

2,119,584 6/1938 Knoblaugh 274557567 12/1948 Dearmond~

instrument that overcomes the problems With shifting forces


betWeen magnetic ?elds that are present in some knoWn
prior art devices and that are Worsened When the driver is

2,600,870

6/1952 Hathaway .

2,672,781
2,896,491

3/1954 Miessner .
7/1959 Lover .

371947870

371857755

5/1965 Williams _

placed betWeen the neck pickup and the bridge pickup.


Another aspect of the invention is to provide suitable drive

7/1965 Tondreau _

force and battery life With half as many batteries of some

3,290,425 12/1966 stobaugh _


3,291,888 12/1966 MeaZZi.

knoWn sustainers, thereby providing a high efficiency


sWitching ampli?er. Another aspect of the invention pro

3,456,063

7/1969 Teranishi .

vides that the sustainer can be enabled or disabled by one

3,571,480

3/1971 TiCheIlOf -

momentary contact sWitch, thereby providing that the major

(List continued on next page.)

components of the sustainer are responsive to a transition in


a control signal. Another aspect of the invention provides a

FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

bi-lateral driver for emitting a lateral magnetic ?eld into the

461969 12/1949

Canada.

string array. Another aspect of the invention changes the


harmonic content of the substitution signal that replaces the

0527654A2

2/1993

European Pat. Off. .

961543

5/1950

France

aspect of the invention enables the user to limit the drive

52-151022 12/1977

Japan _

current to a predetermined level.

673375

H1930

France

1343766

1/1974

United Kingdom .

1548285

7/1979

United Kingdom .

driver output signal When the sustainer is enabled. Another

47 Claims, 28 Drawing Sheets

5,932,827
Page 2
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,612,741
3,662,223
3,693,700
3,742,113

3,813,473

10/1971
5/1972
9/1972
6/1973

Marshall .
Marshall .
Berardi .
Cohen .

5/1974 Terymenko .

3,935,782

2/1976 OBrien .

4,075,921
4,137,811

2/1978
2/1979

4,143,575

3/1979 Oliver.

4,181,058

1/1980 Suenaga .

Heet .
Kakehashi .

Maniac Music Inc., Pickup Installation Guide Sustainiac


Model GA1, Maniac Music Inc., Copyright 1989.
Maniac Music Inc., Pickup Location Diagram (for Sustai
niac Model GA1, Maniac Music Inc., Dec. 23, 1988.
Maniac Music Inc., Circuit Board HookUp Diagram Model
GA] for 3 Pickups, Maniac Music Inc., Dec. 23, 1988.
Maniac Music Inc., Circuit Board HookUp Diagram Model
GA] for 2 Pickups, Maniac Music Inc., Dec. 23, 1988.
Maniac Music Inc., Circuit Board HookUp Diagram Model
GA] for 1 Pickup, Maniac Music Inc., Dec. 23, 1988.

4,236,433 12/1980 Holland.


4,238,433 12/1980 Holland.

Maniac Music Inc., Sustainiac Model GAZ Rev. D Sche

4,245,540

1/1981 Groupp .

4,248,120

2/1981

Fernandez Co Ltd., 199596 Fernandez Guitars USA Cata


log, Inside Front Cover and p. 1, Fernandez Co Ltd., 1995.

4,338,846

7/1982 Pogoda .

Dickson .

4,364,295 12/1982 Stich.


4,484,508

11/1984 Nourney .

4,519,287

5/1985 Naruse .

4,532,847 8/1985 Youngblood .


4,697,491 10/1987 Maloney .

4,852,444 8/1989
4,907,483 3/1990
4,941,388 7/1990
4,995,293 2/1991
4,998,960 3/1991
5,031,501 7/1991
5,054,361 10/1991

Hoover.
Rose.
Hoover.
Anderson.
Rose.
Ashworth.
Usa.

5,056,400 10/1991 Wachi et al..

5,070,759 12/1991 Hoover.


5,123,324 6/1992 Rose.
5,182,546

1/1993 Shinbori et al. .

5,189,242 2/1993 Usa.


5,200,569 4/1993 Moore.
5,200,685 4/1993 Sakamoto.
5,233,123 8/1993 Rose.
5,262,586 11/1993 Oba.
5,292,999 3/1994 Tumura.
5,336,845 8/1994 Lace.
5,378,850 1/1995 Tumura.
5,404,090 4/1995 Shinbori.

5,449,858

9/1995 Menning.

5,459,283 10/1995 Birdwell.


5,523,526 6/1996 Shattil.

5,569,872 10/1996 Gimpel.


5,585,588

12/1996

Tumura ................................... .. 84/726

OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Intl.Recti?er Corp., HEXFET Databook Power MOSFET

Application and Product Data, HDB1,Intl. Recti?er Cor


p.,pp. 20 and 21,1981.

Walter G. Jung, IC OPAmp Cookbook, pp. 199 and 200,


Howard W. Sarns & Co., Fifth Printing 1989.
Maniac Music Inc., Operating Instructions Sustainiac
Model GA1, Maniac Music Inc., Copyright 1989.
Maniac Music Inc., Installation Guide Sustainiac Model

GA1, Maniac Music Inc., Copyright 1989.


Maniac Music Inc., Alignment and CheckOut Guide Sus
tainiac Model GA1, Maniac Music Inc., Copyright 1989.
Maniac Music Inc., Bridge Pickup Selection Guide Sustai
niac Model GA1, Maniac Music Inc., Copyright 1989.

rnatic Diagrarn, Maniac Music Inc., Dec. 23, 1988.

Frederic J. MoWle, A Systematic Approach to Digital Logic


Design, Addison Wesley, Copyright 1976.
Hal Charnberlin, Musical Applications of Microprocessors,
Hayden Books, Copyright 1985.
Texas Instruments Inc., TMS320 Digital Signal Proces
sorsrMoving Your Ideas Ahead Faster, Texas Instruments,
1994.

Texas Instruments Inc., TMS320C5X Users Guide, Texas


Instruments Inc., 1994.

Texas Instruments Inc., TMS320 Family Development Sup


port Reference Guide, Texas Instruments Inc., 1994.
Texas Instruments Inc., ThirdParty Support, Texas Instru
rnents Inc., 1994.

John StraWn, Digital Audio Signal Processing anAnthology,


Williarn Kaufman, 1985.
John G. Proakis and Dirnitris G. Manolakis, Introduction to

Digital Signal Processing, Macmillan Publishing Co., 1988.


Audio Sound Intl Inc., Sustainiac GA2R RetroFit Kit

Guitar Sustain System Installation, ASI, 1989.


Maniac Music Inc., Sustainiac Model GA2 Standard Instal

lation, ASI, 1989.


Maniac Music Inc., Sustainiac Model GA2 Alternate

Installation, ASI, 1989.


Maniac Music Inc., Sustainiac Model GA2 Standard Block

Diagram, ASI, 1989.


Maniac Music Inc., Sustainiac Model GA2 Alternate Block

Diagram, ASI, 1989.


Maniac Music Inc., GA2L Rev. B 7689 Schernatic Dia
grarn, ASI, 1989.

Hayt and Kernrnerly, Engineering CircuitAnalysis, Chapter


13, McGraWHill, 1978.
British Patent Application 85/237,729 by Michael Brook
Making Music Magazine, The In?nite Guitar, p. 6, Apr.
1987, Issue 13, London England.
Letter to Brian Gibson, IVL Technology Ltd, Dec. 16, 1985,
from Michael Brook. Sustainiac Splitter Schernatic, Maniac
Music,Inc.,Oct. 31, 198 .

Sustainiac Splitter Schernatic, Maniac Music,Inc.,Oct. 31,


1986 .

Ibanez TS9 Tube Screarner Service Manual No. 004, Author


and Publish Date UnknoWn.

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