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# GUYON-MASSONNET-BARES METHOD

## SUMMARY AND WORKED EXAMPLE

Starting from the knowledge of the parameters q and a, the amplification factor K
of bending moment with respect to the mean value can be evaluated by means of the
following curve fitting relationship:

K a K 0 K1 K 0 a

K0 = amplification factor with respect to the mean value for a = 0 (provided also
in original GMB tables)
K1 = amplification factor with respect to the mean value for a = 1 (provided
also in original GMB tables)
Closed form solution:
K0

2b
2 cosh b y cos b y senh 2b cos b e cosh b e
senh 2 2b sen 2 2b

## sen2b cosh b e cos b e cosh b y senb y senhb y cos b y

senh2bsenb e cosh b e cos b e senhb e sen 2b

## b = theoretical halph-width of the bridge deck

2b nL d L
b 2
n = number of longitudinal girders
L

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K1

2 senh 2
R R
Q Q

## 3 senh cosh 3 senh cosh

R cosh senh cosh q q senh senh q

## Q 2 senh cosh senh q q senh cosh q

y
b

e
b

The above formulations can be applied provided that y<e; however the
same relationships can be applied also for y>e taking care of changing
the sign of both y and e.

## Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

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GUYON-MASSONNET-BARES METHOD
Regarding the bending actions occurring in the cross-girders, the following
relationships have to be applied:

a 0 1 0 a

4
x T
M a p b d T sen

L
0

1
1
2 senhb y senb y senh 2b cos b e
2
2
2q senh 2b sen 2b

## Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

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METODO DI GUYON-MASSONNET-BARES
1

1

4 senh 2
3 senh cosh

3 senh cosh

3 senh cosh

3 senh cosh

## cosh senh cosh q q senh senh q

The above formulations can be applied provided that y<e; however the
same relationships can be applied also for y>e taking care of changing
the sign of both y and e.

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0.75

0.75

## Bridge deck section

Longitudinal span: L=20 m
Longitudinal girders: HSE 800
Girder spacing: 2.50 m
Cross-girders: 2 C 400x100x10
Cross-girder spacing: 6.67 m
Slab thickness: 18 cm
Section at bearings
Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

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## Longitudinal girders HSE800 with concrete slab

section height (mm)

790

300

28

300

web depth (mm)

28
734

## web thickness (mm)

concrete slab width (mm)

14
2500

## Evaluation of the flexural stiffness of

longitudinal girders
y is the distance with respect to the lower edge of the section
n is the modular ratio
Aeq.i is the equivalent area of steel
Seq is the equivalent static moment with respect to the lower edge of the section
Io is the moment of inertia with respect to its own centroidal axis
Ii is the moment of inertia with respect to the lower edge of the section

## concrete slab thickness (mm)

180

yG is the distance between the centroidal axis and the lower edge

300

100

## elastic modulus of concrete Ecm (MPa)

elastic modulus of steel Ea (MPa)

rectangle

25

31476

yG

81.06

cm

210000

Aeq

997.55

cm2

986280.80

cm4

6.67

b (cm)

Ieq

h (cm)

y (cm)

Aeq.i
(cm2)

Seq
(cm3)

Io
(cm4)

Ii (cm4)

30.0

2.8

1.4

1.00

84.0

117.6

54.9

219.5

1.5

73.4

39.5

1.00

110.1

4349.0

49430.9

221214.4

30.0

2.8

77.6

1.00

84.0

6518.4

54.9

505882.7

30.0

10.0

84.0

6.67

45.0

3777.1

374.7

317650.8

250.0

18.0

98.0

6.67

674.5

66099.2

18211.0

6495931.9

997.547

80861.24

7540899.4

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## Evaluation of the flexural stiffness of cross-girders

cross beams 2C400X100X10
flange width of channel (mm)

100

10

400

rectangle

b (cm)

h (cm)

10

y (cm)

Aeq.i
(cm2)

Seq
(cm3)

Io
(cm4)

Ii (cm4)

10.0

1.0

0.5

1.0

10.0

5.0

0.8

3.3

1.0

38.0

20.0

1.0

38.0

760.0

4572.7

19772.7

10.0

1.0

39.5

1.0

10.0

395.0

0.8

15603.3

58

1160

yG

20.00

cm

58.00

cm2

12179.33

cm4

116.00

cm2

24358.67

cm4

Aeq (cross beam)
Ieq (cross beam)

35379.3

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## Evaluation of the unit flexural stiffness of

longitudinal girders and cross-girders
elastic modulus of steel

210000

MPa

250

cm

667

cm

## inertia of cross beams

unit flexural stiffness of longitudinal girders (Dx)

986280.80

cm4

24358.67

cm4

828475873356.18

kN m

7669145427.29

kN m

## Dx = EIL/dL unit flexural

stiffness of longitudinal girders

## Dy = EIT/dT unit flexural

stiffness of cross-girders

## Evaluation of the transversal flexural deformability parameter

number of longitudinal girders

## theoretical width of deck

theoretical half width
bridge span
transversal flexural deformability parameter (theta)

1000

cm

500

cm

20

Dx
Dy

0.81

## Evaluation of the torsion parameter

elastic modulus of concrete

31476

18

0.2

15934626894

## torsion parameter (alpha)

0.200

MPa
cm

kN m

D y D x D xy D yx
2H
x y
2 Dx D y
2 Dx D y

D xy D yx

## Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

Ec t c3

121 v 2

Ec t c3
121 v 2

Dx D y

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Evaluation of the amplification factor with respect to the mean value for the
computation of bending moment and shear force in the edge longitudinal girder
e/b

K0

K1

Ka

-1

-0.3347

0.1634

-0.1666

-0.9

-0.3115

0.1872

-0.1432

-0.8

-0.2874

0.2137

-0.1183

-0.7

-0.2606

0.2451

-0.0899

-0.6

-0.2279

0.2836

-0.0552

-0.5

-0.1849

0.331

-0.0108

-0.4

-0.1264

0.3893

0.0476

-0.3

-0.0465

0.4602

0.1245

-0.2

0.0614

0.5457

0.2249

-0.1

0.2039

0.6477

0.3537

1.5

0.3874

0.7678

0.5158

0.1

0.6175

0.9072

0.7152

2.5

0.2

0.8979

1.0665

0.9548

0.3

1.23

1.2451

1.2351

0.4

1.6111

1.4401

1.5534

0.5

2.0335

1.6458

1.9027

0.6

2.4827

1.8515

2.2697

0.7

2.9355

2.0396

2.6332

0.8

3.3602

2.1844

2.9634

0.9

3.753

2.286

3.2579

4.136

2.3709

3.5403

## Influence line of amplification

factor for edge girder
-1
1

0.75

0.5

0.25

0 -0.5 -0.25

-0.5

-0.75

-1

0
0.5

3.5
4

Ko
K1
Ka

4.5

## y/b=0.75 for the edge

longitudinal girder
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## Evaluation of the bending moment in the

edge longitudinal girder due to traffic loads
Bridge longitudinal span (m)

q4

q1

q2

20

300

200

100

2.5

2.5

1

0,75

2,5

2,5

2,5
7,5
0,75

0,75

83.4

45.1

## Equivalent uniform load - lane 3 (kN/m)

26.3

e1 2.25
1.9027 1.5534

0.45 K 1
1.7281
b 5.00
2
3,75
0,75
e
0.75
0.2249 0.3537
e2 2
0.15 K 1
0.2893
b
5.00
2
e
4.125
3.2579 2.9634
e4 4
0.825 K 4 2.9634
3.037
b
5.00
4
Equivalent uniform load and maximum bending moment for the edge longitudinal
girder:
q eqL2 42.14 20 2
83.4
45.1
3.75
q eq 1.7281
0.2893
3.037
42.14 kN/m M max

2107 kNm
4
4
4
8
8
3,75

2,25

e1

10/12

e/b

mu0

mu1

mua

-1

-0.0893

-0.0266

-0.0681

-0.9

-0.0761

-0.0254

-0.059

-0.8

-0.0626

-0.024

-0.0496

-0.7

-0.0484

-0.0221

-0.0396

-0.6

-0.0328

-0.0191

-0.0282

-0.5

-0.0148

-0.0143

-0.0146

-0.4

0.0067

-0.0066

0.0022

-0.3

0.0328

0.0056

0.0236

-0.2

0.0648

0.0242

0.0511

-0.1

0.1034

0.0522

0.0862

0.1496

0.0938

0.1308

0.1

0.1034

0.0522

0.0862

0.2

0.0648

0.0242

0.0511

0.3

0.0328

0.0056

0.0236

0.4

0.0067

-0.0066

0.0022

0.5

-0.0148

-0.0143

-0.0146

0.6

-0.0328

-0.0191

-0.0282

0.7

-0.0484

-0.0221

-0.0396

0.8

-0.0626

-0.024

-0.0496

0.9

-0.0761

-0.0254

-0.059

-0.0893

-0.0266

-0.0681

## Influence line of factor

for bending moment in midspan of cross-beams
-0.15
-0.1

0.75

0.5

0.25

-0.05
0
-0.25

-0.5

-0.75

-1

0
0.05
0.1
0.15

muo
mu1
mua

0.2

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M T.max

4
x T
p b d T sen

1.50
e

-0.30

5.00
b min
1.50
e

0.30

b max 5.00

0.4526
medio
0.065
7
4

## M T.max 0.065 83.4 5.00 6.67 sin 199.35 kNm

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Prof. V. Piluso - Steel Bridges

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COURBON

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