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The Thirty-third Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015/16)


Regulations (Final Event)
The competition consists of 8 events, which are divided into 4 individual events and 4 group
events.
Each participating should consist of students who have enrolled in the heat event. Any 4 of
them may take part in the individual event and any 4 of them may take part in the group
event.
Members of each team, accompanied by the teacher-in-charge, should wear proper
school uniform and present ID Card or student identification document when registering
at the venue reception not later than 9:00 a.m. Failing to do so, the team will be
disqualified.
Verbal instruction will be given in Cantonese. However, for competitors who do not
understand Cantonese, instructions written in both Chinese and English will be provided.
Question papers are printed in both English and Chinese.
Each individual event consists of 4 parts. Each part must be completed by one member of the
team. Help from other team members would result in disqualification for that particular event.
In an individual event, the four parts may be interrelated or not related (e.g. See FI2.3). When
solving Part 2, one may have to make use of the answer obtained in Part 1; when solving Part
3, one may have to make use of the answer obtained in Part 2 and so on.
In a group event, the four parts are to be done by the whole team and the parts may or may
not be interrelated. Discussions are allowed provided that voice level is kept to a minimum.
The use of calculating devices will not be allowed; otherwise the team will risk
disqualification or deduction of marks.
Electronic communication devices should be turned off (including the alarm function) and be
put inside the bags or under the chairs. Failing to do so, the team will risk mark penalty or
disqualification.
All answers should be numerical and reduced to the simplest form unless stated otherwise.
No proof or working is required.
The time limit for each event is 5 minutes.
The Marking System is as follows:
(a) Scores for accuracy:
Individual Events
Scores
Group Events
Scores
Part 1 correct
1
Any 1 part correct
2
Part 2 correct
2
Any 2 parts correct
4
Part 3 correct
3
Any 3 parts correct
7
Part 4 correct
4
All 4 parts correct
10
Total
10
(b) Multiplying factors for speed:
Time taken for the teams to hand in their answer < 1 min.
4
1 min. Time taken for the teams to hand in their answer < 2 min. 3
2 min. Time taken for the teams to hand in their answer < 3 min. 2
Time taken for the teams to hand in their answer 3 min.
1
(c) Bonus Score:
Teams, which hand in their answers of anyone individual/group event have all the
answers in that event correct, will be awarded a bonus score of 20 marks.
(d) Total score for each event:
(Score for accuracy) (Multiplying factor) + (Bonus score)
Any queries should reach the Judging Panel within 10 minutes after the end of the last
individual group event. The decision of the Judging Panel on the queries is final.
Trophies and prizes will be given to the three schools achieving the highest scores. The
champion school may keep the Champion shield until the next Hong Kong Mathematics
Olympiad.
The decision of the Judging Panel on the overall results is final.

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(2015/16)

9
/

( FI2.3)

()

() :

10

10
()

< 1
4
1 < 2
3
2 < 3
2
3
1
()
/ 20
()
+
/ 10

()
219
2016 2 27
(HK1) (40 )
(KLN1) (56 )
(KLN2) (40 )
(NT1) (38 )
(NT2) (50 )
Regional winners of the Heat Event
Hong Kong Island Region
Position
School Name
Winner
Queens College
1st Runner-up
St Josephs College
2nd Runner-up
St Pauls Co-Educational College
4th Place
Kings College
Kowloon Region 1
Position
Winner
1st Runner-up
2nd Runner-up
4th Place
5th Place

School Name
La Salle College
Pui Ching College
PLK No.1 WH Cheung College
Diocesan Boys School
Good Hope School

Kowloon Region 2
Position
Winner
1st Runner-up
2nd Runner-up
4th Place

School Name
Ying Wa College
Queen Elizabeth School
Tsuen Wan Public Ho Chuen Yiu Memorial College
Diocesan Girls School

New Territories Region 1


Position
School Name
Winner
HKTA Tang Hin Memorial Secondary School
1st Runner-up
Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School
2nd Runner-up
Pui Kiu College
4th Place
Shatin Tsung Tsin Secondary School
New Territories Region 2
Position
School Name
Winner
STFA Leung Kau Kui College
1st Runner-up
PLK Centenary Li Shiu Chung Memorial College
2nd Runner-up
Chiu Lut Sau Memorial Secondary College
4th Place
Yuen Long Merchants Association Secondary School
5th Place
STFA Lee Shau Kee College

() 50 2016 4 23

School ID
FE-01
FE-02
FE-03
FE-04
FE-05
FE-06
FE-07
FE-08
FE-09
FE-10
FE-11
FE-12
FE-13
FE-14
FE-15
FE-16
FE-17
FE-18
FE-19
FE-20
FE-21
FE-22
FE-23
FE-24
FE-25
FE-26
FE-27
FE-28
FE-29
FE-30
FE-31
FE-32
FE-33
FE-34
FE-35
FE-36
FE-37
FE-38
FE-39
FE-40
FE-41
FE-42
FE-43
FE-44
FE-45
FE-46
FE-47
FE-48
FE-49

Name of School
Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School
Bishop Hall Jubilee School
Buddhist Sin Tak College
Carmel Pak U Secondary School
Carmel Secondary School
CCC Heep Woh College
Cheung Chuk Shan College
The Chinese Foundation Secondary School
Chiu Lut Sau Memorial Secondary School
CNEC Christian College
Diocesan Boys School
G.T. (Ellen Yeung) College
Good Hope School
HKTA Tang Hin Memorial Secondary School
Hoi Ping Chamber of Commerce Secondary School
Hong Kong Baptist University Affiliated School Wong Kam Fai Secondary and Primary
Hong Kong Chinese Womens Club College
Kings College
La Salle College
Maryknoll Convent School (Secondary Section)
Munsang College (Hong Kong Island)
NTHYK Yuen Long District Secondary School
PLK Centenary Li Shiu Chung Memorial College
PLK No. 1 WH Cheung College
PLK Tang Yuk Tien College
Pui Ching Middle School
Pui Kiu College
Queen Elizabeth School
Queens College
Sha Tin Government Secondary School
Sha Tin Methodist College
Shatin Tsung Tsin Secondary School
Sing Yin Secondary School
SKH Bishop Mok Sau Tseng Secondary School
SKH Lam Woo Memorial Secondary School
SKH Tsang Shiu Tim Secondary School
South Island School
St Josephs College
St Pauls Co-Educational College
St Pauls College
St Stephans College
STFA Lee Shau Kee College
STFA Leung Kau Kui College
Tsuen Wan Public Ho Chuen Yiu Memorial College
Tuen Mun Catholic Secondary School
TWGH Kap Yan Directors College
Wah Yan College, Hong Kong
Wong Shiu Chi Secondary School
Ying Wa College

FE-50

Yuen Long Merchant Association Secondary School

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 1 (Individual)
Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

1.

log5 a + log3 a = log5 a log3 a a > 1


Solve the equation log5 a + log3 a = log5 a log3 a for real number a > 1.

2.

If

3.

b = 8 a 8 a b

a=

b=

b = 8 a 8 a , determine the real value of b.

x2 cx + b = 0 1
c
c=
2
If the equation x cx + b = 0 has two distinct real roots and their difference is 1,

determine the greatest possible value of the sum of the roots, c.


4.

d = xyz 10 xyz zyx c


d=
d

Let d = xyz be a three-digit integer that is not divisible by 10. If the sum of
integers xyz and zyx is divisible by c, determine the greatest possible value of
such an integer d.

FOR OFFICIAL USE

Score for
accuracy

Mult. factor
for speed

Bonus
score

Total score

Team No.
Time
Min.

Sec.

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 2 (Individual)

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

1.

2.

1 : 1
a=
2 : a a
Let the ratio of perimeter of an equilateral triangle to the perimeter of a regular
hexagon be 1 : 1. If the ratio of the area of the triangle to the area of the hexagon
is 2 : a, determine the value of a.

1
1
b = log 2 a 2 log 4 2 log a 2 log a2
a
2

1
1
Determine the value of b = log 2 a 2 log 4 2 log a 2 log a2 .
a
2

b=

3.

ABCD XYZW A
XYZW AB YZ 1 : 2 XYZW c =
c : 1 c
In the figure below, identical squares ABCD and XYZW overlap each other in
such a way that the vertex is at the centre of XYZW and the line segment AB cuts
line segment YZ into 1 : 2. If the ratio of the area of XYZW to the overlapped
region is c : 1, determine the value of c.
X

Y
B
A

4.

76 d (L.C.M.) 456 76 d (H.C.F.) c


d=
d
If the least common multiples (L.C.M.) of 76 and d is 456 and the highest
common factor (H.C.F.) of 76 and d is c, determine the value of the positive
integer d.

FOR OFFICIAL USE

Score for
accuracy

Mult. factor
for speed

Bonus
score

Total score

Team No.
Time
Min.

Sec.

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 3 (Individual)

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

1.

2.

3.

f (x) = x4 + x3 + x2 + x + 1 f(x5) f(x) a


If f (x) = x4 + x3 + x2 + x + 1, determine the remainder a of f(x5) divided by f(x).

a=

n na n 30 b
Let n be an integer. Determine the remainder b of na n divided by 30.

b=

0 < x < 1


1 x
1 x
1
1
2

1
c =

x
b
x
b
1

x
1 x x 1

c=

If 0 < x < 1, determine the value of


1 x
1 x
1
1
.
2
c =
1

2
x b
1 x x 1 x b
1 x 1 x

4.

d=
y
If real numbers x and y satisfy the equation 2 log10 (x + 2cy) = log10 x + log10 y,
x
determine the value of d = .
y
x y 2 log10 (x + 2cy) = log10 x + log10 y d =

FOR OFFICIAL USE

Score for
accuracy

Mult. factor
for speed

Bonus
score

Total score
4

Team No.
Time
Min.

Sec.

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 4 (Individual)

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

1.

m 4 n 4 3 m 2 n 2 5
a
m n a = log 2 1
1
m n
mn

a=

m 4 n 4 3 m 2 n 2 5
, determine
If m and n are positive integers and a = log 2 1
1
m n
mn

the value of a.
2.

1108 + a14531844 + 2a 2281 n (> 1)


b=
b b
When the integers 1108 + a, 1453, 1844 + 2a and 2281 divided by some positive
integer n (> 1), they all get the same remainder b. Determine the value of b.

3.

If

4.

6
10
x c = x 2 2 x 1 x 2 6 x 9
b
b

c=

6
10
x , determine the value of c = x 2 2 x 1 x 2 6 x 9 .
b
b

1 + 3c + (3c)2 + (3c)3 + (3c)4 1 + 3 + 32 + 33 + 34 d


Determine the remainder d of 1 + 3c + (3c)2 + (3c)3 + (3c)4 divided by
1 + 3 + 32 + 33 + 34.

d=

FOR OFFICIAL USE

Score for
accuracy

Mult. factor
for speed

Bonus
score

Total score

Team No.
Time
Min.

Sec.

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 1 (Group)

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

1.

AB C A B
C B P =
AB C (P)
A project comprises of three tasks, A, B and C. Suppose task B must begin 3 days
later than task A begins, and task C must begin 4 days later than task B begins. If
the numbers of days to complete tasks A, B and C are 4, 6 and 5, respectively,
determine the least number of days (P) to complete the project.

2.

3 4 8
0 Q Q =
Q
There are 3 blinking lights, red, yellow and green, on a panel. Red, yellow and
green lights blink at every 3, 4 and 8 seconds, respectively. Suppose each light
blinks at the time t = 0. At time Q (in seconds), there is the third time at which
only red and yellow lights blink, determine the value of Q.

3.

f n 3 n
f n1

f n 2 n

n=

f1 = 60 n m n fm 63
f n 3 if n is even
Let f n1
.
f n 2 if n is odd
If f1 = 60, determine the smallest possible value of n satisfying fm 63 for all m n.

4.

Determine the value of T = 3 1 3 1 3

T = 32 1 32 1 32 1 32 1
0

10

22

1 32 1 .
10

T=

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 2 (Group)

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

1.

3469 10
2 A A A =

A box contains five distinctly marked balls with number markings being 3, 4, 6,
9 or 10. Two balls are randomly drawn without replacement from the box. If A
is the number of possible distinct sums of the selected numbers, determine the
value of A.

2.

fn 3
f1 = 9 f n 1
f n-1 1

n 3
n 3

B=

B k fk < 11 B
if n is a multiple of 3
f n1 3
Let f1 = 9 and f n
.
if n is not a multiple of 3
f n-1 1
If B is the number of possible values of k such that fk < 11, determine the value of B.

3.

a1a2a3a4a5a6
a1 2a2 3a3 4a4 5a5 6a6 26

a
a
a
a
a
a

5
1
2
3
4
5
6

c c

c=

Let a1,a2,a3,a4,a5,a6 be non-negative integers and satisfy


a1 2a2 3a3 4a4 5a5 6a6 26
.

a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 5

If c is the number of solutions to the system of equations, determine the value of c.


3d
d
d=
f

4.

d f a1 = 0.9 ai+1 = ai2

ai
i 1

3d
and ai
,
f
i 1
4

2
i

Let d and f be positive integers and a1 = 0.9. If ai+1 = a


determine the smallest possible value of d.

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 3 (Group)
Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

1.

K K =
K
The figure below represents routes of a postman. Starting at the post office, the
postman walks through all the 12 points and finally returns to the post office. If
he takes 10 minutes from a point to another adjacent point by walk and K is the
number of hours required for the postman to finish the routes, find the smallest
possible value of K.

2.

n a1 = 0.8 an+1 = a n2 L
L=
a1 a2 aL < 0.3
If a1 = 0.8 and an+1 = a n2 for positive integers n, determine the least value of L
satisfying a1 a2 aL < 0.3.

3.

Solve

4.

5 x 3 5 x 1 x

5 x 3 5 x 1 for real number x.

a b y 5
ab y
y
ab by ay 3
a b y 5
If a, b and y are real numbers and satisfy
,
ab by ay 3
determine the greatest possible value of y.

x=

y=

Hong Kong Mathematics Olympiad (2015 2016)


Final Event 4 (Group)

Unless otherwise stated, all answers should be expressed in numerals in their simplest form.

a2 b2 144 d = a + b
1.
Let a2 and b2 are two integers that differ by 144, determine the largest possible d =
value of d = a + b.
2.

3.

n n2 10 u 7 u
If n is an integer, and the unit and tens digits of n2 are u and 7, respectively, u =
determine the value of u.

4
c =
6

4
35 6

15

35

3
2

15

3
2

3
2
3
2

4
Determine the value of real number c =
6
4.

x 1

4
35 6

15

3
2

3
2

35

15

3
2
3
2

c=

x=

1
1

1
x

Determine the positive real root of the following equation: x 1

1
1

1
1

1
x

Results
Ind
School code School Name

Isum Group

Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4

Gsum Total rank

Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4

FE-01

Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School

11

21

25

36

18

FE-02

Bishop Hall Jubilee School

12

20

33

FE-03

Buddhist Sin Tak College

30

32

39

14

FE-04

Carmel Pak U Secondary School

16

22

29

FE-05

Carmel Secondary School

11

14

25

26

FE-06

CCC Heep Woh College

14

22

29

FE-07

Cheung Chuk Shan College

17

38

FE-08

The Chinese Foundation Secondary School

50

FE-09

Chiu Lut Sau Memorial Secondary School

30

42

40

53

95

FE-10

CNEC Christian College

12

46

FE-11

Diocesan Boy's School

10

14

14

28

38

15

FE-12

G.T. (Ellen Yeung) College

26

11

37

16

FE-13

Good Hope School

13

14

18

31

21

FE-14

HKTA Tang Hin Memorial Secondary School

11

21

14

35

46

10

FE-15

Hoi Ping Chamber of Commerce Secondary School

12

21

31

FE-16

Hong Kong Baptist University Affiliated School Wong Kam Fai Secondary and Primary School

30

37

40

13

FE-17

Hong Kong Chinese Women's Club College

30

39

14

18

57

FE-18

King's College

12

11

23

28

FE-19

La Salle College

23

40

40

80

103

FE-20

Maryknoll Convent School (Secondary Section)

11

19

34

FE-21

Munsang College (Hong Kong Island)

13

45

FE-22

NTHYK Yuen Long District Secondary School

12

46

FE-23

PLK Centenary Li Shiu Chung Memorial College

30

30

60

67

FE-24

PLK No. 1 WH Cheung College

16

12

28

23

FE-25

PLK Tang Yuk Tien College

14

17

38

FE-26

Pui Ching Middle School

19

14

33

20

FE-27

Pui Kiu College

14

22

27

25

Results
FE-28

Queen Elizabeth School

14

18

35

FE-29

Queen's College

11

30

34

45

11

FE-30

Sha Tin Government Secondary School

18

35

FE-31

Sha Tin Methodist College

49

FE-32

Shatin Tsung Tsin Secondary School

17

38

FE-33

Sing Yin Secondary School

30

37

11

48

FE-34

SKH Bishop Mok Sau Tseng Secondary School

15

43

FE-35

SKH Lam Woo Memorial Secondary School

14

18

24

27

FE-36

SKH Tsang Shiu Tim Secondary School

16

18

35

FE-37

South Island School

14

21

31

FE-38

St Joseph's College

19

30

34

53

FE-39

St Paul's Co-Educational College

40

51

11

62

FE-40

St Paul's College

17

38

FE-41

St Stephan's College

10

48

FE-42

STFA Lee Shau Kee College

14

21

30

22

FE-43

STFA Leung Kau Kui College

30

34

37

16

FE-44

Tsuen Wan Public Ho Chuen Yiu Memorial College

30

37

45

11

FE-45

Tuen Mun Catholic Secondary School

11

14

44

FE-46

TWGH Kap Yan Directors' College

18

10

28

23

FE-47

Wah Yan College, Hong Kong

10

20

15

35

19

FE-48

Wong Shiu Chi Secondary School

11

17

38

FE-49

Ying Wa College

12

16

37

14

30

44

81

FE-50

Yuen Long Merchant Association Secondary School

11

40

47

58

Champion

La Salle College

1st runner up

Ying Wa College

2nd runner up

St Paul's Co-Educational College