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GUYON-MASSONNET-BARES METHOD

SUMMARY AND WORKED EXAMPLE


Starting from the knowledge of the parameters q and a, the amplification factor K
of bending moment with respect to the mean value can be evaluated by means of the
following curve fitting relationship:

K a K 0 K1 K 0 a

K0 = amplification factor with respect to the mean value for a = 0 (provided also
in original GMB tables)
K1 = amplification factor with respect to the mean value for a = 1 (provided
also in original GMB tables)
Closed form solution:
K0

2b
2 cosh b y cos b y senh 2b cos b e cosh b e
senh 2 2b sen 2 2b

sen2b cosh b e cos b e cosh b y senb y senhb y cos b y


senh2bsenb e cosh b e cos b e senhb e sen 2b

senhb e cos b e cosh b e senb e

b = theoretical halph-width of the bridge deck

2b nL d L
b 2
n = number of longitudinal girders
L

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

1/12

K1

cosh senh cosh q q senh senh q


2 senh 2
R R
Q Q

3 senh cosh 3 senh cosh


R cosh senh cosh q q senh senh q

R cosh senh cosh q q senh senh q

Q 2 senh cosh senh q q senh cosh q

Q 2 senh cosh senh q q senh cosh q

y
b

e
b

The above formulations can be applied provided that y<e; however the
same relationships can be applied also for y>e taking care of changing
the sign of both y and e.

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

2/12

GUYON-MASSONNET-BARES METHOD
Regarding the bending actions occurring in the cross-girders, the following
relationships have to be applied:

a 0 1 0 a

4
x T
M a p b d T sen

L
0

1
1
2 senhb y senb y senh 2b cos b e
2
2
2q senh 2b sen 2b

cosh b e sen 2b cosh b e cos b e cosh b y senb y

senhb y cos b ysenh 2bsenb e cosh b e cos b e senhb e

sen 2bsenhb e cos b e cosh b e senb e

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

3/12

METODO DI GUYON-MASSONNET-BARES
1

cosh 3senh coshq q senh senh q


1

4 senh 2
3 senh cosh

cosh senhcoshq q senh senhq


3 senh cosh

cosh senhq q senh coshq


3 senh cosh

2senh cosh senhq q senh coshq


3 senh cosh

cosh senh cosh q q senh senh q

The above formulations can be applied provided that y<e; however the
same relationships can be applied also for y>e taking care of changing
the sign of both y and e.

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

4/12

WORKED EXAMPLE: GMB METHOD


0.75

0.75

Bridge deck section


Longitudinal span: L=20 m
Longitudinal girders: HSE 800
Girder spacing: 2.50 m
Cross-girders: 2 C 400x100x10
Cross-girder spacing: 6.67 m
Slab thickness: 18 cm
Section at bearings
Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

5/12

Longitudinal girders HSE800 with concrete slab


section height (mm)

790

top flange width (mm)

300

top flange thickness (mm)

28

bottom flange width (mm)

300

bottom flange thickness (mm)


web depth (mm)

28
734

web thickness (mm)


concrete slab width (mm)

14
2500

Evaluation of the flexural stiffness of


longitudinal girders
y is the distance with respect to the lower edge of the section
n is the modular ratio
Aeq.i is the equivalent area of steel
Seq is the equivalent static moment with respect to the lower edge of the section
Io is the moment of inertia with respect to its own centroidal axis
Ii is the moment of inertia with respect to the lower edge of the section

concrete slab thickness (mm)

180

yG is the distance between the centroidal axis and the lower edge

connection bulb width (mm)

300

Aeq is the equivalent area of steel

connection bulb thickness (mm)

100

Ieq is the equivalent moment of inertia

cubic strength of concrete fck (MPa)

elastic modulus of concrete Ecm (MPa)


elastic modulus of steel Ea (MPa)
modular ratio for short term loading

rectangle

25

31476

yG

81.06

cm

210000

Aeq

997.55

cm2

986280.80

cm4

6.67

b (cm)

Ieq

h (cm)

y (cm)

Aeq.i
(cm2)

Seq
(cm3)

Io
(cm4)

Ii (cm4)

30.0

2.8

1.4

1.00

84.0

117.6

54.9

219.5

1.5

73.4

39.5

1.00

110.1

4349.0

49430.9

221214.4

30.0

2.8

77.6

1.00

84.0

6518.4

54.9

505882.7

30.0

10.0

84.0

6.67

45.0

3777.1

374.7

317650.8

250.0

18.0

98.0

6.67

674.5

66099.2

18211.0

6495931.9

997.547

80861.24

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

7540899.4

6/12

Evaluation of the flexural stiffness of cross-girders


cross beams 2C400X100X10
flange width of channel (mm)

100

flange thickness of channel (mm)

10

height of channel (mm)

400

web thickness of channel (mm)

rectangle

b (cm)

h (cm)

10

y (cm)

Aeq.i
(cm2)

Seq
(cm3)

Io
(cm4)

Ii (cm4)

10.0

1.0

0.5

1.0

10.0

5.0

0.8

3.3

1.0

38.0

20.0

1.0

38.0

760.0

4572.7

19772.7

10.0

1.0

39.5

1.0

10.0

395.0

0.8

15603.3

58

1160

yG

20.00

cm

Aeq (single channel)

58.00

cm2

12179.33

cm4

116.00

cm2

24358.67

cm4

Ieq (single channel)


Aeq (cross beam)
Ieq (cross beam)

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

35379.3

7/12

Evaluation of the unit flexural stiffness of


longitudinal girders and cross-girders
elastic modulus of steel

210000

MPa

spacing between longitudinal girders

250

cm

spacing between cross-beams

667

cm

inertia of longitudinal girders

inertia of cross beams


unit flexural stiffness of longitudinal girders (Dx)

986280.80

cm4

24358.67

cm4

828475873356.18

kN m

7669145427.29

kN m

unit flexural stiffness of cross beams (Dy)

Dx = EIL/dL unit flexural


stiffness of longitudinal girders

Dy = EIT/dT unit flexural


stiffness of cross-girders

Evaluation of the transversal flexural deformability parameter


number of longitudinal girders

theoretical width of deck


theoretical half width
bridge span
transversal flexural deformability parameter (theta)

1000

cm

500

cm

20

Dx
Dy

0.81

Evaluation of the torsion parameter


elastic modulus of concrete

31476

concrete slab thickness

18

Poisson ratio of concrete

0.2

unit stiffness of concrete slab (D)

15934626894

torsion parameter (alpha)

0.200

MPa
cm

kN m

D y D x D xy D yx
2H
x y
2 Dx D y
2 Dx D y

In the examined case:


D xy D yx

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

Ec t c3

121 v 2

Ec t c3
121 v 2

Dx D y

8/12

Evaluation of the amplification factor with respect to the mean value for the
computation of bending moment and shear force in the edge longitudinal girder
e/b

K0

K1

Ka

-1

-0.3347

0.1634

-0.1666

-0.9

-0.3115

0.1872

-0.1432

-0.8

-0.2874

0.2137

-0.1183

-0.7

-0.2606

0.2451

-0.0899

-0.6

-0.2279

0.2836

-0.0552

-0.5

-0.1849

0.331

-0.0108

-0.4

-0.1264

0.3893

0.0476

-0.3

-0.0465

0.4602

0.1245

-0.2

0.0614

0.5457

0.2249

-0.1

0.2039

0.6477

0.3537

1.5

0.3874

0.7678

0.5158

0.1

0.6175

0.9072

0.7152

2.5

0.2

0.8979

1.0665

0.9548

0.3

1.23

1.2451

1.2351

0.4

1.6111

1.4401

1.5534

0.5

2.0335

1.6458

1.9027

0.6

2.4827

1.8515

2.2697

0.7

2.9355

2.0396

2.6332

0.8

3.3602

2.1844

2.9634

0.9

3.753

2.286

3.2579

4.136

2.3709

3.5403

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

Influence line of amplification


factor for edge girder
-1
1

0.75

0.5

0.25

0 -0.5 -0.25

-0.5

-0.75

-1

0
0.5

3.5
4

Ko
K1
Ka

4.5

y/b=0.75 for the edge


longitudinal girder
9/12

Evaluation of the bending moment in the


edge longitudinal girder due to traffic loads
Bridge longitudinal span (m)

Crowd loading: 5.0 kN/mq

q4= 5.0 x 0.75 = 3.75 kN/m

q4

q1

q2

20

Axle load of tandem system - lane 1 (kN)

300

Axle load of tandem system - lane 2 (kN)

200

Axle load of tandem system - lane 3 (kN)

100

Uniform load - lane 1 (kN/m2)

Uniform load - lane 2 (kN/m2)

2.5

Uniform load - lane 2 (kN/m2)

2.5

Width of notional lane (m)


1

0,75

2,5

2,5

2,5
7,5
0,75

0,75

Equivalent uniform load - lane 1 (kN/m)

83.4

Equivalent uniform load - lane 2 (kN/m)

45.1

Equivalent uniform load - lane 3 (kN/m)

26.3

e1 2.25
1.9027 1.5534

0.45 K 1
1.7281
b 5.00
2
3,75
0,75
e
0.75
0.2249 0.3537
e2 2
0.15 K 1
0.2893
b
5.00
2
e
4.125
3.2579 2.9634
e4 4
0.825 K 4 2.9634
3.037
b
5.00
4
Equivalent uniform load and maximum bending moment for the edge longitudinal
girder:
q eqL2 42.14 20 2
83.4
45.1
3.75
q eq 1.7281
0.2893
3.037
42.14 kN/m M max

2107 kNm
4
4
4
8
8
3,75

2,25

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

e1

10/12

Evaluation of bending moment in the mid-span of cross-girders


e/b

mu0

mu1

mua

-1

-0.0893

-0.0266

-0.0681

-0.9

-0.0761

-0.0254

-0.059

-0.8

-0.0626

-0.024

-0.0496

-0.7

-0.0484

-0.0221

-0.0396

-0.6

-0.0328

-0.0191

-0.0282

-0.5

-0.0148

-0.0143

-0.0146

-0.4

0.0067

-0.0066

0.0022

-0.3

0.0328

0.0056

0.0236

-0.2

0.0648

0.0242

0.0511

-0.1

0.1034

0.0522

0.0862

0.1496

0.0938

0.1308

0.1

0.1034

0.0522

0.0862

0.2

0.0648

0.0242

0.0511

0.3

0.0328

0.0056

0.0236

0.4

0.0067

-0.0066

0.0022

0.5

-0.0148

-0.0143

-0.0146

0.6

-0.0328

-0.0191

-0.0282

0.7

-0.0484

-0.0221

-0.0396

0.8

-0.0626

-0.024

-0.0496

0.9

-0.0761

-0.0254

-0.059

-0.0893

-0.0266

-0.0681

Influence line of factor


for bending moment in midspan of cross-beams
-0.15
-0.1

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

0.75

0.5

0.25

-0.05
0
-0.25

-0.5

-0.75

-1

0
0.05
0.1
0.15

muo
mu1
mua

0.2

11/12

Evaluation of bending moment in cross-girders

M T.max

4
x T
p b d T sen

1.50
e

-0.30

5.00
b min
1.50
e

0.30

b max 5.00

20.0236 0.0511 0.0862 0.1308 0.4526

0.4526
medio
0.065
7
4

M T.max 0.065 83.4 5.00 6.67 sin 199.35 kNm

3
Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

12/12

COURBON

Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

13/12