Physics Lab Resistance and Parla

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Physics Lab Resistance and Parla

© All Rights Reserved

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Resistance in Series and Parallel

Experiment 10

June 8, 2016

1. Objective- The objective of this experiment was to use an ammeter, voltmeter, battery,

SPST, resistors and connecting wires to create circuits of resistor in series and parallel to

examine the relationships between currents and voltage in the respective setups. We used

the voltage drops of each of the resistor to determine V and we used that to determine the

current.

2. Data SheetsA.

Resistor values R1 10

R2 100

R3 500

R4 1000

Source voltage V

Equivalent resistance Rs

Current I

Voltage drops across resistors V1

5.42v

6.10

9x10^-3 amps

.09v

V2

V3

Experimental measurements

I 9.5x10^-3

I1 9.4x10^-3

V1

I2 9.3x10^-3

V2

I3 8.8x10^-3

V3

B.

Source voltage V

Equivalent resistance Rp

Current I

Current through resistors I1

.88v

4.50v

.094

.93

4.40

V1 + V2 + V3 5.42

Percent Error

5.6%

4.4%

5.7%

2.2%

5.42v

9.09

.61

.542

I2

I3

Experimental measurements

I .5

V1 4.6v

I1 .4

V2 4.3

I2 .043

V3 4.13

I3 .083

I1 + I 2 + I 3

.0542

.01084

Percent Error

18%

15.1%

20.7%

23.4%

.5113

i. A resistor is connected in series when they are connected in a line and

when connected to a voltage source and the switch is closed, the source

supplies a current to the circuit. Resistors that are connected in parallel are

arranged so that all the heads are connected together and all the tails are

connected together. The voltage drops across all the resistors are the same

and equal to the voltage of the source. Through this experiment we were

able to collect values of current and voltage and through the equation

V=IR we were able to calcite our experiment al compare it to the expected

value. We found out numbers to be very close yet differed slightly due to

varying errors. This experiment allowed us to examine the different ways

of measuring resistance through circuits connected in series and parallel.

ii.

Equation

Paramaters

V=IR

Used in calculations

for a value when the

other two were given

V= voltage

I= current

R= resistance

Rs=R1+R2+..Rn

to find resistance in a

series circuit.

Rs= Resistance in

series total

R= individual

resistance

1/Rp= 1/R1+1/R2+

1/Rn

find resistance in a

parallel circuit.

Rp= Resistance in

parallel total

R= individual

resistance

% Error= (EA)/A*100%

percent error in the

result we got

E= experimental

value

A= accepted value

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

b.

i. Regardless of our performance in this experiment, the resistors in and of

themselves are the largest source of our error. This is simply due to the

fact that they are not brand new and do not function perfectly which will

cause the readings to contribute to our error. Temperature is also another

major source of error because any kind of heat will cause our numbers to

be slightly imperfect.

c. Percent Error

i. After analyzing and evaluating our experimental results we found our

percent errors to be 18% for I, 13% for I1, 20.7% for I2, and 23.4 % for I3.

d. Related Questions

1) Pre lab

a) Consider resistors connected in series.

i) How are the voltage drops across the individual resistors related to the

voltage supplied by the battery?

(1) Voltage drop in each resistor will be R proportional to the ratio of

resistors resistance and sum of the resistances.

ii) How are the currents through the individual resistors related to the

current supplied by the battery?

(1) The current will remain constant.

b) Consider resistors connected in parallel.

i) How are the voltage drops across the individual resistors related to the

voltage supplied by the battery?

(1) Voltage drops are equal to the voltage supplied by the battery.

ii) How are the currents through the individual resistors related to the

current supplied by the battery?

(1) Sum of the currents through the resistors is equal to the current

supplied by the battery.

2) Post Lab

a) Suppose that the resistors in the various circuit diagrams represented the

resistances of the light bulbs. When a light bulb burs out, the circuit is

open through that particular component, that is R is infinite. Would the

remaining bulbs continue to burn for the following conditions? If so

would the bulbs burn more brightly if?

i) R2 burned out in the circuit in part A

(1) Due to it being a series circuit, if one of the bulbs burns out they

they will all go out.

ii) R1 burned out in the circuit in part B?

(1) Due to it being a parallel circuit if R1 burns out then R2 and R3

will stay lit at the same brightness.

iii) R3 burned out in the circuit in part B?

(1) While in a parallel circuit is R3 also burns out, R2 will not be

affected and it will stay lit.

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